CN107055408A - A kind of big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device - Google Patents

A kind of big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107055408A
CN107055408A CN201710188279.4A CN201710188279A CN107055408A CN 107055408 A CN107055408 A CN 107055408A CN 201710188279 A CN201710188279 A CN 201710188279A CN 107055408 A CN107055408 A CN 107055408A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fork
unit
gear
pellet
big stroke
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710188279.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程卫民
林乃敏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Takura Ai Handing Robot Automation Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Takura Ai Handing Robot Automation Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Takura Ai Handing Robot Automation Co Ltd filed Critical Takura Ai Handing Robot Automation Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710188279.4A priority Critical patent/CN107055408A/en
Publication of CN107055408A publication Critical patent/CN107055408A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F9/00Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes
    • B66F9/06Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes movable, with their loads, on wheels or the like, e.g. fork-lift trucks
    • B66F9/075Constructional features or details
    • B66F9/12Platforms; Forks; Other load supporting or gripping members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F9/00Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes
    • B66F9/06Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes movable, with their loads, on wheels or the like, e.g. fork-lift trucks
    • B66F9/075Constructional features or details
    • B66F9/20Means for actuating or controlling masts, platforms, or forks
    • B66F9/24Electrical devices or systems

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device, it is characterised in that:Including upper fork body unit, middle fork body unit, lower fork body unit and driver element, the lower fork body unit includes a pedestal and several pitch wheel groups, and the driver element is connected by travelling gear with gear train engagement;The middle fork body unit is arranged at the top of the lower fork body unit, and it includes body and be arranged at below body to engage the rack being connected with the gear train;The upper fork body unit is located at the top of the middle fork body unit, it includes landing slab, the outer guide roller below the landing slab is arranged at, the body of the middle fork body unit is provided with groove, and the outer guide roller of the upper fork body unit, which is rolled, to be connected in the groove.The present invention, with travelling gear drive gear set, pitches body and upper fork body synchronizing moving by driver element in drive, change the moving direction of the rotation direction control fork body of gear, realizes and two-way freely transports goods.

Description

A kind of big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of for object transport, the handling device of stacking, more particularly to a kind of big stroke bidirectional pallet fork Device.
Background technology
, it is necessary to which substantial amounts of goods is carried and stacked in modern enterprise production process, especially carry out three-dimensional high The carrying and stacking in frame warehouse.Need to take a kind of mechanical device, the device can be moved on three dimensions and according to Certain order is moved repeatedly, to complete the action such as carrying, heap to cargo unit.The device is commonly referred to as stacking Machine.The topmost funtion part of piler is then pallet fork.The action such as crawl, conveying, placement of cargo unit is completed by pallet fork.
Existing pellet fork device, by this body structure is limited, in the handling process of goods, 1. its transporting capacity is limited, It can not realize that the remote carrying to goods, with stacking, can only carry out the carrying of unidirectional goods, 2. carry stroke with carrying scope Limited, the goods that can not carry out top load is carried.Especially since the imperfection of pallet fork driving or structure, was being carried Cheng Zhong, fork operation is not continuous enough, causes steadily to carry and stack goods, the inefficiency of carrying, in addition can cause by That transports goods falls, and on the one hand there is potential safety hazard, on the other hand can cause the damage of goods.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device, by the improvement to structure, pallet fork fortune is improved The stability sent and flexibility, expand stroke range, are conducive to lifting to carry quality and efficiency.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:A kind of big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device, including upper fork Body unit, middle fork body unit, lower fork body unit and driver element, the lower fork body unit include a pedestal and located at the pedestal Several interior pitch wheel groups, the driver element is connected by travelling gear with gear train engagement;It is described Middle fork body unit is arranged at the top of the lower fork body unit, and it includes body and be arranged at below body to nibble with the gear train Close the rack of connection;The upper fork body unit is located at the top of the middle fork body unit, and it includes landing slab, is arranged at the platform Outer guide roller below plate, the body of the middle fork body unit is provided with groove, the outer guide roller of the upper fork body unit Rolling is connected in the groove;Also include a lazy-tongs, the lazy-tongs include synchronous belt and tensioning apparatus, described same Step belt one end is arranged on the lower fork body unit, and the other end is fixed on the upper fork body unit by the tensioning apparatus On so that the upper fork body unit and the middle fork body unit synchronizing moving.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the body lower surface of the middle fork body unit is arranged with a pair of guiding grooves, it is described under Guide roller in two groups is arranged with fork body unit, the interior guide roller, which is rolled, is connected to the corresponding guiding groove It is interior.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the pedestal of the lower fork body unit is made up of left and right wallboard, centered on the gear train It is arranged symmetrically, the interior guide roller is respectively arranged on left and right wallboard.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the gear train by several large and small gears it is alternate and intermeshing constitute, in described Fork body unit where side be disposed to extend, comprising number of gears determined by transmission stroke.
Further technical scheme is that the little gear and the travelling gear are in the same size, and the canine tooth wheel diameter is big In the little gear, the rack is connected with gear wheel engagement.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the driver element is mainly made up of motor, power transmission shaft and drive gear, the sliding tooth Wheel is connected with travelling gear engagement, and the diameter of the drive gear is more than the travelling gear.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the lazy-tongs include positioned at lower fork body unit both sides left and right synchronous belt and The left and right tensioning apparatus coordinated with synchronous belt, wherein the afterbody of the lower fork body unit is fixed in the end of a synchronous belt Or it is anterior, through the corresponding tensioning apparatus and the deflecting roller being arranged on the middle fork body unit and the upper fork body list Member is fixed;Front portion or the afterbody of the lower fork body unit are fixed in the end of another synchronous belt, through described corresponding described Tight device and the deflecting roller being arranged on the middle fork body unit are fixed with the upper fork body unit.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the landing slab in the upper fork body unit is an article carrying platform, perpendicular provided with both sides below Plate and at least one piece reinforcement transverse slat, several described outer guide rollers are installed on the riser, and the reinforcement transverse slat is across institute Landing slab lower surface is stated, in tapered wing in middle wide both sides.
Because above-mentioned technical proposal is used, the present invention has following advantages compared with prior art:
1. the present invention include under, in, upper fork body unit, by driver element driven by travelling gear in fork body unit in Rack motion, it is middle fork body unit and upper fork body unit between by synchronous belt connect drive, so that it is guaranteed that it is middle fork body unit with The synchronism of upper fork body unit, driver element uses motor as power source, by the steering of controlled motor, so that in controlling, The moving direction of upper fork body unit, realizes way moving, is compared with conventional pallet fork structure, drives more simple with fork body structure Change, small volume, it is easy to control;
2. drive gear band nutating gear in the present invention, and drive gear diameter is more than travelling gear, reduces moment of torsion, protects Protect motor, it is to avoid overburden causes damage to motor;
3. the gear intermeshing that gear train is arranged by several size intervals is constituted, travelling gear engages company with little gear Connect, gear wheel is driven by little gear, more laborsaving for lever principle, at least one gear wheel of synchronization and middle fork Rack engagement connection in body unit, drives rack by gear wheel, on the one hand slows down transmission speed, make rack motion more steady It is fixed, the upper fork body unit for synchronizing motion is steadily carried and stack goods, on the other hand by multiple gear wheels simultaneously Rack motion is carried, uniform force can be made, load is improved, the need for meeting bigger heavy weight goods carrying;
4. the number of gear train middle gear delivers stroke according to pallet fork and determined, the carrying demand of big stroke is met, raising is removed Transport efficiency;
5. in fork body unit body be provided with and be oriented to groove and the groove positioned at outside positioned at inner side, respectively with Pitch the outer guide roller on the interior guide roller and upper fork body unit on body unit and roll and coordinate so that middle fork body unit and upper fork Body unit is more steady in movement, and reduces displacement frictional force, and more laborsaving, movement is more smooth.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 2 is that cuing open for A-A shows schematic diagram in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is that cuing open for B-B shows schematic diagram in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is that cuing open for C-C shows schematic diagram in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is that cuing open for D-D shows schematic diagram in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is that cuing open for E-E shows schematic diagram in Fig. 1.
Wherein:1st, driver element;2nd, lower fork body unit;3rd, middle fork body unit;4th, upper fork body unit;
1.1st, motor;1.2nd, power transmission shaft;1.3rd, drive gear;1.4th, travelling gear;2.1 right wallboards;2.2nd, left wallboard; 2.3rd, gear train;2.4th, synchronous belt;2.5th, tensioning apparatus;2.6th, gear wheel;2.7th, little gear;3.1st, body;3.2nd, rack; 3.3rd, interior leading block;3.4th, deflecting roller;3.5th, it is oriented to groove;4.1st, landing slab;4.2 riser;4.3rd, outer leading block;4.4 Strengthen transverse slat.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiment the invention will be further described:
Embodiment one:Referring to shown in Fig. 1~6, a kind of big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device, including upper fork body unit 4, middle fork body Unit 3, lower fork body unit 2 and driver element 1, the lower fork body unit 2 include a pedestal and some in the pedestal Individual pitch wheel group 2.3, the driver element 1 is connected by travelling gear 1.4 with the gear train 2.3 engagement;Institute The top that middle fork body unit 3 is arranged at the lower fork body unit 2 is stated, it includes body 3.1 and is arranged at the lower section of body 3.1 and institute State the rack 3.2 of the engagement connection of gear train 2.3;The upper fork body unit 4 is located at the top of the middle fork body unit 3, and it includes Landing slab 4.1, is arranged at the outer guide roller 4.3 of the lower section of landing slab 4.1, and the body 3.1 of the middle fork body unit 3 is provided with Groove, the outer guide roller 4.3 of the upper fork body unit 4, which is rolled, to be connected in the groove;Also include a lazy-tongs, this is same Walking mechanism includes synchronous belt 2.4 and tensioning apparatus 2.5, and described one end of synchronous belt 2.4 is arranged at the lower fork body unit 2 On, the other end by the tensioning apparatus 2.5 be fixed on it is described it is upper fork body unit 4 on so that it is described it is upper fork body unit 4 with it is described The middle fork synchronizing moving of body unit 3.
As shown in figure 5, the lower surface of body 3.1 of the middle fork body unit 3 is arranged with a pair of guiding grooves 3.5, it is described Guide roller 3.3 in two groups is arranged with lower fork body unit 2, the interior rolling of guide roller 3.3 is connected to corresponding described It is oriented in groove 3.5.As shown in figure 4, the pedestal of the lower fork body unit 2 is made up of left wallboard 2.2 and right wallboard 2.1, and with It is arranged symmetrically centered on the gear train 2.3, the interior guide roller 3.3 is respectively arranged on left and right wallboard, is easy to middle fork body The movement of unit 3.
As shown in Fig. 2 the driver element 1 is mainly made up of motor 1.1, power transmission shaft 1.2 and drive gear 1.3, it is described Drive gear 1.3 is connected with the travelling gear 1.4 engagement, and the diameter of the drive gear 1.3 is more than the travelling gear 1.4, by the gear of the gear band minor diameter of major diameter, transmission moment of torsion can be reduced, the damage to motor is reduced.The gear train 2.3 by three gear wheels 2.6 and two little gears 2.7 it is alternate and intermeshing connect and compose, the little gear 2.7 with it is described pass Moving gear 1.4 is in the same size, and the diameter of gear wheel 2.6 is more than the little gear 2.7, the rack 3.2 and the gear wheel 2.6 engagement connections.
Big little gear is arranged as asymmetric formula in gear train 2.3, is disposed to extend to the middle fork body unit 3 place side, Development length is that the number of gears included is determined by transmission stroke, the need for being suitable for big stroke carrying, in addition, by little gear 2.7 engage transmission driving force with travelling gear 1.4, and gear wheel 2.6 is driven by little gear 2.7, more laborsaving, and by gear wheel On the one hand 2.6 band carry-over bars 3.2, then slow down gear rotational speed, middle fork body unit 3 and upper fork body unit 4 is moved more steady, separately On the one hand the drive of multiple gear wheels 2.6, stress is more uniformly distributed, and is conducive to improving the load of pallet fork, available for large cargo Carry.
As a shown in Figure 6, the lazy-tongs include positioned at the both sides of lower fork body unit 2 left and right synchronous belt 2.4 and The left and right tensioning apparatus 2.5 coordinated with synchronous belt 2.4, wherein the lower fork body unit 2 is fixed in the end of left synchronous belt Afterbody, through the corresponding tensioning apparatus and the deflecting roller 3.4 and the upper fork that are arranged on the middle fork body unit 3 Body unit 4 is fixed;The front portion of the lower fork body unit 2 is fixed in the end of right synchronous belt, through the corresponding tensioning Device 2.5 and the deflecting roller 3.4 being arranged on the middle fork body unit 3 are fixed with the upper fork body unit 4.Tensioning apparatus 2.5 For adjusting the elastic of synchronous belt 2.4, because the length of synchronous belt 2.4 immobilizes, central fork body unit 3 is in lower fork On body unit 2 move forward and backward when, equivalent to change synchronous belt 2.4 lower fork body unit 2 and it is upper fork body unit 4 distribution ratio Example.Such as, central fork body unit 3 is when moving backward, and the timing belt on lower fork body unit 2 is more and more, and upper fork body unit 4 by It is moved rearwards by pitching body unit 4 in the shortening of synchronous belt 2.4, drive, therefore both synchronous retrogressings.
As shown in Figure 1,5, the landing slab 4.1 in the upper fork body unit 4 is an anti-skidding article carrying platform, below provided with two Side riser 4.2 and at least one piece reinforcement transverse slat 4.4, the outer guide roller 4.3 are installed on riser 4.2, the reinforcement transverse slat 4.4 it is that landing slab 4.1 provides support in tapered wing in middle wide both sides across the lower surface of landing slab 4.1.
In the present embodiment, all gears and tumbler, fork body unit use material for high-strength material, and carry out surface Cure process, can be achieved high intensity, the goods of top load is carried and transport.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device, it is characterised in that:Including upper fork body unit, middle fork body unit, lower fork body unit And driver element, the lower fork body unit include a pedestal and several pitch wheel groups in the pedestal, The driver element is connected by travelling gear with gear train engagement;The middle fork body unit is arranged at the lower fork body list The top of member, it includes body and is arranged at below body to engage the rack being connected with the gear train;The upper fork body unit Positioned at the top of the middle fork body unit, it includes landing slab, is arranged at the outer guide roller below the landing slab, the middle fork The body of body unit is provided with groove, and the outer guide roller of the upper fork body unit, which is rolled, to be connected in the groove;Also include One lazy-tongs, the lazy-tongs include synchronous belt and tensioning apparatus, and described synchronous belt one end is arranged at the lower fork body On unit, the other end by the tensioning apparatus be fixed on it is described it is upper fork body unit on so that it is described it is upper fork body unit with it is described Middle fork body unit synchronizing moving.
2. big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Under the body of the middle fork body unit Surface, which is arranged with a pair of guiding grooves, the lower fork body unit, is arranged with guide roller in two groups, the interior orienting roll Wheel rolling is connected in the corresponding guiding groove.
3. big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The pedestal of the lower fork body unit by Left and right wallboard is constituted, and is arranged symmetrically centered on the gear train, the interior guide roller is respectively arranged on left and right wallboard.
4. big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The gear train by several are big, Little gear it is alternate and intermeshing constitute, to it is described it is middle fork body unit where side be disposed to extend, comprising number of gears by transmitting Stroke is determined.
5. big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The little gear and the driving cog Wheel is in the same size, and the canine tooth wheel diameter is more than the little gear, and the rack is connected with gear wheel engagement.
6. big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The driver element is main by electricity Machine, power transmission shaft and drive gear are constituted, and the drive gear is connected with travelling gear engagement, the diameter of the drive gear More than the travelling gear.
7. big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The lazy-tongs are included under being located at The left and right tensioning apparatus pitched the left and right synchronous belt of body unit both sides and coordinated with synchronous belt, wherein a synchronous belt Afterbody or the front portion of the lower fork body unit are fixed in end, through the corresponding tensioning apparatus and are arranged at the middle fork Deflecting roller on body unit is fixed with the upper fork body unit;The lower fork body unit is fixed in the end of another synchronous belt Anterior or afterbody, through the corresponding tensioning apparatus and the deflecting roller and the upper fork that are arranged on the middle fork body unit Body unit is fixed.
8. big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Platform in the upper fork body unit Plate is an article carrying platform, below one piece of reinforcement transverse slat provided with both sides riser and at least, and several described outer guide rollers are installed In on the riser, the reinforcement transverse slat is across the landing slab lower surface, in tapered wing in middle wide both sides.
CN201710188279.4A 2017-03-27 2017-03-27 A kind of big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device Pending CN107055408A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710188279.4A CN107055408A (en) 2017-03-27 2017-03-27 A kind of big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710188279.4A CN107055408A (en) 2017-03-27 2017-03-27 A kind of big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107055408A true CN107055408A (en) 2017-08-18

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ID=59618176

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710188279.4A Pending CN107055408A (en) 2017-03-27 2017-03-27 A kind of big stroke bidirectional pellet fork device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107055408A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107651563A (en) * 2017-09-15 2018-02-02 中汽昌兴(洛阳)机电设备工程有限公司 Two-way transfer pallet fork and the production line using the transfer pallet fork

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107651563A (en) * 2017-09-15 2018-02-02 中汽昌兴(洛阳)机电设备工程有限公司 Two-way transfer pallet fork and the production line using the transfer pallet fork

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