CN107353120A - A kind of implantation methods of Silicon-rich rape - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of Silicon-rich rape Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107353120A
CN107353120A CN201710721480.4A CN201710721480A CN107353120A CN 107353120 A CN107353120 A CN 107353120A CN 201710721480 A CN201710721480 A CN 201710721480A CN 107353120 A CN107353120 A CN 107353120A
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silicon
rape
potassium
nutrient solution
cultivation
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不公告发明人
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Foshan Kai Kai Institute Of Agriculture (general Partnership)
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Foshan Kai Kai Institute Of Agriculture (general Partnership)
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of implantation methods of Silicon-rich rape, the strict control of cultivation condition is manually carried out by the way of soilless culture, coordinate the rule of rape growth, in different times respectively using the nursery nutrient solution of heterogeneity, final singling nutrient solution plus silicon nutrient solution and blade face imposes twice liquid fertilizer.The present invention provides different nutritional ingredients in the different times of rape growth, meets the nutritional need in rape each growth period, significantly improves the content of rape nutriment, while avoids the adverse consequences such as murder by poisoning caused by fertilizer concentrations, stress.The present invention enriches the implantation methods of rape, scientifically obtains nuisanceless, pollution-free, healthy green Silicon-rich rape product.The product that the present invention is obtained can be made into rapeseed oil or be eaten for the daily culinary art of people, effectively supplement element silicon for human body.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of Silicon-rich rape
Technical field
The invention belongs to proportion of crop planting technical field, and in particular to a kind of implantation methods of Silicon-rich rape.
Background technology
Rape, it is called pakchoi, bitter dish, Latin literary fame:BrassicacampestrisL. Cruciferae, Brassica genus are planted Thing, China is originated in, its stem color is dark green, side such as Chinese cabbage, belongs to Cruciferae Chinese cabbage mutation, flower is yellow.It will be planted on agronomy Multiple species of seed oil-containing are referred to as rape in thing.Rape Main Cultivation (kind) type is at present:Turnip type rape (Brassicarapa (campestris) L.), mustard type rape (BrassicajunceaL.), cabbage type rape (BrassicanapusL.)。
Frequently as the making raw material of edible oil, digestibility average energy of the rapeseed oil in human body contain rapeseed up to 99% There is multivitamin, be the important sources of human body liposoluble vitamin such as vitamin A, vitamin D and vitamin E.Rape containing Bud can also be eaten when not putting as vegetables, there is pre- anti-cancer, and Sweeling-eliminating medicine powder blood is clearing heat and detoxicating, improve calcareous, relieving cough and asthma, reinforcing The nutritive values such as liver function.Because rape is important edible oil raw material and household often feeding vegetables, thus rape have it is very high Economic value.
People's generally use field planting rape, but the plant caused by field planting has soil pollution is coerced, soil Earth complicated component be difficult to grasp cause plant easily to be fallen ill by bacterium infection, cultivation condition it is seasonal require very strong culture time by The water and fertilizer applied into limitation, soil are easily lost in the problems such as causing utilization rate low.Soilless culture phase then has not by soil Ground limitation, crop yield high-quality is good, water-saving saves fertilizer, pollution less, it is safe and healthy the advantages that, soilless culture once forms fixation Pattern, agricultural automation, the batch production of proportion of crop planting can be promoted, raised labour productivity.But now on being planted without soil It is less to train the condition research applied in rapeseed cultivation, if it is possible to scientifically and accurately determine planting conditions, be advantageous to promote oil The scale that colza is planted.
There are some researches show, silicon is applied in the planting process of rape and is improved Photosynthetic Efficiency, promotes the accumulation of rape organic matter, So that the nutrient composition content such as the protein of rape stem tuber part, vitamin, string dramatically increases, rape is significantly improved Yield and quality;The resistance of rape can also be strengthened by applying silicon simultaneously, reduce the probability of morbidity.
One of trace element necessary to silicon is the mankind, silicon participates in the most biochemical reaction of human body, such as the calcium of skeleton Change process, phoirocyte is helped to form extracellular cartilage matrix, the elastic fibers for strengthening cardiovascular inner membrance elastic layer is strong Degree, moreover it is possible to influence the process of human senility.Silicon is self-evident to the importance of human body, therefore regular regularly supplement silicon pair Health is extremely important.
The content of the invention
It is artificial to carry out being planted without soil for strict control condition of culture the invention provides a kind of implantation methods of Silicon-rich rape Training, obstruction of the natural conditions to rapeseed cultivation is broken through, while also directed to the growth-development law of rape, different times are using different The nutrient solution of composition is cultivated and top dressing, improves the yield and quality of rape while improves the utilization rate of liquid manure.This hair The bright Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method being related to can cultivate it is nuisanceless, pollution-free, ensure food safety, eutrophy value Silicon-rich oil Dish, the food source of more supplement silicon is provided for people.
The implantation methods of a kind of Silicon-rich rape provided by the invention, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) Seeds preprocess:After rape seed is dried into 3-5 days in the sun, the chlorination for being 0.1-1.3kg/L with concentration Sodium solution soaks 5-7 hours, is then soaked 1-3 days with clear water;
(2) Pregermination and seedling breeding:Seed after immersion is placed in vernalization in 30 DEG C of insulating boxs, after more than 80% germination, turned Enter and nursery Solution culture method is used in planting cup;
(3) seedling replanting:When seedling has 2 true leaves, transplant to cultivation bed, have 4 with final singling Solution culture method to seedling Thinning final singling during true leaf, remove the small and weak seedling strain of growing way, spacing in the rows 12-15cm;
(4) silicon culture is added:When seedling has 5 true leaves, using adding silicon Solution culture method;
(5) top dressing:Final singling 6-8 days, in foliage-spray silicon boron liquid fertilizer 1 time;Florescence is in foliage-spray potassium boron liquid fertilizer 1 time;
(6) Cultivate administration:All nutrient solutions are before use, need to ventilate 2 hours;After silicon nutrient solution is added, change within every 5 days One time of nutrition liquid;Every 3 day 6 pm foliage-spray 5% ethanol;
(7) harvest:Rapeseed plants harvest when growing to 35cm.
Described nursery nutrient solution includes following component:Four water-calcium nitrate 378-567mg/L, potassium nitrate 162-242mg/L, Ammonium nitrate 64-96mg/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 80-120mg/L, potassium sulfate 139-209mg/L.
Described final singling nutrient solution includes following component:Four water-calcium nitrate 378-567mg/L, potassium sulfate 160-240mg/L, Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 120-180mg/L, ammonium nitrate 320-480mg/L.Described final singling nutrient solution is in the initial stage of field planting, liquid level submergence root It is 1cm, when root long is to 10-12cm, liquid level is down to the 2/3 of cultivation groove depth.
Cultivation bed in the step (3) is high 15cm, long × a width of 100cm × 50cm plastic channel, is used in plastic channel Thick 2cm polyphenyl alkene cystosepiment is field planting plate, is colonized aperture 3cm, fixes plant with sponge during field planting.
Described plus silicon nutrient solution includes following component:Calcium nitrate 75-113mg/L, potassium nitrate 568-852mg/L, phosphoric acid Ammonium dihydrogen 122-184mg/L, magnesium sulfate 394-592mg/L, boric acid 2.26-3.40mg/L, manganese sulfate 1.70-2.56mg/L, sulphur Sour zinc 0.18-0.26mg/L, copper sulphate 0.06-0.10mg/L, ammonium molybdate 0.01-0.03mg/L, sodium selenite 0.01- 0.03mg/L, potassium silicate 74-110mg/L, ironic citrate 20-40mg/L.
Described silicon boron liquid fertilizer includes following component by weight:Borax 0.1-0.2 parts, potassium silicate 1-2 parts, water are extremely 100 parts.
Described potassium boron liquid fertilizer includes following component by weight:Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.1-0.2 parts, boric acid 0.05- 0.25 part, 15 parts of water.
Described silicon boron liquid fertilizer and potassium boron liquid fertilizer will first spray small molecule before spraying machine aided absorbent solution.Described small point It is 150-300mg/L sorbierite 600-1200mg/L sodium gluconates or 120-250mg/L glycine that son, which has machine aided absorbent solution,.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
A kind of Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method of the present invention is dashed forward by manually carrying out the strict control of rapeseed cultivation condition Obstruction of the natural conditions to rapeseed cultivation has been broken, it is common under the conditions of general planting effectively to solve rape difference period of growing The problem of, significantly improve the yield and quality of rape.The present invention according to the growth rhythm of rape determine base manure and top dressing into Point and ratio, timely and appropriate discovery topdressing at different stages, meet the nutritional need in rape each growth period, significantly improve rape nutriment Content, while avoid fertilizer undue concentration from producing the ill effects such as murder by poisoning, stress, ensure the health of rape growth.This hair A kind of bright Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method being related to enriches the implantation methods of rape, scientifically and accurately using soilless culture Cultivation condition is controlled, turns out nuisanceless, food-safe secure Silicon-rich rape.The rape product that the present invention is obtained can Rapeseed oil is made or is eaten for the daily culinary art of people, the element silicon of benefit is effectively easily supplemented with for human body.
Embodiment
In order that the technical means, the inventive features, the objects and the advantages of the present invention are easy to understand, tie below Specific embodiment is closed, the present invention is expanded on further.
Embodiment 1
A kind of implantation methods of Silicon-rich rape, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) Seeds preprocess:After rape seed is dried into 3 days in the sun, the sodium chloride solution for being 0.1kg/L with concentration Immersion 7 hours, then soaked 3 days with clear water;
(2) Pregermination and seedling breeding:Seed after immersion is placed in vernalization in 30 DEG C of insulating boxs, after more than 80% germination, turned Enter and nursery Solution culture method is used in planting cup;
(3) seedling replanting:When seedling has 2 true leaves, transplant to cultivation bed, have 4 with final singling Solution culture method to seedling Thinning final singling during true leaf, remove the small and weak seedling strain of growing way, spacing in the rows 12-15cm;
(4) silicon culture is added:When seedling has 5 true leaves, using adding silicon Solution culture method;
(5) top dressing:Final singling 6 days, in foliage-spray silicon boron liquid fertilizer 1 time;Florescence is in foliage-spray potassium boron liquid fertilizer 1 time;
(6) Cultivate administration:All nutrient solutions are before use, need to ventilate 2 hours;After silicon nutrient solution is added, change within every 5 days One time of nutrition liquid;Every 3 day 6 pm foliage-spray 5% ethanol;
(7) harvest:Rapeseed plants harvest when growing to 35cm.
Described nursery nutrient solution includes following component:
Four water-calcium nitrate 378mg/L,
Potassium nitrate 242mg/L,
Ammonium nitrate 64mg/L,
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 120mg/L,
Potassium sulfate 139mg/L.
Described final singling nutrient solution includes following component:
Four water-calcium nitrate 567mg/L,
Potassium sulfate 160mg/L,
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 180mg/L,
Ammonium nitrate 320mg/L.
Described final singling nutrient solution submerges root system 1cm in the initial stage of field planting, liquid level, and when root long is to 10-12cm, liquid level is down to cultivation Train the 2/3 of groove depth.
Cultivation bed in the step (3) is high 15cm, long × a width of 100cm × 50cm plastic channel, is used in plastic channel Thick 2cm polyphenyl alkene cystosepiment is field planting plate, is colonized aperture 3cm, fixes plant with sponge during field planting.
Described plus silicon nutrient solution includes following component:
Calcium nitrate 75mg/L,
Potassium nitrate 852mg/L,
Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate 122mg/L,
Magnesium sulfate 592mg/L,
Boric acid 2.26mg/L,
Manganese sulfate 2.56mg/L,
Zinc sulfate 0.18mg/L,
Copper sulphate 0.10mg/L,
Ammonium molybdate 0.01mg/L,
Sodium selenite 0.03mg/L,
Potassium silicate 72mg/L,
Ironic citrate 40mg/L.
Described silicon boron liquid fertilizer includes following component by weight:
0.1 part of borax,
2 parts of potassium silicate,
Water is to 100 parts.
Described potassium boron liquid fertilizer includes following component by weight:
0.1 part of potassium dihydrogen phosphate,
0.25 part of boric acid,
15 parts of water.
Described silicon boron liquid fertilizer and potassium boron liquid fertilizer will first spray small molecule before spraying machine aided absorbent solution.Described small point It is 225mg/L sorbierites that son, which has machine aided absorbent solution,.
Embodiment 2
A kind of implantation methods of Silicon-rich rape, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) Seeds preprocess:After rape seed is dried into 4 days in the sun, the sodium chloride solution for being 0.7kg/L with concentration Immersion 6 hours, then soaked 6 days with clear water;
(2) Pregermination and seedling breeding:Seed after immersion is placed in vernalization in 30 DEG C of insulating boxs, after more than 80% germination, turned Enter and nursery Solution culture method is used in planting cup;
(3) seedling replanting:When seedling has 2 true leaves, transplant to cultivation bed, have 4 with final singling Solution culture method to seedling Thinning final singling during true leaf, remove the small and weak seedling strain of growing way, spacing in the rows 12-15cm;
(4) silicon culture is added:When seedling has 5 true leaves, using adding silicon Solution culture method;
(5) top dressing:Final singling 7 days, in foliage-spray silicon boron liquid fertilizer 1 time;Florescence is in foliage-spray potassium boron liquid fertilizer 1 time;
(6) Cultivate administration:All nutrient solutions are before use, need to ventilate 2 hours;After silicon nutrient solution is added, change within every 5 days One time of nutrition liquid;Every 3 day 6 pm foliage-spray 5% ethanol;
(7) harvest:Rapeseed plants harvest when growing to 35cm.
Described nursery nutrient solution includes following component:
Four water-calcium nitrate 472mg/L,
Potassium nitrate 202mg/L,
Ammonium nitrate 80mg/L,
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 100mg/L,
Potassium sulfate 174mg/L.
Described final singling nutrient solution includes following component:
Four water-calcium nitrate 472mg/L,
Potassium sulfate 200mg/L,
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 150mg/L,
Ammonium nitrate 400mg/L.
Described final singling nutrient solution submerges root system 1cm in the initial stage of field planting, liquid level, and when root long is to 10-12cm, liquid level is down to cultivation Train the 2/3 of groove depth.
Cultivation bed in the step (3) is high 15cm, long × a width of 100cm × 50cm plastic channel, is used in plastic channel Thick 2cm polyphenyl alkene cystosepiment is field planting plate, is colonized aperture 3cm, fixes plant with sponge during field planting.
Described plus silicon nutrient solution includes following component:
Calcium nitrate 94mg/L,
Potassium nitrate 710mg/L,
Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate 153mg/L,
Magnesium sulfate 493mg/L,
Boric acid 2.83mg/L,
Manganese sulfate 2.13mg/L,
Zinc sulfate 0.22mg/L,
Copper sulphate 0.08mg/L,
Ammonium molybdate 0.02mg/L,
Sodium selenite 0.02mg/L,
Potassium silicate 92mg/L,
Ironic citrate 30mg/L.
Described silicon boron liquid fertilizer includes following component by weight:
0.15 part of borax,
1.5 parts of potassium silicate,
Water is to 100 parts.
Described potassium boron liquid fertilizer includes following component by weight:
0.15 part of potassium dihydrogen phosphate,
0.1 part of boric acid,
15 parts of water.
Described silicon boron liquid fertilizer and potassium boron liquid fertilizer will first spray small molecule before spraying machine aided absorbent solution.Described small point It is 900mg/L sodium gluconates that son, which has machine aided absorbent solution,.
Embodiment 3
A kind of implantation methods of Silicon-rich rape, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) Seeds preprocess:After rape seed is dried into 5 days in the sun, the sodium chloride solution for being 1.3kg/L with concentration Immersion 5 hours, then soaked 1 day with clear water;
(2) Pregermination and seedling breeding:Seed after immersion is placed in vernalization in 30 DEG C of insulating boxs, after more than 80% germination, turned Enter and nursery Solution culture method is used in planting cup;
(3) seedling replanting:When seedling has 2 true leaves, transplant to cultivation bed, have 4 with final singling Solution culture method to seedling Thinning final singling during true leaf, remove the small and weak seedling strain of growing way, spacing in the rows 12-15cm;
(4) silicon culture is added:When seedling has 5 true leaves, using adding silicon Solution culture method;
(5) top dressing:Final singling 8 days, in foliage-spray silicon boron liquid fertilizer 1 time;Florescence is in foliage-spray potassium boron liquid fertilizer 1 time;
(6) Cultivate administration:All nutrient solutions are before use, need to ventilate 2 hours;After silicon nutrient solution is added, change within every 5 days One time of nutrition liquid;Every 3 day 6 pm foliage-spray 5% ethanol;
(7) harvest:Rapeseed plants harvest when growing to 35cm.
Described nursery nutrient solution includes following component:
Four water-calcium nitrate 567mg/L,
Potassium nitrate 162mg/L,
Ammonium nitrate 96mg/L,
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 80mg/L,
Potassium sulfate 209mg/L.
Described final singling nutrient solution includes following component:
Four water-calcium nitrate 378mg/L,
Potassium sulfate 240mg/L,
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 120mg/L,
Ammonium nitrate 480mg/L.
Described final singling nutrient solution submerges root system 1cm in the initial stage of field planting, liquid level, and when root long is to 10-12cm, liquid level is down to cultivation Train the 2/3 of groove depth.
Cultivation bed in the step (3) is high 15cm, long × a width of 100cm × 50cm plastic channel, is used in plastic channel Thick 2cm polyphenyl alkene cystosepiment is field planting plate, is colonized aperture 3cm, fixes plant with sponge during field planting.
Described plus silicon nutrient solution includes following component:
Calcium nitrate 113mg/L,
Potassium nitrate 568mg/L,
Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate 184mg/L,
Magnesium sulfate 394mg/L,
Boric acid 3.40mg/L,
Manganese sulfate 1.70mg/L,
Zinc sulfate 0.26mg/L,
Copper sulphate 0.06mg/L,
Ammonium molybdate 0.03mg/L,
Sodium selenite 0.01mg/L,
Potassium silicate 110mg/L,
Ironic citrate 20mg/L.
Described silicon boron liquid fertilizer includes following component by weight:
0.2 part of borax,
1 part of potassium silicate,
Water is to 100 parts.
Described potassium boron liquid fertilizer includes following component by weight:
0.2 part of potassium dihydrogen phosphate,
0.05 part of boric acid,
15 parts of water.
Described silicon boron liquid fertilizer and potassium boron liquid fertilizer will first spray small molecule before spraying machine aided absorbent solution.Described small point It is 185mg/L glycine that son, which has machine aided absorbent solution,.
Comparative example 1
Difference with embodiment 1 is that nursery nutrient solution, final singling nutrient solution are unified with adding silicon nutrient solution to replace.
Comparative example 2
Difference with embodiment 1 is in step (4) that nutrient solution does not add potassium silicate.
Comparative example 3
Difference with embodiment 1 is step (5) without top dressing.
Efficacy validation
The suitable seedling growth greenhouse of alternative condition concentrates nursery, and rape seed is pre-processed, according to embodiment 1,2,3 and right The technical scheme plantation rape of ratio 1,2,3.
As can be seen from the above table, using the rape single-strain fresh weight ratio use pair of the technical scheme of embodiment 1,2,3 plantation The rape of the technical scheme of ratio 1,2,3 plantation will height.In growing period for rape, silicon can promote rape to other nutrition The absorption of element, increase the synthesis of organic substance in rape body, increase the single-strain fresh weight of rape;Can be with from the result of comparative example 1 Find out, be not suitable for adding silicon in rape Initial stage of culture, stress can be produced to Brassica Napus Seedling, influence the normal development of Brassica Napus Seedling, lead Causing the growth potential of Brassica Napus Seedling can not give full play to.The rape content of reducing sugar planted using the technical scheme of embodiment 1,2,3 The rape planted with Vitamin C content significantly greater than with the technical scheme of comparative example 1,2,3.Vitamin C and content of reducing sugar are Weigh 2 important indicators of rape nutritional quality, the height of its content decide rape nutritive value height and taste it is excellent Bad, the technical scheme of rapeseed cultivation of the present invention can significantly improve the quality of rape.Using the technical side of embodiment 1,2,3 The rape silicone content of case plantation using the rape of the technical scheme of comparative example 1,2,3 plantation than being higher by 133.3%, and sclerotiniose is fallen ill Rate reduces 64%, illustrates that the technical scheme of rapeseed cultivation of the present invention can secure good health, the production of non-harmful Silicon-rich rape Product.
A kind of Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method of the present invention, according to the growth-development law of rape, is respectively adopted nursery Base manure of the nutrient solution of nutrient solution, final singling nutrient solution plus three kinds of heterogeneities of silicon nutrient solution as plantation rape, and carry out twice Foliage top dressing, the nutrition supply of rape is carried out in strict accordance with component content ratio, fully meets the needs that grow of rape, keeps away Exempt from because excessive fertilization causes rape to be wasted by stress and rich water.
Embodiment described above only expresses the several embodiments of the present invention, and its description is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Therefore the limitation to the scope of the claims of the present invention can not be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for one of ordinary skill in the art For, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to the guarantor of the present invention Protect scope.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    (1) Seeds preprocess:After rape seed is dried into 3-5 days in the sun, the sodium chloride for being 0.1-1.3kg/L with concentration is molten Liquid soaks 5-7 hours, is then soaked 1-3 days with clear water;
    (2) Pregermination and seedling breeding:Seed after immersion is placed in vernalization in 30 DEG C of insulating boxs, after more than 80% germination, it is fixed to be transferred to Plant in cup and use nursery Solution culture method;
    (3) seedling replanting:When seedling has 2 true leaves, transplant to cultivation bed, have 4 true leaves with final singling Solution culture method to seedling When thinning final singling, remove the small and weak seedling strain of growing way, spacing in the rows 12-15cm;
    (4) silicon culture is added:When seedling has 5 true leaves, using adding silicon Solution culture method;
    (5) top dressing:Final singling 6-8 days, in foliage-spray silicon boron liquid fertilizer 1 time;Florescence is in foliage-spray potassium boron liquid fertilizer 1 time;
    (6) Cultivate administration:All nutrient solutions are before use, need to ventilate 2 hours;After silicon nutrient solution is added, change once within every 5 days Nutrient solution;Every 3 day 6 pm foliage-spray 5% ethanol;
    (7) harvest:Rapeseed plants harvest when growing to 35cm.
  2. 2. a kind of Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described nursery nutrient solution includes Following component:
    Four water-calcium nitrate 378-567mg/L,
    Potassium nitrate 162-242mg/L,
    Ammonium nitrate 64-96mg/L,
    Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 80-120mg/L,
    Potassium sulfate 139-209mg/L.
  3. 3. according to a kind of Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method in claim 1, it is characterised in that described final singling nutrient solution include with Lower composition:
    Four water-calcium nitrate 378-567mg/L,
    Potassium sulfate 160-240mg/L,
    Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 120-180mg/L,
    Ammonium nitrate 320-480mg/L.
  4. 4. a kind of Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described final singling nutrient solution is fixed Plant initial stage, liquid level submergence root system 1cm, when root long is to 10-12cm, liquid level is down to the 2/3 of cultivation groove depth.
  5. 5. according to a kind of Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method in claim 1, it is characterised in that the cultivation bed in the step (3) Long × a width of 100cm × 50cm plastic channel, with thick 2cm polyphenyl alkene cystosepiment it is field planting plate in plastic channel for high 15cm, it is fixed Aperture 3cm is planted, fixes plant with sponge during field planting.
  6. 6. according to a kind of Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method in claim 1, it is characterised in that described plus silicon nutrient solution include with Lower composition:
    Calcium nitrate 75-113mg/L,
    Potassium nitrate 568-852mg/L,
    Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate 122-184mg/L,
    Magnesium sulfate 394-592mg/L,
    Boric acid 2.26-3.40mg/L,
    Manganese sulfate 1.70-2.56mg/L,
    Zinc sulfate 0.18-0.26mg/L,
    Copper sulphate 0.06-0.10mg/L,
    Ammonium molybdate 0.01-0.03mg/L,
    Sodium selenite 0.01-0.03mg/L,
    Potassium silicate 74-110mg/L,
    Ironic citrate 20-40mg/L.
  7. 7. a kind of Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described silicon boron liquid fertilizer is by weight Part meter includes following component:
    Borax 0.1-0.2 parts,
    Potassium silicate 1-2 parts,
    Water is to 100 parts.
  8. 8. a kind of Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described potassium boron liquid fertilizer is by weight Part meter includes following component:
    Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.1-0.2 parts,
    Boric acid 0.05-0.25 parts,
    15 parts of water.
  9. A kind of 9. Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the silicon boron in the step (5) Liquid fertilizer and potassium boron liquid fertilizer first spray small molecule before spraying machine aided absorbent solution.
  10. 10. a kind of Silicon-rich rapeseed cultivation method according to claim 10, it is characterised in that described small molecule has machine aided Absorbent solution is 150-300mg/L sorbierite 600-1200mg/L sodium gluconates or 120-250mg/L glycine.
CN201710721480.4A 2017-08-21 2017-08-21 A kind of implantation methods of Silicon-rich rape Pending CN107353120A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107980510A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-05-04 桐城市天泰农业种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for mending iron rape
CN108640774A (en) * 2018-07-29 2018-10-12 江苏中浩源科技有限公司 A kind of vegetables Selenium-rich nutrient solution
CN108947672A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-12-07 合肥工业大学 A kind of borosilicate kalium liquid fertilizer material and preparation method thereof
CN110169347A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-08-27 清华大学深圳研究生院 A kind of nutrient solution and its implantation methods of water planting selenium-rich brassicaceous vegetable
CN110352840A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-10-22 广东胜天农业工程有限公司 A kind of nutrient solution and its application method suitable for soilless cultivation

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103288511A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-11 天津职业技术师范大学 Rapeseed water culture nutrient solution

Patent Citations (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103288511A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-11 天津职业技术师范大学 Rapeseed water culture nutrient solution

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107980510A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-05-04 桐城市天泰农业种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for mending iron rape
CN108640774A (en) * 2018-07-29 2018-10-12 江苏中浩源科技有限公司 A kind of vegetables Selenium-rich nutrient solution
CN108947672A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-12-07 合肥工业大学 A kind of borosilicate kalium liquid fertilizer material and preparation method thereof
CN110169347A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-08-27 清华大学深圳研究生院 A kind of nutrient solution and its implantation methods of water planting selenium-rich brassicaceous vegetable
CN110352840A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-10-22 广东胜天农业工程有限公司 A kind of nutrient solution and its application method suitable for soilless cultivation

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