CN106961884A - A kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul - Google Patents

A kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106961884A
CN106961884A CN201710328518.1A CN201710328518A CN106961884A CN 106961884 A CN106961884 A CN 106961884A CN 201710328518 A CN201710328518 A CN 201710328518A CN 106961884 A CN106961884 A CN 106961884A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
sleeve pipe
frame
drill bit
welded
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710328518.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张振国
吕全贵
许红军
张学军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xinjiang Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Xinjiang Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xinjiang Agricultural University filed Critical Xinjiang Agricultural University
Priority to CN201710328518.1A priority Critical patent/CN106961884A/en
Publication of CN106961884A publication Critical patent/CN106961884A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/04Machines for making or covering holes for sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • A01G23/02Transplanting, uprooting, felling or delimbing trees
    • A01G23/04Transplanting trees; Devices for grasping the root ball, e.g. stump forceps; Wrappings or packages for transporting trees

Abstract

Patent of the present invention is a kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul, and the Haloxylon Species of Seedling for relating generally to a kind of current Xinjiang desert sleeve pipe is transplanted.Patent structure of the present invention is simple, cost is low, sleeve pipe seedling standing groove(6)There is certain angle of inclination with horizontal plane, to car body back sweep, after front end seedling is removed, seedling below slides forward, facilitating operator, seedling taking is operated nearby, and many plants of sleeve pipe seedling can be once placed on car body.Trailing bar(10A)First open, in sleeve pipe seedling gripper(10B)Sleeve pipe seedling is positioned over digging sand borer head after opening(1)In the hole dug, sand borer head is dug in closure backfill(1)The sandy soil dug out, complete to put seedling, backfill operation automatically, are a kind of high Haloxylon Species of Seedling planting machines of automaticity.

Description

A kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul
Technical field
Patent of the present invention is a kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul, relates generally to a kind of Haloxylon Species of Seedling of current Xinjiang desert sleeve pipe Transplant, belong to agricultural mechanical field.
Background technology
Sacsaoul be Desert Area of Xinjiang area dune-fixating forestation area it is maximum build group seeds, a large amount of atrophys of area in recent years.Nanjing agriculture " the no irrigation pipe fitting protection Haloxylon Species of Seedling desert new technique of afforestation " that the numb great professor of sparetime university gropes is in 2013 in Jimusar County is tested successfully.The technology is to erect the pvc pipe of 11 centimetres of diameter, 40 centimetres of length in embedment sand, and Haloxylon Species of Seedling is transplanted In pipe center.Seedling can be so avoided to be scalded dead because temperature is too high, and sand can keep certain humidity and temperature in pipe, it is ensured that Growth of seedling needs, and validity period was up to more than 5 years.The technology can effectively control surface layer temperature, reduction patch ground dust storm, mouse pair The injury of Haloxylon Species of Seedling, it is not necessary to irrigate, live can also be transplanted.The technology Haloxylon Species of Seedling transplanting survival rate is carried up to more than 85% High sacsaoul year increment more than 20%, cost per mu is at 100 yuan or so.In order to reduce planting cost, work out and used desert sand Make pipe fitting to replace the technology of pvc pipe, convenient material drawing, after Haloxylon Species of Seedling grows up to, pipe fitting can desertify automatically, with desert melt for One.Both the link for extracing PVC pipe is eliminated, half cost is reduced again.Artificial Cakcayr Forest grows up, and can interplant sweet The industrial crops such as grass, saline cistanche, one mu of Cakcayr Forest economic benefit can reach 1000 yuan.This achievement can be China's sacsaoul and white The recovery and reconstruction of Cakcayr Forest provide theory and technology support, so as to effectively push China's desert and semidesert area windblown sand movement With ecological construction process, with extremely important theory significance and application value.
Effectively solved with " summer dormancy " phenomenon of sacsaoul, the transplanting survival rate and the speed of growth of sacsaoul are shown Write and improve, the large area plant in desert provides technical support for sacsaoul for this.The cultivated area of sacsaoul is significantly increased in recent years, But it is due to that desert climate is severe, the problems such as manual inseminating is wasted time and energy, labor intensity is big, people are to sacsaoul planting machinery equipment There is urgent demand.Therefore, it is the pass for solving the plant of sacsaoul large area to work out a kind of machinery transplanted suitable for desert sacsaoul Key.
The content of the invention
In order to improve it is above-mentioned there is problem, patent of the present invention provides a kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul, it is therefore an objective to provide one Plant and be easy to operation, inexpensive, efficient sleeve pipe seedling planting machine.
To achieve these goals, the automatic planting machine of a kind of sacsaoul described in patent of the present invention, including dig sand borer head(1)、 Drill bit motor(2), hydraulic lifting apparatus(3), portal frame(4), seat(5), sleeve pipe seedling standing groove(6), complete machine support frame (7), hitch frame(8), road wheel(9), transplanting machinery hand(10), drill bit lift rail(11), frame(12), its feature is: Described digging sand borer head(1)With described drill bit motor(2)Connected by shaft coupling, described drill bit motor(2)With it is described Drill bit lift rail(11)It is bolted, described hydraulic lifting apparatus(3)With described portal frame(4)Pass through the company of welding Connect, described portal frame(4)With described frame(12)By being welded to connect, described seat(5)It is welded on described frame (12)On, described sleeve pipe seedling standing groove(6)It is welded on described frame(12)On, described complete machine support frame(7)With institute The hitch frame stated(8)Connected by pin, described hitch frame(8)It is welded on described frame(12)On, described road wheel (9)Pass through bearing and described frame(12)Connection, described transplanting machinery hand(10)With described portal frame(4)Pass through bolt Connection, described drill bit lift rail(11)With described frame(12)By being welded to connect.
The automatic planting machine of above-mentioned sacsaoul, it is characterised in that:Described sleeve pipe seedling standing groove(6)Have necessarily with horizontal plane Angle of inclination, to car body back sweep, after front end seedling is removed, seedling below slides forward, facilitates operator to take Seedling is operated.
The automatic planting machine of above-mentioned sacsaoul, it is characterised in that:Described transplanting machinery hand(10)Including trailing bar(10A)、 Sleeve pipe seedling gripper(10B), mechanical hand hydraulic cylinder(10C), robot gantry(10D), its feature is:Described sleeve pipe children Seedling gripper(10B)Sleeve pipe seedling is captured, with described robot gantry(10D)Connected by pin, described manipulator liquid Cylinder pressure(10C)With described robot gantry(10D)It is bolted, trailing bar(10A)Described robot gantry(10D) Connected by pin.
Above-mentioned transplanting machinery hand(10), it is characterised in that:Described trailing bar(10A)First open, in described sleeve pipe Seedling gripper(10B)Sleeve pipe seedling is positioned over after opening described digging sand borer head(1)In the hole dug, closure backfill is described Digging sand borer head(1)The sandy soil dug out, complete to put seedling, backfill operation automatically.
Patent of the present invention has advantages below compared with prior art:
Patent structure of the present invention is simple, cost is low, sleeve pipe seedling standing groove(6)There is certain angle of inclination with horizontal plane, to car Body back sweep, after front end seedling is removed, seedling below is slided forward, and facilitating operator, seedling taking is operated nearby, can be with Many plants of sleeve pipe seedling are once placed on car body.Trailing bar(10A)First open, in sleeve pipe seedling gripper(10B)Open rear Sleeve pipe seedling is positioned over digging sand borer head(1)In the hole dug, sand borer head is dug in closure backfill(1)The sandy soil dug out, completion is put automatically Seedling, backfill operation, are a kind of high Haloxylon Species of Seedling planting machines of automaticity.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of patent structure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of transplanting machinery hand structure.
Shown in figure:1. dig sand borer head, 2. drill bit motors, 3. hydraulic lifting apparatus, 4. portal frames, 5. seats, 6. sleeve pipes Seedling standing groove, 7. complete machine support frames, 8. hitch frames, 9. road wheels, 10. transplanting machinery hands, 11. drill bit lift rails, 12. machines Frame.
Embodiment
A kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul, including dig sand borer head(1), drill bit motor(2), hydraulic lifting apparatus(3), portal frame (4), seat(5), sleeve pipe seedling standing groove(6), complete machine support frame(7), hitch frame(8), road wheel(9), transplanting machinery hand (10), drill bit lift rail(11), frame(12), its feature is:Described digging sand borer head(1)With described drill bit motor (2)Connected by shaft coupling, described drill bit motor(2)With described drill bit lift rail(11)It is bolted, it is described Hydraulic lifting apparatus(3)With described portal frame(4)By being welded to connect, described portal frame(4)With described frame (12)By being welded to connect, described seat(5)It is welded on described frame(12)On, described sleeve pipe seedling standing groove(6) It is welded on described frame(12)On, described complete machine support frame(7)With described hitch frame(8)Connected by pin, it is described Hitch frame(8)It is welded on described frame(12)On, described road wheel(9)Pass through bearing and described frame(12)Even Connect, described transplanting machinery hand(10)With described portal frame(4)It is bolted, described drill bit lift rail(11)With Described frame(12)By being welded to connect.Described transplanting machinery hand(10)Including trailing bar(10A), sleeve pipe seedling gripper (10B), mechanical hand hydraulic cylinder(10C), robot gantry(10D), its feature is:Described sleeve pipe seedling gripper(10B) Sleeve pipe seedling is captured, with described robot gantry(10D)Connected by pin, described mechanical hand hydraulic cylinder(10C)With institute The robot gantry stated(10D)It is bolted, trailing bar(10A)Described robot gantry(10D)Connected by pin. Described trailing bar(10A)First open, in described sleeve pipe seedling gripper(10B)Described in sleeve pipe seedling being positioned over after opening Digging sand borer head(1)In the hole dug, the digging sand borer head described in backfill is closed(1)The sandy soil dug out, complete to put seedling, backfill automatically Operation.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul, including dig sand borer head(1), drill bit motor(2), hydraulic lifting apparatus(3), portal frame (4), seat(5), sleeve pipe seedling standing groove(6), complete machine support frame(7), hitch frame(8), road wheel(9), transplanting machinery hand (10), drill bit lift rail(11), frame(12), its feature is:Described digging sand borer head(1)With described drill bit motor (2)Connected by shaft coupling, described drill bit motor(2)With described drill bit lift rail(11)It is bolted, it is described Hydraulic lifting apparatus(3)With described portal frame(4)By being welded to connect, described portal frame(4)With described frame (12)By being welded to connect, described seat(5)It is welded on described frame(12)On, described sleeve pipe seedling standing groove(6) It is welded on described frame(12)On, described complete machine support frame(7)With described hitch frame(8)Connected by pin, it is described Hitch frame(8)It is welded on described frame(12)On, described road wheel(9)Pass through bearing and described frame(12)Even Connect, described transplanting machinery hand(10)With described portal frame(4)It is bolted, described drill bit lift rail(11)With Described frame(12)By being welded to connect.
2. the automatic planting machine of sacsaoul according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described sleeve pipe seedling standing groove(6)With Horizontal plane has certain angle of inclination, to car body back sweep, and after front end seedling is removed, seedling below slides forward, Operator's seedling taking is facilitated to operate.
3. the automatic planting machine of sacsaoul according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described transplanting machinery hand(10)Including covering Native plate(10A), sleeve pipe seedling gripper(10B), mechanical hand hydraulic cylinder(10C), robot gantry(10D), its feature is:Institute The sleeve pipe seedling gripper stated(10B)Sleeve pipe seedling is captured, with described robot gantry(10D)Connected by pin, it is described Mechanical hand hydraulic cylinder(10C)With described robot gantry(10D)It is bolted, trailing bar(10A)Described machinery Handset mounting(10D)Connected by pin.
4. transplanting machinery hand according to claim 3(10), it is characterised in that:Described trailing bar(10A)First open, Described sleeve pipe seedling gripper(10B)Sleeve pipe seedling is positioned over after opening described digging sand borer head(1)In the hole dug, close Close the digging sand borer head described in backfill(1)The sandy soil dug out, complete to put seedling, backfill operation automatically.
CN201710328518.1A 2017-05-11 2017-05-11 A kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul Pending CN106961884A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710328518.1A CN106961884A (en) 2017-05-11 2017-05-11 A kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710328518.1A CN106961884A (en) 2017-05-11 2017-05-11 A kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106961884A true CN106961884A (en) 2017-07-21

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108112308A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-05 钟建筑 The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree
CN109005768A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-12-18 安徽省中日农业环保科技有限公司 A kind of ditching-fertilizing integration agricultural equipment
CN111436347A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-07-24 烟台大学 Desert salix mongolica planter
CN112825649A (en) * 2020-08-01 2021-05-25 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院 Separated vegetation planting auxiliary device and method suitable for soft soil
CN113439504A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-09-28 潍坊学院 Planting auxiliary device for landscaping nursery stocks and use method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108112308A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-05 钟建筑 The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree
CN109005768A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-12-18 安徽省中日农业环保科技有限公司 A kind of ditching-fertilizing integration agricultural equipment
CN111436347A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-07-24 烟台大学 Desert salix mongolica planter
CN111436347B (en) * 2020-04-20 2021-10-29 烟台大学 Desert salix mongolica planter
CN112825649A (en) * 2020-08-01 2021-05-25 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院 Separated vegetation planting auxiliary device and method suitable for soft soil
CN113439504A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-09-28 潍坊学院 Planting auxiliary device for landscaping nursery stocks and use method

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