CN107319583A - Tea seed is peeled off separator - Google Patents

Tea seed is peeled off separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107319583A
CN107319583A CN201710726188.1A CN201710726188A CN107319583A CN 107319583 A CN107319583 A CN 107319583A CN 201710726188 A CN201710726188 A CN 201710726188A CN 107319583 A CN107319583 A CN 107319583A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tea seed
hulling machine
hangnail
eccentric wheel
hangnail plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710726188.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡凤翔
胡淑容
周治钦
朱小红
谢李玉
洪新钰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fujian Shen Yao Tea Ltd By Share Ltd
Original Assignee
Fujian Shen Yao Tea Ltd By Share Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fujian Shen Yao Tea Ltd By Share Ltd filed Critical Fujian Shen Yao Tea Ltd By Share Ltd
Priority to CN201710726188.1A priority Critical patent/CN107319583A/en
Publication of CN107319583A publication Critical patent/CN107319583A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B13/00Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
    • B07B13/08Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices according to weight
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B1/00Production of fats or fatty oils from raw materials
    • C11B1/02Pretreatment
    • C11B1/04Pretreatment of vegetable raw material

Abstract

The present invention disclose a kind of tea seed and peeled off separator, including conveyer belt, charging aperture and hulling machine, its feature be conveyer belt on terminate to charging aperture, charging aperture is connected to hulling machine, and hulling machine lateral opening connects dust catcher through screen pack;The under shed of hulling machine is connected to sorting unit, the sorting unit includes outer cover, motor, eccentric wheel and hangnail plate, be the surface groove of a right low left high above hangnail plate, the front and back of surface groove be from left to right be distributed with and be shaped as on closing, surface groove "" hangnail, exported in the left end of hangnail plate provided with tea seed kernel, hangnail plate right-hand member provided with tea seed episperm outlet, the upper shed of outer cover is connected on the under shed of hulling machine;Round mouth is provided with the medium position of hangnail plate, round mouth is built-in with eccentric wheel, and eccentric wheel is driven by motor and rotated;The under shed of tea seed episperm and tea seed kernel through hulling machine after tea seed shells through hulling machine is poured on hangnail;Motor belt motor movable eccentric wheel can separate tea seed kernel and tea seed episperm when operating.

Description

Tea seed is peeled off separator
Technical field
Peeled off sorting unit the present invention relates to one kind, more particularly to a kind of tea seed is peeled off separator.
Background technology
Oil tea is the distinctive woody oil tree species of China, is also the main ecological economy seeds of China, with olive, oil Palm fibre, coconut simultaneously claim the world four woody oil tree species edible greatly.Traditional camellia oleifera fruit processing is first to dry tea fruit, big absolutely after drying Part tea fruit can split along divisural line, and oil tea shell typically splits into two to pintongs, then firmly break oil tea valve into two with one's hands, take out seed Grain, using manual work, wastes time and energy.And oil tea fresh fruit moisture content is high, the easy moldy metamorphism of tea seed is such as processed not in time, So as to influence tea oil quality.Existing mechanical manufacturing technology is that fresh fruit is processed, and generally using extruding or physics Broken method is hit, therefore easily causes seed benevolence to crush, and seed benevolence separating effect is all very poor.For example number of patent application is CN201110453700.2 " oil tea fruit unshelling separator ", the machine is hit using hulling drum carries out broken shell, using discaling roll and Smooth roll is to rolling into the sorting of row seed benevolence, although have higher shell-breaking rate and sorting index, but the broken seed that physical shock is produced is more, right The smaller or broken seed of particle can be separated in shell so as to cause to waste by roller sorting, and contain miscellaneous higher in seed, Need secondary operation.And for example Chinese Patent Application No. is a kind of 201420505075.0 oil tea Chinese olive decorticator, and the machine is used A kind of form of classifying screen is first classified, then carries out broken shell using a kind of material pressing device, though the machine can broken shell, broken shell Effect is general, and shell particle is larger after broken shell, is not easy to follow-up seed benevolence sorting, it is still desirable to manually sorted.
The content of the invention
Peeled off separator it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of tea seed simple in construction, easy to use, to improve work Efficiency.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, and described tea seed is peeled off separator, including conveyer belt, charging aperture and shelling Machine, it is characterised in that charging aperture is terminated on conveyer belt, charging aperture is connected to hulling machine, and hulling machine lateral opening connects through screen pack Dust catcher, the tea seed episperm fine powder after dust catcher shells tea seed through hulling machine is siphoned away, in case the tea seed episperm fine powder in sorting is made Into serious dust pollution;The under shed of hulling machine is connected to sorting unit, the sorting unit include outer cover, motor, eccentric wheel and It is the surface groove of a right low left high above hangnail plate, hangnail plate, the front and back of surface groove is on closing, surface groove From left to right be distributed with and be shaped as "" hangnail, hangnail plate left end provided with tea seed kernel export, set in the right-hand member of hangnail plate There is tea seed episperm outlet, outer cover covers hangnail plate, and the upper shed of outer cover is connected on the under shed of hulling machine;At the middle position of hangnail plate Round mouth is installed, round mouth is built-in with eccentric wheel, and eccentric wheel is driven by motor and rotated;Tea seed shelled through hulling machine after tea seed episperm and Under shed of the tea seed kernel through hulling machine is poured on hangnail;Motor belt motor movable eccentric wheel can make hangnail plate side-to-side vibrations when operating, when inclined Heart wheel, which is gone to when at the location A of round mouth, hangnail plate vibrates to the left makes the tea seed kernel of weighting one by one to be moved upward to through hangnail Tea seed kernel is exported;When eccentric wheel is gone at the B location of round mouth, hangnail plate vibrate to the right, and light tea seed episperm partially is down to tea Seed shell is exported.
Advantage of the present invention is:The present invention is processed after tea seed is put into charging aperture by hulling machine to tea seed, can be hard by tea seed Shell is peelled off and sub-elects tea seed kernel and tea seed episperm, is simple in structure and convenient in use.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
The separator as shown in figure 1, tea seed of the present invention is peeled off, including conveyer belt 1, charging aperture 2 and hulling machine 3, its structure Feature is terminates to charging aperture 2 on conveyer belt 1, and charging aperture 2 is connected to hulling machine 3, and the lateral opening of hulling machine 3 connects through screen pack 4 Dust catcher 5, the tea seed episperm fine powder after dust catcher 5 shells tea seed through hulling machine 3 is siphoned away, in order to avoid the tea seed episperm fine powder in sorting Cause serious dust pollution;The under shed of hulling machine 3 is connected to sorting unit, and sorting unit includes outer cover 6, motor(Do not show on figure Show), eccentric wheel 8 and hangnail plate 9, be the surface groove of a right low left high above hangnail plate 9, the front-back of surface groove is closing , so as not to tea seed episperm and tea seed kernel leave and be from left to right distributed with and be shaped as on surface groove, surface groove "" hangnail 10, fall The left end of thorn plate 9 is provided with tea seed episperm outlet 11, outer cover 6 covers Zhu's hangnail plate 9 provided with tea seed kernel outlet 7 in the right-hand member of hangnail plate 9, The upper shed of outer cover 6 is connected on the under shed of hulling machine 3;Round mouth is provided with the medium position of hangnail plate 9, round mouth is built-in with bias Wheel 8, eccentric wheel 8 is driven by motor and rotated.
The course of work of the present invention is:Tea seed enters charging aperture 2 by conveyer belt 1, and tea seed is processed tea seed episperm by hulling machine 3 Depart from tea seed kernel, part tea seed episperm powder is siphoned away by dust catcher.Tea seed episperm and tea seed kernel after shelling are all poured on hangnail;Due to Motor belt motor movable eccentric wheel 8 operate when, the side-to-side vibrations of hangnail plate 9 can be made, when eccentric wheel is gone at round mouth location A, hangnail plate to It is left to vibrate, heavier tea seed kernel is moved upward to tea seed kernel outlet 7 one by one by hangnail, realize that tea seed kernel is separated;Work as bias Remote salient point when going at round mouth B location, hangnail plate is taken turns to vibrate to the right, and tea seed episperm is partially light is all exported down to tea seed episperm, reality Existing tea seed episperm separation.
The above-mentioned eccentric wheel shapes and sizes of the present invention and round mouth shapes and sizes are not limited only to shape drawn in Fig. 1 Shape, can also be the other conventional shapes in this area, as long as can use the above-mentioned eccentric wheel shape of the present invention in the present invention Relevant with the tea seed kernel granular size sorted with size and round mouth shapes and sizes, these can pass through this area general technology Personnel can obtain optimal eccentric wheel shapes and sizes and round mouth shapes and sizes by the experiment of limited number of time;The present invention's falls Columns and sorting that the hangnail number and density that are distributed on thorn plate 9 and the left and right on hangnail plate 9 and fore-and-aft direction are arranged Tea seed kernel granular size is relevant, and these can also can be obtained most preferably by persons skilled in the art by the experiment of limited number of time Hangnail plate on the hangnail number and density that are distributed;Prior arts is in the not described part of the present invention and the detailed part that describes, such as Hulling machine and motor are prior art, and the rotating speed of such as motor can be obtained for persons skilled in the art by the experiment of limited number of time Optimal speed revolution value, has reached optimal tea seed kernel and tea seed episperm separating effect.

Claims (1)

  1. The separator 1. a kind of tea seed is peeled off, including conveyer belt, charging aperture and hulling machine, it is characterised in that terminated on conveyer belt Charging aperture, charging aperture is connected to hulling machine, and hulling machine lateral opening connects dust catcher through screen pack, and dust catcher takes off tea seed through hulling machine Tea seed episperm fine powder after shell is siphoned away, in case the tea seed episperm fine powder in sorting causes serious dust pollution;The under shed of hulling machine Sorting unit is connected to, the sorting unit includes left high right for one above outer cover, motor, eccentric wheel and hangnail plate, hangnail plate Low surface groove, the front and back of surface groove be from left to right be distributed with and be shaped as on closing, surface groove "" fall Thorn, is exported in the left end of hangnail plate provided with tea seed kernel, is exported in the right-hand member of hangnail plate provided with tea seed episperm, outer cover covers hangnail plate, The upper shed of outer cover is connected on the under shed of hulling machine;Round mouth is provided with the medium position of hangnail plate, round mouth is built-in with eccentric wheel, Eccentric wheel is driven by motor and rotated;The under shed of tea seed episperm and tea seed kernel through hulling machine after tea seed shells through hulling machine is poured on down In thorn;Motor belt motor movable eccentric wheel can make hangnail plate side-to-side vibrations when operating, when eccentric wheel is gone at the location A of round mouth, hangnail Plate vibrates to the left makes the tea seed kernel of weighting to move upward to tea seed kernel outlet one by one through hangnail;When eccentric wheel goes to round mouth When at B location, hangnail plate vibrate to the right, and light tea seed episperm is exported down to tea seed episperm partially.
CN201710726188.1A 2017-08-22 2017-08-22 Tea seed is peeled off separator Pending CN107319583A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710726188.1A CN107319583A (en) 2017-08-22 2017-08-22 Tea seed is peeled off separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710726188.1A CN107319583A (en) 2017-08-22 2017-08-22 Tea seed is peeled off separator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107319583A true CN107319583A (en) 2017-11-07

Family

ID=60224518

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710726188.1A Pending CN107319583A (en) 2017-08-22 2017-08-22 Tea seed is peeled off separator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107319583A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107897952A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-04-13 梁国玲 A kind of lossless peeling machines people of sunflower seeds
CN109924513A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-06-25 广东星汇生物科技有限公司 A kind of novel tea seed decorticator

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0227555A1 (en) * 1985-12-23 1987-07-01 Centre Technique Interprofessionnel Des Oleagineux Metropolitains (C.E.T.I.O.M.) Method of and plant for dehulling-separating sun flower seeds
CN2179210Y (en) * 1994-01-17 1994-10-12 郝进军 Vibrating grader
CN205611710U (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-10-05 江西源森油茶科技股份有限公司 Camellia seed huller

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0227555A1 (en) * 1985-12-23 1987-07-01 Centre Technique Interprofessionnel Des Oleagineux Metropolitains (C.E.T.I.O.M.) Method of and plant for dehulling-separating sun flower seeds
CN2179210Y (en) * 1994-01-17 1994-10-12 郝进军 Vibrating grader
CN205611710U (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-10-05 江西源森油茶科技股份有限公司 Camellia seed huller

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107897952A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-04-13 梁国玲 A kind of lossless peeling machines people of sunflower seeds
CN109924513A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-06-25 广东星汇生物科技有限公司 A kind of novel tea seed decorticator

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Application publication date: 20171107