CN108593889A - Movable type pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element collects monitoring device automatically - Google Patents

Movable type pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element collects monitoring device automatically Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108593889A
CN108593889A CN201810534631.XA CN201810534631A CN108593889A CN 108593889 A CN108593889 A CN 108593889A CN 201810534631 A CN201810534631 A CN 201810534631A CN 108593889 A CN108593889 A CN 108593889A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
earth pillar
soil
organic glass
soil box
sampling
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CN201810534631.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李王成
董亚萍
李晨
王双涛
赵研
王兴
王帅
赵自阳
刘学智
王霞
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Ningxia University
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Ningxia University
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Priority to CN201810534631.XA priority Critical patent/CN108593889A/en
Publication of CN108593889A publication Critical patent/CN108593889A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/04Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/24Earth materials

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element to collect monitoring device automatically, belong to soil monitoring field, including water supply installation, earth pillar device and soil box device, earth pillar device side wall different height position is equipped with the first sample connection, first sample connection is connected to the first sampler entrance, and the second sampler for sampling is both provided with below earth pillar bottom of device;Soil box device is internally provided with two layers of second sampling grooves, and the outlet of the second sampling groove is connected to third sampler.The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Water supply is connected in such a way that water supply installation and multiple earth pillar devices and soil box device are by serial or parallel connection to carry out pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element and collect to monitor, compared with single earth pillar device and soil box device, it can be used in after device fine tuning under solute transfer research, soil moisture and ooze research, Contaminants Transport law study, migration of element tracer study, improve its functionality, and washable earth pillar and soil box are used, it is easy to clean.

Description

Movable type pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element collects monitoring device automatically
Technical field:
The present invention relates to soil monitoring fields more particularly to a kind of mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element to receive automatically Monitor set device.
Background technology:
Upper soll layer presses sand as a kind of ancient coverage mode, is a kind of cropping pattern of drought resisting, has 300 in China History for many years.Pressure sandy ground is cobble, gravel and the thickness sand mixture for generating fluviolacustrine deposit or gully impact, is laid on soil Surface, sandstone covers 10~15cm of thickness or so, and to retain and conserve soil moisture, heat-insulation and heat-preservation, preservation of fertility inhibits weeds propagation and widespread, Mitigate disease pest harm, coordinates the soil water, fertilizer, heat, vaporous condition.As pressure sandy ground Planting Years extend, traditional Land use systems make Pressure sandy ground aging even gradually loses its ecological functions, and then has an adverse effect to farmland ecosystem, for pressure sandy ground The research of the problem of sustainable and healthy development becomes more and more important.
It can affect to environment during rock weathering, change geological environment, participation substance recycles, it is complete to influence Fullerenes cycle and weather etc., and then tellurian biology is influenced, therefore the environmental effect of study of rocks weathering is of great significance.Rock Along with element circular in stone efflorescence, the research of the Geochemical Characteristics of element is to understanding that soil forming process, element are followed Ring gauge rule has definite meaning, leaching Precipitation Behavior and its influence of the existing research mainly around element during rock weathering Factor, rock weathering migration of element rule and influence factor, rock weathering Forms of Existence of Elements etc..
Weathering research is always the hot spot of numerous disciplinary studies such as agrology, ecology and environmentology.Rock weathering is whole Block rock becomes loose clast or chemical composition through physics, biology, chemical weathering and changes, and ultimately forms soil. It is a kind of drought resisting planting pattern to press sandy ground, and the fast development of pressure sandy ground industry has driven Arid Area in Central Ningxia regional economy to increase It is long, but long-term pressure sand operation, it results in local pressure sandy ground production capacity and gradually glides, pressure sandy ground fertility declines year by year, field soil Earth element balance is a greater impact.Therefore, Arid Area in Central Ningxia pressure sand gravel waste element is precipitated and moves in the soil The research for moving overall process is beneficial in influence of the slacking to soil quality under pressure emery stick part, and the following adjusting soil to verifying The deficiency of element has great significance, meanwhile, press sand industry sustainable health development to provide for Arid Area in Central Ningxia Scientific theory foundation and the support of land data data.
Eluviation refers to pollutant with infiltration water in the soil along the downward movement of soil vertical section, is that pollutant exists A kind of comprehensive behavior of Adsorption and desorption or distribution between water-soil particle, is mainly influenced by lithology and leaching condition.About molten It is oozed under matter migration, migration of element, soil moisture, the research method device of pollutant invasion research, existing research method is divided into two Major class, when indoor simulation, but field monitoring.Indoor simulation usual means are earth pillar, soil box.
As the utility model patent that notification number is CN203203986U disclose it is a kind of for analyzing soil solute transport Simulated soil columns device is fastened by the segmenting unit of multiple cylinders and is constituted up and down, and each segmenting unit is in same level height It is provided with and enters head piece into head piece and the first outflow port and be configured with the socket bolt that can be blocked, pass through in the first outflow port Nut is equipped with goes out conductance pipe for go out liquid, and the insertion end for going out conductance pipe is enclosed with nylon filter;Uppermost segmentation is single There is micropore to have embedded upper end cover for first top setting;Nethermost segmenting unit bottom is disposed with filter layer and backing Seat, and the sidewall locations corresponding to filter layer are provided with the second outflow port, the second outflow port is equipped with catheter by nut, The insertion end of catheter is enclosed with nylon filter.
For another example the application for a patent for invention of Publication No. CN102608291A discloses a kind of field soil solute transfer system, A kind of leaching, migration and the simulation system for converting situation of solute in the soil under the conditions of being used to study field irrigation is disclosed, The system includes soil box, water system, sampling system, data collecting system and leacheate collection system, the inner wall of the soil box It is equipped with waterproof layer with bottom, soil is inserted in the inside of the soil box;The water system is used to supply water to soil box;The sample train System is for being sampled the solution contained by soil in soil box;The data collecting system is used for different deep in periodic monitor soil box Spend the water content of soil;The leacheate collection system is used to collect the leacheate of soil box bottom.
For another example the patent of invention of Publication No. CN101736716A discloses a kind of soil solute transport large-sized earth pillar series connection Simulator, including water system, Simulated soil columns, sampling system, tandem arrangement, drainage system, data collection and control system; The water system includes water supply peristaltic pump and feed pipe;The Simulated soil columns include multiple large-sized earth pillars;The sampling system Including water sample sample tap, probe tube, sampling pump and sampling container;The tandem arrangement includes series pressurized supply equipment and series connection The feed pipe of multiple large-sized earth pillars, the preferred peristaltic pump of series pressurized supply equipment;Drainage system includes solenoid valve and drainpipe; Data collection and control system includes cable, soil moisture sensor, data acquisition controller and computer.
But it is existing about oozed under solute transfer, migration of element, soil moisture, pollutant invasion research existing for lack Also clearly, such as existing simulating lab test can not real simulation field study object local environment for point;To studied soil Original state has certain disturbance;Without global design, labor workload is big, and experimental precision is to be improved;And existing field trial Cheng Wufa studied in finite time long time integration as a result, field trial influence factor is more, it is not easy to control, it is especially right The research of single influence factor is inconvenient;Existing soil column leaching plant automation degree is not high;Fixation is inflexible irremovable, unpicks and washes not Just;True field soil environment can not be simulated;Earth pillar has a single function, and global design mechanization degree is not high, labor workload compared with Greatly;Boundary effect settling mode is single;Leaching liquor collects accuracy.
Invention content:
For overcome oozed under solute transfer, migration of element, soil moisture in the prior art, that monitoring is collected in pollutant invasion is related Equipment there are the problem of, the present invention provides a kind of mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element to collect monitoring device automatically, Including water supply installation, more than one earth pillar device and more than one soil box device, the output end of the water supply installation and institute The input terminal connection of earth pillar device input terminal, the soil box device is stated, each earth pillar device inner upper is equipped with the first drop Rain device, each soil box device top are equipped with the second rain controller;Earth pillar device side wall different height position is additionally provided with three A the first above sample connection, each first sample connection are connected to a first sampler entrance, the soil Column device bottom is equipped with opening, and is both provided with the second sampler for sampling below each earth pillar bottom of device; Two layers of second sampling grooves are equipped with inside each soil box device, every layer of the second sampling groove outlet is taken by outlet pipe and third Sampling device is connected to.
Water supply is connected to more than one earth pillar device and soil box device using a water supply installation and carries out pressure sand gravel leaching Liquid migration of element collects monitoring, compared with single earth pillar device and soil box device, can be used in solute transfer research, the soil water Research, Contaminants Transport law study, migration of element tracer study are oozed under point, improves its functionality, and use washable soil Column and soil box, it is easy to clean quick.
Preferably, the earth pillar device includes organic glass earth pillar, the first sampling groove, the first bed course, the second bed course and One filter layer, first rain controller are arranged above the organic glass earth pillar, and first sampling groove is evenly distributed on institute It states on organic glass earth pillar side wall at different height, each first sampling groove includes mutually in 120 ° of three the first samplings of section Duan Zucheng often saves first sampling section one end and is connected to another the first sampling of two sections section, and the other end is connected to first sample connection; First bed course and second bed course are distributed up and down to be arranged inside the organic glass earth pillar;And on first bed course Side is arranged for placing pressure sand gravel, first filter layer in second bed course upper surface, and first bed course and institute It states among the first filter layer for placing original-state soil.
Preferably, there are one first sampling groove, original-state soil centre settings for setting above first bed course There are two the first sampling groove described above, the quantity of first sampling groove in the original-state soil is preferably 3.
Preferably, below the organic glass earth pillar bottom opening organic glass is equipped with second sampler centre Funnel.
Preferably, soil box device includes organic glass soil box, the second sampling groove, native gravel layer, gravelstone sublayer and outlet pipe, Second rain controller is arranged above the organic glass soil box, and two layers of second sampling groove is distributed up and down to be arranged described Inside organic glass soil box, and it is native gravel layer positioned at 34 upper surface of the second sampling groove on upper layer, the gravelstone sublayer is set It sets described positioned at 34 upper surface of the second sampling groove of lower layer, and gravelstone sublayer upper surface is for placing undisturbed soil Earth;The section of second sampling groove 34 is rectangle or circle, and outlet is connected to the water outlet pipe.
Preferably, water supply installation includes organic bath of glass bucket, aqueduct, filter, gate valve, peristaltic pump, safety valve, ball valve And flowmeter, organic glass bucket outlet by aqueduct successively with the filter, gate valve, peristaltic pump, safety valve, ball Valve is connected with flowmeter, and the flowmeter outlet is connected to the earth pillar device and the soil box device respectively by aqueduct.
Preferably, the organic glass bucket quantity is 3 or more, and each organic glass bucket exit is equipped with electromagnetism Valve is connected by four-way connection or four-way with top connection and the conduit positioned at the filter input terminal at the electromagnetic valve outlet It is logical;The discharging valve exit is equipped with pressure-regulating valve, and the pressure-regulating valve outlet is filled with the earth pillar respectively by conduit It sets and is connected to the soil box device;The organic glass bucket upper side is equipped with plexiglass cover.
Preferably, organic glass interior of bucket bottom surface is equipped with third filter layer.
Preferably, universal there are one being all provided with below the earth pillar device, the soil box device and the organic glass bucket Movable supporting frame device, the universal movable supporting frame device include movable expanding retort stand and universal wheel, described removable Flexible retort stand is fixed on the earth pillar device, the soil box device and the organic glass bucket, and described move is stretched Contracting retort stand bottom is equipped with universal wheel.
Preferably, more than one described earth pillar device parallel connection forms earth pillar device group, the water supply installation output end and one A soil box device and an earth pillar device group connection.
Preferably, a soil box device and earth pillar device group form a collection monitoring unit, described in two or more Monitoring unit is collected to be connected to the water supply installation output end by way of in parallel or series.
Preferably, the water supply installation is equipped with aqueduct at the earth pillar device and the soil box device link position Pressure-regulating valve.
In groups by earth pillar and soil box parallel connection, pressure-regulating valve is arranged in front aqueduct, and one group in a manner of in parallel or series In groups, vertical direction rule can only be studied by solving single earth pillar, reduce Boundary Effect problem, be solved when different quality is handled to soil The residual contaminants problem that earth is brought solves inconvenience when multifactoral study.
In groups by earth pillar and soil box parallel connection, and it is multigroup in a manner of in parallel or series in groups, formed automation multiposition prison Examining system solves personal monitoring's adverse effect inaccurate to the destruction of soil, sampling etc., reduces the work in experimentation Amount.
Preferably, the automatic collection monitoring device further includes filling device, and the filling device includes that top is banketed section Go out soil section with lower part, section is banketed on the top and to go out soil section be cylinder for lower part, and the banket radius of section of the top is more than The lower part goes out soil section and up and down in being smoothly connected, section upper surface is banketed as 45 ° of chamfered entrances in the top, and the lower part is unearthed Section is to tamp round exit.
Preferably, a universal movable supporting frame device is fixed with around the filling device.
Filling device is filled using mobile gimbal mounting group (band connection fixes earth pillar soil box structure) mating shoveling, it is living Convenient, fast simple, economic security.
Preferably, first rain controller include the first solenoid valve, the first plastic flexible pipe, the first canopy, the first small fan, First rain sieves and pin hole device, first support, the first canopy entrance are connect by the first plastic flexible pipe with the aqueduct, institute It states the first canopy bottom to be fixed on the earth pillar device by the first support, first solenoid valve is mounted on described the On one plastic flexible pipe, the first rain sieve and pin hole device are mounted at the first canopy outlet at bottom, first small fan Inside first canopy.
Preferably, second rain controller include second solenoid valve, the second plastic flexible pipe, the second canopy, the second small fan, Second rain sieves and pin hole device, second support, the second canopy entrance are connect by the second plastic flexible pipe with the aqueduct, institute It states the second canopy bottom to be fixed on the soil box device by the second support, the second solenoid valve is mounted on described the On two plastic flexible pipes, the second rain sieve and pin hole device are mounted at the second canopy outlet at bottom, second small fan Inside second canopy.
By making rainer by oneself, solves the accuracy that monitoring data are improved to rainfall and the state modulator poured water; And the combination of peristaltic pump and pressure-regulating valve, can current stabilization quantitatively pour water, simulated rainfall.
Preferably, the earth pillar is by being embedded in underground or being partly embedded on the ground, and is realized and sampled by micro pump.Whole dress It sets and is embedded in underground or partly buries, vaporising device is simulated by the control of temperature and demeanour, builds soil true environment, improves simulation Precision solves the problems, such as that indoor simulation evaporation is inaccurate.
Preferably, the organic glass soil box and organic glass earth pillar use double-layer structure, and interlayer, which is placed, collects leaching liquor Device, i.e. the first sample connection and the second sample connection, it is inconvenient to solve the problems, such as to sample when earth pillar soil box is embedded in underground.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1) water supply is connected to more than one earth pillar device and soil box device using a water supply installation and carries out pressure gravel urolithiasis Monitoring is collected in solution elements migration, compared with single earth pillar device and soil box device, can be used in solute transfer research, soil Research, Contaminants Transport law study, migration of element tracer study are oozed under moisture, improve its functionality, and using washable Earth pillar and soil box, it is easy to clean quick.
(2) in groups by earth pillar and soil box parallel connection, pressure-regulating valve is arranged in front aqueduct, and one group with side in parallel or series In groups, vertical direction rule can only be studied to formula by solving single earth pillar, reduce Boundary Effect problem, solve to give when different quality processing The residual contaminants problem that soil is brought solves inconvenience when multifactoral study.In groups by earth pillar and soil box parallel connection, and it is multigroup In a manner of in parallel or series in groups, it forms automation multiposition and monitors system, solve personal monitoring to the destruction of soil, sampling not Accurately equal adverse effect, reduces the workload in experimentation.
(3) using the mating shoveling filling soil dress of mobile gimbal mounting group (band connection fixes earth pillar soil box structure) It sets, convenient, fast simple, economic security living.
(4) it by making rainer by oneself, solves to rainfall and the state modulator poured water, improves the accurate of monitoring data Degree;And the combination of peristaltic pump and pressure-regulating valve, can current stabilization quantitatively pour water, simulated rainfall.
(5) this monitoring device have device in groups in groups, collection mode is novel, packaged type design, indoor crop field Using several features such as, integral designs, wherein device is embodied in groups in groups according to practical study situation, and optional series connection/simultaneously Join earth pillar soil box group;Collection mode novelty is embodied in the micro- gradient of self-control and collects diversion trench, accelerates collection efficiency;Packaged type designs The floor-engaging frame of use installs universal wheel;Indoor crop field can be used it is i.e. indoor use single layer earth pillar, and the outdoor double-deck earth pillar;It is whole Formula design is embodied in complete from excavation and filling to sampling monitoring.
Description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is that preferably mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element collects monitoring device schematic diagram to the present invention automatically One;
Fig. 2 is that preferably mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element collects monitoring device schematic diagram to the present invention automatically Two;
Fig. 3 is the present invention preferably water supply installation structure chart;
Fig. 4 is the present invention preferably organic glass bucket stereogram;
Fig. 5 is the present invention preferably earth pillar device internal structure chart;
Fig. 6 is the present invention preferably earth pillar device external structure;
Fig. 7 is the present invention preferably the first sampling groove structure chart;
Fig. 8 is the present invention preferably soil box device internal structure chart;
Fig. 9 is the present invention preferably the first rain controller structure chart;
Figure 10 is the present invention preferably the second rain controller structure chart;
Figure 11 is the present invention preferably universal movable supporting frame structure drawing of device one;
Figure 12 is the present invention preferably universal movable supporting frame structure drawing of device two;
Figure 13 is the present invention preferably earth pillar filling device structure chart;
Figure 14 is the present invention preferably soil box filling device structure chart;
Figure 15 is that preferably mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element collects monitoring device schematic diagram to the present invention automatically Three;
Figure 16 is the present invention preferably half buried sampling method schematic diagram one;
Figure 17 is the present invention preferably half buried sampling method schematic diagram two;
Figure 18 is the present invention preferably half buried sampling method schematic diagram three.
Specific implementation mode:
With reference to embodiments and attached drawing, the present invention will be described in further detail.It should be appreciated that described herein Specific examples are only used to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, it includes water supply installation that mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element collects monitoring device automatically 1, more than one earth pillar device 2 and more than one soil box device 3, the output end of the water supply installation 1 are filled with the earth pillar The input terminal connection of 2 input terminals, the soil box device 3 is set, each 2 inner upper of earth pillar device is equipped with the first rain controller 4, 3 top of each soil box device is equipped with the second rain controller 5;2 side wall different height position of the earth pillar device is additionally provided with three The the first above sample connection 21, each first sample connection 21 are connected to 22 entrance of the first sampler, institute It states 2 bottom of earth pillar device and is equipped with opening, and each 2 bottom part down of earth pillar device is both provided with the second sampling for sampling Device 23;Two layers of second sampling grooves 34 are equipped with inside each soil box device 3, every layer of the second sampling groove 34 outlet passes through Water pipe 31 is connected to third sampler 32.Confession is connected to more than one earth pillar device and soil box device using a water supply installation Water carries out pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element and collects monitoring, compared with single earth pillar device and soil box device, can be used in Research, Contaminants Transport law study, migration of element tracer study are oozed under solute transfer research, soil moisture, improves its work( Energy property, and washable earth pillar and soil box are used, it is easy to clean quick.
Referring to Fig. 5-7, earth pillar device 2 includes organic glass earth pillar 24, the first sampling groove 25, the first bed course 26, second pad Layer 27 and the first filter layer 28, first rain controller 4 are arranged above the organic glass earth pillar 24, first sampling groove 25 are evenly distributed on 24 side wall of organic glass earth pillar at different height, and each first sampling groove 25 includes mutually being in 120 ° of three the first sampling of section sections 251 form, and often save first sampling 251 one end of section and are connected to another the first sampling of two sections section 251, separately One end is connected to first sample connection 21;First bed course 26 and the distribution of about 27 second bed course are arranged described Inside organic glass earth pillar 24;And 26 top of the first bed course is set for placing pressure sand gravel 29, first filter layer 28 It sets in 27 upper surface of the second bed course, and is used to place undisturbed soil among first bed course 26 and first filter layer 28 Earth 30.
There are one first sampling grooves 25 for first bed course, 26 top setting, and there are two 30 centre settings of the original-state soil The quantity of first sampling groove 25 described above, first sampling groove 25 in the original-state soil 30 is preferably 3.
Below 24 bottom opening of organic glass earth pillar organic glass funnel is equipped with second sampler, 23 centre 231。
Referring to Fig. 8, soil box device 3 includes organic glass soil box 33, the second sampling groove 34, native gravel layer 35, gravelstone sublayer 36 and outlet pipe 31, second rain controller 5 is arranged above the organic glass soil box 33, two layers of second sampling groove 34 Distribution is arranged inside the organic glass soil box 33 up and down, and is native gravel positioned at 34 upper surface of the second sampling groove on upper layer Rock layers 35, the gravelstone sublayer 36 is arranged described positioned at 34 upper surface of the second sampling groove of lower layer, and the handstone 36 upper surface of layer are for placing original-state soil 30;The section of second sampling groove 34 be rectangle or circle, outlet and institute State the connection of water outlet pipe 31.
Ginseng is seen figures 3 and 4, and water supply installation 1 includes organic bath of glass bucket 11, aqueduct 12, filter 13, gate valve 14, wriggles Pump 15, safety valve 16, ball valve 17 and flowmeter 18, the outlet of organic glass bucket 11 by aqueduct 12 successively with the mistake Filter 13, gate valve 14, peristaltic pump 15, safety valve 16, ball valve 17 and flowmeter 18 connect, and the outlet of the flowmeter 18 passes through water guide Pipe 12 is connected to the earth pillar device 2 and the soil box device 3 respectively.
11 quantity of organic glass bucket is 3 or more, and each 11 exit of organic glass bucket is equipped with solenoid valve 111, 111 exit of the solenoid valve is by four-way connection 121 or four-way with top connection and leading positioned at 13 input terminal of the filter Pipe is connected to;18 exit of the flowmeter is equipped with pressure-regulating valve 181, and the outlet of the pressure-regulating valve 181 is distinguished by conduit It is connected to the earth pillar device 2 and the soil box device 3;11 upper side of organic glass bucket is equipped with plexiglass cover 112.
11 inner bottom surface of organic glass bucket is equipped with third filter layer 113.
Referring to Fig. 4,11 and 12, there are one earth pillar device 2, soil box device 3 and the lower section of the organic glass bucket 11 are all provided with Universal movable supporting frame device 6, the universal movable supporting frame device 6 include movable expanding retort stand 61 and universal wheel 62, The movable expanding retort stand 61 is fixed on the earth pillar device 2, the soil box device 3 and the organic glass bucket 11 On, and 61 bottom of movable expanding retort stand is equipped with universal wheel 62.
As shown in figure 15, more than one described earth pillar device 2 is in parallel forms earth pillar device group 7, and the water supply installation 1 exports End is connected to a soil box device 3 and an earth pillar device group 7.One of earth pillar device group 17 preferred in parallel 6 A earth pillar device 2.
One soil box device 3 and an earth pillar device group 7 form a collection monitoring unit 71, more than two collections Monitoring unit 71 is connected to by way of in parallel or series with 1 output end of the water supply installation.Wherein Fig. 1 is parallel-connection structure figure, Fig. 2 is tandem junction composition.
As shown in figure 3, at water supply installation 1 and the earth pillar device 2 and 3 link position of soil box device on aqueduct 12 Equipped with pressure-regulating valve 181.In groups by earth pillar and soil box parallel connection, pressure-regulating valve is arranged in front aqueduct, and one group with parallel connection Or series system is in groups, vertical direction rule can only be studied by solving single earth pillar, reduce Boundary Effect problem, solve different quality The residual contaminants problem brought to soil when processing solves inconvenience when multifactoral study.By earth pillar and soil box and it is unified into Group, and it is multigroup in a manner of in parallel or series in groups, formed automation multiposition monitor system, solve personal monitoring soil is broken The adverse effect bad, sampling is inaccurate etc., reduces the workload in experimentation.
As shown in Figs. 13 and 14, it further includes earth pillar filling device 8 and soil box filling device 9, institute to collect monitoring device automatically State that earth pillar filling device 8 including earth pillar top bankets section 81 and earth pillar lower part goes out soil section 82, the earth pillar top is banketed 81 He of section It is cylinder that earth pillar lower part, which goes out soil section 82, and the banket radius of section 81 of the earth pillar top goes out soil section more than the earth pillar lower part 82 and up and down in being smoothly connected, the earth pillar top 81 upper surface of section of banketing is 45 ° of chamfered entrances 811 of earth pillar, under the earth pillar It is to tamp round exit 821 that portion, which goes out soil section 82,.
The soil box filling device 9 bankets section 91 including soil box top and soil box lower part goes out soil section 92, the soil box top Section of banketing 91 be cylinder, soil box lower part go out soil section 92 be cuboid, and the soil box top banket section 91 radius be less than institute It states soil box lower part and goes out 92 length of side of soil section, 91 upper surface of section is banketed as 45 ° of chamfered entrances 911 of soil box in the soil box top.
A universal movable supporting frame device 6 is fixed with around earth pillar filling device 8 and soil box filling device 9.Using The mating shoveling of mobile gimbal mounting group (band connection fixes earth pillar soil box structure) fills filling device, convenient, fast letter living Single, economic security.
As shown in Figures 9 and 10, the first rain controller 4 include the first solenoid valve 41, the first plastic flexible pipe 42, the first canopy 43, First small fan 44, the first rain sieve and pin hole device 45, first support 46,43 entrance of the first canopy pass through the first plastic flexible pipe 42 connect with the aqueduct 12, and 43 bottom of the first canopy is fixed on the earth pillar device 2 by the first support 45 On, first solenoid valve 41 is mounted on first plastic flexible pipe 42, and the first rain sieve and pin hole device 45 are mounted on institute It states at 43 outlet at bottom of the first canopy, first small fan 44 is mounted on inside first canopy 43.
Second rain controller 5 includes second solenoid valve 51, the second plastic flexible pipe 52, the second canopy 53, the second small fan 54, the Two rain sieve and pin hole device 55, second support 56, and 53 entrance of the second canopy passes through the second plastic flexible pipe 52 and the aqueduct 12 connections, 53 bottom of the second canopy are fixed on by the second support 55 on the soil box device 3, second electromagnetism Valve 51 is mounted on second plastic flexible pipe 52, and the second rain sieve and pin hole device 55 are mounted on 53 bottom of the second canopy Exit, second small fan 54 are mounted on inside second canopy 53.By making rainer by oneself, solve to rainfall With the state modulator poured water, the accuracy of monitoring data is improved;And the combination of peristaltic pump and pressure-regulating valve, can current stabilization it is fixed Amount is poured water, simulated rainfall.
When external monitor out of office, it can be used and earth pillar device and soil box device are embedded in underground or are partly embedded on the ground, in this way, this When, organic glass soil box and organic glass earth pillar use double-layer structure, below by taking the half of earth pillar device buried structure as an example, introduce Three kinds of half buried sampling structure schematic diagrames of earth pillar device.
As shown in figure 16, earth pillar device 2 includes organic glass earth pillar 24, the first sample connection 21, the first plastic flexible pipe A heatable adobe sleeping platform being adapted with the organic glass earth pillar 24 is first dug out, then in ground 242 by 211, the first micro pump 241 Make the landfill of organic glass earth pillar 24 half on ground 242, and there are equidistant gap, institute in 24 side of organic glass earth pillar It states and is evenly distributed with multiple first sample connections 21, first plastic flexible pipe 211 1 on 24 side wall of organic glass earth pillar End is connected to by first sample connection 21 with 24 inside of the organic glass earth pillar, and it is miniature that the other end is mounted on described first On water pump 241, for the water on the organic glass earth pillar 24 to be transported in the first sampler 22.
As shown in figure 17, as a preferred embodiment, earth pillar device 2 takes including organic glass earth pillar 24, first Sample interface 21 and the first plastic flexible pipe 211 first dig out ground 242 one bigger than 24 radius of organic glass earth pillar more Then heatable adobe sleeping platform makes the landfill of organic glass earth pillar 24 half on ground 242, is filled out in 24 side periphery of organic glass earth pillar Soil loading, and make nearby to form circular ring structure 243 around the organic glass earth pillar 24, in the first sample connection 21 and the modeling One section of diversion trench 212 is added between material hose 211, and its 211 output end of the first plastic flexible pipe is connected with sampling rack and sampling Bottle 242.
As shown in figure 18, as a preferred embodiment, its in the embodiment in fig. 17, by sampling rack and sampling Bottle 242 is replaced with the first micro pump 241.
Half buried sampling structure of soil box device with above-mentioned earth pillar device half buried sampling structure, here just no longer It repeats.
Earth pillar is realized by micro pump and is sampled by being embedded in underground or being partly embedded on the ground.Single unit system is embedded in underground Or partly bury, vaporising device is simulated by the control of temperature and demeanour, builds soil true environment, improves simulation precision, is solved Indoor simulation evaporates inaccurate problem.
Organic glass soil box and organic glass earth pillar use double-layer structure, and interlayer, which is placed, collects leaching liquid device, i.e., and first Sample connection and the second sample connection, it is inconvenient to solve the problems, such as to sample when earth pillar soil box is embedded in underground.And the organic glass The graduation mark for metering is equipped on the outside of soil box, organic glass earth pillar and the organic glass bucket.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention has shown and described in above description, as previously described, it should be understood that the present invention is not office Be limited to form disclosed herein, be not to be taken as excluding other embodiments, and can be used for various other combinations, modification and Environment, and can be changed by the above teachings or related fields of technology or knowledge in the scope of the invention is set forth herein It is dynamic.And changes and modifications made by those skilled in the art do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention, then it all should be appended by the present invention In scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element collects monitoring device automatically, which is characterized in that filled including supplying water It sets, more than one earth pillar device and more than one soil box device, the output end of the water supply installation and the earth pillar device The input terminal connection of input terminal, the soil box device, each earth pillar device inner upper are equipped with the first rain controller, Mei Gesuo It states and is equipped with the second rain controller above soil box device;Earth pillar device side wall different height position is additionally provided with the first of three or more Sample connection, each first sample connection are connected to a first sampler entrance, and the earth pillar bottom of device is set There is opening, and the second sampler for sampling is both provided with below each earth pillar bottom of device;Each soil box Two layers of second sampling grooves are equipped with inside device, every layer of the second sampling groove outlet is connected to by outlet pipe with third sampler.
2. mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element according to claim 1 collects monitoring device, feature automatically It is, the earth pillar device includes organic glass earth pillar, the first sampling groove, the first bed course, the second bed course and the first filter layer, institute It states the first rain controller to be arranged above the organic glass earth pillar, first sampling groove is evenly distributed on the organic glass soil On column side wall at different height, each first sampling groove includes mutually often being saved in 120 ° of three section the first sampling section compositions First sampling section one end is connected to another the first sampling of two sections section, and the other end is connected to first sample connection;First pad Layer and second bed course are distributed up and down to be arranged inside the organic glass earth pillar;And for placing above first bed course Sand gravel is pressed, the first filter layer setting is in second bed course upper surface, and first bed course is filtered with described first Layer is intermediate for placing original-state soil.
3. mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element according to claim 2 collects monitoring device, feature automatically It is, organic glass funnel is equipped with second sampler centre below the organic glass earth pillar bottom opening.
4. mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element according to claim 1 collects monitoring device, feature automatically It is, soil box device includes organic glass soil box, the second sampling groove, native gravel layer, gravelstone sublayer and outlet pipe, second drop Rain device is arranged above the organic glass soil box, and two layers of second sampling groove is distributed setting in organic glass soil up and down Inside slot, and it is native gravel layer positioned at second sampling groove upper surface on upper layer, the gravelstone sublayer setting is located at described Second sampling groove upper surface of lower layer, and gravelstone sublayer upper surface is for placing original-state soil;Second sampling The section of slot is rectangle or circle, and outlet is connected to the water outlet pipe.
5. mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element according to claim 1 collects monitoring device, feature automatically It is, water supply installation includes organic bath of glass bucket, aqueduct, filter, gate valve, peristaltic pump, safety valve, ball valve and flowmeter, Organic glass bucket outlet by aqueduct successively with the filter, gate valve, peristaltic pump, safety valve, ball valve and flow Meter connection, the flowmeter outlet are connected to the earth pillar device and the soil box device respectively by aqueduct.
6. mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element according to claim 5 collects monitoring device, feature automatically It is, the organic glass bucket quantity is 3 or more, and each organic glass bucket exit is equipped with solenoid valve, the electricity Magnet valve exit is connected to top connection with the conduit positioned at the filter input terminal by four-way connection or four-way;The flow Count exit and be equipped with pressure-regulating valve, pressure-regulating valve outlet by conduit respectively with the earth pillar device and the soil box Device is connected to;The organic glass bucket upper side is equipped with plexiglass cover.
7. mobile pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element according to claim 6 collects monitoring device, feature automatically It is, organic glass interior of bucket bottom surface is equipped with third filter layer.
8. pressing sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element to collect monitoring dress automatically according to claim 1-7 any one of them movable types Set, which is characterized in that be all provided with below the earth pillar device, the soil box device and the organic glass bucket there are one it is universal can Mobile holder device, the universal movable supporting frame device include movable expanding retort stand and universal wheel, and described move is stretched Contracting retort stand is fixed on the earth pillar device, the soil box device and the organic glass bucket, and the movable expanding Retort stand bottom is equipped with universal wheel.
9. pressing sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element to collect monitoring dress automatically according to claim 1-7 any one of them movable types It sets, which is characterized in that more than one described earth pillar device parallel connection forms earth pillar device group, the water supply installation output end and one The soil box device and an earth pillar device group connection.
10. pressing sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element to collect monitoring dress automatically according to claim 1-7 any one of them movable types It sets, which is characterized in that a soil box device and an earth pillar device group form a collection monitoring unit, more than two receipts Monitor set unit is connected to by way of in parallel or series with the water supply installation output end.
CN201810534631.XA 2018-05-25 2018-05-25 Movable type pressure sand gravel leaching liquor migration of element collects monitoring device automatically Pending CN108593889A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110133230A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-08-16 华中科技大学 A kind of multistage earth pillar leaching system and its Leaching Experiments method based on feedback control

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110133230A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-08-16 华中科技大学 A kind of multistage earth pillar leaching system and its Leaching Experiments method based on feedback control

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