CN108450101A - A kind of vegetable planting machine - Google Patents

A kind of vegetable planting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108450101A
CN108450101A CN201810306854.0A CN201810306854A CN108450101A CN 108450101 A CN108450101 A CN 108450101A CN 201810306854 A CN201810306854 A CN 201810306854A CN 108450101 A CN108450101 A CN 108450101A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rack
planting machine
seedling
vegetable
watering
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810306854.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王其华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Meitan Seven Mile Fruit And Vegetable Professional Cooperative
Original Assignee
Meitan Seven Mile Fruit And Vegetable Professional Cooperative
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Meitan Seven Mile Fruit And Vegetable Professional Cooperative filed Critical Meitan Seven Mile Fruit And Vegetable Professional Cooperative
Priority to CN201810306854.0A priority Critical patent/CN108450101A/en
Publication of CN108450101A publication Critical patent/CN108450101A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C11/00Transplanting machines
    • A01C11/02Transplanting machines for seedlings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/062Devices for making drills or furrows
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/066Devices for covering drills or furrows
    • A01C5/068Furrow packing devices, e.g. press wheels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/09Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like

Abstract

The application discloses a kind of vegetable planting machine of agricultural mechanical field, including rack, rack is equipped with steering device, walking mechanism, ditcher mechanism, Xia Miao mechanisms, casing mechanism and watering mechanism, when use, planting machine operation is controlled by tractor running control system, when planting machine is walked, the ditching plow of ditcher mechanism is inserted into soil and digs out soil, forms Tu Gou;At this time, lower seedling staff is sitting on the bench of Xia Miao mechanisms, vegetable seedling on parcel shelf is thrown into Tu Gouzhong from Xia Miaokou, then soil is back into Tu Gouzhong by covering blade, soil covers vegetable seedling, and then contact roller is by soil compression, the water pump and valve of mechanism of finally watering, water is sprayed on vegetable seedling by nozzle, the i.e. complete in this way plant of vegetables.

Description

A kind of vegetable planting machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural mechanical fields, and in particular to a kind of vegetable planting machine.
Background technology
Vegetables are essential food in daily life, and the vegetables of Various Seasonal plantation are also different, and different The vegetables of type, implantation methods are also different.During planting vegetable, generally requires and first soil is carried out at trench digging It manages, vegetable seedling is placed in the soil after trench digging, then covered the root of vegetable seedling with soil, the leaf portion of vegetable seedling is stayed in soil On earth, a certain amount of water is then poured again.Currently, be mostly manually ditched, earthing and watering work, in this way work Amount is big, high labor cost, and efficiency is low.
Invention content
The invention is intended to provide a kind of vegetable planting machine, vegetables plant work can be rapidly completed, reduce cost of labor, and Work efficiency is high.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides following scheme:A kind of vegetable planting machine, including rack, the rack On successively be equipped with steering device, ditcher mechanism, Xia Miao mechanisms, casing mechanism and watering mechanism;The steering device includes driving Room, tractor running control system, engine and gearbox;There are two the ditcher mechanisms, ditcher mechanism include connecting rod and Ditching plow, the connecting rod are fixedly connected in rack, and the ditching plow is fixedly connected in connecting rod;Xia Miao mechanisms packet Include Xia Miaokou;The casing mechanism includes fixed link and covering blade, and the fixed link is connected in rack, and the covering blade is fixed It is connected to the one end of fixed link far from rack;Walking mechanism is additionally provided in the rack, the walking mechanism includes drive shaft, row Wheel, driven shaft and contact roller are walked, the traveling wheel is fixedly connected on the both ends of drive shaft, and the drive shaft is located at steering device It underface and is connect with gearbox, the driven shaft is located at the lower section of watering mechanism and is fixedly connected with rack, contact roller rotation It is connected to the both ends of driven shaft.
The operation principle of this programme is:In the present solution, controlling gearbox operation by tractor running control system, pass through Gearbox drives drive shaft turns, and traveling wheel is with drive shaft turns, while contact roller (having the function of driven wheel here) Under the action of, just planting machine can be made to walk.When planting machine is walked, the ditching plow of ditcher mechanism is inserted into soil and digs out soil, Form Tu Gou;At this point, lower seedling staff is sitting in rack, vegetable seedling (is placed on rack by the vegetable seedling in rack in advance On) Tu Gouzhong is thrown into from Xia Miaokou, it needs exist for staff's inclination and loses seedling, the stem part of seedling is made to be poured over outside Tu Gou, And just stay root in native ditch;Since the rear of lower seedling mouth is equipped with casing mechanism, casing mechanism includes covering blade, and covering blade will be native It shifts Tu Gouzhong onto, and the root of vegetable seedling is covered;Since contact roller is located at the underface of watering mechanism, and mechanism of watering is located at The rear of casing mechanism, for such contact roller just at the rear of casing mechanism, covering blade will be shifted onto native operculum colpi by such contact roller The firmly soil compression of vegetable seedling root;Finally watering mechanism waters to vegetable seedling;The plant of vegetable seedling is completed in this way.
This programme has the beneficial effect that:This planting machine simple structure and reasonable design by steering device, walking mechanism, is opened The setting of ditch mechanism, Xia Miao mechanisms, casing mechanism and mechanism of watering, can be rapidly completed the vegetable of trench digging, earthing, lower seedling and watering Dish transplants work, greatly reduces cost of labor, and transplant efficient.
Further, cylinder is equipped between the connecting rod and rack, one end of the cylinder is fixedly connected in rack, gas The other end of cylinder is fixedly connected with the connecting rod.Setting is inserted into the distance in soil convenient for control ditching plow in this way, to dig different depth Tu Gou plant different types of vegetables;Can also work as planting machine on highway when driving, ditching plow is packed up and leaves ground, prevent Ditching plow is stopped and ground is damaged.
Further, the lower seedling mouth is connected with the position-limiting drum for making the leaf portion of vegetable seedling swing on the outside of native ditch.Such limit Cylinder must be obliquely installed, and its lower ending opening, close to lower seedling mouth, it is intended that after lower seedling, vegetable seedling falls from position-limiting drum When falling in native ditch, the root of vegetable seedling is fallen in native ditch, and the leaf portion of vegetable seedling is swung under the effect of gravity on the outside of native ditch, this Sample avoids vegetable seedling from being poured in heatable adobe sleeping platform so that being completely covered by soil.
Further, the fixed link is connect with gantry rotation, and rack is equipped with make covering blade be maintained at earthing state the One fastener is additionally provided with the second fastener for making covering blade hold it away from the state of ground in rack.Setting is when planting machine is in public affairs in this way Road, which when driving can pack up covering blade, makes it away from ground, avoids contacting and being damaged with ground, when it is carrying out earthing When work, earthing state can be also kept, will not rotate leads to that soil cannot be shifted onto Tu Gouzhong.
Further, the watering mechanism is located at the tail portion of rack, the water that the watering mechanism includes water tank, is connected to water tank Pipe, the nozzle for watering to vegetable seedling that water pipe end is arranged, the water pump and valve being arranged on water pipe.Water pump in this way is by water tank Interior water is extracted out and is spilt to vegetable seedling by nozzle.
Further, the Xia Miao mechanisms further include parcel shelf and bench, and the parcel shelf is fixedly connected in rack, described Bench is fixedly connected in rack and by lower seedling mouth.Setting parcel shelf holds vegetable seedling, is fetched convenient for staff, also just In arrangement;Bench is set and takes fixation convenient for staff, avoids the shake in planting machine operational process that staff is caused to fall .
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of vegetable planting machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the upward view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of ditcher mechanism in a kind of vegetable planting machine of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of casing mechanism in a kind of vegetable planting machine of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the mobile route of ditching plow, Xia Miaokou, covering blade and contact roller when a kind of vegetable planting machine of the present invention is walked Schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is the connection diagram of position-limiting drum and rack in a kind of vegetable planting machine of the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
Below by the further details of explanation of specific implementation mode:
Reference numeral in Figure of description includes:Traveling wheel 1, drive shaft 2, rack 3, steering device 4, gearbox 401, Ditching plow 5, connecting rod 6, cylinder 7, covering blade 8, fixed link 9, parcel shelf 10, bench 11, water tank 12, lower seedling mouth 13, water pump 14, Water pipe 15, valve 16, nozzle 17, driven shaft 18, contact roller 19, position-limiting drum 20.
Embodiment is basic as shown in attached drawing 1 and Fig. 2:A kind of vegetable planting machine, includes the rack 3 of rectangular block shape, in rack 3 It is from left to right equipped with steering device 4, ditcher mechanism, Xia Miao mechanisms, casing mechanism and watering mechanism successively;Steering device 4 (and drag The headstock of machine drawing is identical) include driver's cabin, tractor running control system, engine and gearbox 401;There are two ditcher mechanisms And relative to the symmetrical axial symmetry on 3 length direction of rack, ditcher mechanism includes connecting rod 6, is connected between connecting rod 6 and rack 3 It is connected to cylinder 7, one end of cylinder 7 is fixedly connected on the lower surface of rack 3, and the other end of cylinder 7 is fixedly connected with connecting rod 6, The lower end of connecting rod 6 is fixedly connected by screw there are one ditching plow 5 (as shown in Figure 3), the cylinder 7 in two ditcher mechanisms Line is parallel with drive shaft 2;The rear of two ditcher mechanisms is equipped with Xia Miao mechanisms, and Xia Miao mechanisms include parcel shelf 10, lower seedling Mouthfuls 13 and bench 11, the upper surface of 10 welding stand 3 of parcel shelf, lower seedling mouth 13 is two rectangular openings cut in rack 3, two Lower seedling mouth 13 is relative to the symmetrical axial symmetry on 3 length direction of rack, and there are two benches 11, and is respectively welded at a lower seedling mouth In the rack 3 on 13 sides, the lower ends of two lower seedling mouths 13 weld there are one inclined position-limiting drum 20 (as shown in Figure 6), position-limiting drum 20 are connected to lower seedling mouth 13, and the bottom end of position-limiting drum 20 is located at the surface of Tu Gou, and the bottom end of position-limiting drum 20 is big at a distance from ground In the length of vegetable seedling, the internal diameter of position-limiting drum 20 is more than the diameter of vegetable seedling leaf portion;The rear of Xia Miao mechanisms is equipped with drag links Structure, casing mechanism include two fixed links 9 hinged with rack 3, and every 9 lower end of fixed link is fixedly connected with one by screw The covering blade 8 of a covering blade 8 (as shown in Figure 4), two fixed links 9 and its lower end connection is relative on 3 length direction of rack Symmetrical axial symmetry, 3 are equipped with the first fastener 901 for making covering blade 8 be maintained at earthing state in rack, and the first fastener 901 includes solid Surely the first fixture block being connected in rack 3, fixed link 9 are equipped with the first card slot, and covering blade 8 is in (earthing shape on vertical direction State) when, the first card slot and the first fixture block snapping are additionally provided with the second card for making covering blade 8 hold it away from the state of ground in rack 3 Part 902, the second fastener 902 include the second fixture block being fixedly connected in rack 3, and fixed link 9 is equipped with the second card slot, the second card Slot is located at fixed link 9 close to one end of covering blade 8, and the lower end of the first card slot, covering blade 8 is on inclined direction (far from ground State) when, the second card slot and the second fixture block snapping, the first card slot are disconnected with the first fixture block, and being additionally provided in rack 3 makes earthing Shovel 8 holds it away from the second fastener 902 of the state of ground, and covering blade 8 is located at the front of contact roller 19;Watering mechanism is located at machine The tail portion of frame 3, watering mechanism include 3 upper surface of rack welding water tank 12, be connected to water tank 12 water pipe 15,15 end of water pipe The nozzle 17 of connection, the water spraying direction of nozzle 17 is backward and obliquely, water pipe 15 is equipped with water pump 14 and valve 16;Vehicle with walking machine Structure includes drive shaft 2, traveling wheel 1, driven shaft 18 and contact roller 19, and driven shaft 18 is parallel with drive shaft 2, the midpoint of drive shaft 2 It is parallel with the symmetry axis of rack 3 with the line at the midpoint of driven shaft 18, and the line is located at the underface of the symmetry axis of rack 3, Drive shaft 2 is located at the underface of steering device 4, and drive shaft 2 is connect with gearbox 401, the both ends of drive shaft 2 respectively with a row The centre bore for walking wheel 1 is fixedly connected, and driven shaft 18 is located at the lower section of watering mechanism and is fixedly connected with rack 3 by strut, from The both ends of moving axis 18 are fixedly attached respectively there are one ball bearing, and the outer ring outer surface of two ball bearings is compressed with one respectively The centre bore of wheel 19 is fixedly connected.
When the planting machine walking of this programme, ditching plow 5, lower seedling mouth 13, covering blade 8 and contact roller 19 mobile route as schemed Shown in 5.
This programme controls planting machine operation by tractor running control system and (is set with existing tractor, harvester etc. Standby structural principle is identical), by gearbox 401 drive drive shaft 2 rotate, then drive traveling wheel 1 rotate, contact roller 19 be from Driving wheel just can make planting machine walk in this way.Control cylinder 7 makes ditching plow 5 be inserted into soil, and when planting machine is walked, ditching plow 5 will Soil is dug out, and forms Tu Gou;At this point, lower seedling staff is sitting on bench 11, the vegetable seedling on parcel shelf 10 is put into down In seedling mouth 13, then vegetable seedling slides into Tu Gouzhong from position-limiting drum 20, since position-limiting drum 20 is obliquely installed, the low side position of position-limiting drum 20 In the surface of Tu Gou, so its root is located in native ditch after vegetable seedling slides into Tu Gou, and leaf portion is swung on the outside of native ditch, is then covered Soil is back into Tu Gouzhong by mamoty 8, and vegetable seedling is located at the root in native ditch and covered by soil, and then contact roller 19 is by soil pressure Real, water is sprayed on vegetable seedling by the water pump 14 and valve 16 of mechanism of finally watering, nozzle 17, completes vegetables in this way Plant.
This planting machine simple structure and reasonable design by steering device 4, walking mechanism, ditcher mechanism, Xia Miao mechanisms, is covered The setting of native mechanism and watering mechanism can be rapidly completed the plant work of the vegetables such as walking, trench digging, earthing, lower seedling, watering, plant It plants efficient.
The above are merely the embodiment of the present invention, the common sense such as well known concrete structure and characteristic are not made excessively herein in scheme Description.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, without departing from the structure of the invention, can also make Several modifications and improvements, these should also be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all do not interfere with the effect that the present invention is implemented And patent practicability.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, specific in specification The records such as embodiment can be used for explaining the content of claim.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of vegetable planting machine, including rack, it is characterised in that:In the rack successively be equipped with steering device, ditcher mechanism, Xia Miao mechanisms, casing mechanism and watering mechanism;The steering device includes driver's cabin, tractor running control system, engine And gearbox;There are two the ditcher mechanisms, and ditcher mechanism includes connecting rod and ditching plow, and the connecting rod is fixedly connected on machine On frame, the ditching plow is fixedly connected in connecting rod;The Xia Miao mechanisms include lower seedling mouth;The casing mechanism includes fixing Bar and covering blade, the fixed link are connected in rack, and the covering blade is fixedly connected on the one end of fixed link far from rack;Institute It states and is additionally provided with walking mechanism in rack, the walking mechanism includes drive shaft, traveling wheel, driven shaft and contact roller, the walking Wheel is fixedly connected on the both ends of drive shaft, and the drive shaft is located at the underface of steering device and is connect with gearbox, it is described from Moving axis is located at the lower section of watering mechanism and is fixedly connected with rack, and contact roller is rotatably connected on the both ends of driven shaft.
2. a kind of vegetable planting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Gas is equipped between the connecting rod and rack One end of cylinder, the cylinder is fixedly connected in rack, and the other end of cylinder is fixedly connected with the connecting rod.
3. a kind of vegetable planting machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The lower seedling mouth, which is connected with, makes vegetable seedling Leaf portion swings to the position-limiting drum on the outside of native ditch.
4. a kind of vegetable planting machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The fixed link is connect with gantry rotation, Rack is equipped with the first fastener for making covering blade be maintained at earthing state, and being additionally provided in rack makes covering blade hold it away from ground Second fastener of state.
5. a kind of vegetable planting machine according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The watering mechanism is located at the tail of rack Portion, it is described watering mechanism include water tank, the water pipe being connected to water tank, water pipe end be arranged the spray for watering to vegetable seedling The water pump and valve being arranged on head, water pipe.
6. a kind of vegetable planting machine according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The Xia Miao mechanisms further include parcel shelf and Bench, the parcel shelf are fixedly connected in rack, and the bench is fixedly connected in rack and by lower seedling mouth.
CN201810306854.0A 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 A kind of vegetable planting machine Pending CN108450101A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810306854.0A CN108450101A (en) 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 A kind of vegetable planting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810306854.0A CN108450101A (en) 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 A kind of vegetable planting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108450101A true CN108450101A (en) 2018-08-28

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810306854.0A Pending CN108450101A (en) 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 A kind of vegetable planting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108450101A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109041711A (en) * 2018-09-28 2018-12-21 张祝 The control method of circulating propelling type rape potted-seedling transplanting device
CN109168918A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-01-11 望江县同心农业专业合作社 A kind of tealeaves seedling implantation methods
CN111296010A (en) * 2020-03-27 2020-06-19 安徽同创现代农业投资发展有限公司 Indoor planting equipment and planting method for dendrobium

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109041711A (en) * 2018-09-28 2018-12-21 张祝 The control method of circulating propelling type rape potted-seedling transplanting device
CN109168918A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-01-11 望江县同心农业专业合作社 A kind of tealeaves seedling implantation methods
CN111296010A (en) * 2020-03-27 2020-06-19 安徽同创现代农业投资发展有限公司 Indoor planting equipment and planting method for dendrobium

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