CN106545111A - For the prefabricated constructional column at body of wall external corner, rammed earth wall construction and its construction method - Google Patents

For the prefabricated constructional column at body of wall external corner, rammed earth wall construction and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106545111A
CN106545111A CN201710038534.7A CN201710038534A CN106545111A CN 106545111 A CN106545111 A CN 106545111A CN 201710038534 A CN201710038534 A CN 201710038534A CN 106545111 A CN106545111 A CN 106545111A
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China
Prior art keywords
wall
constructional column
prefabricated
prefabricated constructional
foundation ring
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CN201710038534.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨新磊
职智菊
张建新
王海良
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Tianjin Chengjian University
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Tianjin Chengjian University
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Priority to CN201710038534.7A priority Critical patent/CN106545111A/en
Publication of CN106545111A publication Critical patent/CN106545111A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/64Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of concrete
    • E04B2/66Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of concrete characterised by special cross-section of the elongated members

Abstract

For the prefabricated constructional column at body of wall external corner, rammed earth wall construction and its construction method, prefabricated constructional column is the prefabricated reinforced concrete structure being made up of L-type columnar part and header portion, two composition sides of L-type columnar part are provided with multiple drawknot ring installing holes, and L-type columnar part is made up of outer casting concrete and built-in framework of steel reinforcement;End plate is welded with the lower end of built-in framework of steel reinforcement, and multiple reserved connecting holes are disposed with end plate;Rammed earth wall construction, it is made up of the body of wall for being embedded in underground foundation ring girder He be arranged on above the ground, the prefabricated constructional column that body of wall includes rammed earth main part and is arranged at body of wall each external corner, is connected with multiple tracks tension rib between the prefabricated constructional column at the same face body of wall two ends;Construction method is:S1 pours prefabricated constructional column in advance;S2 pours foundation ring girder;S3 installs prefabricated constructional column on foundation ring girder;S4 building bodies of wall.Prefabricated constructional column serves protective effect to body of wall external corner, and rammed earth wall construction has preferable globality and durability.

Description

For the prefabricated constructional column at body of wall external corner, rammed earth wall construction and its construction method
Technical field
The invention belongs to construction wall construction applications, more particularly to for the prefabricated constructional column at body of wall external corner, adopting should The rammed earth wall construction and the construction method of loam wall of constructional column.
Background technology
One of principal mode as traditional earth building, loam wall structural building is in western China using more wide It is general, with characteristic where distinctness and national characters, it is full of dense regional history and cultural spirit.Loam wall structural building because For draw materials conveniently, it is cheap, get close to nature, energy saving, insulation the advantages of extensively welcome.In order to improve rammed earth The globality of wall and anti-seismic performance it is domestic frequently with method be that pin is set in house corner and longitudinal cross wall junction, in body of wall Horizontal batten or Plant fiber are set, but this anti-seismic performance and durability to raising loam wall is not notable, while this certainly will The destruction of the felling and ecological environment of trees can be caused.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of prefabricated structure at body of wall external corner to solve technical problem present in known technology Post, rammed earth wall construction and its construction method are made, prefabricated constructional column can be prevented effectively from body of wall external corner and be destroyed, and can improve body of wall external corner The anti-ability of colliding with;Rammed earth wall construction has higher level shear capacity, globality, anti-seismic performance and durability.
The present invention is adopted the technical scheme that by solving technical problem present in known technology:
For the prefabricated constructional column at body of wall external corner, it is characterised in that:Prefabricated constructional column is prefabricated reinforced concrete structure, Which includes L-type columnar part and is arranged on the header portion composition of L-type columnar part lower end, and L-type columnar part is mixed by pouring outward Solidifying native and built-in framework of steel reinforcement is constituted, and the multiple drawings arranged by spacing up and down are equipped with two composition sides of L-type columnar part Knot ring installing hole;Main reinforcement and be fixed on six roots of sensation main reinforcement along the vertical direction that the built-in framework of steel reinforcement is uprightly arranged by the six roots of sensation On multilamellar lateral tie constitute, six roots of sensation main reinforcement is arranged in six corner locations of L-type columnar part;The end plate by Steel plate is made, and end plate is welded with the lower end of built-in framework of steel reinforcement, is disposed with positioned at L-type columnar part periphery multiple pre- on end plate Stay connecting hole.
Preferably:Header portion adopts square plate structure, and the prefabricated connecting hole on end plate is four, four prefabricated connections Pore size distribution is in four corner parts of end plate.
Rammed earth wall construction, it is characterised in that:By being embedded in underground foundation ring girder and be arranged on body of wall above the ground Constitute;The prefabricated constructional column that body of wall includes rammed earth main part and is arranged at body of wall each external corner, the prefabricated constructional column are adopted With above-mentioned prefabricated constructional column structure, two lateral surface of the L-type columnar part of prefabricated constructional column are crossed to form the external corner of body of wall, It is mounted on a drawknot ring in each tension member installing hole on prefabricated constructional column, the same face body of wall be located at two ends two are prefabricated Constructional column forms connection by the multiple tracks tension rib being connected between drawknot ring, and multiple tracks tension rib is in be arranged in parallel up and down;In base On plinth collar tie beam, position corresponding with every place's prefabricated constructional column is embedded with multiple connecting bolts, and multiple connecting bolts are prefabricated with corresponding Multiple reserved connecting hole on the end plate of constructional column forms one by one and installs connection, and makes prefabricated constructional column and base by locking nut Plinth collar tie beam forms a fixed connection.
Loam wall construction method, it is characterised in that including following construction procedure:
S1 pours prefabricated constructional column in advance, and prefabricated constructional column adopts the prefabricated constructional column structure described in claim 1 or 2, The height of prefabricated constructional column is consistent with the setting height of body of wall:
S2 pours foundation ring girder:Foundation pit is first dug, the framework of steel reinforcement structure of foundation ring girder is then arranged in foundation pit, so Supporting foundation ring girder template afterwards, after foundation ring girder template support is good, first in the location arrangements the bolt that is located by connecting of setting, so After-pouring concrete, it is concrete curing after, framework of steel reinforcement and concrete basis of formation collar tie beam, and the position set on foundation ring girder Pre-buried good connecting bolt is put, foundation ring girder template is then removed;
S3 installs prefabricated constructional column on foundation ring girder:A prefabricated construction is arranged in each setting external angle position of body of wall Post, the reserved connecting hole in the header portion of prefabricated constructional column are formed with the connecting bolt of foundation ring girder correspondence position and are installed one by one Connection, and prefabricated constructional column is fixed on foundation ring girder by locking nut.
S4 building bodies of wall:First-selected supporting wall form, after wall form supporting is good, by the way of layering from the bottom to top Building body of wall, then removes wall form successively;During building body of wall, draw in every building to prefabricated constructional column During knot ring position of mounting hole, a drawknot is fixed respectively in the drawknot ring installing hole on multiple prefabricated constructional columns of sustained height Ring, then connects tension rib between the drawknot ring positioned at two ends of the same face body of wall, makes multiple prefabricated constructions by tension rib Post connects into an entirety.
The present invention has the advantages and positive effects that:
1st, this prefabricated constructional column adopts prefabricated reinforced concrete structure, is placed on the external angle position of body of wall, L-type trunk portion Two lateral surface being divided to are crossed to form the external corner of body of wall, compared to existing directly with rammed earth forming external corner, can increase substantially wall The anti-ability of colliding with of body external corner, so as to the external corner that can be prevented effectively from body of wall is destroyed, with preferable durability and corrosion-resistant energy Power.
2nd, pillar structure of this rammed earth wall construction in the external corner setting prefabricated reinforced concrete structure of body of wall, prefabricated construction The multiple tracks tension rib arranged up and down is set between post, so, good effect of contraction is played to loam wall.The rammed earth wall construction phase Than with existing pure rammed earth wall construction, obtain at aspects such as level shear capacity, globality, anti-seismic performance and durability It is greatly improved.
3rd, this loam wall construction method, it is ensured that the construction quality of rammed earth wall construction.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of prefabricated constructional column of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the connection diagram of the built-in framework of steel reinforcement with header portion of prefabricated constructional column of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the dimensional structure diagram of rammed earth wall construction of the present invention;
Fig. 4 be Fig. 3 be prefabricated constructional column, drawknot ring and tension rib connection close-up schematic view.
In figure:1st, L-type columnar part;1-1, outer casting concrete;1-1-1, drawknot ring installing hole;1-2, built-in reinforcing bar Frame;1-2-1, main reinforcement;1-2-2, lateral tie;2nd, header portion;2-1, prefabricated connecting hole;1, foundation ring girder;2, body of wall; 2-1, rammed earth main part;2-2, drawknot ring;2-2-1, shank of bolt part;2-2-2, connection ring part;2-3, drawknot Muscle;3, connecting bolt.
Specific embodiment
For the content of the invention, feature and effect of the present invention can be further appreciated that, following examples are hereby enumerated, and coordinates accompanying drawing Describe in detail as follows:
For the prefabricated constructional column at body of wall external corner, Fig. 1-2 is referred to, prefabricated constructional column is tied for prefabricated reinforced concrete Structure, which includes L-type columnar part 1 and is arranged on the header portion 2 of L-type columnar part lower end constituting, and L-type columnar part is by pouring outward Build concrete 1-1 and built-in framework of steel reinforcement 1-2 to constitute, be equipped with up and down by spacing cloth on two composition sides of L-type columnar part The multiple drawknot ring installing hole 1-1-1 for putting.The built-in framework of steel reinforcement is by the upright main reinforcement 1-2-1 for arranging of the six roots of sensation and vertically Direction is fixed on the multilamellar lateral tie 1-2-2 on six roots of sensation main reinforcement and constitutes, and specifically, lateral tie is formed by six sections of reinforcing bars Closed type L-type structure, with a colligation is tied up on main reinforcement, six roots of sensation main reinforcement is arranged in L-type columnar part to lateral tie Six corner locations.The end plate is made up of steel plate, and end plate is welded with the lower end of built-in framework of steel reinforcement, and L-type is located on end plate Columnar part periphery is disposed with multiple reserved connecting hole 2-1.
In above-mentioned prefabricated constructional column, header portion preferably adopts square plate structure, and the prefabricated connecting hole on end plate is four Individual, four prefabricated connecting holes are distributed in four corner parts of end plate.
Rammed earth wall construction, refers to Fig. 3-4, by being embedded in underground foundation ring girder 1, and is arranged on wall above the ground Body 2, is constituted.Body of wall is mainly by rammed earth main part 2-1, and the prefabricated construction being arranged at body of wall each external corner is constituted.It is described Prefabricated constructional column adopts above-mentioned prefabricated constructional column structure, two lateral surface of the L-type columnar part of prefabricated constructional column to be crossed to form wall The external corner of body, is mounted on a drawknot ring 2-2 in each the tension member installing hole on prefabricated constructional column, specifically, drawknot ring By the shank of bolt part 2-2-1 being threaded onto in drawknot ring installing hole, and expose to the connection ring part 2- on the inside of L-type columnar part 2-2, is constituted, and drawknot ring is formed a fixed connection by the nut of shank of bolt part and cooperation and L-type columnar part.The same face body of wall Two prefabricated constructional columns positioned at two ends form connection, multiple tracks drawknot by the multiple tracks tension rib 2-3 being connected between drawknot ring Muscle in be arrangeding in parallel up and down, specifically, the two ends of per pass tension rib connection ring part shape respectively with the drawknot ring positioned at two ends Into being fixedly connected, the end of such as tension rib can be formed a fixed connection with connection ring part by way of winding.In basis circle Liang Shangyu often locates the corresponding position of prefabricated constructional column and is embedded with multiple connecting bolts 3, multiple connecting bolts and corresponding prefabricated structure Make the multiple reserved connecting hole on the end plate of post formed one by one install connection, and by locking nut make prefabricated constructional column with basis Collar tie beam forms a fixed connection, and specifically, the reserved connecting hole of correspondence of the connecting bolt from end plate is passed, and be pressed on end plate The locking nut connection at end, wherein locking nut is not illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
Loam wall construction method, including following construction procedure:
S1 pours prefabricated constructional column in advance, and prefabricated constructional column adopts above-mentioned prefabricated constructional column structure, prefabricated constructional column Height is consistent with the setting height of body of wall:
S2 pours foundation ring girder:Foundation pit is first dug, the framework of steel reinforcement structure of foundation ring girder is then arranged in foundation pit, so Supporting foundation ring girder template afterwards, after foundation ring girder template support is good, first in the location arrangements the bolt that is located by connecting of setting, so After-pouring concrete, it is concrete curing after, framework of steel reinforcement and concrete basis of formation collar tie beam, and the position set on foundation ring girder Pre-buried good connecting bolt is put, foundation ring girder template is then removed;
S3 installs prefabricated constructional column on foundation ring girder:A prefabricated construction is arranged in each setting external angle position of body of wall Post, the reserved connecting hole in the header portion of prefabricated constructional column are formed with the connecting bolt of foundation ring girder correspondence position and are installed one by one Connection, and prefabricated constructional column is fixed on foundation ring girder by locking nut.When fixing prefabricated constructional column on foundation ring girder, The corresponding side surface of the prefabricated constructional column at each face wall two ends for needing to ensure pre- building is in the same plane, to ensure follow-up wall During body building, the flatness of metope.
S4 building bodies of wall:First-selected supporting wall form, after wall form supporting is good, by the way of layering from the bottom to top Building body of wall successively, the concrete building process of body of wall are identical with the building process of existing loam wall, until building setting to body of wall Determine height and position, then remove wall form.During building body of wall, drawknot in every building to prefabricated constructional column During ring position of mounting hole, a drawknot ring is fixed respectively in the drawknot ring installing hole on multiple prefabricated constructional columns of sustained height, Then connect tension rib between the drawknot ring positioned at two ends of the same face body of wall, connect multiple prefabricated constructional columns by tension rib It is connected into an entirety.So, the globality after body of wall building molding can be increased substantially.
This rammed earth wall construction is a kind of composite wall body structure based on rammed earth, and which adopts prefabricated constructional column at external corner Structure, serves protective effect to external corner, is connected by tension rib, wall body structure is greatly improved between prefabricated constructional column The performance of the aspects such as globality, durability.

Claims (4)

1. the prefabricated constructional column being used at body of wall external corner, it is characterised in that:Prefabricated constructional column is prefabricated reinforced concrete structure, its Constitute including L-type columnar part and the header portion for being arranged on L-type columnar part lower end, L-type columnar part is by pouring outward coagulation Native and built-in framework of steel reinforcement is constituted, and the multiple drawknots arranged by spacing up and down are equipped with two composition sides of L-type columnar part Ring installing hole;Main reinforcement and be fixed on six roots of sensation main reinforcement along the vertical direction that the built-in framework of steel reinforcement is uprightly arranged by the six roots of sensation Multilamellar lateral tie constitute, six roots of sensation main reinforcement is arranged in six corner locations of L-type columnar part;The end plate is by steel Plate is made, and end plate is welded with the lower end of built-in framework of steel reinforcement, is disposed with positioned at L-type columnar part periphery multiple reserved on end plate Connecting hole.
2. the prefabricated constructional column at body of wall external corner according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Header portion employing side Shape steel plate structure, the prefabricated connecting hole on end plate are four, and four prefabricated connecting holes are distributed in four corner parts of end plate.
3. rammed earth wall construction, it is characterised in that:By being embedded in underground foundation ring girder and be arranged on wall body structure above the ground Into;The prefabricated constructional column that body of wall includes rammed earth main part and is arranged at body of wall each external corner, the prefabricated constructional column are adopted Prefabricated constructional column structure described in claim 1 or 2, two lateral surface of the L-type columnar part of prefabricated constructional column are crossed to form wall The external corner of body, is mounted on a drawknot ring in each the tension member installing hole on prefabricated constructional column, and the same face body of wall is located at two Two prefabricated constructional columns at end form connection by the multiple tracks tension rib being connected between drawknot ring, and multiple tracks tension rib is in put down up and down Row is arranged;On foundation ring girder, position corresponding with every place's prefabricated constructional column is embedded with multiple connecting bolts, multiple connection spiral shells Bolt is formed with the multiple reserved connecting hole on the end plate of corresponding prefabricated constructional column one by one and installs connection, and made by locking nut pre- Constructional column processed is formed a fixed connection with foundation ring girder.
4. loam wall construction method, it is characterised in that including following construction procedure:
S1 pours prefabricated constructional column in advance, and prefabricated constructional column is using the prefabricated constructional column structure described in claim 1 or 2, prefabricated The height of constructional column is consistent with the setting height of body of wall:
S2 pours foundation ring girder:Foundation pit is first dug, the framework of steel reinforcement structure of foundation ring girder, Ran Houzhi are then arranged in foundation pit Shield foundation ring girder template, after foundation ring girder template support is good, first in the location arrangements the bolt that is located by connecting of setting, then pours Build concrete, it is concrete curing after, framework of steel reinforcement and concrete basis of formation collar tie beam, and the position set on foundation ring girder is pre- Connecting bolt has been buried, foundation ring girder template has then been removed;
S3 installs prefabricated constructional column on foundation ring girder:A prefabricated constructional column is arranged in each setting external angle position of body of wall, Reserved connecting hole in the header portion of prefabricated constructional column forms the company of installing one by one with the connecting bolt of foundation ring girder correspondence position Connect, and prefabricated constructional column is fixed on foundation ring girder by locking nut;
S4 building bodies of wall:First-selected supporting wall form, after wall form supporting is good, by the way of layering from the bottom to top successively Building body of wall, then removes wall form;During building body of wall, drawknot ring in every building to prefabricated constructional column During position of mounting hole, a drawknot ring is fixed respectively in the drawknot ring installing hole on multiple prefabricated constructional columns of sustained height, so Connect tension rib between the drawknot ring positioned at two ends of the same face body of wall afterwards, multiple prefabricated constructional column connections are made by tension rib Into an entirety.
CN201710038534.7A 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 For the prefabricated constructional column at body of wall external corner, rammed earth wall construction and its construction method Pending CN106545111A (en)

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CN107217755A (en) * 2017-08-09 2017-09-29 新疆凯乐新材料有限公司 Self-insulating brick passive type architectural construction constructing structure and method
CN113622511A (en) * 2021-08-10 2021-11-09 山东永胜建设集团有限公司 Cast-in-place concrete hollow outer wall and construction method thereof

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CN107217755A (en) * 2017-08-09 2017-09-29 新疆凯乐新材料有限公司 Self-insulating brick passive type architectural construction constructing structure and method
CN113622511A (en) * 2021-08-10 2021-11-09 山东永胜建设集团有限公司 Cast-in-place concrete hollow outer wall and construction method thereof
CN113622511B (en) * 2021-08-10 2022-11-29 山东永胜建设集团有限公司 Cast-in-place concrete hollow outer wall and construction method thereof

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Application publication date: 20170329