CN107857032A - A kind of city intelligent dustbin and its control method - Google Patents

A kind of city intelligent dustbin and its control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107857032A
CN107857032A CN201711351076.9A CN201711351076A CN107857032A CN 107857032 A CN107857032 A CN 107857032A CN 201711351076 A CN201711351076 A CN 201711351076A CN 107857032 A CN107857032 A CN 107857032A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
garbage
room
conveyer belt
rotating shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711351076.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄玉莲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Liuzhou Ding Fu General Machinery Plant
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Liuzhou Ding Fu General Machinery Plant
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Liuzhou Ding Fu General Machinery Plant filed Critical Liuzhou Ding Fu General Machinery Plant
Priority to CN201711351076.9A priority Critical patent/CN107857032A/en
Publication of CN107857032A publication Critical patent/CN107857032A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/14Other constructional features; Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/14Other constructional features; Accessories
    • B65F1/1405Compressing means incorporated in, or specially adapted for, refuse receptacles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2210/00Equipment of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2210/12Crushing means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2210/00Equipment of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2210/128Data transmitting means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2210/00Equipment of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2210/138Identification means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2210/00Equipment of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2210/162Pressing means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2210/00Equipment of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2210/172Solar cells
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2210/00Equipment of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2210/176Sorting means

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of city intelligent dustbin and its control method, belong to garbage reclamation technique field.Including garbage sorting room, its inwall upper center is vertically arranged with first rotating shaft, the first rotating shaft is rotatablely connected by bearing block and the garbage sorting chamber interior walls upper end, the garbage sorting chamber outer wall upper surface is provided with the first motor, the first rotating shaft and first motor connection, the other end is fixedly connected with horizontally disposed belt support frame, the belt support frame is provided with the first conveyer belt, feed hopper is provided with above first conveyer belt, the feed hopper lower end is provided with feeding gate, the second rotating shaft is fixed with the feeding gate side, for making the feeding gate open or close the feed hopper.The invention reside in a kind of city intelligent dustbin and its control method is provided, the dustbin is vdiverse in function, can automatic sorting rubbish, grind up the refuse and compressed garbage;The control method can make the processing of rubbish more intelligent.

Description

A kind of city intelligent dustbin and its control method
Technical field
The invention belongs to garbage reclamation field, especially a kind of city intelligent dustbin and its control method.
Background technology
With expanding economy and the raising of living standards of the people, garbage problem becomes increasingly conspicuous.At present, the collection of rubbish is It is unified by sanitation worker after capacity reaches to a certain degree after being collected using the public plastic garbage bin placed on urban road People, which is transported on car, to be transported garbage disposal area and is handled, because life of urban resident quantity of refuse is very huge, in public rubbish In the case of the finite capacity of rubbish bucket, after rubbish is accumulated in bucket in itself, some garbage bulks are larger, such as lunch box plastics, by In the reason for fluffy, it is easy to which accumulation is full, when resident removes to lose rubbish, is typically never actively gone with hand in compressed garbage bucket Rubbish, therefore, even in dustbin completely when, somebody loses refuse bag on bucket, and refuse bag easily drops to bottom On face, the rubbish in refuse bag can give out a burst of stench, be unfavorable for urban environmental protection;In addition, the finite capacity of dustbin enters one The workload of step increase sanitationman is, it is necessary to often go to change dustbin;And sanitationman will generally enter when collecting rubbish Row sorting rubbish, wastes time and energy.
The content of the invention
The goal of the invention of the present invention is to provide a kind of city intelligent dustbin and its control method, and the dustbin function is more Sample, can automatic sorting rubbish, grind up the refuse and compressed garbage;The control method can make the processing of rubbish more intelligent.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of city intelligent dustbin, including garbage sorting room, its inwall upper center are vertically arranged with first rotating shaft, institute State first rotating shaft to be rotatablely connected by bearing block and the garbage sorting chamber interior walls upper end, the garbage sorting chamber outer wall upper surface Provided with the first motor, the first rotating shaft and first motor connection, the other end are fixedly connected with horizontally disposed belt branch Frame, the belt support frame are provided with the first conveyer belt;Feed hopper is provided with above first conveyer belt, the feed hopper lower end is set There is feeding gate, the second rotating shaft is fixed with the feeding gate side, second rotating shaft passes through bearing block and the garbage sorting Room is rotatablely connected, and for making the feeding gate open or close the feed hopper, second motor is located at the rubbish point Outdoor side wall is picked, second motor is connected with second rotating shaft, and the feed hopper is provided with hopper photoelectric sensor, is used for Whether detection rubbish enters the feed hopper, and garbage sorting room both ends are respectively equipped with the first discharging opening and the second discharging opening, The rubbish detection module for being used for identifying rubbish species is provided between first conveyer belt and the feed hopper;The garbage sorting Chamber outer wall is provided with controller, the controller respectively with the rubbish detection module, hopper photoelectric sensor, the first conveyer belt Motor connection, the first motor and the second motor connection;Garbage reclamation room, it is located at garbage sorting room lower end, and passes through institute The first discharging opening is stated to connect with the garbage sorting room;Rubbish pulverizing chamber, it is located at garbage sorting room lower end, and passes through institute State the second discharging opening to connect with the garbage sorting room, reducing mechanism and feed device are provided with the rubbish pulverizing chamber, it is described Reducing mechanism is located at below first conveyer belt, and the reducing mechanism includes some crushing knifes and a broken knife motor, each The crushing knife includes multiple hexagonal blades and the 3rd rotating shaft, and multiple hexagonal blades are mounted on the 3rd rotating shaft On, and the center of multiple hexagonal blades is respectively positioned on the axis of the 3rd rotating shaft;Some 3rd rotating shafts are horizontal Direction is arranged side by side, and its 3rd rotating shaft both ends is connected to the rubbish by holder pivots and crushes chamber interior walls, and some described the Three rotating shaft identical one end are equipped with gear, and the adjacent gear intermeshes, the hexagonal in adjacent the 3rd rotating shaft Blade is staggered, described one of them described 3rd rotating shaft of broken knife motor driving;The feed device fills located at described crush Lower section is put, the feed device includes horizontally disposed second conveyer belt, the rubbish pulverizing chamber and garbage reclamation room phase To side offer the 3rd discharging opening, the position size of the 3rd discharging opening is corresponding with described second conveyer belt one end;Rubbish Rubbish discharge chambe, it is located between the garbage reclamation room and the rubbish pulverizing chamber, and is located at garbage sorting room lower end, institute State garbage-compressing room to connect with the rubbish pulverizing chamber by the 3rd discharging opening, be vertically arranged with the garbage-compressing room Hydraulically extensible bar, described hydraulically extensible bar one end are fixedly connected with garbage-compressing room top inner wall, and the other end is fixedly connected There are the compression blocks of circle, when the constrictor is in maximum height, the compression blocks are higher than the 3rd discharging opening, the liquid Pressure expansion link is connected with the controller, and the garbage collection box of cylinder, the garbage collection box are provided with below the compression blocks Upper end is provided with opening and the external diameter of its internal diameter and the compression blocks matches, and the dustbin is provided with some conduction holes;The rubbish Rubbish collecting box lower end is provided with water storehouse, and the garbage collection box is to be detachably connected with the water storehouse, the garbage collection box Communicated by the conduction hole with the water storehouse, garbage-compressing room side wall offers first barrel of door, for by the rubbish Rubbish collecting box takes out;Filth disposal room, it is located between the garbage reclamation room and the garbage-compressing room, the filth disposal Interior is provided with water process storehouse and water pump, and the water process storehouse is located at filth disposal room bottom, is provided with the water process storehouse Carbon-point is purified, water process storehouse lateral wall is provided with the drainpipe of belt switch, and described drainpipe one end connects with the water process storehouse Logical, the other end stretches out outside the filth disposal room and contacted with the external world;The water pump is connected with water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, it is described enter Water pipe is arranged in the water storehouse and stretches to its bottom, and the outlet pipe is arranged in the water process storehouse.
Based on said structure:The present invention species of rubbish is identified by rubbish detection module, by first rotating shaft, First conveyer belt and rubbish detection module carry out automatic sorting, are advantageous to the recycling of resource;Reducing mechanism is carried out to rubbish Crush, the volume of rubbish can be diminished, the space of another dustbin is reasonably utilized;Second conveyer belt is by the rubbish after crushing Rubbish is sent to the contracting of garbage-compressing chamber pressure, can be by garbage dewatering and compression, and then garbage bulk is diminished, and is easily recycled;Sewage Purified by carbon-point, reduce pollution of the rubbish to environment.The present invention is vdiverse in function, green to garbage disposal science, improves Sanitation worker's task efficiency.
Further, the rubbish crushes chamber outer wall and is provided with air-heater, the air outlet of the air-heater and the rubbish powder Broken room communicates, the air-heater air outlet between the reducing mechanism and the feed device, the garbage-compressing room with The relative position of 3rd discharging opening is provided with some exhaust vents, and the garbage-compressing room passes through the exhaust vent and the dirt Process chamber is communicated, and blast pipe is provided with the filth disposal room, and described blast pipe one end is connected to the filth disposal chamber interior walls And the exhaust vent is covered, the other end stretches out outside the filth disposal room and communicated with outer air, is provided with and uses in the blast pipe In the purifier of purification gas.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Rubbish is dried by air-heater, destroys bacterium Grow environment.
Further, the rubbish pulverizing chamber lateral wall is provided with solar panel and battery, the power generation plate with The battery connection, the battery provide power supply for each electronic unit of the city intelligent dustbin.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Electric energy is converted into by reclaiming solar energy, and to each electronics Part is powered, and is advantageous to improve the utilization rate of resource.
Further, the rubbish detection module includes image identifier and photosensitive identifier.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Strengthen the accuracy rate of rubbish identification, and then conveniently to rubbish Sorted.
Further, collection box is provided with the recovery room, the collection box upper end is provided with opening, the collection box and institute Recovery room is stated to be detachably connected, the recovery room side wall offers second barrel of door, for the collection box to be taken out.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:The convenient rubbish by collection box carries out timely processing.
Further, charging photoelectric sensor is provided between second discharging opening and the 3rd rotating shaft, for detecting Whether material enters the reducing mechanism, and the broken knife motor and the charging photoelectric sensor connect with the controller respectively Connect.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:By sensor and controller, reducing mechanism is automatically controlled Work, efficiency high.
Further, second conveyer belt is provided with pressure sensor, for detect on second conveyer belt whether There is material, the pressure sensor is connected with the controller respectively with the motor of second conveyer belt.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Judge whether there is on belt by the pressure sensor on belt Material, it can more accurately implement to automate.
Further, liquid level sensor is provided with the water storehouse, it is described for detecting the liquid level of the water storehouse Liquid level sensor is connected with the controller.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:So as to automatically extract water storehouse moisture out, prevent from overflowing.
A kind of control method of city intelligent dustbin, comprises the following steps:
(1) rubbish is put into the feed hopper, the hopper sensor sends a signal to controller, the controller control Second motor beats the feeding gate, and chute door falls into first conveyer belt, shadow of the image identifier to rubbish As being scanned and sending data to controller, the photosensitive identifier gathers rubbish to the characteristic of photoinduction and sent extremely Rubbish is identified as returning by controller, the controller by analyzing photoinduction feature with reference to it image of rubbish Receive rubbish or non-recyclable rubbish, the feeding gate are closed and locked;
(2) when rubbish is recyclable rubbish, the controller controls the first conveyer belt described in first motor driven Rubbish is simultaneously transmitted into the collection box towards the first discharging opening, when transmission finishes, the first conveyer belt stop motion, described the One rotating shaft goes to conveyer belt below feed hopper, the feeding gate unblock;
(3) when rubbish is not recyclable rubbish, the controller controls first conveyer belt that rubbish is sent into the Two discharging openings, when transmission finishes, the first conveyer belt stop motion, the first rotating shaft goes to conveyer belt under feed hopper Side, the feeding gate unblock;
(4) when rubbish falls into the cutter device from second discharging opening, the charging photoelectric sensor sends letter Number to the controller, the controller controls the reducing mechanism operating to crush rubbish;
(5) rubbish after crushing falls into second conveyer belt, and the pressure sensor sends information to the controller, The controller control controls the air-heater to start, and controls second conveyer belt that the rubbish after crushing is sent into rubbish pressure Contracting room simultaneously falls into garbage collection box;
(6) when pressure sensor detect on belt when there is no material, the controller controls second conveyer belt Stop motion, while start hydraulic stem by garbage-compressing 4-7 times in garbage collection box, by garbage-compressing, dehydration, and by moisture It is drained to water storehouse;
(7) when the liquid level of the water storehouse reaches certain height, signal is sent to the control by the liquid level sensor Device, the controller control water pump say that the moisture in water storehouse is evacuated to the water process storehouse.
Based on the above method:The present invention can carry out the processing of science to rubbish automatically, be advantageous to improve sanitationman's Operating efficiency, and each electronic unit starts work specific when, it is energy-efficient.
Due to using above-mentioned technical proposal, the invention has the advantages that:
1. the species of rubbish is identified by rubbish detection module by the present invention, divided automatically by the first conveyer belt Pick, be advantageous to the recycling of resource;Reducing mechanism crushes to rubbish, and the volume of rubbish can diminish, another dustbin Space be reasonably utilized;Rubbish after crushing is sent to the contracting of garbage-compressing chamber pressure by the second conveyer belt, can be by rubbish Dehydration and compression, and then garbage bulk is diminished, it is easily recycled;Sewage purifies by carbon-point, reduces pollution of the rubbish to environment. The present invention is vdiverse in function, green to garbage disposal science, improves sanitation worker's task efficiency.
2. being dried in the present invention by air-heater to rubbish, the growth environment of bacterium is destroyed, makes town environment more Environmental protection.
3. the present invention is converted into electric energy by reclaiming solar energy, and is powered each electronic unit, be advantageous to improve money The utilization rate in source.
4. the control method of the present invention makes the start and stop specific when of each electronic unit, energy-efficient.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of cutter device of the present invention;
The connection block diagram of each electronic unit in Fig. 3 present invention;
Main element symbol description is as follows in figure:
In accompanying drawing, 1- garbage sortings room, 2- feed hoppers, the conveyer belts of 3- first, 4- hydraulically extensibles bar, 5- compression blocks, 6- Three rotating shafts, 7- hexagonals blade, 8- gears, 9- air-heaters, 10- rubbish pulverizing chamber, the conveyer belts of 11- second, 12- water storehouses, 13- water Pump, 14- water process storehouse, 15- purifiers, 16- garbage reclamations room, 17- filth disposals room, 18- blast pipes, 19- first rotating shafts, 20- belt support frames, 21- feeding gates.
Embodiment
The specific implementation of invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As Figure 1-3, a kind of city intelligent dustbin, including garbage sorting room 1, garbage reclamation room 16, rubbish crushing Room 10, garbage-compressing room and filth disposal room 17.The inwall upper center of garbage sorting room 1 is vertically arranged with first rotating shaft 19, First rotating shaft 19 is rotatablely connected by bearing block and the inwall upper end of garbage sorting room 1, and the outer wall upper surface of garbage sorting room 1 is provided with the One motor, the motor connection of first rotating shaft 19 and first, the other end are fixedly connected with horizontally disposed belt support frame 20, belt support frame 20 are provided with the first conveyer belt 3, and the top of the first conveyer belt 3 is provided with feed hopper 2, and the lower end of feed hopper 2 is provided with feeding gate 21, feeding gate The second rotating shaft is fixed with 21 sides, the second rotating shaft is rotatablely connected by bearing block and garbage sorting room 1, for making feeding gate 21 Feed hopper 2 is opened or closed, the second motor is located at the lateral wall of garbage sorting room 1, and the second motor is connected with the second rotating shaft, charging Bucket 2 is provided with hopper photoelectric sensor, whether enters feed hopper 2 for detecting rubbish, and the both ends of garbage sorting room 1 are respectively equipped with the One discharging opening and the second discharging opening, the rubbish detection mould for being used to identify rubbish species is provided between the first conveyer belt 3 and feed hopper 2 Block;The outer wall of garbage sorting room 1 is provided with controller, and controller transmits with rubbish detection module, hopper photoelectric sensor, first respectively The motor connection of band, the first motor and the second motor connection.
Garbage reclamation room 16 is located at the lower end of garbage sorting room 1, and is connected by the first discharging opening with garbage sorting room 1.
Rubbish pulverizing chamber 10 is located at the lower end of garbage sorting room 1, and is connected by the second discharging opening with garbage sorting room 1, rubbish Reducing mechanism and feed device are provided with rubbish pulverizing chamber 10, reducing mechanism is located at the lower section of the first conveyer belt 3, if reducing mechanism includes Dry grinding knife and a broken knife motor, each crushing knife include multiple hexagonal blades 7 and the 3rd rotating shaft 6, multiple hexagonal knives Piece 7 is mounted in the 3rd rotating shaft 6, and the center of multiple hexagonal blades 7 is respectively positioned on the axis of the 3rd rotating shaft 6;Some The horizontal direction of three rotating shaft 6 is arranged side by side, and its both ends of the 3rd rotating shaft 6 is connected to the inwall of rubbish pulverizing chamber 10 by holder pivots, Some identical one end of 3rd rotating shaft 6 are equipped with gear 8, and adjacent gear 8 intermeshes, and six in the 3rd adjacent rotating shaft 6 Angle blade 7 is staggered, one of them the 3rd rotating shaft 6 of broken knife motor driving, be provided between the second discharging opening and the 3rd rotating shaft 6 into Expect photoelectric sensor, whether enter reducing mechanism for detecting material, broken knife motor and feed photoelectric sensor respectively with control Device connects;For feed device below reducing mechanism, feed device includes horizontally disposed second conveyer belt 11, the second conveyer belt 11 are provided with pressure sensor, whether have material, pressure sensor and the second conveyer belt 11 on the second conveyer belt 11 for detecting Motor be connected respectively with controller, the side relative with garbage reclamation room 16 of rubbish pulverizing chamber 10 offers the 3rd discharging opening, The position size of 3rd discharging opening is corresponding with the one end of the second conveyer belt 11;Garbage-compressing room, it is located at garbage reclamation room 16 and rubbish Between rubbish pulverizing chamber 10, and it is located at the lower end of garbage sorting room 1, garbage-compressing room is connected by the 3rd discharging opening with rubbish pulverizing chamber 10 It is logical, hydraulically extensible bar 4 is vertically arranged with garbage-compressing room, the one end of hydraulically extensible bar 4 is fixed with garbage-compressing room top inner wall Connection, the other end is fixedly connected with the compression blocks 5 of circle, and when constrictor is in maximum height, compression blocks 5 are higher than the 3rd discharging Mouthful, hydraulically extensible bar 4 is connected with controller, and the lower section of compression blocks 5 is provided with the garbage collection box of cylinder, and garbage collection box upper end is set The external diameter for having opening and its internal diameter and compression blocks 5 matches, and dustbin is provided with some conduction holes;Garbage collection box lower end is provided with storage Sump 12, with water storehouse 12 to be detachably connected, garbage collection box is communicated garbage collection box by conduction hole with water storehouse 12, storage Liquid level sensor is provided with sump 12, for detecting the liquid level of water storehouse 12, liquid level sensor is connected with controller, rubbish Discharge chambe side wall offers first barrel of door, for garbage collection box to be taken out;
Filth disposal room 17 is located between garbage reclamation room 16 and garbage-compressing room, and water process is provided with filth disposal room 17 Storehouse 14 and water pump 13, water process storehouse 14 are located at the bottom of filth disposal room 17, purification carbon-point, water process storehouse are provided with water process storehouse 14 14 lateral walls are provided with the drainpipe of belt switch, and drainpipe one end connects with water process storehouse 14, and the other end stretches out filth disposal room 17 Contact outside and with the external world;Water pump 13 is connected with water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, and water inlet pipe is arranged in water storehouse 12 and stretches to its bottom, goes out Water pipe is arranged in water process storehouse 14.
The outer wall of rubbish pulverizing chamber 10 is provided with air-heater 9, and the air outlet of air-heater 9 communicates with rubbish pulverizing chamber 10, air-heater 9 For air outlet between reducing mechanism and feed device, garbage-compressing room and the relative position of the 3rd discharging opening are provided with some air-out Hole, garbage-compressing room are communicated by exhaust vent with filth disposal room 17, and blast pipe 18, blast pipe 18 are provided with filth disposal room 17 One end is connected to the inwall of filth disposal room 17 and covers exhaust vent, the other end stretch out filth disposal room 17 it is outer and with outer big gas phase It is logical, the purifier 15 for purification gas is provided with blast pipe 18.
The lateral wall of rubbish pulverizing chamber 10 is provided with solar panel and battery, and power generation plate is connected with battery, electric power storage Pond provides power supply for each electronic unit of city intelligent dustbin.
Rubbish detection module includes image identifier and photosensitive identifier.
Collection box is provided with recovery room, collection box upper end is provided with opening, and collection box, to be detachably connected, reclaims with recovery room Room side wall offers second barrel of door, for collection box to be taken out.
A kind of control method of city intelligent dustbin, comprises the following steps:
(1) rubbish is put into feed hopper, hopper sensor sends a signal to controller, and controller controls the second motor to enter Bin gate is beaten, and chute door falls into the first conveyer belt, and image identifier is scanned to the image of rubbish and sends data to controller, Photosensitive identifier collection rubbish is to the characteristic of photoinduction and transmission is to controller, and controller passes through to be combined to the image of rubbish It is analyzed photoinduction feature, rubbish is identified as into recyclable rubbish or non-recyclable rubbish, feeding gate is closed and locked;
(2) when rubbish is recyclable rubbish, controller controls first the first conveyer belt of motor driven to be discharged towards first Rubbish is simultaneously transmitted collection box by mouth, and when transmission finishes, conveyer belt is gone to feed hopper by the first conveyer belt stop motion, first rotating shaft Lower section, feeding gate unblock;
(3) when rubbish is not recyclable rubbish, controller controls the first conveyer belt that rubbish is sent into the second discharging opening, When transmission finishes, the first conveyer belt stop motion, first rotating shaft goes to conveyer belt below feed hopper, feeding gate unblock;
(4) when rubbish falls into cutter device from the second discharging opening, charging photoelectric sensor sends a signal to controller, controls Device control reducing mechanism operating processed crushes rubbish;
(5) rubbish after crushing falls into the second conveyer belt 11, and pressure sensor sends information to controller, controller control Control air-heater 9 starts, and controls the second conveyer belt 11 that the rubbish after crushing is sent into garbage-compressing room and fall into refuse collection Case;
(6) when pressure sensor detect on belt when there is no material, controller control the second conveyer belt 11 stop fortune It is dynamic, while start hydraulic stem by the garbage-compressing 5 times in garbage collection box, by garbage-compressing, dehydration, and moisture is drained to storage Sump 12;
(7) when the liquid level of water storehouse 12 reaches certain height, signal is sent to controller, controller control by liquid level sensor Water pump 13 processed says that the moisture in water storehouse 12 is evacuated to water process storehouse 14.
Described above is the detailed description for the present invention preferably possible embodiments, but embodiment is not limited to this hair Bright patent claim, the equal change completed or modification change under the technical spirit suggested by all present invention, all should belong to Cover the scope of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. city intelligent dustbin, it is characterised in that including
    Garbage sorting room, its inwall upper center are vertically arranged with first rotating shaft, the first rotating shaft by bearing block with it is described Garbage sorting chamber interior walls upper end is rotatablely connected, and the garbage sorting chamber outer wall upper surface is provided with the first motor, the first rotating shaft With first motor connection, the other end is fixedly connected with horizontally disposed belt support frame, and the belt support frame is provided with first Conveyer belt, is provided with feed hopper above first conveyer belt, and the feed hopper lower end is provided with feeding gate, on the feeding gate side The second rotating shaft is fixed with, second rotating shaft is rotatablely connected by bearing block and the garbage sorting room, for making the charging Door opens or closes to the feed hopper, second motor located at the outer side wall in the garbage sorting room, second motor and The second rotating shaft connection, the feed hopper is provided with hopper photoelectric sensor, for detecting whether rubbish enters the charging Bucket, garbage sorting room both ends are respectively equipped with the first discharging opening and the second discharging opening, first conveyer belt and the charging The rubbish detection module for being used for identifying rubbish species is provided between bucket;The garbage sorting chamber outer wall is provided with controller, the control Device processed respectively with the rubbish detection module, hopper photoelectric sensor, the motor connection of the first conveyer belt, the first motor and second Motor connection;
    Garbage reclamation room, it is located at garbage sorting room lower end, and passes through first discharging opening and the garbage sorting room Connection;
    Rubbish pulverizing chamber, it is located at garbage sorting room lower end, and passes through second discharging opening and the garbage sorting room Connection, the rubbish pulverizing chamber is interior to be provided with reducing mechanism and feed device, and the reducing mechanism is located under first conveyer belt Side, the reducing mechanism includes some crushing knifes and a broken knife motor, each crushing knife include multiple hexagonal blades with Piece the 3rd rotating shaft, multiple hexagonal blades are mounted in the 3rd rotating shaft, and the center of multiple hexagonal blades It is respectively positioned on the axis of the 3rd rotating shaft;Some 3rd rotating shaft horizontal directions are arranged side by side, and its 3rd rotating shaft two End is connected to the rubbish by holder pivots and crushes chamber interior walls, and some described 3rd rotating shaft identical one end are equipped with gear, The adjacent gear intermeshes, and the hexagonal blade in adjacent the 3rd rotating shaft is staggered, and the broken knife motor drives One of them dynamic described 3rd rotating shaft;For the feed device below the reducing mechanism, the feed device includes level The second conveyer belt set, the rubbish pulverizing chamber side relative with the garbage reclamation room offers the 3rd discharging opening, institute The position size for stating the 3rd discharging opening is corresponding with described second conveyer belt one end;
    Garbage-compressing room, it is located between the garbage reclamation room and the rubbish pulverizing chamber, and is located at the garbage sorting room Lower end, the garbage-compressing room are connected by the 3rd discharging opening with the rubbish pulverizing chamber, are erected in the garbage-compressing room Hydraulically extensible bar directly is provided with, described hydraulically extensible bar one end is fixedly connected with garbage-compressing room top inner wall, the other end The compression blocks of circle are fixedly connected with, when the constrictor is in maximum height, the compression blocks are higher than the described 3rd discharging Mouthful, the hydraulically extensible bar is connected with the controller, and the garbage collection box of cylinder, the rubbish are provided with below the compression blocks Rubbish collecting box upper end is provided with opening and the external diameter of its internal diameter and the compression blocks matches, and the dustbin is provided with some drainages Hole;The garbage collection box lower end is provided with water storehouse, and the garbage collection box is to be detachably connected with the water storehouse, the rubbish Rubbish collecting box is communicated by the conduction hole with the water storehouse, and garbage-compressing room side wall offers first barrel of door, is used for The garbage collection box is taken out;
    Filth disposal room, it is located between the garbage reclamation room and the garbage-compressing room, is provided with the filth disposal room Water process storehouse and water pump, the water process storehouse are located at filth disposal room bottom, purification carbon-point are provided with the water process storehouse, Water process storehouse lateral wall is provided with the drainpipe of belt switch, and described drainpipe one end connects with the water process storehouse, the other end Stretch out outside the filth disposal room and contacted with the external world;The water pump is connected with water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, and the water inlet pipe is worn In the water storehouse and its bottom is stretched to, the outlet pipe is arranged in the water process storehouse.
  2. 2. a kind of city intelligent dustbin as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the rubbish crushes chamber outer wall and is provided with heat Blower fan, the air outlet of the air-heater communicate with the rubbish pulverizing chamber, and the air-heater air outlet is located at the reducing mechanism Between the feed device, the garbage-compressing room and the relative position of the 3rd discharging opening are provided with some exhaust vents, institute State garbage-compressing room to communicate with the filth disposal room by the exhaust vent, blast pipe, institute are provided with the filth disposal room State blast pipe one end to be connected to the filth disposal chamber interior walls and cover the exhaust vent, the other end stretches out the filth disposal room Communicate outside and with outer air, the purifier for purification gas is provided with the blast pipe.
  3. 3. a kind of city intelligent dustbin as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the rubbish pulverizing chamber lateral wall is provided with Solar panel and battery, the power generation plate are connected with the battery, and the battery is the city intelligent rubbish Each electronic unit of bucket provides power supply.
  4. 4. a kind of city intelligent dustbin as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the rubbish detection module includes image Identifier and photosensitive identifier.
  5. A kind of 5. city intelligent dustbin as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that collection box is provided with the recovery room, The collection box upper end is provided with opening, and with the recovery room to be detachably connected, the recovery room side wall opens up the collection box There is second barrel of door, for the collection box to be taken out.
  6. A kind of 6. city intelligent dustbin as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that second discharging opening and the described 3rd Charging photoelectric sensor is provided between rotating shaft, for detecting whether material enters the reducing mechanism, the broken knife motor and institute Charging photoelectric sensor is stated to be connected with the controller respectively.
  7. 7. a kind of city intelligent dustbin as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that second conveyer belt is provided with pressure Sensor, for detecting whether have material on second conveyer belt, the electricity of the pressure sensor and second conveyer belt Machine is connected with the controller respectively.
  8. 8. a kind of city intelligent dustbin as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with level sensing in the water storehouse Device, for detecting the liquid level of the water storehouse, the liquid level sensor is connected with the controller.
  9. A kind of 9. control method of city intelligent dustbin as described in claim 1-8 any one, it is characterised in that including Following steps:
    (1) rubbish is put into the feed hopper, the hopper sensor sends a signal to controller, described in the controller control Second motor beats the feeding gate, and chute door falls into first conveyer belt, and the image identifier enters to the image of rubbish Row is scanned and sends data to controller, and the photosensitive identifier collection rubbish is extremely controlled the characteristic of photoinduction and transmission Rubbish is identified as recyclable rubbish by device, the controller by being analyzed with reference to it photoinduction feature the image of rubbish Rubbish or non-recyclable rubbish, the feeding gate are closed and locked;
    (2) when rubbish is recyclable rubbish, the controller controls the first conveyer belt direction described in first motor driven Rubbish is simultaneously transmitted the collection box by the first discharging opening, when transmission finishes, the first conveyer belt stop motion, and described first turn Axle goes to conveyer belt below feed hopper, the feeding gate unblock;
    (3) when rubbish is not recyclable rubbish, rubbish is sent to second and gone out by the controller control first conveyer belt Material mouth, when transmission finishes, the first conveyer belt stop motion, the first rotating shaft goes to conveyer belt below feed hopper, institute State feeding gate unblock;
    (4) when rubbish falls into the cutter device from second discharging opening, the charging photoelectric sensor is sent a signal to The controller, the controller control the reducing mechanism operating to crush rubbish;
    (5) rubbish after crushing falls into second conveyer belt, and the pressure sensor sends information to the controller, described Controller control controls the air-heater to start, and controls second conveyer belt that the rubbish after crushing is sent into garbage-compressing room And fall into garbage collection box;
    (6) when pressure sensor detect on belt when there is no material, the controller controls second conveyer belt to stop Motion, while start hydraulic stem by garbage-compressing 4-7 time in garbage collection box, by garbage-compressing, it is dehydrated, and moisture is drained To water storehouse;
    (7) when the liquid level of the water storehouse reaches certain height, signal is sent to the controller, institute by the liquid level sensor State controller control water pump and say that the moisture in water storehouse is evacuated to the water process storehouse.
CN201711351076.9A 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 A kind of city intelligent dustbin and its control method Pending CN107857032A (en)

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Cited By (8)

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CN108516249A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-11 吴连根 Recyclable rubbish intelligence recovery system
CN108529066A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-14 吴连根 Recyclable rubbish Intelligent recycling bin
CN109160148A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-01-08 韦智生 outdoor garbage bin
CN110589282A (en) * 2019-08-16 2019-12-20 喻鑫童 Intelligent garbage classification method based on machine learning and automatic garbage sorting device
CN111115061A (en) * 2020-02-18 2020-05-08 江苏天淳环保科技有限公司 Garbage classification equipment
CN111619991A (en) * 2020-06-02 2020-09-04 台州椒江行陈环保科技有限公司 Intelligent classification dustbin
CN111674757A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-09-18 西安理工大学 Environmental protection classification garbage of community
CN114104555A (en) * 2021-11-24 2022-03-01 深圳市迈睿迈特环境科技有限公司 Intelligent control method of garbage packer, garbage packer and storage medium

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CN205708275U (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-11-23 上海林客蒎节能环保技术有限公司 A kind of automatic sorting refuse bin
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US20160167056A1 (en) * 2014-12-11 2016-06-16 Frank Lawrence Squartino Organizational recycling assembly and method of use
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CN108529066A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-14 吴连根 Recyclable rubbish Intelligent recycling bin
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CN111674757A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-09-18 西安理工大学 Environmental protection classification garbage of community
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CN111619991B (en) * 2020-06-02 2021-03-09 深圳市粤能环保科技有限公司 Intelligent classification dustbin
CN114104555A (en) * 2021-11-24 2022-03-01 深圳市迈睿迈特环境科技有限公司 Intelligent control method of garbage packer, garbage packer and storage medium

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Application publication date: 20180330