CN107417247A - A kind of low energy consumption preparation method of daily-use fine device - Google Patents

A kind of low energy consumption preparation method of daily-use fine device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107417247A
CN107417247A CN201710830488.4A CN201710830488A CN107417247A CN 107417247 A CN107417247 A CN 107417247A CN 201710830488 A CN201710830488 A CN 201710830488A CN 107417247 A CN107417247 A CN 107417247A
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China
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weight
parts
kiln
kaolin
glaze
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CN201710830488.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈伟雄
谢建歆
吴淡珠
蔡廷祥
黄振豪
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潮州市长城世家瓷业有限公司
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Priority to CN201710830488.4A priority Critical patent/CN107417247A/en
Publication of CN107417247A publication Critical patent/CN107417247A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/04Clay; Kaolin
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/132Waste materials; Refuse; Residues
    • C04B33/1321Waste slurries, e.g. harbour sludge, industrial muds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/132Waste materials; Refuse; Residues
    • C04B33/1324Recycled material, e.g. tile dust, stone waste, spent refractory material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/24Manufacture of porcelain or white ware
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/32Burning methods
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3418Silicon oxide, silicic acids, or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. silica sol, fused silica, silica fume, cristobalite, quartz or flint
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3463Alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. mullite
    • C04B2235/3472Alkali metal alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. spodumene, alkali feldspars such as albite or orthoclase, micas such as muscovite, zeolites such as natrolite
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of low energy consumption preparation method of daily-use fine device, including following production stage:(1)It is prepared by blank(2)It is prepared by glaze(3)Product molding(4)Product repaired biscuit(5)Product glazing(6)Product is fired.Product through burning till reaches the quality of daily-use fine device, and quality of item meets GB/T3532《Domestic porcelain》The requirement of standard, water absorption rate meet fine porcelain class product requirement, energy consumption of unit product≤390 of article manufacturing process in the clause of standard 5.1(kgce/t), reach QB/T4667《Domestic ceramics unit product energy resource consumption limit》Advanced value requires.

Description

A kind of low energy consumption preparation method of daily-use fine device
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of household ceramic, specifically a kind of low energy consumption preparation method of daily-use fine device.
Background technology
Daily-use fine device is a kind of domestic porcelain fine, class is higher in domestic ceramics.By the rule of GB5000 standards It is fixed:" preferable raw material is used, fine and smooth through the carcass obtained by careful processing, glaze paint is smooth, and water absorption rate is not more than the one of 0.5% Class porcelain ".The type of daily-use fine device has bowl, disk, dish, cup etc., very popular.
The production cost of daily-use fine device is higher, and it is larger to burn till energy consumption.According to QB/T4667《Domestic ceramics unit product energy Source quota of expenditure》Standard provides that the limit value of the energy consumption of unit product limit of domestic porcelain allows to reach 800-1250(kgce/ t), product prepare energy consumption account for more than the 50% of production cost.The requirement that production energy consumption meets country is reduced, and Reduce the effective way of production cost.
In domestic ceramics industry, the energy consumption of daily-use fine device is reduced, is a research of technique problem.Reduce product life Production capacity consumes, and should be innovated on the premise of product quality and class is ensured by composition of raw materials, makes product firing temperature following Drop, firing time can shorten, and the requirement that production technology have to be around newly being formulated is innovated and improved, including kiln kiln furnitures Innovation, created conditions for energy-saving the burning till of product, production energy consumption is significantly declined, its target is to make unit of the product Product energy consumption reaches 560(kgce/t)Hereinafter, the advanced value requirement of energy consumption limit of QB/T4667 standards is reached.
The content of the invention
To solve the above problems, the invention provides a kind of low energy consumption preparation method of daily-use fine device.It is manufactured daily Porcelain possesses the characteristics of high-quality porcelain.Product regularity is high, and glaze paint is smooth, and product water absorption rate meets GB/T3532《Domestic porcelain》 The fine porcelain class product requirement of 5.1 clauses.Energy consumption of unit product≤400 of production of articles(kgce/t).
The low energy consumption preparation method of the daily-use fine device of the present invention, including following production stage:
(1)It is prepared by blank
By the parts by weight of kaolin 26-30, the parts by weight of potassium feldspar 12-14, the parts by weight of albite 8-10, quartzy 10-12 weight Part, the parts by weight of calcination of talc 2-4, kaolin eluriate the parts by weight of mud 26-30, original of the parts by weight of waste ceramic 7-9 as blank Material:
--- above-mentioned kaolin beats processing 18-20 hours using machine cone mode;Above-mentioned kaolin eluriates mud and is taken from Fujian dragon The kaolin in rock area eluriates mud;Above-mentioned waste ceramic is caused scrap products in the production of daily-use fine device, is processed into through rolling Powder;
After above-mentioned raw materials are mixed plus clear water carries out ball milling, crosses magnetic separator de-ironing iron removaling through ball milling raw material and crosses 280 mesh sieves, through iron removaling mistake Raw material deposits in clod is in heaps shady place and covers wet cotton by filter press press filtration into clod after sieve, and the resting period 36- 48 hours, the clod through storage carried out pugging by pug mill, and the blank for preparing mass moisture content 21-23% is standby;
The special role of materials application in above-mentioned blank formulation:
A. albite is added in being formulated, improves the total amount of sodium in formula, sodium is played flux effect in burning till, and be applicable Burnt till in the kiln with good oxidation atmosphere of tape frame kiln furnitures, reduce the firing temperature of product, product is realized low temperature It is fast to burn;
B. waste ceramic is added in being formulated, the waste ceramic in using sodium as the formula of flux, firing temperature and the contracting of product can be reduced Short firing time, strengthen low temperature fast firing effect.Because waste ceramic is the crystal by firing, can preferably melt, and Volatile matter caused by Products during Firing can be reduced, is also beneficial to the raising of quality of item;
C. the kaolin in being formulated beats processing by way of machine cone, material is formed the deviation flaky particle structures of refinement, has Plasticity and viscosity beneficial to blank improve, and overcome the blank plasticity added caused by the material such as waste ceramic and a large amount of feldspars and decline The shortcomings that, it is ensured that the qualification rate of product molding process improves;
D. mud is eluriated using the kaolin for being derived from Fujian Longyan area in being formulated, these are eluriated mud and eliminate material in elutriation process In part Free quartz and impurity, improve quality of materials, also make aluminium in unit materials, potassium, sodium aluminum content are relative to improve, The quality of product is improved, particularly improves the intensity of product, while is adapted to cooling and the requirement burnt soon again;
E. the kiln that formula more than both can be suitably used for tape frame kiln furnitures is burnt till, and reduces product firing temperature, is shortened firing time, is reached Decline to sintering process energy consumption, while also ensure that the plasticity of blank and the requirement of viscosity useful articles shaping;Made of this formula Blank is applied to the one-time sintering technology of product, different from some daily-use fines(Such as Bone China and quartz enriched porcelain)Need secondary Burn till, relative comprehensive energy consumption can decline more than 100%.
(2)It is prepared by glaze
The parts by weight of potassium feldspar 41-43, quartzy 22-24 parts by weight, kaolin is taken to eluriate the parts by weight of mud 12-14, calcination of talc The original of 3-5 parts by weight, the parts by weight of dolomite 10-12, the parts by weight of zinc oxide 2-4, the parts by weight of calcite 3-5 as glaze Material;
--- above-mentioned kaolin eluriates the kaolin elutriation mud that mud is taken from Fujian Longyan area;
After above-mentioned raw materials are mixed plus clear water carries out ball milling, crosses magnetic separator de-ironing iron removaling through ball milling raw material and crosses 320 mesh sieves, through iron removaling and Sieving raw material with clear water be deployed into concentration be 46 Baume degrees glaze liquid it is standby;
The main function of materials application in above-mentioned glaze formula:Making glaze, the coefficient of expansion is close with blank in burning till, it is ensured that base Glaze is combined and worked well, and in the kiln of tape frame kiln furnitures is burnt till, makes product glaze layer transparent smooth, has hard fine porcelain glaze layer should Some hardness and abrasion resistant effect.Glaze is applied to the one-time sintering technology after product glazing, is mutual with the special blank of the present invention It is applicable, reaches the effect that product quality is stable, and energy consumption declines;
(3)Product molding
Above-mentioned standby blank is taken, product molding is carried out using the conventional moulding process of domestic ceramics, deposited in through moulded products Spontaneously dried 12-18 hours on plank;
(4)Product repaired biscuit
Using the conventional repaired biscuit technique of domestic ceramics, repaired biscuit is carried out to the product through being molded and drying, deposited in through repaired biscuit product Spontaneously dried 6-10 hours on plank;
(5)Product glazing
Above-mentioned standby glaze liquid is taken, using the conventional immersion glaze handicraft of domestic ceramics, to through repaired biscuit and the product spontaneously dried Carry out immersion glaze;Product is 2-4 seconds in the glaze liquid residence time, and the glazed thickness of product surface absorption is 0.2-0.3mm, warp Slipware is deposited on plank and spontaneously dried 8-12 hours;
(6)Product is fired
1)Make the special kiln car of tape frame
Carborundum column, column lower end connection kiln car steelframe, upper end connection carborundum cross bearer are set up on kiln car;Among column Provided with multiple circular holes, carborundum needle beam passes across the circular hole among column, and framework is formed on kiln car;
2)Product loading of kiln
From 0.8-1cm of thickness, the cm of width 10-20, the cm of length 50-60 carborundum plate, be laid on tape frame special kiln On the carborundum needle beam of car;Space length between carborundum plate is the width of carborundum plate, makes to reserve one on same plane Fixed space;
It will be lain against through glazing and the ceramic dried on carborundum plate, the bottom of the expanded letter ceramic such as disk class is attached to carbon On SiClx plate, space that peripheral part soars outside carborundum plate;
The main function burnt till using tape frame kiln car progress product:
A. the kiln furnitures gross weight for the tape frame kiln car that the present invention designs is kiln furnitures Mass lost within the 50% of conventional kiln furnitures weight Then absorb heat and also accordingly reduce, significantly save;
B. the carborundum plate put on tape frame kiln car is piece strip, reserves clearance space between each other, is changed traditional big Piece kiln plate forms the shortcomings that plane of closing, kiln inside thermal current in sintering procedure is effectively circulated, product heat absorption is uniform, oxygen It is excellent to change atmosphere, it is ensured that the daily-use fine device product prepared using the base of the present invention, glaze can reach low temperature fast firing, it is ensured that product Fine quality;
3)Igniting is burnt till
Using the kiln of household porcelain production, the kiln car through loading of kiln is pushed into kiln together with product, closes wicket, point is burnt Into;Firing atmosphere is oxidizing atmosphere, burns till maximum temperature as 1255-1260 DEG C, firing time is 8-9 hours;Burning till Cheng Zhong, the gaseous-pressure of preceding 2 hours should be not more than 0.2MPa, be kept for 1-1.5 hours in 1240-1250 DEG C of temperature stages; The surface temperature for going out kiln-made product is less than 100 DEG C;Prepare the daily-use fine device of low energy consumption preparation.
Product through burning till reaches the quality of daily-use fine device, and quality of item meets GB/T3532《Domestic porcelain》Standard It is required that water absorption rate meets fine porcelain class product requirement, energy consumption of unit product≤390 of article manufacturing process in the clause of standard 5.1 (kgce/t), reach QB/T4667《Domestic ceramics unit product energy resource consumption limit》Advanced value requires.
Figure of description
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the tape frame kiln car of the present invention.
1 --- column;2 --- needle beam;3 --- steelframe;4 --- cross bearer;5 --- carborundum plate.
Embodiment
By the following examples and comparative example the present invention will be described in detail.
Embodiment:
(1)It is prepared by blank
By the parts by weight of kaolin 28, the parts by weight of potassium feldspar 13, the parts by weight of albite 9, quartzy 11 parts by weight, the weight of calcination of talc 3 Part, kaolin eluriate the parts by weight of mud 28, raw material of the parts by weight of waste ceramic 8 as blank:
--- above-mentioned kaolin beats processing 19 hours using machine cone mode;Above-mentioned kaolin eluriates mud with being taken from Fujian Longyan The kaolin in area eluriates mud;Above-mentioned waste ceramic is caused scrap products in the production of daily-use fine device, and powder is processed into through rolling;
After above-mentioned raw materials are mixed plus clear water carries out ball milling, crosses magnetic separator de-ironing iron removaling through ball milling raw material and crosses 280 mesh sieves, through iron removaling mistake Raw material deposits in clod is in heaps shady place and covers wet cotton, the resting period 40 is small by filter press press filtration into clod after sieve When, the clod through storage carries out pugging by pug mill, and the blank for preparing mass moisture content 22% is standby;
(2)It is prepared by glaze
The parts by weight of potassium feldspar 42, quartzy 23 parts by weight, kaolin is taken to eluriate the parts by weight of mud 13, the parts by weight of calcination of talc 4, dolomite 11 parts by weight, the parts by weight of zinc oxide 3, raw material of the parts by weight of calcite 4 as glaze;
--- above-mentioned kaolin eluriates the kaolin elutriation mud that mud is taken from Fujian Longyan area;
After above-mentioned raw materials are mixed plus clear water carries out ball milling, crosses magnetic separator de-ironing iron removaling through ball milling raw material and crosses 320 mesh sieves, through iron removaling and Sieving raw material with clear water be deployed into concentration be 46 Baume degrees glaze liquid it is standby;
(3)Product molding
Above-mentioned standby blank is taken, product molding is carried out using the conventional moulding process of domestic ceramics, deposited in through moulded products Spontaneously dried 16 hours on plank;
(4)Product repaired biscuit
Using the conventional repaired biscuit technique of domestic ceramics, repaired biscuit is carried out to the product through being molded and drying, deposited in through repaired biscuit product Spontaneously dried 8 hours on plank;
(5)Product glazing
Above-mentioned standby glaze liquid is taken, using the conventional immersion glaze handicraft of domestic ceramics, to through repaired biscuit and the product spontaneously dried Carry out immersion glaze;Product is 3 seconds in the glaze liquid residence time, and the glazed thickness of product surface absorption is 0. 3mm, through glazing system Product are deposited on plank and spontaneously dried 10 hours;
(6)Product is fired
1)Make the special kiln car of tape frame
Carborundum column, column lower end connection kiln car steelframe, upper end connection carborundum cross bearer are set up on kiln car;Among column Provided with multiple circular holes, carborundum needle beam passes across the circular hole among column, and framework is formed on kiln car;
2)Product loading of kiln
From thickness 0.9cm, width 15cm, length 55cm carborundum plate, the carborundum for being laid on the special kiln car of tape frame is small On crossbeam;Space length between carborundum plate is the width of carborundum plate, makes to reserve certain space on same plane;
It will be lain against through glazing and the ceramic dried on carborundum plate;
3)Igniting is burnt till
Using the kiln of household porcelain production, the kiln car through loading of kiln is pushed into kiln together with product, closes wicket, point is burnt Into;Firing atmosphere is oxidizing atmosphere, burns till maximum temperature as 1258 DEG C, firing time is 8 hours;In sintering process, first 2 The gaseous-pressure of hour is 0.18MPa, is kept for 1.2 hours in 1240-1250 DEG C of temperature stages;Go out the surface temperature of kiln-made product For 90 DEG C;Prepare the daily-use fine device of low energy consumption preparation.
Comparative example 1:Unlike embodiment, albite is added without in blank formulation, the sodium content deficiency in blank, no Flux effect can be played.The firing temperature of product must reach 1300 DEG C, and firing time must cause energy consumption more than 12 hours Increase.
Comparative example 2:Waste ceramic product is added without unlike embodiment, in blank formulation, in sintering process volatile matter Increase, product glaze paint produce pin hole the defects of, product firing temperature must more than 1265 DEG C, firing time 11 hours with On, cause energy consumption to increase.
Comparative example 3:Unlike embodiment, the kaolin used in blank formulation bores working process, blank without machine Plasticity and viscosity decline, product forming process produce ftracture and scrap.
Comparative example 4:Be added without unlike embodiment, in blank formulation kaolin eluriate mud, the aluminium through burnt product, Potassium, sodium content deficiency, product strength decline, and the quality of item through burning till is unstable.
Comparative example 5:Unlike embodiment, taken using the household china marzacotto of routine for standby glaze, through burning A large amount of defects are produced into product glaze layer, cause product unqualified, and firing temperature must improve, and firing time needs to extend, energy Consumption increase.
Comparative example 6:Unlike embodiment, in product glazing, product is 6 seconds in the glaze liquid residence time, product surface The glaze layer of absorption is too thick, and product produces a large amount of glaze planar defects in low temperature and fast firing, causes product to be scrapped.
Comparative example 7:Unlike embodiment, in sintering process, only keep 0.6 small in 1240-1250 DEG C of temperature stages When, go out the decline of kiln-made product glaze paint smoothness, glaze planar defect increases, and product is unqualified.
Comparative example 8:Unlike embodiment, in preceding 2 hours that product is burnt till, kiln gaseous-pressure is more than 0.2MPa, product heat absorption is too fast, causes product cracking or modification.
Comparative example 9:Unlike embodiment, during product is burnt till, kiln is using conventional kiln car and kiln furnitures, kiln furnitures gross weight Amount is more than product gross weight, burns till energy consumption increase, kiln internal oxidition atmosphere is insufficient, is not suitable for the demand of low temperature fast firing, causes Job efficiency declines, and part formulations are scrapped.

Claims (1)

1. the low energy consumption preparation method of daily-use fine device, including following production stage:
(1)It is prepared by blank
By the parts by weight of kaolin 26-30, the parts by weight of potassium feldspar 12-14, the parts by weight of albite 8-10, quartzy 10-12 weight Part, the parts by weight of calcination of talc 2-4, kaolin eluriate the parts by weight of mud 26-30, original of the parts by weight of waste ceramic 7-9 as blank Material:
--- above-mentioned kaolin beats processing 18-20 hours using machine cone mode;Above-mentioned kaolin eluriates mud and is taken from Fujian dragon The kaolin in rock area eluriates mud;Above-mentioned waste ceramic is caused scrap products in the production of daily-use fine device, is processed into through rolling Powder;
After above-mentioned raw materials are mixed plus clear water carries out ball milling, crosses magnetic separator de-ironing iron removaling through ball milling raw material and crosses 280 mesh sieves, through iron removaling mistake Raw material deposits in clod is in heaps shady place and covers wet cotton by filter press press filtration into clod after sieve, and the resting period 36- 48 hours, the clod through storage carried out pugging by pug mill, and the blank for preparing mass moisture content 21-23% is standby;
(2)It is prepared by glaze
The parts by weight of potassium feldspar 41-43, quartzy 22-24 parts by weight, kaolin is taken to eluriate the parts by weight of mud 12-14, calcination of talc The original of 3-5 parts by weight, the parts by weight of dolomite 10-12, the parts by weight of zinc oxide 2-4, the parts by weight of calcite 3-5 as glaze Material;
--- above-mentioned kaolin eluriates the kaolin elutriation mud that mud is taken from Fujian Longyan area;
After above-mentioned raw materials are mixed plus clear water carries out ball milling, crosses magnetic separator de-ironing iron removaling through ball milling raw material and crosses 320 mesh sieves, through iron removaling and Sieving raw material with clear water be deployed into concentration be 46 Baume degrees glaze liquid it is standby;
(3)Product molding
Above-mentioned standby blank is taken, product molding is carried out using the conventional moulding process of domestic ceramics, deposited in through moulded products Spontaneously dried 12-18 hours on plank;
(4)Product repaired biscuit
Using the conventional repaired biscuit technique of domestic ceramics, repaired biscuit is carried out to the product through being molded and drying, deposited in through repaired biscuit product Spontaneously dried 6-10 hours on plank;
(5)Product glazing
Above-mentioned standby glaze liquid is taken, using the conventional immersion glaze handicraft of domestic ceramics, to through repaired biscuit and the product spontaneously dried Carry out immersion glaze;Product is 2-4 seconds in the glaze liquid residence time, and the glazed thickness of product surface absorption is 0.2-0.3mm, warp Slipware is deposited on plank and spontaneously dried 8-12 hours;
(6)Product is fired
1)Make the special kiln car of tape frame
Carborundum column, column lower end connection kiln car steelframe, upper end connection carborundum cross bearer are set up on kiln car;Among column Provided with multiple circular holes, carborundum needle beam passes across the circular hole among column, and framework is formed on kiln car;
2)Product loading of kiln
From 0.8-1cm of thickness, the cm of width 10-20, the cm of length 50-60 carborundum plate, be laid on tape frame special kiln On the carborundum needle beam of car;Space length between carborundum plate is the width of carborundum plate;By through glazing and the pottery dried Ceramic products are lain against on carborundum plate;
3)Igniting is burnt till
Using the kiln of household porcelain production, the kiln car through loading of kiln is pushed into kiln together with product, closes wicket, point is burnt Into;Firing atmosphere is oxidizing atmosphere, burns till maximum temperature as 1255-1260 DEG C, firing time is 8-9 hours;Burning till Cheng Zhong, the gaseous-pressure of preceding 2 hours should be not more than 0.2MPa, be kept for 1-1.5 hours in 1240-1250 DEG C of temperature stages; The surface temperature for going out kiln-made product is less than 100 DEG C;Prepare the daily-use fine device of low energy consumption preparation.
CN201710830488.4A 2017-09-15 2017-09-15 A kind of low energy consumption preparation method of daily-use fine device CN107417247A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108704492A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-10-26 台州利欧环保新材料有限公司 A kind of preparation method of porous silicon carbide ceramic membrane
CN109231961A (en) * 2018-10-17 2019-01-18 吴镇秋 A kind of resistance to deformation is rapidly fired to fine earthenware blank and its preparation and application method
CN110981429A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-04-10 赖盈彤 Soft porcelain product and preparation method thereof

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CN1086798A (en) * 1992-11-10 1994-05-18 山东省硅酸盐研究设计院 The high-grade daily-use fine porcelain and the production technique of easy fired
CN201867074U (en) * 2010-11-10 2011-06-15 王国红 Quick firing energy-saving kiln car
CN103242031A (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-08-14 华南理工大学 Ceramic sanitary ware prepared from waste ceramic and preparation method thereof
CN204923896U (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-30 长葛市恒尔瓷业有限公司 Kiln car is fired to pottery
CN105645925A (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-06-08 潮州市潮安区凤塘雅诚德陶瓷制作厂 Manufacturing method of ceramic cooker with high thermal shock resistance
CN107032755A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-08-11 广东天际电器股份有限公司 A kind of preparation method for strengthening porcelain stew cup

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CN1086798A (en) * 1992-11-10 1994-05-18 山东省硅酸盐研究设计院 The high-grade daily-use fine porcelain and the production technique of easy fired
CN201867074U (en) * 2010-11-10 2011-06-15 王国红 Quick firing energy-saving kiln car
CN103242031A (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-08-14 华南理工大学 Ceramic sanitary ware prepared from waste ceramic and preparation method thereof
CN204923896U (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-30 长葛市恒尔瓷业有限公司 Kiln car is fired to pottery
CN105645925A (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-06-08 潮州市潮安区凤塘雅诚德陶瓷制作厂 Manufacturing method of ceramic cooker with high thermal shock resistance
CN107032755A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-08-11 广东天际电器股份有限公司 A kind of preparation method for strengthening porcelain stew cup

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108704492A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-10-26 台州利欧环保新材料有限公司 A kind of preparation method of porous silicon carbide ceramic membrane
CN109231961A (en) * 2018-10-17 2019-01-18 吴镇秋 A kind of resistance to deformation is rapidly fired to fine earthenware blank and its preparation and application method
CN110981429A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-04-10 赖盈彤 Soft porcelain product and preparation method thereof

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