CN107404347B - A kind of unmanned plane remote monitoring system and method based on NB-IoT - Google Patents

A kind of unmanned plane remote monitoring system and method based on NB-IoT Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107404347B
CN107404347B CN201710609307.5A CN201710609307A CN107404347B CN 107404347 B CN107404347 B CN 107404347B CN 201710609307 A CN201710609307 A CN 201710609307A CN 107404347 B CN107404347 B CN 107404347B
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iot
terminal module
unmanned plane
iot terminal
remote
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CN107404347A (en
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江灏
庄胜斌
缪希仁
陈静
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Fuzhou University
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Fuzhou University
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/14Relay systems
    • H04B7/15Active relay systems
    • H04B7/155Ground-based stations
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/14Relay systems
    • H04B7/15Active relay systems
    • H04B7/155Ground-based stations
    • H04B7/15507Relay station based processing for cell extension or control of coverage area
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/14Relay systems
    • H04B7/15Active relay systems
    • H04B7/155Ground-based stations
    • H04B7/15528Control of operation parameters of a relay station to exploit the physical medium
    • H04B7/15542Selecting at relay station its transmit and receive resources
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/02Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications involving the use of web-based technology, e.g. hyper text transfer protocol [HTTP]
    • H04L67/025Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications involving the use of web-based technology, e.g. hyper text transfer protocol [HTTP] for remote control or remote monitoring of the application
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/18Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications in which the network application is adapted for the location of the user terminal
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • H04W4/025Services making use of location information using location based information parameters

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of unmanned plane remote monitoring system and method based on NB-IoT, which includes ground control centre, unmanned plane and remote equipment;Unmanned plane includes drone body and the first NB-IoT terminal module, and drone body, which is connect with the first NB-IoT terminal module by serial ports, to be carried out data transmission;Remote equipment includes the 2nd NB-IoT terminal module, sensor and the actuator for communicating with the first NB-IoT terminal module.The present invention passes through the combination of unmanned plane and NB-IoT technology, realizes the long-range monitoring to drone status and the monitoring to remote equipment.

Description

A kind of unmanned plane remote monitoring system and method based on NB-IoT
Technical field
The present invention relates to unmanned air vehicle technique, sensor technology and intelligent communication technical field, and in particular to one kind is based on NB- The unmanned plane remote monitoring system and method for IoT.
Background technique
With the development of technology, unmanned plane has obtained huge popularization in the application of all trades and professions.As unmanned plane can be held Capable task becomes rich and varied, and corresponding aircraft cost is continuously improved, and airborne sophisticated sensor is expensive and various.It is same with this When, unmanned plane ultra-viewing distance operation flight becomes trend of the times.Such high-cost aircraft is when executing over the horizon aerial mission Face Three Difficult Issues: one, the acquisition of the information such as the publication of the unmanned plane remote task control command of extra long distance and state of flight; Two, cruising ability and load capacity is mutually coordinated;Three, after accident, the property positioning and recycling of unmanned plane.
Nowadays, the communication of unmanned plane and ground control system mainly passes through remote controler radio frequency, data transmission module, image Transmission module and wifi module.However, these communication modes are more common in horizon range, once unmanned plane during flying distance is more than 2 kilometers, the above communication mode will all interrupt.Therefore, existing conventional communication mode, coverage area is smaller, high degree Limit the working range and application of unmanned plane.Using the communication mode of GPRS, although the communication of extra long distance may be implemented, There are 3 shortcomings for it: one, the higher cost of GPRS need to pay the costly of operator, be unfavorable for pushing away on a large scale Extensively;Two, the power consumption of GPRS is larger, and for the unmanned plane of over the horizon flight, rationally utilizing for electricity is most important.However When GPRS carries out Continued communication, power consumption is higher.The loss once unmanned plane breaks down when search time is longer, not can guarantee surplus Remaining electricity can support GPRS persistently to work normally;Three, the operating mode of GPRS is single, this has also been doomed GPRS communication system in nothing Application on man-machine becomes difficult heavy.
Cellular narrowband Internet of Things (Narrow Band Internet of Things, NB-IoT) conduct is emerging at present Internet of Things communication modes, there is low-power consumption, wide covering, four low cost, large capacity basic characters.The terminal module of NB-IoT waits for The machine time is up to 10 years as long as.Under same frequency range, NB-IoT compares the gain that existing network has 20dB, improves covering model The ability of enclosing is about 100 times.And the entreprise cost of single link block is expected no more than 5 dollars, fans for NB-IoT mono- at the same time Area can support 100,000 connections.NB-IoT need to only consume the bandwidth of about 180KHz, can be deployed directly into GSM network, UMTS network or LTE network, to reduce lower deployment cost, realize smooth upgrade.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is passing through the combination of unmanned plane and NB-IoT technology, realize to over the horizon flight unmanned plane The long-range monitoring of state and the monitoring to remote equipment.
To achieve the above object, the technical scheme is that a kind of unmanned plane remote monitoring system based on NB-IoT, Including ground control centre, unmanned plane and remote equipment;
The unmanned plane includes drone body and the first NB-IoT terminal module, the drone body and the first NB- IoT terminal module is carried out data transmission by serial ports connection;
The remote equipment include the 2nd NB-IoT terminal module for being communicated with the first NB-IoT terminal module, Sensor and actuator;
The drone body is used to unmanned plane location information and status data being sent to the first NB-IoT terminal module, Ground control centre is sent to by NB-IoT carrier service network by the first NB-IoT terminal module;It uses ground control centre It is instructed in sending unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control instruction and Remote Device Control to unmanned plane;First NB-IoT terminal module of unmanned plane passes through NB-IoT carrier service network receives the corresponding aerial mission of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control instruction execution, and Remote Device Control is instructed It is sent to the 2nd NB-IoT terminal module of remote equipment, the 2nd NB-IoT terminal module is for receiving Remote Device Control instruction The data that sensor acquires simultaneously are sent to the first NB-IoT terminal module, the first NB-IoT terminal module by the movement of control actuator Pass the data that sensor acquires back ground control centre.
Further, the first, second NB-IoT terminal module include three kinds of operating modes, respectively Connect, Idle and PSM mode;Under Connect mode, the first, second NB-IoT terminal module, which networks, starts data transmit-receive, receives when multiple Configuration parameter link is returned to after hair data failure, reenters Connect mode;Under dle mode, the first, second NB-IoT is whole Base station connection is disconnected when end module data transmit-receive, subsequently into PSM mode;Under PSM mode, the first, second NB-IoT terminal mould Block is in super low-power consumption dormant state, and the first, second NB-IoT terminal module restores data transmit-receive after being waken up.
Further, the first NB-IoT terminal module includes independent GPS module.
Further, the first NB-IoT terminal module is by lithium battery power supply.
A kind of unmanned plane long-distance monitoring method based on NB-IoT, includes the following steps:
Step S1: before unmanned plane during flying, start the first NB-IoT terminal module, after parameter configuration, the first NB-IoT Terminal module enters Connect mode, then starts data transmit-receive;
Step S2: when unmanned plane during flying, drone body passes through serial communication for unmanned plane location information and status data It is sent to the first NB-IoT terminal module, is sent to ground by NB-IoT carrier service network by the first NB-IoT terminal module Face control centre;
Step S3: ground control centre is according to unmanned plane location information and status data transmission unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control instruction and far Journey equipment control instruction;
Step S4: it is runed in the first NB-IoT terminal module of NB-IoT signal covering area, unmanned plane by NB-IoT Quotient's service network receives unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control instruction and Remote Device Control instruction, is flown accordingly according to unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control instruction execution Row task;
Step S5: when unmanned plane flies to the remote districts without the covering of NB-IoT signal where remote equipment, the of unmanned plane Remote Device Control instruction is transferred to the 2nd NB- of remote equipment by the communication mode of NB-IoT by one NB-IoT terminal module IoT terminal module;
The S6: the two NB-IoT terminal module of step receives Remote Device Control instruction control actuator movement, and will sensing The data of device acquisition are sent to the first NB-IoT terminal module;
Step S7: when unmanned plane flies to NB-IoT signal covering area, the first NB-IoT terminal module of unmanned plane will The data of remote equipment sensor acquisition pass ground control centre back by NB-IoT carrier service network.
Compared with prior art, it the invention has the following advantages: unmanned plane is combined with NB-IoT technology, realizes Unmanned plane position is reported and submitted, body state data feedback and the long-range of aerial mission instruction are assigned, and then is reached to the remote of unmanned plane Range monitoring and property tracking.Meanwhile airborne NB-IoT terminal module can be communicated with the NB-IoT terminal module of remote equipment, it is real Now to the data acquisition of remote equipment and monitoring of tools.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the unmanned plane remote monitoring system structural schematic diagram the present invention is based on NB-IoT;
Fig. 2 is NB-IoT terminal module work flow diagram of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and specific embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, in a kind of unmanned plane remote monitoring system based on NB-IoT of the invention, including ground control The heart, unmanned plane and remote equipment;Unmanned plane includes drone body and the first NB-IoT terminal module, drone body and first NB-IoT terminal module is carried out data transmission by serial ports connection;Remote equipment include for the first NB-IoT terminal mould The 2nd NB-IoT terminal module, sensor and the actuator of block communication;Drone body is used for unmanned plane location information and shape State data are sent to the first NB-IoT terminal module, are sent out by the first NB-IoT terminal module by NB-IoT carrier service network Give ground control centre;Ground control centre is used to send unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control instruction to unmanned plane and Remote Device Control refers to It enables;First NB-IoT terminal module of unmanned plane receives unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control instruction execution phase by NB-IoT carrier service network The aerial mission answered, and Remote Device Control is instructed to the 2nd NB-IoT terminal module for being sent to remote equipment, the 2nd NB- IoT terminal module is used to receive Remote Device Control instruction control actuator movement and the data that sensor acquires is sent to the One NB-IoT terminal module, the first NB-IoT terminal module pass the data that sensor acquires back ground control centre.
As shown in Fig. 2, the first, second NB-IoT terminal module includes three kinds of operating modes, respectively Connect, Idle With PSM mode;Under Connect mode, the first, second NB-IoT terminal module, which networks, starts data transmit-receive, when multiple transmitting-receiving number According to configuration parameter link is returned to after failure, Connect mode is reentered;Under dle mode, the first, second NB-IoT terminal mould Base station connection is disconnected when block data transmit-receive, subsequently into PSM mode;Under PSM mode, at the first, second NB-IoT terminal module In super low-power consumption dormant state, the first, second NB-IoT terminal module restores data transmit-receive after being waken up.
In the present embodiment, the first NB-IoT terminal module of unmanned plane includes independent GPS module, and the first NB-IoT is whole End module is by lithium battery power supply.When accident occurs for unmanned plane, the first NB-IoT terminal module of unmanned plane can also be worked normally, The geographical location of unmanned plane is sent back to come, to carry out accident recycling and identification to unmanned plane.
Before unmanned plane during flying, start the first NB-IoT terminal module, after parameter configuration, the first NB-IoT terminal module Into Connect mode, then start data transmit-receive;When unmanned plane during flying, drone body passes through serial communication for unmanned plane Location information and status data are sent to the first NB-IoT terminal module, are runed by the first NB-IoT terminal module by NB-IoT Quotient's service network is sent to the mobile phone of user;User can send unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control according to unmanned plane location information and status data and refer to It enables and Remote Device Control instructs;Pass through NB- in the first NB-IoT terminal module of NB-IoT signal covering area, unmanned plane IoT carrier service network receives unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control instruction and Remote Device Control instruction, according to unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control instruction execution Corresponding aerial mission;When unmanned plane flies to the remote districts without the covering of NB-IoT signal where remote equipment, the of unmanned plane Remote Device Control instruction is transferred to the 2nd NB- of remote equipment by the communication mode of NB-IoT by one NB-IoT terminal module IoT terminal module;2nd NB-IoT terminal module receives Remote Device Control instruction control actuator movement, and sensor is adopted The data of collection are sent to the first NB-IoT terminal module;When unmanned plane flies to NB-IoT signal covering area, the of unmanned plane One NB-IoT terminal module passes the data that remote equipment sensor acquires back user by NB-IoT carrier service network Mobile phone.It so just can solve the data transmission problems that area can not be completely covered in NB-IoT network signal.Pass through the above method, structure The Internet of Things using unmanned plane as core is built, realizes the remote data acquisition and device status monitoring of unmanned plane.
Above-listed preferred embodiment, has been further described the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention, is answered Understand, the foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all in essence of the invention Within mind and principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on be should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of unmanned plane remote monitoring system based on NB-IoT, which is characterized in that including ground control centre, unmanned plane and Remote equipment;
The unmanned plane includes drone body and the first NB-IoT terminal module, and the drone body and the first NB-IoT are whole End module is carried out data transmission by serial ports connection;
The remote equipment include sensor, actuator and for being communicated with the first NB-IoT terminal module second NB-IoT terminal module
The drone body is used to unmanned plane location information and status data being sent to the first NB-IoT terminal module, by the One NB-IoT terminal module is sent to ground control centre by NB-IoT carrier service network;Ground control centre be used for Unmanned plane sends unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control instruction and Remote Device Control instruction;First NB-IoT terminal module of unmanned plane passes through NB- IoT carrier service network receives the corresponding aerial mission of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control instruction execution, and Remote Device Control is instructed and is sent out The 2nd NB-IoT terminal module of remote equipment is given, the 2nd NB-IoT terminal module is for receiving Remote Device Control instruction control The data that sensor acquires simultaneously are sent to the first NB-IoT terminal module by actuator movement processed, and the first NB-IoT terminal module will The data of sensor acquisition pass ground control centre back.
2. a kind of unmanned plane remote monitoring system based on NB-IoT according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described One, the 2nd NB-IoT terminal module includes three kinds of operating modes, respectively Connect, Idle and PSM mode;Connect mode Under, the first, second NB-IoT terminal module, which networks, starts data transmit-receive, returns to configuration parameter ring after the failure of multiple sending and receiving data Section, reenters Connect mode;Progress is disconnected under dle mode, when the first, second NB-IoT terminal module data transmit-receive to connect It connects, subsequently into PSM mode;Under PSM mode, the first, second NB-IoT terminal module is in super low-power consumption dormant state, is called out The first, second NB-IoT terminal module restores data transmit-receive after waking up.
3. a kind of unmanned plane remote monitoring system based on NB-IoT according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described One NB-IoT terminal module includes independent GPS module.
4. a kind of unmanned plane remote monitoring system based on NB-IoT according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described One NB-IoT terminal module is by lithium battery power supply.
5. a kind of unmanned plane long-distance monitoring method based on NB-IoT, which comprises the steps of:
Step S1: before unmanned plane during flying, start the first NB-IoT terminal module, after parameter configuration, the first NB-IoT terminal Module enters Connect mode, then starts data transmit-receive;
Step S2: when unmanned plane during flying, drone body is sent unmanned plane location information and status data by serial communication To the first NB-IoT terminal module, ground control is sent to by NB-IoT carrier service network by the first NB-IoT terminal module Center processed;
Step S3: ground control centre sends unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control instruction according to unmanned plane location information and status data and remotely sets Standby control instruction;
Step S4: it is taken in the first NB-IoT terminal module of NB-IoT signal covering area, unmanned plane by NB-IoT operator Network reception unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control of being engaged in instructs and Remote Device Control instruction, is flown and is appointed accordingly according to unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control instruction execution Business;
Step S5: the remote districts without the covering of NB-IoT signal where unmanned plane flies to remote equipment, the first NB- of unmanned plane IoT terminal module is whole by the 2nd NB-IoT that Remote Device Control instruction is transferred to remote equipment by the communication mode of NB-IoT End module;
The S6: the two NB-IoT terminal module of step receives Remote Device Control instruction control actuator movement, and sensor is adopted The data of collection are sent to the first NB-IoT terminal module;
Step S7: when unmanned plane flies to NB-IoT signal covering area, the first NB-IoT terminal module of unmanned plane will be long-range The data of device sensor acquisition pass ground control centre back by NB-IoT carrier service network.
CN201710609307.5A 2017-07-25 2017-07-25 A kind of unmanned plane remote monitoring system and method based on NB-IoT Active CN107404347B (en)

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