CN106857104A - Convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism - Google Patents

Convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106857104A
CN106857104A CN201710108713.3A CN201710108713A CN106857104A CN 106857104 A CN106857104 A CN 106857104A CN 201710108713 A CN201710108713 A CN 201710108713A CN 106857104 A CN106857104 A CN 106857104A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
cultivation box
film canopy
installation
water supply
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710108713.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹文柱
Original Assignee
马鞍山绿丰种业有限公司
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Application filed by 马鞍山绿丰种业有限公司 filed Critical 马鞍山绿丰种业有限公司
Priority to CN201710108713.3A priority Critical patent/CN106857104A/en
Publication of CN106857104A publication Critical patent/CN106857104A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/16Dismountable or portable greenhouses ; Greenhouses with sliding roofs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The present invention discloses convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism, including film canopy, cultivation box;The cultivation box is used to planting vegetable, and it is built in the internal cavities of the film canopy;The quantity of the cultivation box is multiple, is set from top to bottom;The two sides of the cultivation box are also respectively fixedly connected with a rotating shaft;The rotating shaft is rotated with the film canopy and is connected;Water spraying mechanism is additionally provided with the film canopy, the water spraying mechanism is located at the top of the cultivation box, is used to water the planting area;The water spraying mechanism includes guider, installation set, shower nozzle;The guider is slidably matched with the installation set, and the shower nozzle is provided with the installation set, and the shower nozzle is connected by flexible pipe with suction pump.The present invention has the technique effect for fully saving plantation land used.

Description

Convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism

Technical field

The present invention relates to agricultural product technical field, more particularly to convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism.

Background technology

Vegetable cultivation technology has passed on thousands of years, and its main planting patterns is also built upon on the basis of arable land.Modern age, With the development of science and technology, by the vinyl house built in materials such as vegetable cultivation outer cover bamboo and wood, steel, having ahead of time or postponing Supply, increases the yield per unit area, and is conducive to defending the effect of natural calamity, and particularly northern area can be light in early spring and late fall Season supplies fresh and tender vegetables.

Traditional plantation arable land is generally plane arable land, and ridge is both opened on arable land, is planted on ridge, the row of opening up between adjacent ridge Tank.At present, in the city that land used is nervous, the mode in traditional plane arable land can undoubtedly occupy substantial amounts of soil.In order to more preferable Planting plants, people start to be planted using cultivation box.By piling up planting soil in cultivation box, by crops such as vegetables Seed is planted in cultivation box, alleviates the nervous problem of plantation land used.

Disclosed a kind of vegetable plantation device of existing cultivation box such as patent application 201310569996.3, is individual layer knot Structure, although this vegetable plantation device is used in the ground such as balcony, roof and can solve certain problems of land utilization.But, if carry out Large-scale production, agricultural base is applied to by the vegetable plantation device of this single layer structure, solution land used that still can not be good Problem.

The cultivation box of ledge structure as shown in Figure 1, reduces the horizontal range between ridge and ridge again, improves space profit With rate, further save the area;But, it is used for opening up rhone, the kind of ledge structure between traditional its ridge of arable land and ridge Plant case and cast out traditional rhone, new problem is brought again in terms of draining;In addition, the width of rhone just compares originally It is narrow, therefore the horizontal range reduced between ridge and ridge can not largely solve problems of land utilization.

In addition, using artificial water application, i.e. staff to bore the plastic greenhouse cultivation technology of prior art its way of supplying water more Enter in vinyl house, hand-held shower is poured.Which, does not only exist that efficiency is low, labour intensive deficiency;And, Due to artificial intervention, it is necessary to set the road for staff's walking in planting base, occupancy tills the land, and wastes plantation Land used.

The content of the invention

The present invention is in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, there is provided a kind of abundant convenient water supply type solid growth for saving plantation land used Mechanism.

The present invention realizes solving above-mentioned technical problem by following technological means:A kind of convenient water supply type solid growth machine Structure, including film canopy, cultivation box;The cultivation box is used to planting vegetable, and it is built in the internal cavities of the film canopy;Institute It is multiple to state the quantity of cultivation box, is set from top to bottom;The two sides of the cultivation box are also respectively fixedly connected with a rotating shaft;Institute Rotating shaft is stated to be connected with film canopy rotation;

Water spraying mechanism is additionally provided with the film canopy, the water spraying mechanism is located at the top of the cultivation box, is used to institute Planting area is stated to be watered;The water spraying mechanism includes guider, installation set, shower nozzle;The guider and the peace Encapsulation is slidably matched, and the shower nozzle is provided with the installation set, and the shower nozzle is connected by flexible pipe with suction pump.

Preferably:The guider includes being arranged on the screw mandrel inside the film canopy;The axial direction of the screw mandrel and institute State the axially in parallel of middle rotating shaft;One end of the screw mandrel is connected with the output shaft of the second motor, the fixing end of second motor It is arranged on an inwall of the film canopy;The other end of the screw mandrel is arranged on another of the film canopy by bearing On inwall, screw thread is ordinatedly arranged with the installation set on the guide rail;

Preferably:The guider includes being arranged on the guide rail inside the film canopy;The axial direction of the guide rail with it is described in Rotating shaft it is axially in parallel;One end of the guide rail is arranged on an inwall of the film canopy, and the other end of the guide rail sets Put on another inwall of the film canopy;The installation set is arranged with the guide rail;In the both sides of the installation set It is provided with pushing mechanism;The pushing mechanism is used to promote the installation set along the axially reciprocating of the guide rail.

Preferably:The film canopy includes frame body;The frame body is in the cube structure of bottom opening, its surrounding And top is provided with multiple fix bars;Gap between fix bar is provided with plastic sheeting.

Preferably:Supporting plate is provided with the inwall of the film canopy, the support is extended in the end of the rotating shaft Plate;The rotating shaft is fastened by fastener with the supporting plate.

Preferably:The fastener includes rotating disk, bolt;The rotating disk interference fit it is set in the rotating shaft periphery; Be provided with multiple tapped through holes on the fastener, the multiple tapped through hole centered on the center of the rotating disk angularly Around in annular shape;The multiple screw-threaded counterbores corresponding with the tapped through hole are provided with the supporting plate;The bolt Threaded shank can screw in successively into the tapped through hole, screw-threaded counterbore;The end of the rotating shaft is provided with rocking bar.

Preferably:One of them described rotating shaft is connected with one end of reduction box, the other end of the reduction box and first electricity Machine is connected.

The advantage of the invention is that:The present invention drives cultivation box to rotate, incline, it is ensured that to be planted in by rotating shaft Vegetables on growing area domain are subject to intensity of illumination consistent as far as possible.The setting of multi-layer planting box so that crops spatially from Upper and lower multi-layer planting, greatly using space is planted, solves the nervous deficiency in plantation soil.Further, since of the invention Cultivation box tiltable, it is to avoid the local planting area that multi-layer planting brings is blocked by upper strata cultivation box and influences intensity of illumination not The problem of foot.The present invention is moved back and forth by installation set on guider, drives shower nozzle to move back and forth, by what is sprayed through shower nozzle Water, agricultural chemicals are poured into the planting area of cultivation box, realize that machine automatization waters, pours the technique effect of medicament.

Further, the present invention drives rotating disk synchronous axial system by by axis of rotation, after the angle of needs is turned to, by spiral shell Bolt is screwed in the screw-threaded counterbore to tapped through hole and with the tapped through hole, realizes the fastening of rotating shaft, prevents axis of rotation, is improved The stability of its position after cultivation box inclination.

Further, rotated by motor and drive the gear assembly in reduction box to rotate, so as to drive axis of rotation, realize machine The technique effect at tool regulation cultivation box angle of inclination.

Further, when cultivation box is inclined, the retractor device of each lowering or hoisting gear, the elongation of part lowering or hoisting gear, portion are adjusted Decilitre falling unit shortens, and coordinates support cultivation box, its position after further improving the stationarity of cultivation box tilting procedure and inclining The stability put.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the cultivation box of prior art ledge structure.

Fig. 2 is structural representation of the invention.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of film canopy in the present invention.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation under vertical view state in the present invention.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation under side-looking state in the present invention.

Fig. 6 is structural representation of the rotating shaft with rocking bar under tightening state in the present invention.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of turntable of the present invention.

Fig. 8 is structural representation of the rotating shaft with the first motor under tightening state in the present invention.

Fig. 9 is structural representation when there is in the present invention water spraying mechanism to be arranged on film canopy.

Figure 10 is the structural representation of the water spraying mechanism with screw mandrel in the present invention.

Figure 11 is the structural representation of the water spraying mechanism with ejecting mechanism in the present invention.

Specific embodiment

To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

As in Figure 3-5, the present invention discloses a kind of convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism, including film canopy, cultivation box.Kind Plant case and be used to planting vegetable, it is built in the internal cavities of film canopy.The plantation of upward protuberance is provided with the top of cultivation box Region 21, the rhone 22 to lower recess.Rhone 22 is looped around the periphery of planting area 21, by the graduation of planting area 21 in orphan Island structure.The inclined face in the two sides of isolated island structure.Rhone 22 is connected with drainpipe 23, and drainpipe 23 extends film Canopy.The quantity of planting area 21 is multiple, preferably 3 ~ 8 ridges, and is parallel to each other.

As shown in Fig. 2 the quantity of cultivation box of the invention is multiple, set from top to bottom.The setting of multi-layer planting box, makes Crops spatially multi-layer planting from top to bottom, greatly using space is planted, solve the nervous deficiency in plantation soil.

Drainpipe of the invention 23, flexible pipe 64 are the plastic flexible pipe with deformability of prior art.Can be day into PA nylon cuts formula bellows etc. open.

As shown in figure 3, film canopy of the invention includes frame body 11.Frame body 11 is in the cube knot of bottom opening Structure, its surrounding and top sides are provided with multiple fix bars 12.Gap between fix bar 12 is provided with plastic sheeting 13. Film canopy specifically covers on the periphery of cultivation box.

As shown in Figure 4,5, the two sides of cultivation box are also respectively fixedly connected with a rotating shaft 24.Rotating shaft 24 is rotated with film canopy Connection.The length direction of planting area of the invention 21 is preferably axially vertical with rotating shaft 24.Because cultivation box of the invention can Incline, it is to avoid the local planting area 21 that multi-layer planting brings is blocked by upper strata cultivation box and influences that intensity of illumination is not enough to ask Topic.

The present invention by planting area 21 that vegetable seeds is planted at the top of cultivation box, after watering, unnecessary water from The inclined side of planting area 21 is flowed into rhone 22 or oozed out into from planting area 21 in rhone 22, then from draining Pipe 23 flows out.The present invention drives cultivation box to rotate, incline, it is ensured that to be planted in the vegetable on planting area 21 by rotating shaft 24 Dish is subject to intensity of illumination consistent as far as possible.

As shown in fig. 3 to 7, in some embodiments:Supporting plate 14, the end of rotating shaft 24 are provided with the inwall of film canopy Extend supporting plate 14 in portion.Rotating shaft 24 is fastened by fastener with supporting plate 14.Fastener includes rotating disk 251, bolt 252.Turn 251 sets of interference fits of disk it is set in the periphery of rotating shaft 24.Multiple tapped through holes are provided with fastener(Do not marked in figure), it is many Individual tapped through hole is centered on the center of rotating disk 251 angularly around in annular shape.It is provided with supporting plate 14 logical with screw thread The corresponding multiple screw-threaded counterbores in hole(Do not marked in figure).The threaded shank of bolt 252 can be screwed in tapped through hole, screw thread successively sinks Kong Zhong.

The present invention rotates the drive synchronous axial system of rotating disk 251 by by rotating shaft 24, after the angle of needs is turned to, by bolt In screw-threaded counterbore of 252 screw-ins to tapped through hole and with the tapped through hole, the fastening of rotating shaft 24 is realized, prevent 24 turns of rotating shaft It is dynamic, improve the stability of its position after cultivation box is inclined.

In some embodiments, the end of rotating shaft 24 is provided with rocking bar 26.The setting of rocking bar 26, is easy to manual rotation's rotating shaft 24。

As shown in figure 8, in some embodiments, one of rotating shaft 24 is connected with one end of reduction box 3, reduction box 3 The other end is connected with the first motor 4.Rotated by motor and drive the gear assembly in reduction box 3 to rotate, so as to drive rotating shaft 24 Rotate, realize the technique effect at mechanical adjustment cultivation box angle of inclination.

As shown in Fig. 2 in some embodiments, flat board 15 is provided with the inwall of film canopy.It is right that flat board 15 is distributed in Answer the lower section of cultivation box.Lowering or hoisting gear 5 is provided with flat board 15, the lift side of lowering or hoisting gear 5 is hinged with the bottom of cultivation box.

When cultivation box is inclined, the retractor device of each lowering or hoisting gear 5 is adjusted, part lowering or hoisting gear 5 extends, part lifts Device 5 shortens, and coordinates support cultivation box, and its position is steady after further improving the stationarity of cultivation box tilting procedure and inclining It is qualitative.

In some embodiments, lowering or hoisting gear of the invention 5 includes oil cylinder, cylinder, one kind of electric pushrod.

The present invention is additionally provided with water spraying mechanism in film canopy, and water spraying mechanism is located at the top of cultivation box, is used to plantation Watered in region 21.

As shown in figure 9, in some embodiments, water spraying mechanism includes guider 61, installation set 62, shower nozzle 63.It is oriented to Device 61 is slidably matched with installation set 62, and shower nozzle 63 is provided with installation set 62, and shower nozzle 63 is connected by flexible pipe 64 with suction pump Connect.

The present invention is moved back and forth by installation set 62 on guider 61, drives shower nozzle 63 to move back and forth, will be through shower nozzle 63 water for spraying, agricultural chemicals are poured into the planting area 21 of cultivation box.

As shown in Figure 10, in some embodiments, film canopy is internally provided with screw mandrel 611.The axial direction of screw mandrel 611 and rotating shaft 24 it is axially in parallel.One end of screw mandrel 611 is connected with the output shaft of the second motor 7, and the fixing end of the second motor 7 is arranged on film On one inwall of canopy.The other end of screw mandrel 611 is arranged on another inwall of film canopy by bearing 9, on guide rail 612 Screw thread is ordinatedly arranged with installation set 62.

The present invention is rotated by the second motor 7 and drives screw mandrel 611 to rotate, and realizes the slip of installation set 62.

As shown in figure 11, in some embodiments, film canopy is internally provided with guide rail 612.The axial direction of guide rail 612 and rotating shaft 24 it is axially in parallel.One end of guide rail 612 is arranged on an inwall of film canopy(Can be specifically fix bar, support bar or Person is on frame body, or other entity parts on film canopy), the other end of guide rail 612 is arranged on the another of film canopy On individual inwall(Can be specifically fix bar, support bar or other entity parts on frame body or on film canopy). Installation set 62 is arranged with guide rail 612.Pushing mechanism 8 is provided with the both sides of installation set 62.Pushing mechanism 8 is used to promote Installation set 62 along guide rail 612 axially reciprocating.

The stretching motion that the present invention passes through pushing mechanism 8, drives installation set 62 to be slided on guide rail 612.

In some embodiments, pushing mechanism 8 includes oil cylinder, cylinder, one kind of electric pushrod.

In some embodiments, pushing mechanism of the invention, each motor, lowering or hoisting gear and controller can form one PLC servo-drive systems, so as to realize the technique effect of Automated condtrol.

In some embodiments, plastic sheeting of the invention includes that anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer, drip disappear within outer successively Mist internal layer;The sticky agent for bonding is provided between the anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer and drip fog dispersal internal layer.

Plastic sheeting preparation method comprises the following steps:

Embodiment 1

A kind of plastic sheeting, the plastic sheeting includes that anti-oxidation and antisepsis are outer, drip fog dispersal internal layer within outer successively, described anti- The clear, viscous agent for bonding is provided between oxidation asepticised outer layer and drip fog dispersal internal layer, described adhesive is water insoluble, and Fusing point is higher than 50 DEG C.

Preparation method comprises the following steps:

The preparation of step one, the anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer, takes 30 parts of polyvinyl chloride, high density polyethylene (HDPE) 20 by weight Part, 10 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 3 parts of PE antioxidants, 1 part of ultra-violet absorber, 1 part of infrared absorbent, 5 parts of softening agent, 10 parts of nanometer glass fiber.The composition of the ultra-violet absorber includes 0.5 part of ortho-nitraniline, toluic acid by weight 0.3 part of resorcinol, 0.2 part of phosphite ester.The composition of the infrared absorbent includes methyl diphenyl disulfide by weight 0.5 part of phenol, 0.3 part, CU0.2 parts of Fe- pyridines.The composition of the softening agent includes 2 parts of pine tar, rosin 1 by weight Part, 1 part of tall oil, 1 part of wood pitch.Polyvinyl chloride, high density polyethylene (HDPE), low density polyethylene (LDPE) are put into agent to go out in machine to be heated to After molten condition, then go out machine addition PE antioxidants, ultra-violet absorber, infrared absorbent, softening agent, nano-glass to agent Fiber, stirs, and going out machine agent finally by agent goes out blowing, cross directional stretch, longitudinal stretching, and the finished product that will be stretched is put into quality Fraction be 10% anticorrosive immersion steep 10 minutes, dry.The thickness of the anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer is 0.5mm.

The preparation of step 2, drip fog dispersal internal layer, takes take 40 parts of polyvinyl chloride, height by weight by weight 15 parts of density polyethylene, 3 parts of drip agent, 3 parts of antifogging agent.Polyvinyl chloride, high density polyethylene (HDPE), drip agent, antifogging agent are put into Agent goes out to be heated to molten condition in machine, stirs, and going out machine agent by agent goes out blowing, cross directional stretch, longitudinal stretching, will stretch The uniform coating quality fraction of finished product internal layer be 5% antifog drop coating covering liquid, dry.The thickness of drip fog dispersal internal layer is 0.5mm。

Step 3, bonding, the anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer that will be prepared, drip fog dispersal internal layer are by adhesive bonding one Rise, finished product takes volume.

The described dose of tail temperature for going out machine is 164 DEG C, and body temperature is 170 DEG C, and head temperature is 164 DEG C.

The high density polyethylene (HDPE) that the present invention is used its density is 0.96g/cm3;Low density polyethylene (LDPE) its density is 0.93 g/cm3

Embodiment 2

A kind of plastic sheeting, the plastic sheeting includes anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer, drip fog dispersal internal layer, outside the anti-oxidation and antisepsis The clear, viscous agent for bonding is provided between layer and drip fog dispersal internal layer, described adhesive is water insoluble, and fusing point is higher than 50 ℃.Preparation method comprises the following steps:

The preparation of step one, the anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer, takes 35 parts of polyvinyl chloride, high density polyethylene (HDPE) 25 by weight Part, 15 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 4 parts of PE antioxidants, 2 parts of ultra-violet absorber, 2 parts of infrared absorbent, softening agent 7.5 Part, 12.5 parts of nanometer glass fiber.The composition of the ultra-violet absorber includes 0.75 part of ortho-nitraniline, first by weight 0.6 part of benzoic acid resorcinol, 0.6 part of phosphite ester.The composition of the infrared absorbent includes methyl by weight 0.75 part of diphenyl disulfide phenol, 0.7 part, CU0.6 parts of Fe- pyridines.The composition of the softening agent includes pine tar 2.5 by weight Part, 2.25 parts of rosin, 1.5 parts of tall oil, 1.5 parts of wood pitch.Polyvinyl chloride, high density polyethylene (HDPE), low density polyethylene (LDPE) are put Enter after agent goes out and be heated to molten condition in machine, then go out machine to agent and add PE antioxidants, ultra-violet absorber, infrared ray absorbing Agent, softening agent, nanometer glass fiber, stir, and going out machine agent finally by agent goes out blowing, cross directional stretch, longitudinal stretching, will draw The finished product stretched is put into the anticorrosive immersion that mass fraction is 10% and steeps 10 minutes, dries.The thickness of the anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer It is 0.75mm.

The preparation of step 2, drip fog dispersal internal layer, takes take 45 parts of polyvinyl chloride, height by weight by weight 17.5 parts of density polyethylene, 4 parts of drip agent, 4 parts of antifogging agent, polyvinyl chloride, high density polyethylene (HDPE), drip agent, antifogging agent are put Enter agent and go out to be heated to molten condition in machine, stir, going out machine agent by agent goes out blowing, cross directional stretch, longitudinal stretching, will stretch The good uniform coating quality fraction of finished product internal layer is 5% antifog drop coating covering liquid, is dried.The thickness of drip fog dispersal internal layer is 0.75mm。

Step 3, bonding, the anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer that will be prepared, drip fog dispersal internal layer are by adhesive bonding one Rise, finished product takes volume.

The described dose of tail temperature for going out machine is 165.5 DEG C, and body temperature is 172 DEG C, and head temperature is 165.5 DEG C.

Embodiment 3

A kind of plastic sheeting, the plastic sheeting includes anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer, drip fog dispersal internal layer, outside the anti-oxidation and antisepsis The clear, viscous agent for bonding is provided between layer and drip fog dispersal internal layer, described adhesive is water insoluble, and fusing point is higher than 50 ℃。

Preparation method comprises the following steps:

The preparation of step one, the anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer, takes 40 parts of polyvinyl chloride, high density polyethylene (HDPE) 30 by weight Part, 20 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 5 parts of PE antioxidants, 3 parts of ultra-violet absorber, 3 parts of infrared absorbent, 10 parts of softening agent, 15 parts of nanometer glass fiber.The composition of the ultra-violet absorber is included between 1 part of ortho-nitraniline, toluic acid by weight 1 part of benzenediol ester, 1 part of phosphite ester.The composition of the infrared absorbent by weight include 1 part of methylbenzene dithiol, 1 part, CU1 parts of Fe- pyridines.The composition of the softening agent by weight include 3 parts of pine tar, 3 parts of rosin, 2 parts of tall oil, 2 parts of wood pitch.Polyvinyl chloride, high density polyethylene (HDPE), low density polyethylene (LDPE) are put into after agent goes out and be heated to molten condition in machine, then Go out machine to agent and add PE antioxidants, ultra-violet absorber, infrared absorbent, softening agent, nanometer glass fiber, stirring is equal It is even, go out machine agent finally by agent and go out blowing, cross directional stretch, longitudinal stretching, it is 10% that the finished product that will be stretched is put into mass fraction Anticorrosive immersion is steeped 10 minutes, is dried.The thickness of the anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer is 1.0mm.

The preparation of step 2, drip fog dispersal internal layer, takes take 50 parts of polyvinyl chloride, height by weight by weight 20 parts of density polyethylene, 5 parts of drip agent, 5 parts of antifogging agent, polyvinyl chloride, high density polyethylene (HDPE), drip agent, antifogging agent are put into Agent goes out to be heated to molten condition in machine, stirs, and going out machine agent by agent goes out blowing, cross directional stretch, longitudinal stretching, will stretch The uniform coating quality fraction of finished product internal layer be 5% antifog drop coating covering liquid, dry.The thickness of drip fog dispersal internal layer is 1.0mm。

Step 3, bonding, the anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer that will be prepared, drip fog dispersal internal layer are by adhesive bonding one Rise, finished product takes volume.

The described dose of tail temperature for going out machine is 167 DEG C, and body temperature is 173 DEG C, and head temperature is 167 DEG C.

Comparative example 1

The plastic sheeting includes drip fog dispersal internal layer, and the width of the plastic sheeting is 0.5mm.Preparation method includes following step Suddenly:

The preparation of the drip fog dispersal internal layer, takes take 40 parts of polyvinyl chloride, high density polyethylene (HDPE) by weight by weight 15 parts, 3 parts of drip agent, 3 parts of antifogging agent, by polyvinyl chloride, high density polyethylene (HDPE), drip agent, antifogging agent be put into agent go out in machine plus Heat stirs to molten condition, and going out machine agent by agent goes out blowing, cross directional stretch, longitudinal stretching, the finished product internal layer that will be stretched Uniform coating quality fraction is 5% antifog drop coating covering liquid, is dried.

The described dose of tail temperature for going out machine is 164 DEG C, and body temperature is 170 DEG C, and head temperature is 164 DEG C.

Comparative example 2

The plastic sheeting includes anti-oxidation and antisepsis layer, and the width of the plastic sheeting is 1.5mm.Preparation method includes following step Suddenly:

The preparation of the anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer, takes 30 parts of polyvinyl chloride, 20 parts of high density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density by weight 10 parts of polyethylene, 3 parts of PE antioxidants, 1 part of ultra-violet absorber, 1 part of infrared absorbent, 5 parts of softening agent, nano-glass are fine 10 parts of dimension.The composition of the ultra-violet absorber includes 0.5 part of ortho-nitraniline, toluic acid resorcinol by weight 0.3 part, 0.2 part of phosphite ester.The composition of the infrared absorbent includes 0.5 part of methylbenzene dithiol, F by weight 0.3 part, CU0.2 parts of e- pyridines.The composition of the softening agent includes 2 parts of pine tar, 1 part of rosin, tall oil 1 by weight Part, 1 part of wood pitch.Polyvinyl chloride, high density polyethylene (HDPE), low density polyethylene (LDPE) are put into agent to go out to be heated to molten condition in machine Afterwards, then go out machine to agent and add PE antioxidants, ultra-violet absorber, infrared absorbent, softening agent, nanometer glass fiber, stir Mix uniform, go out machine agent finally by agent and go out blowing, cross directional stretch, longitudinal stretching, the finished product that will be stretched is put into mass fraction and is 10% anticorrosive immersion is steeped 10 minutes, is dried.The thickness of the anti-oxidation and antisepsis outer layer is 0.5mm.

The described dose of tail temperature for going out machine is 164 DEG C, and body temperature is 170 DEG C, and head temperature is 164 DEG C.

Comparative example 3

The sealed polyethylene plastic of Ming Feng agricultural films Co., Ltd of Shouguang City production, thickness 1mm.

Performance test:

It is coated in the plastic sheeting of specific embodiment and comparative example daily with the sulfuric acid solution that concentration is 5mol/L, is put into identical ring Under border, when plastic sheeting is damaged, corrosion resistance is contrasted by contrasting the number of times smeared;Take length identical vegetable seedling 60 Strain, vegetable seedling is sun plant, is divided into six groups, and above-mentioned six kinds of plastic sheetings are covered on vegetable seedling respectively, other Condition is identical and matters, the average production length for observing vegetable seedling after ten days in the sun is placed, by growth length come right Compare translucency.

Table 1

Smearing number of times/time Growth length/cm Embodiment 1 10 5.5 Embodiment 2 11 5.3 Embodiment 3 13 5.2 Comparative example 1 3 5.4 Comparative example 2 10 5.3 Comparative example 3 3 5.4

As shown in Table 1, plastic sheeting of the present invention compares comparative example corrosion resistance, and translucency prepares simple, low cost, Neng Gouchong The demand of the satisfaction plantation for dividing, with good promotional value.

In sum, convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism of the invention has fully save plantation land used, plant light According to the technique effect of sufficient raising crop final product quality.

It should be noted that herein, if being used merely to one in the presence of first and second or the like relational terms Individual entity or operation make a distinction with another entity or operation, and not necessarily require or imply these entities or operate it Between there is any this actual relation or order.And, term " including ", "comprising" or its any other variant be intended to Cover including for nonexcludability, so that process, method, article or equipment including a series of key elements not only include those Key element, but also other key elements including being not expressly set out, or also include for this process, method, article or set Standby intrinsic key element.In the absence of more restrictions, the key element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that Also there is other identical element in the process including the key element, method, article or equipment.

The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although with reference to the foregoing embodiments The present invention has been described in detail, it will be understood by those within the art that:It still can be to foregoing each implementation Technical scheme described in example is modified, or carries out equivalent to which part technical characteristic;And these modification or Replace, do not make the spirit and scope of the essence disengaging various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme of appropriate technical solution.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism, including film canopy, cultivation box;The cultivation box is used to planting vegetable, its It is built in the internal cavities of the film canopy;It is characterized in that:The quantity of the cultivation box is multiple, is set from top to bottom; The two sides of the cultivation box are also respectively fixedly connected with a rotating shaft;The rotating shaft is rotated with the film canopy and is connected;
Water spraying mechanism is additionally provided with the film canopy, the water spraying mechanism is located at the top of the cultivation box, is used to institute Planting area is stated to be watered;The water spraying mechanism includes guider, installation set, shower nozzle;The guider and the peace Encapsulation is slidably matched, and the shower nozzle is provided with the installation set, and the shower nozzle is connected by flexible pipe with suction pump.
2. convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The guider includes setting Put the screw mandrel inside the film canopy;The axial direction of the screw mandrel is axially in parallel with the middle rotating shaft;One end of the screw mandrel Output shaft with the second motor is connected, and the fixing end of second motor is arranged on an inwall of the film canopy;It is described The other end of screw mandrel is arranged on another inwall of the film canopy by bearing, and screw thread is ordinatedly arranged on the guide rail There is the installation set.
3. convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The guider includes setting Put the guide rail inside the film canopy;The axial direction of the guide rail is axially in parallel with the middle rotating shaft;One end of the guide rail It is arranged on an inwall of the film canopy, the other end of the guide rail is arranged on another inwall of the film canopy; The installation set is arranged with the guide rail;Pushing mechanism is provided with the both sides of the installation set;The pushing mechanism It is used to promote the installation set along the axially reciprocating of the guide rail.
4. convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The film canopy includes framework Body;The frame body is in the cube structure of bottom opening, and its surrounding and top are provided with multiple fix bars;Fix bar Between gap be provided with plastic sheeting.
5. the convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism according to claim 1 ~ 4 Arbitrary Term, it is characterised in that:In the film Supporting plate is provided with the inwall of canopy, the supporting plate is extended in the end of the rotating shaft;The rotating shaft passes through fastener and institute State supporting plate fastening.
6. convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The fastener includes turning Disk, bolt;The rotating disk interference fit it is set in the rotating shaft periphery;Multiple screw threads are provided with the fastener to lead to Hole, the multiple tapped through hole is centered on the center of the rotating disk angularly around in annular shape;Set in the supporting plate It is equipped with the multiple screw-threaded counterbores corresponding with the tapped through hole;The threaded shank of the bolt can screw in logical to the screw thread successively In hole, screw-threaded counterbore;The end of the rotating shaft is provided with rocking bar.
7. convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:One of them described rotating shaft with One end connection of reduction box, the other end of the reduction box and the first motor connection.
CN201710108713.3A 2017-02-27 2017-02-27 Convenient water supply type solid growth mechanism CN106857104A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2391952Y (en) * 1999-10-22 2000-08-16 云南省烟草机械配件公司机械修配厂 Portable and easy to be assembled/disassembled structure tent
CN202085550U (en) * 2011-05-18 2011-12-28 吴哲雄 Multipurpose monorail travelling spraying car for greenhouses
CN103238477A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-08-14 苏州绿点园艺技术有限公司 Cultivation frame
CN205511185U (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-08-31 江西省森旺现代农业生态科技开发有限公司 Solar greenhouse big -arch shelter breeding device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2391952Y (en) * 1999-10-22 2000-08-16 云南省烟草机械配件公司机械修配厂 Portable and easy to be assembled/disassembled structure tent
CN202085550U (en) * 2011-05-18 2011-12-28 吴哲雄 Multipurpose monorail travelling spraying car for greenhouses
CN103238477A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-08-14 苏州绿点园艺技术有限公司 Cultivation frame
CN205511185U (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-08-31 江西省森旺现代农业生态科技开发有限公司 Solar greenhouse big -arch shelter breeding device

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