CN107775610B - Integral overturning method for wheel set - Google Patents

Integral overturning method for wheel set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107775610B
CN107775610B CN201710749005.8A CN201710749005A CN107775610B CN 107775610 B CN107775610 B CN 107775610B CN 201710749005 A CN201710749005 A CN 201710749005A CN 107775610 B CN107775610 B CN 107775610B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamping
wheel
supporting
plate
arm
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Application number
CN201710749005.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107775610A (en
Inventor
李俊
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马鞍山市天钧机械制造有限公司
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Priority to CN201610269714.1A priority Critical patent/CN105776098B/en
Priority to CN201710749005.8A priority patent/CN107775610B/en
Publication of CN107775610A publication Critical patent/CN107775610A/en
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Publication of CN107775610B publication Critical patent/CN107775610B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25HWORKSHOP EQUIPMENT, e.g. FOR MARKING-OUT WORK; STORAGE MEANS FOR WORKSHOPS
    • B25H1/00Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby
    • B25H1/10Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby with provision for adjusting holders for tool or work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F19/00Hoisting, lifting, hauling or pushing, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B11/00Work holders not covered by any preceding group in the subclass, e.g. magnetic work holders, vacuum work holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25HWORKSHOP EQUIPMENT, e.g. FOR MARKING-OUT WORK; STORAGE MEANS FOR WORKSHOPS
    • B25H1/00Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby
    • B25H1/06Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby of trestle type

Abstract

The invention discloses a wheel set integral overturning method, and belongs to the field of mechanical equipment. The invention relates to a wheel set integral overturning method, which adopts an overturning mechanism to overturn, wherein the overturning mechanism comprises a connecting plate, a rotating mechanism, a swinging support mechanism and an encircling mechanism, and the rotating mechanism is connected to the connecting plate and is driven by the rotating mechanism to rotate; the encircling mechanism is arranged on a main body connecting seat in the swinging support mechanism, and when the swinging support mechanism rotates, the encircling mechanism synchronously rotates along with the swinging support mechanism to realize the overturning of the wheel set. According to the invention, through the mutual matching of the clasping mechanism and the clamping mechanism, a plurality of wheels can be turned at one time, the safety is high, the processing efficiency is greatly improved, and the labor intensity of workers is reduced.

Description

Integral overturning method for wheel set

The patent application of the invention aims at the following application numbers: 2016102697141, the filing date of the original application is: 2016/4/26, the name of invention creation is: a single-power integral turnover mechanism for a wheel set.

Technical Field

The invention relates to the technical field of mechanical equipment, in particular to a wheel set integral overturning method.

Background

In the production and processing process of wheel products, workpieces are turned over frequently. The turning mechanism that can be used at present has various forms, but from the viewpoint of the ease of the mechanism, it can be roughly divided into two types: the first type is a simple traditional type, namely, a hub is lifted by a lifting mechanism and then manually turned over; the second type is complex and innovative, and utilizes a relatively complex mechanism, such as a bevel gear mechanism, to drive a mechanical gripper to hold the hub tightly for overturning.

Although the turnover mechanisms in various forms can finally realize the turnover requirement of the hub, the turnover mechanisms cannot meet the requirement of factory production because of the defects existing in the prior art: the first technology has low automation level and seriously influences the working efficiency of hub processing; the second type of technology is complicated in structure, inevitably brings about a decrease in reliability of the mechanism, and is high in economic cost. In addition, most importantly, when the workpiece is turned over in the prior art, only one workpiece can be turned over at each time, the labor intensity is high, the working efficiency is low, and the product is easily collided and scratched, so that the product quality is influenced.

Through retrieval, the prior art discloses a wheel workpiece overturning scheme, such as chinese patent application no: 201210261764.7, filing date: 7, 26 months 2012, the name of invention creation is: wheel hub tilting mechanism, this application disclose a wheel hub tilting mechanism, it includes the support, fixes drive actuating cylinder on the support, locate the holder, the chain that drive actuating cylinder tip, be used for installing wheel hub's roll-over stand, compress tightly wheel hub and restrict wheel hub and produce the cross restriction piece that removes and control the die clamping cylinder of cross restriction piece action at rotatory in-process, the cross restriction piece is installed in die clamping cylinder's tip, the chain passes through the rotation axis and is connected with the roll-over stand, the holder is connected with the chain and realizes the upset work of roll-over stand with the pulling chain.

As another example, chinese patent application No. 201310580906.0, application date: 11/18/2013, the application discloses a tire overturning device, is particularly used for realizing tire overturning, and belongs to the technical field of mechanical equipment. The hydraulic cylinder overturning device comprises a fixed support and an overturning support, wherein a hydraulic cylinder support is fixed on the fixed support, a hydraulic cylinder is hinged to the hydraulic cylinder support, the front end of a piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder is hinged to an overturning arm, and the upper end of the overturning arm is connected with the overturning support. The fixed support is provided with a turnover shaft support, a turnover shaft is arranged in the turnover shaft support, and the turnover shaft is rotatably connected with the turnover arm.

Both the above two schemes are technical schemes related to the turnover mechanism, but the schemes can only turnover one workpiece at a time, the efficiency is low, and further improvement is needed.

Disclosure of Invention

1. Technical problem to be solved by the invention

The invention aims to overcome the defect that a wheel workpiece can only be turned over singly in the prior art, and provides a wheel set integral turning method.

2. Technical scheme

In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme provided by the invention is as follows:

the invention discloses a wheel set integral overturning method, which adopts a wheel set overturning device to overturn, wherein the overturning device comprises a connecting plate, a rotating mechanism, a swinging support mechanism and an encircling mechanism, the rotating mechanism is arranged on the connecting plate, and the rotating mechanism is used for driving the swinging support mechanism to rotate; the encircling mechanism is arranged on a main body connecting seat in the swinging support mechanism and comprises an encircling mechanism and a clamping mechanism, and when the swinging support mechanism rotates, the encircling mechanism and the clamping mechanism synchronously rotate along with the swinging support mechanism so as to realize the overturning of the wheel set; the component force mechanism is connected with a hydraulic cylinder of the swing support mechanism and used for providing power for the clamping mechanism; the specific turning method comprises the following steps:

1) firstly, controlling a hydraulic cylinder to act, extending a piston rod, and applying driving force to a supporting swing arm of a swing supporting mechanism through a force distribution plate of a force distribution mechanism;

2) the supporting swing arm swings inwards, and when the clamping claws of the clamping mechanism contact the side wall of the wheel set, the component force plate rotates under the action of the piston rod;

3) the component force plate pulls the first turning connecting plate connected with the component force plate to move horizontally, so that the two stretching arms positioned in the vertical direction of the first turning connecting plate are driven to rotate, the upper ends of the stretching arms positioned above are upwards stretched, and the lower ends of the stretching arms positioned below are downwards stretched; then the force is transmitted to a power clamping arm of the clamping mechanism through a second turning connecting plate of the force distribution mechanism; because the corresponding horizontal sections of the power clamping arms are respectively tilted upwards and downwards, the clamping claws connected with the power clamping arms are folded towards the middle part;

4) because the clamping claws are already contacted with the wheels at the beginning, the supporting swing arm has certain swinging back to finish clamping in order to finish clamping; due to the existence of the force distribution plate, force distribution can be automatically carried out between the swing supporting mechanism and the clamping mechanism to clamp the wheel set;

5) moving the supporting device of the wheel set, starting the power worm wheel to rotate, synchronously rotating the worm wheel turntable, and further driving the swing supporting mechanism to rotate; after rotating 180 degrees, the overturning is completed, the wheel set is placed on the supporting device again, then the piston rod is recovered, the clasping mechanism and the clamping mechanism are opened, and the overturning operation is completed.

As a further improvement of the invention, the swing support mechanism further comprises a fixed plate, a support swing arm, a directional swing arm and a swing arm driving mechanism, wherein the fixed plate is connected with the rotating mechanism; the fixed plate, the supporting swing arm, the directional swing arm and the main body connecting seat form a parallel four-bar linkage mechanism through hinges, the encircling mechanism is connected with the main body connecting seat, and when the swing arm driving mechanism controls the supporting swing arm to move, the encircling mechanism does translational motion.

As a further improvement of the present invention, the rotating mechanism is a worm gear-worm driving mechanism.

As a further improvement of the invention, the clasping mechanisms are horizontally and symmetrically arranged and control the radial movement of the wheel set; the clamping mechanisms are horizontally and symmetrically arranged, and clamping claws are vertically and symmetrically arranged in the clamping mechanisms to control the wheel sets to axially move; the wheel set is fixed through the mutual matching of the clasping mechanism and the clamping mechanism.

As a further improvement of the invention, the main body connecting seat mainly comprises a connecting seat main board and a connecting seat orientation board, and the connecting seat orientation board is hinged with the orientation swing arm; the connecting seat main board is hinged with the supporting swing arm; the clamping mechanism in the encircling mechanism is arranged on the connecting seat main board.

As a further improvement of the invention, the encircling mechanism is connected with the swing arm driving mechanism through the component force mechanism, and the swing arm driving mechanism provides power for the encircling mechanism to fix the wheel set.

As a further improvement of the invention, the clamping mechanism comprises a clamping claw, a supporting seat and a power clamping arm; the supporting seat is vertically fixed on the main body connecting seat, the bending part of the power clamping arm is hinged with the supporting seat, and one end of the power clamping arm is connected with a clamping claw for clamping the wheel set; the other end of the power clamping arm is connected with the force application mechanism, and clamping power is provided for the clamping claw through the force application mechanism.

As a further improvement of the invention, an auxiliary clamping arm is also hinged between the clamping claw and the supporting seat, and the auxiliary clamping arm, the clamping claw, the supporting seat and the power clamping arm form a parallel four-bar mechanism so as to enable the clamping claw to move in a translation manner.

As a further improvement of the invention, the clasping mechanism comprises clasping claws and clasping arms, one ends of the two clasping arms are respectively hinged with power clamping arms which are symmetrically arranged up and down, and the other ends of the two clasping arms are respectively hinged with two ends of the clasping claws; when the clamping claw moves in a translational mode, the power clamping arm enables the holding claw to move horizontally.

As a further improvement of the invention, the force dividing mechanism comprises a force dividing plate, a first direction-changing connecting plate, a spreading arm and a second direction-changing connecting plate, wherein the force dividing plate is provided with 3 hinge points, and the 3 hinge points are respectively hinged with the supporting swing arm, the swing arm driving mechanism and the first direction-changing connecting plate; the first turning connecting plate is hinged with two opposite unfolding arms, and the unfolding arms are hinged with power clamping arms in the encircling mechanism through a second turning connecting plate.

3. Advantageous effects

Compared with the prior art, the technical scheme provided by the invention has the following beneficial effects:

(1) according to the integral overturning method for the wheel set, the rotating mechanism is arranged on the connecting plate, the swinging support mechanism is driven to rotate by the rotating mechanism, the encircling mechanism on the swinging support mechanism can clamp a plurality of wheel workpieces at one time, and then the whole wheel set is overturned by the rotating mechanism, so that the integral overturning method is convenient to process and use, reduces the labor intensity of workers and improves the processing efficiency;

(2) according to the integral overturning method for the wheel set, the encircling mechanism mainly comprises the clamping mechanism and the clasping mechanism, the clasping mechanism can control the radial movement of the wheel set, and the clamping mechanism can control the axial movement of the wheel set, so that the whole wheel set is firmly fixed, and the stability and the safety during overturning are ensured;

(3) according to the integral turning method for the wheel set, the component force mechanism can convert the force in the horizontal direction into the force in the vertical direction, the driving force can be provided for the swinging support mechanism, the clamping mechanism and the holding mechanism only through one power source, the structural design is reasonable, the principle is simple, and the popularization and the use are convenient.

Drawings

FIG. 1 is a front view of the integral turnover mechanism of the single-power wheel set of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of the single-power wheel set integral turnover mechanism of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a schematic front view of the rotary mechanism of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of the rotary mechanism of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of the swing support mechanism of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a main body connecting seat according to the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the chucking mechanism according to the present invention;

fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the force-distributing mechanism in a retracted state according to the present invention;

FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of the force-distributing mechanism in an expanded state;

fig. 10 is a schematic structural view showing a state in which the chucking mechanism is used in the present invention.

The reference numerals in the schematic drawings illustrate: 1. a connecting plate; 2. a rotation mechanism; 201. a power worm; 202. a turbine; 2021. a turbine center disk; 2022. a turbine rotor disk; 2023. a turbine housing; 2024. a turbine screw hole; 3. a swing support mechanism; 301. a fixing plate; 302. a swing arm drive mechanism; 303. supporting the swing arm; 304. a directional swing arm; 305. a main body connecting seat; 3051. a connecting seat main board; 3052. a connecting seat orientation plate; 4. a clasping mechanism; 401. clamping the jack catch tightly; 402. a clasping arm; 5. a chucking mechanism; 501. a clamping claw; 502. an auxiliary clamping arm; 503. a supporting seat; 504. a power clamping arm; 6. a force component mechanism; 601. a force-dividing plate; 602. a first direction-changing connecting plate; 603. a stretching arm; 604. a second direction-changing connecting plate; 7. and (5) wheel groups.

Detailed Description

For a further understanding of the invention, reference should be made to the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and examples.

Example 1

With reference to fig. 1 and fig. 2, the single-power wheel set overall turnover mechanism of the present embodiment mainly includes a connection plate 1, a rotation mechanism 2, a swing support mechanism 3, an encircling mechanism, and the like. The connecting plate 1 is used as a connecting base member in this embodiment, and when it is used specifically, its structure may not be a planar structure, but may be replaced by another structure capable of fixing the rotating mechanism, or may be connected to the lifting mechanism, and is not particularly limited.

The rotating mechanism 2 of the present embodiment is connected to the connecting plate 1, and the swing support mechanism 3 is driven to rotate by the rotating mechanism 2. The rotating mechanism 2 may be a gear drive mechanism, a bevel gear drive mechanism or other rotatable mechanism, in particular a worm gear-worm drive mechanism in this embodiment. The fixed part of the rotating mechanism 2 is fixedly connected with the connecting plate 1, and the rotating part is connected with the swing supporting mechanism 3, so that the rotating part can be driven to rotate through hydraulic pressure or electric power and the like, and the swing supporting mechanism 3 is driven to rotate. In addition, regardless of the structure, the rotation shaft of the rotation mechanism 2 driving the swing support mechanism 3 to rotate is in the horizontal direction, so that the stability of the structure is ensured.

Further, with reference to fig. 3 and 4, the worm wheel-worm driving mechanism includes a power worm 201 and a worm wheel 202, where the power worm 201 is vertically disposed, and a rotating shaft of the worm wheel 202 engaged with the power worm 201 is in a horizontal direction. The turbine 202 mainly comprises a turbine center disk 2021 and a turbine turntable 2022, the worm 201 is in meshed transmission with the turbine turntable 2022, and the turbine center disk 2021 is fixed on the connecting plate 1. Balls are arranged between the turbine rotary disk 2022 and the turbine central disk 2021, and the turbine rotary disk 2022 can rotate relative to the turbine central disk 2021. Axial turbine screw holes 2024 are uniformly distributed in the circumferential direction of the turbine rotor disk 2022, and the fixed plate 301 in the swing support mechanism 3 is connected through the turbine screw holes 2024. In addition, a turbine housing 2023 is connected to the turbine center disk 2021, so that external dust is prevented from entering and affecting the normal operation of the rotation mechanism 2.

The embracing mechanism in this embodiment is disposed on the main body connecting seat 305 of the swing supporting mechanism 3, and when the swing supporting mechanism 3 rotates, the embracing mechanism rotates synchronously with the swing supporting mechanism 3 to realize the turnover of the wheel set 7.

With reference to fig. 5, the swing support mechanism 3 in this embodiment further includes a fixing plate 301, a support swing arm 303, a directional swing arm 304, and a swing arm driving mechanism 302, wherein the fixing plate 301 is connected to the rotating mechanism 2; the fixed plate 301, the supporting swing arm 303, the directional swing arm 304 and the main body connecting seat 305 form a parallel four-bar linkage mechanism through hinges, the encircling mechanism is connected with the main body connecting seat 305, and when the swing arm driving mechanism 302 controls the supporting swing arm 303 to move, the encircling mechanism does translational motion.

Further, the support swing arm 303 mainly comprises two support legs and a hinge seat, the support legs are symmetrically arranged up and down and are connected with the hinge seat at the middle part, and the wheel set 7 is heavy, so that the structure is stabilized by adopting a double-support-leg structure, and the interference with the swing arm driving mechanism 302 can be avoided. The swing arm drive mechanism 302 may be a hydraulic cylinder.

Example 2

The basic structure of the single-power wheel set integral turnover mechanism of the embodiment is the same as that of the embodiment 1, and the difference is that: the encircling mechanism in the embodiment comprises an encircling mechanism 4 and a clamping mechanism 5, wherein the encircling mechanism 4 is horizontally and symmetrically arranged and controls the wheel set 7 to move in the radial direction; the clamping mechanisms 5 are horizontally and symmetrically arranged, the clamping claws 501 are symmetrically arranged in the same clamping mechanism 5 from top to bottom, and the clamping claws 501 on the upper side and the lower side are mutually clamped to control the axial movement of the wheel set 7.

If only adopt chucking mechanism 5 also can realize fixing of wheel group 7, but lie in several wheels of 7 middle parts of wheel group and mainly lean on frictional force each other to keep stable, have great safety risk during the upset, the cooperation is used and is embraced tight mechanism 4 and can provide radial power of embracing tightly, and the cooperation that mutually supports through embracing tight mechanism 4 and chucking mechanism 5 makes wheel group 7 firmly fixed.

With reference to fig. 6, the main body connecting seat 305 of the present embodiment mainly includes a connecting seat main board 3051 and a connecting seat orientation board 3052, and the connecting seat orientation board 3052 is hinged to the orientation swing arm 304; the connecting seat main board 3051 is hinged to the supporting swing arm 303. The connecting seat orientation plate 3052 mainly plays a role in guiding, if the connecting seat orientation plate 3052 is not hinged to the orientation swing arm 304, the connecting seat main plate 3051 can rotate while translating along with the support swing arm 303, and the degrees of freedom of the connecting seat main plate 3051 are difficult to control. And adopt then to form parallel four-bar linkage behind connecting seat orientation board 3052, connecting seat mainboard 3051 can only translational motion, and chucking mechanism 5 is fixed to be set up on connecting seat mainboard 3051, and the chucking direction can not change.

Example 3

With reference to fig. 7, the basic structure of the single-power turnover mechanism for wheel set assembly of this embodiment is the same as that of embodiment 2, except that: the clamping mechanism 5 comprises a clamping claw 501, a supporting seat 503 and a power clamping arm 504; the supporting seat 503 is vertically fixed on the main body connecting seat 305, the upper side and the lower side of the main body connecting seat 305 are respectively provided with one supporting seat 503, the power clamping arm 504 is composed of a horizontal section and an inclined section, a hinge point is arranged at the bending part where the horizontal section is connected with the inclined section, and the hinge point is hinged with the supporting seat 503. One end of the inclined section of the power clamping arm 504 is connected with a clamping claw 501 for clamping the wheel set 7; one end of the horizontal section of the power clamping arm 504 is provided with a hinge point, and the hinge point is connected with a force applying mechanism to provide clamping power for the clamping claw 501 through the force applying mechanism.

The clamping claw 501 is hinged with the power clamping arm 504, so that the direction of the clamping claw 501 can be automatically adjusted conveniently. The bayonet of the clamping claw 501 consists of a horizontal section and a vertical section, and the horizontal section is of a plane structure and is convenient for vertically matching and pressing wheels; the section of the vertical section is arc-shaped or V-shaped and is used for providing certain radial force and preventing the wheel from sliding left and right.

Example 4

With reference to fig. 7, the basic structure of the single-power turnover mechanism for wheel sets of this embodiment is the same as that of embodiment 3, except that: an auxiliary clamping arm 502 is further hinged between the clamping claw 501 and the supporting seat 503, and the auxiliary clamping arm 502, the clamping claw 501, the supporting seat 503 and the power clamping arm 504 form a parallel four-bar linkage mechanism to enable the clamping claw 501 to move in a translation manner.

The clasping mechanism 4 in this embodiment comprises clasping claws 401 and clasping arms 402, wherein one ends of the two clasping arms 402 are respectively hinged with power clamping arms 504 which are symmetrically arranged up and down, and the other ends of the two clasping arms 402 are respectively hinged with two ends of the clasping claws 401; when the gripping claw 501 moves in translation, the power gripping arm 504 causes the gripping dogs 401 to move horizontally.

It should be noted that, in order to simplify the mechanism, and simultaneously, in order to ensure the consistency of the actions of the clamping claw 501 and the clamping claw 401, the hinge point between the clamping arm 402 and the power clamping arm 504 is located in the middle of the hinge point between the hinge point at the end of the inclined section of the power clamping arm 504 and the hinge point at the bent section, and the distance between the two hinge points on the clamping arm 402 is equal to the distance between the adjacent hinge points of the inclined section of the power clamping arm 504, that is, the effective length of the clamping arm 402 is one half of the effective length of the inclined section of the power clamping arm 504. With this configuration, when the power clamp arm 504 rotates, the horizontal displacement of the holding pawl 401 and the horizontal displacement of the clamp pawl 501 are always equal to each other. The cross section shape of the bayonet of the holding clamping jaw 401 is the same as that of the vertical section of the bayonet of the clamping jaw 501, and the cross section shape corresponds to the cross section shape of the vertical section of the bayonet of the clamping jaw 501 up and down, so that the synchronism of the movement of the holding clamping jaw 401 and the movement of the clamping jaw 501 can be ensured, and the purpose of effectively driving the holding mechanism 4 and the clamping mechanism 5 by using one force application mechanism can be achieved.

Example 5

The basic structure of the single-power wheel set integral turnover mechanism of the present embodiment is the same as that of embodiment 4, and the difference is that: the force provided by the force applying mechanism is provided by the force component mechanism 6. The clamping mechanism 5 is connected with the hydraulic cylinder through a force component mechanism 6.

With reference to fig. 8 and 9, the force dividing mechanism 6 includes a force dividing plate 601, a first direction-changing connecting plate 602, a stretching arm 603, and a second direction-changing connecting plate 604, wherein 3 hinge points forming a triangular structure are disposed on the force dividing plate 601, and the 3 hinge points are respectively hinged to the supporting swing arm 303, the swing arm driving mechanism 302, and the first direction-changing connecting plate 602. The hinge holes at the two ends of the first direction-changing connecting plate 602 and the second direction-changing connecting plate 604 are perpendicular to each other for changing the hinge direction. Articulated on the first diversion even board 602 have two opposite exhibition arms 603, should prop exhibition arm 603 and become 90 and buckle, and prop the vertical setting of exhibition arm 603, be convenient for carry out the exhibition effort. The stretching arm 603 is hinged with the horizontal section of the power clamping arm 504 through a second direction-changing connecting plate 604. In addition, the component force plate 601 is in a triangular structure, and a hinge point connected with the first direction changing connecting plate 602 protrudes out of one side of the triangular structure, so that the first direction changing connecting plate 602 can rotate around the hinge point without interference.

The working principle in the specific use is as follows:

firstly, controlling the hydraulic cylinder to act, extending a piston rod, and applying driving force to the supporting swing arm 303 through the component force plate 601; as shown in fig. 10, after the clasping claws 401 contact the side wall of the wheel set 7, the force distribution plate 601 rotates under the action of the piston rod, and pulls the first direction-changing connecting plate 602 to move horizontally, so as to drive the extending arms 603 in the vertical direction to rotate, the upper ends of the upper extending arms 603 extend upwards, the lower ends of the lower extending arms 603 extend downwards, and then the second direction-changing connecting plate 604 transmits the force to the power clamping arms 504; because the corresponding horizontal sections of the power clamping arms 504 are respectively tilted up and down, the clamping claws 501 are folded towards the middle part; since the clasping claws 401 are already in contact with the wheels at the beginning, the supporting swing arm 303 swings back to finish clamping in order to finish clasping; due to the existence of the force distribution plate 601, force distribution between the swing supporting mechanism 3 and the clamping mechanism 5 is automatically carried out to clamp the wheel set 7.

The supporting device of the wheel set 7 is moved away, the power worm 201 is started to rotate, the turbine turntable 2022 synchronously rotates, and then the swing supporting mechanism 3 is driven to rotate; after rotating 180 degrees, the turning is completed, the wheel set 7 is placed on the supporting device again, and then the piston rod is recovered, so that the encircling mechanism is opened, and the turning operation is completed.

When in actual use, the connecting plate can be connected with an external lifting mechanism, the wheel set is fixed and then the connecting plate is lifted, and then the wheel set can be directly turned without repeatedly moving the supporting device. Or the connecting plate can be combined with the carrying vehicle, the carrying vehicle is transported to a processing position after being overturned by the carrying vehicle handle wheel set and then is dismounted, the use is convenient, the processing efficiency is greatly improved, and the labor intensity of workers is reduced.

The present invention and its embodiments have been described above schematically, without limitation, and what is shown in the drawings is only one of the embodiments of the present invention, and the actual structure is not limited thereto. Therefore, if the person skilled in the art receives the teaching, without departing from the spirit of the invention, the person skilled in the art shall not inventively design the similar structural modes and embodiments to the technical solution, but shall fall within the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The integral turning method of the wheel set is characterized by comprising the following steps: the overturning device comprises a connecting plate (1), a rotating mechanism (2), a swinging supporting mechanism (3) and an encircling mechanism, wherein the rotating mechanism (2) is arranged on the connecting plate (1), and the rotating mechanism (2) is used for driving the swinging supporting mechanism (3) to rotate; the encircling mechanism is arranged on a main body connecting seat (305) in the swinging supporting mechanism (3) and comprises an enclasping mechanism (4) and a clamping mechanism (5), and when the swinging supporting mechanism (3) rotates, the enclasping mechanism (4) and the clamping mechanism (5) synchronously rotate along with the swinging supporting mechanism (3) to realize the overturning of the wheel set (7); the component force mechanism (6) is connected with a hydraulic cylinder of the swing support mechanism (3) and is used for providing power for the clamping mechanism (5); the specific turning method comprises the following steps:
1) firstly, controlling the hydraulic cylinder to act, extending a piston rod, and applying driving force to a supporting swing arm (303) of a swing supporting mechanism (3) through a force component plate (601) of a force component mechanism (6);
2) the supporting swing arm (303) swings inwards, and when a clamping claw (401) of the clamping mechanism (4) contacts the side wall of the wheel set (7), the force distribution plate (601) rotates under the action of a piston rod;
3) the force dividing plate (601) pulls the first direction-changing connecting plate (602) connected with the force dividing plate to move horizontally, so that the two stretching arms (603) positioned in the vertical direction of the first direction-changing connecting plate (602) are driven to rotate, the upper ends of the stretching arms (603) positioned above are upwards stretched, and the lower ends of the stretching arms (603) positioned below are downwards stretched; then the force is transmitted to a power clamping arm (504) of the clamping mechanism (5) through a second direction-changing connecting plate (604) of the force-dividing mechanism (6); as the horizontal sections of the corresponding power clamping arms (504) are respectively tilted up and down, the clamping claws (501) connected with the power clamping arms (504) are folded towards the middle part;
4) because the clamping claws (401) already contact the wheels at the beginning, the supporting swing arms (303) have certain swinging back to finish clamping in order to finish clamping; due to the existence of the force distribution plate (601), the force distribution between the swing supporting mechanism (3) and the clamping mechanism (5) can be automatically carried out to clamp the wheel set (7);
5) the supporting device of the wheel set (7) is moved away, the power worm wheel (201) is started to rotate, the worm wheel turntable (2022) synchronously rotates, and then the swing supporting mechanism (3) is driven to rotate; after rotating 180 degrees, the overturning is completed, the wheel set (7) is placed on the supporting device again, then the piston rod is recovered, the clasping mechanism (4) and the clamping mechanism (5) are opened, and the overturning operation is completed.
2. The method for turning over the whole wheel set according to claim 1, wherein: the swing support mechanism (3) further comprises a fixing plate (301), a support swing arm (303), a directional swing arm (304) and a swing arm driving mechanism (302), wherein the fixing plate (301) is connected with the rotating mechanism (2); the fixed plate (301), the supporting swing arm (303), the directional swing arm (304) and the main body connecting seat (305) form a parallel four-bar linkage mechanism through hinges, the encircling mechanism is connected with the main body connecting seat (305), and when the swing arm driving mechanism (302) controls the supporting swing arm (303) to move, the encircling mechanism does translational motion.
3. The method for turning over the whole wheel set according to claim 1, wherein: the rotating mechanism (2) is a turbine-worm driving mechanism.
4. The method for turning over the whole wheel set according to claim 1, wherein: the clasping mechanisms (4) are horizontally and symmetrically arranged and control the wheel sets (7) to move in the radial direction; the clamping mechanisms (5) are horizontally and symmetrically arranged, the clamping claws (501) are symmetrically arranged in the clamping mechanisms (5) up and down, and the wheel sets (7) are controlled to axially move; the wheel set (7) is fixed through the mutual matching of the clasping mechanism (4) and the clamping mechanism (5).
5. The method for turning over the whole wheel set according to claim 2, wherein: the main body connecting seat (305) mainly comprises a connecting seat main board (3051) and a connecting seat orientation board (3052), and the connecting seat orientation board (3052) is hinged with the orientation swing arm (304); the connecting seat main board (3051) is hinged with the supporting swing arm (303); the clamping mechanism (5) in the encircling mechanism is arranged on the connecting seat main board (3051).
6. The method for turning over the whole wheel set according to claim 2, wherein: the encircling mechanism is connected with a swing arm driving mechanism (302) through a component force mechanism (6), and power is provided for a wheel set (7) fixed by the encircling mechanism through the swing arm driving mechanism (302).
7. The method for turning over the whole wheel set according to claim 4, wherein: the clamping mechanism (5) comprises a clamping claw (501), a supporting seat (503) and a power clamping arm (504); the supporting seat (503) is vertically fixed on the main body connecting seat (305), the bending part of the power clamping arm (504) is hinged with the supporting seat (503), and one end of the power clamping arm (504) is connected with a clamping claw (501) for clamping a wheel set (7); the other end of the power clamping arm (504) is connected with a force application mechanism, and clamping power is provided for the clamping claw (501) through the force application mechanism.
8. The method for turning over the whole wheel set according to claim 7, wherein: an auxiliary clamping arm (502) is further hinged between the clamping claw (501) and the supporting seat (503), and the auxiliary clamping arm (502), the clamping claw (501), the supporting seat (503) and the power clamping arm (504) form a parallel four-bar linkage mechanism to enable the clamping claw (501) to move in a translation mode.
9. The method for overturning the wheel set as a whole according to claim 7 or 8, wherein: the clasping mechanism (4) comprises clasping claws (401) and clasping arms (402), one ends of the two clasping arms (402) are respectively hinged with power clamping arms (504) which are symmetrically arranged up and down, and the other ends of the two clasping arms (402) are respectively hinged with two ends of the clasping claws (401); when the clamping claw (501) moves in a translation mode, the power clamping arm (504) enables the clamping claw (401) to move horizontally.
10. The method for turning over the whole wheel set according to claim 6, wherein: the force distribution mechanism (6) comprises a force distribution plate (601), a first direction-changing connecting plate (602), a stretching arm (603) and a second direction-changing connecting plate (604), wherein 3 hinge points are arranged on the force distribution plate (601), and are respectively hinged with the supporting swing arm (303), the swing arm driving mechanism (302) and the first direction-changing connecting plate (602); articulated on first diversion even board (602) have two oppositions prop exhibition arm (603), prop exhibition arm (603) and link through second diversion even board (604) and encircle power chucking arm (504) in the mechanism and articulate.
CN201710749005.8A 2016-04-26 2016-04-26 Integral overturning method for wheel set CN107775610B (en)

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CN201610269714.1A CN105776098B (en) 2016-04-26 2016-04-26 A kind of overall switching mechanism of the wheel group of single-power
CN201710749005.8A CN107775610B (en) 2016-04-26 2016-04-26 Integral overturning method for wheel set

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CN201710748911.6A CN107777633B (en) 2016-04-26 2016-04-26 It is a kind of to encircle mechanism for wheel group overturning
CN201610269714.1A CN105776098B (en) 2016-04-26 2016-04-26 A kind of overall switching mechanism of the wheel group of single-power
CN201710749005.8A CN107775610B (en) 2016-04-26 2016-04-26 Integral overturning method for wheel set

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CN201610269714.1A CN105776098B (en) 2016-04-26 2016-04-26 A kind of overall switching mechanism of the wheel group of single-power

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CN110142703A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-08-20 马鞍山灵山机械设备科技有限公司 A kind of shield machine cutter installation hole machined clamping device

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JPH08229754A (en) * 1995-02-27 1996-09-10 Honda Motor Co Ltd Tire holding device
JP2001122581A (en) * 1999-10-22 2001-05-08 Nippon Koshuha Steel Co Ltd Suspension apparatus of coil-like wire
CN201801359U (en) * 2010-08-12 2011-04-20 大连叉车有限责任公司 Forklift tyre clamping tool
US9707809B2 (en) * 2011-02-11 2017-07-18 Austin Engineering Ltd. Article handling apparatus
CN102408061B (en) * 2011-08-01 2013-08-28 智奇铁路设备有限公司 Wheel turning sling of high speed motor train unit
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CN105776098B (en) 2017-10-24
CN107777633B (en) 2019-05-07

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