CN109157084A - 一种治疗颈椎病的药枕 - Google Patents

一种治疗颈椎病的药枕 Download PDF

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CN109157084A
CN109157084A CN201810970234.7A CN201810970234A CN109157084A CN 109157084 A CN109157084 A CN 109157084A CN 201810970234 A CN201810970234 A CN 201810970234A CN 109157084 A CN109157084 A CN 109157084A
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medicine
pillow
cervical spondylosis
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stem
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李珍斌
谢朝林
赵倩兰
黄得黎
石新明
严玲
邹靖
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Gongan County Hospital Of Traditional Chinese Hospital
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种治疗颈椎病的药枕,属治疗颈椎病的中草药制剂技术领域。它以葛根、桂枝为君药,白芷、防风、桑枝、红花、川芎、艾叶为臣药,石菖蒲、夜交藤为佐药,决明子、菊花、通草、厚朴、佩兰为使药的十五味中草药制成。本发明针对现有手术或内服西药等治疗颈椎病的不足,基于祖国医学对颈椎病的发病机理的研究和治疗原则,该颈椎治疗枕采用人体工学设计,自然牵引,修复颈椎曲度。枕心的填充物采用十五味纯中草药研磨而成,药气透腠理,入脏腑缓慢而持久地发挥药效,达到闻香祛病的目的。从物理角度和中药保健角度两方面共同作用快速恢复颈椎健康,具有舒经活络、理气止痛,镇静安神之功。对人体无副作用,具有治疗简便,疗效显著,标本兼治的特点,治疗总有效率可达到97.6%。

Description

一种治疗颈椎病的药枕
技术领域
本发明涉及一种治疗颈椎病的药枕,属治疗颈椎病的中草药制剂技术领域。
背景技术
颈椎病是一种临床常见病、多发病,是颈椎骨关节炎、增生性颈椎炎、颈神经根综合症、颈椎间盘突出症的总称,是一种以退行性病理改变为基础的疾患。它属于中医“项痹”“眩晕病”的范畴。
颈椎病患病周期长,极难治愈,只能采取缓解疼痛的方法予以解决。目前,对此病症的治疗方法有四种:即:物理治疗、内服药物治疗、外敷膏药、手术治疗治疗。
(1)物理疗法:如传统的牵引、推拿、按摩、火罐、针灸以及通过红外线、微波等热、光、电、声的物理方法治疗,此种治疗方法需占用患者大量宝贵时间。
(2)内服药物治疗:目前临床上治疗颈椎病的口服药物主要为镇痛剂、肌肉松弛剂、镇静抗焦虑药物等。但这类药物有胃肠道副作用,对造血系统、肾脏、肝脏有不同程度的毒性反应以及变态反应。
(3)外贴膏药治疗:外贴膏药的治疗主要是将药物的药效通过皮肤表面由表及里对病灶处进行直接治疗,此种治疗方法只能起到暂时缓解作用,治标不治本。
(4)主要是采取在病灶处切除的方法,此种治疗方法病人痛苦大,具有一定的风险性,且治疗费用高。
因此,急需一种不需要额外占用患者时间(利用休息睡眠时间即可)、毒副作用小、价格低廉的能有效治疗颈椎病的中药药枕。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于,针对上述现有技术的不足,提供一种治疗颈椎病的药枕,颈椎病人的颈椎曲度大多变直或反弓,要治疗颈椎病就要对变形的颈椎进行矫正,当患者仰卧在枕头上的时候,依靠头部自身的重力作用,自动对变形的颈椎进行了矫正,本发明采用十五种纯中草药枕芯,按照中医理论进行配伍,然后装于枕内,依靠特有中草药特有的芳香气味,通过人睡眠时头温使枕内药物的有效成分缓慢散发出来,达到“闻香祛病”的目的,对颈椎病所引起的颈肩酸痛、头晕耳鸣、失眠多梦和神疲乏力疗效显著。
本发明是通过如下技术方案来实现上述目的的:
一种治疗颈椎病的药枕,它由枕套和枕芯构成,枕套内活动设置有枕芯,其特征在于,枕芯内填充有如下重量份的原料药(单位:份):
决明子35-45, 白芷45-55, 红花35-45,
菊花75-85, 佩兰45-55, 川芎35-45,
通草55-65, 桂枝20-30, 厚朴35-45,
石菖蒲20-30, 桑枝35-45, 防风35-45,
葛根65-75, 艾叶115-125, 夜交藤45-55。
优选地,上述枕芯内填充有如下重量份的原料药(单位:份):
决明子38-42, 白芷48-52, 红花38-42,
菊花78-82, 佩兰48-52, 川芎38-42,
通草58-62, 桂枝23-28, 厚朴38-42,
石菖蒲23-28, 桑枝38-42, 防风38-42,
葛根68-72, 艾叶118-122, 夜交藤48-52。
优选地,上述枕芯内填充有如下重量份的原料药(单位:份):
决明子40, 白芷50 , 红花40 ,
菊花80 , 佩兰50 , 川芎40 ,
通草60 桂枝25 , 厚朴40 ,
石菖蒲25 , 桑枝40 , 防风40 ,
葛根70 , 艾叶120 , 夜交藤50 。
上述枕芯的原料药是基于祖国医学对颈椎病的发病机理的研究和治疗原则,按中医理论组方,使其在药剂中具有舒经活络、理气止痛之功效,其中葛根、桂枝为君药,桂枝加葛根汤,出自于《伤寒论》,可以解肌发表,升津舒经,主治风寒客于太阳经,营卫不和证,桂枝证兼项背强而不舒者。此外,足太阳膀胱经“从巅入络脑,还出别下项,循肩膊内,夹脊抵腰中”,颈椎病与足太阳膀胱经关系密切,而桂枝归膀胱经。现代医学研究发现,葛根总黄酮能扩张冠状动脉和脑血管,增加冠状血流量和脑血流量,降低心肌耗氧量,增加氧供应,对颈椎病引起的头晕、颈项强直疗效显著;白芷、防风、桑枝、红花、川芎、艾叶为臣药,桑枝本身具有祛风湿,利关节的功效,且能引药上行,使药物直达病所,白芷、防风祛风散寒,胜湿止痛,加强桂枝、葛根的作用;红花、川芎、艾叶活血止痛;石菖蒲、夜交藤为佐药,石菖蒲、夜交藤归心经,具有安神的功效,且二者配合可以加强白芷、防风祛风通络化湿的作用;决明子、菊花、通草、厚朴、佩兰为使药,菊花、佩兰、厚朴在药理学中均含有挥发油,作为使药,载诸药入肌肤腠理,使诸药缓慢而持久地发挥作用;决明子略带青草香味,对于颈椎病引起的失眠患者,闻着来自大自然的清新气息会让人放松,更容易入睡。此外,决明子的质感稍微偏硬,与诸中草药配合,使颈椎治疗枕的软硬正好适合。
本发明中枕芯的原料组份中,每组份原料的药理及药效为:
决明子:甘、苦、咸,微寒。归肝、大肠经。清热明目,润肠通便。《本草求真》:“决明子,除风散热……力薄气浮,又能升散风邪,故为治目收泪止痛之要药。并可作枕以治头风。”
白芷:辛,温。归肺、胃、大肠经。解表散寒,祛风止痛,通鼻窍,燥湿止带,消肿排脓。《本草纲目》:“妇人血风眩运,翻胃吐食;解砒毒,蛇毒,刀箭金疮” 。
红花:辛,温。归心、肝经。活血通经,祛瘀止痛,治经闭,症瘕,难产,死胎,产后恶露不行、瘀血作痛,痈肿,跌扑损伤。《本草汇言》:“红花、破血、行血、和血、调血之药也。”
菊花:辛、甘、苦,微寒。归肺、肝经。疏散风热,平抑肝阳,清肝明目,清热解毒,用于风热感冒,头痛眩晕,目赤肿痛,眼目昏花。《神农本草经》:“主诸风头眩、肿痛,目欲脱,泪出,皮肤死肌,恶风湿痹,利血气” 。
佩兰:辛,平。归脾、胃、肺经。芳香化湿,醒脾开胃,发表解暑。《神农本草经》:“主利水道,杀蛊毒,辟不详。久服益气,轻身不老,通神明” 。
川芎:辛、温。归肝、胆、心包经。行气开郁,法风燥湿,活血止痛。治风冷头痛旋晕,胁痛腹疼,寒痹筋挛,经闭,难产,产后瘀阻块痛,痈疽疮疡。用于月经不调,经闭痛经,瘕腹痛,胸胁刺痛,跌扑肿痛,头痛,风湿痹痛。《本草汇言》:“川芎,上行头目,下调经水,中开郁结,血中气药……尝为当归所使,非第治血有功,而治气亦神效也……味辛性阳,气善走窜,而无阴凝粘滞之态,虽入血分,又能去一切风,调一切气” 。
通草:甘、淡,微寒。归肺、胃经。利尿通淋,通气下乳。《日华子本草》谓其“明目,退热,催生,下胎,下乳” 。
桂枝:辛、甘,温。归心、肺、膀胱经。发汗解肌,温通经脉,助阳化气,平冲降气。《本草经疏》:“实表祛邪。主利肝肺气,头痛,风痹骨节疼痛” 。
厚朴:苦、辛,温。归脾、胃、肺、大肠经。行气消积,燥湿除满,降逆平喘。《神农本草经》:“主中风伤寒,头痛,寒热,惊悸,气血痹,死肌,去三虫” 。
石菖蒲:辛、苦,温。归心、胃经。开窍醒神,化湿和胃,宁神益志。《神农本草经》:“主风寒湿痹,咳逆上气,开心孔,补五脏,通九窍,明耳目,出音声。久服轻身,不忘,不迷惑,延年” 。
桑枝:微苦,平。归肝经。祛风湿而善达四肢经络,通利关节,痹证新久、寒热均可应用,尤宜于风湿热痹,肩臂、关节酸痛麻木者。《本草备要》:“利关节,养津液,行水祛风” 。
防风:辛、甘,微温。归膀胱、肝、脾经。祛风解表,胜湿止痛,止痉。《神农本草经》:“主大风头眩痛,恶风,风邪,目盲无所见,风行周身,骨节疼痹,烦满” 。
葛根:甘、辛,凉。归脾、胃经。发汗解表,解肌退热,高血压颈项强痛。《伤寒论》:“太阳病,项背强几几,无汗,恶风者,葛根汤主之” 。
艾叶:辛、苦,温,有小毒。归肝、脾、肾经。散寒止痛,温经止血。用于少腹冷痛,经寒不调,宫冷不孕,吐血,衄血,崩漏经多,妊娠下血;外治皮肤瘙痒。《本草纲目》:“艾叶服之则走三阴而逐一切寒湿,转肃杀之气为融和;灸之则透诸经而治百种病邪,起沉疴之人为康泰,其功亦大矣” 。
夜交藤:甘、平。归心、肝经。用于失眠多梦,血虚身痛,风湿痹痛;外治皮肤瘙痒。《本草正义》:“治夜少安寐” 。
本发明与现有技术相比的有益效果在于:
该治疗颈椎病的药枕为一高40cm,底面直径9cm的圆柱形,枕套用纯棉老粗布缝制,外口为可调伸缩枕口,方便拆洗;纯棉内胆,结实亲肤更透气。枕芯由15味中草药经典配方组成填充。采用人体工学设计,自然牵引,修复颈椎曲度。枕芯的填充物采用十五味纯中草药研磨而成,药气透腠理,入脏腑缓慢而持久地发挥药效,达到闻香祛病的目的。从物理角度和中药保健角度两方面共同作用快速恢复颈椎健康,具有舒经活络、理气止痛,镇静安神之功。对人体无副作用,合理利用人体睡眠休息时间、具有治疗简便,疗效显著,标本兼治的特点,治疗颈椎病有效率达97%以上。
本发明药枕枕芯内填充物的具体实施例
称取上述各实施例中的原料药,将葛根、桑枝、桂枝、白芷、防风、川芎、石菖蒲、夜交藤、通草、厚朴、佩兰研磨成大小约3mm颗粒状,而后与菊花、红花、艾叶、决明子混合均匀,并将磨好混匀的原料缝制在枕芯内。
注意事项:孕妇及婴幼儿慎用。
为了说明本发明对治疗颈椎病的疗效,本发明经过对166例患者进行了临床观察,其临床数据如下:
1、一般数据:166例颈椎病患者均为门诊患者,男性87例,女性79例,以上病例均经过颈椎四位片检查及详细体格检查后做出的判断。
2、疗效评定标准:
治愈:头晕、颈肩部症状、体征消失,椎间孔挤压试验及臂丛神经牵拉试验阴性;
显效:头晕、颈肩部症状、体征大部分消失,时有头晕,椎间孔挤压试验及臂丛神经牵拉试验至少一项阴性;
好转:头晕、颈肩部症状减轻,体征较前有所好转,椎间孔挤压试验及臂丛神经牵拉试验至少一项阴性;
无效:治疗前后症状、体征无明显变化。
3、临床观察数据统计表
典型病例
病例1
XXX,女,61岁,江陵县马家寨乡人。患者颈肩部疼痛半年,近日来加重,右侧斜方肌痉挛性疼痛,颈椎后伸受限。遂于2012年4月12日来我院门诊求治。查体:颈椎右侧压痛,椎间孔挤压试验右侧阳性。颈椎四位片示:颈椎生理曲度变直,C3/4、C4/5椎体向右旋转,C4/5双侧椎间孔变窄。诊断为颈椎病。使用上述中草药制成的药枕后疼痛缓解,继续使用2月后无明显疼痛,半年后随访未见复发。
病例2
XXX,男,41岁,夹竹园镇金山村人。患者颈肩部疼痛伴左上肢麻木半年,偶发头晕,无恶心呕吐、心慌胸闷。经口服药物后,症状未见明显改善。2013年3月11日来我院门诊求治。查体:颈椎左侧压痛,左上肢臂丛神经牵拉试验阳性。颈椎四位片示:颈椎生理曲度反弓,C3/4、C4/5 、C5/6椎体向左旋转,C4/5双侧椎间孔变窄。诊断为颈椎病。使用上述中草药制成的药枕2月后,疼痛缓解,麻木减轻。仍巩固治疗2个月,半年后随访未见复发。
以上所述只是本发明的较佳实施例而已,上述举例说明不对本发明的实质内容作任何形式上的限制,所属技术领域的普通技术人员在阅读了本说明书后依据本发明的技术实质对以上具体实施方式所作的任何简单修改或变形,以及可能利用上述揭示的技术内容加以变更或修饰为等同变化的等效实施例,均仍属于本发明技术方案的范围内,而不背离本发明的实质和范围。

Claims (3)

1.一种治疗颈椎病的药枕,它由枕套和枕芯构成,枕套内活动设置有枕芯,其特征在于:枕芯内填充有如下重量份的原料药(单位:份):
决明子35-45, 白芷45-55, 红花35-45,
菊花75-85, 佩兰45-55, 川芎35-45,
通草55-65, 桂枝20-30, 厚朴35-45,
石菖蒲20-30, 桑枝35-45, 防风35-45,
葛根65-75, 艾叶115-125, 夜交藤45-55;
上述原料药中,葛根、桂枝为君药,白芷、防风、桑枝、红花、川芎、艾叶为臣药,石菖蒲、夜交藤为佐药,决明子、菊花、通草、厚朴、佩兰为使药。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种治疗颈椎病的药枕,其特征在于:所述的枕芯内填充有如下重量份的原料药(单位:份):
决明子38-42, 白芷48-52, 红花38-42,
菊花78-82, 佩兰48-52, 川芎38-42,
通草58-62, 桂枝23-28, 厚朴38-42,
石菖蒲23-28, 桑枝38-42, 防风38-42,
葛根68-72, 艾叶118-122, 夜交藤48-52。
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种治疗颈椎病的药枕,其特征在于:所述的枕芯内填充有如下重量份的原料药(单位:份):
决明子40, 白芷50 , 红花40 ,
菊花80 , 佩兰50 , 川芎40 ,
通草60 桂枝25 , 厚朴40 ,
石菖蒲25 , 桑枝40 , 防风40 ,
葛根70 , 艾叶120 , 夜交藤50 。
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