CN108684598B - Intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system - Google Patents

Intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108684598B
CN108684598B CN201810368166.7A CN201810368166A CN108684598B CN 108684598 B CN108684598 B CN 108684598B CN 201810368166 A CN201810368166 A CN 201810368166A CN 108684598 B CN108684598 B CN 108684598B
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water
ecological
leisure
intensive
culture
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CN108684598A (en
Inventor
林琪
仇登高
陈春树
黄瑞芳
钟建兴
朱志煌
杨求华
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Xiamen Enqing Machinery Co ltd
Fujian Fisheries Research Institute
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Xiamen Enqing Machinery Co ltd
Fujian Fisheries Research Institute
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/045Filters for aquaria
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H3/00Buildings or groups of buildings for public or similar purposes; Institutions, e.g. infirmaries or prisons
    • E04H3/10Buildings or groups of buildings for public or similar purposes; Institutions, e.g. infirmaries or prisons for meetings, entertainments, or sports

Abstract

The invention provides an intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system. This intelligent ecological farming systems of sea water pond leisure view includes: intensive culture area, ecological three-dimensional culture area, intelligent oxygenation device and leisure entertainment platform. Through the implementation mode of the invention, the operation can be carried out at low cost, the water quality can be kept pollution-free, and the culture yield can be improved, so as to better meet the requirement of future pond culture. Meanwhile, due to the adoption of an intensive culture mode, most of the water surface of the pond can be designed and beautified in combination with landscape ecological needs, and the functional requirements of leisure fishery are met.

Description

Intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system
Technical Field
The invention relates to an ecological culture system, in particular to an intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological culture system.
Background
Aquaculture is the production activity of breeding, cultivating and harvesting aquatic animals and plants under artificial control. Generally comprises the whole process of cultivating aquatic products from seedlings under artificial feeding management. In a broad sense, this may also include the proliferation of aquatic resources.
Aquaculture has modes of rough culture, intensive culture, high-density intensive culture and the like. The rough culture is to put seedlings in medium and small natural waters and to culture aquatic products such as fish in lakes and reservoirs, shellfish in shallow seas and the like by completely relying on natural baits. Intensive culture is to culture aquatic products such as pond fish culture, net cage fish culture, fence culture and the like in a small water body by using bait casting and fertilizing methods. The high-density intensive culture adopts methods of flowing water, controlling temperature, increasing oxygen, feeding high-quality baits and the like to carry out high-density culture in a small water body so as to obtain high yield, such as flowing water high-density fish culture, shrimp culture and the like.
Although open culture methods such as pond culture, ordinary running water culture, cage culture and the like increase the culture density and yield by technical upgrading and other methods, the environmental problems caused by the open culture methods cannot be avoided. The residual bait and excrement in the open culture process are usually discharged as direct pollution sources. A large amount of inorganic and organic nutrient elements such as phosphate, ammonia nitrogen, soluble organic particles and organic carbon directly enter the environment in water body exchange, so that the large environment of the whole aquaculture water area is deteriorated, and a series of main problems of water quality pollution, disease breeding, sanitation and safety of aquatic products and the like which influence the sustainable development of the aquaculture industry are caused.
And then, industrial recirculating aquaculture is developed, which has the characteristics of small space occupation, higher environmental controllability, traceable product quality, advanced aquaculture facility and equipment and the like, and is considered to be one of important development directions of the aquaculture industry. However, in the application and popularization of industrial circulating water, the investment cost, the operation energy consumption and the management requirements are high, and the method becomes a main factor for restricting the large-scale development of an industrial circulating water culture mode. That is, the rigid constraint of resources and environment will become the bottleneck restricting the sustainable development of the aquaculture industry in China for a long time in the future.
Therefore, there is an urgent need for a new ecological aquaculture system that can operate at low cost while maintaining water quality free of pollution and increasing aquaculture yield to better meet the needs of future pond aquaculture
Disclosure of Invention
At least one technical problem to be solved by some embodiments of the present invention is to provide an intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system capable of solving the technical problems.
In some embodiments, an intelligent seawater pond leisure view ecological cultivation system is provided, wherein the intelligent seawater pond leisure view ecological cultivation system comprises: an intensive culture area comprising a plurality of intensive culture tanks; the ecological three-dimensional culture area is used for stocking various culture organisms for constructing ecological balance in different layers, filter feeding seawater fishes are stocked in the middle and upper layers of the ecological three-dimensional culture area, prawns and seawater crabs are stocked in the lower layer of the ecological three-dimensional culture area, and shellfish is stocked at the bottom of the ecological three-dimensional culture area; the intelligent oxygen increasing device comprises an oxygen increasing device, an oxygen conveying pipe, an air storage tank and an air blower which are sequentially connected, wherein the oxygen increasing device is positioned at the bottoms of the intensive culture tanks, the opening and the closing of the air blower are automatically controlled based on the change of dissolved oxygen in water in the intensive culture area, the intelligent oxygen increasing device further comprises an intelligent emergency oxygen increasing disc, the intelligent emergency oxygen increasing disc is square or cylindrical and is positioned in the intensive culture area, the intelligent emergency oxygen increasing disc is connected with a plurality of oxygen tanks through oxygen increasing valves, and the oxygen increasing valves are automatically started or closed when the change range of the dissolved oxygen in the water in the intensive culture area exceeds a preset range; and the leisure and entertainment platform comprises a near-end leisure and entertainment platform arranged near the intensive culture area and a far-end leisure and entertainment platform arranged far away from the intensive culture area.
In some embodiments, the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system further comprises: the water pushing and flow making device is used for keeping the water flow direction of the seawater pond water body, so that the aquaculture water body is in a flowing state.
In some embodiments, the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system further comprises: deposit the dirty district of buffering collection, deposit the dirty district of buffering collection and be the funnel-shaped that leaks with high, the center is low at both ends, every intensive breed groove exhaust incomplete bait and excrement and urine follow rivers direction slowly subsides to deposit the dirty district of buffering collection, subside to deposit the incomplete bait and excrement and urine in the dirty district of buffering collection and mention physical filter equipment through the seawater pump, the great suspended particles thing after the filtration smashes, desalts, makes organic fertilizer, and the aquaculture water body after the filtration returns to the seawater pond through getting rid of less suspended particles thing, disinfection.
In some embodiments, the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system further comprises: the biological filter material is arranged in the suspended particle intercepting zone, and the biological filter material is movable and has a large specific surface area so as to intercept the suspended particles flowing out of the sedimentation buffer dirt collecting zone, collect floccules settled on the filter screen cloth at the bottom of the biological filter material and intercept and remove part of the suspended particles.
In some embodiments, the sedimentation buffer dirt collecting area is connected with the suspended particulate matter intercepting area through a baffle plate which is positioned at the bottom of the water body and is 80-100 cm high, so that the aquaculture water body overflows from the upper end of the baffle plate.
In some embodiments, the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system further comprises: the system comprises a water body purification system, a shellfish purification system and an onshore disinfection and purification system, wherein the seawater aquatic plant purification system comprises natural seawater algae, hippocampus or mangrove which are arranged on the water surface, the shellfish purification system comprises oyster and clam which are intercropped in a middle-lower layer water body, and the onshore disinfection and purification system is started to remove suspended particles in the water body, adjust the water color and disinfect the aquaculture water body when the aquaculture water body is low in transparency or contains more suspended particles; and when the water level of the aquaculture water body is higher or the aquaculture water body needs to be drained to the natural environment around the seawater pond, starting the on-shore disinfection and purification system to drain the water in the water body to the natural environment around the seawater pond.
In some embodiments, the suspended particulate matter intercepting zone further comprises a microorganism filtering layer, the microorganism filtering layer comprises a decay-resistant and high-strength central backbone structure and polyolefin strands interpenetrated and fixed on the central backbone structure, the polyolefin strands are arranged in a three-dimensional radiation manner, and a microorganism film is attached on the polyolefin strands to perform oxidative decomposition on organic matters in the presence of oxygen.
In some embodiments, the size of each of the intensive cultivation tanks is the same, and the length and width are 27 meters and 7 meters, respectively, and the water level of each of the intensive cultivation tanks is maintained within a range of 1.5-2.5 meters.
In some embodiments, the proximal recreational platform is a movable recreational platform and a canvas or geomembrane arranged to block water extends to the water bottom proximate the intensive cultivation area at the proximal recreational platform to locally intercept a body of water; the far-end leisure and entertainment platform is provided with a fishing or leisure area.
In some embodiments, the overall configuration of the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system is constructed as an overall ecological design landscape.
In some embodiments, intelligent sea water pond leisure view ecological farming systems arranges in tetragonal sea water pond, follows the middle part of a diagonal line in sea water pond sets up the breakwater, the one end of breakwater with intensive breed district is connected, intensive breed district is connected to through people's bank of cells passageway one side of quadrangle, ecological three-dimensional breed district sets up the breakwater intensive breed district with one side of the partition structure that people's bank of cells floated passageway and constitutes, water purification system deposit buffering dirt collection district with suspended particles interception district sets up the opposite side of partition structure, and water purification system is including setting up respectively first water purification system and the second water purification system of partition structure both ends department.
In some embodiments, each of the intensive cultivation tanks includes a feeding opening through which feed is automatically fed to a certain intensive cultivation tank upon detecting that the amount of feed in the certain intensive cultivation tank is less than a predetermined amount based on the variety of organisms cultivated in each of the intensive cultivation tanks.
In some embodiments, the recreational entertainment platform further comprises a plurality of landscape plant platforms disposed about the recreational entertainment platform, each landscape plant platform comprising a plurality of cement vats, the plurality of cement floating barrels are fixed together to form the landscape plant platform with different shapes, and each of the cement floating barrels comprises a sealing part, and a landscape plant part and an ecological culture part which are respectively arranged above and below the sealing part, the sealing part includes a plurality of penetrating openings in a vertical direction and a sealed hollow portion except the penetrating openings, the landscape plant part is communicated with the ecological cultivation part through the penetrating opening, the landscape plant part is used for cultivating landscape plants, the ecological breeding part is used for stocking filter feeding seawater fishes, and the bottom of the landscape plant part is provided with a plurality of filtering sand bags and a ceramsite layer positioned on the filtering sand bags.
In some embodiments, an overflow buffer member covering the bottom of the funnel shape is disposed at a lower portion of the sedimentation buffer dirt collecting region, the overflow buffer member is in an inverted disk shape, the residual baits and the stools sink to the bottom of the sedimentation buffer dirt collecting region from the periphery of the overflow buffer member through buffering of the overflow buffer member, the overflow buffer member is provided with an overflow pipe leading to the outside of the sedimentation buffer dirt collecting region, and the overflow pipe is opened when pressure in the pipe exceeds a predetermined pressure to discharge the residual baits and the stools to the outside.
At least one benefit of some embodiments of the invention is that: the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological culture system can be operated at low cost, can keep water quality free of pollution and improve culture yield, and meets the requirement of pond culture in the future better. Meanwhile, due to the adoption of an intensive culture mode, most of the water surface of the pond can be designed and beautified in combination with landscape ecological needs, and the functional requirements of leisure fishery are met. The intelligent sea water pond leisure landscape ecological culture system is based on the technology and technology of integration, oxygenation, flow making, sewage collection, water body physical biological purification, ecological three-dimensional culture, leisure entertainment, landscape design and the like, integrates the intercross subjects of pond fishery engineering, marine economic animal breeding biology, landscape ecological design, water quality biological purification and the like, constructs an economical, practical, environment-friendly, high-yield and safe healthy culture mode, and greatly accelerates the change of fishery development modes.
The foregoing summary is illustrative only and is not intended to be in any way limiting. In addition to the illustrative aspects, embodiments, and features described above, further aspects, embodiments, and features will become apparent by reference to the drawings and the following detailed description.
Drawings
The above and other features of the present invention will become more fully apparent from the following description and appended claims, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. Understanding that these drawings depict only several embodiments in accordance with the invention and are not therefore to be considered to be limiting of its scope, the invention will be described with additional specificity and detail through use of the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system provided by the invention.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made to the accompanying drawings for further description.
Fig. 1 shows a schematic diagram of an intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological culture system provided by the invention.
Referring to fig. 1, in some embodiments, the present invention provides an intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system, wherein the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system comprises: an intensive culture area 101, wherein the intensive culture area 101 comprises a plurality of intensive culture tanks; an ecological three-dimensional culture area 102, wherein a plurality of cultured organisms for building ecological balance are released and cultured in different layers of the ecological three-dimensional culture area 102, filter-feeding seawater fishes are released and cultured in the middle and upper layers of the ecological three-dimensional culture area 102, prawns and seawater crabs are released and cultured in the lower layer of the ecological three-dimensional culture area 102, and shellfish is released and cultured in the bottom of the ecological three-dimensional culture area 102; the intelligent oxygen increasing device comprises an oxygen increasing device, an oxygen conveying pipe, an air storage tank and an air blower which are sequentially connected, wherein the oxygen increasing device is positioned at the bottoms of the intensive culture tanks, the opening and the closing of the air blower are automatically controlled based on the change of dissolved oxygen in water in the intensive culture area, the intelligent oxygen increasing device further comprises an intelligent emergency oxygen increasing disc, the intelligent emergency oxygen increasing disc is square or cylindrical and is positioned in the intensive culture area, the intelligent emergency oxygen increasing disc is connected with a plurality of oxygen tanks through oxygen increasing valves, and the oxygen increasing valves are automatically started or closed when the change range of the dissolved oxygen in the water in the intensive culture area exceeds a preset range; and the leisure and entertainment platform comprises a near-end leisure and entertainment platform arranged near the intensive culture area and a far-end leisure and entertainment platform arranged far away from the intensive culture area.
Through the cultivation by utilizing seawater and the configuration of an intensive cultivation area, an ecological three-dimensional cultivation area, an intelligent oxygen increasing device and a leisure and entertainment platform, the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological cultivation system can operate at low cost, can keep water quality free of pollution, improves cultivation yield and meets the requirement of future pond cultivation better. Meanwhile, due to the adoption of an intensive culture mode, most of the water surface of the pond can be designed and beautified in combination with landscape ecological needs, and the functional requirements of leisure fishery are met.
In some embodiments, the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system further comprises: the water pushing and flow making device 103 is used for keeping the water flow direction of the seawater pond water body, so that the aquaculture water body is in a flowing state.
According to the actual conditions of the seawater pond, the water pushing and flow making device can keep the water flow direction of the pond water body, so that the aquaculture water body is in a flowing state, and the water quality is promoted to be kept pollution-free. Here, the water generating device may be plural.
In some embodiments, the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system further comprises: deposit buffering dirty district 104 of collection, it is the hourglass shape that both ends are high, the center is low to deposit buffering dirty district 104 of collection, every gather together and breed groove exhaust incomplete bait and excrement and urine along the rivers direction slowly subsides to deposit buffering dirty district 104 of collection, subside to deposit buffering dirty district 104's incomplete bait and excrement and urine through the seawater pump pumping and mention physical filtration device, the great suspended particles thing after the filtration smashes, desalts, makes organic fertilizer, and the breed water after the filtration returns to the seawater pond through getting rid of less suspended particles thing, disinfection. The main function of the sediment buffering and dirt collecting area is to concentrate residual feed and excrement, so that the residual feed and the excrement are convenient to collect and utilize.
The sedimentation buffer dirt collecting area can be separated from the intensive culture area through a net piece. Subside through physics filter equipment and arrive the incomplete bait and the excrement and urine of deposiing buffering dirt collecting area are handled, can make most incomplete bait and excrement and urine organic fertilizer to change the waste into the treasure, both avoided incomplete bait and excrement and urine to cause the pollution to the water, can realize the zero release to waste recovery again, accord with circular economy's theory. Particularly, the traditional technology only filters the residual baits and the dejecta to the water bottom, and does not consider to be pumped and lifted to a physical filtering device by a seawater pump, so that when the residual baits and the dejecta are more, the residual baits and the dejecta are easy to be accumulated to form water bloom, and adverse results are brought.
In some embodiments, the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system further comprises: and the suspended particle intercepting zone (not shown in the figure) is internally provided with a movable biological filter material with a large specific surface area so as to intercept the suspended particles flowing out of the sedimentation buffer dirt collecting zone, collect floccules precipitated on the filter screen cloth at the bottom of the biological filter material and intercept and remove part of the suspended particles.
For the follow the suspended particles who overflows on sediment buffering dirt collecting zone upper portion can hold back and get rid of it through biological filter media, has further avoided causing the pollution to the water.
In some embodiments, the sedimentation buffer dirt collecting area is connected with the suspended particulate matter intercepting area through a baffle plate which is positioned at the bottom of the water body and is 80-100 cm high, so that the aquaculture water body overflows from the upper end of the baffle plate. The barrier plate may be a glass fiber reinforced plastic plate.
In some embodiments, the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system further comprises: a water body purification system 105, wherein the water body purification system 105 comprises a seawater aquatic plant purification system 105a, a shellfish purification system 105b and an onshore disinfection purification system, wherein the seawater aquatic plant purification system 105a comprises natural seawater algae, hippocampus or mangrove forest arranged on the water surface, the shellfish purification system 105b comprises oyster and clam intercropping in the middle and lower water bodies, and wherein the onshore disinfection purification system is started to remove suspended particles in the water body, adjust the water color and disinfect the aquaculture water body when the aquaculture water body is low in transparency or has more suspended particles; and when the water level of the aquaculture water body is higher or the aquaculture water body needs to be drained to the natural environment around the seawater pond, starting the on-shore disinfection and purification system to drain the water in the water body to the natural environment around the seawater pond.
The water body purification system utilizes natural seawater organisms to purify the water body, and is also provided with an onshore disinfection and purification system, so that the purification strength can be enhanced if necessary, and the loss is avoided. In particular, the onshore disinfection and purification system can also be used as a drainage channel.
In some embodiments, the suspended particulate matter intercepting zone further comprises a microorganism filtering layer, the microorganism filtering layer comprises a decay-resistant and high-strength central backbone structure and polyolefin strands interpenetrated and fixed on the central backbone structure, the polyolefin strands are arranged in a three-dimensional radiation manner, and a microorganism film is attached on the polyolefin strands to perform oxidative decomposition on organic matters in the presence of oxygen.
The structure of the microorganism filter layer can effectively increase the area of the microorganism membrane contacting with organic matters so as to oxidize and decompose the organic matters, thereby purifying the water body.
In some embodiments, the size of each of the intensive cultivation tanks is the same, and the length and width are 27 meters and 7 meters, respectively, and the water level of each of the intensive cultivation tanks is maintained within a range of 1.5-2.5 meters.
In some embodiments, the proximal recreational platform is a movable recreational platform and a canvas or geomembrane arranged to block water extends to the water bottom proximate the intensive cultivation area at the proximal recreational platform to locally intercept a body of water; the far-end leisure and entertainment platform is provided with a fishing or leisure area.
The near-end leisure and entertainment platform is movable, so that the near-end leisure and entertainment platform is more interesting, and particularly, water retaining canvas or geomembrane is arranged at the near-end leisure and entertainment platform close to the intensive culture area and extends to the water bottom, so that tourists can enjoy the cultured organisms at the intensive culture area. The remote entertainment platform is used for tourists to entertain and sightseeing.
In some embodiments, the overall configuration of the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system is constructed as an overall ecological design landscape. The overall structure of the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system can be designed and beautified by combining landscape ecology, so that the functional requirements of leisure fishery are met.
In some embodiments, the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological aquaculture system is arranged in a quadrilateral seawater pond 100, a water retaining wall 106 is arranged along the middle of one diagonal of the seawater pond 100, one end of the water retaining wall 106 is connected with the intensive culture area 101, the intensive culture area 101 is connected to one side of the quadrangle through a pedestrian floating passage 107, the ecological three-dimensional cultivation area 102 is arranged at one side of the separation structure formed by the water retaining wall 106, the intensive cultivation area 101 and the pedestrian floating channel 107, the water body purification system 105, the sedimentation buffer dirt collecting area 104 and the suspended particulate matter intercepting area are arranged at the other side of the separation structure, and the water body purification system 105 includes a first water body purification system and a second water body purification system respectively provided at both ends of the partition structure.
In some embodiments, each of the intensive cultivation tanks includes a feeding opening through which feed is automatically fed to a certain intensive cultivation tank upon detecting that the amount of feed in the certain intensive cultivation tank is less than a predetermined amount based on the variety of organisms cultivated in each of the intensive cultivation tanks.
In some embodiments, the recreational entertainment platform further comprises a plurality of landscape plant platforms disposed about the recreational entertainment platform, each landscape plant platform comprising a plurality of cement vats, the plurality of cement floating barrels are fixed together to form the landscape plant platform with different shapes, and each of the cement floating barrels comprises a sealing part, and a landscape plant part and an ecological culture part which are respectively arranged above and below the sealing part, the sealing part includes a plurality of penetrating openings in a vertical direction and a sealed hollow portion except the penetrating openings, the landscape plant part is communicated with the ecological cultivation part through the penetrating opening, the landscape plant part is used for cultivating landscape plants, the ecological breeding part is used for stocking filter feeding seawater fishes, and the bottom of the landscape plant part is provided with a plurality of filtering sand bags and a ceramsite layer positioned on the filtering sand bags.
The invention realizes better landscape design by constructing landscape plant platforms with different shapes formed by fixing a plurality of cement floating barrels together, and adopts the filtering sand bags to adsorb pollutants and harmful ions in the water body. Here, the landscape plant may be a plant that can tolerate seawater, for example, mangrove, aubergine, rhizophora mucronata, nelumbo nucifera, and bruguiera gymnorrhiza, etc.
In some embodiments, an overflow buffer member covering the bottom of the funnel shape is disposed at a lower portion of the sedimentation buffer dirt collecting region, the overflow buffer member is in an inverted disk shape, the residual baits and the stools sink to the bottom of the sedimentation buffer dirt collecting region from the periphery of the overflow buffer member through buffering of the overflow buffer member, the overflow buffer member is provided with an overflow pipe leading to the outside of the sedimentation buffer dirt collecting region, and the overflow pipe is opened when pressure in the pipe exceeds a predetermined pressure to discharge the residual baits and the stools to the outside.
The invention can buffer the residual baits and the excrement through designing the overflow sewage buffer part, thereby not only avoiding the situation of hollow accumulation in the sedimentation buffer sewage collection area when the quantity of the residual baits and the excrement is large, but also buffering the impulsive force of the residual baits and the excrement, and being beneficial to the deposition of the residual baits and the excrement. In addition, in order to avoid an influence on a subsequent suspended particulate matter intercepting region while the accumulated residual baits and stools are maintained at a high level, the overflow drain can be opened when the pressure in the drain exceeds a predetermined pressure to discharge the residual baits and the stools to the outside via the overflow buffer and the overflow drain.
At least one benefit of some embodiments of the invention is that: the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological culture system can be operated at low cost, can keep water quality free of pollution and improve culture yield, and meets the requirement of pond culture in the future better. Meanwhile, due to the adoption of an intensive culture mode, most of the water surface of the pond can be designed and beautified in combination with landscape ecological needs, and the functional requirements of leisure fishery are met. The intelligent sea water pond leisure landscape ecological culture system is based on the technology and technology of integration, oxygenation, flow making, sewage collection, water body physical biological purification, ecological three-dimensional culture, leisure entertainment, landscape design and the like, integrates the intercross subjects of pond fishery engineering, marine economic animal breeding biology, landscape ecological design, water quality biological purification and the like, constructs an economical, practical, environment-friendly, high-yield and safe healthy culture mode, and greatly accelerates the change of fishery development modes.
The embodiments of the present invention have been described with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and various changes can be made according to the purpose of the invention, and all changes, modifications, substitutions, combinations or simplifications made according to the spirit and principle of the technical solution of the present invention shall be equivalent substitution ways, so long as the invention is in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, and the technical principle and the inventive concept of the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system of the present invention shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. Intelligent ecological farming systems of sea water pond leisure view, its characterized in that, intelligent ecological farming systems of sea water pond leisure view includes:
the intensive culture area comprises a plurality of intensive culture tanks, each intensive culture tank comprises a feeding opening, and when the amount of the feed in one intensive culture tank is detected to be less than a preset amount based on the variety of organisms cultured in each intensive culture tank, the feed is automatically fed into the intensive culture tank through the feeding openings;
the ecological three-dimensional culture area is used for stocking various culture organisms for constructing ecological balance in different layers, filter feeding seawater fishes are stocked in the middle and upper layers of the ecological three-dimensional culture area, prawns and seawater crabs are stocked in the lower layer of the ecological three-dimensional culture area, and shellfish is stocked at the bottom of the ecological three-dimensional culture area;
the intelligent oxygen increasing device comprises an oxygen increasing device, an oxygen conveying pipe, an air storage tank and an air blower which are sequentially connected, wherein the oxygen increasing device is positioned at the bottoms of the intensive culture tanks, the opening and the closing of the air blower are automatically controlled based on the change of dissolved oxygen in water in the intensive culture area, the intelligent oxygen increasing device further comprises an intelligent emergency oxygen increasing disc, the intelligent emergency oxygen increasing disc is square or cylindrical and is positioned in the intensive culture area, the intelligent emergency oxygen increasing disc is connected with a plurality of oxygen tanks through oxygen increasing valves, and the oxygen increasing valves are automatically started or closed when the change range of the dissolved oxygen in the water in the intensive culture area exceeds a preset range;
a leisure entertainment platform comprising a proximal leisure entertainment platform disposed near the intensive cultivation area and a distal leisure entertainment platform disposed away from the intensive cultivation area, wherein the proximal leisure entertainment platform is a movable leisure entertainment platform and a canvas or a geomembrane arranged with water retaining at the proximal leisure entertainment platform near the intensive cultivation area extends to the water bottom to locally intercept the water body; the remote entertainment platform is provided with a fishing or leisure area, wherein the entertainment platform further comprises a plurality of landscape plant platforms arranged around the entertainment platform, each landscape plant platform comprises a plurality of cement floating barrels, the plurality of cement floating barrels are fixed together to form the landscape plant platform with different shapes, and each of the cement floating barrels comprises a sealing part, and a landscape plant part and an ecological culture part which are respectively arranged above and below the sealing part, the sealing part includes a plurality of penetrating openings in a vertical direction and a sealed hollow portion except the penetrating openings, the landscape plant part is communicated with the ecological cultivation part through the penetrating opening, the landscape plant part is used for cultivating landscape plants, the ecological breeding part is used for stocking filter-feeding seawater fishes, and the bottom of the landscape plant part is provided with a plurality of filtering sand bags and a ceramsite layer positioned above the filtering sand bags;
the water pushing and flow making device is used for keeping the water flow direction of the water body of the seawater pond so as to enable the aquaculture water body to be in a flowing state;
the device comprises a precipitation buffering sewage collection area, a physical filtration device, a seawater pump, a filtering device, a seawater pool, a sewage storage tank, a sewage treatment tank; the lower part of the sedimentation buffering dirt collection area is provided with a dirt overflowing buffering piece covering the funnel-shaped bottom, the dirt overflowing buffering piece is in an inverted disc shape, residual baits and excrement sink to the bottom of the sedimentation buffering dirt collection area from the periphery of the dirt overflowing buffering piece through buffering of the dirt overflowing buffering piece, a dirt overflowing pipe leading to the outside of the sedimentation buffering dirt collection area is arranged on the dirt overflowing buffering piece, and the dirt overflowing pipe is opened when the pressure in the pipe exceeds a preset pressure so as to discharge the residual baits and the excrement to the outside;
the suspended particulate matter intercepting region is internally provided with a movable biological filter material with a large specific surface area so as to intercept suspended particulate matters flowing out of the sedimentation buffering sewage collecting region, collect floccules precipitated on a filter screen cloth at the bottom of the biological filter material and intercept and remove part of the suspended particulate matters, wherein the suspended particulate matter intercepting region comprises a microorganism filtering layer, the microorganism filtering layer comprises a corrosion-resistant and high-strength central backbone structure and polyolefin strands which are interpenetrated and fixed on the central backbone structure, the polyolefin strands are arranged in a three-dimensional radiation manner, and a microorganism film is attached to the polyolefin strands so as to oxidize and decompose organic matters under the aerobic condition; and
a water body purification system, which comprises a seawater aquatic plant purification system, a shellfish purification system and an onshore disinfection purification system,
wherein, intelligent sea water pond leisure view ecological farming systems arranges in tetragonal sea water pond, follows the middle part of a diagonal of sea water pond sets up the breakwater, the one end of breakwater with intensive breed district is connected, intensive breed district is connected to through people's bank of china floating channel quadrilateral edge, ecological three-dimensional breed district sets up the breakwater intensive breed district with one side of the partition structure that people's bank of china floating channel constitutes, water purification system deposit buffering collection dirty district with suspension interception particulate matter district sets up the opposite side of partition structure, and water purification system is including setting up respectively first water purification system and the second water purification system of partition structure both ends department.
2. The intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological aquaculture system of claim 1, wherein the sedimentation buffering dirt collecting area is connected with the suspended particulate matter intercepting area through a baffle plate which is positioned at the bottom of the water body and is 80-100 cm high, so that the aquaculture water body overflows from the upper end of the baffle plate.
3. The intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological aquaculture system of claim 2, wherein the seawater aquatic plant purification system comprises arranging natural seawater algae, crayfish teeth or mangrove on the water surface, the shellfish purification system comprises intercropping oysters and clams in the middle and lower water bodies, and
when the culture water body is low in transparency or contains a large amount of suspended particles, the onshore disinfection and purification system is started to remove the suspended particles in the water body, adjust the water color and disinfect the culture water body; and when the water level of the aquaculture water body is higher or the aquaculture water body needs to be drained to the natural environment around the seawater pond, starting the on-shore disinfection and purification system to drain the water in the water body to the natural environment around the seawater pond.
4. The intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the specifications of the intensive breeding tanks are the same in size, the lengths and the widths are respectively 27 meters and 7 meters, and the water level of the intensive breeding tanks is kept within the range of 1.5 to 2.5 meters.
5. The intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the overall configuration of the intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system is constructed as an overall ecological design landscape.
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