CN106613697A - High-yield and high-quality selenium-enriched sugar orange planting method - Google Patents

High-yield and high-quality selenium-enriched sugar orange planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106613697A
CN106613697A CN201611240903.2A CN201611240903A CN106613697A CN 106613697 A CN106613697 A CN 106613697A CN 201611240903 A CN201611240903 A CN 201611240903A CN 106613697 A CN106613697 A CN 106613697A
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selenium
parts
fruit
nursery
seed
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不公告发明人
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Guangzhou Modern Agriculture Research Institute Co Ltd
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Guangzhou Modern Agriculture Research Institute Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/08Immunising seed
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention provides a high-yield and high-quality selenium-enriched sugar orange planting method. The high-yield and high-quality selenium-enriched sugar orange planting method comprises the specific steps of (1) seed selection and pretreatment, (2) seedling cultivation, (3) nursery land treatment, (4) planting and (5) field management. According to the high-yield and high-quality selenium-enriched sugar orange planting method, cultivation method in every stage can be well matched with subsequent steps; by means of control over seed selection and seedling cultivation conditions, nursery land treatment, transplanting and selection of water, fertilizer, temperature and light during field management, obtained sugar orange is large in fruiting, uniform in size and capable of avoiding diseases of fruit russeting, cracking, malformation, little fruit as well as various fungi-caused blotches, thereby significantly enhancing resistance against disease, drought, cold and pests. Besides, the high-yield and high-quality selenium-enriched sugar orange planting method is low in consumption of selenium raw materials, thereby being relatively low in overall production costs; planted orange is rich in nutrition and high in selenium content and accordingly becomes a unique functional fruit.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of high yield high-quality selenium-rich sugar orange
Technical field
The invention belongs to cultivation of plants method, more particularly to a kind of plantation side of high yield high-quality selenium-rich sugar orange Method.
Background technology
Sugar orange, also known as:October Fructus Citri tangerinae.Original Yunan County, Huaiji, Guangning, four one bands of meeting.Initially originate from Sihui City Huang Tian Town Granulated sugar village, thus granulated sugar Fructus Citri tangerinae of gaining the name.The main place of production has:Lipu (Lipu Xiu Renzhen), it is Mengshan, Jin Xiu, Xiangzhou, Pingyue County, Zhaoping, flat South etc. (most for Lipu people leased land), Huaiji, Guangning, four meetings.Sugar orange fruit is oblate, and strumae, base of a fruit umbilicuss end are arranged at top Depression, color and luster is orange, and fruit wall is thin, easily peelable.Sugar orange especially with four can yellow Tian Towns produce it is extremely sweet as it is delicious, without slag, mouth Sense is fine and smooth, actually good merchantable brand.Now plant the maximum county of sugar orange area for country in Lipu county of hazard prevention.Sugar orange is stable yields high yield One of citrus variety.General plantation 3 years can result, abound with the phase later within 5 years.Single plant yield has 100-150 jin, and high yield person reach 350-400 jin, fruit storage tolerance.
Sugar orange is the famous-brand and high-quality kind of Citrus, and quilt《Yangcheng Evening News》Reputation claims " outshining othersOne branch of the tree is particularly thriving ".Its fruit is oblate, top There is strumae in portion, and base of a fruit umbilicuss concave end, color and luster is orange, and it is thin to wrap up in wall, easily peelable.Fruit shape index 0.78,62-86 gram of single fruit weight, can Food rate 71%, can contain dissolubility solid content 11%, per 100 milliliters containing complete 10.55 grams of sugar, 0.35 gram of fruit acid.Sarcocarp is sharp and clear, juice is more, Slugging, taste are fresh and sweet, eat Hou Qinxin and wet one's whistle, and afford food for thought.The product has won fame both at home and abroad, the 60-70 ages, once batch situation of selling well Southeast Asia and Hong Kong and Macao.
Sugar orange contains abundant vitamin C, calcium, cellulosic, a small amount of protein, fat and abundant glucose, fruit Sugar, sucrose, malic acid, citric acid, citric acid and carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, ascorbic acid, and calcium, Element necessary to the human bodies such as phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, granulated sugar Fructus Citri tangerinae sweet in the mouth is sour, cold in nature, with work(such as activating QI to eliminate phlegm, lung moistening bowel relieving, spleen invigorating of enriching blood Effect, can control the diseases such as lack of appetite, tastelessness, dyspepsia, can help digest, expectorant is quenched the thirst, qi-regulating eliminating stagnation it, it is anti-to treat constipation.
Selenium is a kind of chemical element, and chemical symbol is Se, and period 4 Group VIA is located in the periodic table of chemical element, is It is a kind of nonmetallic.1817, redness of the Sweden scientist Yong Si Jacobs Berzelius from the vitriol chamber bottom of sulfuric acid plant Selenium is obtained in powder material.Content much less of the selenium compared with its congenerss sulfur, in the earth's crust.Selenium exists into simple substance Ore deposit is extremely difficult to what is found, and the area of the unique selenium independent mineralization in the whole world is bestowed favour positioned at Hubei China.
Selenium is the teleorganic trace element of humans and animals, it can more than 40 kinds of disease of prophylactic treatment, thus have " anticancer it King ", " heart patron saint ", the laudatory title of " natural antidote ".In the world available selenium resource is fewer and feweri, and distributed pole is not Equilibrium, resource is very precious.Selenium is divided into two kinds in the existing way of nature:Inorganic selenium and vegetable active selenium.Inorganic selenium are general Refer to sodium selenite and sodium selenate, obtain from the side-product of metal mineral reserves;Vegetable active selenium is selenium by bioconversion and amino Acid is combined into, and typically in the form of Selenomethionine, its Glutathione Peroxidase is catalyzed in vivo hydrogen mistake Oxide or lipid peroxide are changed into water or various alcohols, eliminate free radical to biomembranous attack, and protection biomembrane is exempted from Oxidative damage.Additionally, selenium also participates in constituting de- iodine enzyme of iodate thyroid amino acid etc..
At this stage, it is also little with regard to the report of the cultivation technique of selenium-rich sugar orange, conventionally carry out on market Cultivation and management, cultivate a kind of extremely common sugar orange kind, therefore, study the cultivation technique tool with regard to selenium-rich sugar orange It is of great significance.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of implantation methods of high yield high-quality selenium-rich sugar orange.
To solve the above problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
(1) seed selection and pretreatment:It is typically chosen trophophase longer, plant is tall and big, fruit shape is larger, heat-moisture resistance and disease-resistant The stronger late variety of ability;By seed dry in the sun 2~4 hours before sowing, afterwards first with 10~15 points of immersion in 50~60 DEG C of water Clock, is constantly stirred therebetween with chopsticks, is then pulled out to be put in antibacterial liquid and is soaked 2~5 minutes, is finally pulled seed out and is put into 30 Soak 3~4 hours in~35 DEG C of water, taking-up is drained, and is put into accelerating germination in germinating box, and temperature is at 25~30 DEG C, until seed goes out It is existing to can be taken off being sowed when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally;Wherein, described antibacterial liquid is made up of the raw material of following weight parts:Carbendazim 0.1 ~0.2 part, 0.5~0.8 part of tertiary sodium phosphate, 1~4 part of rice vinegar, 2~3 parts of sodium lauroyl sarcosine, deionized water 100~110 Part;
(2) nursery:General first to adopt seedbed nursery, the long 20m of seedbed thing, wide 1.1m, high 20cm are put into seedling medium In the hole tray in 70 holes, put on seedbed, seed is put in cave with tweezers, cover seedling medium, with invisible seed as mark Standard, pours even moisture, finally covers mulch film, and moisture-heat preservation promotes germination and comes up;The thermophilic 12.5~37 of germination period DEG C, 16-20 DEG C of night;Germination generally requires 6-9 days, treats percentage of seedgermination up to more than 80%, opens mulch film, and Seedling Stage is white Its temperature 20-25 DEG C, at 10-15 DEG C of night, continues 4-7 days, you can be transplanted to field planting;
(3) process of nursery lot:Select the leeward hilly ground at the moon as nursery lot, then nursery lot is carried out multiple Cultivate, depth of reclaiming is 30cm~40cm;Then specification will be made for width 80cm~120cm × high 15cm through the nursery lot reclaimed The furrow of~20cm;Wherein, 750 kgs/acre~1000 kgs/acre of farm manure, calcium and magnesium phosphorus are applied in the processing procedure of nursery lot 80 kgs/acre~100 kgs/acre of 30 kgs/acre~35 kgs/acre of fertilizer and soil conditioner are used as base manure;
(4) it is colonized:Stem is thick in selection step (2), root system development is sound, no disease and pests harm, plant height are for 40cm~50cm's Seedling planting, seedbed 1 protective fungicide of spray in 1 day before field planting, is colonized, row spacing 1.3-1.5 rice, leveling with large-ridge double-row, Dropper is completed, mulch film is covered, 65 centimetres * 30 centimetres of distance between rows and hills, every mu of 3000-3500 strain wants every Seedling to pour fixed after field planting Root water, then seedling surrounding and mulch film are covered tightly with soil;
(5) field management:
1. trophophase water, fertilizer, temperature and intensity of illumination management:
Moisture:Periodically water, the humidity for keeping embanked field is the 40-50% of its saturation;
Temperature:After slow seedling to before bearing fruit, embanked field high temperature is kept to be 20-22 DEG C, the 15-17 DEG C of low temperature time of low temperature keeps 7- 8h;After bearing fruit, embanked field high temperature is kept to be 22-25 DEG C, the 15-17 DEG C of low temperature time of low temperature keeps 7-8h;
Illumination:Before bearing fruit, holding intensity of illumination is 3500-45001x, and light application time is 8-lOh;Fruiting period, keeps illumination Intensity is 4000-55001x, and light application time is 8-lOh;
Topdress:After field planting 40 days, new root starts growth, can be drenched with 2-3 times of liquid dung dilution of becoming thoroughly decomposed and be applied, and applies every 10-15 days Once, every plant of 2-5kg, from the beginning of plantation Second Year, liquid dung 15kg was applied every 20-30 days, and 0.15kg carbamide is every after 9 months 0.5kg potassium chloride is applied in strain;In addition, in addition to carrying out above-mentioned fertilising, respectively 15 days before leave-growing period, phase of bearing fruit, middle fruiting period, fruit picking Each blade face and root are sprayed containing selenium preparation, wherein the consisting of containing selenium preparation:By weight, selenium mushroom bran 2-3 parts are sub- Sodium selenate 2-3 parts, carbamide 5-8 parts, potassium superphosphate 10-15 parts, calcium phosphate 8-15 parts, humic acidss 2-5 parts, deionized water 10-20 Part;
2. pruning:After field planting, the cutting back at trunk 40cm, 3 different branches in direction of selecting and remain are decided skill, main skill It is in 45° angle with trunk vertical line, major branch is excessively upright, and with rope crotch angle is widened, after major branch is aging, retains short after 30cm Cut;
3. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Strengthen management, strengthen tree vigo(u)r, spray corresponding medicine during morbidity in time.
Wherein, pruning also includes, when summer shoot pumping, all erasing using manual method tender in the step (5) Bud, or the paclobutrazol of sprinkling 500-000ppm, the winter cuts will carry out cutting back to fruitful branch, shedding branch.
The present invention technique effect be:(1) using the cultural method of the present invention, the germination percentage of sugar orange seed reaches 90% More than, the plant percent after transplanting reaches more than 95%, and can start to yield positive results after transplanting 2 years.
(2) cultural method of the invention is from seed selection, nursery until the whole process of field management is an entirety, each The step of breeding method in stage is all with the later stage complements each other, by seed selection, the control of rearing condition, nursery lot process side The selection of method, the setting of field planting and field management Zhong Shui, fertilizer, temperature and illumination cause the sugar orange fruit that finally gives compared with Greatly, fruit size is uniform, and effectively prevents the diseases such as fruit russeting, dehiscent fruit, malformed fruit, fruitlet and funguses from causing various pintas to show As, disease-resistant, drought resisting, cold-resistant, insect pest ability are significantly increased, in addition, selenium raw material dosage of the present invention is few, therefore whole production process Low cost, but the sugar orange produced not only nutritive value is enriched, and Se content is high, makes common sugar orange become a kind of The extremely feature fruit of characteristic.
Specific embodiment
Technical scheme is further elaborated with reference to embodiment:
Embodiment 1
A kind of implantation methods of high yield high-quality selenium-rich sugar orange, comprise the steps:
(1) seed selection and pretreatment:It is typically chosen trophophase longer, plant is tall and big, fruit shape is larger, heat-moisture resistance and disease-resistant The stronger late variety of ability;By seed dry in the sun 3 hours before sowing, first used therebetween with immersion 13 minutes in 55 DEG C of water afterwards Chopsticks are constantly stirred, and are then pulled out to be put in antibacterial liquid and are soaked 2~5 minutes, are finally pulled out to be put into seed in 32 DEG C of water and are soaked Bubble 3 hours, taking-up is drained, and is put into accelerating germination in germinating box, and temperature is at 26 DEG C, until seed is had when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally to can be taken off carrying out Sowing;Wherein, described antibacterial liquid is made up of the raw material of following weight parts:0.1 part of carbendazim, 0.6 part of tertiary sodium phosphate, rice vinegar 3 Part, 2 parts of sodium lauroyl sarcosine, 105 parts of deionized water;
(2) nursery:General first to adopt seedbed nursery, the long 20m of seedbed thing, wide 1.1m, high 20cm are put into seedling medium In the hole tray in 70 holes, put on seedbed, seed is put in cave with tweezers, cover seedling medium, with invisible seed as mark Standard, pours even moisture, finally covers mulch film, and moisture-heat preservation promotes germination and comes up;20 DEG C of the thermophilic of germination period, night Between 18 DEG C;Germination generally requires 7 days, treats percentage of seedgermination up to more than 80%, opens mulch film, Seedling Stage day temperature 22 DEG C, at 11 DEG C of night, continue 5 days, you can be transplanted to field planting;
(3) process of nursery lot:Select the leeward hilly ground at the moon as nursery lot, then nursery lot is carried out multiple Cultivate, depth of reclaiming is 35cm;Then the furrow that specification is width 100cm × high 17cm will be made through the nursery lot reclaimed;Wherein, exist Apply in the processing procedure of nursery lot 90 kilograms of 850 kgs/acre of farm manure, 32 kgs/acre of calcium magnesium phosphate and soil conditioner/ Mu is used as base manure;
(4) it is colonized:The nursery stock that stem in step (2) is thick, root system development is sound, no disease and pests harm, plant height are 45cm is selected to determine Plant, seedbed 1 protective fungicide of spray in 1 day before field planting is colonized, 1.35 meters of row spacing with large-ridge double-row, and dropper is completed in leveling, Mulch film is covered, 65 centimetres * 30 centimetres of distance between rows and hills, wants every Seedling to pour root water by 3200 plants per mu after field planting, then with soil children Seedling surrounding and mulch film are covered tightly;
(5) field management:
1. trophophase water, fertilizer, temperature and intensity of illumination management:
Moisture:Periodically water, the humidity for keeping embanked field is the 40-50% of its saturation;
Temperature:After slow seedling to before bearing fruit, embanked field high temperature is kept to be 21 DEG C, 16 DEG C of low temperature times of low temperature keep 7h;After bearing fruit, Embanked field high temperature is kept to be 23 DEG C, 16 DEG C of low temperature times of low temperature keep 7h;
Illumination:Before bearing fruit, holding intensity of illumination is 40001x, and light application time is 9h;Fruiting period, keep intensity of illumination be 50001x, light application time is 9h;
Topdress:After field planting 40 days, new root starts growth, can dilute 2 times of pouring with the liquid dung that becomes thoroughly decomposed and apply, and applies once every 12 days, Every plant of 3kg, from the beginning of plantation Second Year, every 25 days liquid dung 15kg was applied, and 0.15kg carbamide applies 0.5kg chlorine for per plant after 9 months Change potassium;In addition, in addition to carrying out above-mentioned fertilising, 15 days each blade faces and root before leave-growing period, phase of bearing fruit, middle fruiting period, fruit picking respectively Portion is sprayed containing selenium preparation, wherein the consisting of containing selenium preparation:By weight, 2 parts of selenium mushroom bran, 3 parts of sodium selenite, urine 6 parts of element, 12 parts of potassium superphosphate, 10 parts of calcium phosphate, 3 parts of humic acidss, 15 parts of deionized water;
2. pruning:After field planting, the cutting back at trunk 40cm, 3 different branches in direction of selecting and remain are decided skill, main skill It is in 45° angle with trunk vertical line, major branch is excessively upright, and with rope crotch angle is widened, after major branch is aging, retains short after 30cm Cut;
3. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Strengthen management, strengthen tree vigo(u)r, spray corresponding medicine during morbidity in time.
Embodiment 2
A kind of implantation methods of high yield high-quality selenium-rich sugar orange, comprise the steps:
(1) seed selection and pretreatment:It is typically chosen trophophase longer, plant is tall and big, fruit shape is larger, heat-moisture resistance and disease-resistant The stronger late variety of ability;By seed dry in the sun 3 hours before sowing, first used therebetween with immersion 11 minutes in 57 DEG C of water afterwards Chopsticks are constantly stirred, and are then pulled out to be put in antibacterial liquid and are soaked 4 minutes, are finally pulled out to be put into seed in 35 DEG C of water and are soaked 3 Hour, taking-up is drained, and is put into accelerating germination in germinating box, and temperature is at 25 DEG C, until seed is had when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally to can be taken off being broadcast Kind;Wherein, described antibacterial liquid is made up of the raw material of following weight parts:0.2 part of carbendazim, 0.5 part of tertiary sodium phosphate, 1 part of rice vinegar, 2 parts of sodium lauroyl sarcosine, 100 parts of deionized water;
(2) nursery:General first to adopt seedbed nursery, the long 20m of seedbed thing, wide 1.1m, high 20cm are put into seedling medium In the hole tray in 70 holes, put on seedbed, seed is put in cave with tweezers, cover seedling medium, with invisible seed as mark Standard, pours even moisture, finally covers mulch film, and moisture-heat preservation promotes germination and comes up;20 DEG C of the thermophilic of germination period, night Between 17 DEG C;Germination generally requires 6 days, treats percentage of seedgermination up to more than 80%, opens mulch film, Seedling Stage day temperature 20 DEG C, at 10 DEG C of night, continue 4 days, you can be transplanted to field planting;
(3) process of nursery lot:Select the leeward hilly ground at the moon as nursery lot, then nursery lot is carried out multiple Cultivate, depth of reclaiming is 30cm;Then the furrow that specification is width 100cm × high 15cm will be made through the nursery lot reclaimed;Wherein, exist 1000 kgs/acre of farm manure, 30 kgs/acre of calcium magnesium phosphate and soil conditioner 90 are applied in the processing procedure of nursery lot public Pound/acre as base manure;
(4) it is colonized:The nursery stock that stem in step (2) is thick, root system development is sound, no disease and pests harm, plant height are 40cm is selected to determine Plant, seedbed 1 protective fungicide of spray in 1 day before field planting is colonized, 1.3 meters of row spacing with large-ridge double-row, and dropper is completed in leveling, is covered Upper mulch film, 65 centimetres * 30 centimetres of distance between rows and hills, wants every Seedling to pour root water by 3500 plants per mu after field planting, then with soil seedling Surrounding and mulch film are covered tightly;
(5) field management:
1. trophophase water, fertilizer, temperature and intensity of illumination management:
Moisture:Periodically water, the humidity for keeping embanked field is the 50% of its saturation;
Temperature:After slow seedling to before bearing fruit, embanked field high temperature is kept to be 22 DEG C, 15 DEG C of low temperature times of low temperature keep 7h;After bearing fruit, Embanked field high temperature is kept to be 22-25 DEG C, 15 DEG C of low temperature times of low temperature keep 8h;
Illumination:Before bearing fruit, holding intensity of illumination is 45001x, and light application time is 8h;Fruiting period, keep intensity of illumination be 40001x, light application time is lOh;
Topdress:After field planting 40 days, new root starts growth, can dilute 3 times of pouring with the liquid dung that becomes thoroughly decomposed and apply, and applies once every 10 days, Every plant of 5kg, from the beginning of plantation Second Year, every 20 days liquid dung 15kg was applied, and 0.15kg carbamide applies 0.5kg chlorine for per plant after 9 months Change potassium;In addition, in addition to carrying out above-mentioned fertilising, 15 days each blade faces and root before leave-growing period, phase of bearing fruit, middle fruiting period, fruit picking respectively Portion is sprayed containing selenium preparation, wherein the consisting of containing selenium preparation:By weight, 2 parts of selenium mushroom bran, 3 parts of sodium selenite, urine 5 parts of element, 15 parts of potassium superphosphate, 15 parts of calcium phosphate, 2 parts of humic acidss, 20 parts of deionized water;
2. pruning:After field planting, the cutting back at trunk 40cm, 3 different branches in direction of selecting and remain are decided skill, main skill It is in 45° angle with trunk vertical line, major branch is excessively upright, and with rope crotch angle is widened, after major branch is aging, retains short after 30cm Cut;
3. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Strengthen management, strengthen tree vigo(u)r, spray corresponding medicine during morbidity in time.
Finally it should be noted that:The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, the present invention is not limited to, Although being described in detail to the present invention with reference to the foregoing embodiments, for a person skilled in the art, it still may be used To modify to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or equivalent is carried out to which part technical characteristic. All any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements within the spirit and principles in the present invention, made etc., should be included in the present invention's Within protection domain.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of implantation methods of high yield high-quality selenium-rich sugar orange, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
(1) seed selection and pretreatment:It is typically chosen trophophase longer, plant is tall and big, fruit shape is larger, heat-moisture resistance and resistances against diseases Stronger late variety;By seed dry in the sun 2~4 hours before sowing, immersion 10~15 minutes in 50~60 DEG C of water are first used afterwards, its Between constantly stirred with chopsticks, then pull out be put in antibacterial liquid soak 2~5 minutes, finally seed is pulled out and is put into 30~35 DEG C water in soak 3~4 hours, taking-up is drained, and is put into accelerating germination in germinating box, and temperature is at 25~30 DEG C, until seed has Can be taken off being sowed when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally;Wherein, described antibacterial liquid is made up of the raw material of following weight parts:Carbendazim 0.1~0.2 Part, 0.5~0.8 part of tertiary sodium phosphate, 1~4 part of rice vinegar, 2~3 parts of sodium lauroyl sarcosine, 100~110 parts of deionized water;
(2) nursery:General first to adopt seedbed nursery, seedling medium is put into 70 holes by the long 20m of seedbed thing, wide 1.1m, high 20cm Hole tray in, put on seedbed, seed is put in cave with tweezers, cover seedling medium, with invisible seed as standard, pour Even moisture, finally covers mulch film, and moisture-heat preservation promotes germination and comes up;12.5~37 DEG C of the thermophilic of germination period, night Between 16-20 DEG C;Germination generally requires 6-9 days, treats percentage of seedgermination up to more than 80%, opens mulch film, Seedling Stage temperature on daytime 20-25 DEG C of degree, at 10-15 DEG C of night, continues 4-7 days, you can be transplanted to field planting;
(3) process of nursery lot:Select the leeward hilly ground at the moon as nursery lot, then nursery lot is reclaimed, it is multiple Depth is cultivated for 30cm~40cm;Then by through nursery lot that reclaiming make specification for width 80cm~120cm × high 15cm~ The furrow of 20cm;Wherein, 750 kgs/acre~1000 kgs/acre of farm manure, calcium magnesium phosphate are applied in the processing procedure of nursery lot 30 kgs/acre~35 kgs/acre and 80 kgs/acre~100 kgs/acre of soil conditioner are used as base manure;
(4) it is colonized:Select the nursery stock that stem in step (2) is thick, root system development is sound, no disease and pests harm, plant height are 40cm~50cm Field planting, seedbed 1 protective fungicide of spray in 1 day before field planting, is colonized, row spacing 1.3-1.5 rice with large-ridge double-row, and leveling is completed Dropper, covers mulch film, and 65 centimetres * 30 centimetres of distance between rows and hills, every mu of 3000-3500 strain wants every Seedling to pour root water after field planting, Again seedling surrounding and mulch film are covered tightly with soil;
(5) field management:
1. trophophase water, fertilizer, temperature and intensity of illumination management:
Moisture:Periodically water, the humidity for keeping embanked field is the 40-50% of its saturation;
Temperature:After slow seedling to before bearing fruit, embanked field high temperature is kept to be 20-22 DEG C, the 15-17 DEG C of low temperature time of low temperature keeps 7-8h;Sit After fruit, embanked field high temperature is kept to be 22-25 DEG C, the 15-17 DEG C of low temperature time of low temperature keeps 7-8h;
Illumination:Before bearing fruit, holding intensity of illumination is 3500-45001x, and light application time is 8-lOh;Fruiting period, keeps intensity of illumination For 4000-55001x, light application time is 8-lOh;
Topdress:After field planting 40 days, new root starts growth, can be drenched with 2-3 times of liquid dung dilution of becoming thoroughly decomposed and be applied, and applies every 10-15 days once, Every plant of 2-5kg, from the beginning of plantation Second Year, every 20-30 days liquid dung 15kg was applied, and 0.15kg carbamide is applied for per plant after 9 months 0.5kg potassium chloride;In addition, in addition to carrying out above-mentioned fertilising, 15 days each leaves before leave-growing period, phase of bearing fruit, middle fruiting period, fruit picking respectively Face and root are sprayed containing selenium preparation, wherein the consisting of containing selenium preparation:By weight, selenium mushroom bran 2-3 parts, Monohydrated selenium dioxide Sodium 2-3 parts, carbamide 5-8 parts, potassium superphosphate 10-15 parts, calcium phosphate 8-15 parts, humic acidss 2-5 parts, deionized water 10-20 parts;
2. pruning:After field planting, the cutting back at trunk 40cm, 3 different branches in direction of selecting and remain are decided skill, main skill and master Dry vertical line is in 45° angle, and major branch is excessively upright, and with rope crotch angle is widened, and after major branch is aging, retains cutting back after 30cm;
3. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Strengthen management, strengthen tree vigo(u)r, spray corresponding medicine during morbidity in time.
2. implantation methods according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Pruning also includes working as the summer in the step (5) During tip pumping, tender shoots is all erased using manual method, or the paclobutrazol of sprinkling 500-1000ppm, the winter cut will to fruitful branch, Shedding branch carries out cutting back.
CN201611240903.2A 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 High-yield and high-quality selenium-enriched sugar orange planting method Withdrawn CN106613697A (en)

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CN107347549A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-17 钟山佳园生态农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich organic sugar orange
CN107494129A (en) * 2017-08-30 2017-12-22 荔浦鸿博朝阳养殖场 A kind of implantation methods of Citrus shatangju
CN107593252A (en) * 2017-11-09 2018-01-19 董珉 A kind of intensive implantation methods of sugar orange
CN108633581A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-10-12 博白县宁潭镇寻梦生态园种养专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich sugar orange
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CN107347549A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-17 钟山佳园生态农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich organic sugar orange
CN107494129A (en) * 2017-08-30 2017-12-22 荔浦鸿博朝阳养殖场 A kind of implantation methods of Citrus shatangju
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CN109258282A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-01-25 贵州长山长顺农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods improving sugar orange yield

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