CN106665322A - Three-dimensional sand culture planting system - Google Patents

Three-dimensional sand culture planting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106665322A
CN106665322A CN201611133509.9A CN201611133509A CN106665322A CN 106665322 A CN106665322 A CN 106665322A CN 201611133509 A CN201611133509 A CN 201611133509A CN 106665322 A CN106665322 A CN 106665322A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sand
fluid infusion
pipe
culture
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611133509.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
江培福
邱照宁
邵唯
晏清洪
谭力青
辛敏
闫鹏
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Individual
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Individual
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Publication of CN106665322A publication Critical patent/CN106665322A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • A01G31/06Hydroponic culture on racks or in stacked containers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of the plant sand culture device, and particularly relates to a three-dimensional sand culture planting system. The three-dimensional sand culture planting system comprises a frame with a multiple layers of drawers. Each drawer is provided with a culture groove. The culture groove comprises a sand culture chamber for planting and a liquid supplying chamber for providing water to the sand culture chamber. The sand culture chamber is internally embedded with a sand irrigation pipe. The sand irrigation pipe is provided with a liquid supplying opening and the sand irrigation pipe is communicated with the liquid supplying chamber. The three-dimensional sand culture planting system is capable of using the three-dimensional cultivation mode, has the multiple layers of the cultivation spaces, and has the characteristics of small occupied area, large planting area, low cost, controllable nutrient solution and growth conditions, and high plant yield. The three-dimensional sand culture planting system is capable of using the infiltrative irrigation, and the irrigation is carried out from bottom to top, so any other water cannot be wasted except the water adsorbed by the plants, the irrigation water head is small, and the water and nutrient solution are saved.

Description

A kind of stereo sand trains implant system
Technical field
The invention belongs to plant sand culture technical equipment field, implant system is trained more particularly, to a kind of stereo sand.
Background technology
Because sharply increasing for the size of population takes a large amount of arable lands with construction land, since the 1950's mid-term, China total cultivated area and per capita area of cultivated farmland continuous decrease, people ground contradiction.Occurred that along with people ground contradiction A series of problems, such as farmland quality decline, the pollution of agriculture chemical, soil erosion.The serious shadow of increasingly serious security of cultivated land Grain security is rung, therefore, it is necessary on the basis of existing cultivated land resource is protected, further increase effective growing surface in soil Product.With the development of agricultural planting technique, people are at present starting to put forth effort on by multi-layer stereo plantation technology come planting plants And vegetables.Solid growth is saved soil and can be increased cultivated area and welcome by Planting household due to it.
Current planting pergola species is various, although its structure is simultaneously differed, but these planting pergolas storage mud Soil is few, and soil moisture evaporation is fast after watering, and will water daily, and labour intensity amount is big, and water is made frame outside by capacity when watering, Cause the shortcoming wasted water.
The content of the invention
In order to make up the defect of above-mentioned solid growth, the present invention proposes a kind of stereo sand training implant system.
Its technical scheme is that a kind of stereo sand trains implant system, including the framework with multi-layer drawers, divides on the drawer Culture tank is not provided with, and the culture tank includes the fluid infusion room for being used for the sand culture room planted and moisture being provided for sand culture room, the sand Train interior and be embedded with husky filling pipe, fluid infusion is provided with the husky filling pipe and the husky filling pipe is connected with the fluid infusion room.
Also include moisturizing component, the moisturizing component includes the distributive pipe that is connected with described each fluid infusion room, it is described each Distributive pipe is connected on water-main by three-way pipe, and the water-main is communicated with fluid infusion case, and the fluid infusion case is arranged on the frame Frame top.
The only sandbag for preventing the grains of sand from entering fluid infusion is additionally provided with the fluid infusion.
The framework includes pillar and the connecting plate being flexibly connected with pillar, and the pillar and the connecting plate coordinate composition drawer Structure, the culture tank is set onto connecting plate.
Ball-cock assembly is provided with the fluid infusion room, the ball-cock assembly is set together with the distributive pipe.
The irrigation pipe is provided with screen pack with fluid infusion room communicating position.
The husky pipe that fills is the pvc pipe of diameter 18-22mm, a diameter of 1.5-2.0mm of fluid infusion.
The only sandbag is the screen cloth bag of 120 mesh, and it is 0.125mm that its internal package has particle<D<The sand of 2.0mm, The only sandbag is wrapped on delivery port.Abatement delivery port water flow pressure, preventing and treating delivery port is blocked.
The present invention uses stereo cultivation mode, and space is cultivated with multilayer, few with floor space, and cultivated area is big, adopt With sand culture low cost, control nutrient solution and growth conditions, plant products are planted high;The present invention is irrigated using infiltration type, from top to bottom Irrigated, do not produce other any moisture removed beyond plant absorption to waste substantially, irrigating head is small, saves moisture and battalion Industry liquid;Irrigation automation degree of the present invention is high, is capable of achieving continuous water supply;Whether the present invention can like water according to crop, set ball float Valve highly, controls duty;The present invention supplies water by husky body itself capillary attraction to upper strata, and root system of plant layer will not generate weight Power water and saturated aqueous layer, can not set drainage system, also can provide a good growing environment to crop.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of implementation method of invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of the husky implementation method for filling pipe in Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
Technical scheme is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it is clear that described implementation Example is a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, ordinary skill The every other embodiment that personnel are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
In the description of the invention, it is necessary to explanation, term " " center ", " on ", D score, "left", "right", " vertical ", The orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as " level ", " interior ", " outward " be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, merely to Be easy to the description present invention and simplify describe, rather than indicate imply signified device or element must have specific orientation, With specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not considered as limiting the invention.Additionally, term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd " is only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the invention, it is necessary to illustrate, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " phase Company ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, or being detachably connected, or be integrally connected;Can Being to mechanically connect, or electrically connect;Can be joined directly together, it is also possible to be indirectly connected to by intermediary, Ke Yishi Two connections of element internal.For the ordinary skill in the art, with concrete condition above-mentioned term can be understood at this Concrete meaning in invention.
With reference to Fig. 1, one embodiment of the present invention.
A kind of stereo sand trains implant system, including the framework 14 with multi-layer drawers, and culture is respectively equipped with the drawer Groove, the culture tank includes the fluid infusion room for being used for the sand culture room planted and moisture being provided for sand culture room, is buried in the sand culture room There is husky filling to manage, fluid infusion is provided with the husky filling pipe and the husky pipe that fills is connected with the fluid infusion room.In the present embodiment, in order to increase Plus the gas permeability of plant is cultivated, while avoiding a large amount of supports support plants of pure soilless culture needs, root system of plant is being immersed in Perishable defect in nutrient solution, using the sand culture that particle is larger, particle is larger between the grains of sand, good air permeability, while Be fixed for root system of plant by Sha Ji, prevents plant from lodging.The present invention uses stereo cultivation mode simultaneously, cultivates empty with multilayer Between, few with floor space, cultivated area is big, using sand culture low cost, control nutrient solution and growth conditions, plants plant products It is high;The present invention fills pipe using the husky of flush type.Infiltration type irrigation is carried out, is irrigated from top to bottom, do not produce removing to plant substantially Other any moisture beyond thing absorbs are wasted, and irrigating head is small, save moisture and business liquid.The present invention is by husky body itself hair Thin suction supplies water to upper strata, and root system of plant layer will not generate bulk water and saturated aqueous layer, can not set drainage system, also can be to work Thing provides a good growing environment.
Also include moisturizing component, the moisturizing component includes the distributive pipe that is connected with described each fluid infusion room, it is described each Distributive pipe is connected on water-main 6 by three-way pipe 5, and the water-main is communicated with fluid infusion case 4, and the fluid infusion case is arranged on described Framework top.Fluid infusion room of the invention fills pipe for sand culture room keeps the skin wet by sand at any time, and irrigation automation degree is high, is capable of achieving Continuous water supply.
The only sandbag 3 for preventing the grains of sand from entering fluid infusion is additionally provided with the fluid infusion.Using only sandbag, prevent the grains of sand from entering Sand fills pipe, prevents husky filling blockage.
The framework includes pillar and the connecting plate being flexibly connected with pillar, and the pillar and the connecting plate coordinate composition drawer Structure, the culture tank is set onto connecting plate.In the present embodiment, drawer mechanism is constituted using pillar and cooperation of winning in succession, activity is even Connect easy disassembly.
Ball-cock assembly 8 is provided with the fluid infusion room, the ball-cock assembly is set together with the distributive pipe.The ball-cock assembly with The distributive pipe is set to together.Whether the present invention can like water according to crop, set ball-cock assembly highly, control duty.It is floating Ball valve is a kind of very universal device, because can buy on the market, normal condition float can swim in the water surface, when water level drop When low, float drops open water transport channel, and water can just flow out, and when water level goes up, float is floated up jacking water outlet by buoyancy Mouthful, current are stopped.
The irrigation pipe is provided with screen pack with fluid infusion room communicating position.
The husky pipe that fills is the pvc pipe of diameter 18-22mm, a diameter of 1.5-2.0mm of fluid infusion.
The only sandbag is the screen cloth bag of 120 mesh, and it is 0.125mm that its internal package has particle<D<The sand of 2.0mm, The only sandbag is wrapped on delivery port.Abatement delivery port water flow pressure, prevents the too fast sand by around it of water outlet current Grain is reopened causes top sand base to loosen, and also avoids the grains of sand that delivery port is backfilled after waterflow stabilization and is blocked.
The present invention uses stereo cultivation mode, and space is cultivated with multilayer, few with floor space, and cultivated area is big, adopt With sand culture low cost, control nutrient solution and growth conditions, plant products are planted high;The present invention is irrigated using infiltration type, from top to bottom Irrigated, do not produce other any moisture removed beyond plant absorption to waste substantially, irrigating head is small, saves moisture and battalion Industry liquid;Irrigation automation degree of the present invention is high, is capable of achieving continuous water supply;Whether the present invention can like water according to crop, set ball float Valve highly, controls duty;The present invention supplies water by husky body itself capillary attraction to upper strata, and root system of plant layer will not generate weight Power water and saturated aqueous layer, can not set drainage system, also can provide a good growing environment to crop.
In the present invention, fluid infusion aperture is generally 1.5-2.0mm, bigger than traditional drip irrigation channel size 0.5-1.2mm, no Easily it is blocked.It is common pvc pipe that sand fills pipe, a diameter of general in 20mm.Only sandbag is generally the screen cloth parcel one of 120 mesh (0.125mm is determined in particle size range<D<Sand 2.0mm) is made, then is wrapped on delivery port, for cutting down delivery port current pressure Power, preventing and treating delivery port is blocked.
Described liquid-supplying system includes fluid infusion room 4, and fluid infusion case is placed on the top of framework, is carried by the free fall of water body For irrigating power;A point water is carried out to each layer by three-way pipe, distributive pipe end is provided with ball-cock assembly 8, and the present invention is without any Power, without the opening and closing of manual control current, the water level that can be automatically adjusted in fluid infusion room according to the height of regulation ball-cock assembly is high Low, real realization is automatic, the purpose of energy-conservation.
Described ball-cock assembly is installed and to be less than planting groove certain distance, it is ensured that the peak level in water level management room is than plantation Sand bed in groove is low, it is ensured that zone of saturation will not be formed at sand bed top, so that it is guaranteed that the permeability of plant sand bed so that plant roots System can carry out normal physiological respiration.
Fluid infusion room and sand culture room bottom are connected by the liquid outlet of 20mm, and filter screen 11 is enclosed with before liquid outlet, prevent impurity Pipe is filled into sand.Its advantage be fluid infusion room can retaining cut down the water level pressure that brings of height simultaneously, make water energy steadily slow Enter husky filling in pipe.
The connecting plate is square, and the shape of sand culture room is desirably also square groove, and its size can change with plantation connecting plate size, Its particle diameter of the grains of sand should be between 0-2mm in sand culture room, depending on the depth of filling is according to the kind of planting vegetable.
During present invention work, only water tank 4 need to be piled water or the full nutrient solution of configuration, water or nutrient solution meeting in water tank 4 With water supply line 6 and threeway 5 by moisture to each layer, the water for flowing to each layer enters water level surge-chamber 7 by ball-cock assembly 8, by The hole flow direction of the bottom of water level surge-chamber 7 is husky to fill pipe, finally enters filter screen 3 out from apopore 1, and last current enter sandy culture Layer 12 supply crop utilizations, as long as water tank 4 have water system can it is full automatic go on, operate very simple, system stably, It is reliable.
Above-mentioned technical proposal only embodies the optimal technical scheme of technical solution of the present invention, those skilled in the art Some that to be made to some of which part variations embody principle of the invention, belong to protection scope of the present invention it It is interior.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of stereo sand trains implant system, it is characterised in that including the framework with multi-layer drawers, set respectively on the drawer There is culture tank, the culture tank includes the fluid infusion room for being used for the sand culture room planted and moisture being provided for sand culture room, the sand culture room Inside it is embedded with husky filling to manage, fluid infusion is provided with the husky filling pipe and the husky pipe that fills is connected with the fluid infusion room.
2. stereo sand according to claim 1 trains implant system, it is characterised in that also including moisturizing component, the moisturizing Component includes the distributive pipe connected with described each fluid infusion room, and described each distributive pipe is connected on water-main by three-way pipe, The water-main is communicated with fluid infusion case, and the fluid infusion case is arranged on the framework top.
3. stereo sand according to claim 2 trains implant system, it is characterised in that being additionally provided with the fluid infusion prevents sand Grain enters the only sandbag of fluid infusion.
4. stereo sand according to claim 3 trains implant system, it is characterised in that the framework includes pillar and and pillar The connecting plate of flexible connection, the pillar and the connecting plate coordinate composition drawer structure, the culture tank to set onto connecting plate.
5. stereo sand according to claim 4 trains implant system, it is characterised in that be provided with ball-cock assembly in the fluid infusion room, The ball-cock assembly is set together with the distributive pipe.
6. stereo sand according to claim 5 trains implant system, it is characterised in that the irrigation pipe connects with the fluid infusion room Logical position is provided with screen pack.
7. stereo sand according to claim 5 trains implant system, it is characterised in that the husky pipe that fills is diameter 18-22mm Pvc pipe, a diameter of 1.5-2.0mm of delivery port.
8. the stereo sand according to claim 6 or 7 trains implant system, it is characterised in that the only sandbag is 120 purposes Screen cloth bag, it is 0.125mm that its internal package has particle<D<The sand of 2.0mm, the only sandbag is wrapped on delivery port.
CN201611133509.9A 2016-08-05 2016-12-10 Three-dimensional sand culture planting system Pending CN106665322A (en)

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CN201610633942 2016-08-05
CN2016106339422 2016-08-05

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109452032A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-03-12 肖明香 A kind of verdant culturing frame
CN115119738A (en) * 2022-07-24 2022-09-30 李涛 Micro-seepage type narrow deep groove greenhouse vegetable sand culture device with sensor for controlling water and fertilizer seepage amount and culture method

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106665322A (en) * 2016-08-05 2017-05-17 江培福 Three-dimensional sand culture planting system
CN110249852A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-09-20 安徽省宝景生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of multilayer seedling culture frame nutrient solution automatically supplying apparatus

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203884289U (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-10-22 四川省草原科学研究院 Cultivation frame for indoor pasture seedling cultivation or vegetable plantation
CN104186237A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-10 杭州李春建设有限公司 Plant stereoscopic planting system
CN204443477U (en) * 2015-01-20 2015-07-08 河海大学 A kind of stereo drop-irrigation of control automatically device
CN204482486U (en) * 2015-02-26 2015-07-22 刘跃安 A kind of intelligent implement for cultivating
CN105660246A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-06-15 韦振宇 Automatic micro embellish irrigation and aerobic cultivation system achieving circulating water supply in stereoscopic planting
CN206491110U (en) * 2016-08-05 2017-09-15 江培福 A kind of stereo sand trains implant system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203884289U (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-10-22 四川省草原科学研究院 Cultivation frame for indoor pasture seedling cultivation or vegetable plantation
CN104186237A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-10 杭州李春建设有限公司 Plant stereoscopic planting system
CN204443477U (en) * 2015-01-20 2015-07-08 河海大学 A kind of stereo drop-irrigation of control automatically device
CN204482486U (en) * 2015-02-26 2015-07-22 刘跃安 A kind of intelligent implement for cultivating
CN105660246A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-06-15 韦振宇 Automatic micro embellish irrigation and aerobic cultivation system achieving circulating water supply in stereoscopic planting
CN206491110U (en) * 2016-08-05 2017-09-15 江培福 A kind of stereo sand trains implant system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109452032A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-03-12 肖明香 A kind of verdant culturing frame
CN109452032B (en) * 2018-10-26 2021-06-22 肖明香 Green onion culture rack
CN115119738A (en) * 2022-07-24 2022-09-30 李涛 Micro-seepage type narrow deep groove greenhouse vegetable sand culture device with sensor for controlling water and fertilizer seepage amount and culture method

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Application publication date: 20170517

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