CN201414345Y - Prawn culture purification system - Google Patents

Prawn culture purification system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201414345Y
CN201414345Y CN2009200597445U CN200920059744U CN201414345Y CN 201414345 Y CN201414345 Y CN 201414345Y CN 2009200597445 U CN2009200597445 U CN 2009200597445U CN 200920059744 U CN200920059744 U CN 200920059744U CN 201414345 Y CN201414345 Y CN 201414345Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
ditch
cleaning
biological
pond
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009200597445U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈勇贵
何建国
翁少萍
Original Assignee
中山大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中山大学 filed Critical 中山大学
Priority to CN2009200597445U priority Critical patent/CN201414345Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201414345Y publication Critical patent/CN201414345Y/en

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a prawn culture purification system which comprises a culture pond (4) and a dirt drainage pipe (5). The dirt drainage pipe (5) is connected with the culture pond (4). Theprawn culture purification system is characterized in that: the prawn culture purification system further comprises a biological purification ditch (13), a sand filtration field (12), a filter well (10) and a biological filter tank (9); the dirt drainage pipe (5) is connected with the biological purification ditch (13), the sand filtration field (12) is arranged in the biological purification ditch (13), the bottom part of the sand filtration field (12) is connected with the filter well (10) by a water inlet pipe, the filter well (10) is connected with the biological filter tank (9) by a water pump, and the biological filter tank (9) is connected with the culture pond (4). The prawn culture purification system can recycle a culture water body, reduce drainage of sewage, and lower the probability for causing diseases of prawns. As algae, molluscs and filter feeding fishes are put into the culture pond, the culture economic benefits are increased.

Description

A kind of prawn culturing cleaning system
Technical field
The utility model relates to aquatic animal and propagates the field artificially, particularly a kind of prawn culturing cleaning system of effectively processing and utilizing aquaculture wastewater.
Background technology
The water pollution that aquatic animal is cultured is a serious day by day problem, particularly to the shrimp culture, because it is big to cultivation density in shrimp culture's process, daily ration, feeding quantity is many, metabolic waste is many, breeding water body eutrophication phenomenon is serious day by day, and most prawn culturings field (comprising the pool cultivated and high-elevation breeding pond of soil) is all with the waste water after breeding process and the breed end, refuse is without just directly discharging of any processing, plant and surrounding enviroment and even overall situation are caused certain pollution, so destroyed ecotope, two have increased the possibility of shrimp disease outbreak of epidemic.
At present, the processing for the prawn culturing water generally has following several method: 1) throw in beneficial organism.Such as in shrimp culture pond, throwing in beneficial bacterium, algae and the animals and plants etc. that swim.2) and fish, shellfish etc. are raised together with.3) the sand filtration well filters.4) sedimentation basin post precipitation discharging etc.These methods play a role to the discharging that reduces aquaculture wastewater.But all there is weak point separately in they.Such as: method 1) can reduce solubility oxious component (ammonia nitrogen, nitroso salt etc.) in the breeding water body, but then powerless for the bulky grain suspension; Method 2) can remove part bulky grain suspension, but can't remove the solubility harmful substance in the breeding water body, simultaneously, fish, shellfish itself also will be discharged certain metabolic waste; Method 3) and method 4) can remove most suspended substances, but can not reduce in the breeding water body solubility the evil composition.
Still there is not to take all factors into consideration the situation of the harmful substance of aquaculture wastewater in the purification method of the aquaculture wastewater of current use, the breed cleaning system of pollutants such as the suspension in comprehensively purifying waste water, solubility harmful components.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, designs a kind ofly can effectively filter harmful substance such as solubility oxious component and suspension in the breeding water body, avoids causing the prawn culturing cleaning system of environmental pollution.
To achieve these goals, the utility model comprises following technical characterictic: a kind of prawn culturing cleaning system, comprise the blow-off pipe of culturing the pond and being connected with the breed pond, and also comprise biological cleaning ditch, sand filtration field, screened well and biological filter;
Described blow-off pipe is connected with the biological cleaning ditch, establishes the sand filtration field in the biological cleaning ditch, and bottom, sand filtration field is connected with screened well by water inlet pipe, and screened well links to each other by water pump with the biological filter, and the biological filter is connected with the breed pond.
Further, described sand filtration field comprises fine sand and the coarse sand that lower leaf is provided with; Bottom, sand filtration field is provided with water inlet pipe, and water inlet pipe is provided with the inlet opening, water inlet pipe outsourcing screen pack, and water inlet pipe is connected with screened well.Described biological filter is filled with corallite and/or activated carbon filter layer for be separated into the ditch pond of U type ditch by dividing plate in the described U type ditch.Described biological filter water inlet is provided with into water Buffer Pool, and discharge ends is provided with the water outlet Buffer Pool.Also comprise inlet channel and drain ditch, inlet channel is connected with the water source, and inlet channel is connected with the biological cleaning ditch by inlet gate; Culture the pond and be connected with the drain ditch by emptying gate, the drain ditch is connected with the water source.Culture the middle part, pond and be provided with sewage well, sewage well is connected with the biological cleaning ditch by blow-off pipe.The discharge ends of described biological filter is connected with outlet pipe with water-distributing well successively, and outlet pipe is connected with the breed pond.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following beneficial effect: the utility model can carry out biological cleaning, filtration, purification and three grades of purifications of adsorption cleaning successively to aquaculture wastewater, can effectively filter harmful substance such as solubility oxious component and suspension in the breeding water body.Wherein biological cleaning absorb to be cultured solubility oxious component such as ammonium salt in the sewage that the pond emits by algae, nitrate etc., and can use it for anything else after algae (as the river hedge) results (as abalone bait), biological cleaning is also by the organic granular in filter-feeding shellfish and the filter-feeding fish filter food sewage, part suspension and part harmful substance soluble in water were eliminated when aquaculture wastewater was flowed through organic evolution, had finished the one-level filtration; During filtration, purification, the water body sand filtration field of flowing through, suspended particulate and plankton in the water are filtered, and water quality is further improved, and this is that filter the second level; During adsorption cleaning, the soluble substance some in the water is adsorbed by corallite and activated carbon surface, and a part is grown in the conversion that beneficial bacterium absorbs of corallite and activated carbon surface, and water quality is further purified.The utility model is the reusable edible breeding water body on the one hand, reduce sewage emissions, alleviate the pressure of ecotope, reduction is to aquatile, as the popular possibility of the outbreak of disease of prawn, owing to thrown in algae, shellfish and filter-feeding fish, increase income on the one hand, improved the culturing economic benefit.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a circulating water cultivation pattern diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is a biological filter of the present utility model structural representation;
Fig. 3 is a sand filtration system architecture schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Embodiment
The utility model comprises cultures pond 4, biological cleaning ditch 13, sand filtration field 12 and biological filter 9, and its concrete connected mode is as follows:
Be illustrated in figure 1 as circulating water cultivation pattern diagram of the present utility model, specifically comprise inlet channel 1, inlet channel is connected with the water source, and inlet channel 1 end has inlet gate 11, and inlet gate can be opened a sluice gate into water, can open a sluice gate draining again, and is flexible.Inlet gate 11 leads to biological cleaning ditch 13, is provided with filter sand field 12 in the biological cleaning ditch 13, and bottom, sand field has the filtered water inlet pipe to communicate with screened well 10.Screened well 10 and biological filter 9 link to each other by water pump.So increase precipitation, and help controlling the sewage input of next step purification, guarantee carrying out smoothly of next step aquaculture wastewater.Biological filter 9 discharge ends communicate with water-distributing well 8 and outlet pipe 7.Shrimp culture pond 4 central authorities have sewage well 6 and blow-off pipe 5 to communicate with the biological cleaning ditch.Shrimp culture pond 4 also has emptying gate 3 to communicate with drain ditch 2.Whole system both can cycling use of water, and the different needs of prawn culturing process water body in different phase satisfied in draining flexibly, water inlet again.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of biological filter 9 of the present utility model, has dividing plate 95 that filtering ponds 9 are separated into U type ditch 94 in the biological filter 9, and U type ditch 94 has increased the length that purifies, and also makes easing up of current, has increased the effect of adsorption cleaning.Fill the filter course that corallite and active carbon are formed in the U type ditch 94.U type ditch 94 front ends have into water Buffer Pool 96, end has water outlet Buffer Pool 93, water inlet Buffer Pool 96 and water outlet Buffer Pool 93 have also played the effect to the water body buffering, keep water body in the adsorption cleaning process between the corallite of biological filter 9 and active carbon, slowly to flow, one has guaranteed adsorption effect, make nitrifying bacteria to the abundant digest and decompose of the pollutant of water body, corallite and active carbon fully adsorb, and two have also guaranteed the survival of nitrifying bacteria.Outlet pipe is provided with water-distributing well 92 and outlet pipe 91, and the water body after the purification enters plant by water-distributing well 92 and outlet pipe 91.
Fig. 3 is a sand filtration system architecture schematic diagram of the present utility model.Cross filter sand field 12 from top to bottom layering laying fine sand and coarse sand, bottom, sand field is embedded with water inlet pipe 121, have inlet opening 122 on the water inlet pipe 121, outsourcing screen pack 123, the filter sand effect of fine sand and coarse sand is best, and the obstruction of sand to the inlet opening avoided in the setting of inlet opening 122 and outsourcing screen pack 123.Water body is stored in the screened well 10 after entering water inlet pipe 121 through filter sand, and the seawater after the filtration can enter the further filtration, purification in biological filter through drinking-water pipe and outlet pipe by water pump 124 water lifts and enter in the shrimp culture pond then.The setting that screened well 10 and water pump 124 draw water can increase contamination precipitation in the water body, can control next step adsorption cleaning again, satisfies the inflow requirement of adsorption cleaning process need.
Operation principle of the present utility model is at the existing dissatisfactory situation of single purification pattern effect, has designed three grades of purification filtering patterns.Because big to the cultivation density in shrimp culture's process, daily ration, feeding quantity is many, metabolic waste is many, breeding water body eutrophication phenomenon is serious, thus hereinafter with the prawn culturing sewage purification as specific embodiment.
The aquaculture wastewater in breed of the present utility model pond passes through biological cleaning, filtration, purification and adsorption cleaning after discharging successively, the water body after being purified at last, and capable of circulation the entering of the water body after the purification cultured utilization or directly eliminating in the pond.
According to shown in Figure 1, its concrete steps are: at first be that prawn culturing sewage in the shrimp culture pond 4 enters biological cleaning ditch 13 through sewage well 6 and blow-off pipe 5 and carries out biological cleaning.Put filter-feeding shellfish such as oyster, clam son in the biological cleaning ditch 13 in a suitable place to breed, hang razor clam and mussel etc., with filter-feeding fish such as Tilapia mossambica, rhizome of Chinese monkshood fish, yellowfin porgy, these bioenergys organic granular in the aquaculture wastewater of ingesting, also planting in the biological cleaning ditch 13 has algae, as laver, fragrant plant mentioned in ancient texts, these algae can absorb the solubility oxious component in the sewage that shrimp culture pond emits, as ammonium salt, and nitrate etc.Aquaculture wastewater has obtained purifying for the first time in biological cleaning ditch 13.
Secondly, the water body in the biological cleaning ditch 13 is through sand filtration field 12, because the sand filtration effect, water body enters screened well 10 by the water inlet pipe under the sand filtration field 12.When water body entered screened well 10, the suspension in the seawater, plankton, wild fish shrimp crab and ovum thereof etc. all were filtered.Breeding seawater obtains purifying for the second time.
Then, the water body in the screened well 10 is entered biological filter 9 by the water pump extracting as required the time and carry out adsorption cleaning.Be provided with corallite and active carbon in the biological filter 9, corallite and active carbon adhere to beneficial bacterium seawater are further filtered.Corallite and active carbon can adsorb a large amount of oxious components owing to have huge surface area on the one hand, are beneficial bacterium also on the other hand, as nitrifying bacteria, provide and adhered to the place, and beneficial bacterium can further absorb decomposition with the oxious component in the seawater.So far breeding water body is purified for the third time.
Can get back to repetitive cycling utilization in the shrimp culture pond again through the breeding seawater after three purifications.Owing in whole breeding process, outwards do not discharge aquaculture wastewater, solved a large amount of aquaculture wastewaters to the sea area pollution problem on the one hand, ecological benefits have obtained embodiment; Owing in the biological cleaning ditch, put economic shellfish, fish and marine alga etc. in a suitable place to breed, improved the economic benefit of culturing again on the one hand.

Claims (7)

1, a kind of prawn culturing cleaning system, comprise culture pond (4) and with culture the blow-off pipe (5) that pond (4) is connected, it is characterized in that also comprising biological cleaning ditch (13), sand filtration field (12), screened well (10) and biological filter (9);
Described blow-off pipe (5) is connected with biological cleaning ditch (13), establish sand filtration field (12) in the biological cleaning ditch (13), bottom, sand filtration field (12) is connected with screened well (10) by water inlet pipe, screened well (10) links to each other by water pump with biological filter (9), and biological filter (9) are connected with breed pond (4).
2, prawn culturing cleaning system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described sand filtration field (12) comprises fine sand and the coarse sand that lower leaf is provided with; Bottom, sand filtration field (12) is provided with water inlet pipe (121), and water inlet pipe (121) is provided with inlet opening (122), water inlet pipe (121) outsourcing screen pack (123), and water inlet pipe (121) is connected with screened well (10).
3, prawn culturing cleaning system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described biological filter (9) are filled with corallite and/or activated carbon filter layer for be separated into the ditch pond of U type ditch (94) by dividing plate (95) in the described U type ditch (94).
4, prawn culturing cleaning system according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described biological filter (9) water inlet is provided with into water Buffer Pool (96), and discharge ends is provided with water outlet Buffer Pool (93).
5, according to each described prawn culturing cleaning system of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: also comprise inlet channel (1) and drain ditch (2), inlet channel is connected with the water source, and inlet channel (1) is connected with biological cleaning ditch (13) by inlet gate (11); Culture pond (4) and be connected with drain ditch (2) by emptying gate (3), drain ditch (2) are connected with the water source.
6, according to each described prawn culturing cleaning system of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: culture middle part, pond (4) and be provided with sewage well (6), sewage well (6) is connected with biological cleaning ditch (13) by blow-off pipe (5).
7, according to each described prawn culturing cleaning system of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: the discharge ends of described biological filter (9) is connected with outlet pipe (7) with water-distributing well (8) successively, and outlet pipe (7) is connected with breed pond (4).
CN2009200597445U 2009-07-03 2009-07-03 Prawn culture purification system CN201414345Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200597445U CN201414345Y (en) 2009-07-03 2009-07-03 Prawn culture purification system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200597445U CN201414345Y (en) 2009-07-03 2009-07-03 Prawn culture purification system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201414345Y true CN201414345Y (en) 2010-03-03

Family

ID=41790754

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009200597445U CN201414345Y (en) 2009-07-03 2009-07-03 Prawn culture purification system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201414345Y (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102124972A (en) * 2011-02-18 2011-07-20 山东省淡水水产研究所 Fresh water scale pond ecological breeding system
CN102499131A (en) * 2011-10-20 2012-06-20 莱州明波水产有限公司 Energy-saving factorized fully-sealed seawater circulation culture process method and special device thereof
CN103210876A (en) * 2012-01-20 2013-07-24 韩山师范学院 Low-energy-consumption and zero-pollution-emission high-yield prawn culture method
CN104115778A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-10-29 青岛中科海水处理有限公司 Circulating water high-density culturing system equipment
CN104365514A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-25 陈宏� Industrial aquaculture system for sea eels
CN105123577A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-09 宁波市海洋与渔业研究院 Prawn and sinonovacula-constricta closed circulating culturing system
CN106719271A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-31 西南大学 A kind of pond interior circulation flowing water culture pushes away water-aerating equipment
CN106719144A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-31 西南大学 A kind of method of pond interior circulation flowing water culture
CN107182893A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-22 中国科学院海洋研究所 A kind of circulating water culture system batch (-type) water recovery apparatus and its backwater technique
US10104876B2 (en) 2012-12-18 2018-10-23 Clearwater Seafoods Limited Partnership Emersed shellfish storage

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102124972A (en) * 2011-02-18 2011-07-20 山东省淡水水产研究所 Fresh water scale pond ecological breeding system
CN102499131A (en) * 2011-10-20 2012-06-20 莱州明波水产有限公司 Energy-saving factorized fully-sealed seawater circulation culture process method and special device thereof
CN102499131B (en) * 2011-10-20 2013-03-27 莱州明波水产有限公司 Energy-saving factorized fully-sealed seawater circulation culture process method and special device thereof
CN103210876A (en) * 2012-01-20 2013-07-24 韩山师范学院 Low-energy-consumption and zero-pollution-emission high-yield prawn culture method
US10104876B2 (en) 2012-12-18 2018-10-23 Clearwater Seafoods Limited Partnership Emersed shellfish storage
CN104869818B (en) * 2012-12-18 2018-11-27 加拿大北大西洋海鲜渔业公司 The water outlet of shellfish stores
CN104115778A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-10-29 青岛中科海水处理有限公司 Circulating water high-density culturing system equipment
CN104365514A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-25 陈宏� Industrial aquaculture system for sea eels
CN105123577A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-09 宁波市海洋与渔业研究院 Prawn and sinonovacula-constricta closed circulating culturing system
CN106719271A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-31 西南大学 A kind of pond interior circulation flowing water culture pushes away water-aerating equipment
CN106719144A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-31 西南大学 A kind of method of pond interior circulation flowing water culture
CN107182893A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-22 中国科学院海洋研究所 A kind of circulating water culture system batch (-type) water recovery apparatus and its backwater technique

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Cripps et al. Solids management and removal for intensive land-based aquaculture production systems
Van Rijn The potential for integrated biological treatment systems in recirculating fish culture—a review
McLaughlan et al. Cultivation of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) within their invaded range to improve water quality in reservoirs
CN1284450C (en) Biologic comprehensive culture of composite cages and its special cages
CN101933489B (en) Water circulation system and method for breeding marine fishes inland
CN203492593U (en) South America white shrimp indoor factorization cultivation device
Shpigel et al. A proposed model for “environmentally clean” land-based culture of fish, bivalves and seaweeds
CN101481180B (en) Purification treatment apparatus for pig raising waste liquid
CN103999812B (en) Fish-vegetable symbiotic integration system
Troell et al. Modelling output and retention of suspended solids in an integrated salmon–mussel culture
CN105638515B (en) A kind of ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method
CN106234270B (en) A method of circulation flowing water fish farming system cultivates Penaeus Vannmei
CN203814397U (en) Energy-saving courtyard fancy carp pool
CN202218569U (en) Zero-emission circulatory water breeding system
CN103503820B (en) Circulating water cultivation propagating system of holding concurrently is adopted to impel the method for migration fishes natural propagation
JP2005525801A (en) Aquaculture methods and systems for producing aquatic species
CN101766138B (en) Circulating-water aquaculture system and application thereof
CN107484694B (en) Method and device for ecologically co-culturing caulerpa lentillifera and fishes and shrimps
CN103478055A (en) Indoor industrial penaeus vannamei culture device
CN201801419U (en) Algal-bacterial symbiotic ecological ditch
CN1771798A (en) Purifying system for complefely closed sea water and fresh water fish cultivation
JP2003236317A (en) Aquarium cleaning system
CN101300965A (en) Industrial circulating water aquiculture system
CN1245442A (en) Integrated water treatment system for aquaculture water
CN100519442C (en) Controllable fast reservior blue-green alga bloom eliminating method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100303

Termination date: 20110703