CN108340243B - Full-automatic numerical control compound internal surface grinding machine - Google Patents

Full-automatic numerical control compound internal surface grinding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108340243B
CN108340243B CN201810355696.8A CN201810355696A CN108340243B CN 108340243 B CN108340243 B CN 108340243B CN 201810355696 A CN201810355696 A CN 201810355696A CN 108340243 B CN108340243 B CN 108340243B
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China
Prior art keywords
baffle
workpiece
feeding
channel
grinding wheel
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CN108340243A (en
Inventor
王伟
陈月
石勇
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Maanshan Hengyongli Machinery Technology Co ltd
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Maanshan Hengyongli Machinery Technology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B19/00Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/20Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor relating to feed movement

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Constituent Portions Of Griding Lathes, Driving, Sensing And Control (AREA)
  • Grinding Of Cylindrical And Plane Surfaces (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a full-automatic numerical control compound inner surface grinding machine, and belongs to the technical field of compound grinding machines. The workpiece conveying mechanism comprises a feeding channel, a blocking channel, a workpiece pushing assembly and a discharging channel, wherein the workpiece passes through the feeding channel and the blocking channel to a grabbing station of the workpiece pushing assembly, and the workpiece pushing assembly pushes the workpiece to a machining station for cutting and grinding; the ground workpiece is output through a discharging channel, the feeding channel, the blocking channel and the discharging channel are all surrounded by blocking plates, and the positions of the blocking plates are adjustable; the servo driving mechanism comprises a workpiece feeding motor, a carriage, a magnetic chuck and a grinding wheel, wherein the magnetic chuck is arranged on the carriage, the workpiece feeding motor drives the carriage to move in the horizontal direction, and the magnetic chuck moves to a workpiece processing station and adsorbs and fixes a workpiece. The invention not only can realize the automatic circulation of the whole process of feeding, processing and discharging, but also can conveniently adjust the material channel to meet the conveying requirements of workpieces with different sizes, and has better adaptability.

Description

Full-automatic numerical control compound internal surface grinding machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of compound grinding machines, in particular to a full-automatic numerical control compound inner surface grinding machine.
Background
As a main device of the current machining industry, the technical development of machine tools has become a development mark of the domestic machining industry. The numerical control machine tool can be automatically produced on the basis of the traditional machine tool, and is developed along with the vigorous development of the assembly manufacturing industry, and is widely applied as a master machine of the manufacturing industry. The compound machine tool can compound more different machining processes on one machine tool, so that the purposes of reducing the machine tool and the clamp, avoiding the carrying and the storage among working procedures, improving the machining precision of workpieces, shortening the machining period and saving the working area are achieved, and the compound machine tool is a trend of the technical development of the machine tools in the current world.
The ring, bearing, flange, etc. all need to have their inner surfaces machined, including holes, grooves, raceways, inner flanges. Currently, there is an increasing need for internal surface machining using a compound internal surface grinder. However, the existing composite inner surface grinding machine has the problems of low automation degree, inconvenient feeding and discharging operations, high labor intensity of workers, low production efficiency, poor workpiece positioning and processing quality, and possibility of personal injury to the workers due to misoperation because hands are close to sharp grinding wheels during feeding and discharging.
In view of the above problems, the applicant has put into great research and development efforts, and submitted the title: an automatic device and method for inner hole grinding (patent number ZL 201410802608.6), 8/12/2016, and the name: a full-automatic numerical control internal grinding (application number 2016106625513); the automatic cycle of feeding, processing and discharging is realized in the application, manual intervention is not needed in the whole processing process, the labor intensity of workers is low, and the inner hole processing efficiency is greatly improved. However, in long-term production practice, the applicant has found that the above application has some drawbacks, mainly represented by: the above application is more complex in structural design, and is inconvenient to adjust to the work piece of different sizes, and whole automated control process is also more complicated.
Through retrieval, chinese patent number ZL 201420205539.6, the authorized bulletin date is 24 days of 9 months in 2014, and the invention is named as: the automatic feeding and discharging device of the internal grinder comprises a base provided with a machine tool chuck, a mounting plate arranged at the top end of the base, a feed chute, a horizontal moving device, a rotating device and a feeding arm, wherein the feed chute and the side end surface of the base are obliquely arranged; the rotating device comprises a driving motor and an output shaft, one end of the output shaft is connected with the driving motor, and the other end of the output shaft is connected with the feeding arm; the feeding arm is a V-shaped rotating plate, and the two ends of the opening of the rotating plate are respectively provided with a feeding spring chuck and a discharging spring chuck. This application can be in abrasive machining in-process, and automatic feeding and unloading, structural design is not very complicated yet, but this application control stability is not high, also has the limitation in the application.
Disclosure of Invention
1. Technical problem to be solved by the invention
The invention aims to overcome the defect of low automation degree of an inner surface grinding machine in the prior art, and provides a full-automatic numerical control composite inner surface grinding machine; the composite inner surface grinding machine provided by the invention has the advantages of simple structure and convenience in control, not only can realize automatic circulation in the whole process of feeding, processing and discharging, but also can conveniently adjust the material channel to meet the conveying requirements of workpieces with different sizes, and has better adaptability.
2. Technical proposal
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme provided by the invention is as follows:
the invention discloses a full-automatic numerical control compound inner surface grinding machine, which comprises a machine body, a servo driving mechanism and a workpiece conveying mechanism, wherein the workpiece conveying mechanism comprises a feeding channel, a blocking channel, a workpiece pushing assembly and a discharging channel, a workpiece passes through the feeding channel and the blocking channel to a grabbing station of the workpiece pushing assembly, and the workpiece pushing assembly pushes the workpiece to a machining station for grinding; the ground workpiece is output through a discharging channel, the feeding channel, the blocking channel and the discharging channel are all surrounded by blocking plates, and the positions of the blocking plates are adjustable; the servo driving mechanism comprises a workpiece feeding motor, a carriage, a magnetic chuck and a grinding wheel, wherein the magnetic chuck is arranged on the carriage, the workpiece feeding motor drives the carriage to move in the horizontal direction, and the magnetic chuck moves to a workpiece processing station to adsorb and fix a workpiece; the grinding wheel cuts and grinds the workpiece.
Still further, the material loading way include material loading first baffle and material loading second baffle, material loading first baffle is fixed on the bottom plate, and the cross section of this material loading first baffle is L type structure, and material loading first baffle be equipped with first U type hole along length direction interval, material loading second baffle be equipped with the second U type hole along length direction interval, the direction of seting up in first U type hole and second U type hole is mutually perpendicular, material loading second baffle passes through the bolt and inserts in first U type hole and the second U type hole to be fixed on the first baffle of material loading.
Further, the material blocking channel comprises a first adjusting baffle, a second adjusting baffle, a material blocking first baffle and a material blocking second baffle, wherein a third U-shaped hole is formed in the first adjusting baffle, the first adjusting baffle is fixed on the supporting plate through the third U-shaped hole, and the first adjusting baffle can move in parallel relative to the second adjusting baffle; the second adjusting baffle plate is provided with a fifth U-shaped hole, the second adjusting baffle plate is fixed on the supporting plate through the fifth U-shaped hole, and the second adjusting baffle plate can vertically move relative to the first adjusting baffle plate; the first baffle for blocking materials is fixed on the first adjusting baffle, and the second baffle for blocking materials is fixed on the second adjusting baffle.
Still further, the first adjusting baffle on set up the fourth U type hole, set up the sixth U type hole on the second adjusting baffle, fourth U type hole, sixth U type hole all are seted up along the direction of perpendicular to bottom plate, keep off material first baffle and fix on first adjusting baffle through the fourth U type hole, keep off material second baffle and fix on the second adjusting baffle through the sixth U type hole.
Further, an auxiliary plate is connected to the material blocking second baffle, and a sensor is fixed to the auxiliary plate.
Still further, work piece propelling movement subassembly include cylinder fixing base, cylinder, manipulator, the cylinder fix on the cylinder fixing base, this cylinder drives the manipulator and removes, the one end of manipulator set up the emery wheel and stretch into the hole, the emery wheel stretches into the hole and sets up the jack catch all around.
Still further, work piece propelling movement subassembly still be provided with spacing seat, locating part, lower spacing seat, last spacing seat on be provided with the slide rail, the locating part links to each other with the piston of cylinder, the cylinder drives the locating part and removes along the slide rail, lower spacing seat sets up on the bottom plate, the locating part is by last spacing seat and lower spacing seat restriction removal.
Still further, the unloading way include unloading first baffle and unloading second baffle, unloading first baffle is fixed on the bottom plate, and the cross section of this unloading first baffle is L type structure, and the ninth U type hole has been seted up to unloading first baffle, and unloading second baffle passes through the bolt and inserts in the ninth U type hole and fix on unloading first baffle.
Further, the grinding wheel is connected with a grinding wheel driving main shaft, and the grinding wheel driving main shaft is arranged on a carriage which is driven by a grinding wheel feeding motor.
Still further, the lathe body on still be provided with the emery wheel trimmer, this emery wheel trimmer sets up on the carriage, and the emery wheel trimmer top is provided with the gyration driving motor, and the gyration driving motor passes through the reduction gear and connects the trimming swing arm, the trimming swing arm on be provided with the buddha's warrior attendant pen.
3. Advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the technical scheme provided by the invention has the following remarkable effects:
(1) According to the full-automatic numerical control compound internal surface grinding machine, the servo driving mechanism is provided with 3 servo motors, the automatic feeding of the grinding wheel and the automatic matching of the workpiece with the position of the grinding wheel are respectively controlled, the automatic trimming of the grinding wheel is controlled by the trimmer, the workpiece conveying mechanism is used for limiting the workpiece to be ground when the mechanical arm pushes the ground workpiece to an internal surface machining station, meanwhile, the ground workpiece is released and is output through a blanking channel, after the internal surface machining is finished, the mechanical arm carries the ground workpiece to return, the ground workpiece automatically falls out of a grabbing station, the workpiece to be ground is automatically fed into the grabbing station, the feeding and blanking rhythms can be controlled only by the mechanical arm, the automatic cycle of feeding, machining and blanking is realized, the structural design is ingenious, the structure of the original internal surface grinding machine is greatly simplified, each mechanism is matched with high efficiency, the control procedure is simple, and the internal surface machining efficiency is high;
(2) According to the full-automatic numerical control composite inner surface grinding machine, the feeding channel, the blocking channel and the discharging channel are all surrounded by the blocking plate, the U-shaped holes are formed in different positions of the blocking plate, the positions of the blocking plate can be adjusted through the adjusting bolts, and then the inner space surrounded by the feeding channel, the blocking channel and the discharging channel can be flexibly adjusted according to the sizes of different workpieces to be ground, namely, the workpieces to be ground can accurately fall into a manipulator grabbing station through the feeding channel and the blocking channel and then can be reliably output through the discharging channel, and meanwhile, the defects that the workpieces to be ground collide up and down in the feeding channel and the inner space of the discharging channel are too wide, and scratches and the like are generated on the surfaces of the workpieces to be ground are avoided;
(3) The full-automatic numerical control compound inner surface grinding machine is simple to operate, manual intervention is not needed in the whole machining process, the labor intensity of workers is low, the situation that the personal safety of the workers is endangered is avoided, one-man multi-machine operation can be realized, and the production cost is reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a material channel in a full-automatic numerical control composite inner surface grinding machine;
FIG. 2 is a front view of a chute according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a rear view of the chute of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the servo drive mechanism of the full-automatic numerical control compound inner surface grinding machine;
reference numerals in the schematic drawings illustrate:
11. feeding a first baffle; 111. a first U-shaped hole; 12. feeding a second baffle; 121. a second U-shaped hole; 21. a bottom plate; 211. a material channel adjusting hole; 22. a supporting plate; 31. a first adjustment baffle; 311. a third U-shaped hole; 312. a fourth U-shaped hole; 32. a second adjustment baffle; 321. a fifth U-shaped hole; 322. a sixth U-shaped hole; 41. a material blocking first baffle; 42. a second baffle for blocking materials; 51. an auxiliary plate; 511. a seventh U-shaped hole; 52. a sensor; 6. a material supporting rod; 71. a fixing seat; 72. an upper limit seat; 721. an eighth U-shaped hole; 722. a slide rail; 73. a cylinder fixing seat; 74. a cylinder; 75. a limiting piece; 76. a lower limit seat; 77. a manipulator; 771. the grinding wheel stretches into the hole; 772. a claw; 81. blanking a first baffle; 811. a ninth U-shaped aperture; 82. blanking a second baffle; 91. a grinding wheel feeding motor; 92. the grinding wheel drives the main shaft; 93. a workpiece feed motor; 94. a carriage; 95. a magnetic chuck; 96. a rotary drive motor; 97. trimming the swing arm; 98. a workpiece; 10. a bed body.
Detailed Description
For a further understanding of the present invention, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings and examples.
Example 1
Referring to the drawings, a full-automatic numerical control compound inner surface grinding machine of the embodiment comprises a machine body 10, a servo driving mechanism and a workpiece conveying mechanism. Among them, referring to fig. 4, the servo drive mechanism of the present embodiment includes a grinding wheel feed motor 91, a grinding wheel drive spindle 92, a workpiece feed motor 93, a carriage 94, a magnetic chuck 95, a grinding wheel, and a grinding wheel dresser. The grinding wheel feeding motor 91 is arranged at one side of the length direction of the bed body 10, and the grinding wheel feeding motor 91 drives a carriage to reciprocate along the length direction of the bed body 10. A grinding wheel drive spindle 92 is provided on the carriage, and the grinding wheel drive spindle 92 is connected with a grinding wheel to control the rotation of the grinding wheel to cut and grind a workpiece 98. One side of the width direction of the bed body 10 is provided with a workpiece feeding motor 93, the workpiece feeding motor 93 drives a carriage 94 to reciprocate along the width direction of the bed body 10, a magnetic chuck 95 is arranged on the carriage 94 and moves along with the carriage 94, and in the embodiment, a workpiece 98 conveyed to a processing station by a workpiece conveying mechanism is adsorbed and fixed by the magnetic chuck 95, and a grinding wheel grinds the workpiece 98.
The bed 10 is also provided with a grinding wheel dresser which is also arranged on the carriage 94 and driven by a workpiece feeding motor 93 to move together with the carriage 94. The top of the grinding wheel trimmer is provided with a rotary driving motor 96, the rotary driving motor 96 is connected with a trimming swing arm 97 through a speed reducer, and the trimming swing arm 97 is provided with a diamond pen. The grinding wheel dresser of the embodiment mainly achieves the purpose of directly dressing the grinding wheel through the cooperation of three servo motors, namely the grinding wheel feeding motor 91, the workpiece feeding motor 93 and the rotary driving motor 96 when the grinding wheel is used for a period of time and needs to be dressed.
The workpiece conveying mechanism is arranged on the bed body 10, particularly is arranged on the side edge of the magnetic chuck 95, and referring to fig. 1, 2 and 3, the workpiece conveying mechanism comprises a feeding channel, a blocking channel, a workpiece pushing assembly and a discharging channel, a workpiece 98 passes through the feeding channel and the blocking channel to a grabbing station of the workpiece pushing assembly, and the workpiece pushing assembly pushes the workpiece 98 to a machining station for grinding; the ground workpiece 98 is output through a discharging channel, in this embodiment, the feeding channel, the blocking channel and the discharging channel are all surrounded by blocking plates, and U-shaped holes are arranged at different positions of each blocking plate to adjust the positions of the blocking plates. In this embodiment, the specific structural design of the feeding channel, the blocking channel, the workpiece pushing assembly and the discharging channel is as follows:
the feeding channel comprises a first feeding baffle 11 and a second feeding baffle 12, the first feeding baffle 11 is fixed on a bottom plate 21, the cross section of the first feeding baffle 11 is of an L-shaped structure, first U-shaped holes 111 are formed in the first feeding baffle 11 at intervals along the length direction, second U-shaped holes 121 are formed in the second feeding baffle 12 at intervals along the length direction, the opening directions of the first U-shaped holes 111 and the second U-shaped holes 121 are perpendicular, and the second feeding baffle 12 is inserted into the first U-shaped holes 111 and the second U-shaped holes 121 through bolts to be fixed on the first feeding baffle 11. By arranging the first U-shaped holes 111, the distance between the first feeding baffle 11 and the second feeding baffle 12 can be adjusted, and the length of the feeding channel can be adjusted by arranging the second U-shaped holes 121.
The material blocking channel comprises a first adjusting baffle 31, a second adjusting baffle 32, a material blocking first baffle 41 and a material blocking second baffle 42, wherein the first adjusting baffle 31 and the second adjusting baffle 32 are oppositely arranged to form a channel. The third U-shaped holes 311 are formed in the first adjusting baffle plate 31, the third U-shaped holes 311 are formed in the vertical direction, two first adjusting baffle plates 31 are fixed on the supporting plate 22 through the third U-shaped holes 311, and the first adjusting baffle plate 31 can be adjusted to move in parallel relative to the second adjusting baffle plate 32 through the third U-shaped holes 311. The second adjusting baffle 32 is provided with a fifth U-shaped hole 321, the fifth U-shaped hole 321 is arranged along the horizontal direction, the second adjusting baffle 32 is fixed on the supporting plate 22 through the fifth U-shaped hole 321, and the second adjusting baffle 32 can be adjusted to vertically move relative to the first adjusting baffle 31 by arranging the fifth U-shaped hole 321, so that the distance between the first adjusting baffle 31 and the second adjusting baffle 32 can be adjusted.
The first adjusting baffle 31 is provided with a fourth U-shaped hole 312, the second adjusting baffle 32 is provided with a sixth U-shaped hole 322, the fourth U-shaped hole 312 and the sixth U-shaped hole 322 are all arranged along the direction vertical to the bottom plate 21, the material blocking first baffle 41 is fixed on the first adjusting baffle 31 through the fourth U-shaped hole 312, and the material blocking second baffle 42 is fixed on the second adjusting baffle 32 through the sixth U-shaped hole 322. The first baffle 41 and the second baffle 42 are disposed inside the space surrounded by the first adjusting baffle 31 and the second adjusting baffle 32, and the distance between the first baffle 41 and the second baffle 42 and the supporting plate 22 can be adjusted by disposing the fourth U-shaped hole 312 and the sixth U-shaped hole 322.
The material blocking second baffle 42 on be connected with auxiliary plate 51, set up seventh U type hole 511 on this auxiliary plate 51, can adjust the position that auxiliary plate 51 is located through this seventh U type hole 511, be fixed with sensor 52 on the auxiliary plate 51, this sensor 52 is photoelectric sensor, can record whether there is work piece 98 to pass through, and the bottom that keeps off the material way is provided with holds in the palm material pole 6, this holds in the palm the effect of material pole 6 is before the manipulator 77 does not push work piece 98 to the processing station, prevents that work piece 98 from falling out.
The workpiece pushing assembly comprises a fixing seat 71, an upper limiting seat 72, an air cylinder fixing seat 73, an air cylinder 74, a limiting piece 75, a lower limiting seat 76 and a manipulator 77, wherein the fixing seat 71 is fixed on the back of the bottom plate 21, the upper limiting seat 72 and the air cylinder fixing seat 73 are arranged on the fixing seat 71, the air cylinder 74 is fixed on the air cylinder fixing seat 73, the air cylinder 74 drives the manipulator 77 to move, one end of the manipulator 77 is provided with a grinding wheel extending hole 771, and claws 772 are arranged around the grinding wheel extending hole 771. The upper limit seat 72 is provided with an eighth U-shaped hole 721 and a sliding rail 722, and the position of the upper limit seat 72 can be adjusted through the eighth U-shaped hole 721. The limiting piece 75 is connected with a piston of the air cylinder 74, the air cylinder 74 drives the limiting piece 75 to move along the sliding rail 722, the lower limiting seat 76 is arranged on the bottom plate 21, and the limiting piece 75 is limited to move by the upper limiting seat 72 and the lower limiting seat 76. By providing the limiting mechanism, the motion of the robot 77 can be precisely controlled.
The bottom plate 21 on be provided with material way regulation hole 211, the unloading is said and is included unloading first baffle 81 and unloading second baffle 82, unloading first baffle 81 passes through material way regulation hole 211 to be fixed on the bottom plate 21, can adjust the position of unloading way through material way regulation hole 211, the cross section of this unloading first baffle 81 is L type structure, and the unloading first baffle 81 has offered ninth U type hole 811, unloading second baffle 82 passes through the bolt and inserts in the ninth U type hole 811 to be fixed on unloading first baffle 81.
The full-automatic numerical control compound internal surface grinding machine of this embodiment, servo driving mechanism sets up 3 servo motors, control emery wheel automatic feed respectively, the automatic matching emery wheel position of work piece, and control trimmer automatically trimming emery wheel, its work piece conveying mechanism, the manipulator is when propelling movement grinding work piece to internal surface processing station, spacing wait to grind the work piece, release the work piece that has ground simultaneously and export through the unloading way, after the internal surface processing is accomplished, the manipulator carries the grinding work piece return, the grinding work piece is automatic to drop out and snatch the station, wait to grind the work piece and mend the station of snatching automatically, can control the rhythm of material loading and unloading only through the manipulator, the automatic cycle of material loading-processing-unloading has been realized, structural design is ingenious, original internal surface grinding machine's structure has been simplified greatly, each mechanism is high-efficient cooperation, control procedure is simple, internal surface machining efficiency is high. The feeding channel, the blocking channel and the discharging channel are surrounded by the blocking plate, U-shaped holes are formed in different positions of the blocking plate, the positions of the blocking plate can be adjusted through adjusting bolts, then the inner space surrounded by the feeding channel, the blocking channel and the discharging channel can be flexibly adjusted according to the sizes of different workpieces to be ground, namely, the workpieces to be ground can accurately fall into a manipulator grabbing station through the feeding channel and the blocking channel, and then are reliably output through the discharging channel, meanwhile, the defects that the inner space of the feeding channel, the blocking channel and the discharging channel is too wide, the workpieces to be ground collide up and down in the material channel, scratches are generated on the surfaces of the workpieces to be ground, and the like are avoided. The whole processing process does not need manual intervention, the operation is simple, the labor intensity of staff is low, the situation that the personal safety of the staff is endangered can not occur, the operation of one person and multiple machines can be realized, and the production cost is reduced.
The invention and its embodiments have been described above by way of illustration and not limitation, and the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings and described in the drawings in which the actual structure is not limited thereto. Therefore, if one of ordinary skill in the art is informed by this disclosure, the structural mode and the embodiments similar to the technical scheme are not creatively designed without departing from the gist of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a compound internal surface grinding machine of full-automatic numerical control, includes bed body (10), servo drive mechanism and work piece conveying mechanism, its characterized in that: the workpiece conveying mechanism comprises a feeding channel, a blocking channel, a workpiece pushing assembly and a discharging channel, wherein a workpiece (98) passes through the feeding channel and the blocking channel to a grabbing station of the workpiece pushing assembly, and the workpiece pushing assembly pushes the workpiece (98) to a machining station for grinding; the ground workpiece (98) is output through a discharging channel, the feeding channel, the blocking channel and the discharging channel are all surrounded by blocking plates, and the positions of the blocking plates are adjustable; the servo driving mechanism comprises a workpiece feeding motor (93), a carriage (94), a magnetic chuck (95) and a grinding wheel, wherein the magnetic chuck (95) is arranged on the carriage (94), the workpiece feeding motor (93) drives the carriage (94) to move in the horizontal direction, the magnetic chuck (95) moves to a workpiece processing station, and a workpiece (98) is adsorbed and fixed; the grinding wheel cuts and grinds a workpiece (98);
the feeding channel comprises a first feeding baffle (11) and a second feeding baffle (12), the first feeding baffle (11) is fixed on a bottom plate (21), the cross section of the first feeding baffle (11) is of an L-shaped structure, first U-shaped holes (111) are formed in the first feeding baffle (11) at intervals along the length direction, second U-shaped holes (121) are formed in the second feeding baffle (12) at intervals along the length direction, the opening directions of the first U-shaped holes (111) and the second U-shaped holes (121) are perpendicular, and the second feeding baffle (12) is inserted into the first U-shaped holes (111) and the second U-shaped holes (121) through bolts and is fixed on the first feeding baffle (11);
the material blocking channel comprises a first adjusting baffle (31), a second adjusting baffle (32), a material blocking first baffle (41) and a material blocking second baffle (42), wherein a third U-shaped hole (311) is formed in the first adjusting baffle (31), the first adjusting baffle (31) is fixed on the supporting plate (22) through the third U-shaped hole (311), and the first adjusting baffle (31) can move in parallel relative to the second adjusting baffle (32); a fifth U-shaped hole (321) is formed in the second adjusting baffle plate (32), the second adjusting baffle plate (32) is fixed on the supporting plate (22) through the fifth U-shaped hole (321), and the second adjusting baffle plate (32) can vertically move relative to the first adjusting baffle plate (31); the material blocking first baffle (41) is fixed on the first adjusting baffle (31), and the material blocking second baffle (42) is fixed on the second adjusting baffle (32);
a fourth U-shaped hole (312) is formed in the first adjusting baffle plate (31), a sixth U-shaped hole (322) is formed in the second adjusting baffle plate (32), the fourth U-shaped hole (312) and the sixth U-shaped hole (322) are formed in the direction perpendicular to the bottom plate (21), the material blocking first baffle plate (41) is fixed on the first adjusting baffle plate (31) through the fourth U-shaped hole (312), and the material blocking second baffle plate (42) is fixed on the second adjusting baffle plate (32) through the sixth U-shaped hole (322);
the blanking channel comprises a blanking first baffle (81) and a blanking second baffle (82), wherein the blanking first baffle (81) is fixed on a bottom plate (21), the cross section of the blanking first baffle (81) is of an L-shaped structure, a ninth U-shaped hole (811) is formed in the blanking first baffle (81), and the blanking second baffle (82) is inserted into the ninth U-shaped hole (811) through a bolt to be fixed on the blanking first baffle (81).
2. The fully automatic numerically controlled compound internal surface grinding machine as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the material blocking second baffle (42) is connected with an auxiliary plate (51), and a sensor (52) is fixed on the auxiliary plate (51).
3. A fully automatic numerically controlled compound internal surface grinding machine as set forth in claim 1 or 2, wherein: the workpiece pushing assembly comprises an air cylinder fixing seat (73), an air cylinder (74) and a manipulator (77), wherein the air cylinder (74) is fixed on the air cylinder fixing seat (73), the air cylinder (74) drives the manipulator (77) to move, one end of the manipulator (77) is provided with a grinding wheel extending hole (771), and claws (772) are arranged around the grinding wheel extending hole (771).
4. A fully automatic numerically controlled compound internal surface grinding machine as set forth in claim 3, wherein: the workpiece pushing assembly is further provided with an upper limiting seat (72), a limiting part (75) and a lower limiting seat (76), the upper limiting seat (72) is provided with a sliding rail (722), the limiting part (75) is connected with a piston of an air cylinder (74), the air cylinder (74) drives the limiting part (75) to move along the sliding rail (722), the lower limiting seat (76) is arranged on the bottom plate (21), and the limiting part (75) is limited to move by the upper limiting seat (72) and the lower limiting seat (76).
5. The fully automatic numerically controlled compound internal surface grinding machine as set forth in claim 4, wherein: the grinding wheel is connected with a grinding wheel driving main shaft (92), and the grinding wheel driving main shaft (92) is arranged on a carriage which is driven by a grinding wheel feeding motor (91).
6. The fully automatic numerically controlled compound internal surface grinding machine as set forth in claim 5, wherein: the grinding wheel dresser is characterized in that the bed body (10) is further provided with a grinding wheel dresser, the grinding wheel dresser is arranged on the carriage (94), the top of the grinding wheel dresser is provided with a rotary driving motor (96), the rotary driving motor (96) is connected with a dressing swing arm (97) through a speed reducer, and a diamond pen is arranged on the dressing swing arm (97).
CN201810355696.8A 2018-04-19 2018-04-19 Full-automatic numerical control compound internal surface grinding machine Active CN108340243B (en)

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CN201810355696.8A CN108340243B (en) 2018-04-19 2018-04-19 Full-automatic numerical control compound internal surface grinding machine

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CN108994667B (en) * 2018-08-22 2021-03-23 马鞍山市恒永利机械科技有限公司 Workpiece grinding method with high end face machining precision
CN108857653B (en) * 2018-08-22 2023-06-27 马鞍山市恒利达机械刀片有限公司 High-end-face machining precision compound grinding machine and workpiece conveying device thereof
CN113618513B (en) * 2021-08-19 2022-11-18 福优特(洛阳)智能装备有限公司 Automatic unloader that goes up of jumbo size bearing inner race

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