CN108541847A - A kind of raw squeezing drinks and preparation method of enrichment anthocyanidin - Google Patents

A kind of raw squeezing drinks and preparation method of enrichment anthocyanidin Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108541847A
CN108541847A CN201810203284.2A CN201810203284A CN108541847A CN 108541847 A CN108541847 A CN 108541847A CN 201810203284 A CN201810203284 A CN 201810203284A CN 108541847 A CN108541847 A CN 108541847A
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China
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black box
juice
box tracing
fruit juice
quick
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CN201810203284.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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高飞
陈静
佟雨奇
李连宏
陆禹锡
孟宪军
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辽宁康倍生物科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201810203284.2A priority Critical patent/CN108541847A/en
Publication of CN108541847A publication Critical patent/CN108541847A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L2/00Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation
    • A23L2/02Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation containing fruit or vegetable juices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L2/00Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation
    • A23L2/42Preservation of non-alcoholic beverages
    • A23L2/50Preservation of non-alcoholic beverages by irradiation or electric treatment without heating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L2/00Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation
    • A23L2/52Adding ingredients
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L33/00Modifying nutritive qualities of foods; Dietetic products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L33/10Modifying nutritive qualities of foods; Dietetic products; Preparation or treatment thereof using additives
    • A23L33/105Plant extracts, their artificial duplicates or their derivatives

Abstract

The invention belongs to drinks processing technique fields, and in particular to a kind of raw squeezing drinks and preparation method of enrichment anthocyanidin.Sodium alginate and calcium chloride interact shell of the calcium alginate to be formed as quick-fried pearl, wrap up the Black Box Tracing fruit juice that juice in the quick-fried pearl in it is sugaring;Composite fruit juice is made as raw material using five kinds of Black Box Tracing, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and grape berries.Black Box Tracing has reached following advantageous effect with the compounding of other berries and using quick-fried pearl processing technology and high voltage pulsation electric-field sterilizing tech:Selection is novel, unique in taste, full of nutrition, simple for process, with short production cycle, shelf life is long;The content that Black Box Tracing in beverage is improved using quick-fried pearl processing technology, is increased the stability of anthocyanin, overcomes the processing disadvantage of the strong astringent taste of Black Box Tracing low sugar strong acid;High-pressure pulse electric sterilization, polyphenol substance and vitamin retention rate are up to 87% or so, are better than heat sterilization mode.

Description

A kind of raw squeezing drinks and preparation method of enrichment anthocyanidin
Technical field
The invention belongs to drinks processing technique fields, and in particular to a kind of enrichment anthocyanidin it is raw squeeze drinks and Preparation method.
Background technology
Black Box Tracing, also referred to as the wild cherry certain kind of berries, the not old certain kind of berries, are rose family gland Aronia, originate in north America region, be me The novel small berries fruit tree of state.Black Box Tracing is a kind of black-and-blue berry of circle, and sugar content is low, it is sour and carry astringent taste. Black Box Tracing is rich in multiple nutritional components and bioactive substance, and wherein polyphenol substance total content is 1850-2200mg/ The total amount of 100g, wherein anthocyanidin and its glucoside compound, flavonoids and its glycoside compound, phenolic acid and procyanidine is distinguished For 580-820mg/100g, 22-32mg/100g, 210-270mg/100g and 1000-1100mg/100g, additionally contain there are many There are organic acid, vitamin, triterpenes and phytosterin compound etc..Polyphenol substance content in Black Box Tracing fruit is located at it Head has anti-oxidant, prevention cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, anti-aging, anticancer, blood pressure lowering, drop far above blueberry, raspberry, grape etc. A variety of physiological actions such as blood glucose, protection eyesight.Seldom occurs Black Box Tracing converted products in China market at present, with big Family will have prodigious market development foreground to the understanding of its nutritional ingredient and pharmacological action, converted products.
Quick-fried pearl is a kind of novel foods processing technique, wraps up in the film fruit juice with special technique, is produced in mouth Raw unique sense of touch makes product have interesting, increase product variety.Most of quick-fried pearl taste occurred currently on the market is Active probiotic is also wrapped in quick-fried pearl by common fruit fruity.The common preparation method of quick-fried pearl using drop at Fruit juice is instilled molding in sol solution, cleaning, sterilization by type machine, you can.Current quick-fried pearl production equipment has been successfully applied to excellent In the dairy products such as yogurt, milk tea, Yoghourt, it can also be further expanded according to the products characteristics of quick-fried pearl, application range.
High-voltage pulse electric field technology is a kind of nom-thermal sterilization technology.High-voltage pulse electric field technology is to utilize high intensity pulses The cell membrane of electric field momentary breakdown microorganism is sterilized using high potential rather than electric current.The temperature of the technology sterilization process is low, can Overcome and add thermally-sterilized defect, protects the nutritional ingredient of thermal sensitivity.High-voltage pulse electric field technology can realize that the safety of product is steady Fixed, and can guarantee the quality of product, high-voltage pulse electric field technology, which produces fruit juice, has a Fresh Juice quality, and shelf life length Product.There is research to state, high voltage pulsation electric-field sterilizing tech handles blueberry juice, and bactericidal effect is good, when treatment conditions are 30kV/ Total plate count logarithm drops to 0.85 by 3.26 when cm, 60 μ s, and sterilizing rate meets the state of commercial sterilization 99% or more (GB19297-2010);When treatment conditions are 35kV/cm, 60 μ s, can't detect microorganism in blueberry juice.
Currently, Black Box Tracing concerned drink product is less in China market, most of is reduction concentrated type fruit juice, and And people change beverage consumption idea, are changed into nutrient health by past emphasis mouthfeel.Traditional beverage production is killed What collarium section used is heat sterilization technology mostly, and compared with nom-thermal sterilization technology, nutriment destroys larger, processing time The features such as length, big energy-consuming, non-heating power high voltage pulsation electric-field sterilizing tech have superiority, can improve these problems.In berry Polyphenol substance, especially anthocyanin stability is not high, is easily illuminated by the light, the influence of the factors such as temperature, oxygen concentration.
It would therefore be highly desirable to study the production work of the quick-fried pearl berry composite functional beverage containing Black Box Tracing in many aspects Skill, interesting high, the full of nutrition, good mouthfeel of production, functional diversified novel Black Box Tracing beverage.
Invention content
In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of the raw of enrichment anthocyanidin to squeeze drinks and preparation side Method, produce enrichment anthocyanidin, high Black Box Tracing content, low astringent taste functional beverage.
The invention is realized in this way providing a kind of raw preparation method for squeezing drinks of enrichment anthocyanidin, packet first Include following steps:
1) it selects and cleans:Select Black Box Tracing, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and the grape of freezing, hand picking removal It goes mouldy, damaged particle, is rinsed well later with clear water;
2) it squeezes the juice, digest and filters:Freezing Black Box Tracing, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and grape after cleaning are placed Low temperature thaws under 0-4 DEG C of environment, then is respectively put into juice extractor and squeezes;Distinguish water enzyme digestion for a period of time after squeezing;By enzyme Fruit juice after solution takes supernatant to be stored for future use at 4 DEG C respectively in 4 DEG C, 4000r/min centrifugal filtration 15min;
3) preparation of the quick-fried pearl of Black Box Tracing:In mass ratio by filtered Black Box Tracing fruit juice and white granulated sugar 5:After 1 ratio mixed dissolution, then it is 1 by volume:1-2:The alginic acid that 1 ratio addition mass fraction is 1.0-2.0% Sodium solution stirs evenly, and is instilled in 2% calcium chloride solution and is molded using drop molding machine, is pulled out after solidification 10-30s quick-fried Quick-fried pearl, cleaning are spare;
4) allotment of composite fruit juice:In mass ratio, the Black Box Tracing of 15-25% is taken to give birth to the indigo plant of squeezed juice, 5-15% The certain kind of berries gives birth to grape life squeezed juice, the 6- of squeezed juice, the raspberry life squeezed juice of 5-15%, the strawberry life squeezed juice of 5-15%, 10-20% The water mixing of 10% white granulated sugar and 20-50%;Mixing in fruit juice is added in additive;
5) homogeneous:There is pulp precipitation by homogenization, to prevent fruit juice in deployed fruit juice, and 4 DEG C of placements are standby after homogeneous With;
6) it sterilizes:The quick-fried pearl prepared is added in composite fruit juice, is sterilized in high-pressure pulse electric, electric-field strength Degree is 30-40kV/cm, and processing time is 60-90 μ s;
7) filling:After the completion of sterilization, by the filling finished product of composite fruit juice of the quick-fried pearl containing Black Box Tracing.
Further, in the step 2), the enzymatic hydrolysis condition of Black Box Tracing be added 0.1% cellulase and Constant temperature digests 2h at 0.08% 20 DEG C of pectase;The enzymatic hydrolysis condition of blueberry is that 0.08% cellulase and 0.04% pectase is added Constant temperature digests 2.5h at 16 DEG C;The enzymatic hydrolysis condition of raspberry is that constant temperature at 12 DEG C of 0.05% pectase is added to digest 4h;The enzyme of strawberry Solution condition digests 30min for constant temperature at 28 DEG C of 0.03% cellulase of addition, 0.06% protease and 0.08% pectase;Grape Enzymatic hydrolysis condition be added 24 DEG C of 0.04% pectase at constant temperature digest 50min.
Further, the potassium sorbate that the additive in the step 4) is 0.01%.
According to another aspect of the present invention, it provides the raw of enrichment anthocyanidin prepared according to the method described above and squeezes function Beverage.
Compared with the prior art, the advantages of the present invention are as follows:The present invention is answered by Black Box Tracing and other berries Match and use quick-fried pearl processing technology and high voltage pulsation electric-field sterilizing tech, reaches following advantageous effect:1, selection is novel, It is unique in taste, it is full of nutrition, simple for process, with short production cycle, shelf life is long.2, it is improved and is drunk using quick-fried pearl processing technology The content of Black Box Tracing in material, increases the stability of anthocyanin, overcomes adding for the strong astringent taste of Black Box Tracing low sugar strong acid Work disadvantage.3, high-pressure pulse electric sterilization, polyphenol substance and vitamin retention rate are up to 87% or so, are better than heat sterilization side Formula.4, in enzymolysis process pectase use so that anthocyanidin in each fruit juice farthest retains to the greatest extent, enhances product It is functional.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, with reference to embodiment, to the present invention It is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is used only for explaining the present invention, it is not used to Limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
1) it selects and cleans:Select Black Box Tracing, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and the grape of freezing, hand picking removal It goes mouldy, damaged particle, is rinsed well later with clear water;
2) raw squeezed juice, enzymolysis and filtering:By freezing Black Box Tracing, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and grape after cleaning It is positioned over low temperature under 0-4 DEG C of environment to thaw, then is respectively put into juice extractor and squeezes;Distinguish water enzyme digestion for a period of time after squeezing; By the fruit juice after enzymolysis in 4 DEG C, 4000r/min centrifugal filtration 15min, supernatant is taken to be stored for future use at 4 DEG C respectively.It is wherein black Fruit gland rib Sorbus alnifloria, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and grape enzymatic hydrolysis condition are that 0.1% cellulase and 0.08% pectase is added respectively Constant temperature digests 2h at 20 DEG C, and constant temperature at 16 DEG C of 0.08% cellulase and 0.04% pectase is added and digests 2.5h, is added Constant temperature digests 4h at 0.05% 12 DEG C of pectase, and 0.03% cellulase, 0.06% protease and 0.08% pectase 28 is added Constant temperature digests 30min at DEG C, and constant temperature at 24 DEG C of 0.04% pectase is added and digests 50min;
3) preparation of the quick-fried pearl of Black Box Tracing:In mass ratio by filtered Black Box Tracing fruit juice and white granulated sugar 5:After 1 ratio mixed dissolution, then it is 1 by volume:The sodium alginate soln that 1 ratio addition mass fraction is 1.5%, is stirred It mixes uniformly, is instilled in 2% calcium chloride solution and be molded using drop molding machine, pull quick-fried pearl out after curing 20s, cleaning is standby With;
4) allotment of composite fruit juice:In mass ratio, 25% Black Box Tracing life squeezed juice, 15% blueberry life is taken to squeeze Fruit juice, 5% raspberry life squeezed juice, 10% strawberry life squeezed juice, 15% grape life squeezed juice, 8% white granulated sugar and 22% water mixing;Mixing in fruit juice is added in 0.01% potassium sorbate;
5) homogeneous:There is pulp precipitation by homogenization, to prevent fruit juice in deployed fruit juice, and 4 DEG C of placements are standby after homogeneous With;
6) it sterilizes:The quick-fried pearl prepared is added in composite fruit juice, is sterilized in high-pressure pulse electric, electric-field strength Degree is 30kV/cm, and processing time is 60 μ s;
7) filling:After the completion of sterilization, by the filling finished product of composite fruit juice of the quick-fried pearl containing Black Box Tracing.
The composite fruit juice polyphenol substance total amount is up to 666.0mg/100g, vitamin C total amount is 48.4mg/100g, food Sense organ comprehensive score 95 is divided, and color is in claret, and liquid clear, sour and sweet palatability, the smell of fruits is very sweet, and quick-fried pearl is thin in spherical Film thickness is moderate, and explosion sense is apparent, and quick-fried pearl Black Box Tracing fruity is apparent and without bitter taste, 9 months shelf-lifves.
Embodiment 2:
1) it selects and cleans:Select Black Box Tracing, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and the grape of freezing, hand picking removal It goes mouldy, damaged particle, is rinsed well later with clear water;
2) raw squeezed juice, enzymolysis and filtering:By freezing Black Box Tracing, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and grape after cleaning It is positioned over low temperature under 0-4 DEG C of environment to thaw, then is respectively put into juice extractor and squeezes;Distinguish water enzyme digestion for a period of time after squeezing; By the fruit juice after enzymolysis in 4 DEG C, 4000r/min centrifugal filtration 15min, supernatant is taken to be stored for future use at 4 DEG C respectively.It is wherein black Fruit gland rib Sorbus alnifloria, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and grape enzymatic hydrolysis condition are that 0.1% cellulase and 0.08% pectase is added respectively Constant temperature digests 2h at 20 DEG C, and constant temperature at 16 DEG C of 0.08% cellulase and 0.04% pectase is added and digests 2.5h, is added Constant temperature digests 4h at 0.05% 12 DEG C of pectase, and 0.03% cellulase, 0.06% protease and 0.08% pectase 28 is added Constant temperature digests 30min at DEG C, and constant temperature at 24 DEG C of 0.04% pectase is added and digests 50min;
3) preparation of the quick-fried pearl of Black Box Tracing:In mass ratio by filtered Black Box Tracing fruit juice and white granulated sugar 5:After 1 ratio mixed dissolution, then it is 1 by volume:The sodium alginate soln that 1 ratio addition mass fraction is 1.5%, is stirred It mixes uniformly, is instilled in 2% calcium chloride solution and be molded using drop molding machine, pull quick-fried pearl out after curing 20s, cleaning is standby With;
4) allotment of composite fruit juice:In mass ratio, 25% Black Box Tracing life squeezed juice, 10% blueberry life is taken to squeeze Fruit juice, 10% raspberry life squeezed juice, 10% strawberry life squeezed juice, 15% grape life squeezed juice, 8% white granulated sugar and 22% water mixing;Mixing in fruit juice is added in 0.01% potassium sorbate;
5) homogeneous:There is pulp precipitation by homogenization, to prevent fruit juice in deployed fruit juice, and 4 DEG C of placements are standby after homogeneous With;
6) it sterilizes:The quick-fried pearl prepared is added in composite fruit juice, is sterilized in high-pressure pulse electric, electric-field strength Degree is 30kV/cm, and processing time is 90 μ s;
7) filling:After the completion of sterilization, by the filling finished product of composite fruit juice of the quick-fried pearl containing Black Box Tracing.
The composite fruit juice polyphenol substance total amount is up to 648.2mg/100g, vitamin C total amount is 47.1mg/100g, food Sense organ comprehensive score 95 is divided, and color is in claret, and liquid clear, sour and sweet palatability, the smell of fruits is very sweet, and quick-fried pearl is thin in spherical Film thickness is moderate, and explosion sense is apparent, and quick-fried pearl Black Box Tracing fruity is apparent and without bitter taste, 9 months shelf-lifves.
Embodiment 3:
1) it selects and cleans:Select Black Box Tracing, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and the grape of freezing, hand picking removal It goes mouldy, damaged particle, is rinsed well later with clear water;
8) raw squeezed juice, enzymolysis and filtering:By freezing Black Box Tracing, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and grape after cleaning It is positioned over low temperature under 0-4 DEG C of environment to thaw, then is respectively put into juice extractor and squeezes;Distinguish water enzyme digestion for a period of time after squeezing; By the fruit juice after enzymolysis in 4 DEG C, 4000r/min centrifugal filtration 15min, supernatant is taken to be stored for future use at 4 DEG C respectively.It is wherein black Fruit gland rib Sorbus alnifloria, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and grape enzymatic hydrolysis condition are that 0.1% cellulase and 0.08% pectase is added respectively Constant temperature digests 2h at 20 DEG C, and constant temperature at 16 DEG C of 0.08% cellulase and 0.04% pectase is added and digests 2.5h, is added Constant temperature digests 4h at 0.05% 12 DEG C of pectase, and 0.03% cellulase, 0.06% protease and 0.08% pectase 28 is added Constant temperature digests 30min at DEG C, and constant temperature at 24 DEG C of 0.04% pectase is added and digests 50min;
2) preparation of the quick-fried pearl of Black Box Tracing:In mass ratio by filtered Black Box Tracing fruit juice and white granulated sugar 5:After 1 ratio mixed dissolution, then it is 1 by volume:The sodium alginate soln that 1 ratio addition mass fraction is 1.5%, is stirred It mixes uniformly, is instilled in 2% calcium chloride solution and be molded using drop molding machine, pull quick-fried pearl out after curing 20s, cleaning is standby With;
3) allotment of composite fruit juice:In mass ratio, 20% Black Box Tracing life squeezed juice, 15% blueberry life is taken to squeeze Fruit juice, 5% raspberry life squeezed juice, 15% strawberry life squeezed juice, 10% grape life squeezed juice, 8% white granulated sugar and 27% water mixing;Mixing in fruit juice is added in 0.01% potassium sorbate;
4) homogeneous:There is pulp precipitation by homogenization, to prevent fruit juice in deployed fruit juice, and 4 DEG C of placements are standby after homogeneous With;
6) it sterilizes:The quick-fried pearl prepared is added in composite fruit juice, is sterilized in high-pressure pulse electric, electric-field strength Degree is 30kV/cm, and processing time is 60 μ s;
7) filling:After the completion of sterilization, by the filling finished product of composite fruit juice of the quick-fried pearl containing Black Box Tracing.
The composite fruit juice polyphenol substance total amount is up to 533.3mg/100g, vitamin C total amount is 45.8mg/100g, food Sense organ comprehensive score 90 is divided, and color is in claret, liquid clear, and sour and sweet palatability, the smell of fruits is very sweet, and quick-fried pearl is thin in spherical Film thickness is moderate, and explosion sense is apparent, and quick-fried pearl Black Box Tracing fruity is apparent and without bitter taste, 9 months shelf-lifves.
Embodiment 4:
1) it selects and cleans:Select Black Box Tracing, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and the grape of freezing, hand picking removal It goes mouldy, damaged particle, is rinsed well later with clear water;
2) raw squeezed juice, enzymolysis and filtering:By freezing Black Box Tracing, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and grape after cleaning It is positioned over low temperature under 0-4 DEG C of environment to thaw, then is respectively put into juice extractor and squeezes;Distinguish water enzyme digestion for a period of time after squeezing; By the fruit juice after enzymolysis in 4 DEG C, 4000r/min centrifugal filtration 15min, supernatant is taken to be stored for future use at 4 DEG C respectively.It is wherein black Fruit gland rib Sorbus alnifloria, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and grape enzymatic hydrolysis condition are that 0.1% cellulase and 0.08% pectase is added respectively Constant temperature digests 2h at 20 DEG C, and constant temperature at 16 DEG C of 0.08% cellulase and 0.04% pectase is added and digests 2.5h, is added Constant temperature digests 4h at 0.05% 12 DEG C of pectase, and 0.03% cellulase, 0.06% protease and 0.08% pectase 28 is added Constant temperature digests 30min at DEG C, and constant temperature at 24 DEG C of 0.04% pectase is added and digests 50min;
3) preparation of the quick-fried pearl of Black Box Tracing:In mass ratio by filtered Black Box Tracing fruit juice and white granulated sugar 5:After 1 ratio mixed dissolution, then it is 1 by volume:The sodium alginate soln that 1 ratio addition mass fraction is 1.5%, is stirred It mixes uniformly, is instilled in 2% calcium chloride solution and be molded using drop molding machine, pull quick-fried pearl out after curing 20s, cleaning is standby With;
4) allotment of composite fruit juice:In mass ratio, 15% Black Box Tracing life squeezed juice, 15% blueberry life is taken to squeeze Fruit juice, 15% raspberry life squeezed juice, 20% strawberry life squeezed juice, 10% grape life squeezed juice, 8% white granulated sugar and 17% water mixing;Mixing in fruit juice is added in 0.01% potassium sorbate;
5) homogeneous:There is pulp precipitation by homogenization, to prevent fruit juice in deployed fruit juice, and 4 DEG C of placements are standby after homogeneous With;
6) it sterilizes:The quick-fried pearl prepared is added in composite fruit juice, is sterilized in high-pressure pulse electric, electric-field strength Degree is 30kV/cm, and processing time is 60 μ s;
7) filling:After the completion of sterilization, by the filling finished product of composite fruit juice of the quick-fried pearl containing Black Box Tracing.
The composite fruit juice polyphenol substance total amount is up to 464.6mg/100g, vitamin C total amount is 53.8mg/100g, food Sense organ comprehensive score 90 is divided, and color is in claret, and liquid clear, sour and sweet palatability, the smell of fruits is very sweet, and quick-fried pearl is in oblate spheroid shape, Film thickness is moderate, has explosion sense, quick-fried pearl Black Box Tracing fruity apparent and without bitter taste, shelf-life September.
Comparative example 1
Certain fast-selling brand blueberry juice in the market, blueberry juice content >=60%.
Comparative example 2
Certain fast-selling brand blueberry juice in the market, blueberry juice content >=50%.
Antioxidant activity tests are carried out to the composite fruit juice in embodiment 1-4, and results contrast is carried out with comparative example 1-2, Test result see the table below:
As can be known from the above table:
DPPH free radical scavenging abilities:Comparative example 1>Embodiment 1>Embodiment 4>Comparative example 2>Embodiment 3>
Embodiment 2;
HO free radical scavenging abilities:Embodiment 1>Comparative example 1>Comparative example 2>Embodiment 3>Embodiment 4>Embodiment 2;
Ultra-oxygen anion free radical is removed:Embodiment 1>Comparative example 1>Embodiment 2>Embodiment 3>Embodiment 4>Comparative example 2.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of raw preparation method for squeezing drinks of enrichment anthocyanidin, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
1) it selects and cleans:Select Black Box Tracing, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and the grape of freezing, hand picking removal mould Become, damaged particle, is rinsed well later with clear water;
2) it squeezes the juice, digest and filters:Freezing Black Box Tracing, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry and grape after cleaning is positioned over 0- Low temperature thaws under 4 DEG C of environment, then is respectively put into juice extractor and squeezes;Distinguish water enzyme digestion for a period of time after squeezing;After digesting Fruit juice in 4 DEG C, 4000r/min centrifugal filtration 15min, take supernatant to be stored for future use at 4 DEG C respectively;
3) preparation of the quick-fried pearl of Black Box Tracing:By filtered Black Box Tracing fruit juice and white granulated sugar in mass ratio 5:1 Ratio mixed dissolution after, then by volume be 1:1-2:The sodium alginate that 1 ratio addition mass fraction is 1.0-2.0% is molten Liquid stirs evenly, and is instilled in 2% calcium chloride solution and is molded using drop molding machine, and quick-fried pearl is pulled out after curing 10-30s, It cleans spare;
4) allotment of composite fruit juice:In mass ratio, the Black Box Tracing of 15-25% is taken to give birth to the blueberry life of squeezed juice, 5-15% Grape life squeezed juice, the 6-10% of squeezed juice, the raspberry life squeezed juice of 5-15%, the strawberry life squeezed juice of 5-15%, 10-20% White granulated sugar and 20-50% water mixing;Mixing in fruit juice is added in additive;
5) homogeneous:There is pulp precipitation by homogenization, to prevent fruit juice in deployed fruit juice, and 4 DEG C of placements are spare after homogeneous;
6) it sterilizes:The quick-fried pearl prepared is added in composite fruit juice, is sterilized in high-pressure pulse electric, electric field strength is 30-40kV/cm, processing time are 60-90 μ s;
7) filling:After the completion of sterilization, by the filling finished product of composite fruit juice of the quick-fried pearl containing Black Box Tracing.
2. the raw preparation method for squeezing drinks of enrichment anthocyanidin described in accordance with the claim 1, which is characterized in that described In step 2), the enzymatic hydrolysis condition of Black Box Tracing is that constant temperature enzyme at 20 DEG C of 0.1% cellulase and 0.08% pectase is added Solve 2h;The enzymatic hydrolysis condition of blueberry is that constant temperature at 16 DEG C of 0.08% cellulase and 0.04% pectase is added to digest 2.5h;Raspberry Enzymatic hydrolysis condition be added 12 DEG C of 0.05% pectase at constant temperature digest 4h;The enzymatic hydrolysis condition of strawberry is that 0.03% cellulose is added Constant temperature digests 30min at 28 DEG C of enzyme, 0.06% protease and 0.08% pectase;The enzymatic hydrolysis condition of grape is that 0.04% fruit is added Constant temperature digests 50min at 24 DEG C of glue enzyme.
3. the raw preparation method for squeezing drinks of enrichment anthocyanidin described in accordance with the claim 1, which is characterized in that the step It is rapid 4) in additive be 0.01% potassium sorbate.
4. the raw of enrichment anthocyanidin prepared according to the method for claims 1 or 2 or 3 squeezes drinks.
CN201810203284.2A 2018-03-13 2018-03-13 A kind of raw squeezing drinks and preparation method of enrichment anthocyanidin CN108541847A (en)

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