CN106723115A - Peanut pre-processing device - Google Patents

Peanut pre-processing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106723115A
CN106723115A CN201611228599.XA CN201611228599A CN106723115A CN 106723115 A CN106723115 A CN 106723115A CN 201611228599 A CN201611228599 A CN 201611228599A CN 106723115 A CN106723115 A CN 106723115A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
peanut
annulus
processing
stopping type
decortication
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Granted
Application number
CN201611228599.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106723115B (en
Inventor
叶诚尘
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHONGQING SHUNTAI FOOD Co Ltd
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CHONGQING SHUNTAI FOOD Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611228599.XA priority Critical patent/CN106723115B/en
Publication of CN106723115A publication Critical patent/CN106723115A/en
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Publication of CN106723115B publication Critical patent/CN106723115B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts
    • A23N5/002Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts for skinning nut kernels

Abstract

The present invention relates to peanut processing device, specially one cultivates peanut pre-processing device, including frame, feeder, decortication mechanism and separating mechanism, the feeder, decortication mechanism and separating mechanism are installed in frame, wherein, the feeder include lubricating substance rail, the lubricating substance rail from be fed to discharging direction on be sequentially provided with sizing groove, granulated sugar groove and drying section.The present invention is easily crumpled into two valves to solve the problems, such as peanut in the process of rubbing, it is intended that improve the integrity degree after peanut processing.

Description

Peanut pre-processing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to peanut processing device, specially one cultivates peanut pre-processing device.
Background technology
Being of high nutritive value for peanut, containing substantial amounts of protein and fat, suitably manufactures various nutraceutical, such as drunkard very much Peanut, crispy peanut etc., while it is also the raw material of edible vegetable oil.
After the kind skin of peanut has blood tonification effect, peanut to be cooked or fry, the haemostatic effect of scarlet can greatly weaken.One A little peanuts need to remove kind of a skin, such as drunkard's peanut before needing processing.Kind micromicro is collected and sold separately.It is public in the prior art The number of opening takes off red film device for the shelled peanut of CN103892419B, and the patent is justified using the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone and inflatable plastic cement Ring sloughs shelled peanut kind skin.The program has integrity degree higher after can guarantee that peanut decortication using flexible rubbing.
Prior art exist problem, because the kind skin of peanut is relatively thin and relatively smooth, thus exfoliant effect it is not good, it is necessary to Reduce the distance between the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone and inflatable plastic cement annulus, increase their frictional force and between peanut, could incite somebody to action The kind skin of peanut is sloughed.Two valves are easily crumpled into the process of rubbing which results in peanut, the integrity degree of peanut is reduced.
The content of the invention
The present invention is easily crumpled into two valves to solve the problems, such as peanut in the process of rubbing, it is intended that improve peanut processing Integrity degree afterwards.
The present invention provides base case:Peanut pre-processing device, including frame, feeder, decortication mechanism and separation Mechanism, the feeder, decortication mechanism and separating mechanism are installed in frame, it is characterised in that the feeder includes Lubricating substance rail, the lubricating substance rail from be fed to discharging direction on be sequentially provided with sizing groove, granulated sugar groove and drying section, the peeling machine Structure includes the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone, rubs annulus, spring hanger and counterweight ring, the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone connection Dynamic axle, the annulus of rubbing is coated at the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone, the rubbing annulus be divided into slave mode annulus with Stopping type annulus, the stopping type annulus is connected in frame by spring hanger, and the slave mode annulus is fixed on described On line shaft, the counterweight ring is fixed on stopping type annulus, and the separating mechanism includes the discharge bucket of connection decortication mechanism, takes out Fan housing and collecting box, the draught hood are located at the top of the discharge bucket, and the discharge bucket connects the collecting box.
Lubricating substance rail transports peanut, rolls peanut, and sizing groove makes the surface of peanut seed capsule have one layer of slurry, and granulated sugar groove makes Peanut seed capsule bonding granulated sugar with slurry, drying section makes slurry drying;Line shaft rotates the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone, inflation The formula plastic cement frustum of a cone rotates with it peanut, and slave mode annulus is rotated with the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone, inflatable plastic cement circle Frustum cooperation slave mode annulus makes peanut be rotated along with them under parcel, and stopping type annulus is motionless, the kind skin of rubbing peanut, Kind of a skin is set to be separated with peanut, spring hanger makes the distance between stopping type annulus and the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone adjustable and with bullet Property.The elasticity of the adjustable stopping type annulus of counterweight ring.Peanut is transported to collecting box by discharge bucket, and draught hood will plant skin with peanut point From.
Operation principle:Peanut enters lubricating substance rail, by after sizing groove, peanut surface is stained with some slurries, and peanut is by sand After sugared groove, the part that peanut surface has slurry is stained with granulated sugar, so the coefficient of friction of increase peanut seed capsule, by drying section Afterwards, slurry is evaporated, and what granulated sugar was stablized is bonded in seed coat surface.Then peanut into the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone with rub annulus Between, the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone makes peanut concomitant rotation with slave mode annulus parcel peanut, and during rotation, peanut also exists Fall in the presence of gravity and by stopping type annulus, the most of of peanut rotates with the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone, and fraction exists The epidermis that granulated sugar will be bonded with the rubbing of stopping type annulus is rubbed with the hands, and subsequent peanut skids off decortication mechanism, slips into going out for separating mechanism Hopper, draught hood produces negative pressure to siphon away kind of a skin from top, and peanut is slipped into collecting box.
Compared with prior art, the advantage of this programme is:1. lubricating substance rail is that seed coat surface is bonded granulated sugar, increases kind of an epidermis The coefficient of friction in face, makes smooth kind skin be easier to be separated with peanut.Granulated sugar and slurry edible, do not influence kind of skin it is follow-up plus Work.
2. when peanut is separated in the mechanism that peels, most peanut is all wrapped in the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone in decortication Between slave mode annulus, the rubbing of fraction is only carried out by stopping type annulus, it is to avoid peanut is twisted into two valves in rubbing.
Scheme two:Based on scheme it is preferred, be equipped with inflatable chamber in the slave mode annulus and stopping type annulus.It is beneficial Effect:The aeration quantity in slave mode annulus and stopping type annulus is adjusted according to the actual requirements, so that the elasticity of the two is adjusted, and then Reach more preferable exfoliant effect.
Scheme three:Preferred for scheme two, the stopping type ring textures are provided with elastic bumps.Beneficial effect:Elasticity is convex Act the coefficient of friction for being conducive to increasing stopping type ring textures, lifting decortication efficiency.
Scheme four:It is preferred for scheme three, it is provided with the sizing groove and fine jade is filled with starching sponge, the starching sponge Fat, honey or syrup.Beneficial effect:Starching sponge as slurry storage device, can make by peanut surface be stained with few The slurry of amount, it is to avoid peanut surface size is excessive, agar, honey or syrup are edible with sticking slurry, are stained with The following process of kind of skin is not interfered with after upper peanut seed capsule yet.
Scheme five:It is preferred, the ratio 1 of the width of stopping type annulus and the width of slave mode annulus of scheme four:3~5, The width of the stopping type annulus is less than 1cm.Beneficial effect:The width of slave mode annulus makes peanut exist more than stopping type annulus Major part helps to ensure that the integrality of peanut all under parcel during decortication, the length of peanut it is general not over 3cm, the width of stopping type annulus helps to ensure that the integrality after peanut decortication less than 1cm.
Scheme six:Preferred for scheme five, the lubricating substance rail is provided with rolling blower fan.Beneficial effect:Peanut is by upper Stock tank makes easily to stop rolling because of the absorption of slurry, sets and rolls the power that blower fan increase peanut is rolled in lubricating substance rail.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of peanut pre-processing device embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is further detailed explanation:
Reference in Figure of description includes:Lubricating substance rail 110, sizing groove 111, granulated sugar groove 112, drying section 113, inflatable The plastic cement frustum of a cone 210, spring hanger 220, counterweight ring 230, slave mode annulus 240, stopping type annulus 250, draught hood 310, Discharge bucket 320, collecting box 330, frame 400.
Peanut pre-processing device as shown in Figure 1, including frame 400, feeder, decortication mechanism and separating mechanism, enter Glassware, decortication mechanism and separating mechanism are installed in frame 400, wherein, feeder includes lubricating substance rail 110, lubricating substance rail 110 Sizing groove 111, granulated sugar groove 112 and drying section 113 are sequentially provided with discharging direction from being fed to, decortication mechanism includes inflatable The plastic cement frustum of a cone 210, annulus, spring hanger 220 and counterweight ring 230 are rubbed, the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone 210 is connected with dynamic Power axle, rubs annulus and is coated at the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone 210, and rubbing annulus is divided into slave mode annulus 240 and stopping type annulus 250, stopping type annulus 250 is connected in frame 400 by spring hanger 220, and slave mode annulus 240 is fixed on line shaft On, counterweight ring 230 is fixed on stopping type annulus 250, and separating mechanism includes the discharge bucket 320, draught hood of connection decortication mechanism 310 and collecting box 330, draught hood 310 is located at the top of discharge bucket 320, the connection collecting box 330 of discharge bucket 320.Slave mode is justified Inflatable chamber is equipped with ring 240 and stopping type annulus 250.The surface of stopping type annulus 250 is provided with elastic bumps.In sizing groove 111 It is provided with and agar is filled with starching sponge, starching sponge.The width of stopping type annulus 250 and the width of slave mode annulus 240 Ratio 1:5, the width of stopping type annulus 250 is equal to 1cm.Lubricating substance rail 110 is provided with rolling blower fan.
Operation principle:Peanut enters lubricating substance rail 110, rolls blower fan and blows peanut downslide, by after sizing groove 111, peanut Surface is stained with some slurries, and peanut so increases by after granulated sugar groove 112, the part that peanut surface has slurry is stained with granulated sugar The coefficient of friction of peanut seed capsule, by after drying section 113, slurry is evaporated, what granulated sugar was stablized is bonded in seed coat surface.Then spend Raw to enter the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone 210 and rub between annulus, the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone 210 is wrapped with slave mode annulus 240 Wrapping up in peanut makes peanut concomitant rotation, peanut fall under gravity and by stopping type annulus 250, the majority of peanut Rotated with the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone 210, the epidermis that fraction will be bonded with granulated sugar under the rubbing of stopping type annulus 250 is rubbed with the hands, Plant skin and decortication mechanism is skidded off together with peanut, into the discharge bucket 320 of separating mechanism, draught hood 310 will from top generation negative pressure Plant skin to siphon away, peanut is slipped into collecting box 330.

Claims (6)

1. peanut pre-processing device, including frame, feeder, decortication mechanism and separating mechanism, the feeder, decortication mechanism And separating mechanism is installed in frame, it is characterised in that the feeder includes lubricating substance rail, the lubricating substance rail is from being fed to Sizing groove, granulated sugar groove and drying section are sequentially provided with discharging direction, the decortication mechanism includes the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone, rubs Rub annulus, spring hanger and counterweight ring with the hands, the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone is connected with line shaft, described to rub annulus overcoat In the inflatable plastic cement frustum of a cone, the rubbing annulus is divided into slave mode annulus and stopping type annulus, the stopping type annulus It is connected in frame by spring hanger, the slave mode annulus is fixed on the line shaft, and the counterweight ring is fixed on On stopping type annulus, the separating mechanism includes discharge bucket, draught hood and the collecting box of connection decortication mechanism, the draught hood Positioned at the top of the discharge bucket, the discharge bucket connects the collecting box.
2. peanut pre-processing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The slave mode annulus and stopping type annulus Inside it is equipped with inflatable chamber.
3. peanut pre-processing device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The stopping type ring textures are provided with elasticity It is raised.
4. peanut pre-processing device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Starching sponge is provided with the sizing groove, Agar, honey or syrup are filled with the starching sponge.
5. peanut pre-processing device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The width of stopping type annulus is justified with slave mode The ratio 1 of the width of ring:3~5, the width of the stopping type annulus is less than 1cm.
6. peanut pre-processing device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The lubricating substance rail is provided with rolling blower fan.
CN201611228599.XA 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Peanut pre-processing device Active CN106723115B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611228599.XA CN106723115B (en) 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Peanut pre-processing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611228599.XA CN106723115B (en) 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Peanut pre-processing device

Publications (2)

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CN106723115A true CN106723115A (en) 2017-05-31
CN106723115B CN106723115B (en) 2018-10-12

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110897171A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-03-24 安徽裕民生态农业有限公司 Camellia seed shelling and sorting equipment

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5390589A (en) * 1993-10-01 1995-02-21 Satake Corporation Vertical pearling machines and apparatus for preliminary treatment prior to flour milling using such pearling machines
CN105361212A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-02 黄巧玲 Saving type chestnut frying machine
CN105962257A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-28 贵州天和农业发展有限公司 Mechanical equipment for processing walnut powder

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5390589A (en) * 1993-10-01 1995-02-21 Satake Corporation Vertical pearling machines and apparatus for preliminary treatment prior to flour milling using such pearling machines
CN105361212A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-02 黄巧玲 Saving type chestnut frying machine
CN105962257A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-28 贵州天和农业发展有限公司 Mechanical equipment for processing walnut powder

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110897171A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-03-24 安徽裕民生态农业有限公司 Camellia seed shelling and sorting equipment

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