CN209664654U - A kind of robot welding workstation - Google Patents

A kind of robot welding workstation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209664654U
CN209664654U CN201920386973.1U CN201920386973U CN209664654U CN 209664654 U CN209664654 U CN 209664654U CN 201920386973 U CN201920386973 U CN 201920386973U CN 209664654 U CN209664654 U CN 209664654U
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China
Prior art keywords
robot
fixed
mobile platform
working arm
welding workstation
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CN201920386973.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐景泰
邵一程
尹振凯
简决栋
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Changzhou Haibao Welding & Cutting Co Ltd
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Changzhou Haibao Welding & Cutting Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201920386973.1U priority Critical patent/CN209664654U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to robotic welding technology field more particularly to a kind of robot welding workstation, which includes: robot and work base station;Robot includes rotary machine and working arm, and rotary machine and working arm are rotatablely connected, and working arm is driven to work in the range of using its brachium as radius, and the end of working arm is equipped with the fixed part for fixing welding gun;Work base station is set in the working range of the working arm, and includes at least two fixtures for being used for clamping workpiece.The utility model is in machine man-hour, worker can carry out clamping to the workpiece on other fixtures simultaneously, after the completion of a workpiece welds, robot does not have to stop working, continue the workpiece on other fixtures of welding base station, while welding other workpiece, worker can remove soldered workpiece and continue clamping welded workpiece, this set makes worker and machine be in working condition, substantially increases whole processing efficiency.

Description

A kind of robot welding workstation
Technical field
The utility model relates to robotic welding technology field more particularly to a kind of robot welding workstations.
Background technique
In recent years, with the fast development of robotic technology field, various speeds of welding are fast, high degree of automation weldering Welding robot constantly comes out, and since welding robot welding is stablized, welding quality is high, reduces and wants to worker operation technology It asks, obtained highly recognition and welcomes.
However specific robot welding process in the prior art are as follows: workpiece is fixed using fixture by worker first, etc. Welding process, welding continue to repeat above-mentioned by welding robot after after the completion again being dismantled workpiece by worker after the completion of fixation Operation, in the process, although the welding efficiency of robot is higher, the workpiece of welding front and back phase is fixed and dismantlement work is big All operate completion by worker, in entire welding process, working time of robot even less than worker operation time, it is whole Working efficiency it is relatively low.
Presence in view of the above problems is carried out, the designer is based on being engaged in such product engineering application practice abundant for many years Experience and professional knowledge, and cooperate the utilization of scientific principle, it is subject to research and innovation, actively to found a kind of robot welding work It stands, makes it with more practicability.
Utility model content
The technical problem to be solved by the utility model is to provide a kind of robot welding workstations, improve robot weldering The whole work efficiency connect.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical scheme adopted by the utility model is a kind of robot welding workstation, is somebody's turn to do Work station includes: robot and work base station;
Robot includes rotary machine and working arm, and rotary machine and working arm are rotatablely connected, and drive work hand Arm works in the range of using its brachium as radius, and the end of working arm is equipped with the fixed part for fixing welding gun;
Work base station is set in the working range of the working arm, and includes at least two folders for being used for clamping workpiece Tool.
Further, two fixtures are plate grip and pipe material clamp, and the plate grip is set respectively with pipe material clamp It is placed in the two sides of the robot.
Further, the plate grip further comprises positioner and plate clamp assemblies, and the clamp assemblies are fixed In on the turntable of the positioner, to convert the position of plate to be processed.
Further, the pipe material clamp includes chuck and support roller, and the chuck is for clamping tubing, the support roller It is set under the tubing of the chuck clamping, is used to support tubing and is in rolling contact with tubing.
Further, the plate grip and pipe material clamp are arranged in parallel.
It further, further include mobile platform, the mobile platform is pressed from both sides with the plate grip/tubing in the longitudinal direction Tool is parallel, and sliding rail is further provided on the mobile platform so that the robot is mobile.
Further, the robot bottom is further provided with fixed bottom plate and sliding block, the fixed bottom plate and rotation Board is fixedly connected, and the sliding block is fixed on fixed bottom plate, and the sliding block is slidably connected with sliding rail.
Further, sliding rail shield is additionally provided on the mobile platform, the cross section of the shield is L-shaped to be set It sets, and one side is fixed on the outside of the mobile platform, the top of the sliding rail is fixed in another side, described for protecting Sliding rail.
It further, further include drag chain, for the drag chain for protecting the cable being connected with the robot, cable is placed in institute It states inside drag chain, described drag chain one end is fixed on the fixed bottom plate, and the other end is fixed on a mobile platform.
Further, the drag chain is fixed on one end on mobile platform and is set on the mobile platform length direction Middle position, and cable hole is provided on the mobile platform, the cable hole leads to the drag chain for being fixed on mobile platform One end.
The utility model has the following beneficial effects: passing through the skill that several workbench are arranged within the scope of robot working arm Art scheme, in machine man-hour, worker can carry out clamping to the workpiece on other fixtures simultaneously, when a workpiece has welded Cheng Hou, robot do not have to stop working, and continue the workpiece on other fixtures of welding base station, are welding the same of other workpiece When, worker can remove soldered workpiece and continue clamping welded workpiece, and this set keeps worker and machine equal It is in running order, substantially increase whole processing efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only It is some embodiments recorded in the utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, is not making the creative labor Under the premise of, it is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the robot welding workstation structural schematic diagram of embodiment one in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of plate welding fixture in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of tubing welding fixture in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is robot architecture's schematic diagram with mobile platform in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram that embodiment two adjusts ring in the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the robot welding workstation course of work schematic diagram of embodiment two in the utility model.
Appended drawing reference: 1- robot, 2- work base station, 3- mobile platform, 11- rotary machine, 12- working arm, 13- are solid Determine bottom plate, 14- sliding block, 21- plate grip, 22- pipe material clamp, 31- sliding rail, 32- shield,
33- drag chain, 34- cable hole, 211- positioner, 212- clamp assemblies, 221- chuck, 222- support roller.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that belonging to "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", " erecting Directly ", the orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "horizontal", "inner", "outside" be orientation based on the figure or positional relationship, It is merely for convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have Specific orientation is constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is pacified Dress ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, such as may be a fixed connection, and may be a detachable connection or integral type Connection;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;Can be and be directly connected to, be also possible to by between intermediary in succession It connects, can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, can be understood with concrete condition above-mentioned The concrete meaning of term in the present invention.
Embodiment one
Robot welding workstation as shown in Figure 1, the work station include: robot 1 and work base station 2;
Robot 1 includes rotary machine 11 and working arm 12, and rotary machine 11 and working arm 12 are rotatablely connected, and are driven Dynamic working arm 12 works in the range of using its brachium as radius, and the end of working arm 12 is equipped with for fixing consolidating for welding gun Determine portion;
Work base station 2 is set in the working range of working arm 12, and includes at least two folders for being used for clamping workpiece Tool.
In the above-described embodiments, robot 1 can rotate with its working arm 12 cooperate, fixture can be set it is multiple, can To be arranged side by side, it can also be arranged around robot 1, as long as in the working range where being rotated in board 11 and working arm 12 Multiple fixtures are set, the scheme that artificial and machine works at the same time may be implemented, to improve welding efficiency on the whole.In reality In the production of border, plate and tubing be it is the most commonly used, in the following part of the utility model, using plate and pipe material clamp as work base The fixture of platform 2 describes.
Specifically, two fixtures are plate grip 21 and pipe material clamp 22, plate grip 21 is respectively set with pipe material clamp 22 In the two sides of robot 1.The purpose for being set to the two sides of robot 1 is not influenced by robot 1 convenient for manual operation.
As the preferred of above-described embodiment, as shown in Fig. 2, plate grip 21 further comprises positioner 211 and board clamp Component 212 is held, clamp assemblies 212 are fixed on the turntable of positioner 211, to convert the position of plate to be processed.Positioner Effect is to assist welding, the welding gun of robot 1 can be made to reach most suitable angle and welded.
As the preferred of above-described embodiment, as shown in figure 3, pipe material clamp 22 includes chuck 221 and support roller 222, chuck 221 for clamping tubing, and support roller 222 is set under the tubing of the clamping of chuck 221, is used to support tubing and connects with tubing rolling Touching.Tubing includes flange and steel pipe, and the pipe material clamp 22 in the utility model is used for the welding of straight tube and flange, and chuck 221 can Rotation setting, support roller 222 with steel pipe is tangent contacts, roll steel pipe in support roller 222.
In the present embodiment, worker can first use 21 fixed plate of plate grip, and after the completion of fixed, robot 1 starts Soldering is carried out to plate, at the same time, worker carries out the clamping work of pipe flange on pipe material clamp 22, and plates is waited to weld After, the rotation base station 11 of robot 1, which rotates 180 °, to be continued to weld pipe flange, in entire process, robot 1 It is constantly in working condition, compared with prior art, is greatly improved work efficiency.
Embodiment two
In actual production, the working arm 12 that the length of plate and tubing is likely to be in robot 1 touch less than Position, in order to enhance practicability, second embodiment of the utility model increases the horizontal displacement function of robot 1, with Convenient for expanding the working range of robot 1.
As shown in figure 4, plate grip 21 and pipe material clamp 22 are arranged in parallel.In the present embodiment, plate grip 21 and pipe Material fixture 22 is along the flexible setting of plate/tubing length direction, it is therefore intended that adapts to the paper material clamping needs of different length.
In order to adapt to the variation of length of material, the utility model further includes robot moving platform 3, and mobile platform 3 is in length It is parallel with 21/ pipe material clamp 22 of plate grip on degree direction, sliding rail 31 is further provided on mobile platform 3 for robot 1 It is mobile.Robot 1, which can move, overcomes the inadequate problem of its 12 length of working arm, to expand the work of robot 1 Make range.
Specifically, as shown in figure 5,1 bottom of robot is further provided with fixed bottom plate 13 and sliding block 14, fixed bottom plate 13 It is fixedly connected with rotary machine 11, sliding block 14 is fixed on fixed bottom plate 13, and sliding block 14 is slidably connected with sliding rail 31.Fixed bottom The sliding block 14 of the two sides bottom end setting of plate 13, firm supports robot 1, while the movement of robot may be implemented again.This In control robot it is mobile on sliding rail 31 be the prior art, can be using screw rod driving device, be also possible at fixed bottom Stepper motor is set on plate 13, and the gear on stepper motor is engaged with the rack structure being fixed on mobile platform 3, passes through stepping Gear rotation on motor, drives entire robot 1 to move on mobile platform 3.
In addition to protecting sliding rail 31, it is additionally provided with sliding rail shield 32 on mobile platform 3, the cross section of shield 32 is in L-type setting, and one side is fixed on the outside of mobile platform 3, the top of sliding rail 31 is fixed in another side, for protecting sliding rail 31.Specifically, 31 both ends of sliding rail are provided with support column, the upper side of support column and shield 32 is fixed, 32 inside shape of shield At the gap passed through for fixed bottom plate, since the impurity in welding process is fallen from the outside of mobile platform 3 or top mostly, because This carries out the protection of the two sides, plays the role of extending the service life to long-term movement of the robot 1 on sliding rail 31.
Due to being required to the connection of cable at control robot and the welding gun of welding workpiece, in the actual production process The protection of cable is had to take into account that, if length of cable is inadequate, it is possible to dragged by robot 1 it is disconnected, if length is too long, it is possible to It causes to knot, is unfavorable for the permanently effective work of robot 1.In the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 6, further including drag chain 33, drag chain 33 for protecting the cable being connected with robot 1, and cable is placed in inside drag chain 33, and fixed bottom plate 13 is fixed in 33 one end of drag chain On, the other end is fixed on mobile platform 3.
Specifically, one end that drag chain 33 is fixed on mobile platform 3 is set to the interposition on 3 length direction of mobile platform Place is set, and is provided with cable hole 34 on mobile platform 3, cable hole 34 leads to the one end for being fixed on the drag chain 33 of mobile platform 3.Outside Portion's cable is penetrated into out of cable hole 34 in drag chain 33, finally leads to 1 phase of robot electric appliance position, and 33 one end of drag chain is solid It is scheduled on fixed bottom plate 13, therefore the movement of 33 one end of drag chain will drive coupled other joints movement, and then in protection The cable in portion is not damaged, and in order to save length, one end of drag chain 33 is set to the middle position of mobile platform 3, thus Arrive at robot to the both ends of mobile platform.In the present embodiment, plate grip 21 can be directed to pipe material clamp 22 The material of different length is adjusted, to further improve the applicability of entire work station.
In the present embodiment, transportable robot 1 is set and is adapted to the fixture of different length material, significantly The working range of robot workstation is improved, while using shield 32 and drag chain 33, preferably protecting sliding rail 31 and work Make cable, and drag chain 33 is set to the middle part of mobile platform 3, cost is greatly saved, extends service life of a machine.
It should be understood by those skilled in the art that the present utility model is not limited to the above embodiments, above-described embodiment and Only illustrate the principles of the present invention described in specification, on the premise of not departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model, The utility model also has various changes and improvements, these changes and improvements both fall within the scope of the claimed invention It is interior.The protection scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of robot welding workstation, which is characterized in that the work station includes: robot (1) and work base station (2);
Robot (1) includes rotary machine (11) and working arm (12), and rotary machine (11) and working arm (12) rotation connect It connects, and working arm (12) is driven to work in the range of using its brachium as radius, the end of working arm (12), which is equipped with, to be used for The fixed part of fixed welding gun;
Work base station (2) is set in the working range of the working arm (12), and is included at least two and be used for clamping workpiece Fixture.
2. robot welding workstation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that two fixtures are plate grip (21) With pipe material clamp (22), the plate grip (21) is respectively arranged at the two sides of the robot (1) with pipe material clamp (22).
3. robot welding workstation according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the plate grip (21) is further wrapped Positioner (211) and plate clamp assemblies (212) are included, the clamp assemblies (212) are fixed on the turntable of the positioner (211) On, to convert the position of plate to be processed.
4. robot welding workstation according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the pipe material clamp (22) includes chuck (221) and support roller (222), the chuck (221) are used to clamp tubing, and the support roller (222) is set to the chuck (221) it under the tubing clamped, is used to support tubing and is in rolling contact with tubing.
5. robot welding workstation according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the plate grip (21) and tubing folder Tool (22) is arranged in parallel.
6. robot welding workstation according to claim 5, which is characterized in that further include mobile platform (3), the shifting Moving platform (3) is parallel with the plate grip (21)/pipe material clamp (22) in the longitudinal direction, and the mobile platform (3) is enterprising One step is provided with sliding rail (31) so that the robot (1) is mobile.
7. robot welding workstation according to claim 6, which is characterized in that robot (1) bottom is further It is provided with fixed bottom plate (13) and sliding block (14), the fixed bottom plate (13) is fixedly connected with rotary machine (11), the sliding block (14) it is fixed on fixed bottom plate (13), and the sliding block (14) is slidably connected with sliding rail (31).
8. robot welding workstation according to claim 6, which is characterized in that also set up on the mobile platform (3) Have sliding rail shield (32), the L-shaped setting in cross section of the shield (32), and one side is fixed on the mobile platform (3) top of the sliding rail (31) is fixed in outside, another side, for protecting the sliding rail (31).
9. robot welding workstation according to claim 7, which is characterized in that further include drag chain (33), the drag chain (33) for protecting the cable being connected with the robot (1), cable is placed in the drag chain (33) inside, the drag chain (33) one End is fixed on the fixed bottom plate (13), and the other end is fixed on mobile platform (3).
10. robot welding workstation according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the drag chain (33) is fixed on movement One end on platform (3) is set to the middle position on the mobile platform (3) length direction, and the mobile platform (3) On be provided with cable hole (34), the cable hole (34) lead to be fixed on mobile platform (3) drag chain (33) one end.
CN201920386973.1U 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 A kind of robot welding workstation Active CN209664654U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920386973.1U CN209664654U (en) 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 A kind of robot welding workstation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920386973.1U CN209664654U (en) 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 A kind of robot welding workstation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209664654U true CN209664654U (en) 2019-11-22

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112222738A (en) * 2020-11-10 2021-01-15 北京中车重工机械有限公司 Clamp, clamping method, welding system and welding method
CN112222696A (en) * 2020-11-10 2021-01-15 北京中车重工机械有限公司 Clamp, clamping method, welding system and welding method
CN112620857A (en) * 2020-12-04 2021-04-09 河北创联机械制造有限公司 High-efficient accurate robot weldment work station

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112222738A (en) * 2020-11-10 2021-01-15 北京中车重工机械有限公司 Clamp, clamping method, welding system and welding method
CN112222696A (en) * 2020-11-10 2021-01-15 北京中车重工机械有限公司 Clamp, clamping method, welding system and welding method
CN112620857A (en) * 2020-12-04 2021-04-09 河北创联机械制造有限公司 High-efficient accurate robot weldment work station

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