CN106376372A - Method for controlling growth speed of water grass and preventing growth of algae - Google Patents

Method for controlling growth speed of water grass and preventing growth of algae Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106376372A
CN106376372A CN201610781546.4A CN201610781546A CN106376372A CN 106376372 A CN106376372 A CN 106376372A CN 201610781546 A CN201610781546 A CN 201610781546A CN 106376372 A CN106376372 A CN 106376372A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
pasture
growth
illuminator
speed
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CN201610781546.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈宥霖
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Aqua Technology (tianjin) Co Ltd
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Aqua Technology (tianjin) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610781546.4A priority Critical patent/CN106376372A/en
Publication of CN106376372A publication Critical patent/CN106376372A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for controlling the growth speed of water grass and preventing the growth of algae, belonging to the technical field of water grass breeding. The method comprises the steps of providing a lighting system in a culture container in a water environment, and adding a water grass nutrition agent, so as to acquire the expected growth speed of the water grass and prevent the growth of the algae, wherein the ratio of the power of the lighting system*lighting time/water volume in the culture container is controlled at 5W.h/L-6W.h/L. By virtue of the method, the ratio of the power of the lighting system*lighting time/water volume in the culture container is regulated at 5W.h/L-6W.h/L, and the water grass is located in a relatively low lighting condition during the growth, so that the breeding of the algae can be effectively prevented, and the invasion caused by the algae to the water grass is avoided. Besides, by regulating the nutrition supply under the conditions, the growth speed of the water grass can be controlled.

Description

For controlling the pasture and water speed of growth and the method preventing algal grown
Technical field
The present invention relates to pasture and water cultural technique field, it is used for controlling the pasture and water speed of growth in particular to one kind and prevents The only method of algal grown.
Background technology
Pasture and water are the herbaceous plant referring to be grown in water, because it has very high viewing and admiring and use value, at present The people that pasture and water are cultivated gets more and more.In fish jar or aquarium, cultivation pasture and water not only can improve the ornamental value of fish, Also facilitation can be played to the growth and breeding of fish, so the environment having pasture and water is more suitable for the life of Fish, fish can be made more Health.
During cultivation pasture and water, because the growing environment of pasture and water and algae is close, therefore in pasture and water aquarium, water The growth of grass can be with the appearance of algae, the impact growth of pasture and water and attractive in appearance.Most pasture and water Shui nationality rearing in boxs are main can adopt following several The mode of kind is controlled to algae, but this several method has some problems:
1st, using except algae medicament:This method dosage of medicament when using is difficult to control, though can reach algae removal Effect, but pasture and water can be injured, even result in pasture and water dead;
2nd, stop fertilising:Break off the source of nutrition of algae, though the speed of growth of algae can be alleviated, also result in pasture and water and lack Weary nutrition, state is bad, if stopping nutrition supply for a long time, pasture and water assume debilitated state for a long time, also easy re-initiation algae Money life;
3rd, stop turning on light:Because illumination is the essential condition of pasture and water growth, breaks off the light source of algae, fish jar is coated Shut out the light 3~7 days, algae can be dead in default of illumination, but pasture and water are also because long-time lack light and produce and follow spot Phenomenon, causes pasture and water state bad, to be restored normally turn on light after, algae can grow again.
The pasture and water condition that is related to of cultivation is more, is the coefficient result of multifactor condition, so pasture and water cultivated Journey difficulty is big, the bad control of the speed of growth of pasture and water, and is easily attacked by algae.
In view of this, the special proposition present invention.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method for controlling the pasture and water speed of growth He prevent algal grown, the party Method provides suitable light energy for pasture and water, and controls the pasture and water speed of growth by the adjustment of nutrient, makes pasture and water from algae Invasion and attack.
In order to realize the above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, spy employs the following technical solutions:
A kind of method for controlling the pasture and water speed of growth He prevent algal grown, comprises the following steps:In water environment Illuminator is provided, by the ratio of the water yield in the Power x lighting hours ÷ culture vessel of control illuminator in culture vessel It is worth for 5~6W h/L, and adds pasture and water nutrient, to obtain the desired pasture and water speed of growth and to prevent the growth of algae.
In the inventive method, described culture vessel can cultivate the container of pasture and water for fish jar, pasture and water aquarium etc..
In the inventive method, described pasture and water nutrient is base manure, liquid fertilizer, root manure, iron fertilizer or trace element, can be according to not Nutritional labeling needed for congener pasture and water is selected.
In the inventive method, described pasture and water nutrient is added in water and/or on bottom in a controlled manner, pasture and water Nutrient grows as nutrient substance supply pasture and water, to obtain the desired pasture and water speed of growth.
In the present invention, described " the desired pasture and water speed of growth " refers to, and those skilled in the art are wished in pasture and water cultivation The pasture and water speed of growth hoped.The typical but non-limiting pasture and water speed of growth is, for example,:Normal growth rate, the slower speed of growth Or the very fast speed of growth.
In general, the normal growth rate of pasture and water is to grow weekly 2~5 stipes, and pasture and water grow weekly less than 3 Stipes is the slower speed of growth, and it is the very fast speed of growth that pasture and water grow weekly more than 5 stipes.
In the inventive method, described illuminator is used for providing illumination for pasture and water, controls the method for illuminator to include adjusting The power of section illuminator and/or the lighting hours adjusting illuminator, and/or adjust the water yield in culture vessel, make illumination The ratio of the water yield in the Power x lighting hours ÷ culture vessel of system is 5~6W h/L.The Power x illumination of illuminator The typical but non-limiting numerical value of ratio of the water yield in time ÷ culture vessel for example, 5.0,5.1,5.2,5.3,5.4, 5.5th, 5.6,5.7,5.8,5.9 or 6.0.I.e., in the present invention, by adjusting power, lighting hours and the training of illuminator The water yield in foster container, the ratio making the water yield in the Power x lighting hours ÷ culture vessel of illuminator is 5~6W h/ L.During this regulation, you can by the water yield in the independent power adjusting illuminator, lighting hours or culture vessel, Any two in above three key element can arbitrarily be adjusted or adjust above three key element it is only necessary to three's ratio is full simultaneously The requirement of the sufficient present invention.
Provided by the present invention for controlling the pasture and water speed of growth and preventing the method for algal grown from passing through to adjust illuminator Power and/or adjust illuminator lighting hours, and/or adjust culture vessel in the water yield, make the power of illuminator The ratio of the water yield in × lighting hours ÷ culture vessel is 5~6W h/L, under this certain ratio, can effectively prevent algae The growing of class, and by adding pasture and water nutrient, reach the purpose controlling the pasture and water speed of growth.
Hereinafter, bottom is used for planting pasture and water, culture pasture and water on bottom and under the shining of illuminator.
Preferably, on the basis of the technical scheme that the present invention provides, above-mentioned for controlling the pasture and water speed of growth and preventing The method of algal grown comprises the following steps:
Bottom and illuminator are provided in the culture vessel of water environment, wherein, described bottom and described illuminator Vertical dimension is 40~90cm;
The ratio controlling the water yield in the Power x lighting hours ÷ culture vessel of illuminator is 5~6W h/L;
Add pasture and water nutrient, to obtain the desired pasture and water speed of growth and to prevent the growth of algae.
Preferably, on the basis of the technical scheme that the present invention provides, above-mentioned for controlling the pasture and water speed of growth and preventing In the method for algal grown, described bottom is 40~70cm with the vertical dimension of described illuminator, and/or, control illumination system The ratio of the water yield in the Power x lighting hours ÷ culture vessel of system is 5.04~5.4W h/L.That is, in this optimization technique side In case, can only control the vertical dimension of bottom and described illuminator it is also possible to only control the Power x illumination of illuminator The ratio of the water yield in time ÷ culture vessel is it is also possible to control above-mentioned vertical dimension and ratio simultaneously.
In this optimal technical scheme, by limiting the vertical dimension of bottom and described illuminator as 40~60cm, can So that pasture and water obtain the more preferable speed of growth.
Preferably, on the basis of the technical scheme that the present invention provides, described bottom does not initially include or includes less than The fertilizer of good amount.
In the inventive method, bottom includes bed load, and bed load plants pasture and water, and initial bottom can lead to without fertilizer Later the phase adds fertilizer in a controlled manner in water and/or on bottom makes pasture and water obtain nutrient substance it is also possible to interpolation is less than The fertilizer of optimised quantity, the later stage can also add fertilizer in a controlled manner in water and/or on bottom make pasture and water obtain nutrient Matter.
Wherein, the optimised quantity of fertilizer is in normal growth rate for pasture and water after adding and pasture and water yellow leaf, And/or blade reduce situation when fertilizer addition.
" normal growth rate " of pasture and water refers to that pasture and water grow weekly 2~5 stipes.
Preferably, on the basis of the technical scheme that the present invention provides, the lighting hours of described illuminator are 4~12h, The typical but non-limiting numerical value of lighting hours is, for example, 4h, 5h, 6h, 7h, 8h, 9h, 10h, 11h or 12h.
By adjusting lighting hours, the speed of growth of pasture and water can be better controled over, make pasture and water from the harm of algae frequency.
Preferably, on the basis of the technical scheme that the present invention provides, described illuminator is fluorescent tube, the work(of described fluorescent tube Rate is 24~150W.
Wherein, fluorescent tube can be fluorescent lamp, LED, Halogen light, electric filament lamp, electricity-saving lamp, xenon lamp or finsen lamp etc., excellent Select fluorescent lamp, LED, Halogen light, can be selected according to the performance of the species of pasture and water and fluorescent tube.
The typical but non-limiting numerical value of power of fluorescent tube be, for example, 24W, 27W, 36W, 39W, 54W, 72W, 80W, 90W, 100W or 150W.
Preferably, on the basis of the technical scheme that the present invention provides, the number of described fluorescent tube is at least one.
Preferably, on the basis of the technical scheme that the present invention provides, the lighting time of described fluorescent tube is 5~8h.
Adjust the unit volume light energy of fluorescent tube by the power of fluorescent tube, number and lighting time, that is, power of lamp tube × The ratio of the water yield in lighting hours ÷ culture vessel, the method controlling light energy by fluorescent tube is simple, is easy to regulate and control.
Preferably, on the basis of the technical scheme that the present invention provides, described pasture and water nutrient is optimal with pasture and water nutrient The amount of the 50~200% of amount is added.
The optimised quantity of pasture and water nutrient is identical with the decision method of above-mentioned fertilizer optimised quantity, is in normally for pasture and water after adding The speed of growth and yellow leaf in pasture and water, and/or blade reduces the addition of pasture and water nutrient during situation.Pasture and water nutrition The operation instruction that the optimised quantity of agent may be referred to different pasture and water nutrients is added.
Wherein, the normal growth rate of most of pasture and water is to grow weekly 2~5 stipes.
Above-mentioned for controlling the pasture and water speed of growth and prevent the typical method of algal grown, comprise the following steps:
In the aquatic weed cylinder bottom laying bottom that height is 30~60cm and the water yield is 50~400L, described bottom is planted water Grass, 2~6 power of described aquatic weed cylinder top laying are the fluorescent tube of 24~80W, and described fluorescent tube is fluorescent lamp, described fluorescent lamp Lighting time is 5~8h;
Add liquid fertilizer in a controlled manner and/or root manure is added on bottom in water, to obtain desired pasture and water growth Speed and the growth preventing algae.
Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the advantages that:
(1) the invention provides a kind of method for controlling the pasture and water speed of growth He prevent algal grown, the method is led to The ratio overregulating the water yield in the Power x lighting hours ÷ culture vessel of illuminator, in the range of 5~6W h/L, makes Under conditions of pasture and water are in relatively low illumination in growth, effectively can prevent algae infestation, make pasture and water from algae infestation.
(2) ratio of the water yield in the Power x lighting hours ÷ culture vessel of illuminator is in the model of 5~6W h/L Under enclosing, achieve, by adjusting nutrition supply, the purpose controlling the pasture and water speed of growth.
(3) ratio of the water yield in the Power x lighting hours ÷ culture vessel of regulation illuminator is 5~6W h/L's Under scope, well-off nutrition, you can make pasture and water obtain fast-growth, and avoid the invasion and attack of algae.
For enabling the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention to become apparent, preferred embodiment cited below particularly, and coordinate Appended accompanying drawing, is described in detail below.
Brief description
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, below will be attached to use required in embodiment Figure is briefly described it will be appreciated that the following drawings illustrate only certain embodiments of the present invention, and it is right to be therefore not construed as The restriction of scope, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can also be according to this A little accompanying drawings obtain other related accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the impact signal that illuminator difference unit volume light energy and Different Nutrition supply cultivate to pasture and water Figure.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, but those skilled in the art will Understand, the following example is merely to illustrate the present invention, and be not construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.Unreceipted concrete in embodiment Condition person, the condition according to normal condition or manufacturer's suggestion is carried out.Agents useful for same or the unreceipted production firm person of instrument, are Can be by the commercially available conventional products bought and obtain.
With reference to embodiment 1-6 and comparative example 1-5, the inventive method is further described in detail.
Embodiment 1-6 is in the case of identical nutrition supply amount, pasture and water to be cultivated with the method for comparative example 1-5, supports Grow condition as shown in table 1.
The each embodiment of the identical nutrition supply amount of table 1 and the pasture and water cultivating condition of each comparative example
Note:Define the water in the Power x light fixture number × lighting time ÷ fish jar of unit volume light energy=each light fixture The ratio of amount.
Embodiment 1
A kind of method that condition by embodiment 1 in table 1 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:
(1) pasture and water are planted:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 60cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 360L, Plantation Herba Phyllanthi Urinariae (Hemianthus micranthemoides) on bottom;
(2) adjust illuminator:The Halogen light that 2 power are 150W is laid at fish jar top, controls when turning on light of Halogen light Between be 7h;
(3) add pasture and water nutrient:Xiang Shuizhong adds the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity, makes pasture and water obtain normal growth rate.
Wherein, the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity be add after Herba Phyllanthi Urinariae be in normal growth rate (i.e. Herba Phyllanthi Urinariae grow weekly 3~4 Individual stipes) and yellow leaf in Herba Phyllanthi Urinariae, and/or blade reduce situation when liquid fertilizer addition, refer to liquid fertilizer Operation instruction be added.
Embodiment 2
A kind of method that condition by embodiment 2 in table 1 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:
(1) pasture and water are planted:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, Plant on bottom little to leaf (Bacopa monnier);
(2) adjust illuminator:The fluorescent lamp T5 that 6 power are 54W is laid at fish jar top, controls turning on light of fluorescent lamp T5 Time is 5h;
(3) add pasture and water nutrient:Xiang Shuizhong adds the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity, makes pasture and water obtain normal growth rate.
Wherein, the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity be add after little normal growth rate that leaf is in (i.e. little 2~3 are grown weekly to leaf Individual stipes) and little yellow leaf do not occur to leaf, and/or blade reduce situation when liquid fertilizer addition, refer to liquid fertilizer Operation instruction be added.
Embodiment 3
A kind of method that condition by embodiment 3 in table 1 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:
(1) pasture and water are planted:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 40cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 240L, Plantation red filament Folium Isatidis (Hygrophila rubella) on bottom;
(2) adjust illuminator:The fluorescent lamp T8 that 5 power are 36W is laid at fish jar top, controls turning on light of fluorescent lamp T8 Time is 7h;
(3) add pasture and water nutrient:The root manure of optimised quantity is added on bottom, makes pasture and water obtain normal growth rate.
Wherein, the root manure of optimised quantity be add after red filament Folium Isatidis be in normal growth rate (i.e. red filament Folium Isatidis grow weekly 2 ~3 stipes) and yellow leaf in red filament Folium Isatidis, and/or blade reduce situation when root manure addition, refer to The operation instruction of root manure is added.
Embodiment 4
A kind of method that condition by embodiment 4 in table 1 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:
(1) pasture and water are planted:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, Short Margarita (Golssostigma elatinoides) is planted on bottom;
(2) adjust illuminator:The fluorescent lamp T5 that 4 power are 54W is laid at fish jar top, controls turning on light of fluorescent lamp T5 Time is 7h;
(3) add pasture and water nutrient:Xiang Shuizhong adds the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity, makes pasture and water obtain normal growth rate.
Wherein, the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity be add after short Margarita be in normal growth rate (i.e. short Margarita grow weekly 2~3 Individual stipes) and yellow leaf in short Margarita, and/or blade reduce situation when liquid fertilizer addition, refer to liquid fertilizer Operation instruction be added.
Embodiment 5
A kind of method that condition by embodiment 5 in table 1 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:
(1) pasture and water are planted:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, Plantation Fructus Mali pumilae grass (Cardanmine lyrate) on bottom;
(2) adjust illuminator:The fluorescent lamp T5 that 6 power are 54W is laid at fish jar top, controls turning on light of fluorescent lamp T5 Time is 5h;
(3) add pasture and water nutrient:The root manure of optimised quantity is added on bottom, makes pasture and water obtain normal growth rate.
Wherein, the root manure of optimised quantity be add after Fructus Mali pumilae grass be in normal growth rate (i.e. Fructus Mali pumilae grass grow weekly 2~3 Individual stipes) and yellow leaf in Fructus Mali pumilae grass, and/or blade reduce situation when root manure addition, refer to root manure Operation instruction be added.
Embodiment 6
A kind of method that condition by embodiment 6 in table 1 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:
(1) pasture and water are planted:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, Plantation imperial palace grass (Rotala rotundifolia) on bottom;
(2) adjust illuminator:The fluorescent lamp T8 that 8 power are 36W is laid at fish jar top, controls turning on light of fluorescent lamp T8 Time is 6h;
(3) add pasture and water nutrient:Xiang Shuizhong adds the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity, makes pasture and water obtain normal growth rate.
Wherein, the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity be add after imperial palace grass be in normal growth rate (i.e. imperial palace grass grow weekly 2~3 Individual stipes) and yellow leaf in imperial palace grass, and/or blade reduce situation when liquid fertilizer addition, refer to liquid fertilizer Operation instruction be added.
Comparative example 1
A kind of method that condition by comparative example 1 in table 1 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:
(1) pasture and water are planted:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, Short Margarita (Golssostigma elatinoides) is planted on bottom;
(2) adjust illuminator:The fluorescent lamp T5 that 3 power are 54W is laid at fish jar top, controls turning on light of fluorescent lamp T5 Time is 5h;
(3) add pasture and water nutrient:Xiang Shuizhong adds the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity, makes pasture and water obtain normal growth rate.
Wherein, the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity with identical in embodiment 4.
Comparative example 2
A kind of method that condition by comparative example 2 in table 1 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:
(1) pasture and water are planted:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, Plant on bottom little to leaf (Bacopa monnier);
(2) adjust illuminator:The fluorescent lamp T5 that 3 power are 54W is laid at fish jar top, controls turning on light of fluorescent lamp T5 Time is 7h;
(3) add pasture and water nutrient:Xiang Shuizhong adds the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity, makes pasture and water obtain normal growth rate.
Wherein, the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity with identical in embodiment 2.
Comparative example 3
A kind of method that condition by comparative example 3 in table 1 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:
(1) pasture and water are planted:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 40cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 240L, Plantation red filament Folium Isatidis (Hygrophila rubella) on bottom;
(2) adjust illuminator:The fluorescent lamp T8 that 6 power are 36W is laid at fish jar top, controls turning on light of fluorescent lamp T8 Time is 8h;
(3) add pasture and water nutrient:The root manure of optimised quantity is added on bottom, makes pasture and water obtain normal growth rate.
Wherein, the root manure of optimised quantity with identical in embodiment 3.
Comparative example 4
A kind of method that condition by comparative example 4 in table 1 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:
(1) pasture and water are planted:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, Plantation Fructus Mali pumilae grass (Cardanmine lyrate) on bottom;
(2) adjust illuminator:The fluorescent lamp T5 that 6 power are 54W is laid at fish jar top, controls turning on light of fluorescent lamp T5 Time is 7h;
(3) add pasture and water nutrient:The root manure of optimised quantity is added on bottom, makes pasture and water obtain normal growth rate.
Wherein, the root manure of optimised quantity with identical in embodiment 5.
Comparative example 5
A kind of method that condition by comparative example 5 in table 1 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:
(1) pasture and water are planted:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 60cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 360L, Plantation Herba Phyllanthi Urinariae (Hemianthus micranthemoides) on bottom;
(2) adjust illuminator:The Halogen light that 2 power are 150W is laid at fish jar top, controls when turning on light of Halogen light Between be 10h;
(3) add pasture and water nutrient:Xiang Shuizhong adds the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity, makes pasture and water obtain normal growth rate.
Wherein, the liquid fertilizer of optimised quantity with identical in embodiment 1.
Method according to embodiment 1-6 and comparative example 1-5 cultivates pasture and water, observes the upgrowth situation of pasture and water, result after one week As shown in table 2.The method of embodiment 1-6 and comparative example 1-5 in terms of other cultivating conditions of pasture and water, such as water temperature, the water hardness, water PH value, CO2The all sames such as addition, have comparability each other.
Table pasture and water upgrowth situation after 2 one weeks
From table 2 it can be seen that algae does not all occur according to the pasture and water of the method cultivation of embodiment 1-6, optimal by adding The pasture and water nutrient of amount, makes pasture and water obtain the normal speed of growth, and pasture and water blade state is good, leaf color light is full, leaf Piece is unfolded.Comparative example 1 compared with the method for embodiment 4, comparative example 2 compared with embodiment 2 method, the unit volume luminous energy of fluorescent tube Measure relatively low although also not having algae to occur, but the speed of growth of pasture and water is slower, does not reach normal level, and following spot occurs in sprouting Phenomenon;Comparative example 3 compared with embodiment 3 method, comparative example 4 compared with embodiment 5 method, comparative example 5 and embodiment 1 method phase Higher than, the unit volume light energy of fluorescent tube although pasture and water can obtain the normal speed of growth, but occur in that algae, meeting Cause algae infestation.Additionally, the pasture and water of comparative example 3 and comparative example 4 occur, and blade is general red, stipes contracting in the pasture and water of comparative example 5 The phenomenon such as short, the appearance of these phenomenons is the pasture and water performance due to high unit volume light energy.In sum, when illuminator The ratio of the water yield in Power x lighting hours ÷ culture vessel can effectively prevent in the range of specifying in the methods of the invention The appearance of algae, and then pasture and water can be made to obtain the normal speed of growth by adding the pasture and water nutrient of optimised quantity.
Adjust the step (2) in embodiment 1~6 and comparative example 1~5 method, make unit volume light energy, i.e. each light fixture Power x light fixture number × lighting time ÷ fish jar in the ratio of the water yield be 5~6W h/L, change embodiment 1~6 and right The supply of pasture and water nutrient in step (3) in ratio 1~5 method, research Different Nutrition supply is to embodiment 1~6 He The impact of comparative example 1~5 pasture and water speed of growth, the pasture and water speed of growth is evaluated with the stipes number of growth in a week, result such as table 3 institute Show.Other cultivating conditions such as water temperature, the water hardness, water pH value, CO2The all sames such as addition.
The different pasture and water nutrient of table 3 is to embodiment 1~6 and comparative example 1~5 pasture and water speed of growth (stipes of growth in a week Number) impact
From table 3 it can be seen that in the case that unit volume light energy is certain, being supplied by the difference adjusting pasture and water nutrient Ying Liang, can be with the effective control pasture and water speed of growth, and under 5~6 unit volume light energy scope, this pasture and water speed of growth is just In control, the regulatable scope of the pasture and water speed of growth is to grow weekly 1~5 stipes.
Embodiment 7-18, studies different unit volumes taking green feather grass (Myriophyllum matogrossense) as a example The impact to green feather grass for the cultivating condition of light energy and Different Nutrition supply, concrete cultivating condition is as shown in table 4.Other are supported Grow condition such as water temperature, the water hardness, water pH value, CO2The all sames such as addition.
The different unit volume light energy of table 4 and the pasture and water cultivating condition of Different Nutrition supply
Note:The pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity of embodiment 7-18 is certain value, is in normal growth rate for pasture and water after adding Yellow leaf in (i.e. pasture and water grow weekly 3~4 stipes) and pasture and water, and/or blade reduce situation when pasture and water The addition of nutrient, the operation instruction with reference to pasture and water nutrient is added.
Embodiment 7
A kind of method that condition by embodiment 7 in table 4 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, bottom is planted green feather Grass;The ratio adjusting the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 3;Pasture and water are added with pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity Nutrient.
Embodiment 8
A kind of method that condition by embodiment 8 in table 4 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, bottom is planted green feather Grass;The ratio adjusting the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 3;Amount with pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity 50% Add pasture and water nutrient.
Embodiment 9
A kind of method that condition by embodiment 9 in table 4 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and prevents algal grown, including following Step:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, bottom is planted green feather Grass;The ratio adjusting the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 3;With pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity 200% Amount adds pasture and water nutrient.
Embodiment 10
A kind of condition by embodiment 10 in table 4 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and the method that prevents algal grown, including with Lower step:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, bottom is planted green plumage Hair grass;The ratio adjusting the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 5;Water is added with pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity Careless nutrient.
Embodiment 11
A kind of condition by embodiment 11 in table 4 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and the method that prevents algal grown, including with Lower step:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, bottom is planted green plumage Hair grass;The ratio adjusting the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 5;With pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity 50% Amount adds pasture and water nutrient.
Embodiment 12
A kind of condition by embodiment 12 in table 4 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and the method that prevents algal grown, including with Lower step:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, bottom is planted green plumage Hair grass;The ratio adjusting the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 5;With pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity 200% Amount add pasture and water nutrient.
Embodiment 13
A kind of condition by embodiment 13 in table 4 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and the method that prevents algal grown, including with Lower step:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, bottom is planted green plumage Hair grass;The ratio adjusting the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 7;Water is added with pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity Careless nutrient.
Embodiment 14
A kind of condition by embodiment 14 in table 4 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and the method that prevents algal grown, including with Lower step:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, bottom is planted green plumage Hair grass;The ratio adjusting the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 7;With pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity 50% Amount adds pasture and water nutrient.
Embodiment 15
A kind of condition by embodiment 15 in table 4 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and the method that prevents algal grown, including with Lower step:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, bottom is planted green plumage Hair grass;The ratio adjusting the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 7;With pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity 200% Amount add pasture and water nutrient.
Embodiment 16
A kind of condition by embodiment 16 in table 4 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and the method that prevents algal grown, including with Lower step:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, bottom is planted green plumage Hair grass;The ratio adjusting the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 9;Water is added with pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity Careless nutrient.
Embodiment 17
A kind of condition by embodiment 17 in table 4 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and the method that prevents algal grown, including with Lower step:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, bottom is planted green plumage Hair grass;The ratio adjusting the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 9;With pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity 50% Amount adds pasture and water nutrient.
Embodiment 18
A kind of condition by embodiment 18 in table 4 controls the pasture and water speed of growth and the method that prevents algal grown, including with Lower step:Lay bottom in a size of 120cm × 50cm × 50cm and the water yield fish jar bottom for 300L, bottom is planted green plumage Hair grass;The ratio adjusting the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 9;With pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity 200% Amount add pasture and water nutrient.
According to the method cultivation green feather grass of embodiment 7-18, observe the upgrowth situation of green feather grass after one week, result is such as Shown in table 5 and Fig. 1.
Table green feather grass upgrowth situation after 5 one weeks
Whether algae occurs The stipes number of growth in a week Pasture and water state
Embodiment 7 No 2 Pasture and water are followed spot, and stipes elongates
Embodiment 8 No 1 Pasture and water are followed spot, and stipes elongates
Embodiment 9 No 3 Pasture and water are followed spot, and stipes elongates
Embodiment 10 No 4 Pasture and water are emerald green
Embodiment 11 No 3 Pasture and water are emerald green
Embodiment 12 No 5 Pasture and water are emerald green
Embodiment 13 It is 4 Pasture and water are in yellow green
Embodiment 14 No 3 Pasture and water color is partially yellow
Embodiment 15 It is 5 Pasture and water are emerald green
Embodiment 16 It is 4 Pasture and water color is partially yellow
Embodiment 17 No 3 Pasture and water reduce partially yellow
Embodiment 18 It is 5 Pasture and water are in yellow green
From table 5 and Fig. 1 as can be seen that when the ratio of the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 3, Now light energy is inadequate, no matter nutrition supply is with one times of supply of optimised quantity supply or the half of optimised quantity, optimised quantity, all The growth of pasture and water, pasture and water undergrowth can not be met.When the ratio of the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 7 Or when 9, now light energy is sufficient, in the case of light energy abundance, if supplying nutrition with the half of optimised quantity, cause nutrition Lack, pasture and water are weak, impact is attractive in appearance, if with one times of supply nutrition of optimised quantity, nutritional sufficiency is even superfluous, causes algae to grow Raw.It tends to be difficult to control the dosage of nutrition in the case of light energy abundance, algae frequency easily occurs, cause pasture and water to raise main being stranded Disturb.When the ratio of the Power x lighting hours ÷ fish jar water yield of illuminator is 5, under conditions of suitable light energy, with One times of optimised quantity, the half of optimised quantity or optimised quantity supply nutrition is all without algae, and by the adjustment of nutrition, reaches Purpose to the speed controlling pasture and water growth.
Although illustrate and describing the present invention with specific embodiment, but it will be appreciated that without departing substantially from the present invention's Many other changes can be made in the case of spirit and scope and change.It is, therefore, intended that in the following claims Including all such changes and modifications belonging in the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of for controlling the pasture and water speed of growth and prevent the method for algal grown it is characterised in that comprising the following steps:? Illuminator is provided, in the Power x lighting hours ÷ culture vessel by control illuminator in the culture vessel of water environment The ratio of the water yield is 5~6W h/L, and adds pasture and water nutrient, to obtain the desired pasture and water speed of growth and to prevent algae Growth.
2. according to described in claim 1 for control the pasture and water speed of growth and prevent algal grown method it is characterised in that Comprise the following steps:
There is provided bottom and illuminator in the culture vessel of water environment, wherein, described bottom is vertical with described illuminator Distance is 40~90cm;
The ratio controlling the water yield in the Power x lighting hours ÷ culture vessel of illuminator is 5~6W h/L;
Add pasture and water nutrient, to obtain the desired pasture and water speed of growth and to prevent the growth of algae.
3. according to described in claim 2 for control the pasture and water speed of growth and prevent algal grown method it is characterised in that Described bottom is 40~70cm with the vertical dimension of described illuminator, and/or,
The ratio controlling the water yield in the Power x lighting hours ÷ culture vessel of illuminator is 5.04~5.4W h/L.
4. according to described in any one of claim 1-3 for controlling the pasture and water speed of growth and the method preventing algal grown, its It is characterised by, described bottom does not initially include or includes the fertilizer less than optimised quantity.
5. according to described in claim 4 for control the pasture and water speed of growth and prevent algal grown method it is characterised in that The lighting hours of described illuminator are 4~12h.
6. according to described in claim 5 for control the pasture and water speed of growth and prevent algal grown method it is characterised in that Described illuminator is fluorescent tube, and the power of described fluorescent tube is 24~150W.
7. according to described in claim 6 for control the pasture and water speed of growth and prevent algal grown method it is characterised in that The number of described fluorescent tube is at least one.
8. according to described in claim 6 or 7, for controlling the pasture and water speed of growth and the method preventing algal grown, its feature exists In the lighting time of described fluorescent tube is 5~8h.
9. according to described in claim 1 for control the pasture and water speed of growth and prevent algal grown method it is characterised in that Described pasture and water nutrient is added with the 50~200% of pasture and water nutrient optimised quantity amount.
10. according to described in any one of claim 1-3 for controlling the pasture and water speed of growth and the method preventing algal grown, its It is characterised by, comprise the following steps:
In the aquatic weed cylinder bottom laying bottom that height is 30~60cm and the water yield is 50~400L, described bottom plants pasture and water, The fluorescent tube that 2~6 power are 24~80W is laid at described aquatic weed cylinder top, and described fluorescent tube is fluorescent lamp, the turning on light of described fluorescent lamp Time is 5~8h;
Add liquid fertilizer in a controlled manner and/or add root manure, to obtain the desired pasture and water speed of growth on bottom in water With the growth preventing algae.
CN201610781546.4A 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 Method for controlling growth speed of water grass and preventing growth of algae Pending CN106376372A (en)

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