CN106723115B - Peanut pre-processing device - Google Patents

Peanut pre-processing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106723115B
CN106723115B CN201611228599.XA CN201611228599A CN106723115B CN 106723115 B CN106723115 B CN 106723115B CN 201611228599 A CN201611228599 A CN 201611228599A CN 106723115 B CN106723115 B CN 106723115B
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China
Prior art keywords
peanut
annulus
processing
stopping type
peeling
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CN201611228599.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106723115A (en
Inventor
叶诚尘
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CHONGQING SHUNTAI FOOD Co Ltd
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CHONGQING SHUNTAI FOOD Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611228599.XA priority Critical patent/CN106723115B/en
Publication of CN106723115A publication Critical patent/CN106723115A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts
    • A23N5/002Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts for skinning nut kernels

Abstract

The present invention relates to peanut processing devices, specially one cultivates peanut pre-processing device, including rack, feeder, peeling mechanism and separating mechanism, the feeder, peeling mechanism and separating mechanism are installed in rack, wherein, the feeder includes lubricating substance rail, and the lubricating substance rail is from being fed in discharging direction successively equipped with sizing groove, granulated sugar slot and drying section.The present invention in order to solve the problems, such as peanut rubbing process be easy crumpled into two valves, it is intended that improve peanut processing after integrity degree.

Description

Peanut pre-processing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to peanut processing device, specially one cultivates peanut pre-processing device.
Background technology
The nutritive value of peanut is high, containing a large amount of protein and fat, the very suitable various nutraceutical of manufacture, and such as drunkard Peanut, crispy peanut etc., while it is also the raw material of edible vegetable oil.
After the kind skin of peanut has blood tonification effect, peanut to be cooked or fry, the haemostatic effect of scarlet can greatly weaken.One A little peanuts need to need to remove kind of a skin, such as drunkard's peanut before processing.Kind micromicro, which collects, to sell separately.It is public in the prior art The number of opening is that the shelled peanut of CN103892419B takes off red film device, which is justified using the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone and inflatable plastic cement Ring sloughs shelled peanut kind skin.The program has higher integrity degree after can guarantee peanut decortication using flexible rubbing.
Problem of the existing technology, so exfoliant effect is bad, is needed since the kind skin of peanut is relatively thin and relatively smooth Reduce the distance between the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone and inflatable plastic cement annulus, increase their frictional force between peanut, could incite somebody to action The kind skin of peanut is sloughed.Which results in peanuts to be easy to be crumpled into two valves in the process of rubbing, reduces the integrity degree of peanut.
Invention content
The present invention in order to solve the problems, such as peanut rubbing process be easy crumpled into two valves, it is intended that improve peanut processing Integrity degree afterwards.
The present invention provides base case:Peanut pre-processing device, including rack, feeder, peeling mechanism and separation Mechanism, the feeder, peeling mechanism and separating mechanism are installed in rack, which is characterized in that the feeder includes Lubricating substance rail, the lubricating substance rail is from being fed in discharging direction successively equipped with sizing groove, granulated sugar slot and drying section, the peeling machine Structure includes the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone, rubbing annulus, spring hanger and counterweight ring, the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone connection Dynamic axis, the rubbing annulus are coated at the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone, the rubbing annulus be divided into slave mode annulus with Stopping type annulus, the stopping type annulus are connected to by spring hanger in rack, and the slave mode annulus is fixed on described On line shaft, the counterweight ring is fixed on stopping type annulus, and the separating mechanism includes the discharge bucket for connecting peeling mechanism, takes out Fan housing and collecting box, the draught hood are located at the top of the discharge bucket, and the discharge bucket connects the collecting box.
Lubricating substance rail transports peanut, and peanut is made to roll, and sizing groove makes the surface of peanut seed capsule that there is one layer of slurry, granulated sugar slot to make Peanut seed capsule with slurry is bonded granulated sugar, and drying section makes slurry dry;Line shaft makes the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone rotate, inflation The formula plastic cement frustum of a cone makes peanut rotate with it, and slave mode annulus is rotated together with the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone, inflatable plastic cement circle Frustum cooperation slave mode annulus makes peanut be rotated along with them under package, and stopping type annulus is motionless, the kind skin of rubbing peanut, So that kind of a skin is detached with peanut, spring hanger make stopping type annulus between the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone at a distance from it is adjustable and have bullet Property.The elasticity of stopping type annulus is adjusted in counterweight ring.Peanut is transported to collecting box by discharge bucket, and draught hood will plant skin and peanut point From.
Operation principle:Peanut enters lubricating substance rail, and after sizing groove, peanut surface is stained with some slurries, and peanut passes through sand After sugared slot, there is the part of slurry to be stained with granulated sugar on peanut surface, so increase the friction coefficient of peanut seed capsule, by drying section Afterwards, slurry is evaporated, and what granulated sugar was stablized is bonded in seed coat surface.Then peanut enters the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone and rubbing annulus Between, the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone makes peanut rotate therewith with slave mode annulus package peanut, and during rotation, peanut also exists It falls under the action of gravity and passes through stopping type annulus, the most of of peanut rotates with the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone, and fraction exists The epidermis for being bonded with granulated sugar is rubbed with the hands under the rubbing of stopping type annulus, subsequent peanut skids off peeling mechanism, slides into going out for separating mechanism Hopper, draught hood generate negative pressure from top and siphon away kind of a skin, and peanut slides into collecting box.
Compared with prior art, it is the advantages of this programme:1. lubricating substance rail, which is seed coat surface, is bonded granulated sugar, increase kind of an epidermis The friction coefficient in face makes smooth kind skin be easier to detach with peanut.Granulated sugar and slurry edible, do not influence kind of skin it is subsequent plus Work.
2. peanut detaches in peeling mechanism, most peanut is all wrapped in the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone in decortication Between slave mode annulus, the rubbing of fraction is only carried out by stopping type annulus, peanut is avoided to be twisted into two valves in rubbing.
Scheme two:For the preferred of basic scheme, inflatable chamber is equipped in the slave mode annulus and stopping type annulus.It is beneficial Effect:Slave mode annulus and the aeration quantity in stopping type annulus are adjusted according to actual demand, the elasticity both to adjust, in turn Reach better exfoliant effect.
Scheme three:For the preferred of scheme two, the stopping type ring textures are equipped with elastic bumps.Advantageous effect:Elasticity is convex The friction coefficient for being conducive to increase stopping type ring textures is acted, decortication efficiency is promoted.
Scheme four:For the preferred of scheme three, the sizing groove is interior to be equipped with starching sponge, and fine jade is filled in the starching sponge Fat, honey or syrup.Advantageous effect:Storage device of the starching sponge as slurry, can make by peanut surface be stained with it is few The slurry of amount avoids peanut surface size excessive, and agar, honey or syrup are the sticking slurry of edible band, are stained with The following process of kind of skin will not be influenced after upper peanut seed capsule.
Scheme five:For the preferred of scheme four, the ratio 1 of the width of stopping type annulus and the width of slave mode annulus:3~5, The width of the stopping type annulus is less than 1cm.Advantageous effect:The width of slave mode annulus, which is more than stopping type annulus, makes peanut exist It is most of all under package during decortication, help to ensure that the integrality of peanut, the length of peanut do not exceed generally 3cm, the width of stopping type annulus are less than 1cm and help to ensure that the integrality after peanut decortication.
Scheme six:For the preferred of scheme five, the lubricating substance rail is provided with rolling wind turbine.Advantageous effect:Peanut is by upper Stock tank makes to be easy to stop rolling because of the absorption of slurry, and setting rolls wind turbine and increases the power that peanut rolls in lubricating substance rail.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of peanut pre-processing device embodiment of the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
Below by specific implementation mode, the present invention is described in further detail:
Reference numeral in Figure of description includes:Lubricating substance rail 110, granulated sugar slot 112, drying section 113, fills sizing groove 111 The gas formula plastic cement frustum of a cone 210, spring hanger 220, counterweight ring 230, slave mode annulus 240, stopping type annulus 250, draught hood 310, discharge bucket 320, collecting box 330, rack 400.
Peanut pre-processing device as shown in Figure 1, including rack 400, feeder, peeling mechanism and separating mechanism, into Glassware, peeling mechanism and separating mechanism are installed in rack 400, wherein feeder includes lubricating substance rail 110, lubricating substance rail 110 It is equipped with sizing groove 111, granulated sugar slot 112 and drying section 113 successively from being fed in discharging direction, peeling mechanism includes inflatable The plastic cement frustum of a cone 210, rubbing annulus, spring hanger 220 and counterweight ring 230, the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone 210 are connected with dynamic Power axis, rubbing annulus are coated at the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone 210, and rubbing annulus is divided into slave mode annulus 240 and stopping type annulus 250, stopping type annulus 250 is connected to by spring hanger 220 in rack 400, and slave mode annulus 240 is fixed on line shaft On, counterweight ring 230 is fixed on stopping type annulus 250, and separating mechanism includes discharge bucket 320, the draught hood for connecting peeling mechanism 310 and collecting box 330, draught hood 310 is located at the top of discharge bucket 320, and discharge bucket 320 connects collecting box 330.Slave mode is justified It is equipped with inflatable chamber in ring 240 and stopping type annulus 250.250 surface of stopping type annulus is equipped with elastic bumps.In sizing groove 111 Equipped with starching sponge, agar is filled in starching sponge.The width of stopping type annulus 250 and the width of slave mode annulus 240 Ratio 1:5, the width of stopping type annulus 250 is equal to 1cm.Lubricating substance rail 110 is provided with rolling wind turbine.
Operation principle:Peanut enters lubricating substance rail 110, rolls wind turbine and blows peanut downslide, after sizing groove 111, peanut Surface is stained with some slurries, and after granulated sugar slot 112, there is peanut the part of slurry to be stained with granulated sugar on peanut surface, so increase The friction coefficient of peanut seed capsule, after drying section 113, slurry is evaporated, and what granulated sugar was stablized is bonded in seed coat surface.Then it spends Raw to enter between the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone 210 and rubbing annulus, the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone 210 is wrapped with slave mode annulus 240 Wrapping up in peanut makes peanut rotate therewith, and peanut falls and under gravity by stopping type annulus 250, the majority of peanut It being rotated with the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone 210, the epidermis for being bonded with granulated sugar is rubbed with the hands by fraction under the rubbing of stopping type annulus 250, Kind skin skids off peeling mechanism together with peanut, and into the discharge bucket 320 of separating mechanism, draught hood 310 generates negative pressure from top will Kind skin siphons away, and peanut slides into collecting box 330.

Claims (6)

1. peanut pre-processing device, including rack, feeder, peeling mechanism and separating mechanism, the feeder, peeling mechanism And separating mechanism is installed in rack, which is characterized in that the feeder includes lubricating substance rail, and the lubricating substance rail is from being fed to Sizing groove, granulated sugar slot and drying section are equipped in discharging direction successively, the peeling mechanism includes the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone, rubs It rubs annulus, spring hanger and counterweight ring, the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone with the hands and is connected with line shaft, the rubbing annulus housing In the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone, the rubbing annulus is divided into slave mode annulus and stopping type annulus, the stopping type annulus It is connected in rack by spring hanger, the slave mode annulus is fixed on the line shaft, and the counterweight ring is fixed on On stopping type annulus, the separating mechanism includes discharge bucket, draught hood and the collecting box for connecting peeling mechanism, the draught hood Positioned at the top of the discharge bucket, the discharge bucket connects the collecting box.
2. peanut pre-processing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The slave mode annulus and stopping type annulus Inside it is equipped with inflatable chamber.
3. peanut pre-processing device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The stopping type ring textures are equipped with elasticity Protrusion.
4. peanut pre-processing device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Starching sponge is equipped in the sizing groove, Agar, honey or syrup are filled in the starching sponge.
5. peanut pre-processing device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The width of stopping type annulus is justified with slave mode The ratio 1 of the width of ring:3~5, the width of the stopping type annulus is less than 1cm.
6. peanut pre-processing device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The lubricating substance rail is provided with rolling wind turbine.
CN201611228599.XA 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Peanut pre-processing device Active CN106723115B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611228599.XA CN106723115B (en) 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Peanut pre-processing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611228599.XA CN106723115B (en) 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Peanut pre-processing device

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CN106723115A CN106723115A (en) 2017-05-31
CN106723115B true CN106723115B (en) 2018-10-12

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110897171B (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-12-01 安徽裕民生态农业有限公司 Camellia seed shelling and sorting equipment

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5390589A (en) * 1993-10-01 1995-02-21 Satake Corporation Vertical pearling machines and apparatus for preliminary treatment prior to flour milling using such pearling machines
CN105361212A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-02 黄巧玲 Saving type chestnut frying machine
CN105962257A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-28 贵州天和农业发展有限公司 Mechanical equipment for processing walnut powder

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5390589A (en) * 1993-10-01 1995-02-21 Satake Corporation Vertical pearling machines and apparatus for preliminary treatment prior to flour milling using such pearling machines
CN105361212A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-02 黄巧玲 Saving type chestnut frying machine
CN105962257A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-28 贵州天和农业发展有限公司 Mechanical equipment for processing walnut powder

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