CN108174826A - A kind of yellow meal worm helps strong method - Google Patents

A kind of yellow meal worm helps strong method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108174826A
CN108174826A CN201810145315.3A CN201810145315A CN108174826A CN 108174826 A CN108174826 A CN 108174826A CN 201810145315 A CN201810145315 A CN 201810145315A CN 108174826 A CN108174826 A CN 108174826A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
larva
yellow meal
worm
filial
male
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810145315.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
易传辉
曹亚军
张正旺
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhangjiagang Xingmao Insect Biological Technology Co Ltd
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Zhangjiagang Xingmao Insect Biological Technology Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Zhangjiagang Xingmao Insect Biological Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Zhangjiagang Xingmao Insect Biological Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810145315.3A priority Critical patent/CN108174826A/en
Publication of CN108174826A publication Critical patent/CN108174826A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates

Abstract

Strong method is helped the invention discloses a kind of yellow meal worm, including introducing well-developed linal-instar larvae, linal-instar larvae male and female are separately fed to obtain emergence male worm and emergence female adult, using well-developed emergence male worm as male parent, well-developed emergence female adult mates as female parent, collect the ovum of male parent and maternal mating output, it is bred, after breeding first filial generation larva, well-developed first filial generation larva is selected it to be allowed to be selfed as parent, obtain second filial larva, Quality Detection is carried out to the second filial larva cultivated, using the third generation as production introduces a collection if quality is better than Exotic provenance, it is on the contrary then eliminate.A kind of yellow meal worm of the present invention helps strong method, is mated by selecting defect individual in yellow meal worm linal-instar larvae, effectively raises the quality of yellow meal worm, has contained the variety deterioration of yellow meal worm.

Description

A kind of yellow meal worm helps strong method
Technical field
The present invention relates to cultural technique fields, and in particular to a kind of yellow meal worm helps strong method.
Background technology
Bloom Eimeria coleoptera tenebrionid, the 1950s introduce China.Yellow meal worm is full of nutrition, rich in egg White matter, amino acid, vitamin, trace element and unrighted acid, be a kind of very outstanding novel animal protein sources and Scientific research material has high utility value and Utilization prospects in feed, food and medicine health care etc..
In recent years, domestic market demand constantly expands, and also rapid growth, the yellow meal worm market demand increase export volume.But by In reasons such as selfings, the problem of variety deterioration occurs in yellow meal worm cultivation, such as develops slow, polypide and becomes smaller, and resistance declines etc., The development of yellow meal worm industry has been seriously affected, has become one of bottleneck of industry development.Currently, variety deterioration is supported as yellow meal worm The major issue grown seriously constrains quick, the sound development of yellow meal worm industry.
Invention content
Strong method is helped the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of yellow meal worm that can improve yellow meal worm quality.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
A kind of yellow meal worm helps strong method, includes the following steps:
(1)The selection and breeding room with the condition that is protected from light is established, and more well-developed yellow meal worms last age is introduced into the selection and breeding room Larva;
(2)By step(1)The male worm of the yellow meal worm linal-instar larvae of middle introducing and female adult are separately fed, and obtain sprouting wings male Worm and emergence female adult;
(3)Select step(2)In the well-developed emergence male worm as male parent, the well-developed emergence female adult conduct Female parent allows the male parent and the female parent to be mated and be laid eggs;
(4)Collection step(3)The ovum of middle output is bred, and obtains first filial generation larva;
(5)Selecting step(4)In the well-developed first filial generation larva as parent, and it is allowed to be selfed, after selfing It lays eggs and breeds to obtain second filial larva;
(6)To step(5)In the obtained second filial larva carry out Quality Detection, if the second filial larva quality is better than drawing The yellow meal worm linal-instar larvae entered then allows the second filial larva to continue to be selfed and breeds to obtain child three generations larva, by described in Child three generations larva carries out high-volume breeding as production introduces a collection;If the second filial larva quality is less than the bloom introduced Worm linal-instar larvae then eliminates the second filial larva.
Preferably, in the step(1)In, the temperature of the selection and breeding room is 25-30 DEG C, relative humidity 60-70%.
Preferably, in the step(1)In, the area of the selection and breeding room is 100-150 ㎡.
Preferably, in the step(3)In, the ratio of the emergence male worm and the emergence female adult is 1.2:1.
Preferably, in the step(4)In, the acquisition time of the ovum for the male parent and the maternal post-coitum the In 5-60 days.
Due to the utilization of above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention has following advantages compared with prior art:One kind of the present invention Yellow meal worm helps strong method, is mated by selecting defect individual in yellow meal worm linal-instar larvae, effectively raises bloom The quality of worm has contained the variety deterioration of yellow meal worm.
Specific embodiment
Technical scheme of the present invention is further elaborated with reference to specific embodiment.
A kind of yellow meal worm helps strong method, includes the following steps:
(1)The selection and breeding room with the condition that is protected from light is established, and more well-developed yellow meal worm linal-instar larvaes are introduced into selection and breeding room.
Herein, the temperature of selection and breeding room is 25-30 DEG C, relative humidity 60-70%.In order to ensure the temperature condition and wet Degree condition, first, selection and breeding room are established place and should be selected in the place of hidding and sunny side, and secondly, the wall of selection and breeding room should select ring It protects, thermal insulation material is made, and the equipment of the control temperature and humidity such as air-conditioning, humidifier, heater, guarantee are set in selection and breeding room The temperature condition and damp condition of yellow meal worm growth.Herein, since yellow meal worm dislike of bright lights are shone, selection and breeding room has to keep away Light.The area of selection and breeding room is 100-150 ㎡, which not only ensure that effective activity space of yellow meal worm, but also save cost.Together When, the requirement of selecting of yellow meal worm linal-instar larvae is that polypide is big, early, movable rapid into the last time in age, is weeded out as far as possible not Good individual.
(2)By step(1)The male worm of the yellow meal worm linal-instar larvae of middle introducing and female adult are separately fed, and obtain sprouting wings male Worm and emergence female adult.
Herein, male worm and female adult are respectively put into different breeding boxes and fed, male worm and female adult is made to change respectively Pupa, emergence.Since yellow meal worm is easiest at last age distinguish male and female, male and female must be separated and be fed when feeding It supports, avoids developing bad emergence male worm and emergence female adult mates.
(3)Select step(2)In well-developed emergence male worm as male parent, well-developed emergence female adult is as female This, allows male parent and female parent to be mated and be laid eggs.
Herein, select that emergence time is early, individual is big, body colour is vivid, movable rapid emergence male worm and emergence female adult make For parent, and emergence male worm and emergence female adult is allowed to mate.
(4)Collection step(3)The ovum of middle output is bred, and obtains first filial generation larva.Herein, during the collection of ovum Between in the 5-60 days of male parent and maternal post-coitum.Herein, the acquisition time of ovum is male parent and the 5- of maternal post-coitum In 60 days.Herein, the in 5-60 days, and before the 5th day, egg-laying time is also not achieved in female parent, after the 5th day, collects one daily Deutovum, to ensure with a collection of larvae development condition and time consistency.
(5)Selecting step(4)In the well-developed first filial generation larva as parent, and it is allowed to be selfed, from It lays eggs after friendship and breeds to obtain second filial larva.
(6)To step(5)In the obtained second filial larva carry out Quality Detection, if the second filial larva quality is excellent In the yellow meal worm linal-instar larvae of introducing, then the second filial larva is allowed to continue to be selfed and breeds to obtain child three generations larva, it will The child three generations larva carries out high-volume breeding as production introduces a collection;If the second filial larva quality is described less than what is introduced Yellow meal worm linal-instar larvae then eliminates the second filial larva.
Two different embodiments for the present invention below.
Embodiment 1
In the present embodiment, linal-instar larvae introduce 10000, wherein, linal-instar larvae Individule mean weight 0.45g, female adult and The ratio of male worm is 1:1.2.Using the above method help it is strong, to second filial larva carry out Quality Detection, testing result is with drawing Kind introduces a collection is compared, Individule mean weight 0.06 ~ 0.15g of increase, growth cycle 3 ~ 5d of shortening, and feed conversion rate raising 10.0 ~ 14.0%, group's survival rate improves 3.0 ~ 8.0%, and adult worms producting eggs rate improves 11.0 ~ 15.0%, and disease resistance improves, big with age in days individual Small difference is smaller, protein content(Linal-instar larvae dry weight)Improve 1.2 ~ 2.6%.
Embodiment 2
In the present embodiment, difference lies in be randomly incorporated into 10000 linal-instar larvaes, and do not have to linal-instar larvae with embodiment 1 Any requirement allows linal-instar larvae pangamy to breed offspring after introducing, similary that second filial larva is selected to carry out Quality Detection, detection As a result compared with Exotic provenance, individual weight average reduces 0.05-0.09g, and growth cycle extends 8-12d, feed conversion rate drop Low 7.9%, group's survival rate reduces by 19.1%, and adult worms producting eggs rate reduces by 33.4%, while disease resistance weakens, and individual difference is big, albumen Matter content(Linal-instar larvae dry weight)Reduce by 3.6%.
The present invention's helps the yellow meal worm that strong method is produced, individual weight, life it can be seen from above-mentioned two embodiment The items such as long period, feed conversion rate, group's survival rate, disease resistance, adult worms producting eggs rate, growth consistency, nutrition content Index is superior to Exotic provenance, overcomes prior art deficiency, can greatly improve cultured output, quality and economic benefit, greatly The variety deterioration for having contained yellow meal worm.It is put into practice by cultivation for many years, be produced on a large scale cultivation.The method of the present invention can It leans on, at low cost, easy to operate, saving of work and time, culture efficiency is preferable.
The above embodiments merely illustrate the technical concept and features of the present invention, and its object is to allow person skilled in the art Scholar can understand present disclosure and be implemented, and it is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, all according to the present invention The equivalent change or modification that Spirit Essence is made should all cover within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of yellow meal worm helps strong method, it is characterised in that:Include the following steps:
(1)The selection and breeding room with the condition that is protected from light is established, and more well-developed yellow meal worms last age is introduced into the selection and breeding room Larva;
(2)By step(1)The male worm of the yellow meal worm linal-instar larvae of middle introducing and female adult are separately fed, and obtain sprouting wings male Worm and emergence female adult;
(3)Select step(2)In the well-developed emergence male worm as male parent, the well-developed emergence female adult conduct Female parent allows the male parent and the female parent to be mated and be laid eggs;
(4)Collection step(3)The ovum of middle output is bred, and obtains first filial generation larva;
(5)Selecting step(4)In the well-developed first filial generation larva as parent, and it is allowed to be selfed, after selfing It lays eggs and breeds to obtain second filial larva;
(6)To step(5)In the obtained second filial larva carry out Quality Detection, if the second filial larva quality is better than drawing The yellow meal worm linal-instar larvae entered then allows the second filial larva to continue to be selfed and breeds to obtain child three generations larva, by described in Child three generations larva carries out high-volume breeding as production introduces a collection;If the second filial larva quality is less than the bloom introduced Worm linal-instar larvae then eliminates the second filial larva.
2. a kind of yellow meal worm according to claim 1 helps strong method, it is characterised in that:In the step(1)In, it is described The temperature of selection and breeding room is 25-30 DEG C, relative humidity 60-70%.
3. a kind of yellow meal worm according to claim 1 helps strong method, it is characterised in that:In the step(1)In, it is described The area of selection and breeding room is 100-150 ㎡.
4. a kind of yellow meal worm according to claim 1 helps strong method, it is characterised in that:In the step(3)In, it is described The ratio of emergence male worm and the emergence female adult is 1.2:1.
5. a kind of yellow meal worm according to claim 1 helps strong method, it is characterised in that:In the step(4)In, it is described The acquisition time of ovum is in the 5-60 day of the male parent and the maternal post-coitum.
CN201810145315.3A 2018-02-12 2018-02-12 A kind of yellow meal worm helps strong method Pending CN108174826A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112471079A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-12 兰州大学 Indoor artificial feeding method for Qinghai-Tibet plateau grassland caterpillars

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5005416A (en) * 1989-04-04 1991-04-09 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Agriculture Insect detection using a pitfall probe trap having vibration detection
CN101449670A (en) * 2007-11-30 2009-06-10 武汉亿农丰生物工程有限公司 Yellow meal worm larva breeding method
CN101796940A (en) * 2010-05-11 2010-08-11 毛长城 Super flour weevil culture technology

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5005416A (en) * 1989-04-04 1991-04-09 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Agriculture Insect detection using a pitfall probe trap having vibration detection
CN101449670A (en) * 2007-11-30 2009-06-10 武汉亿农丰生物工程有限公司 Yellow meal worm larva breeding method
CN101796940A (en) * 2010-05-11 2010-08-11 毛长城 Super flour weevil culture technology

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
杨冠煌: "《昆虫的药用、饲用和养殖》", 30 September 2010, 科学技术文献出版社 *
王智: "《黄粉虫规模化高产养殖及病害防治》", 29 February 2012, 湖南科学技术出版社 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112471079A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-12 兰州大学 Indoor artificial feeding method for Qinghai-Tibet plateau grassland caterpillars

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Application publication date: 20180619

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