CN105286025A - Peanut shelling and screening device - Google Patents

Peanut shelling and screening device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105286025A
CN105286025A CN201510722367.9A CN201510722367A CN105286025A CN 105286025 A CN105286025 A CN 105286025A CN 201510722367 A CN201510722367 A CN 201510722367A CN 105286025 A CN105286025 A CN 105286025A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
peanut
feed bin
shelling
shells
frame
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510722367.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖明孝
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHONGQING LEJUE FOOD Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CHONGQING LEJUE FOOD Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHONGQING LEJUE FOOD Co Ltd filed Critical CHONGQING LEJUE FOOD Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510722367.9A priority Critical patent/CN105286025A/en
Publication of CN105286025A publication Critical patent/CN105286025A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a peanut shelling and screening device. The peanut shelling and screening device comprises a machine frame, a shelling mechanism and an electric motor, wherein the shelling mechanism comprises an accommodating cavity body and a shelling disk mounted in the accommodating cavity body; convex teeth are formed in the inner wall of the accommodating cavity body; the distance between the shelling disk and the convex teeth is set to 1-2cm, and one end of the accommodating cavity body communicates with a feed hopper; the other end of the accommodating cavity body communicates with a material distribution groove; a screening mechanism is arranged under a material storing barrel and comprises a screening plate arranged obliquely, a first bin and a second bin; the first bin and the second bin are positioned under the screening plate; a first filter sieve and a second filter sieve with different bore diameters are arranged on the screening plate; the first bin is mounted under the first filter sieve, and the second bin is mounted under the second filter sieve; a vibrator is mounted on the screening plate. The invention aims to solve the problems that according to conventional peanut shelling equipment, impurities in fruit kernels need to be sorted separately, and classifying screening of peanut kernels cannot be performed.

Description

One cultivates peanut the separating screen device that shells
Technical field
The present invention relates to food processing equipment field, be specifically related to one and cultivate peanut the separating screen device that shells.
Background technology
Modern scientific research shows that Zn-ef ficiency content in peanut fruit is generally higher than other oil crops.Zinc can promote children's brain development, there is the memory function strengthening brain, middle-aged and old brain cell can be activated, delaying human body crosses presenility, anti-aging, the protein content of peanut is 25%-30%, and peanut protein contains eight seed amino acids of needed by human, arginine content is higher than other nut, and biological value is higher than soybean.Peanut after harvesting, could be used for after needing to carry out heat treatment extracting oil or the further processing of food, traditional peanut shells as manpower shells by hand, speed of not only shelling is slow, efficiency is low, and it is easily tired, and finger is easily injured, existing market there is machine automatization hulling device, also improve the efficiency of peanut shelling to a certain extent, but after peanut shelling, cracked housing and kernel are together discharged, need to sort the impurity be mixed in kernel separately, efficiency is low, and the size of peanut itself is inconsistent, some full grains, quality is good, and some particle is less, the peanut kernels choosing full grains are needed to process in food processing, but before shelling, cannot judge and choose the peanut kernels of full grains often, and existing peanut shell equipment can not carry out sizing screening to shelled peanut equally, the demand of inapplicable production.
Summary of the invention
The invention is intended to provide one to cultivate peanut the separating screen device that shells, to solve in existing peanut shell equipment the problem needing to sort separately impurity in kernel and sizing screening can not be carried out shelled peanut.
For achieving the above object, base case of the present invention is as follows: one cultivates peanut the separating screen device that shells, comprise frame, shell mechanism and motor, the top of described frame is provided with feed hopper, material-dividing groove and material storage tube is provided with in described frame, be communicated with by aggregate pipe between described material-dividing groove and material storage tube, described mechanism of shelling comprises receiving cavity and is arranged on the dish that shells in receiving cavity, the inwall of receiving cavity is provided with double wedge, the distance of shelling between dish and double wedge is set to 1-2cm, one end of described receiving cavity is communicated with feed hopper, the other end of receiving cavity is communicated with material-dividing groove, described aggregate pipe is connected with blower fan by airduct, the opposite side of wind turbine layout material storage tube in frame, described shelling between dish and motor is connected by V belt translation, the below of described material storage tube is provided with sub-sieve mechanism, sub-sieve mechanism comprises point sieve plate and the first feed bin be positioned at below point sieve plate and the second feed bin that are obliquely installed, sieve plate is divided to be provided with the first different sieves of aperture and the second sieves, first feed bin and the second feed bin are arranged on the below of the first sieves and the second sieves respectively, divide on sieve plate and vibrator is installed.
The dish that shells in such scheme is set to 1-2cm with the distance between double wedge, is according to the size reasonable of conventional peanut design gap between the two.
The principle of this base case is: during use, peanut raw material is entered by the feed hopper of frame top, machine operation, the dish that shells in receiving cavity is driven to rotate, and coordinate the double wedge on receiving cavity inwall, the crushing to the peanut raw material shell in receiving cavity gap is completed with this, kernel after crushing is through the horizontal filter screen of material-dividing groove with its notch place, and enter into material storage tube by aggregate pipe, in the process, be arranged in the blower fan work of the opposite side of material storage tube in frame, thus the shell slag fallen in aggregate pipe and onal are blown down, and discharge from the impurities outlet cabinet, thus guarantee that the peanut kernels entering into material storage tube are not containing other impurity, make the impurity without the need to sorting separately in kernel, the distance of shelling between dish and double wedge is set to 1-2cm, when making the double wedge cooperating shelled between dish and receiving cavity inwall, can effectively shell, peanut kernels can not be destroyed again, do not hinder kernel, the peanut kernels entering into material storage tube carry out category filter, when peanut flows through point sieve plate, classified filtering can be carried out according to different the first sieves in aperture and the second sieves, and determined to enter into the first feed bin or the second feed bin by self granular size of shelled peanut, so that centralized recovery, in the process, vibrator drives point sieve plate vibrations, screening can be accelerated, avoid piling up, sieve plate is divided to tilt to install, can according to the size of shelled peanut particle and self gravitation (full grains, a point sieve plate is flowed out downwards after self heavier shelled peanut rolls, and less, the lighter shelled peanut of particle directly vertically flows out a point sieve plate), make it entering in the first feed bin or the second feed bin easily and fast.
The advantage of this base case is: reasonable in design of the present invention, can shell fast, substantially increase the efficiency that peanut shells to peanut, and according to the volume category filter of shelled peanut and impurity, can isolate shelled peanut and impurity.Adopting blower fan to blow down the shell slag in aggregate pipe and onal, making it the impurity without the need to sorting separately in kernel; Can also screen, classify the large and small shelled peanut differed in addition, automaticity is high, has good economic benefit and social benefit, is beneficial to extensive promotion and application.
Preferred version 1 on base case is, the bottom of described first feed bin and the second feed bin all offers material mouth, the rewinding box of different identification is respectively equipped with below the material mouth of the first feed bin and the second feed bin, the shelled peanut of the variable grain size after sub-sieve enters into the rewinding box of different identification through material mouth, be convenient to identify and centralized collection.
Preferred version 2 on base case or preferred version 1 is, the notch of described material-dividing groove is detachably provided with horizontal filter screen, and horizontal filter screen can tentatively filter the peanut shell that in peanut broken shell, volume is larger, is stacked into a certain degree, by artificial removing, can avoid being mixed into impurity in material storage tube.
Preferred version 3 on preferred version 2 is, the described dish that shells is provided with the first belt wheel, motor is provided with the second belt wheel, connected by belt between first belt wheel and the second belt wheel, second belt wheel adopts big belt pulley, be connected with belt by big belt pulley, be conducive to driving the high-speed rotation of shelling and coiling.
Preferred version 4 on preferred version 2 is that described horizontal screen card is connected on the inwall of material-dividing groove, and installation, convenient disassembly, be also beneficial to replacing.
Preferred version 5 on base case is that the bottom of described frame is provided with rubber blanket, and rubber blanket is fixed by alignment pin and frame, blower fan in frame and motor are in the course of the work, can produce larger vibration, rubber blanket can play cushioning effect, reduces the wearing and tearing of its vibration and frame.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that the present invention one cultivates peanut the structural representation of separating screen device embodiment of shelling.
Fig. 2 is that the present invention one cultivates peanut the schematic diagram of mechanism of shelling in separating screen device embodiment that shells.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by detailed description of the invention, the present invention is further detailed explanation:
Reference numeral in Figure of description comprises: frame 1, motor 2, feed hopper 3, rubber blanket 4, material-dividing groove 5, material storage tube 6, aggregate pipe 7, horizontal filter screen 8, receiving cavity 9, the dish 10 that shells, double wedge 11, airduct 12, blower fan 13, belt 14, point sieve plate 15, first feed bin 16, second feed bin 17, first sieves 18, second sieves 19, rewinding box 20.
Embodiment is basic as accompanying drawing 1, shown in accompanying drawing 2: one cultivates peanut the separating screen device that shells, comprise frame 1, shell mechanism and motor 2, the top of frame 1 is provided with feed hopper 3, the bottom of frame 1 is provided with rubber blanket 4, rubber blanket 4 is fixed by alignment pin and frame 1, material-dividing groove 5 and material storage tube 6 is provided with in frame 1, be communicated with by aggregate pipe 7 between material-dividing groove 5 and material storage tube 6, the notch of material-dividing groove 5 is connected with horizontal filter screen 8, mechanism of shelling comprises receiving cavity 9 and is arranged on the dish 10 that shells in receiving cavity 9, the inwall of receiving cavity 9 is provided with double wedge 11, the distance of shelling between dish 10 and double wedge 11 is set to 1-2cm, one end of receiving cavity 9 is communicated with feed hopper 3, the other end of receiving cavity 9 is communicated with material-dividing groove 5, aggregate pipe 7 is connected with blower fan 13 by airduct 12, blower fan 13 is arranged in the opposite side of material storage tube 6 in frame 1, the dish 10 that shells is provided with the first belt wheel, motor 2 is provided with the second belt wheel, connected by belt 14 between first belt wheel and the second belt wheel, the below of material storage tube 6 is provided with sub-sieve mechanism, sub-sieve mechanism comprises point sieve plate 15 be obliquely installed and the first feed bin 16 and the second feed bin 17 be positioned at below point sieve plate 15, sieve plate 15 is divided to be provided with the first different sieves 18 and the second sieves 19 of aperture, first feed bin 16 and the second feed bin 17 are arranged on the below of the first sieves 18 and the second sieves 19 respectively, divide on sieve plate 15 and vibrator is installed, the bottom of the first feed bin 16 and the second feed bin 17 all offers material mouth, the rewinding box 20 of different identification is respectively equipped with below the material mouth of the first feed bin 16 and the second feed bin 17.
During use, peanut raw material is entered by the feed hopper 3 at frame 1 top, machine operation, the dish 10 that shells in receiving cavity 9 is driven to rotate, and coordinate the double wedge 11 on receiving cavity 9 inwall, the crushing peanut raw material in receiving cavity 9 gap being carried out to shell is completed with this, kernel after crushing is through the horizontal filter screen 8 of material-dividing groove 5 with its notch place, and enter into material storage tube 6 by aggregate pipe 7, in the process, the blower fan 13 being arranged in the opposite side of material storage tube 6 in frame 1 works, thus the shell slag fallen in aggregate pipe 7 and onal are blown down, thus guarantee that the peanut kernels entering into material storage tube 6 are not containing other impurity, make the impurity without the need to sorting separately in kernel, the distance of shelling between dish 10 and double wedge 11 is set to 1-2cm, when making double wedge 11 cooperating shelled between dish 10 and receiving cavity 9 inwall, can effectively shell, peanut kernels can not be destroyed again, do not hinder kernel, the peanut kernels entering into material storage tube 6 carry out category filter, when peanut flows through point sieve plate 15, classified filtering can be carried out according to different the first sieves 18 in aperture and the second sieves 19, and determined to enter into the first feed bin 16 or the second feed bin 17 by self granular size of shelled peanut, so that centralized recovery, in the process, vibrator drives a point sieve plate 15 to shake, screening can be accelerated, avoid piling up, sieve plate 15 is divided to tilt to install, can according to the size of shelled peanut particle and self gravitation (full grains, a point sieve plate 15 is flowed out downwards after self heavier shelled peanut rolls, and less, the lighter shelled peanut of particle directly vertically flows out a point sieve plate 15), make it entering in the first feed bin 16 or the second feed bin 17 easily and fast.
The shelled peanut of the variable grain size after sub-sieve enters into the rewinding box 20 of different identification through material mouth, be convenient to identify and centralized collection, horizontal filter screen 8 can tentatively filter the peanut shell that in peanut broken shell, volume is larger, can avoid being mixed into impurity in material storage tube 6, the dish 10 that shells is provided with the first belt wheel, motor is provided with the second belt wheel, connected by belt 14 between first belt wheel and the second belt wheel, second belt wheel adopts large belt 14 to take turns, taken turns by large belt 14 and be connected with belt 14, be conducive to driving the high-speed rotation of dish 10 of shelling; Horizontal filter screen 8 is connected on the inwall of material-dividing groove 5, installation, convenient disassembly, also replacing is beneficial to, the bottom of frame 1 is provided with rubber blanket 4, rubber blanket 4 is fixed by alignment pin and frame 1, and the blower fan 13 in frame 1 and motor 2 in the course of the work, can produce larger vibration, rubber blanket 4 can play cushioning effect, reduces the wearing and tearing of its vibration and frame 1.
Above-described is only embodiments of the invention, and in scheme, the general knowledge such as known concrete structure and/or characteristic does not do too much description at this.Should be understood that; for a person skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from structure of the present invention, some distortion and improvement can also be made; these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, and these all can not affect effect of the invention process and practical applicability.The protection domain that this application claims should be as the criterion with the content of its claim, and the detailed description of the invention in description etc. record the content that may be used for explaining claim.

Claims (6)

1. one to cultivate peanut the separating screen device that shells, comprise frame, shell mechanism and motor, it is characterized in that, the top of described frame is provided with feed hopper, material-dividing groove and material storage tube is provided with in described frame, be communicated with by aggregate pipe between described material-dividing groove and material storage tube, described mechanism of shelling comprises receiving cavity and is arranged on the dish that shells in receiving cavity, the inwall of receiving cavity is provided with double wedge, the distance of shelling between dish and double wedge is set to 1-2cm, one end of described receiving cavity is communicated with feed hopper, the other end of receiving cavity is communicated with material-dividing groove, described aggregate pipe is connected with blower fan by airduct, the opposite side of wind turbine layout material storage tube in frame, described shelling between dish and motor is connected by V belt translation, the below of described material storage tube is provided with sub-sieve mechanism, sub-sieve mechanism comprises point sieve plate and the first feed bin be positioned at below point sieve plate and the second feed bin that are obliquely installed, sieve plate is divided to be provided with the first different sieves of aperture and the second sieves, first feed bin and the second feed bin are arranged on the below of the first sieves and the second sieves respectively, divide on sieve plate and vibrator is installed.
2. peanut according to claim 1 shells separating screen device, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described first feed bin and the second feed bin all offers material mouth, is respectively equipped with the rewinding box of different identification below the material mouth of the first feed bin and the second feed bin.
3. peanut according to claim 1 and 2 shells separating screen device, it is characterized in that: the notch of described material-dividing groove is detachably provided with horizontal filter screen.
4. peanut according to claim 3 shells separating screen device, it is characterized in that: described in the dish that shells be provided with the first belt wheel, motor is provided with the second belt wheel, is connected by belt between the first belt wheel and the second belt wheel.
5. peanut according to claim 3 shells separating screen device, it is characterized in that: described horizontal screen card is connected on the inwall of material-dividing groove.
6. peanut according to claim 1 shells separating screen device, and it is characterized in that: the bottom of described frame is provided with rubber blanket, rubber blanket is fixed by alignment pin and frame.
CN201510722367.9A 2015-10-31 2015-10-31 Peanut shelling and screening device Pending CN105286025A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510722367.9A CN105286025A (en) 2015-10-31 2015-10-31 Peanut shelling and screening device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510722367.9A CN105286025A (en) 2015-10-31 2015-10-31 Peanut shelling and screening device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105286025A true CN105286025A (en) 2016-02-03

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510722367.9A Pending CN105286025A (en) 2015-10-31 2015-10-31 Peanut shelling and screening device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105852155A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-08-17 南昌大学 Graded peanut huller
CN106723122A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-31 巫山县天煜奇叶农业开发有限公司 A kind of novel household groundnut sheller
CN107670749A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-02-09 杜鑫 A kind of paddy removing device
CN107736623A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-02-27 安徽有余跨越瓜蒌食品开发有限公司 A kind of Snakegourd Fruit seed automatic sheller
CN111977102A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-11-24 周双庆 Automatic peeling and packaging equipment for peanut kernels

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105852155A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-08-17 南昌大学 Graded peanut huller
CN105852155B (en) * 2016-05-27 2017-11-03 南昌大学 One cultivates peanut classification hulling machine
CN106723122A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-31 巫山县天煜奇叶农业开发有限公司 A kind of novel household groundnut sheller
CN107670749A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-02-09 杜鑫 A kind of paddy removing device
CN107670749B (en) * 2017-11-01 2019-05-10 盐城市必新米业有限公司 A kind of paddy removing device
CN107736623A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-02-27 安徽有余跨越瓜蒌食品开发有限公司 A kind of Snakegourd Fruit seed automatic sheller
CN111977102A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-11-24 周双庆 Automatic peeling and packaging equipment for peanut kernels

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Application publication date: 20160203