CN106592065B - A kind of production technology of the decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula - Google Patents

A kind of production technology of the decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106592065B
CN106592065B CN201611096639.XA CN201611096639A CN106592065B CN 106592065 B CN106592065 B CN 106592065B CN 201611096639 A CN201611096639 A CN 201611096639A CN 106592065 B CN106592065 B CN 106592065B
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yarn
fabric
warp
tension
comprehensive
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CN106592065A (en
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周祥
杨艺
瞿建新
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Nantong Textile Vocational Technology College
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Nantong Textile Vocational Technology College
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D21/00Lappet- or swivel-woven fabrics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03CSHEDDING MECHANISMS; PATTERN CARDS OR CHAINS; PUNCHING OF CARDS; DESIGNING PATTERNS
    • D03C1/00Dobbies
    • D03C1/14Features common to dobbies of different types
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D13/00Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft
    • D03D13/004Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft with weave pattern being non-standard or providing special effects
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D13/00Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft
    • D03D13/008Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft characterised by weave density or surface weight
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/50Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the properties of the yarns or threads
    • D03D15/54Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the properties of the yarns or threads coloured
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of production technologies of the decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula, include the following steps: patterning design;Reeling;Twisted filament;Sizing;Warping;And axis;Drawing-in;Weaving.South of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula decorative fabric in the present invention is a by type dobby shedding mechanism, weave out the fabric of jacquard weave shedding mechanism effect, this set technique simplifies the technological process of production, high production efficiency, during weaving, since the difference through crimp is big, weaved using twin shaft, using technological measures such as " being early open, late into sword, the middle back rest, middle tension " on weaving process, guarantee woven goes on smoothly.

Description

A kind of production technology of the decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula
Technical field
The invention belongs to weaving fields of weaving, and in particular to a kind of production technology of the decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula.
Background technique
The fabric of drapery, fabric surface, which often all emerges, the very strong large-scale pattern of three-dimensional sense, and pattern tissue is complicated, More demanding to the loom of production decorative fabric, loom needs to configure high-velocity electrons jacquard weave shedding mechanism, technique long processing time, High production cost, added value of product are also high.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: in order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of decorative fabrics of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula Production technology.With dobby machine, the effect that jacquard loom can just weave out is woven out, woven process flow is simplified, mentions High production efficiency, bigger profit margin is obtained for enterprise.
Technical solution: a kind of production technology of the decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula includes the following steps:
(1) patterning design:
It organizes to fabric to be passed through with being used as by the bright-polyester synthetic fibre long filament of white 75D*2, ground tissue is plain weave, forms the water surface;By As flower warp, You Huajing's unglazed polyester filament of 75D*2 of blue rockets the lobby waterside pavilion to be formed, and rises sheer from the water surface;Lobby waterside pavilion Between rocketed by flower, form blue arch bridge, lobby waterside pavilion linked together;
(2) reeling:
RL399 type spooler is selected, reeling speed is 700m/min, and Winding Tension is controlled in 12cn, reeling, it should be noted that Silk thread channel it is unimpeded, prevent long filament from fluffing;
(3) twisted filament:
It is twisted with the wool spinning frame of transformation, the twist is 3 twirls/cm, and spindle revolving speed is 4200r/min, and orientation S is twisted;
(4) it is formed:
Use QZD-1.8-1.5 vacuum shaping box, every time sizing 256, setting process are as follows: bubble 30 minutes, steaming silk 100 Minute, setting temperature is 80 DEG C, spends 24 hours after sizing, carries out next procedure;With the polyester filament on same batch fabric, It is required that being formed using same type of vacuum shaping box;
(5) warping:
Select Japan's TW-N long silk warper, speed of beaming setting are as follows: 300m/min, warping single yarn tension are 22CN;Cylinder Subrack capacity is 1200, white 75D*2 strand 2320, and Side End Number is 112, is processed into 3 axis, matches axis are as follows: 811*2+ 810*1 blue 75D*2 strand 4640, warping match axis are as follows: 1160*4 at 4 axis;
(6) and axis:
Using XB150 warp rebeaming machine, and axle speed is 100m/min;
(7) drawing-in:
Subregion is gaited, white ground be through 1-2 pages it is comprehensive, side yarn wear 3-4 pages it is comprehensive, Regulation and Blue Flowers be through 5-16 pages it is comprehensive;White Body warp interleaving degress is more, and shedding is frequent, is through proparea, so that shed open is clear;Radical on every page of Hua Jing is less, shedding Number is few, and shed open is easily clear, is through back zone;Warp Tension Test is 1 white 2 blue, and every reed 3 enters;
It gaits and is divided into five sections:
First segment is gaited area:
1,9,9,2,9,9,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,13,13, 2,13,13,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,15,15,2,16,16,1,15,15,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,13,13,1,13, 13, (2,12,12,1,12,12) * 3,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,15,15,1,16,16,2,15, 15,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,10,10,2, 10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9;First segment is gaited area, and the double pavilions in the left side are woven;
Second segment is gaited area:
1,8,8,2,8,8,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6,1,7, 7,2,7,7, (1,8,8,2,8,8) * 2,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6, 1,7,7,2,7,7, (1,8,8,2,8,8) * 2,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2, 6,6,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,8,8,2,8,8;Second segment is gaited area, and left side stone arch bridge is woven;
Third section is gaited area:
1,9,9,2,9,9,1,9,9,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,11,11,2, 12,12,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,15, 15,2,16,16,1,15,15,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,12,12,1, 12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9,1, 9,9;Third section is gaited area, and intermediate pavilion is woven;
4th section of area of gaiting:
2,8,8,1,8,8,2,7,7,1,7,7,2,6,6,1,6,6, (2,5,5,1,5,5) * 2,2,6,6,1,6,6,2,7, 7,1,7,7,2,8,8,1,8,8;4th section of area of gaiting weaves the right arch bridge;
5th section of area of gaiting:
2,9,9,1,9,9,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,12,12,1,12,12,2,13,13, 1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,15,15,1,16,16,2,15,15,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13, 13,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9;5th gaits area, knits The pavilion of rightmost processed;
It entirely gaits and is distinguished into five regions, according to customer requirement, can neatly adjust the position or width of each region, It is different to achieve the effect that;
(8) it weaves:
The selection of loom: selecting the weaving of GA747 loom, weave south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula bunting, the effect with figurative jacquard Fruit, shedding rule is complicated, amounts to comprehensive using page 16;
Twin shaft weaving: it is comprehensive using page 16 when this fabric weaves, wherein 1-2 page it is comprehensive pass through with weaving, 1-2 pages is comprehensive for plain weave group It knits, interleaving degress is more, and shedding is frequent, is placed on proparea, and it is to weave side texture through galassing that 3-4 pages is comprehensive, and yarn radical is fewer, and Warp beam is wound together, and warp beam uses the original let-off mechanism of loom;Flower warp beam is comprehensive using 5-16 pages, and flower is more through radical, But shedding number is few, therefore flower warp beam controls the warp let-off using frictional force above the back rest;
The selvedge and Side End Number of fabric: the selvedge of fabric, when making selvedge using plain weave, selvedge cat easy to form in one's ear, After use instead and make selvedge through galassing, every heald wears 2 yarns, the flat style in selvedge presentation side, and selvedge is smooth;To prevent fabric edge defect Point: increasing Side End Number, and side yarn uses 112;Side warp thread using cotton 9.7tex*2 strand be Bian Jing, overcome while contracting, it is rotten while show As;
Early opening: opening time is 280 °, and warp thread passes through with having and Hua Jing, and flower is small through tension, and shed open is not easy clearly, therefore is made With early opening, it is clear to be conducive to shed open, advantageous to wefting insertion;
It moves back the sword time: when fabrics in general weaves, moving back that the sword time is identical as opening time, and polyester filament surface is smooth, to latitude Yarn control force is poor, when filament yarn fabric weaves, moves back sword time outline and is later than 5 ° of opening time, postpones till 285 ° by 280 °, when opening Between it is constant, move back sword time retardation, after weft yarn is released, warp thread greatly increases the chucking power of weft yarn, prevents side looped weft fault;
Evening is into sword: 80 ° into sword, due to flower pattern complexity, shed open is not easy clearly, when sword head is into shed open, is easy to produce star jump defect Point is postponed into the sword time to 80 °, so that shed open effective height increases, is avoided and is generated star jump fault, can not be again into the sword time In evening, into evening sword time, the arrow shaft speed of service is fast, and machine material loss will increase;
Double weft accumulators weave: two weft accumulators are according to the ratio of 1:1, and in turn for latitude, yarn storage, which is roused, no longer to be needed to wind More yarns, can prevent sluff-offs and to will lead to yarn storage drum upper due to few around yarn, have little time to start, yarn storage drum goes up weft yarn quilt The problem of being finished and stopping, therefore when single weft yarn weaves, using two weft accumulators in turn for latitude;
The middle back rest: when polyester filament is weaved, easily playing electrostatic, leads to long filament fluffing, adhesion, causes to be open unclear, due to shuttle It is clear that mouth is not easy, for prevent top line due to tension is small and it is unclear to cause to be open, appropriate reduction back beam height, top line Power increases, and reduces the adhesion between yarn, is conducive to opening or cleaning shed open, therefore, back beam height is set as 90mm;
Middle tension: ground is controlled through tension by original let-off mechanism, since ground is fewer through radical, two sides tension weight hammer stem The tension weight of one 2.5kg of upper each configuration;
Temperature and humidity: strict control workshop moisture temperature, at 23 DEG C -30 DEG C, relative humidity is controlled in 70%- for temperature control 75%.
As optimization: fabric specification: total quantity of warps 7072, side yarn is 56*2, and fabric is through close 443/10cm, upper machine warp Close 417/10cm, 361/10cm of fabric filling density, 329/10cm of weft density on machine, through crimp 9%, latitude crimp 5.8%, porter Are as follows: 138 tooth/10 centimetre, fabric breadth are 159cm, and upper machine reed width is 169cm, are arranged whitely with Regulation and Blue Flowers through 1 ︰ 2, side Tissue is through galassing.
The utility model has the advantages that the south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula decorative fabric in the present invention is a by type dobby shedding mechanism, jacquard weave is woven out The fabric of shedding mechanism effect, this set technique simplify the technological process of production, and production efficiency is improved, during weaving, It since the difference through crimp is big, is weaved using twin shaft, using " being early open, late into sword, the middle back rest, middle tension " etc. on weaving process Technological measure guarantees woven go on smoothly.
For the present invention by exploitation south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula decorative fabric, the front of fabric emerges the beautiful scenery of the south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River out, lake-light Inverted image, lobby waterside pavilion is intermediate to be connected with bridge, gives endless reverie.Be in place of the most successful of this fabric development: fabric is It is woven by GA747 loom, by the GA747 loom of 2 Wan Duoyuan of investment, weaves out the big jacquard loom for needing more than 40 ten thousand yuan of funds, The effect that can just weave, and production procedure is short, efficiency is higher than big jacquard loom, brings huge economic benefit to enterprise.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is fabric card schematic diagram of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further explained in the light of specific embodiments.
Specific embodiment
The technological process of production of the invention is as follows: patterning design, reeling, twisted filament, sizing, warping and axis, drawing-in, weaving. Concrete operations are as follows:
(1) patterning design
Organize to fabric in the present invention bright-polyester synthetic fibre long filament by white 75D*2 as pass through, ground tissue is plain weave, shape At the water surface;By the unglazed polyester filament of 75D*2 of blue as flower warp, You Huajing rockets the lobby waterside pavilion to be formed, and rises sheer from the water surface; It is rocketed between lobby waterside pavilion by flower, forms blue arch bridge, lobby waterside pavilion is linked together;On the water surface that gleams of light are reflecting on waves in the river, Indistinct water ripples are formed through rocketing by flower, so that entire cloth cover layout, one integrated mass;Under the shining of sunlight, pavilion Bridge reflects, and shows south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River charm fully, increases unlimited aesthetic feeling and innervation, people is allowed to enjoy oneself so much as to forget to go home, too beautiful to be absorbed all at once, seemingly places oneself in the midst of The south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River gives endless reverie.
In entire design, ground used 1-2 page it is comprehensive, side texture is comprehensive using 3-4 pages, colored to be used 5-16 pages through comprehensive, with more Arm mechanism weaves out the effect of big jacquard weave, and production efficiency is much larger than jacquard, and production cost is then far below jacquard.
The bright-polyester synthetic fibre long filament of white 75D*2 is used to fabric, flower is through using the 75D*2 of blue is unglazed to wash long filament synthetic fibre Silk.Select polyester filament as warp thread, so that fabric feeling is smooth, strong, wear-resisting, shape-retaining ability is good, quick-drying washable.Use cotton 9.7tex*2 is equipped with high filling density so that fabric has hygroscopicity, the gas permeability of cotton fabric as weft yarn, plays preferable anti-dew White effect.
Fabric specification: total quantity of warps 7072, side yarn is 56*2, fabric through close 443/10cm, warp density on machine 417/ 10cm, 361/10cm of fabric filling density, 329/10cm of weft density on machine, through crimp 9%, latitude crimp 5.8%, porter are as follows: 138 Tooth/10 centimetre, fabric breadth are 159cm, and upper machine reed width is 169cm, are arranged whitely with Regulation and Blue Flowers through 1:2, side texture is Through galassing, fabric pegging plan is as shown in Figure 1.
(2) reeling
Select RL399 type spooler.Since polyester filament regain is small, reeling speed is unsuitable high, controls in 700m/min, Under square one, reeling speed only has 70% of cotton yarn or so, and reeling speed is high, is easy to produce electrostatic.Winding Tension control exists 12cn.When reeling, it should be noted that silk thread channel it is unimpeded, prevent long filament from fluffing.
(3) twisted filament
It is twisted with the wool spinning frame of transformation.Under normal circumstances, most of yarns and when twisting, the twist is controlled in 3-7 Twirl/cm, when this fabric produces, the twist is 3 twirls/cm, and spindle revolving speed is 4200r/min, and orientation S is twisted.Twist selection is unsuitable big, twists Degree is big, and the feel of fabric is harder, and the twist is small, and soft fabric influences the appearance of fabric.
(4) it is formed
Use QZD-1.8-1.5 vacuum shaping box.Sizing 256 every time, setting process are as follows: bubble 30 minutes, steaming silk 100 Minute, it 80 DEG C of setting temperature, wanted after sizing 24 hours, could be used to next procedure.With washing on same batch fabric Synthetic fibre long filament, it is desirable that be formed using same type of vacuum shaping box.
Setting temperature is unsuitable high, and the temperature high time is long, and yarn easily hardens, and fabric hand feel is poor;Setting temperature is low, and the time is short, Fixed effect is poor, and running is easy when warping.
(5) warping
Select Japan's TW-N long silk warper, speed of beaming setting are as follows: 300m/min, warping single yarn tension are 22CN.It adopts With lesser speed of beaming, tension in Warping less than normal.Have following reason: 1. keep the elasticity of organizine, reduce tension in Warping Fluctuation;2., since speed of beaming is slow, the end of a thread will not be involved in warp beam once generating broken end, be conducive to improve warp quality;3. Do not allow easy to produce static electricity;4. organizine smoother, speed of beaming is fast, and organizine is easy to slip together, influences warp quality.
Dacron thread is easy fluffing, and when warping, organizine channel is had to smooth, prevents polyester filament from fluffing.
Bobbin cradle capacity is 1200, white 75D*2 strand 2320, and Side End Number is 112, is processed into 3 axis, matches axis Are as follows: 811*2+810*1 blue 75D*2 strand 4640, warping match axis are as follows: 1160*4 at 4 axis.
(6) and axis
Using XB150 warp rebeaming machine, and axle speed is 100m/min.
(7) drawing-in
Subregion is gaited, white ground be through 1-2 pages it is comprehensive, side yarn wear 3-4 pages it is comprehensive, Regulation and Blue Flowers be through 5-16 pages it is comprehensive.
White body warp interleaving degress is more, and shedding is frequent, is through proparea, so that shed open is clear;On every page of Hua Jing Radical is less, and shedding number is few, and shed open is easily clear, is through back zone.Warp Tension Test is 1 white 2 blue, and every reed 3 enters.
It gaits and is divided into five sections:
First segment is gaited area:
1,9,9,2,9,9,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,13,13, 2,13,13,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,15,15,2,16,16,1,15,15,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,13,13,1,13, 13, (2,12,12,1,12,12) * 3,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,15,15,1,16,16,2,15, 15,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,10,10,2, 10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9;First segment is gaited area, and the double pavilions in the left side are woven.
Second segment is gaited area:
1,8,8,2,8,8,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6,1,7, 7,2,7,7, (1,8,8,2,8,8) * 2,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6, 1,7,7,2,7,7, (1,8,8,2,8,8) * 2,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2, 6,6,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,8,8,2,8,8;Second segment is gaited area, and left side stone arch bridge is woven.
Third section is gaited area:
1,9,9,2,9,9,1,9,9,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,11,11,2, 12,12,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,15, 15,2,16,16,1,15,15,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,12,12,1, 12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9,1, 9,9;Third section is gaited area, and intermediate pavilion is woven.
4th section of area of gaiting:
2,8,8,1,8,8,2,7,7,1,7,7,2,6,6,1,6,6, (2,5,5,1,5,5) * 2,2,6,6,1,6,6,2,7, 7,1,7,7,2,8,8,1,8,8;4th section of area of gaiting weaves the right arch bridge.
5th section of area of gaiting:
2,9,9,1,9,9,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,12,12,1,12,12,2,13,13, 1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,15,15,1,16,16,2,15,15,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13, 13,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9;5th gaits area, knits The pavilion of rightmost processed.
It entirely gaits and is distinguished into five regions, according to customer requirement, can neatly adjust the position or width of each region, It is different to achieve the effect that.
(8) it weaves
The selection of 1 loom
Select the weaving of GA747 dobby machine.South of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula bunting has the effect of figurative jacquard, shedding rule Complexity, total used page 16 it is comprehensive, warp thread passes through and spends complicated through, flower pattern with being divided into, and interleaving degress difference is larger, and shed open is not allowed It is easily clear;Warp thread is polyester filament, and speed is not easy fastly, and speed is fast, is easy to produce electrostatic, and filoplume is caused to increase, and it is clear to influence shed open It is clear.In summary reason of both, should not be woven using high speed loom, therefore price is selected to only have the GA747 of 2 Wan Duoyuan to knit Woven system, speed and high speed jacquard loom are similar, and the price of a high speed jacquard loom needs more than 40 ten thousand yuan, can sufficiently send out The potential for waving this loom, reaches profit maximization.
The weaving of 2 twin shafts
It is comprehensive using page 16 when this fabric weaves, wherein 1-2 pages it is comprehensive pass through with weaving, 1-2 pages it is comprehensive be plain weave, interleaving degree Number is more, and shedding is frequent, is placed on proparea, it is to weave side texture, yarn radical is fewer and warp beam is wound through galassing that 3-4 pages comprehensive Together, warp beam uses the original let-off mechanism of loom;Flower warp beam is comprehensive using 5-16 pages, and flower is more through radical, but shedding number It is few, therefore flower warp beam controls the warp let-off using frictional force above the back rest.
The selvedge and Side End Number of 3 fabrics
The selvedge of fabric when making selvedge using plain weave, since tabby interleaving degress is more, is formed in production process Cat in one's ear, uses basket weave instead, and heald frame number is inadequate, after use instead and make selvedge through galassing, every heald wears 2 yarns, selvedge presentation side Flat style, selvedge are smooth.
Polyester filament surface is smooth, and frictional force is small, and it is poor to the control ability of weft yarn that ground is passed through, and side latitude is easy to produce when weaving The faults such as contracting, rotten side, to prevent fabric edge fault: 1. increase Side End Number, and side yarn uses 112;2. side warp thread uses cotton 9.7tex*2 strand is Bian Jing instead of polyester filament operation, overcomes phenomenon while contracting, rotten.
4 early openings
280 ° of opening time.Warp thread passes through with having and Hua Jing, and flower is small through tension, and shed open is not easy clearly, therefore is open using early, It is clear to be conducive to shed open, it is advantageous to wefting insertion.
5 move back the sword time
When fabrics in general weaves, move back that the sword time is identical as opening time, and polyester filament surface is smooth, to weft yarn control force Difference when filament yarn fabric weaves, moves back sword time outline and is later than 5 ° of opening time, postpone till 285 ° by 280 °, opening time is constant, moves back Sword time retardation, after weft yarn is released, warp thread greatly increases the chucking power of weft yarn, prevents side looped weft fault.
6 is late into sword
80 ° into sword.Due to flower pattern complexity, shed open is not easy clearly, when sword head is into shed open, is easy to produce star jump fault.It postpones Into the sword time to 80 °, so that shed open effective height increases, avoids and generate star jump fault.Can not be late again into the sword time, into sword In evening time, the arrow shaft speed of service is fast, and machine material loss will increase.
7 pairs of weft accumulators weave
Weft yarn only has 9.7tex*2 a kind of, only needs a weft accumulator that can weave originally, some in actual production process Board Stoppage rate is higher, after use two weft accumulators instead, in turn for latitude, solve the problems, such as that Stoppage is high.Analyze its original Because being: when using a weft accumulator, the yarn coil number stored on weft accumulator is few, and yarn storage drum may have little time to start when weaving, storage Weft yarn on yarn drum runs out, and broadwise is caused to stop;The weft yarn stored on weft accumulator is more, on the one hand be easy to cause sluff-offs, another Aspect, weft yarn may be held down, and it is unsmooth to cause to move back latitude, caused weft tension to fluctuate, caused Stoppage.Use two weft accumulators instead Afterwards, two weft accumulators are according to the ratio of 1:1, and in turn for latitude, yarn storage, which is roused, no longer to be needed to wind excessive yarn, can anti-anti-avulsion Latitude, but it is upper due to few around yarn not will lead to yarn storage drum, has little time to start, yarn storage drum goes up weft yarn and runs out and stop.Therefore single When weft yarn weaves, it is preferred to use two weft accumulators are in turn for latitude.
The back rest in 8
When polyester filament is weaved, electrostatic is easily played, leads to long filament fluffing, adhesion, causes to be open unclear.Since shed open is not easy clearly It is clear, for prevent top line due to tension is small and it is unclear to cause to be open, suitably reduction back beam height, top line tension increase, Reduce the adhesion between yarn, is conducive to opening or cleaning shed open.Back beam height 90mm.
Tension in 9
Ground is controlled through tension by original let-off mechanism, since ground is fewer through radical, is respectively matched on the tension weight hammer stem of two sides Set the tension weight of a 2.5kg.Flower is controlled via frictional force, and flower is more through radical, but shedding is few, and frictional force wants control bigger than normal.
10 temperature and humidity
Strict control workshop moisture temperature, at 23 DEG C -30 DEG C, relative humidity is controlled in 70%-75%, humidity for temperature control It is small, electrostatic is easily played, ends sticking is caused;Workshop humidity is big, and cotton yarn moisture absorption is more, and cotton yarn can generate adhesion.
South of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula decorative fabric in the present invention is a by type dobby shedding mechanism, weaves out jacquard weave shedding mechanism effect The fabric of fruit, this set technique simplify the technological process of production, and production efficiency is improving greatly, during weaving, due to through crimp Difference it is big, weaved using twin shaft, using technological measures such as " early openings, evening into sword, the middle back rest, middle tension " on weaving process, Guarantee woven go on smoothly.Using the GA747 loom of 2 Wan Duoyuan of investment, the big jacquard weave for needing more than 40 ten thousand yuan of funds is woven out Effect, and production efficiency is also higher than high speed jacquard machine, achieves huge economic benefit.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, anyone can show that other are various under the inspiration of the present invention The product of form, however, make any variation in its shape or structure, it is all that there is skill identical or similar to the present application Art scheme, is within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of production technology of the decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula, characterized by the following steps:
(1) patterning design:
It organizes to fabric to be passed through with being used as by the bright-polyester synthetic fibre long filament of white 75D*2, ground tissue is plain weave, forms the water surface;By blue The unglazed polyester filament of 75D*2 as flower warp, You Huajing rockets the lobby waterside pavilion to be formed, and rises sheer from the water surface;Between lobby waterside pavilion It is rocketed by flower, forms blue arch bridge, lobby waterside pavilion is linked together;
(2) reeling:
RL399 type spooler is selected, reeling speed is 700m/min, and Winding Tension is controlled in 12cN, reeling, it should be noted that silk thread Channel it is unimpeded, prevent long filament from fluffing;
(3) twisted filament:
It is twisted with the wool spinning frame of transformation, the twist is 3 twirls/cm, and spindle revolving speed is 4200r/min, and orientation S is twisted;
(4) it is formed:
Use QZD-1.8-1.5 vacuum shaping box, every time sizing 256, setting process are as follows: bubble 30 minutes, steaming silk 100 was divided Clock, setting temperature are 80 DEG C, spend 24 hours after sizing, just can be carried out the production of next procedure;With on same batch fabric Polyester filament, it is desirable that be formed using same type of vacuum shaping box;
(5) warping:
Select Japan's TW-N long silk warper, speed of beaming setting are as follows: 300m/min, warping single yarn tension are 22cN;Bobbin cradle Capacity is 1200, white 75D*2 strand 2320, and Side End Number is 112, is processed into 3 axis, matches axis are as follows: 811 * 2+810 Root * 1;Blue 75D*2 strand 4640, warping match axis are as follows: 1160 * 4 at 4 axis;
(6) and axis:
Using XB150 warp rebeaming machine, and axle speed is 100m/min;
(7) drawing-in:
Subregion is gaited, white ground be through 1-2 pages it is comprehensive, side yarn wear 3-4 pages it is comprehensive, Regulation and Blue Flowers be through 5-16 pages it is comprehensive;It passes through whitely Yarn interleaving degress is more, and shedding is frequent, is through proparea, so that shed open is clear;Radical on every page of Hua Jing is less, shedding number Few, shed open is easily clear, is through back zone;Warp Tension Test is 1 white 2 blue, and every reed 3 enters;
It gaits and is divided into five sections:
First segment is gaited area:
1,9,9,2,9,9,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,13,13,2,13, 13,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,15,15,2,16,16,1,15,15,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,13,13,1,13,13, (2,12,12,1,12,12) * 3,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,15,15,1,16,16,2,15,15, 1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,10,10,2,10, 10,1,9,9,2,9,9;First segment is gaited area, and the double pavilions in the left side are woven;
Second segment is gaited area:
1,8,8,2,8,8,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6,1,7,7,2, 7,7, (1,8,8,2,8,8) * 2,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6,1,7, 7,2,7,7, (1,8,8,2,8,8) * 2,1,7,7,2,7,7,1,6,6,2,6,6, (1,5,5,2,5,5) * 2,1,6,6,2,6,6, 1,7,7,2,7,7,1,8,8,2,8,8;Second segment is gaited area, and left side stone arch bridge is woven;
Third section is gaited area:
1,9,9,2,9,9,1,9,9,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,12, 12,1,12,12,2,12,12,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,15,15,2, 16,16,1,15,15,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1,13,13,2,12,12,1,12, 12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9,1,9,9; Third section is gaited area, and intermediate pavilion is woven;
4th section of area of gaiting:
2,8,8,1,8,8,2,7,7,1,7,7,2,6,6,1,6,6, (2,5,5,1,5,5) * 2,2,6,6,1,6,6,2,7,7,1, 7,7,2,8,8,1,8,8;4th section of area of gaiting weaves the right arch bridge;
5th section of area of gaiting:
2,9,9,1,9,9,2,10,10,1,10,10,2,11,11,1,11,11,2,12,12,1,12,12,2,13,13,1,13, 13,2,14,14,1,14,14,2,15,15,1,16,16,2,15,15,1,14,14,2,14,14,1,13,13,2,13,13,1, 12,12,2,12,12,1,11,11,2,11,11,1,10,10,2,10,10,1,9,9,2,9,9;5th section of area of gaiting, weaves most The pavilion on the right;
It entirely gaits and is distinguished into five regions, the position or width of each region according to customer requirement, can be neatly adjusted, to reach To different effects;
(8) it weaves:
The selection of loom: the weaving of GA747 loom is selected, south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula bunting is woven, has the effect of figurative jacquard, mention Comprehensive rule is complicated, amounts to comprehensive using page 16;
Twin shaft weaving: it is comprehensive using page 16 when this fabric weaves, wherein 1-2 page it is comprehensive pass through with weaving, 1-2 page is comprehensive for plain weave, friendship It knits often, shedding is frequent, is placed on proparea, and 3-4 pages comprehensive through galassing, to weave side texture, and yarn radical is fewer and warp beam Together, warp beam uses the original let-off mechanism of loom to winding;Flower warp beam is comprehensive using 5-16 pages, and flower is more through radical, but shedding Number is few, therefore flower warp beam controls the warp let-off using frictional force above the back rest;
The selvedge and Side End Number of fabric: the selvedge of fabric makees selvedge with through galassing, and every heald wears 2 yarns, selvedge presentation side Flat style, selvedge are smooth;To prevent fabric edge fault: increasing Side End Number, side yarn uses 112;Side warp thread uses cotton 9.7tex*2 strand is Bian Jing, overcomes phenomenon while contracting, rotten;
Early opening: opening time is 280 °, and warp thread passes through with having and Hua Jing, and flower is small through tension, and shed open is not easy clearly, therefore using early Opening, it is clear to be conducive to shed open, advantageous to wefting insertion;
Move back the sword time: polyester filament surface is smooth, poor to weft yarn control force, when filament yarn fabric weaves, moves back sword time outline and is later than 5 ° of opening time, 285 ° are postponed till by 280 °, opening time is constant, moves back sword time retardation, and after weft yarn is released, warp thread is to weft yarn Chucking power greatly increase, prevent side looped weft fault;
Evening is into sword: 80 ° into sword, due to flower pattern complexity, shed open is not easy clearly, when sword head is into shed open, is easy to produce star jump fault, is pushed away The Chi Jinjian time is to 80 °, so that shed open effective height increases, avoids and generates star jump fault, can not be late again into the sword time, into In evening sword time, the arrow shaft speed of service is fast, and material loss will increase;
Double weft accumulators weave: two weft accumulators no longer need to wind excessive in turn for latitude according to the ratio of 1:1 on yarn storage drum Yarn, can prevent sluff-offs and to will lead to yarn storage drum upper due to few around yarn, have little time to start, yarn storage drum goes up weft yarn and runs out And the problem of stopping, therefore when single weft yarn weaves, using two weft accumulators in turn for latitude;
The middle back rest: when polyester filament is weaved, easily playing electrostatic, leads to long filament fluffing, adhesion, causes to be open unclear, not due to shed open It is easily clear, for prevent top line due to tension is small and it is unclear to cause to be open, suitably reduction back beam height, top line tension increase Add, reduces the adhesion between yarn, be conducive to opening or cleaning shed open, therefore, back beam height is set as 90mm;
Middle tension: ground is controlled through tension by original let-off mechanism, each on the tension weight hammer stem of two sides since ground is fewer through radical Configure the tension weight of a 2.5kg;
Temperature and humidity: strict control workshop moisture temperature, at 23 DEG C -30 DEG C, relative humidity is controlled in 70%-75% for temperature control.
2. the production technology of the decorative fabric of south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River formula according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: fabric specification: Total quantity of warps 7072, side yarn is 56 * 2, and fabric is through close 443/10cm, 417/10cm of warp density on machine, fabric filling density 361 Root/10cm, 329/10cm of weft density on machine, through crimp 9%, latitude crimp 5.8%, porter are as follows: 138 tooth/10 centimetre, fabric breadth For 159cm, upper machine reed width is 169cm, is arranged whitely with Regulation and Blue Flowers through 1:2, and side texture is through galassing.
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