CN106592065A - Production process of Yangtze River Delta type decoration fabric - Google Patents

Production process of Yangtze River Delta type decoration fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106592065A
CN106592065A CN201611096639.XA CN201611096639A CN106592065A CN 106592065 A CN106592065 A CN 106592065A CN 201611096639 A CN201611096639 A CN 201611096639A CN 106592065 A CN106592065 A CN 106592065A
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China
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jing
fabric
yarn
comprehensive
page
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CN106592065B (en
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周祥
杨艺
瞿建新
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Nantong Textile Vocational Technology College
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Nantong Textile Vocational Technology College
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D21/00Lappet- or swivel-woven fabrics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03CSHEDDING MECHANISMS; PATTERN CARDS OR CHAINS; PUNCHING OF CARDS; DESIGNING PATTERNS
    • D03C1/00Dobbies
    • D03C1/14Features common to dobbies of different types
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D13/00Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft
    • D03D13/004Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft with weave pattern being non-standard or providing special effects
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D13/00Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft
    • D03D13/008Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft characterised by weave density or surface weight
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/50Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the properties of the yarns or threads
    • D03D15/54Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the properties of the yarns or threads coloured
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • Woven Fabrics (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a production process of Yangtze River Delta type decoration fabric. The production process includes: designing patterns, reeling, twisting, shaping, beaming, re-beaming, drawing-in and weaving. The Yangtze River Delta type decoration fabric with a jacquard shedding mechanism effect is woven by a multi-arm shedding mechanism. The production process has the advantages that production process flow is simplified, high production efficiency is achieved, double-beam weaving is adopted during weaving due to the fact that warp shrinkage difference is large, weaving process measures such as 'early shedding, late rapier feeding, medium back rest and medium tension' are adopted, and the weaving can be performed smoothly.

Description

A kind of production technology of the decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula
Technical field
The invention belongs to weaving field of weaving, and in particular to a kind of production technology of the decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula.
Background technology
The fabric of drapery, fabric face often all emerges the large-scale pattern for having third dimension very strong, and pattern tissue is complicated, Loom to producing decorative fabric requires higher, and loom needs configuration high-speed electronic jacquard shedding mechanism, technique long processing time, Production cost is high, and added value of product is also high.
The content of the invention
Goal of the invention:In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula Production technology.With dobby machine, knit and make jacquard loom and can just knit the effect made, simplify woven technological process, carry High production efficiency, is that enterprise obtains bigger profit margin.
Technical scheme:A kind of production technology of the decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula, comprises the steps:
(1) patterning design:
Fabric ground tissue has light polyester filament as ground Jing by white 75D*2, and ground is organized as plain weave, forms the water surface;By Used as flower Jing, rocketed the blue unglazed polyester filaments of 75D*2 the lobby waterside pavilion for being formed by Hua Jing, rises sheer from the water surface;Lobby waterside pavilion Between rocketed by Hua Jing, form blue arch bridge, lobby waterside pavilion is linked together;
(2) reeling:
From RL399 type spoolers, reeling speed is 700m/min, and Winding Tension is controlled in 12cn, reeling, it should be noted that Silk thread passage it is unimpeded, prevent long filament from fluffing;
(3) twisted filament:
Twisted with the wool spinning frame of transformation, the twist is 3 sth. made by twisting/cm, spindle rotating speed is 4200r/min, twists with the fingers and is twisted with the fingers to S;
(4) shape:
Using QZD-1.8-1.5 vacuum shaping box, shape 256 every time, setting process is:Blister 30 minutes, steaming silk 100 Minute, setting temperature is 80 DEG C, and after sizing 24 hours are spent, and carries out next procedure;Polyester filament on same batch fabric, Requirement is shaped using same type of vacuum shaping box;
(5) warping:
From the long silk warpers of Japanese TW-N, speed of beaming is set as:300m/min, warping single yarn tension is 22CN;Cylinder Subrack capacity is 1200, and white 75D*2 strands 2320, Side End Number is 112, is processed into 3 axles, is with axle:811*2+ 810*1 blueness 75D*2 strands 4640, warping is with axle into 4 axles:1160*4;
And axle (6):
Using XB150 warp rebeaming machines, and axle speed is 100m/min;
(7) pass:
Subregion is gaited, and is worn long whitely comprehensive at 1-2 page, side yarn wear 3-4 page it is comprehensive, Regulation and Blue Flowers wear long comprehensive at 5-16 page;White Body warp interleaving degress is more, and shedding frequently, is through proparea, is beneficial to shed open clear;Radical on per page of Hua Jing is less, shedding Number of times is few, and shed open is easily clear, is through back zone;Warp Tension Test is 1 white 2 blue, is entered per reed 3;
Gait and be divided into five sections:
First paragraph is gaited area:
1,9,9,2,9,9,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,13,13, 2,13,13,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,15,15,2,16,16,1,15,15,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,13,13,1,13, 13, (2,12,12,1,12,12) * 3,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,15,15,1,16,16,2,15, 15,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,10,10,2, 10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9;First paragraph is gaited area, knits the double pavilions in the left side processed;
Second segment is gaited area:
1,8,8,2,8,8,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6,1,7, 7,2,7,7, (1,8,8,2,8,8) * 2,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6, 1,7,7,2,7,7, (1,8,8,2,8,8) * 2,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2, 6,6,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,8,8,2,8,8;Second segment is gaited area, knits left side stone arch bridge processed;
3rd section of area of gaiting:
1,9,9,2,9,9,1,9,9,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,11,11,2, 12,12,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,15, 15,2,16,16,1,15,15,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,12,12,1, 12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9,1, 9,9;3rd section of area of gaiting, the pavilion in the middle of the system of knitting;
4th section of area of gaiting:
2,8,8,1,8,8,2,7,7,1,7,7,2,6,6,1,6,6, (2,5,5,1,5,5) * 2,2,6,6,1,6,6,2,7, 7,1,7,7,2,8,8,1,8,8;4th section of area of gaiting, knits system the right arch bridge;
5th section of area of gaiting:
2,9,9,1,9,9,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,12,12,1,12,12,2,13,13, 1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,15,15,1,16,16,2,15,15,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13, 13,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9;5th gaits area, knits Make rightmost pavilion;
Entirely gait and be distinguished into five regions, according to customer requirement, can neatly adjust position or the width of regional, To reach different effects;
(8) weave:
The selection of loom:From the weaving of GA747 looms, formula bunting in the south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River processed, the effect with figurative jacquard are knitted Really, shedding rule is complicated, amounts to comprehensive using page 16;
Twin shaft is weaved:Comprehensive using page 16 when this fabric knits processed, wherein 1-2 page comprehensive knitting makes ground Jing, and 1-2 page comprehensive for plain weave group Knit, interleaving degress is more, shedding frequently, is placed on proparea, 3-4 page is comprehensive for Jing galassings, knits Selvage Stitch processed, and yarn radical is fewer, and Warp beam winds together, and warp beam uses the original let-off mechanism of loom;Flower warp beam is comprehensive using 5-16 page, and flower Jing radicals are more, But shedding number of times is few, therefore flower warp beam is mounted in back rest top, and using frictional force the warp let-off is controlled;
The selvedge and Side End Number of fabric:The selvedge of fabric, when making selvedge using plain weave, selvedge easily forms cat in one's ear, After use Jing galassings instead and make selvedge, every heald wears 2 yarns, and the flat style in selvedge presentation side, selvedge is smooth;To prevent fabric edge defect Point:Increase Side End Number, side yarn uses 112;While warp thread using cotton 9.7tex*2 strands for while Jing, overcome while contracting, it is rotten while show As;
Early opening:Opening time is 280 °, and warp thread has ground Jing and Hua Jing, and flower Jing tension force is little, and shed open is difficult clearly, therefore makes Early opening is used, is conducive to shed open clear, it is favourable to wefting insertion;
Move back the sword time:When fabrics in general knits processed, move back that the sword time is identical with opening time, polyester filament surface is smooth, to latitude Yarn controling power is poor, when filament yarn fabric knits processed, moves back sword time outline and is later than 5 ° of opening time, and by 280 ° 285 °, during opening are postponed till Between it is constant, move back sword time retardation, after weft yarn is released, warp thread is greatly increased to the chucking power of weft yarn, prevents side looped weft fault;
Evening enters sword:80 ° are entered sword, and because flower pattern is complicated, shed open is difficult clearly, when sword head enters shed open, are easily produced star and are jumped defect Point, postpone into the sword time to 80 ° so that shed open effective depth increases, it is to avoid generation star jumps fault, and entering the sword time can not be again In evening, enter evening sword time, the arrow shaft speed of service is fast, and machine material loss can increase;
Double weft accumulators system of knitting:Two weft accumulators are according to 1:1 ratio, in turn for latitude, no longer needs to wind on yarn storage drum Many yarns, can prevent sluff-offs, be not result on yarn storage drum, due to few around yarn, to have little time to start again, the upper weft yarn quilt of yarn storage drum The problem for being finished and stopping, therefore single weft yarn is when knitting processed, and using two weft accumulators latitude is supplied in turn;
The middle back rest:When polyester filament is weaved, electrostatic is easily played, cause long filament fluffing, adhesion, cause opening unclear, due to shuttle It is clear that mouth is difficult, and to prevent top line from causing opening unclear because tension force is little, suitably reduces back beam height, top line Power increases, and reduces the adhesion between yarn, is conducive to opening or cleaning shed open, therefore, back beam height is set to 90mm;
Middle tension force:Ground Jing tension force controlled by original let-off mechanism, due to ground Jing radicals it is fewer, both sides tension weight hammer stem The tension weight of one 2.5kg of upper each configuration;
Humiture:Strict control workshop moisture temperature, at 23 DEG C -30 DEG C, relative humidity is controlled in 70%- temperature control 75%.
As optimization:Fabric specification:Total quantity of warps 7072, side yarn is 56*2,443/10cm of fabric end count, upper machine Jing Close 417/10cm, 361/10cm of fabric filling density, upper 329/10cm of machine filling density, Jing crimps 9%, latitude crimp 5.8%, porter For:138 tooth/10 centimetre, fabric fabric width is 159cm, and upper machine reed width is 169cm, and the white ground Jing and ︰ 2 of Regulation and Blue Flowers Jing 1 is arranged, side It is organized as Jing galassings.
Beneficial effect:South of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula decorative fabric in the present invention is a by type dobby shedding mechanism, knits and makes jacquard weave The fabric of shedding mechanism effect, this set technique causes the technological process of production to simplify, and production efficiency is improved, during the system of knitting, Because the difference of Jing crimps is big, weaved using twin shaft, using " early opening, evening enter sword, the middle back rest, middle tension force " etc. on weaving process Technological measure, it is ensured that woven to be smoothed out.
By developing south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula decorative fabric, the front of fabric emerges the beautiful scenery of the south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, lake-light to the present invention Inverted image, lobby waterside pavilion is middle to be connected with bridge, gives endless reverie.It is in place of the most successful of this fabric development:Fabric is By the GA747 looms system of knitting, by more than 20,000 yuan of GA747 looms of investment, knit and make the big jacquard loom for needing more than 40 ten thousand yuan of funds, The effect that just can be woven, and production procedure is short, efficiency is higher than big jacquard loom, and to enterprise huge economic benefit is brought.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the fabric card schematic diagram of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Specific embodiment
The technological process of production of the present invention is as follows:Patterning design, reeling, twisted filament, sizing, warping and axle, pass, weave. Concrete operations are as follows:
(1) patterning design
Fabric ground tissue in the present invention has light polyester filament as ground Jing by white 75D*2, and ground is organized as plain weave, shape Into the water surface;By the blue unglazed polyester filaments of 75D*2 as flower Jing, rocketed the lobby waterside pavilion for being formed by Hua Jing, rises sheer from the water surface; Rocketed by Hua Jing between lobby waterside pavilion, form blue arch bridge, lobby waterside pavilion is linked together;On the water surface that gleams of light are reflecting on waves in the river, Rocket to form indistinct water ripples by flower Jing so that whole cloth cover layout, one integrated mass;Under the shining of sunlight, booth Bridge reflects, and shows south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River charm fully, increases unlimited aesthetic feeling and innervation, allows people to enjoy oneself so much as to forget to go home, too beautiful to be absorbed all at once, seemingly places oneself in the midst of The south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, gives endless reverie.
Entirely in design, ground Jing is comprehensive using 1-2 page, and Selvage Stitch is comprehensive using 3-4 page, and Hua Jing is comprehensive using 5-16 page of Jing, uses many Arm mechanism knits the effect for making big jacquard weave, and production efficiency is much larger than jacquard, and production cost is then far below jacquard.
Fabric ground Jing has a light polyester filament using white 75D*2, and Hua Jing washs long filament synthetic fibre using blue 75D*2 is unglazed Silk.Polyester filament is selected as warp thread so that fabric feeling is smooth, strong, wear-resisting, and shape-retaining ability is good, quick-drying washable.Using cotton 9.7tex*2 is used as weft yarn so that fabric has the hygroscopicity of bafta, breathability, is equipped with high filling density, plays preferable anti-dew White effect.
Fabric specification:Total quantity of warps 7072, side yarn be 56*2,443/10cm of fabric end count, upper machine end count 417/ 10cm, 361/10cm of fabric filling density, upper 329/10cm of machine filling density, Jing crimps 9%, latitude crimp 5.8%, porter is:138 Tooth/10 centimetre, fabric fabric width is 159cm, and upper machine reed width is 169cm, white ground Jing and Regulation and Blue Flowers Jing 1:2 arrange, and Selvage Stitch is Jing galassings, fabric pegging plan is as shown in Figure 1.
(2) reeling
From RL399 type spoolers.Because polyester filament regain is little, reeling speed is unsuitable high, controls in 700m/min, Under square one, reeling speed only has 70% of cotton yarn or so, and reeling speed is high, easily produces electrostatic.Winding Tension control exists 12cn.During reeling, it should be noted that silk thread passage it is unimpeded, prevent long filament from fluffing.
(3) twisted filament
Twisted with the wool spinning frame of transformation.Generally, most of yarns and when twisting with the fingers, the twist is controlled in 3-7 Sth. made by twisting/cm, when this fabric is produced, the twist is 3 sth. made by twisting/cm, and spindle rotating speed is 4200r/min, twists with the fingers and is twisted with the fingers to S.The twist selects unsuitable big, twists with the fingers Degree is big, and the feel of fabric is harder, and the twist is little, fabric sofetening, affects the outward appearance of fabric.
(4) shape
Using QZD-1.8-1.5 vacuum shaping box.Shape 256 every time, setting process is:Blister 30 minutes, steaming silk 100 Minute, 80 DEG C of setting temperature was wanted 24 hours after sizing, could be used to next procedure.Washing on same batch fabric Synthetic fibre long filament, it is desirable to shaped using same type of vacuum shaping box.
Setting temperature is unsuitable high, and the temperature high time is long, and yarn easily hardens, and fabric feel is poor;Setting temperature is low, and the time is short, Fixed effect is poor, easy running during warping.
(5) warping
From the long silk warpers of Japanese TW-N, speed of beaming is set as:300m/min, warping single yarn tension is 22CN.Adopt Use less speed of beaming, tension in Warping less than normal.There is following reason:1. the elasticity of organizine is kept, reduces tension in Warping Fluctuation;2. once producing broken end, because speed of beaming is slow, the end of a thread will not be involved in warp beam, be conducive to improving warp quality;3. Do not allow to be also easy to produce electrostatic;4. organizine smoother, speed of beaming is fast, and organizine is easily slipped together, affects warp quality.
Dacron thread easily fluffs, and during warping, organizine passage must be smooth, prevents polyester filament from fluffing.
Bobbin cradle capacity is 1200, and white 75D*2 strands 2320, Side End Number is 112,3 axles is processed into, with axle For:811*2+810*1 blueness 75D*2 strands 4640, warping is with axle into 4 axles:1160*4.
And axle (6)
Using XB150 warp rebeaming machines, and axle speed is 100m/min.
(7) pass
Subregion is gaited, and is worn long whitely comprehensive at 1-2 page, side yarn wear 3-4 page it is comprehensive, Regulation and Blue Flowers wear long comprehensive at 5-16 page.
White body warp interleaving degress is more, and shedding frequently, is through proparea, is beneficial to shed open clear;On per page of Hua Jing Radical is less, and shedding number of times is few, and shed open is easily clear, is through back zone.Warp Tension Test is 1 white 2 blue, is entered per reed 3.
Gait and be divided into five sections:
First paragraph is gaited area:
1,9,9,2,9,9,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,13,13, 2,13,13,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,15,15,2,16,16,1,15,15,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,13,13,1,13, 13, (2,12,12,1,12,12) * 3,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,15,15,1,16,16,2,15, 15,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,10,10,2, 10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9;First paragraph is gaited area, knits the double pavilions in the left side processed.
Second segment is gaited area:
1,8,8,2,8,8,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6,1,7, 7,2,7,7, (1,8,8,2,8,8) * 2,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6, 1,7,7,2,7,7, (1,8,8,2,8,8) * 2,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2, 6,6,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,8,8,2,8,8;Second segment is gaited area, knits left side stone arch bridge processed.
3rd section of area of gaiting:
1,9,9,2,9,9,1,9,9,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,11,11,2, 12,12,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,15, 15,2,16,16,1,15,15,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,12,12,1, 12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9,1, 9,9;3rd section of area of gaiting, the pavilion in the middle of the system of knitting.
4th section of area of gaiting:
2,8,8,1,8,8,2,7,7,1,7,7,2,6,6,1,6,6, (2,5,5,1,5,5) * 2,2,6,6,1,6,6,2,7, 7,1,7,7,2,8,8,1,8,8;4th section of area of gaiting, knits system the right arch bridge.
5th section of area of gaiting:
2,9,9,1,9,9,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,12,12,1,12,12,2,13,13, 1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,15,15,1,16,16,2,15,15,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13, 13,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9;5th gaits area, knits Make rightmost pavilion.
Entirely gait and be distinguished into five regions, according to customer requirement, can neatly adjust position or the width of regional, To reach different effects.
(8) weave
The selection of 1 loom
From the weaving of GA747 dobby machines.South of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula bunting, the effect with figurative jacquard, shedding rule Complexity, total used page 16 it is comprehensive, warp thread have ground Jing and Hua Jing point, flower pattern is complicated, and interleaving degress difference is larger, and shed open is not allowed It is easily clear;Warp thread is polyester filament, and speed is difficult soon, and speed is fast, easily produces electrostatic, causes filoplume to increase, and affects shed open clear It is clear.Reason of both more than comprehensive, should not be using the high speed loom system of knitting, therefore the GA747 from price only more than 20,000 yuan is knitted Woven system, speed and high speed jacquard loom are similar, and the price of a high speed jacquard loom needs more than 40 ten thousand yuan, can fully send out The potential of the loom is waved, profit maximization is reached.
2 twin shafts are weaved
Comprehensive using page 16 when this fabric knits processed, wherein 1-2 page comprehensive knitting makes ground Jing, and 1-2 page comprehensive for plain weave, interleaving degree Number is more, and shedding frequently, is placed on proparea, and 3-4 page comprehensive for Jing galassings, knits Selvage Stitch processed, and yarn radical is fewer, and warp beam winds Together, warp beam uses the original let-off mechanism of loom;Flower warp beam is comprehensive using 5-16 page, and flower Jing radicals are more, but shedding number of times It is few, therefore flower warp beam is mounted in back rest top, and using frictional force the warp let-off is controlled.
The selvedge and Side End Number of 3 fabrics
The selvedge of fabric, when making selvedge using plain weave, because tabby interleaving degress is more, forms in production process Cat in one's ear, uses basket weave instead, heald frame number not enough, after use Jing galassings instead and make selvedge, every heald wears 2 yarns, selvedge presentation side Flat style, selvedge is smooth.
Polyester filament surface is smooth, and frictional force is little, and ground Jing is poor to the control ability of weft yarn, and side latitude is easily produced when knitting processed The faults such as contracting, rotten side, to prevent fabric edge fault:1. Side End Number is increased, and side yarn uses 112;2. side warp thread uses cotton 9.7tex*2 strands, replace polyester filament operation to be side Jing, overcome while contracting, it is rotten while phenomenon.
4 early openings
280 ° of opening time.Warp thread has ground Jing and Hua Jing, and flower Jing tension force is little, and shed open is difficult clearly, therefore using early opening, Be conducive to shed open clear, it is favourable to wefting insertion.
5 move back the sword time
When fabrics in general knits processed, move back that the sword time is identical with opening time, polyester filament surface is smooth, to weft yarn controling power Difference, when filament yarn fabric knits processed, moves back sword time outline and is later than 5 ° of opening time, and by 280 ° 285 ° are postponed till, and opening time is constant, moves back Sword time retardation, after weft yarn is released, warp thread is greatly increased to the chucking power of weft yarn, prevents side looped weft fault.
6 evenings entered sword
80 ° are entered sword.Because flower pattern is complicated, shed open is difficult clearly, when sword head enters shed open, easily produces star and jumps fault.Postpone Enter the sword time to 80 ° so that shed open effective depth increases, it is to avoid generation star jumps fault.Entering the sword time can not be late again, enters sword Evening time, the arrow shaft speed of service is fast, and machine material loss can increase.
7 pairs of weft accumulator systems of knitting
Weft yarn only has 9.7tex*2 a kind of, and the system of knitting by a weft accumulator was only needed to originally, in actual production process, some Board Stoppage rate is higher, after use two weft accumulators instead, in turn for latitude, solve the problems, such as that Stoppage is high.Analyze it former Because being:During using a weft accumulator, the yarn number of turns stored on weft accumulator is few, and yarn storage drum may have little time to start when knitting processed, storage Weft yarn on yarn drum runs out, and causes broadwise to stop;The weft yarn stored on weft accumulator is more, on the one hand easily causes sluff-offs, another Aspect, weft yarn may be held down, and cause that to move back latitude not smooth, cause weft tension to fluctuate, and cause Stoppage.Use two weft accumulators instead Afterwards, two weft accumulators are according to 1:1 ratio, in turn for latitude, no longer needs to wind excessive yarn on yarn storage drum, can anti-anti-avulsion Latitude, is not result on yarn storage drum, due to few around yarn, to have little time to start again, and the upper weft yarn of yarn storage drum runs out and stops.Therefore it is single When weft yarn knits processed, it is preferred to use two weft accumulators supply in turn latitude.
The back rest in 8
When polyester filament is weaved, electrostatic is easily played, cause long filament fluffing, adhesion, cause opening unclear.Because shed open is difficult clearly It is clear, to prevent top line from causing opening unclear because tension force is little, back beam height is suitably reduced, top line tension force increases, The adhesion between yarn is reduced, is conducive to opening or cleaning shed open.Back beam height 90mm.
Tension force in 9
Ground Jing tension force is controlled by original let-off mechanism, because ground Jing radicals are fewer, is respectively matched somebody with somebody on the tension weight hammer stem of both sides Put the tension weight of a 2.5kg., via frictional force control, flower Jing radicals are more, but shedding is few, and frictional force wants control bigger than normal for flower.
10 humitures
Strict control workshop moisture temperature, at 23 DEG C -30 DEG C, relative humidity is controlled in 70%-75%, humidity temperature control It is little, electrostatic is easily played, cause ends sticking;Workshop high humidity, cotton yarn moisture absorption is more, and cotton yarn can produce adhesion.
South of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula decorative fabric in the present invention is a by type dobby shedding mechanism, knits and makes jacquard weave shedding mechanism effect The fabric of fruit, this set technique causes the technological process of production to simplify, and production efficiency is being improved greatly, during the system of knitting, due to Jing crimps Difference it is big, weaved using twin shaft, using technological measures such as " early opening, evening enter sword, the middle back rest, middle tension force " on weaving process, Ensure woven being smoothed out.Using more than 20,000 yuan of GA747 looms of investment, knit and make the big jacquard weave for needing more than 40 ten thousand yuan of funds Effect, and production efficiency is also higher than high speed jacquard machine, achieves huge economic benefit.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, and anyone can show that other are various under the enlightenment of the present invention The product of form, however, make any change in its shape or structure, it is every with skill identical or similar to the present application Art scheme, is within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of production technology of the decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula, it is characterised in that:Comprise the steps:(1) patterning design:
Fabric ground tissue has light polyester filament as ground Jing by white 75D*2, and ground is organized as plain weave, forms the water surface;By blueness The unglazed polyester filaments of 75D*2 as flower Jing, rocketed the lobby waterside pavilion for being formed by Hua Jing, rises sheer from the water surface;Between lobby waterside pavilion Rocketed by Hua Jing, form blue arch bridge, lobby waterside pavilion is linked together;
(2) reeling:
From RL399 type spoolers, reeling speed is 700m/min, and Winding Tension is controlled in 12cn, reeling, it should be noted that silk thread Passage it is unimpeded, prevent long filament from fluffing;
(3) twisted filament:
Twisted with the wool spinning frame of transformation, the twist is 3 sth. made by twisting/cm, spindle rotating speed is 4200r/min, twists with the fingers and is twisted with the fingers to S;
(4) shape:
Using QZD-1.8-1.5 vacuum shaping box, shape 256 every time, setting process is:Blister 30 minutes, 100 points of steaming silk Clock, setting temperature is 80 DEG C, and after sizing 24 hours are spent, and can just carry out the production of next procedure;On same batch fabric Polyester filament, it is desirable to shaped using same type of vacuum shaping box;(5) warping:
From the long silk warpers of Japanese TW-N, speed of beaming is set as:300m/min, warping single yarn tension is 22CN;Bobbin cradle Capacity is 1200, and white 75D*2 strands 2320, Side End Number is 112, is processed into 3 axles, is with axle:811*2+810*1; Blue 75D*2 strands 4640, warping is with axle into 4 axles:1160*4;
And axle (6):
Using XB150 warp rebeaming machines, and axle speed is 100m/min;
(7) pass:
Subregion is gaited, and is worn long whitely comprehensive at 1-2 page, side yarn wear 3-4 page it is comprehensive, Regulation and Blue Flowers wear long comprehensive at 5-16 page;White ground Jing Yarn interleaving degress is more, and shedding frequently, is through proparea, is beneficial to shed open clear;Radical on per page of Hua Jing is less, shedding number of times Few, shed open is easily clear, is through back zone;Warp Tension Test is 1 white 2 blue, is entered per reed 3;
Gait and be divided into five sections:
First paragraph is gaited area:
1,9,9,2,9,9,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,13,13,2,13, 13,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,15,15,2,16,16,1,15,15,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,13,13,1,13,13, (2,12,12,1,12,12) * 3,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,15,15,1,16,16,2,15,15, 1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,10,10,2,10, 10,1,9,9,2,9,9;First paragraph is gaited area, knits the double pavilions in the left side processed;
Second segment is gaited area:
1,8,8,2,8,8,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6,1,7,7,2, 7,7, (1,8,8,2,8,8) * 2,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6,1,7, 7,2,7,7, (1,8,8,2,8,8) * 2,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6, 1,7,7,2,7,7,1,8,8,2,8,8;Second segment is gaited area, knits left side stone arch bridge processed;
3rd section of area of gaiting:
1,9,9,2,9,9,1,9,9,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,12, 12,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,15,15, 2,16,16,1,15,15,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,12,12,1,12, 12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9,1,9,9; 3rd section of area of gaiting, the pavilion in the middle of the system of knitting;
4th section of area of gaiting:
2,8,8,1,8,8,2,7,7,1,7,7,2,6,6,1,6,6, (2,5,5,1,5,5) * 2,2,6,6,1,6,6,2,7,7,1, 7,7,2,8,8,1,8,8;4th section of area of gaiting, knits system the right arch bridge;
5th section of area of gaiting:
2,9,9,1,9,9,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,12,12,1,12,12,2,13,13,1,13, 13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,15,15,1,16,16,2,15,15,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1, 12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9;5th gaits area, and the system of knitting is most right The pavilion on side;
Entirely gait and be distinguished into five regions, position or the width of regional according to customer requirement, can be neatly adjusted, to reach To different effects;
(8) weave:
The selection of loom:From the weaving of GA747 looms, formula bunting in the south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River processed is knitted, the effect with figurative jacquard is carried Comprehensive rule is complicated, amounts to comprehensive using page 16;
Twin shaft is weaved:Comprehensive using page 16 when this fabric knits processed, wherein 1-2 page comprehensive knitting makes ground Jing, and 1-2 page comprehensive for plain weave, friendship Knit often, shedding frequently, is placed on proparea, 3-4 page comprehensive for Jing galassings, knits Selvage Stitch processed, and yarn radical is fewer, and warp beam Together, warp beam uses the original let-off mechanism of loom to winding;Flower warp beam is comprehensive using 5-16 page, and flower Jing radicals are more, but shedding Number of times is few, therefore flower warp beam is mounted in back rest top, and using frictional force the warp let-off is controlled;
The selvedge and Side End Number of fabric:The selvedge of fabric, when making selvedge using plain weave, with Jing galassings selvedge, every heald is made 2 yarns are worn, the flat style in selvedge presentation side, selvedge is smooth;To prevent fabric edge fault:Increase Side End Number, side yarn uses 112 Root;While warp thread using cotton 9.7tex*2 strands for while Jing, overcome while contracting, it is rotten while phenomenon;
Early opening:Opening time is 280 °, and warp thread has ground Jing and Hua Jing, and flower Jing tension force is little, and shed open is difficult clearly, therefore using early Opening, is conducive to shed open clear, favourable to wefting insertion;
Move back the sword time:When fabrics in general knits processed, move back that the sword time is identical with opening time, polyester filament surface is smooth, to weft yarn control Power processed is poor, when filament yarn fabric knits processed, moves back sword time outline and is later than 5 ° of opening time, and by 280 ° 285 ° are postponed till, and opening time is not Become, move back sword time retardation, after weft yarn is released, warp thread is greatly increased to the chucking power of weft yarn, prevents side looped weft fault;
Evening enters sword:80 ° are entered sword, and because flower pattern is complicated, shed open is difficult clearly, when sword head enters shed open, are easily produced star and are jumped fault, are pushed away Enter the sword time late to 80 ° so that shed open effective depth increases, it is to avoid generation star jumps fault, enter the sword time can not evening again, enter Evening sword time, the arrow shaft speed of service is fast, and machine material loss can increase;
Double weft accumulators system of knitting:Two weft accumulators are according to 1:1 ratio, in turn for latitude, no longer needs winding excessive on yarn storage drum Yarn, can prevent sluff-offs, be not result on yarn storage drum, due to few around yarn, to have little time to start again, and the upper weft yarn of yarn storage drum runs out And the problem stopped, therefore single weft yarn is when knitting processed, and using two weft accumulators latitude is supplied in turn;
The middle back rest:When polyester filament is weaved, electrostatic is easily played, cause long filament fluffing, adhesion, cause opening unclear, due to shed open not It is easily clear, to prevent top line from causing opening unclear because tension force is little, back beam height is suitably reduced, top line tension force increases Plus, the adhesion between yarn is reduced, be conducive to opening or cleaning shed open, therefore, back beam height is set to 90mm;
Middle tension force:Ground Jing tension force is controlled by original let-off mechanism, due to ground Jing radicals it is fewer, it is each on the tension weight hammer stem of both sides The tension weight of one 2.5kg of configuration;
Humiture:Strict control workshop moisture temperature, at 23 DEG C -30 DEG C, relative humidity is controlled in 70%-75% temperature control.
2. the production technology of the decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Fabric specification: Total quantity of warps 7072, side yarn be 56*2,443/10cm of fabric end count, upper 417/10cm of machine end count, fabric filling density 361 Root/10cm, upper 329/10cm of machine filling density, Jing crimps 9%, latitude crimp 5.8%, porter is:138 tooth/10 centimetre, fabric fabric width For 159cm, upper machine reed width is 169cm, white ground Jing and Regulation and Blue Flowers Jing 1:2 arrangements, Selvage Stitch is Jing galassings.
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