CN103599820B - The raw hulling device of a kind of tartary buckwheat whole seed - Google Patents

The raw hulling device of a kind of tartary buckwheat whole seed Download PDF

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CN103599820B
CN103599820B CN201310125262.6A CN201310125262A CN103599820B CN 103599820 B CN103599820 B CN 103599820B CN 201310125262 A CN201310125262 A CN 201310125262A CN 103599820 B CN103599820 B CN 103599820B
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shells
seed
shelling
hulling
core
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CN103599820A (en
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王敏
李建文
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XI'AN HUBIAO LOCAL PRODUCTS TEA FRUIT FOOD Co Ltd
Northwest A&F University
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XI'AN HUBIAO LOCAL PRODUCTS TEA FRUIT FOOD Co Ltd
Northwest A&F University
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Abstract

The invention discloses the raw hulling device of a kind of tartary buckwheat whole seed, comprise feed hopper, abrasive material inner sleeve, grinding rotor, grinding cylinder, shelling room, screen cloth, the inner core that shells, duck wheat discharge gate, seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici aggregate bin, motor and frame, main shaft, described grinding rotor is distributed with the bar-shaped roll flute of helical blade and helical arrangement, the surface of described helical blade is frosted, and the density of frosted from left to right increases successively; The surrounding of the described inner core that shells is furnished with moving tooth, and described shelling chamber interior is provided with the urceolus that shells of band moving tooth; The described urceolus that shells is provided with some through holes; The moving tooth of the described inner core that shells and the moving tooth position of the urceolus that shells misplace mutually.With device debitterize buckwheat seed skin of the present invention without the need to through hot-working slaking, seed is relied on progressively to reduce the parcel power of shell to benevolence with repeatedly fully contacting of grinding parts, again by rubbing, stripping effect completes shelling, rate of perfect kernel is high, husking yield is high, shelling is complete and shelled buckwheat trophic function composition is not damaged.

Description

The raw hulling device of a kind of tartary buckwheat whole seed
Technical field
The invention belongs to Cereals Processing Machines technical field, relate to a kind of hulling device, particularly the raw hulling device of a kind of tartary buckwheat whole seed.
Background technology
Buckwheat is dicotyledon order buckwheat plant, is the traditional dietotherapeutic cereal crops of China.To touch upon in Compendium of Material Medica the sexual bitter of buckwheat, flat, cold, the effect of useful strength, continuous spirit, sharp knowledge, the wide intestines stomach invigorating of sending down abnormally ascending.Modern medicine study also proves that buckwheat has hypoglycemic, reducing blood lipid, antitumor, hemangiectasis, keep the pliability that blood vessel is good, improve cardiovascular and cerebrovascular circulation, the multiple pharmacologically actives such as Improving memory power, epidemiological study find with buckwheat be buckwheat producing region crowd's blood sugar of staple food, blood fat, blood pressure level lower than non-buckwheat producing region, prove that long-term edible buckwheat has certain prevention and adjuvant treatment effect to cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes.The more important thing is, compared with large cereal crops such as rice, wheat, it belongs to polygonaceae plant and is different from common cereal section crop, and buckwheat is rich in multiple plant chemical ingredients human body being had to health care such as Flavonoid substances, chiro-inositol, phytosterol.Especially duck wheat, its rutin content occupies second in known plant, is 9-300 times of the sweet buckwheat rutin content of another cultigen existing.Rutin can improve the permeability of capillary, safeguards microcirculation, is commonly used for haemorrhage and hypertensive ancillary drug that treatment capillary sex change causes.Also containing the natural organic selenium that other cereal crops lack in duck wheat, it can be formed in human body " metal-selenium-albumen composition ", contributes to the toxic element mediated in human body, conditioner body immunity function.Because duck wheat shows significant effect in anticancer, hypotensive, hypoglycemic and prevention of obesity disease etc., take duck wheat as the favor that the food of raw material is more and more subject to consumer.
Duck wheat seed presents triangular pyramid, the conical surface has darker groove, and three ribs distribute chlamydate physiology line, and duck wheat shell is divided into three.Duck wheat shell toughness is very strong, and seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici is then frangible, and the two is close to, and gap is very little.The production of seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici is the edible important processing link of duck wheat, and seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici can be widely used in the processing of duck wheat rice, duck wheat congee, tartary-backwheat tea.And the requirement of the production of seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici to rate of perfect kernel and husking yield is very high, be thus the key factor of its processing of restriction to the technology and equipment of Fagopyrum tataricum hulling.Existing Fagopyrum tataricum hulling technology mainly adopts and steams, stir-fries, after the method for the heating such as microwave carries out slaking to duck wheat seed, then enters hulling machine shelling.As disclosed patent: the production method of CN101745441A Fagopyrum tataricum hulling method, CN101449852A Fagopyrum tataricum hulling and seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici shell separation processing technique, CN1729843A method for producing buckwheat rice, the production method of a CN1875753B whole grain curing of bitter buckwheat, the semi-curing duck wheat rice of CN1911085A mono-kind.But heat treatment can destroy some nutrients in duck wheat, and can reduce to conspicuousness content and the antioxidation activity of Flavonoid substances in shelled buckwheat.Further, hot-working exuviating technology often relates to the immersion operation before heating, also can cause the loss of water-soluble nutrient substance.In addition, these are comparatively complicated to the method flow of Fagopyrum tataricum hulling, need to consume a large amount of manpower, the energy, water etc., add processing cost.
The effects such as the current parts such as buckwheat sheller many employings emery disc, cylinder carry out grinding to buckwheat seed, stranding is torn, rub make buckwheat separation of hull from kernel.As emery disc formula rice huller paddy buckwheat shellers such as CN1986062A micro regulating buckwheat sheller, CN2440572Y buckwheat sheller, CN201969578U buckwheat shellers; CN101396673A buckwheat sheller (drum-type hulling machine).But these equipment to shell Be very effective to sweet cherry roots, because bitter buckwheat has darker groove on the conical surface of triangular pyramid, make duck wheat bear larger extruding force in the process of above-mentioned hulling device process, cause shelling efficiency to decline, and seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici particle is many, damage ratio is high.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned problems of the prior art with not enough, order of the present invention be to provide a kind of rate of perfect kernel and husking yield high, shelled buckwheat damage ratio is low, shelling completely, without the need to carrying out the raw hulling device of complicated heat treatment tartary buckwheat whole seed.
Realizing foregoing invention object technical scheme is the raw hulling device of a kind of tartary buckwheat whole seed, comprise feed hopper, abrasive material inner sleeve, grinding rotor, grinding cylinder, shelling, screen cloth, the inner core that shells, duck wheat discharge gate, seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici aggregate bin, motor and frame, main shaft, described main shaft is arranged in frame by bearing, it is following that described motor is arranged on frame, is connected with belt pulley by belt with main shaft; Described feed hopper is arranged on the upper left side of grinding cylinder; Described grinding cylinder inner wall is fixed with abrasive material inner sleeve, and its right-hand member is furnished with shelling room; Described shelling room and grinding cylinder interior lead directly to; Described grinding rotor and shell inner tube installation on same main shaft, described shelling indoor are circumferentially provided with screen cloth; The micronic dust outlet at the top of described shelling room is led to through micronic dust exit butterfly valve and air separation tube;
The right side, bottom of described shelling room is arranged particle outlet, on the right side sieve of shelling room, be provided with duck wheat discharge gate; The below of described particle outlet arranges seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici aggregate bin, and it is characterized in that, described grinding rotor is distributed with the bar-shaped roll flute of helical blade and helical arrangement, the surface of described helical blade is frosted, and the density of frosted from left to right increases successively; The surrounding of the described inner core that shells is furnished with moving tooth, and described shelling chamber interior is provided with the urceolus that shells of band moving tooth; The described urceolus that shells is provided with some through holes; The moving tooth of the described inner core that shells and the moving tooth position of the urceolus that shells misplace mutually.
Described feeding funnel bottom part arranges flow-control door.
The left end diameter of described shelling room is greater than the diameter of grinding cylinder.
The right-hand member diameter of described shelling room is more bigger than its left end.
The diameter of described grinding rotor is less than the diameter of the inner core that shells.
The described urceolus the right and left that shells is 5 ~ 10mm with the distance of shelling room sidewall.
The described urceolus that shells is 5 ~ 10mm with inner core distance of shelling.
The diameter of described through hole is 4 ~ 7mm.
The length that the surrounding of the described inner core that shells is furnished with moving tooth is 3 ~ 5mm.
Length 3 ~ the 5mm of the described moving tooth shelled on urceolus.
The moving tooth of the described inner core that shells and the moving tooth position of the urceolus that shells misplace mutually.
The operation principle of the raw hulling device of a kind of tartary buckwheat whole seed of the present invention:
Take turns drive main axis by motor by belt and skin, main shaft drives grinding rotor mounted thereto and the inner core that shells rotates.During work, duck wheat seed enters grinding rotor by feed hopper, is completed by grinding rotor, roll flute and helical blade three positions the grinding of seed and rubbing.Helical blade surface has abrasive material, under being engaged in less compression, grinds off the corner angle of seed and the shell at vertex of a cone place with roll flute, reduces the conjugation between three, seed shell.In addition, the density of helical blade surface frosted increases, to adapt to the difference of different cultivars buckwheat shell thin and thick to the direction of shelling room successively from feed hopper.By the effect of the less power of rubbing between seed and between seed and part of appliance, most of duck wheat seed three shells are peeled off from seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici.Meanwhile, roll flute is arranged by spiral along major axes orientation, produces progradation, prevent material blocking in a device together with helical blade to seed.The shelling completely of duck wheat and separation of hull from kernel complete in shelling room.The inner core that shells is driven by main shaft and rotates, and then drives material movement, and and component contact.The urceolus that shells is furnished with rubber moving tooth with the surrounding of the inner core that shells, and effectively can separate the shell remaining in seed surface and groove place, duck wheat be reached and shells completely.Further, the spacing of shell urceolus and the inner core that shells is a bit larger tham buckwheat seed, and while making seed fully contact with rubber moving tooth, the obstruction that can not cause because inlet amount is large again, suitable large-scale shelled buckwheat is produced.Shelled buckwheat completely after shelling falls downwards screen cloth by through hole, and screenings is the mixture of a small amount of broken Renhe shell.Overwhelming majority shell enters air separation tube with air-flow and discharges.
The raw hulling device of tartary buckwheat whole seed of the present invention utilizes the principle of mechanical grinding, under less compression, adopt grinding parts to carry out grinding to duck wheat seed, the shell grinding at the corner angle of seed and vertex of a cone place gone, the conjugation between three of seed shell reduces.
The raw hulling device of tartary buckwheat whole seed of the present invention utilizes kneading action slight between part of appliance and duck wheat seed, and make duck wheat three outer casing ruptures, part realizes the stripping between duck wheat shell benevolence.Groove position buckwheat shell is peeled off: for the buckwheat shell of the duck wheat seed unstripped buckwheat shell in surface and groove site residues, the effect utilizing flexible stronger rubber to pull out between tooth and seed is peeled off.Utilize the screen cloth that the aperture in equipment is suitable, will crack rice from complete shelled buckwheat and remove, between recycling buckwheat shell and shelled buckwheat, the difference of air dynamic behaviour, realizes separation of hull from kernel by the method for selection by winnowing.
Cold for duck wheat shelling operation is based upon on the hulling method of grinding-kneader type by the raw hulling device of tartary buckwheat whole seed of the present invention, rely on seed and grinding and the shell repeatedly fully contacting corner angle and the vertex of a cone place progressively grinding off seed rubbing parts, reduce shell to the parcel power of benevolence, reach the object removing duck wheat shell, ensure that the husking yield that product is high; In addition, adopt flexible rubber to pull out tooth and act on the difficult duck wheat shell peeled off in seed groove position, seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici is shelled completely.In whole de-hulling process, seed only bears less compression, ensure that the rate of perfect kernel that seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici product is high.Further, before material enters hulling machine, do not need to carry out heat aging to duck wheat seed, significantly simplifying shelling operation, raise the efficiency, while economize energy, preventing the loss of seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici nutriment and health-care components.
Compared with existing buckwheat shelling equipment, the cold hulling device of duck wheat has the following advantages:
1. rate of perfect kernel and husking yield high, shelled buckwheat damage ratio is low, and shelling is completely;
2. duck wheat seed access arrangement is front without the need to carrying out the links such as complicated heat treatment, and operation simply, saves manpower, the energy and water;
3. device efficiency is high, is applicable to the production of large-scale seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici;
4. ensure that seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici original nutrition and health care quality is unaffected to greatest extent.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the cold hulling device structural representation of duck wheat of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the A-A profile of the cold hulling device structural representation of duck wheat of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the B-B profile of the cold hulling device structural representation of duck wheat of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is that the C of the cold hulling device structural representation of duck wheat of the present invention is to figure.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, the raw hulling device of a kind of tartary buckwheat whole seed of the present invention, comprise feed hopper 1, abrasive material inner sleeve 2, grinding rotor 4, grinding cylinder 5, shelling room 10, screen cloth 11, the inner core 13 that shells, duck wheat discharge gate 16, seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici aggregate bin 20, motor 21 and frame 22, main shaft 25, pneumatic separation device, described main shaft 25 is arranged in frame 22 by bearing 15, it is following that described motor 21 is arranged on frame 22, is connected with belt pulley 24 by belt 23 with main shaft 25; Described feed hopper 1 is arranged on the upper left side of grinding cylinder 5; Described grinding cylinder 5 inwall is fixed with abrasive material inner sleeve 2, and its right-hand member is furnished with shelling room 10; Described shelling room 10 and grinding cylinder 5 inner straight; Described grinding rotor 4 and the inner core 13 that shells are arranged on same main shaft 25, and inner periphery direction is provided with screen cloth 11 in described shelling room 10; The micronic dust outlet 9 at the top of described shelling room 10 is communicated with pneumatic separation device; The right side, bottom of described shelling room 10 is arranged particle outlet 17, on the right side sieve 11 of shelling room 10, be provided with duck wheat discharge gate 16; The below of described particle outlet 17 arranges seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici aggregate bin 20, it is characterized in that, described grinding rotor 4 is distributed with the bar-shaped roll flute 3 of helical blade 26 and helical arrangement, the surface of described helical blade 26 is frosted, and the density of frosted from left to right increases successively, increase frictional force, also well adapt to the difference of different cultivars buckwheat shell thin and thick simultaneously.Bar-shaped roll flute 3 is arranged by spiral along main shaft 25 direction, jointly plays grinding to duck wheat seed with helical blade 26, rubs and progradation.
By being with the helical blade 26 of frosted, after bar-shaped roll flute 3 pairs of duck wheat seeds carry out first time grinding, the corner angle of duck wheat seed and the shell grinding at vertex of a cone place are gone, the conjugation reduction between three of seed shell.
Described surrounding of shelling inner core 13 is furnished with pulls out tooth, and inside, described shelling room 10 is provided with the urceolus 12 that shells that band pulls out tooth;
Described frame 22 bottom is also provided with blower fan 18;
The top of described shelling room 10 has micronic dust to export 9, is communicated with air separation tube 7 through micronic dust exit butterfly valve 8;
The right side, bottom of described shelling room 10 is arranged particle outlet 17, on the right side screen cloth 11 of shelling room 10, be provided with duck wheat discharge gate 16;
Described pneumatic separation device is made up of air separation tube 7, blower fan 18, blanking port 19 etc.;
Described duck wheat discharge gate 16 is communicated with air separation tube 7;
The entrance of described blower fan 18 is communicated with air separation tube 7, and the entrance butterfly valve of blower fan 18 is equipped with in centre, and the end of air separation tube 7 is blanking port 19, and the below of blanking port 19 arranges seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici aggregate bin 20, and the outlet 15 of blower fan 18 is connected with shell drainage conduit 6.
The described urceolus 12 that shells is provided with some through holes 28.
Described urceolus 12 the right and left that shells is 5 ~ 10mm with the distance of shelling room 10 sidewall.
The described urceolus 12 that shells is 5 ~ 10mm with inner core 13 distance of shelling.
The diameter of described through hole 28 is 4 ~ 7mm.
It is 3 ~ 5mm that described surrounding of shelling inner core 13 is furnished with the length of pulling out tooth.
The described length 3 ~ 5mm pulling out tooth shelled on urceolus 12.
The moving tooth of the described inner core 13 that shells and the moving tooth position of the urceolus 12 that shells misplace mutually.
After after first time grinding, duck wheat seed slightly between urceolus 12 and duck wheat seed to be rubbed by shelling of shell inner core 13 and the band moving tooth of band moving tooth, is cleaned with water, effectively can separate the shell remaining in seed surface and groove place, duck wheat be reached and shells completely.
The urceolus 12 that shells is a bit larger tham buckwheat seed with the spacing of the inner core 13 that shells, and while making seed fully contact with rubber moving tooth, the obstruction that can not cause because inlet amount is large again, suitable large-scale shelled buckwheat is produced.
Shelled buckwheat completely after shelling falls downwards screen cloth 11 by through hole 28, and screenings is the mixture of a small amount of broken Renhe shell.Overwhelming majority shell enters pneumatic separation device with air-flow and discharges.
The left end diameter of the room 10 that shells be greater than the diameter of grinding cylinder 5.
Bottom described feed hopper 1, flow-control door 27 is set.
The diameter of described grinding rotor 4 is less than the diameter of the inner core 13 that shells.
As shown in Figures 1 and 2, roll flute 3 is arranged by spiral along main shaft 25 direction, produces progradation together with helical blade 26 to seed.
The shelling completely of duck wheat and separation of hull from kernel complete in shelling room 10.The inner core 13 that shells drives rotation by main shaft 25, and then drives material movement, and and component contact.As shown in Figures 3 and 4, the surrounding of shell urceolus 12 and the inner core 13 that shells is furnished with rubber moving tooth 14, effectively can separate the shell remaining in seed surface and groove place, duck wheat be reached and shells completely.Further, the spacing of shell urceolus 12 and the inner core 13 that shells is a bit larger tham buckwheat seed, and while making seed fully contact with rubber moving tooth, the obstruction that can not cause because inlet amount is large again, suitable large-scale shelled buckwheat is produced.Shelled buckwheat completely after shelling falls downwards screen cloth 11 by through hole 28, complete shelled buckwheat and large stretch of shell are discharged via duck wheat discharge gate 16, shell enters air separation tube 7 device for transferring with air-flow, and shelled buckwheat falls into aggregate bin 20, and screenings is the mixture of a small amount of broken Renhe shell.

Claims (10)

1. the raw hulling device of tartary buckwheat whole seed, comprise feed hopper (1), abrasive material inner sleeve (2), grinding rotor (4), grinding cylinder (5), shelling room (10), screen cloth (11), shell inner core (13), duck wheat discharge gate (16), seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici aggregate bin (20), motor (21) and frame (22), main shaft (25), described main shaft (25) is arranged in frame (22) by bearing (15), it is following that described motor (21) is arranged on frame (22), be connected with main shaft (25) with belt pulley (24) by belt (23), described feed hopper (1) is arranged on the upper left side of grinding cylinder (5), described grinding cylinder (5) inwall is fixed with abrasive material inner sleeve (2), and its right-hand member is furnished with shelling room (10), described shelling room (10) and grinding cylinder (5) inner straight, described grinding rotor (4) and the inner core that shells (13) are arranged on same main shaft (25), and described shelling room (10) inner periphery direction is provided with screen cloth (11), micronic dust outlet (9) at the top of described shelling room (10) is communicated with air separation tube (7) through micronic dust exit butterfly valve (8),
The right side, bottom of described shelling room (10) is arranged particle outlet (17), on the right side screen cloth (11) of shelling room (10), be provided with duck wheat discharge gate (16); The below of described particle outlet (17) arranges seed of Radix Et Rhizoma Fagopyri Tatarici aggregate bin (20), it is characterized in that, described grinding rotor (4) is distributed with the bar-shaped roll flute (3) of helical blade (26) and helical arrangement, the surface of described helical blade (26) is frosted, and the density of frosted from left to right increases successively; The surrounding of the described inner core that shells (13) is furnished with moving tooth, and described shelling room (10) inside is provided with the urceolus that shells (12) of band moving tooth; The described urceolus that shells (12) is provided with some through holes (28); The moving tooth of the described inner core that shells (13) and the moving tooth position of the urceolus (12) that shells misplace mutually.
2. tartary buckwheat whole seed gives birth to hulling device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feed hopper (1) bottom arranges flow-control door (27).
3. tartary buckwheat whole seed gives birth to hulling device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the left end diameter of described shelling room (10) is greater than the diameter of grinding cylinder (5).
4. tartary buckwheat whole seed gives birth to hulling device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the right-hand member diameter of described shelling room (10) is more bigger than its left end.
5. tartary buckwheat whole seed gives birth to hulling device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the diameter of described grinding rotor (4) is less than the diameter of the inner core that shells (13).
6. the raw hulling device of tartary buckwheat whole seed according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described in urceolus (12) the right and left that shells be 5 ~ 10mm with the distance of shelling room (10) sidewall.
7. the raw hulling device of tartary buckwheat whole seed according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described in the urceolus (12) that shells be 5 ~ 10mm with inner core (13) distance of shelling.
8. tartary buckwheat whole seed gives birth to hulling device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the diameter of described through hole (28) is 4 ~ 7mm.
9. the raw hulling device of tartary buckwheat whole seed according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described in shell inner core (13) the surrounding moving tooth length of arranging be 3 ~ 5mm.
10. the raw hulling device of tartary buckwheat whole seed according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described in shell the length 3 ~ 5mm of the moving tooth on urceolus (12).
CN201310125262.6A 2013-03-26 2013-03-26 The raw hulling device of a kind of tartary buckwheat whole seed Active CN103599820B (en)

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CN108355736B (en) * 2017-12-26 2019-10-01 聂春燕 It is a kind of for removing the rotation axis of wheat glume

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CN2236359Y (en) * 1995-09-05 1996-10-02 徐志俊 Wheat bran remover
JP3686530B2 (en) * 1998-07-01 2005-08-24 松下電器産業株式会社 Rice mill
CN201579073U (en) * 2009-12-01 2010-09-15 王金恒 Grain grinding, beating and brushing combined machine
CN203577848U (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-05-07 西北农林科技大学 Raw tartary buckwheat whole grain husking device

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JP3789510B2 (en) * 1995-03-17 2006-06-28 セイレイ工業株式会社 Combine branch branch removal device
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2236359Y (en) * 1995-09-05 1996-10-02 徐志俊 Wheat bran remover
JP3686530B2 (en) * 1998-07-01 2005-08-24 松下電器産業株式会社 Rice mill
CN201579073U (en) * 2009-12-01 2010-09-15 王金恒 Grain grinding, beating and brushing combined machine
CN203577848U (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-05-07 西北农林科技大学 Raw tartary buckwheat whole grain husking device

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