CN106361085A - 一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕 - Google Patents

一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕 Download PDF

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CN106361085A
CN106361085A CN201610905275.9A CN201610905275A CN106361085A CN 106361085 A CN106361085 A CN 106361085A CN 201610905275 A CN201610905275 A CN 201610905275A CN 106361085 A CN106361085 A CN 106361085A
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parts
radix
pillow
rhizoma
radix angelicae
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张光宇
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Chongqing Three Gorges Medical College
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种药枕,具体为一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕,由枕套和枕芯组成,其枕芯是由以下重量份数的中药组成,桂枝30~50份,白芷20~40份,川芎20~40份,羌活20~50份,独活20~50份,威灵仙20~45份,细辛20~40份,防己20~40份,苍术20~40份,葛根20~40份,决明子30~50份,当归30~50份,木瓜30~50份,杜仲30~50份,五加皮20~50份,血藤30~50份,法半夏20~50份,陈皮30~40份,桑叶30~50份,菊花30~50份,伸筋草30~50份,透骨草30~50份,刺蒺藜20~50份,酸枣仁20~50份,艾叶20~40份,蛇床子20~40份,冰片10~40份,安息香10~40份,樟脑10~40份。本发明公开的药枕对颈椎病引起的头痛、眩晕、耳鸣、记忆力减退、肢痛肢麻、心慌等并发症均有很好的治疗效果。

Description

一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕
技术领域
本发明涉及一种药枕,具体涉及一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕。
背景技术
中医认为颈椎病是在肝肾不足、筋脉失养的基础上,风寒湿邪侵袭、劳损瘀血内阻、肝阳肝风上扰,导致头颈经脉痹阻,而引发相应症状。随着人们生活水平的提高和生活节奏的加快,日常用电脑、开车、办公等久坐的情况越来越多,脊柱的力学平衡长时间处于失调状态;再加上缺乏锻炼、熬夜、作息不规律,从中医中理论上讲,肾藏精、肝藏血,这些因素都会导致精血暗耗,使肝肾功能降低,肾主骨、肝主筋,肝肾不足、筋脉失养,使颈椎的退变提前、加重,从而导致颈椎病频发,并向年轻化、严重化方向发展,严重影响了患者正常工作和生活,危害着人们的健康,降低了生命质量。
颈椎病又称颈椎综合征,是颈椎骨关节炎、增生性颈椎炎、颈神经根综合征、颈椎盘脱出症的总称,是一种以退行性病理改变为基础的疾患,常见症状有颈项僵痛、上肢放射样疼痛麻木、头痛头胀、眩晕、耳鸣、眼涩眼胀、心慌等。目前颈椎病的常见治疗方法中,口服药物治疗需要内服药物通过肠胃吸收、消化、分解,最后通过血液循环,才可将药物输入送给局部,效果较为缓慢,且药物对肝、肾、胃肠有较大损伤;牵引理疗等方法,需要到医院进行,其疗效单一,不方便,治疗费用较高;针灸、小针刀等方法有针刺的痛苦;手术法的并发症与禁忌症较多,危险高,痛苦大。
发明内容
有鉴于此,本发明为了解决现有颈椎病治疗方法及药物各自存在上述不同缺点的问题,本发明的目的在于提供一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕。
本发明采用如下技术方案实现的:
一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕,由枕套和枕芯组成,其枕芯是由以下重量份数的中药组成,桂枝30~50份,白芷20~40份,川芎20~40份,羌活20~50份,独活20~50份,威灵仙20~45份,细辛20~40份,防己20~40份,苍术20~40份,葛根20~40份,决明子30~50份,当归30~50份,木瓜30~50份,杜仲30~50份,五加皮20~50份,血藤30~50份,法半夏20~50份,陈皮30~40份,桑叶30~50份,菊花30~50份,伸筋草30~50份,透骨草30~50份,刺蒺藜20~50份,酸枣仁20~50份,艾叶20~40份,蛇床子20~40份,冰片10~40份,安息香10~40份,樟脑10~40份。
更加优选的,其枕芯是由以下重量份数的中药组成,桂枝30份,白芷20份,川芎20份,羌活20份,独活20份,威灵仙20份,细辛20份,防己20份,苍术20份,葛根20份,决明子30份,当归30份,木瓜30份,杜仲30份,五加皮20份,血藤30份,法半夏20份,陈皮30份,桑叶30份,菊花30份,伸筋草30份,透骨草30份,刺蒺藜20份,酸枣仁20份,艾叶20份,蛇床子20份,冰片10份,安息香10份,樟脑10份。
上述药物中,桂枝:性味辛、甘、温,入肺、心、膀胱经,发汗解肌、温经通脉、助阳化气、散寒止痛。白芷:性辛、温,入肺、脾、胃经,祛风、燥湿、消肿、止痛,主治头痛、眉棱骨痛。川芎:性辛、温,入肝、胆经,行气开郁、祛风燥湿、活血止痛,主治风冷头痛眩晕、胁痛腹疼、寒痹筋挛。羌活:味辛、苦,性温,入膀胱、肾经,散表寒、祛风湿、利关节、止痛,主治感冒风寒、头痛无汗、风寒湿痹、项强筋急、骨节酸疼、风水浮肿、痈疽疮毒。独活:味辛、苦,性微温,归肾、膀胱经,祛风除湿、通痹止痛,主治风寒湿痹、腰膝疼痛、少阴伏风头痛、风寒挟湿头痛。威灵仙:性辛、咸、温,归膀胱经、肝经,祛风除湿、通络止痛,主治风湿痹痛、肢体麻木、筋脉拘挛、屈伸不利、骨骾咽喉。细辛:性味辛、温,归心、肺、肾经,解表散寒、祛风止痛、通窍、温肺化饮。防己:味辛、苦,性寒,归膀胱、肺经,祛风止痛、利水消肿,主治风湿痹痛、湿疹疮毒。苍术:味辛、苦,性温,归脾、胃、肝经,燥湿健脾、祛风湿、明目,主治头身重痛、痹证、肢节酸痛重着、痿痹、夜盲。葛根:味甘、辛,性凉,归肺、胃经,解肌退热、透疹,主治表证发热、项背强痛、麻疹不透、热病口渴、阴虚消渴。决明子:味甘、苦,性寒,微咸,归肝、大肠经,清肝明目、润肠通便,主治目赤涩痛、羞明多泪、头痛眩晕、目暗不明、大便秘结。当归:性味甘、辛、温,归肝、心、脾经,补血、活血、调经止痛,主治血虚诸证、肌肤麻木、肠燥便难、赤痢后重、痈疽疮疡、跌扑损伤。木瓜:性温,味酸,归肝经、脾经,平肝舒筋、和胃化湿,主治湿痹拘挛、腰膝关节酸肿疼痛。杜仲:味辛、平,归肝经、肾经、肺经,补肝肾、强筋骨,主治肾虚腰痛、筋骨无力。五加皮:味辛、苦,性温,入肝、肾经,祛风湿、补益肝肾、强筋壮骨、利水消肿,主治风湿痹病、筋骨痿软。血藤:味辛、酸,性温,归肝、肺、心、胃经,活血祛瘀、理气化痰,主治跌打损伤、心胃气痛、肢节酸疼。法半夏:性味辛、温,归脾、胃、肺经,燥湿化痰,主治痰多咳喘、痰饮、眩悸、风痰眩晕、痰厥头痛。陈皮:味苦、辛,性温,归肺、脾经,理气健脾、燥湿化痰,主治脘腹胀满、食少吐泻、咳嗽痰多。桑叶:味苦、甘,性寒,归肺、肝经,疏散风热、清肺润燥、平肝明目、凉血止血,主治风热感冒,温病初起、肺热咳嗽、肝阳上亢眩晕、目赤昏花、血热妄行之咳血、吐血。菊花:味苦、甘,性微寒,归肺、肝经,散风清热、平肝明目,清热解毒,主治风热感冒、头痛眩晕、目赤肿痛、眼目昏花、疮痈肿毒。伸筋草:味苦、微辛,性温,归肝、脾、肾经,祛风除湿、舒筋活络,主治关节酸痛、屈伸不利。透骨草:性味甘、辛、温,入肺、肝二经,祛风、除湿、舒筋、活血、止痛,主治风湿痹痛、筋骨挛缩、寒湿脚气、疮癣肿毒。刺蒺藜:性味苦辛、温,入肝、肺经,散风、明目、下气、行血,主治头痛、身痒、目赤肿翳、胸满、咳逆、癥瘕、乳难、痈疽、瘰疬。酸枣仁:性味甘、平,入心、脾、肝经,宁心安神、敛汗生津,主治虚烦不眠、惊悸健忘、虚汗烦渴。艾叶:性味辛、苦,温,归肝、脾、肾经,温经止血、散寒止痛、外用祛湿止痒。蛇床子:味辛、苦,性温,归肾经,燥湿祛风、杀虫止痒、温肾壮阳。冰片:性味辛苦、凉,入心、肝经,开窍醒神、清热散毒、明目退翳,主治热病高热神昏、中风痰厥惊痫、暑湿蒙蔽清窍、喉痹耳聋、口疮齿肿、疮痈疳痔、目赤肿痛、翳膜遮睛。安息香:性味辛、苦,平,归心、脾经,开窍清神、行气活血、止痛,主治中风痰厥、产后血晕、小儿惊风。樟脑:性味辛,有毒,归心、脾经,通关窍、利滞气,主治邪气、霍乱、心腹痛、寒湿脚气、疥癣、风瘙。
本发明的有益效果在于:本发明所述的药物配方及配比是申请人根据中医理论和多年的临床经验得到的,其中桂枝具有温经通阳、发汗谢表、助阳化气、并善走上肢,配葛根、木瓜以解肌舒筋、升阳透散、驱泄诸邪。白芷、川芎、羌活、独活、威灵仙、细辛、防己、苍术等药物具有散寒、祛风、除湿的作用,能疏通头面、颈项及上肢部的经络血脉,利关节、止痹痛,针对颈椎病的病因病机和症状都有很好的治疗意义。当归、血藤活血祛瘀、止痛,艾叶温经散寒、祛湿止痛,能很好地改善局部的血液循环,实现“痛则不通”。杜仲、五加皮能补肝肾、强筋骨,蛇床子燥湿祛风、温肾壮阳,针对颈椎病的“肝肾不足、筋脉失养”的病变基础进行治疗,以治病求本。桑叶、菊花、决明子具有疏散风热、清肝明目的作用,法半夏、陈皮能燥湿化痰,配以刺蒺藜的散风、明目、下气、行血能缓解颈椎病的头痛眩晕、目痛目胀等头目的症状。伸筋草、透骨草能祛风除湿、舒筋活络,可治疗颈项僵痛、肢体麻木、屈伸不利;酸枣仁宁心安神,可缓解心慌心悸、虚烦不眠等症状。冰片、安息香具有开窍醒神的作用,樟脑能通关窍、利滞气,同时三药合用能促进药物的透皮吸收。
以上药物配伍合理,疗效显著,本发明在药枕内加装的纯中药具有祛风除湿、散寒止痛、活血通络、解肌舒筋、补益肝肾、清利头目的作用,标本兼治,对颈椎病引起的头痛、眩晕、耳鸣、记忆力减退、肢痛肢麻、心慌等并发症均有很好的治疗效果,其治疗原理是当药枕温度与人体皮肤温度相匹配时,皮肤毛孔打开,药物产生活性物质,透过皮肤屏障,达到病痛之处,改善局部的血液循环,将积存于颈部风湿寒邪顺其毛孔排出体外,实现根治效果。
具体实施方式
下面对本发明的优选实施例进行详细的描述。实施例中未注明具体条件的实验方法,通常按照常规条件或按照制造厂商所建议的条件。
实施例1
一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕,由枕套和枕芯组成,枕芯由以下重量份数的中药组成:桂枝30份,白芷20份,川芎20份,羌活20份,独活20份,威灵仙20份,细辛20份,防己20份,苍术20份,葛根20份,决明子30份,当归30份,木瓜30份,杜仲30份,五加皮20份,血藤30份,法半夏20份,陈皮30份,桑叶30份,菊花30份,伸筋草30份,透骨草30份,刺蒺藜20份,酸枣仁20份,艾叶20份,蛇床子20份,冰片10份,安息香10份,樟脑10份。先按配量称取枕芯所用各种中药,再将各种中药进行粉碎并混合均匀,将其装入枕芯内并充实即可。
在制作药枕时,在制作药枕时,使用纯棉布料,枕头为长度40cm、横截面直径12cm的圆柱体形状。使用时,患者采用仰卧位,将药枕放于平整处,靠近肩膀,枕于颈下,头部稍后仰,依靠头部自重,沿颈椎生理曲度产生180度弧线牵引力群,使七节颈椎均匀充分拉开,逐步矫正扭曲变直的颈椎生理曲线,使之恢复正常序列、重建力学平衡,伸展被压迫、扭曲的椎动脉、使椎动脉开放畅通、改善脑部供血,消除颈椎病的头昏、眩晕、目胀痛、耳鸣等头面部的症状;同时,对颈项部肌肉和软组织进行牵伸,缓解肌痉挛,开放局部血液循环,加速炎性物质的吸收、分解,减少其对神经和局部组织的刺激,达到解痉止痛的作用;颈椎序列的改善,可扩大椎间孔,减轻对神经根的压迫刺激,从而缓解颈项僵痛、酸楚不适、上肢的放射样疼痛和麻木等症状;
实施例2
一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕,由枕套和枕芯组成,枕芯由以下重量份数的中药组成:桂枝40份,白芷30份,川芎30份,羌活30份,独活30份,威灵仙30份,细辛30份,防己30份,苍术30份,葛根40份,决明子40份,当归40份,木瓜50份,杜仲40份,五加皮45份,血藤45份,法半夏45份,陈皮35份,桑叶45份,菊花40份,伸筋草40份,透骨草40份,刺蒺藜25份,酸枣仁25份,艾叶25份,蛇床子25份,冰片35份,安息香35份,樟脑35份。制作方法同实施例1。
实施例3
一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕,由枕套和枕芯组成,枕芯由以下重量份数的中药组成:桂枝35份,白芷20份,川芎40份,羌活45份,独活25份,威灵仙38份,细辛38份,防己28份,苍术25份,葛根35份,决明子42份,当归44份,木瓜40份,杜仲36份,五加皮35份,血藤45份,法半夏45份,陈皮35份,桑叶35份,菊花40份,伸筋草40份,透骨草35份,刺蒺藜28份,酸枣仁22份,艾叶32份,蛇床子25份,冰片12份,安息香10份,樟脑10份。制作方法同实施例1。
实施例4
一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕,由枕套和枕芯组成,枕芯由以下重量份数的中药组成:桂枝50份,白芷20份,川芎40份,羌活20份,独活50份,威灵仙20份,细辛40份,防己20份,苍术40份,葛根20份,决明子50份,当归30份,木瓜30份,杜仲50份,五加皮20份,血藤50份,法半夏20份,陈皮30份,桑叶50份,菊花30份,伸筋草50份,透骨草50份,刺蒺藜20份,酸枣仁20份,艾叶20份,蛇床子20份,冰片10份,安息香1份,樟脑10份。制作方法同实施例1。
实施例5
一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕,由枕套和枕芯组成,枕芯由以下重量份数的中药组成:桂枝30份,白芷20份,川芎20份,羌活20份,独活20份,威灵仙20份,细辛20份,防己20份,苍术20份,葛根20份,决明子30份,当归30份,木瓜30份,杜仲30份,五加皮20份,血藤30份,法半夏20份,陈皮30份,桑叶30份,菊花30份,伸筋草30份,透骨草30份,刺蒺藜20份,酸枣仁20份,艾叶20份,蛇床子20份,冰片10份,安息香10份,樟脑10份。制作方法同实施例1。
为了表明本发明药物对颈椎病的治疗效果,临床观察100例颈椎病患者应用本发明实施例5所制备的药枕的治疗情况:
疗效标准
1、好转:病情得到控制,头痛、手指麻木等有所减轻;
2、显效:病情明显好转,头痛有所好转,手指不再麻木,不眩晕,精力充沛;
3、治愈,病情全部消失,各项指标全部正常,头清目明,精神健旺。
用法:每次使用最佳时间为15—30分钟,初期如有不适感,属正常现象,应减少每次使用时间,并增加每天使用次数,一个月为一疗程。
临床结果如下:
治愈人数50人,治愈率50%,显效45人,显效率45%,好转3人,好转率3%,总有效率为98%。
典型病例:
1、陈某,女,48岁,颈项僵痛不适、活动不利5年,上肢麻木、头昏沉,用天麻丸、颈复康等中西药治疗,疗效不明显,后使用本发明所述药枕,5天后颈项和头部症状缓解,一疗程效果明显好转,三个疗程症状消失。
2、王某,男,55岁,颈项僵痛伴有眩晕、疲倦、记忆力减退,工作质量下降;x线检查示颈椎曲度变直。采用中药内服外用,西药抗生素、激素等治疗长达两年之久,效果不佳,后使用本发明所述药枕,一个疗程后颈项部的症状减轻,第二个疗程眩晕、疲倦等症状减轻,第三个疗程相关症状消除,x线检查示颈椎曲度恢复正常。
3、冉某,女,52岁,颈项酸痛、肩部沉重、拇指和食指麻木3年,x线检查示颈椎骨质增生,椎间孔变小。使用本发明所述药枕,一个半疗程后颈肩的症状明显好转,三个疗程后,拇、食指麻木的症状消失。
4、许某,男,42岁,患有颈椎病5年,症状为头昏沉、视物昏花、易疲倦,时常眩晕、恶心,低头时上述症状加剧;x线检查示颈椎序列不齐,曲度变直、反弓。使用本发明所述药枕一个疗程后,症状全部消失,两个疗程后进行x线检查,颈椎曲度恢复正常。
通过进一步临床实验验证,本发明实施例1~4所制备的药枕对颈椎病引起的头痛、眩晕、耳鸣、记忆力减退、肢痛肢麻、心慌等并发症均有很好的治疗效果。
最后说明的是,以上优选实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案而非限制,尽管通过上述优选实施例已经对本发明进行了详细的描述,但本领域技术人员应当理解,可以在形式上和细节上对其作出各种各样的改变,而不偏离本发明权利要求书所限定的范围。

Claims (2)

1.一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕,由枕套和枕芯组成,其特征在于,其枕芯是由以下重量份数的中药组成,桂枝30~50份,白芷20~40份,川芎20~40份,羌活20~50份,独活20~50份,威灵仙20~45份,细辛20~40份,防己20~40份,苍术20~40份,葛根20~40份,决明子30~50份,当归30~50份,木瓜30~50份,杜仲30~50份,五加皮20~50份,血藤30~50份,法半夏20~50份,陈皮30~40份,桑叶30~50份,菊花30~50份,伸筋草30~50份,透骨草30~50份,刺蒺藜20~50份,酸枣仁20~50份,艾叶20~40份,蛇床子20~40份,冰片10~40份,安息香10~40份,樟脑10~40份。
2.根据权利要求1所述一种治疗颈椎病的中药枕,其特征在于,其枕芯是由以下重量份数的中药组成,桂枝30份,白芷20份,川芎20份,羌活20份,独活20份,威灵仙20份,细辛20份,防己20份,苍术20份,葛根20份,决明子30份,当归30份,木瓜30份,杜仲30份,五加皮20份,血藤30份,法半夏20份,陈皮30份,桑叶30份,菊花30份,伸筋草30份,透骨草30份,刺蒺藜20份,酸枣仁20份,艾叶20份,蛇床子20份,冰片10份,安息香10份,樟脑10份。
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