CN104631665A - Construction method for anti-seismic rammed earth wall with reinforced surface skin and core columns - Google Patents

Construction method for anti-seismic rammed earth wall with reinforced surface skin and core columns Download PDF

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CN104631665A
CN104631665A CN201510025322.6A CN201510025322A CN104631665A CN 104631665 A CN104631665 A CN 104631665A CN 201510025322 A CN201510025322 A CN 201510025322A CN 104631665 A CN104631665 A CN 104631665A
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soil
rammed earth
compacting
stem
construction
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CN201510025322.6A
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CN104631665B (en
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柏文峰
叶银霖
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昆明理工大学
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Abstract

The invention relates to a construction method for an anti-seismic rammed earth wall with a reinforced surface skin and core columns and belongs to the technical field of construction engineering. According to the method, a rammed earth wall formwork is manufactured, and pre-embedded core molds are placed into the rammed earth wall formwork. The effect of the surface skin is reinforced under the tying and connecting action of two kinds dovetail joint type earth materials in the mode that different earth materials are added twice; the anti-seismic performance of the rammed earth wall is enhanced under the action of criss-cross tying and connecting action by prefabricating the pore-forming core columns, earth mass reinforcing columns and steel wire sewn mesh sheets. The method has the advantages that the construction cost of the rammed earth wall is lowered, and the durability and reliability of the rammed earth wall are improved.

Description

A kind of construction method of antidetonation rammed earth wall with strengthening epidermis and stem stem

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of construction method of antidetonation rammed earth wall with strengthening epidermis and stem stem, belonging to construction engineering technical field.

Background technology

Rural area tradition rammed earth house is the important component part that Traditional Villages maintains its style and features characteristic, and have and gather materials on the spot, cheap, easy construction, the features such as environmental friendliness, in the specific poor grass roots extensive use of China's part.But the intensity of traditional raw soil material is low, distortion is large, and the aspects such as poor water resistance exist the situation of congenital deficiency, causes rural area tradition rammed earth house to there is obvious defect in its shock resistance, durability etc.From present circumstances, rural area tradition rammed earth house just day by day exits the stage that agriculture residence is built.But in today of people's common concern ecocrisis, energy crisis, environment pollution, rural area tradition rammed earth house becomes the focus that scholars pays close attention to research again.

At present, some experts and scholars both at home and abroad, for rural area tradition rammed earth house inadequate natural endowment situation, have done some technology study on the modification.

1, cement is added: as some countries such as the U.S., Australia, all increase cement to improve the intensity of rammed earth wall toward the whole body of wall of rammed earth wall, well solve durability and unfailing performance, whole structure is fine, but cost is very high.

2, arrangement of reinforcement is added: as some countries such as France, Switzerland, in rammed earth wall, put vertical reinforcement, these vertical reinforcements wrap up owing to not having concrete, and soil is poor to the anchoring bond ability of reinforcing bar, does not give full play to the performance of reinforcing bar.

3, sleeper is added: add pin, but the poor durability of pin.Add prefabricated reinforced concrete post, although solve its durability, in the process of rammed earth wall rammed earth, the impact force of rammed earth is very large, and reinforced concrete post prefabricated in building process can continuous by the impact load effect, has certain damage to it.

4, add collar tie beam: traditional rammed earth wall way establishes girt, to increase the globality of rammed earth wall, improve its anti-seismic performance, but timber price is high, perishable, and durability is bad.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is that rammed earth wall shock resistance is weak, body of wall is easy to cracking, rammed earth body of wall earth material consumption is many, reinforced concrete structural column, collar tie beam are difficult to coordinate some problems such as stressed with rammed earth body of wall, a kind of construction method of rammed earth wall of the highly seismic region that is applicable to provide fortification against earthquakes is provided, overcomes the above-mentioned shortcoming of existing rammed earth wall technology.

Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of construction method of antidetonation adobe wall, and concrete steps are:

Step 1: on reinforced concrete strip foundation 9, at longitudinal cross wall intersection center and center, a reserved door and window hole both sides pre-buried vertical indented bars 5 respectively;

Step 2: on reinforced concrete strip foundation 9, according to the wall size needs of rammed earth wall, a rammed earth wall template 6;

Step 3: in the outer inner wall of rammed earth wall template 6, alternately embeds pre-embedding core I 2 successively, pre-embedding core II 3.Two exterior wall longitudinal cross wall intersections, stem stem perforating device 1 is shelved in center, and at stem stem perforating device 1 surface smear viscous waterproofing course 10; In the longitudinal cross wall intersection of exterior wall and interior wall, shelve reinforcing prop forming board 4;

Step 4: in rammed earth wall template 6 between inner wall, a blowing I # soil 7, and compacting;

Step 5: take out pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, secondary blowing II # soil 8 in these templatespace of taking-up;

Step 6: with I # soil 7 and II # soil 8 in compacting machine compacting rammed earth wall template 6, cause its compacting closely knit;

Step 7: repeat successively alternately to embed pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, blowing I # soil 7, then takes out pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, secondary blowing II # soil 8 in these templatespace of taking-up;

Step 8: treat that compacting is in certain altitude, slowly promote stem stem perforating device 1 to certain distance, be coated with viscous waterproofing course 10 on its surface, continue to repeat step 7:

Step 9: until compacting to after the certain distance scope of windowsill lower end, a direct blowing II # soil 8, then shelves steel fabric sheet 13, then continues blowing II # soil 8, compacting form wall waist bottom collar tie beam 14 on II # soil 8 of compacting;

Step 10: continue to repeat step 3 ~ step 8, continues compacting body of wall;

Step 11: after compacting is above door opening, a direct blowing II # soil 8, then shelves steel fabric sheet 13, then continues blowing II # soil 8 on II # soil 8 of compacting, compacting form wall waist upper ring beam 15;

Step 12: continue to repeat step 3 ~ step 8, continues compacting body of wall to wall height degree, takes out stem stem perforating device 1, form stem stem toward the interior concreting of vertical hole;

Step 13: after whole rammed earth wall body deformability is stable, with the collar tie beam of steel concrete LIFT eminence, form floor height collar tie beam 16, antidetonation rammed earth wall has been constructed;

The intensity of described II # soil 8 is higher than the intensity of I # soil 7.Be subject to rain erosion due to rammed earth wall building exterior wall face and expose to the weather, being easier to destroy, both having needed improve the intensity of outer rammed earth body of wall.For improving the crack resistance of body of wall, in earth material admixture earth material weight 0.1% ~ 5% industrial fiber or natural fiber;

The two-layer earth material drawknot technology adopting dovetail formula is needed, the horizontal drawknot technology of two-layer soil and vertical sawtooth two-layer earth material drawknot technology between described I # soil 7 and II # soil 8.This kind of way can well improve two kinds of different drawknots, makes two kinds well to merge.

The need of described I # soil 7 and II # soil 8 add fiber, as industrial fiber or string.Due to fiber, to have intensity high, and plastic deformation is large, and the features such as modulus of elasticity is large, increase the draw knot force between the rammed earth wall soil body.

Described wall waist bottom collar tie beam 14 and the steel wire in wall waist upper ring beam 15 are sewed up upper and lower two-layer need the compacting with II # soil 8 of mesh sheet and are filled.Because wall waist bottom collar tie beam 14 and both sides in wall waist upper ring beam 15 are easily subject to load action breakage, improve the intensity in cracky region with II # soil 8.Sew up mesh sheet with steel wire, not only improve the drawknot intensity of rammed earth wall longitudinal load, also promote the drawknot intensity of transverse load.

The rammed earth wall template 6 that first described dismounting props up, then continue to prop up the rammed earth wall template 6 above it, need overlap and ram on closely knit rammed earth wall, need 100mm ~ 200mm be reserved.Certain distance on the body of wall rammed if be not overlapped on, easily makes the compactness of the lower end of upper part rammed earth sheet wall be subject to certain impact; If much more reserved, speed of application can be caused to slow down, through experimental test, reserved 100mm ~ 200mm constructs comparatively speaking and compares optimization.

Described lifting stem stem perforating device 1 to certain distance, need be reserved in 100mm ~ 200mm in the rammed earth wall tamped.If stem stem perforating device 1 is all promoted out, easily make the compactness of the rammed earth of upper part stem stem perforating device 1 lower end be subject to certain impact, even can drop inside the pre-retained mouth of stem stem; If much more reserved, speed of application can be caused to slow down, through experimental test, reserved 100mm ~ 200mm constructs comparatively speaking and compares optimization.

The viscous waterproofing course 10 of described stem stem perforating device 1 surface smear is pitch or the coating with viscosity water-proof function.This object 1. facilitates stem stem perforating device 1 to extract in the rammed earth wall tamped; 2. prevent from the concrete moisture of building inside stem stem to be afterwards rammed cob wall body to siphon away, cause the phenomenon that concrete curing is inadequate, guarantee concrete maintenance quality.

Described when rammed earth wall is built to floor height, employing in-situ reinforced concrete slab 17, improves rammed earth wall cooperative bearing further.

The described architectural decoration needs according to rammed earth wall, I # soil 7 can adopt the color different from II # soil 8.The soil of different colours, increases the diversity of rammed earth wall surface color, thus causes the diversity of cob group space.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:

(1), economy improves.The durability of external raising rammed earth wall is admixture cement inside rammed earth wall, and full wafer body of wall all admixtures, cause a large amount of wastes of cement.The present invention strengthens the epidermal area of rammed earth wall.Due to the exocuticle of the wearing and tearing mainly rammed earth wall of weather, its endepidermis is no wearing and tearing substantially.Its benefit is that the durability of 1. pairs of rammed earth walls improves targetedly; 2. that builds significantly reduces economically, and cement consumption is than existing rammed earth techniques save more than 50%.

(2), globality strengthens.Adopt the drawknot technology of the two-layer earth material of dovetail formula and vertical zigzag two-layer earth material drawknot technology to be mutually engaged, obviously, under the effect of vertical load, be not easy to cause the layering between two layer soil bodies.Add fiber, owing to not adding fiber in traditional rammed earth wall, it is the overall performance improving body of wall that the present invention adds fiber.

(3), anti-seismic performance improves.Strengthen vertical posts by prefabricated pore-forming concrete-core column and the soil body, and the wall Girth of mesh sheet sewed up by steel wire, strengthens vertical and horizontal draw knot force.

(4) this technology rammed earth wall wall thickness is only the 1/2-2/3 of traditional rammed earth wall thickness, few by soil amount, and construction wall area occupied significantly reduces, and energy-conservationly saves land, and improves plane utilization rate.

(5) rammed earth wall that this technology is built can adopt cast-in-place reinforced concrete floor, and compared with traditional cob, durability, reliability, refractory ability significantly improve, and decrease the consumption of timber.

(6) this technology has enriched the Appearance of Architecture power of rammed earth wall, and there are different colors and skin texture in the surface that same stifled rammed earth wall can be or else same.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the prefabricated perforating device schematic diagram of antidetonation rammed earth wall of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the pre-embedding core I of antidetonation rammed earth wall of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the pre-embedding core II of antidetonation rammed earth wall of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is that antidetonation rammed earth wall construction member of the present invention puts overlap joint schematic diagram;

Fig. 5 is that the prefabricated perforating device of antidetonation rammed earth wall of the present invention initially puts schematic diagram;

Fig. 6 is that the prefabricated perforating device of antidetonation rammed earth wall of the present invention extracts schematic diagram;

Fig. 7 is antidetonation rammed earth wall floor map of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is antidetonation rammed earth wall 2-2 generalized section of the present invention;

Fig. 9 is antidetonation rammed earth wall 1-1 generalized section of the present invention;

Figure 10 is antidetonation rammed earth wall partial result schematic diagram of the present invention;

Figure 11 is that below antidetonation rammed earth wall window table of the present invention forms schematic diagram;

Figure 12 is antidetonation rammed earth wall structural texture schematic diagram of the present invention.

In figure: 1-stem stem perforating device, the pre-embedding core II of the pre-embedding core I, 3-of 2-, 4-reinforcing prop forming board, 5-indented bars, 6-rammed earth wall template, 7-I # soil, 8-II # soil, 9-reinforced concrete strip foundation, 10-viscous waterproofing course, the prefabricated pore-forming post of 11-, 12-soil body reinforcing prop, 13-steel fabric sheet, 14-wall waist bottom collar tie beam, 15-wall waist upper ring beam, 16-floor height collar tie beam, 17-reinforced concrete floor, 18-concrete lintel.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described.

A construction method for antidetonation adobe wall, concrete steps are:

Step 1: on reinforced concrete strip foundation 9, at longitudinal cross wall intersection center and center, a reserved door and window hole both sides pre-buried vertical indented bars 5 respectively;

Step 2: on reinforced concrete strip foundation 9, according to the wall size needs of rammed earth wall, a rammed earth wall template 6;

Step 3: in the outer inner wall of rammed earth wall template 6, alternately embeds pre-embedding core I 2 successively, pre-embedding core II 3.Two exterior wall longitudinal cross wall intersections, stem stem perforating device 1 is shelved in center, and at stem stem perforating device 1 surface smear viscous waterproofing course 10; In the longitudinal cross wall intersection of exterior wall and interior wall, shelve reinforcing prop forming board 4;

Step 4: in rammed earth wall template 6 between inner wall, a blowing I # soil 7, and compacting;

Step 5: take out pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, secondary blowing II # soil 8 in these templatespace of taking-up;

Step 6: with I # soil 7 and II # soil 8 in compacting machine compacting rammed earth wall template 6, cause its compacting closely knit;

Step 7: repeat successively alternately to embed pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, blowing I # soil 7, then takes out pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, secondary blowing II # soil 8 in these templatespace of taking-up;

Step 8: treat that compacting is in certain altitude, slowly promote stem stem perforating device 1 to certain distance, be coated with viscous waterproofing course 10 on its surface, continue to repeat step 7:

Step 9: until compacting to after the certain distance scope of windowsill lower end, a direct blowing II # soil 8, then shelves steel fabric sheet 13, then continues blowing II # soil 8, compacting form wall waist bottom collar tie beam 14 on II # soil 8 of compacting;

Step 10: continue to repeat step 3 ~ step 8, continues compacting body of wall;

Step 11: after compacting is above door opening, a direct blowing II # soil 8, then shelves steel fabric sheet 13, then continues blowing II # soil 8 on II # soil 8 of compacting, compacting form wall waist upper ring beam 15;

Step 12: continue to repeat step 3 ~ step 8, continues compacting body of wall to wall height degree, takes out stem stem perforating device 1, form stem stem toward the interior concreting of vertical hole;

Step 13: after whole rammed earth wall body deformability is stable, with the collar tie beam of steel concrete LIFT eminence, form floor height collar tie beam 16, antidetonation rammed earth wall has been constructed;

The intensity of described II # soil 8 is higher than the intensity of I # soil 7.Be subject to rain erosion due to rammed earth wall building exterior wall face and expose to the weather, being easier to destroy, both having needed improve the intensity of outer rammed earth body of wall.For improving the crack resistance of body of wall, in earth material admixture earth material weight 0.1% ~ 5% industrial fiber or natural fiber;

The two-layer earth material drawknot technology adopting dovetail formula is needed, the horizontal drawknot technology of two-layer soil and vertical sawtooth two-layer earth material drawknot technology between described I # soil 7 and II # soil 8.This kind of way can well improve two kinds of different drawknots, makes two kinds well to merge.

The need of described I # soil 7 and II # soil 8 add fiber, as industrial fiber or string.Due to fiber, to have intensity high, and plastic deformation is large, and the features such as modulus of elasticity is large, increase the draw knot force between the rammed earth wall soil body.

Described wall waist bottom collar tie beam 14 and the steel wire in wall waist upper ring beam 15 are sewed up upper and lower two-layer need the compacting with II # soil 8 of mesh sheet and are filled.Because wall waist bottom collar tie beam 14 and both sides in wall waist upper ring beam 15 are easily subject to load action breakage, improve the intensity in cracky region with II # soil 8.Sew up mesh sheet with steel wire, not only improve the drawknot intensity of rammed earth wall longitudinal load, also promote the drawknot intensity of transverse load.

The rammed earth wall template 6 that first described dismounting props up, then continue to prop up the rammed earth wall template 6 above it, need overlap and ram on closely knit rammed earth wall, need 100mm ~ 200mm be reserved.Certain distance on the body of wall rammed if be not overlapped on, easily makes the compactness of the lower end of upper part rammed earth sheet wall be subject to certain impact; If much more reserved, speed of application can be caused to slow down, through experimental test, reserved 100mm ~ 200mm constructs comparatively speaking and compares optimization.

Described lifting stem stem perforating device 1 to certain distance, need be reserved in 100mm ~ 200mm in the rammed earth wall tamped.If stem stem perforating device 1 is all promoted out, easily make the compactness of the rammed earth of upper part stem stem perforating device 1 lower end be subject to certain impact, even can drop inside the pre-retained mouth of stem stem; If much more reserved, speed of application can be caused to slow down, through experimental test, reserved 100mm ~ 200mm constructs comparatively speaking and compares optimization.

The viscous waterproofing course 10 of described stem stem perforating device 1 surface smear is pitch or the coating with viscosity water-proof function.This object 1. facilitates stem stem perforating device 1 to extract in the rammed earth wall tamped; 2. prevent from the concrete moisture of building inside stem stem to be afterwards rammed cob wall body to siphon away, cause the phenomenon that concrete curing is inadequate, guarantee concrete maintenance quality.

Described when rammed earth wall is built to floor height, employing in-situ reinforced concrete slab 17, improves rammed earth wall cooperative bearing further.

The described architectural decoration needs according to rammed earth wall, I # soil 7 can adopt the color different from II # soil 8.The soil of different colours, increases the diversity of rammed earth wall surface color, thus causes the diversity of cob group space.

Embodiment 1: according to the adobe wall layout of architectural design, first on reinforced concrete strip foundation 9, at longitudinal cross wall intersection center and center, a reserved door and window hole both sides pre-buried vertical indented bars 5 respectively; On reinforced concrete strip foundation 9, according to the wall size needs of rammed earth wall, a rammed earth wall template 6; In the outer inner wall of rammed earth wall template 6, alternately embed pre-embedding core I 2 successively, pre-embedding core II 3.If meet two exterior wall longitudinal cross wall intersections, then stem stem perforating device 1 is shelved in center, and at stem stem perforating device 1 surface smear viscous waterproofing course 10; If meet the longitudinal cross wall intersection of exterior wall and interior wall, then shelve reinforcing prop forming board 4; In rammed earth wall template 6 between inner wall, a blowing I # soil 7; Take out pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, secondary blowing II # soil 8 in these templatespace of taking-up; With I # soil 7 and II # soil 8 in compacting machine compacting rammed earth wall template 6, cause its compacting closely knit; Repeat successively alternately to embed pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, blowing I # soil 7, then takes out pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, secondary blowing II # soil 8 in these templatespace of taking-up; Treat that compacting is in certain altitude, slow lifting stem stem perforating device 1 to certain distance, viscous waterproofing course 10 is coated with on its surface, continue to repeat alternately to embed pre-embedding core I 2 successively, pre-embedding core II 3, a blowing I # soil 7, then pre-embedding core I 2 is taken out, pre-embedding core II 3, secondary blowing II # soil 8 in these templatespace of taking-up: treat in compacting to windowsill altitude range, a direct blowing II # soil 8, then shelves steel fabric sheet 13 on II # soil 8 of compacting, continue blowing II # soil 8 again, compacting form wall waist bottom collar tie beam 14; Continue to repeat above operation: in the outer inner wall of rammed earth wall template 6, alternately embed pre-embedding core I 2 successively, pre-embedding core II 3.If meet two exterior wall longitudinal cross wall intersections, then stem stem perforating device 1 is shelved in center, and at stem stem perforating device 1 surface smear viscous waterproofing course 10; If meet the longitudinal cross wall intersection of exterior wall and interior wall, then shelve reinforcing prop forming board 4; In rammed earth wall template 6 between inner wall, a blowing I # soil 7; Take out pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, secondary blowing II # soil 8 in these templatespace of taking-up; With I # soil 7 and II # soil 8 in compacting machine compacting rammed earth wall template 6, cause its compacting closely knit; Repeat successively alternately to embed pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, a blowing I # soil 7, then pre-embedding core I 2 is taken out, pre-embedding core II 3, secondary blowing II # soil 8 in these templatespace of taking-up: treat that compacting is in certain altitude, slow lifting stem stem perforating device 1 to certain distance, be coated with viscous waterproofing course 10 on its surface, continue to repeat alternately to embed pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, a blowing I # soil 7, then pre-embedding core I 2 is taken out, pre-embedding core II 3, secondary blowing II # soil 8 in these templatespace of taking-up; Treat within the scope of compacting to door eaves height, a direct blowing II # soil 8, then on II # soil 8 of compacting, shelve steel fabric sheet 13, then continue blowing II # soil 8, compacting form wall waist upper ring beam 15; Continue to repeat above operation: in the outer inner wall of rammed earth wall template 6, alternately embed pre-embedding core I 2 successively, pre-embedding core II 3.If meet two exterior wall longitudinal cross wall intersections, then stem stem perforating device 1 is shelved in center, and at stem stem perforating device 1 surface smear viscous waterproofing course 10; If meet the longitudinal cross wall intersection of exterior wall and interior wall, then shelve reinforcing prop forming board 4; In rammed earth wall template 6 between inner wall, a blowing I # soil 7; Take out pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, secondary blowing II # soil 8 in these templatespace of taking-up; With I # soil 7 and II # soil 8 in compacting machine compacting rammed earth wall template 6, cause its compacting closely knit; Repeat successively alternately to embed pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, a blowing I # soil 7, then pre-embedding core I 2 is taken out, pre-embedding core II 3, secondary blowing II # soil 8 in these templatespace of taking-up: treat that compacting is in certain altitude, slow lifting stem stem perforating device 1 to certain distance, be coated with viscous waterproofing course 10 on its surface, continue to repeat alternately to embed pre-embedding core I 2, pre-embedding core II 3, a blowing I # soil 7, then pre-embedding core I 2 is taken out, pre-embedding core II 3, secondary blowing II # soil 8 in these templatespace of taking-up; Continue compacting body of wall to wall height degree, take out stem stem perforating device 1, form stem stem toward the interior concreting of vertical hole; After whole rammed earth wall body deformability is stable, with the collar tie beam of steel concrete LIFT eminence, form floor height collar tie beam 16, antidetonation rammed earth wall has been constructed;

Below by reference to the accompanying drawings the specific embodiment of the present invention is explained in detail, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in the ken that those of ordinary skill in the art possess, various change can also be made under the prerequisite not departing from present inventive concept.

Claims (11)

1. the construction method of antidetonation rammed earth wall with strengthening epidermis and stem stem, is characterized in that:
Step 1: on reinforced concrete strip foundation (9), longitudinal cross wall intersection center and center, a reserved door and window hole both sides pre-buried vertical indented bars (5) respectively;
Step 2: on reinforced concrete strip foundation (9), according to the wall size needs of rammed earth wall, a rammed earth wall template (6);
Step 3: in rammed earth wall template (6) outer inner wall, alternately embed pre-embedding core I (2) successively, pre-embedding core II (3), two exterior wall longitudinal cross wall intersection, stem stem perforating device (1) is shelved in center, and in stem stem perforating device (1) surface smear viscous waterproofing course (10); In the longitudinal cross wall intersection of exterior wall and interior wall, shelve reinforcing prop forming board (4);
Step 4: toward between rammed earth wall template (6) interior inner wall, blowing I # soil (7), and compacting;
Step 5: take out pre-embedding core I (2), pre-embedding core II (3), secondary blowing II # soil (8) in these templatespace of taking-up;
Step 6: with I # soil (7) in compacting machine compacting rammed earth wall template (6) and II # soil (8), cause its compacting closely knit;
Step 7: repeat successively alternately to embed pre-embedding core I (2), pre-embedding core II (3), blowing I # soil (7), then takes out pre-embedding core I (2), pre-embedding core II (3), secondary blowing II # soil (8) in these templatespace of taking-up;
Step 8: treat that compacting is in certain altitude, slowly promote stem stem perforating device (1) to certain distance, be coated with viscous waterproofing course (10) on its surface, continue to repeat step 7:
Step 9: until compacting to after the certain distance scope of windowsill lower end, direct blowing II # soil (8), then on II # soil (8) of compacting, shelve steel fabric sheet (13), then continue blowing II # soil (8), compacting form wall waist bottom collar tie beam (14);
Step 10: continue to repeat step 3 ~ step 8, continues compacting body of wall;
Step 11: after compacting is above door opening, direct blowing II # soil (8), then shelves steel fabric sheet (13), then continues blowing II # soil (8) on II # soil (8) of compacting, compacting form wall waist upper ring beam (15);
Step 12: continue to repeat step 3 ~ step 8, continues compacting body of wall to wall height degree, takes out stem stem perforating device (1), form stem stem toward the interior concreting of vertical hole;
Step 13: after whole rammed earth wall body deformability is stable, with the collar tie beam of steel concrete LIFT eminence, form floor height collar tie beam (16), antidetonation rammed earth wall has been constructed.
2. the construction method of antidetonation adobe wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the intensity of II # soil (8) is higher than the intensity of I # soil (7).
3. the construction method of antidetonation adobe wall according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the two-layer earth material drawknot technology needing to adopt dovetail formula between I # soil (7) and II # soil (8), the horizontal drawknot technology of two-layer soil and vertical sawtooth two-layer earth material drawknot technology.
4. the construction method of antidetonation adobe wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: I # soil (7) adds fiber with the need of II # soil (8).
5. the construction method of antidetonation adobe wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fiber is industrial fiber or string.
6. the construction method of antidetonation adobe wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: wall waist bottom collar tie beam (14) is sewed up upper and lower two-layer need the compacting with II # soil (8) of mesh sheet with the steel wire in wall waist upper ring beam (15) and filled.
7. the construction method of antidetonation adobe wall according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: remove the rammed earth wall template (6) of first propping up, continue again to prop up the rammed earth wall template (6) above it, need overlap and ram on closely knit rammed earth wall, need 100mm ~ 200mm be reserved.
8. the construction method of antidetonation adobe wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: promote stem stem perforating device (1) to certain distance, need be reserved in 100mm ~ 200mm in the rammed earth wall tamped.
9. the construction method of antidetonation adobe wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the viscous waterproofing course (10) of stem stem perforating device (1) surface smear, is pitch or the coating with viscosity water-proof function.
10. the construction method of antidetonation adobe wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that being: when rammed earth wall is built to floor height, adopt in-situ reinforced concrete slab (17), improve rammed earth wall cooperative bearing further.
The construction method of 11. antidetonation adobe walls according to claim 1, is characterized in that being: according to the architectural decoration needs of rammed earth wall, and I # soil (7) can adopt the color different from II # soil (8).
CN201510025322.6A 2015-01-19 2015-01-19 Construction method for anti-seismic rammed earth wall with reinforced surface skin and core columns CN104631665B (en)

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CN105178353A (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-12-23 天津送变电工程公司 Semi-reversible method construction process for enclosing wall under winter construction condition
CN105239701A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-13 西安建筑科技大学 Construction process of rammed earth wall
CN105839970A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-08-10 郑州大学 Sliding isolation spacing structure for rammed-earth rural house and construction process thereof sliding isolation spacing structure
CN107190891A (en) * 2017-07-01 2017-09-22 苏州侪联景观工程有限公司 A kind of Building Skin rammed earth wall preparation method
CN109296198A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-02-01 西安建筑科技大学 The construction method of the loam wall of punch die and cast-in-situ reinforced concrete column is made in steel

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Cited By (9)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105178353A (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-12-23 天津送变电工程公司 Semi-reversible method construction process for enclosing wall under winter construction condition
CN105178353B (en) * 2015-06-05 2017-01-11 天津送变电工程公司 Semi-reversible method construction process for enclosing wall under winter construction condition
CN105239701A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-13 西安建筑科技大学 Construction process of rammed earth wall
CN105239701B (en) * 2015-09-30 2018-01-12 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of rammed earth wall construction technique
CN105839970A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-08-10 郑州大学 Sliding isolation spacing structure for rammed-earth rural house and construction process thereof sliding isolation spacing structure
CN105839970B (en) * 2016-05-30 2018-02-02 郑州大学 Rammed earth agriculture room sliding and shock isolation position limiting structure and its construction technology
CN107190891A (en) * 2017-07-01 2017-09-22 苏州侪联景观工程有限公司 A kind of Building Skin rammed earth wall preparation method
CN107190891B (en) * 2017-07-01 2019-08-30 苏州侪联景观工程有限公司 A kind of Building Skin rammed earth wall preparation method
CN109296198A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-02-01 西安建筑科技大学 The construction method of the loam wall of punch die and cast-in-situ reinforced concrete column is made in steel

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