CN107087722B - Feed for breeding pigs and breeding method thereof - Google Patents

Feed for breeding pigs and breeding method thereof Download PDF

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CN107087722B
CN107087722B CN201710485606.2A CN201710485606A CN107087722B CN 107087722 B CN107087722 B CN 107087722B CN 201710485606 A CN201710485606 A CN 201710485606A CN 107087722 B CN107087722 B CN 107087722B
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parts
feed
day
breeding
sow
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CN107087722A (en
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任勇
安东亚
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Henan Continent A&h Technology Co ltd
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Henan Continent A&h Technology Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of pig breeding industry, in particular to a breeding pig feed and a breeding method thereof. The breeding pig feed provided by the invention comprises a breeding boar feed, a replacement sow feed, a pregnant sow feed and a lactating sow feed, is scientific and reasonable in raw materials and proportion, can meet the nutritional requirements of different breeding stages of boars and sows, can improve the sperm quality of the breeding boars, shortens the estrus mating period of the boars and sows, shortens the labor of the sows, reduces the constipation of the sows, and improves the number born and piglet weight. The breeding method for breeding the pigs is scientific, reasonable, healthy and efficient, meets the production requirements of the boars and the sows in different breeding stages, and reduces the waste of the feed by reasonably utilizing the components in the feed. Meanwhile, the culture method is beneficial to simplifying the culture process, reducing the culture risk, improving the economic benefit and having wide market prospect.

Description

Feed for breeding pigs and breeding method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of pig breeding industry, in particular to a breeding pig feed and a breeding method thereof.
Background
With the development of the pig industry, pig breeding methods are developing towards scale, intensification and specialization. In the production of pig farms, the healthy and efficient breeding management of the boars and sows in the breeding period is of great importance, so that the high-quality and healthy piglets can be provided, the healthy and rapid growth of the piglets is accelerated, the breeding risk of the breeding pigs can be reduced, the breeding cost of the breeding pigs is reduced, and the economic benefit of pig breeding is improved. The factors influencing the healthy and efficient breeding of breeding pigs are many, and the most important is breeding pig feed and a breeding method of breeding pigs.
Pigs vary greatly in their nutritional requirements at different reproductive stages and therefore require the use of appropriate feed and the feeding of appropriate amounts of feed at different stages. The pig breeding method is also very important for breeding pigs in a breeding period, and not only can be beneficial to the healthy development of the bred pigs, the hybridization rate of boars and sows is improved, the immunity of the sows is enhanced, the production performance of the sows is shortened, the birth rate of piglets and the weight of the piglets are improved, but also the components in the feed are reasonably utilized, the waste of the feed is reduced, and the breeding cost is reduced.
The invention is provided in view of the above.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a breeding pig feed which comprises a breeding boar feed, a replacement gilt feed, a pregnant sow feed and a lactating sow feed, can meet the nutritional requirements of boars and sows in different breeding stages, and can improve the sperm quality of the breeding boars, shorten the oestrus and mating period of the sows, shorten the delivery process of the sows, reduce the constipation of the sows and improve the number of live piglets and the weight of piglets.
The breeding method is scientific, reasonable, healthy and efficient, meets the production requirements of the boars and the sows in different breeding stages, simultaneously has reasonable utilization of components in the feed, reduces the waste of the feed, simplifies the breeding process, reduces the breeding risk and improves the economic benefit of pig breeding.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
a breeding pig feed comprises breeding boar feed, replacement gilt feed, pregnant sow feed and lactating sow feed;
the breeding boar feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55-60 parts of corn and 40-45 parts of breeding boar concentrated feed;
the replacement gilt feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55-60 parts of corn and 40-45 parts of reserved sow concentrated feed;
the pregnant sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55-60 parts of corn and 40-45 parts of concentrated feed for pregnant sows;
the lactating sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55-60 parts of corn and 40-45 parts of concentrated feed for lactating sows.
Further, the breeding boar concentrated feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 550 parts of peeled soybean meal, 50-100 parts of fish meal, 50-100 parts of seaweed meal, 20-50 parts of wood fiber, 50-100 parts of alfalfa powder, 5-10 parts of soybean oil, 5-10 parts of coconut oil, 15-20 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 20-30 parts of stone powder, 10-15 parts of salt and 20-45 parts of additive premix.
Further, the backup sow concentrate comprises the following components in parts by weight: 400 parts of peeled soybean meal, 50-100 parts of fish meal, 30-50 parts of seaweed powder, 50-100 parts of beet pulp, 80-100 parts of expanded linseed, 20-50 parts of wood fiber, 200 parts of alfalfa powder, 5-10 parts of soybean oil, 15-20 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 20-30 parts of stone powder, 10-15 parts of salt and 20-45 parts of additive premix.
Further, the pregnant sow concentrate comprises the following components in parts by weight: 300-350 parts of peeled soybean meal, 50-100 parts of fish meal, 30-50 parts of seaweed powder, 50-100 parts of beet pulp, 80-100 parts of expanded linseed, 20-50 parts of wood fiber, 100-150 parts of alfalfa powder, 10-15 parts of fish oil, 5-10 parts of coconut oil, 15-20 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 20-30 parts of stone powder, 10-15 parts of salt and 20-45 parts of additive premix.
Further, the lactating sow concentrate comprises the following components in parts by weight: 400 parts of peeled soybean meal, 50-100 parts of fish meal, 150 parts of expanded soybean, 30-50 parts of seaweed powder, 20-50 parts of beet pulp, 80-100 parts of expanded linseed, 20-50 parts of wood fiber, 150 parts of alfalfa powder, 10-15 parts of fish oil, 5-10 parts of coconut oil, 15-20 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 20-30 parts of stone powder, 10-15 parts of salt and 20-45 parts of additive premix.
Further, the additive premix comprises the following components in parts by weight: 3-5 parts of compound trace elements, 1-1.5 parts of compound vitamins, 1-1.5 parts of amino acids, 0.5-1.0 part of antioxidant, 0.5-1.0 part of mildew preventive, 1-2 parts of compound lactic acid bacteria and 5-20 parts of carrier.
Furthermore, the composite trace elements are a mixture of at least two of basic copper chloride, ferric sulfate, manganese sulfate, zinc sulfate, sodium selenite and calcium iodate;
the compound vitamin is a mixture of at least two of vitamin A, vitamin D3, vitamin K3, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and folic acid;
the amino acid is one or a mixture of at least two of lysine, methionine and threonine;
the compound lactic acid bacteria are one or a mixture of at least two of lactobacillus plantarum, enterococcus faecalis and enterococcus faecium;
the carrier is zeolite powder, defatted rice bran or rice hull powder.
A breeding boar is fed with a breeding boar feed, a replacement sow feed is fed before a sow is fed to a breeding farm, a pregnant sow feed is fed when the sow is pregnant to 109 days of pregnancy, and a lactating sow feed is fed after the sow is postpartum to the next breeding.
Further, before breeding boars are bred, 2.0-2.5 kg of breeding boar feed is fed every day; during the hybridization, 2.8-3.0 kg of the feed for the breeding boars is fed every day.
Further, when the sows enter the field to 75 kg, feeding replacement gilts with 2.0-2.5 kg of feed every day; feeding replacement gilts with 2.0-2.2 kg of feed every day from 75 kg of sows to two weeks before hybridization; feeding replacement gilts with 2.5-3.5 kg of feed every day two weeks before mating to before mating.
Further, 1.6-1.8 kg of feed is fed to the pregnant sow every day from 1 day to 7 days of pregnancy; feeding 1.8-2.0 kg of feed to the pregnant sow every day from 8 days to 21 days of pregnancy; feeding 2.0-2.5 kg of pregnant sow feed every day from 21 st day to 75 th day of pregnancy; feeding 2.5-3.0 kg of pregnant sow feed every day from 75 th day to 95 th day of pregnancy of the sow; feeding 3.0-3.5 kg of feed to pregnant sows every day from 95 th to 109 th of gestation of the sows.
Further, feeding the lactating sow with 2.0-3.0 kg of feed every day from 109 th day of gestation to before parturition; feeding 0.8-1.2 kg of lactating sows on the day of delivery; feeding 1.2-2.0 kg of feed for lactating sows every day on the 1 st-3 th day after delivery; feeding 4-6 kg of feed for lactating sows every day on the 4 th-9 th day after delivery; feeding the lactating sows with 6-8 kg every day from the 10 th day after delivery to the 1 day before weaning; feeding the lactating sows with 2.5-3.5 kg every day from the next day after weaning to the next mating.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the breeding pig feed provided by the invention comprises a breeding boar feed, a replacement sow feed, a pregnant sow feed and a lactating sow feed, is scientific and reasonable in raw materials and proportion, can meet the nutritional requirements of different breeding stages of boars, can improve the sperm quality of the breeding boars, shortens the estrus mating period of the sows, shortens the delivery process of the sows, reduces the constipation of the sows, and improves the number of live piglets and the weight of piglets.
2. The breeding method for breeding pigs provided by the invention is scientific, reasonable, healthy and efficient, not only meets the production requirements of the boars and the sows in different breeding stages, but also has reasonable utilization of components in the feed, reduces the waste of the feed and improves the economic benefit of breeding the pigs. In addition, the breeding method for breeding pigs can effectively reduce breeding difficulty, reduce breeding risks and improve economic benefits.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the following embodiments, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The invention divides the feed for breeding boars into feed for breeding boars, feed for replacement gilts, feed for pregnant sows and feed for lactating sows according to the nutritional requirements of the boars at different breeding stages.
The functions of the components involved in the feed for breeding pigs provided by the present invention are described below.
Corn, as an energy feed for pig feed, is known as the "energy king" and accounts for the largest proportion in the feed. Although corn has the main function of providing energy, the protein provided by the corn accounts for about 1/4 of the total protein in the feed, and therefore, the corn is also a very high-quality protein resource.
The peeled soybean meal is produced by drying, heating, breaking, winnowing, leaching and other processes, and has higher protein content and amino acid content than the peeled soybean meal. The soybean meal is easy to digest and absorb, can effectively stimulate the proliferation of beneficial bacteria in intestinal tracts, regulates the structure of microecological flora in bodies, and increases the decomposition, synthesis, absorption and utilization of feed nutrients by digestive tracts. The soybean meal contains crude protein up to 30-50%, is one of main protein feeds for animals, is main plant protein in the feed, and has the advantages of high protein content, balanced amino acid and good palatability.
Fish meal is a high-protein feed raw material which is prepared by using one or more fishes as raw materials and carrying out deoiling, dehydration and crushing processing. Fish meal contains high fat and is a high-energy feed. Fish meal is a good source of minerals, has high contents of calcium and phosphorus and proper proportion, and all phosphorus can be utilized. Meanwhile, the feed additive has high digestibility and good palatability, and can improve the feed intake of livestock and poultry and improve the production performance.
The puffed soybean is a feed product of whole soybean after puffing, retains the nutrient components of the soybean, removes the anti-nutritional factors of the soybean, and has strong oil fragrance, high nutritional value and good palatability.
The seaweed powder is prepared by finely processing marine natural seaweed serving as a main material and a small amount of marine microalgae serving as an auxiliary material. The seaweed powder is rich in amino acids and proteins, and also contains seaweed polysaccharide, mannitol, amino acids, proteins, vitamins, and trace elements such as potassium, iron, calcium, phosphorus, iodine, selenium, and cobalt. The seaweed meal is added into the feed, so that the growth and development of piglets can be promoted, and the production performance of the pigs can be improved.
The beet pulp is a byproduct of sugar production, and is the residue after sugar solution is extracted by soaking and squeezing beet tuberous roots and tubers, so that a great amount of water-insoluble substances exist in the residue, and especially crude fibers are completely reserved. The beet pulp is a good succulent feed for livestock, has lactation promoting effect on sow, contains soluble nitrogen-free substances as main ingredients, and has little protein and fat, extremely high calcium content, little phosphorus content, strong palatability and more crude fiber content.
The puffed flaxseed is obtained by puffing and extruding, removes anti-nutritional factors in the flaxseed, has puffed fragrance, is loose in particles, and has good palatability when used as a feed. Flaxseed, also known as linseed, contains mainly oil and proteins, and also contains a certain amount of flaxseed gum and lignans. The linseed gum is also a good dietary fiber, can promote digestion and absorption of pigs, and can prevent and treat intestinal diseases of the pigs.
The wood fiber is organic flocculent fiber substance obtained by chemical treatment and mechanical processing of natural renewable wood. Wood fiber is an insoluble fiber that helps maintain the normal structure and function of the porcine gastrointestinal tract.
Alfalfa meal is powder prepared from tender stems and leaves of Melissitus ruthenicus or Melissitus ruthenicus of Leguminosae. The alfalfa contains a proper amount of crude fiber, can promote the large intestine peristalsis of pigs, improve the carcass quality, help the excretion of excrement and toxin, prevent and treat constipation and intestinal cancer, and improve the reproductive performance of the pigs. After eating, the pig has strong physique and bright hair, and has direct promotion effect on improving the protein content of livestock. The addition of alfalfa meal at an appropriate level in the pig feed can improve the productivity, reproductive performance and carcass quality of pigs.
Soybean oil is mainly composed of 5 kinds of fatty acids such as palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid. Generally, linoleic acid content is highest, accounting for over 50-55% of fatty acid content. Linoleic acid is essential fatty acid required by sows, and soybean oil added into the feed for the sows can improve the reproductive capacity of the sows.
Fish oil is a by-product of fish meal processing, and is obtained by steaming, squeezing and separating fish and its waste. The main components of the fish oil are: triglyceride, phosphoglycerol ether, lipoid, fat-soluble vitamin, protein degradation product, etc. After being absorbed by the pigs, the fish oil is converted into energy for the activity consumption of the pigs, thereby improving the available energy in the feed, reducing part of protein consumed as energy, and achieving the purposes of saving protein, improving the feed energy, reducing the feed cost and promoting the growth and development of the pigs. The fish oil not only provides n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid essential for animals, but also can be used as a carrier of fat-soluble vitamin A, D, carotenoid and the like to promote the absorption and utilization of the vitamin by fat-soluble substances.
The coconut oil contains medium-short chain fatty acid with a high proportion of more than 80 percent, and can remarkably reduce the number of ciliates and methanogens in the rumen of ruminants in the aspect of animal feeding, but has no remarkable influence on the growth of the animals, the total bacteria number, the cellulose decomposition fungi number, the pH value and the number of protozoa in the rumen.
Calcium hydrogen phosphate, stone powder and salt all belong to mineral feeds, provide mineral macroelements necessary for animal growth, and play an indispensable role in animal growth.
Calcium hydrogen phosphate is used as a calcium and phosphorus supplement and is referred to herein as feed grade calcium hydrogen phosphate. The phosphorus-calcium ratio of calcium hydrogen phosphate is the closest to that of animal bone, and the calcium hydrogen phosphate can be completely dissolved in animal gastric acid, and is a good feed mineral additive. Calcium hydrogen phosphate can accelerate the growth and development of pigs and quickly increase weight; can improve the hybridization rate and the survival rate of the pigs.
The stone powder is an animal calcium supplement, the main component is calcium carbonate, and the calcium content is more than 38%. The stone powder is mainly used for bone growth and blood calcium maintenance. The addition of the stone powder can not only improve the quality and the utilization rate of the feed, but also greatly reduce the cost of the raw materials.
The chemical component of the salt is mainly sodium chloride, is an important mineral substance in the feed, and is an essential substance for maintaining life activities. Sodium can maintain acid-base balance of blood and tissue fluid, regulate stability of normal osmotic pressure, stimulate secretion of saliva, and promote appetite of pig. Sodium can promote the synthesis of organic matters such as fat, protein and the like in the metabolic process; can keep digestive juice alkaline in intestinal tract, activate amylase, keep gastric juice acidic, and has antibacterial effect. The lack of salt or insufficient salt content in the feed can cause inappetence, digestive disorder and pica of pigs.
The additive premix is an intermediate compound feed product prepared by uniformly mixing a plurality of trace components (including additives such as various trace elements, vitamins, amino acids and substances with certain special effects) and a carrier according to the required proportion.
It should be noted that the beneficial effects of the feed for breeding pigs at each stage provided by the invention are determined by the specific raw material components and the mixture ratio thereof, and if the components and the mixture ratio thereof are not coordinated with each other, the beneficial effects brought by the single component are probably reduced or even eliminated by other components, so that the feed cannot play a comprehensive role. According to the invention, through a large number of researches and repeated verifications, the optimal combination and proportion of the boar and sow feed at each stage are obtained, so that a plurality of components are integrated and coordinated with each other to generate positive synergistic effect, the finally prepared breeding pig feed is more reasonable in formula, and the nutritional requirements of boars at different breeding stages can be met.
As an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the breeding pig feed includes a breeding boar feed, a replacement gilt feed, a pregnant sow feed and a lactating sow feed;
the breeding boar feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55-60 parts of corn and 40-45 parts of breeding boar concentrated feed;
the replacement gilt feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55-60 parts of corn and 40-45 parts of reserved sow concentrated feed;
the pregnant sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55-60 parts of corn and 40-45 parts of concentrated feed for pregnant sows;
the lactating sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55-60 parts of corn and 40-45 parts of concentrated feed for lactating sows.
As an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the stock boar concentrate comprises the following components in parts by weight: 550 parts of peeled soybean meal, 50-100 parts of fish meal, 50-100 parts of seaweed meal, 20-50 parts of wood fiber, 50-100 parts of alfalfa powder, 5-10 parts of soybean oil, 5-10 parts of coconut oil, 15-20 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 20-30 parts of stone powder, 10-15 parts of salt and 20-45 parts of additive premix.
As an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the backup sow concentrate comprises the following components in parts by weight: 400 parts of peeled soybean meal, 50-100 parts of fish meal, 30-50 parts of seaweed powder, 50-100 parts of beet pulp, 80-100 parts of expanded linseed, 20-50 parts of wood fiber, 200 parts of alfalfa powder, 5-10 parts of soybean oil, 15-20 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 20-30 parts of stone powder, 10-15 parts of salt and 20-45 parts of additive premix.
As an alternative embodiment of the invention, the concentrate for pregnant sows comprises the following components in parts by weight: 300-350 parts of peeled soybean meal, 50-100 parts of fish meal, 30-50 parts of seaweed powder, 50-100 parts of beet pulp, 80-100 parts of expanded linseed, 20-50 parts of wood fiber, 100-150 parts of alfalfa powder, 10-15 parts of fish oil, 5-10 parts of coconut oil, 15-20 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 20-30 parts of stone powder, 10-15 parts of salt and 20-45 parts of additive premix.
As an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the lactating sow concentrate comprises the following components in parts by weight: 400 parts of peeled soybean meal, 50-100 parts of fish meal, 150 parts of expanded soybean, 30-50 parts of seaweed powder, 20-50 parts of beet pulp, 80-100 parts of expanded linseed, 20-50 parts of wood fiber, 150 parts of alfalfa powder, 10-15 parts of fish oil, 5-10 parts of coconut oil, 15-20 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 20-30 parts of stone powder, 10-15 parts of salt and 20-45 parts of additive premix.
As an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the additive premix comprises the following components in parts by weight: 3-5 parts of compound trace elements, 1-1.5 parts of compound vitamins, 1-1.5 parts of amino acids, 0.5-1.0 part of antioxidant, 0.5-1.0 part of mildew preventive, 1-2 parts of compound lactic acid bacteria and 5-20 parts of carrier.
As an optional embodiment of the present invention, the composite trace element is a mixture of at least two of basic copper chloride, iron sulfate, manganese sulfate, zinc sulfate, sodium selenite, and calcium iodate;
the compound vitamin is a mixture of at least two of vitamin A, vitamin D3, vitamin K3, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and folic acid;
the amino acid is one or mixture of at least two of lysine, methionine and threonine;
the compound lactobacillus is one or mixture of at least two of lactobacillus plantarum, enterococcus faecalis and enterococcus faecium;
the carrier is zeolite powder, defatted rice bran or rice hull powder.
In the feed for the breeding boars provided by the invention,
typical but non-limiting parts of corn are 55 parts, 56 parts, 57 parts, 58 parts, 59 parts or 60 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of the boar concentrate are 40, 41, 42, 43, 44 or 45 parts.
In the boar concentrate feed provided by the invention,
typical but non-limiting parts of dehulled soybean meal are 500 parts, 505 parts, 510 parts, 515 parts, 520 parts, 525 parts, 530 parts, 535 parts, 540 parts, 545 parts or 550 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of fish meal are 50 parts, 55 parts, 60 parts, 65 parts, 70 parts, 75 parts, 80 parts, 85 parts, 90 parts, 95 parts or 100 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of seaweed meal are 50 parts, 55 parts, 60 parts, 65 parts, 70 parts, 75 parts, 80 parts, 85 parts, 90 parts, 95 parts or 100 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of wood fiber are 20 parts, 25 parts, 30 parts, 35 parts, 40 parts, 45 parts or 50 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of alfalfa meal are 50 parts, 55 parts, 60 parts, 65 parts, 70 parts, 75 parts, 80 parts, 85 parts, 90 parts, 95 parts, or 100 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of soybean oil are 5 parts, 6 parts, 7 parts, 8 parts, 9 parts or 10 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of coconut oil are 5 parts, 6 parts, 7 parts, 8 parts, 9 parts or 10 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of calcium hydrogen phosphate are 15 parts, 16 parts, 17 parts, 18 parts, 19 parts or 20 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of the stone dust are 20 parts, 21 parts, 22 parts, 23 parts, 24 parts, 25 parts, 26 parts, 27 parts, 28 parts, 29 parts or 30 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of salt are 10 parts, 11 parts, 12 parts, 13 parts, 14 parts or 15 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of the additive premix are 20 parts, 25 parts, 30 parts, 35 parts, 40 parts or 45 parts.
In the replacement gilt feed provided by the invention,
typical but non-limiting parts of corn are 55 parts, 56 parts, 57 parts, 58 parts, 59 parts or 60 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of replacement gilt concentrates are 40 parts, 41 parts, 42 parts, 43 parts, 44 parts or 45 parts.
In the replacement gilt concentrate provided by the invention,
typical but non-limiting parts of dehulled soybean meal are 350 parts, 355 parts, 360 parts, 365 parts, 370 parts, 375 parts, 380 parts, 385 parts, 390 parts or 400 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of fish meal are 50 parts, 55 parts, 60 parts, 65 parts, 70 parts, 75 parts, 80 parts, 85 parts, 90 parts, 95 parts or 100 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of seaweed powder are 30 parts, 31 parts, 32 parts, 33 parts, 34 parts, 35 parts, 36 parts, 37 parts, 38 parts, 39 parts, 40 parts, 41 parts, 42 parts, 43 parts, 44 parts, 45 parts, 46 parts, 47 parts, 48 parts, 49 parts or 50 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of beet pulp are 50 parts, 55 parts, 60 parts, 65 parts, 70 parts, 75 parts, 80 parts, 85 parts, 90 parts, 95 parts or 100 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of expanded flaxseed are 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99 or 100 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of wood fiber are 20 parts, 25 parts, 30 parts, 35 parts, 40 parts, 45 parts or 50 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of alfalfa meal are 150 parts, 155 parts, 160 parts, 165 parts, 170 parts, 175 parts, 180 parts, 185 parts, 190 parts, 195 parts, or 200 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of soybean oil are 5 parts, 6 parts, 7 parts, 8 parts, 9 parts or 10 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of calcium hydrogen phosphate are 15 parts, 16 parts, 17 parts, 18 parts, 19 parts or 20 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of the stone dust are 20 parts, 21 parts, 22 parts, 23 parts, 24 parts, 25 parts, 26 parts, 27 parts, 28 parts, 29 parts or 30 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of salt are 10 parts, 11 parts, 12 parts, 13 parts, 14 parts or 15 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of the additive premix are 20 parts, 25 parts, 30 parts, 35 parts, 40 parts or 45 parts.
In the feed for pregnant sows provided by the present invention,
typical but non-limiting parts of corn are 55 parts, 56 parts, 57 parts, 58 parts, 59 parts or 60 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of the pregnant sow concentrate are 40 parts, 41 parts, 42 parts, 43 parts, 44 parts or 45 parts.
In the concentrate for pregnant sows provided by the invention,
typical but non-limiting parts of the dehulled soybean meal are 300 parts, 305 parts, 310 parts, 315 parts, 320 parts, 325 parts, 330 parts, 340 parts, 345 parts or 350 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of fish meal are 50 parts, 55 parts, 60 parts, 65 parts, 70 parts, 75 parts, 80 parts, 85 parts, 90 parts, 95 parts or 100 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of seaweed powder are 30 parts, 31 parts, 32 parts, 33 parts, 34 parts, 35 parts, 36 parts, 37 parts, 38 parts, 39 parts, 40 parts, 41 parts, 42 parts, 43 parts, 44 parts, 45 parts, 46 parts, 47 parts, 48 parts, 49 parts or 50 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of beet pulp are 50 parts, 55 parts, 60 parts, 65 parts, 70 parts, 75 parts, 80 parts, 85 parts, 90 parts, 95 parts or 100 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of expanded flaxseed are 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99 or 100 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of wood fiber are 20 parts, 25 parts, 30 parts, 35 parts, 40 parts, 45 parts or 50 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of alfalfa meal are 100 parts, 105 parts, 110 parts, 115 parts, 120 parts, 125 parts, 130 parts, 135 parts, 140 parts, 145 parts, or 150 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of fish oil are 10 parts, 11 parts, 12 parts, 13 parts, 14 parts or 15 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of coconut oil are 5 parts, 6 parts, 7 parts, 8 parts, 9 parts or 10 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of calcium hydrogen phosphate are 15 parts, 16 parts, 17 parts, 18 parts, 19 parts or 20 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of the stone dust are 20 parts, 21 parts, 22 parts, 23 parts, 24 parts, 25 parts, 26 parts, 27 parts, 28 parts, 29 parts or 30 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of salt are 10 parts, 11 parts, 12 parts, 13 parts, 14 parts or 15 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of the additive premix are 20 parts, 25 parts, 30 parts, 35 parts, 40 parts or 45 parts.
In the feed for nursing sows provided by the invention,
typical but non-limiting parts for lactation are 55 parts, 56 parts, 57 parts, 58 parts, 59 parts or 60 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of lactating sow concentrates are 40 parts, 41 parts, 42 parts, 43 parts, 44 parts or 45 parts.
In the lactating sow concentrate provided by the invention,
typical but non-limiting parts of dehulled soybean meal are 350 parts, 355 parts, 360 parts, 365 parts, 370 parts, 375 parts, 380 parts, 385 parts, 390 parts, 395 parts or 400 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of fish meal are 50 parts, 55 parts, 60 parts, 65 parts, 70 parts, 75 parts, 80 parts, 85 parts, 90 parts, 95 parts or 100 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of expanded soybeans are 100 parts, 105 parts, 110 parts, 115 parts, 120 parts, 125 parts, 130 parts, 135 parts, 140 parts, 145 parts or 150 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of seaweed powder are 30 parts, 31 parts, 32 parts, 33 parts, 34 parts, 35 parts, 36 parts, 37 parts, 38 parts, 39 parts, 40 parts, 41 parts, 42 parts, 43 parts, 44 parts, 45 parts, 46 parts, 47 parts, 48 parts, 49 parts or 50 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of beet pulp are 20 parts, 25 parts, 30 parts, 35 parts, 40 parts, 45 parts or 50 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of expanded flaxseed are 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99 or 100 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of wood fiber are 20 parts, 25 parts, 30 parts, 35 parts, 40 parts, 45 parts or 50 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of alfalfa meal are 100 parts, 105 parts, 110 parts, 115 parts, 120 parts, 125 parts, 130 parts, 135 parts, 140 parts, 145 parts, or 150 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of fish oil are 10 parts, 11 parts, 12 parts, 13 parts, 14 parts or 15 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of coconut oil are 5 parts, 6 parts, 7 parts, 8 parts, 9 parts or 10 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of calcium hydrogen phosphate are 15 parts, 16 parts, 17 parts, 18 parts, 19 parts or 20 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of the stone dust are 20 parts, 21 parts, 22 parts, 23 parts, 24 parts, 25 parts, 26 parts, 27 parts, 28 parts, 29 parts or 30 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of salt are 10 parts, 11 parts, 12 parts, 13 parts, 14 parts or 15 parts;
typical but non-limiting parts of the additive premix are 20 parts, 25 parts, 30 parts, 35 parts, 40 parts or 45 parts.
The breeding pig feed is adopted and matched with a proper feeding amount, the breeding pig feed is scientific, reasonable, healthy and efficient, the production requirements of the boars and the sows in different breeding stages are met, meanwhile, the components in the feed are reasonably utilized, the waste of the feed is reduced, and the economic benefit of breeding the breeding pigs is improved.
According to the breeding method of the breeding pigs, the breeding boars are fed with the breeding boar feed, the replacement sow feed is fed before the sows enter the field and are bred, the pregnant sow feed is fed when the sows are pregnant and are 109 days pregnant, and the lactating sow feed is fed after the sows are postpartum and are bred next time.
As an optional embodiment of the invention, the breeding boar is fed with 2.0-2.5 kg of the breeding boar feed every day before the breeding boar is bred; during the hybridization, 2.8-3.0 kg of the feed for the breeding boars is fed every day.
As an optional embodiment of the invention, when the sow is fed to 75 kg, the replacement sow feed is fed for 2.0-2.5 kg every day; feeding replacement gilts with 2.0-2.2 kg of feed every day from 75 kg of sows to two weeks before hybridization; feeding replacement gilts with 2.5-3.5 kg of feed every day two weeks before mating to before mating.
As an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the sow is fed with 1.6-1.8 kg of the pregnant sow feed every day from day 1 to day 7 of pregnancy; feeding 1.8-2.0 kg of feed to the pregnant sow every day from 8 days to 21 days of pregnancy; feeding 2.0-2.5 kg of pregnant sow feed every day from 21 st day to 75 th day of pregnancy; feeding 2.5-3.0 kg of pregnant sow feed every day from 75 th day to 95 th day of pregnancy of the sow; feeding 3.0-3.5 kg of feed to pregnant sows every day from 95 th to 109 th of gestation of the sows.
As an alternative embodiment of the invention, the sow is fed with 2.0-3.0 kg of feed every day from the 109 th day of pregnancy to the time of delivery; feeding 0.8-1.2 kg of lactating sows on the day of delivery; feeding 1.2-2.0 kg of feed for lactating sows every day on the 1 st-3 th day after delivery; feeding 4-6 kg of feed for lactating sows every day on the 4 th-9 th day after delivery; feeding the lactating sows with 6-8 kg every day from the 10 th day after delivery to the 1 day before weaning; feeding the lactating sows with 2.5-3.5 kg every day from the next day after weaning to the next mating.
In order that the invention may be better understood, the invention will now be further described with reference to the following examples.
Example 1
The breeding pig feed provided in example 1 includes a breeding boar feed, a replacement gilt feed, a pregnant sow feed and a lactating sow feed; wherein:
the breeding boar feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55 parts of corn and 45 parts of a boar concentrated feed, wherein the boar concentrated feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 520 parts of peeled soybean meal, 80 parts of fish meal, 80 parts of seaweed powder, 35 parts of wood fiber, 80 parts of alfalfa powder, 8 parts of soybean oil, 8 parts of coconut oil, 18 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 25 parts of mountain flour, 12 parts of salt and 35 parts of additive premix;
the replacement gilt feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55 parts of corn and 45 parts of a replacement gilt concentrate, wherein the replacement gilt concentrate comprises the following components in parts by weight: 380 parts of peeled soybean meal, 80 parts of fish meal, 40 parts of seaweed powder, 80 parts of beet pulp, 90 parts of puffed flaxseed, 40 parts of wood fiber, 180 parts of alfalfa powder, 8 parts of soybean oil, 18 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 25 parts of mountain flour, 12 parts of salt and 30 parts of additive premix;
the pregnant sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55 parts of corn and 45 parts of concentrated feed for pregnant sows, wherein the concentrated feed for the pregnant sows comprises the following components in parts by weight: 320 parts of peeled soybean meal, 80 parts of fish meal, 40 parts of seaweed powder, 80 parts of beet pulp, 90 parts of puffed flaxseed, 40 parts of wood fiber, 120 parts of alfalfa powder, 12 parts of fish oil, 8 parts of coconut oil, 18 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 25 parts of stone powder, 12 parts of salt and 35 parts of additive premix;
the lactating sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 60 parts of corn and 40 parts of a lactating sow concentrated feed, wherein the lactating sow concentrated feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 380 parts of peeled soybean meal, 80 parts of fish meal, 120 parts of expanded soybean, 40 parts of seaweed powder, 40 parts of beet pulp, 90 parts of expanded linseed, 40 parts of wood fiber, 120 parts of alfalfa powder, 12 parts of fish oil, 8 parts of coconut oil, 18 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 25 parts of stone powder, 12 parts of salt and 30 parts of additive premix;
the additive premix comprises the following components in parts by weight: 1.5 parts of basic copper chloride, 1 part of ferric sulfate, 0.5 part of manganese sulfate, 0.5 part of zinc sulfate, 0.5 part of sodium selenite, 0.4 part of vitamin A, 30.1 parts of vitamin D, 30.2 parts of vitamin K, 60.1 parts of vitamin B, 120.1 parts of vitamin B, 0.4 part of folic acid, 0.7 part of lysine, 0.4 part of methionine, 0.2 part of threonine, 0.8 part of antioxidant, 0.8 part of mildew preventive, 1 part of lactobacillus plantarum, 0.5 part of enterococcus faecalis and 15 parts of zeolite powder.
The specific culture method comprises the following steps:
2.2 kg of feed is fed to the breeding boars every day before the breeding boars are bred; during the hybridization, 2.9 kg of feed for the breeding boars is fed every day.
When the sow enters the field to 75 kg, feeding replacement gilts with 2.2 kg of feed every day; feeding replacement gilts with 2.1 kg of feed every day from 75 kg of sows to two weeks before hybridization; the replacement gilts are fed with 3.0 kg of feed every day from two weeks before the mating to before the mating.
Feeding 1.7 kilograms of pregnant sow feed every day from 1 st day to 7 th day of pregnancy of the sow; feeding 1.9 kg of feed to the pregnant sow every day from 8 days to 21 days of pregnancy; feeding 2.2 kg of feed to the pregnant sow every day from 21 th to 75 th of pregnancy; feeding 2.8 kg of feed for the pregnant sow every day from 75 days to 95 days of pregnancy; the sows are fed with 3.2 kg of feed every day from 95 th to 109 th day of gestation.
Feeding the lactating sow with 2.0-3.0 kg of feed every day from 109 th day of gestation to before delivery; feeding lactating sows for 1.0 kg on the day of delivery; feeding 1.5 kg of feed for the lactating sow every day on the 1 st to 3 th day after the birth; feeding 5.0 kg of feed for lactating sows every day on the 4 th to 9 th day after delivery; feeding 7.0 kg of nursing sow every day from 10 days after delivery to 1 day before weaning; feeding the lactating sows with 3.0 kg of feed every day from the next day after weaning to the next mating.
Example 2
The breeding pig feed provided in example 2 includes a breeding boar feed, a replacement gilt feed, a pregnant sow feed and a lactating sow feed; wherein:
the breeding boar feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 58 parts of corn and 42 parts of a breeding boar concentrated feed, wherein the breeding boar concentrated feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 500 parts of peeled soybean meal, 100 parts of fish meal, 50 parts of seaweed powder, 20 parts of wood fiber, 100 parts of alfalfa powder, 5 parts of soybean oil, 10 parts of coconut oil, 20 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 20 parts of stone powder, 10 parts of salt and 30 parts of additive premix;
the replacement gilt feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 58 parts of corn and 42 parts of a reserved sow concentrated feed, wherein the reserved sow concentrated feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 350 parts of peeled soybean meal, 100 parts of fish meal, 30 parts of seaweed powder, 100 parts of beet pulp, 80 parts of puffed flaxseed, 20 parts of wood fiber, 150 parts of alfalfa powder, 5 parts of soybean oil, 20 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 20 parts of stone powder, 10 parts of salt and 20 parts of additive premix;
the pregnant sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 56 parts of corn and 44 parts of concentrated feed for pregnant sows, wherein the concentrated feed for the pregnant sows comprises the following components in parts by weight: 350 parts of peeled soybean meal, 50 parts of fish meal, 50 parts of seaweed powder, 50 parts of beet pulp, 100 parts of puffed flaxseed, 50 parts of wood fiber, 100 parts of alfalfa powder, 10 parts of fish oil, 10 parts of coconut oil, 15 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 30 parts of stone powder, 15 parts of salt and 40 parts of additive premix;
the lactating sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 58 parts of corn and 42 parts of a lactating sow concentrate, wherein the lactating sow concentrate comprises the following components in parts by weight: 400 parts of peeled soybean meal, 90 parts of fish meal, 130 parts of expanded soybean, 35 parts of seaweed powder, 35 parts of beet pulp, 85 parts of expanded flaxseed, 35 parts of wood fiber, 125 parts of alfalfa powder, 13 parts of fish oil, 7 parts of coconut oil, 17 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 28 parts of stone powder, 13 parts of salt and 35 parts of additive premix;
the additive premix comprises the following components in parts by weight: 1.2 parts of basic copper chloride, 1.1 parts of ferric sulfate, 0.6 part of manganese sulfate, 0.4 part of zinc sulfate, 0.8 part of sodium selenite, 0.5 part of vitamin A, 30.1 parts of vitamin D, 30.3 parts of vitamin K, 60.1 parts of vitamin B, 120.1 parts of vitamin B, 0.3 part of folic acid, 0.6 part of lysine, 0.4 part of methionine, 0.2 part of threonine, 1.0 part of antioxidant, 0.6 part of mildew preventive, 1.1 part of plant lactic acid bacteria, 0.6 part of enterococcus faecium and 18 parts of zeolite powder.
The cultivation method is the same as that of example 1.
Example 3
The breeding pig feed provided in example 3 includes a breeding boar feed, a replacement gilt feed, a pregnant sow feed and a lactating sow feed; wherein:
the breeding boar feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 60 parts of corn and 40 parts of a boar concentrated feed, wherein the boar concentrated feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 550 parts of peeled soybean meal, 50 parts of fish meal, 100 parts of seaweed powder, 30 parts of wood fiber, 50 parts of alfalfa powder, 10 parts of soybean oil, 5 parts of coconut oil, 15 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 30 parts of mountain flour, 15 parts of salt and 40 parts of additive premix;
the replacement gilt feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 56 parts of corn and a reserved sow concentrate 44, wherein the reserved sow concentrate comprises the following components in parts by weight: 400 parts of peeled soybean meal, 50 parts of fish meal, 50 parts of seaweed powder, 50 parts of beet pulp, 100 parts of puffed flaxseed, 50 parts of wood fiber, 200 parts of alfalfa powder, 10 parts of soybean oil, 15 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 30 parts of mountain flour, 15 parts of salt and 45 parts of additive premix;
the pregnant sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 59 parts of corn and 41 parts of concentrated feed for pregnant sows, wherein the concentrated feed for the pregnant sows comprises the following components in parts by weight: 400 parts of peeled soybean meal, 100 parts of fish meal, 30 parts of seaweed powder, 100 parts of beet pulp, 80 parts of puffed flaxseed, 25 parts of wood fiber, 140 parts of alfalfa powder, 15 parts of fish oil, 5 parts of coconut oil, 20 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 20 parts of stone powder, 10 parts of salt and 25 parts of additive premix;
the lactating sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55 parts of corn and 45 parts of concentrated feed for lactating sows, wherein the concentrated feed for lactating sows comprises the following components in parts by weight: 350 parts of peeled soybean meal, 70 parts of fish meal, 110 parts of expanded soybean, 45 parts of seaweed powder, 45 parts of beet pulp, 95 parts of expanded flaxseed, 45 parts of wood fiber, 135 parts of alfalfa powder, 14 parts of fish oil, 6 parts of coconut oil, 16 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 24 parts of stone powder, 14 parts of salt and 25 parts of additive premix;
the additive premix comprises the following components in parts by weight: 1.8 parts of basic copper chloride, 0.8 part of ferric sulfate, 0.4 part of manganese sulfate, 0.4 part of zinc sulfate, 0.6 part of sodium selenite, 0.5 part of vitamin A, 30.2 parts of vitamin D, 30.1 parts of vitamin K, 10.2 parts of vitamin B, 120.1 parts of vitamin B, 0.2 part of folic acid, 0.6 part of lysine, 0.5 part of methionine, 0.3 part of threonine, 0.7 part of antioxidant, 0.7 part of mildew preventive, 1.2 parts of plant lactic acid bacteria, 0.7 part of enterococcus faecalis and 10 parts of zeolite powder.
The cultivation method is the same as that of example 1.
Examples of effects
The test method comprises the following steps: selecting 40 boars with equivalent constitution, physiological stage and the like and 200 sows with equivalent constitution, physiological stage and the like, randomly dividing the boars into A, B, C groups and D4 groups, wherein each group comprises 10 boars and 50 sows, the breeding pig feed and the breeding method of the group A are carried out according to the example 1, the breeding pig feed of the group B adopts the pig feed in the example 1, but the breeding method is a conventional feeding method, the breeding method of the group C selects the commercial sow feed, but the breeding method is carried out according to the breeding method in the example 1, and the breeding pig feed sold in the market is selected in the group D and the conventional feeding method is adopted. The test period is from the time of breeding boars and sows to the time of next breeding.
The experimental investigation indexes comprise the semen volume of the breeding boar, the sperm motility, the sperm density, the sperm aberration rate, the oestrus mating rate of the sow, the average birth process, the constipation rate of the sow, the interval between weaning and oestrus, the number of live piglets per fetus, the birth weight of piglets, the weaning survival rate of piglets and the weaning weight of piglets.
The experimental investigation indexes of the culture conditions of each group are shown in the table 1.
TABLE 1 Experimental survey index for each group of cultivation conditions
As can be seen from Table 1, the feed and the breeding method for breeding pigs in group A carried out according to example 1 have the male pig semen amount of 281 ml, the sperm motility of 82.6%, the sperm density of 4.26 hundred million/ml, the sperm aberration rate of 4.12% and the oestrus mating rate of 98%, the average production process of 2.1h, the sow constipation rate of 6%, the interval between weaning and oestrus of 5.6 days, the number of live piglets per fetus of 12.8, the piglet birth weight of 1.42 kg, the piglet weaning survival rate of 96% and the piglet weight of 8.45, and the indexes except the sperm aberration rate are all higher than those of group B, group C and group D. Therefore, the breeding pig feed and the breeding method can effectively improve the sperm quality of the breeding boar, improve the immunity of the sow, reduce the constipation of the sow, shorten the birth process and the oestrus time, and simultaneously can increase the number born alive per fetus, the birth weight of the piglet, the weaning survival rate of the piglet and the weaning weight of the piglet. Meanwhile, the breeding pig feed and the breeding method are adopted, so that the breeding process is simplified, the breeding risk is reduced, the economic benefit is improved, and the market prospect is wide.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; while the invention has been described in detail and with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; and the modifications or the substitutions do not make the essence of the corresponding technical solutions depart from the scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. A feed for breeding pigs is characterized by comprising a feed for breeding boars, a feed for replacement gilts, a feed for pregnant sows and a feed for lactating sows;
wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the breeding boar feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55 parts of corn and 45 parts of a boar concentrated feed, wherein the boar concentrated feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 520 parts of peeled soybean meal, 80 parts of fish meal, 80 parts of seaweed powder, 35 parts of wood fiber, 80 parts of alfalfa powder, 8 parts of soybean oil, 8 parts of coconut oil, 18 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 25 parts of mountain flour, 12 parts of salt and 35 parts of additive premix;
the replacement gilt feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55 parts of corn and 45 parts of a replacement gilt concentrate, wherein the replacement gilt concentrate comprises the following components in parts by weight: 380 parts of peeled soybean meal, 80 parts of fish meal, 40 parts of seaweed powder, 80 parts of beet pulp, 90 parts of puffed flaxseed, 40 parts of wood fiber, 180 parts of alfalfa powder, 8 parts of soybean oil, 18 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 25 parts of mountain flour, 12 parts of salt and 30 parts of additive premix;
the pregnant sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55 parts of corn and 45 parts of concentrated feed for pregnant sows, wherein the concentrated feed for the pregnant sows comprises the following components in parts by weight: 320 parts of peeled soybean meal, 80 parts of fish meal, 40 parts of seaweed powder, 80 parts of beet pulp, 90 parts of puffed flaxseed, 40 parts of wood fiber, 120 parts of alfalfa powder, 12 parts of fish oil, 8 parts of coconut oil, 18 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 25 parts of stone powder, 12 parts of salt and 35 parts of additive premix;
the lactating sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 60 parts of corn and 40 parts of a lactating sow concentrated feed, wherein the lactating sow concentrated feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 380 parts of peeled soybean meal, 80 parts of fish meal, 120 parts of expanded soybean, 40 parts of seaweed powder, 40 parts of beet pulp, 90 parts of expanded linseed, 40 parts of wood fiber, 120 parts of alfalfa powder, 12 parts of fish oil, 8 parts of coconut oil, 18 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 25 parts of stone powder, 12 parts of salt and 30 parts of additive premix;
the additive premix comprises the following components in parts by weight: 1.5 parts of basic copper chloride, 1 part of ferric sulfate, 0.5 part of manganese sulfate, 0.5 part of zinc sulfate, 0.5 part of sodium selenite, 0.4 part of vitamin A, 30.1 parts of vitamin D, 30.2 parts of vitamin K, 60.1 parts of vitamin B, 120.1 parts of vitamin B, 0.4 part of folic acid, 0.7 part of lysine, 0.4 part of methionine, 0.2 part of threonine, 0.8 part of antioxidant, 0.8 part of mildew preventive, 1 part of lactobacillus plantarum, 0.5 part of enterococcus faecalis and 15 parts of zeolite powder.
2. A breeding boar breeding method is characterized in that a breeding boar is fed with a breeding boar feed, a replacement sow feed is fed before a sow is fed from a stock station to hybridization, a pregnant sow feed is fed from the gestation time of the sow to 109 days of the pregnancy, and a lactating sow feed is fed from the postpartum time to the next hybridization of the sow;
wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the breeding boar feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55 parts of corn and 45 parts of a boar concentrated feed, wherein the boar concentrated feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 520 parts of peeled soybean meal, 80 parts of fish meal, 80 parts of seaweed powder, 35 parts of wood fiber, 80 parts of alfalfa powder, 8 parts of soybean oil, 8 parts of coconut oil, 18 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 25 parts of mountain flour, 12 parts of salt and 35 parts of additive premix;
the replacement gilt feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55 parts of corn and 45 parts of a replacement gilt concentrate, wherein the replacement gilt concentrate comprises the following components in parts by weight: 380 parts of peeled soybean meal, 80 parts of fish meal, 40 parts of seaweed powder, 80 parts of beet pulp, 90 parts of puffed flaxseed, 40 parts of wood fiber, 180 parts of alfalfa powder, 8 parts of soybean oil, 18 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 25 parts of mountain flour, 12 parts of salt and 30 parts of additive premix;
the pregnant sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 55 parts of corn and 45 parts of concentrated feed for pregnant sows, wherein the concentrated feed for the pregnant sows comprises the following components in parts by weight: 320 parts of peeled soybean meal, 80 parts of fish meal, 40 parts of seaweed powder, 80 parts of beet pulp, 90 parts of puffed flaxseed, 40 parts of wood fiber, 120 parts of alfalfa powder, 12 parts of fish oil, 8 parts of coconut oil, 18 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 25 parts of stone powder, 12 parts of salt and 35 parts of additive premix;
the lactating sow feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 60 parts of corn and 40 parts of a lactating sow concentrated feed, wherein the lactating sow concentrated feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 380 parts of peeled soybean meal, 80 parts of fish meal, 120 parts of expanded soybean, 40 parts of seaweed powder, 40 parts of beet pulp, 90 parts of expanded linseed, 40 parts of wood fiber, 120 parts of alfalfa powder, 12 parts of fish oil, 8 parts of coconut oil, 18 parts of calcium hydrophosphate, 25 parts of stone powder, 12 parts of salt and 30 parts of additive premix;
the additive premix comprises the following components in parts by weight: 1.5 parts of basic copper chloride, 1 part of ferric sulfate, 0.5 part of manganese sulfate, 0.5 part of zinc sulfate, 0.5 part of sodium selenite, 0.4 part of vitamin A, 30.1 parts of vitamin D, 30.2 parts of vitamin K, 60.1 parts of vitamin B, 120.1 parts of vitamin B, 0.4 part of folic acid, 0.7 part of lysine, 0.4 part of methionine, 0.2 part of threonine, 0.8 part of antioxidant, 0.8 part of mildew preventive, 1 part of lactobacillus plantarum, 0.5 part of enterococcus faecalis and 15 parts of zeolite powder.
3. The breeding method of claim 2, wherein the breeding boars are fed 2.0-2.5 kg of feed per day before mating; during the hybridization, 2.8-3.0 kg of the feed for the breeding boars is fed every day.
4. The breeding method of claim 2, wherein the replacement gilt feed is fed 2.0-2.5 kg per day when the sow is fed to 75 kg; feeding replacement gilts with 2.0-2.2 kg of feed every day from 75 kg of sows to two weeks before hybridization; feeding replacement gilts with 2.5-3.5 kg of feed every day two weeks before mating;
feeding 1.6-1.8 kg of pregnant sow feed every day from 1 day to 7 days of pregnancy of the sow; feeding 1.8-2.0 kg of feed to the pregnant sow every day from 8 days to 21 days of pregnancy; feeding 2.0-2.5 kg of pregnant sow feed every day from 21 st day to 75 th day of pregnancy; feeding 2.5-3.0 kg of pregnant sow feed every day from 75 th day to 95 th day of pregnancy of the sow; feeding 3.0-3.5 kg of pregnant sow feed every day from 95 th to 109 th day of sow pregnancy;
feeding the lactating sow with 2.0-3.0 kg of feed every day from 109 th day of gestation to before delivery; feeding 0.8-1.2 kg of lactating sows on the day of delivery; feeding 1.2-2.0 kg of feed for lactating sows every day on the 1 st-3 th day after delivery; feeding 4-6 kg of feed for lactating sows every day on the 4 th-9 th day after delivery; feeding the lactating sows with 6-8 kg every day from the 10 th day after delivery to the 1 day before weaning; feeding the lactating sows with 2.5-3.5 kg every day from the next day after weaning to the next mating.
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