CN106305509A - Method for mixed culture of crucians, bighead carps and exopalaemon modestus - Google Patents

Method for mixed culture of crucians, bighead carps and exopalaemon modestus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106305509A
CN106305509A CN201610687102.4A CN201610687102A CN106305509A CN 106305509 A CN106305509 A CN 106305509A CN 201610687102 A CN201610687102 A CN 201610687102A CN 106305509 A CN106305509 A CN 106305509A
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Prior art keywords
water
fishpond
fry
fish
exopalaemon modestus
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CN201610687102.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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杨成胜
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杨成胜
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Priority to CN201610687102.4A priority Critical patent/CN106305509A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for culture of crucians, bighead carps and exopalaemon modestus. The method is characterized by comprising the following steps: pond cleaning and sterilization, water quality fertilization, PH value regulation, fry addition, young shrimps addition, bait feeding, water quality regulation, execution of an oxygen enrichment measure, aquatic plant feeding and the like. According to the method, the proportion of the crucians and the bighead carps is reasonably matched, so that baits can be fully utilized, and surplus baits can be digested by the bighead carps to avoid environmental pollution; the excessively fed baits are finally digested by the added young shrimps, so that waste of the baits is avoided, meanwhile, higher value is created, and an ecological environment and a food chain in a fishpond are maintained; aquatic plants are fed, so that cultured fish is closer to wild fish, the cultured exopalaemon modestus is closer to wild exopalaemon modestus, the meat quality of the fish and the exopalaemon modestus is improved, and meanwhile, the ecological environment in the fishpond is protected.

Description

A kind of Carassius auratus and Aristichthys nobilis, the polyculture method of Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus
Technical field
The present invention relates to fish production field, a kind of Carassius auratus and Aristichthys nobilis, the polyculture method of Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus.
Background technology
At present, along with improving constantly of people's living standard, the most increasing to the eating requirements of fish and shrimp, especially crucian carp Fish, Aristichthys nobilis, Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus, be all the fish and shrimp products liked very much of people, and Carassius auratus enjoys green grass or young crops with its fine and tender taste, taste sweet-smelling Looking at, the fish head soup of Aristichthys nobilis wins numerous awards and accolades, and Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus is strong with delicate flavour, nutritious and well received, and existing Carassius auratus, flathead Fish, the cultivation of Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus are mostly single cultivation, not only yield poorly and unstable, and the amount ratio of feedstuff is relatively frequent, throws something and feeds Measure bigger;So cultivation Carassius auratus out, Aristichthys nobilis flesh quality bigger than wild gap, and feedstuff consumption is big, holds very much It is easily caused water to pollute, affects environment, cause the waste of feedstuff.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming drawbacks described above, the present invention devises a kind of Carassius auratus and Aristichthys nobilis, the polyculture method of Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus.
The technical scheme is that a kind of Carassius auratus and Aristichthys nobilis, the polyculture method of Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus, it is characterised in that include with Lower step:
(1) cleaning up the pond sterilization: before fry is put in a suitable place to breed, pond keeps 10 centimetres of depth of waters, with quick lime to fishpond disinfection, raw Lime consumption is 100-120 kilogram of every mu of pond.
(2) foster and apply fertilizer water quality: to fishpond water filling 1.0-1.3 rice, during water filling during water filling water inlet by 80~100 mesh sieve tulle mistakes Filter, cattle manure 100-150 kilogram of every mu of abundant fermentation used for ponds after 3 days.
(3) regulation pH value: use quick lime regulation and control water pH value between 7.6-8.0.
(4) fry is thrown in: after water filling, the qualitative change of the 7-10 sky and water is fertile, now breeds fish fry, and described fry includes Carassius auratus summer flower With Aristichthys nobilis summer flower, and the input quality of Carassius auratus summer flower and Aristichthys nobilis summer flower is 8:1~10:1, and fry injected volume is 4000-5000 Tail.
(5) shrimp Seedling is thrown in: putting in a suitable place to breed in fishpond by Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus Seedling after fry throws in 2 weeks, the injected volume of shrimp Seedling is every Mu 5-7 kilogram.
(6) bait feeding: the input of bait is to throw in secondary every day, uses floating pellet diet, and described buoyancy granule is raised In material, protein content is 28%~32%, throw something and feed every time to eighty per cant satisfy, the fish of i.e. 80% has enough and leaves Feeding Area.
(7) regulating and controlling water quality: during water temperature less than 25 DEG C, supplements fresh water once to fishpond in every 10 days, during water temperature more than 25 DEG C, Within every 7 days, supplement fresh water once to fishpond, it is ensured that in fishpond, effective water level is at 1.3-1.8 rice, supplementary fresh water need through The dry in the sun of 5-7 days;A quick lime, each every mu of water surface 10-15 kilogram is used every 18-20 days.
(8) oxygen supplement measure: during water temperature more than 25 DEG C, open aerator 2-3 hour every afternoon, keeps water dissolved oxygen the lowest In 5 mg/litre.
(9) pasture and water are thrown something and fed: throwing in pasture and water in fishpond every 5-10 days, the injected volume of each pasture and water is every mu of 20- 50 kilograms.
Beneficial effect: reasonably collocation Carassius auratus and the proportioning of Aristichthys nobilis so that bait will not be superfluous, it is possible to by superfluous bait Digest through Aristichthys nobilis, it is to avoid environmental pollution;Finally by the shrimp Seedling thrown in, the bait of the excess thrown in is digested, it is to avoid The waste of bait, the most also creates bigger value, and maintains the ecological environment in fishpond and food chain;Pass through water The input of grass so that the Fish of cultivation are more nearly wild fish, and Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus is close to wild Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus, it is possible to increase fish The meat of shrimps, protects the ecological environment in fishpond simultaneously.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described further.
Embodiment 1: a kind of Carassius auratus and Aristichthys nobilis, the polyculture method of Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus, fishpond area is 5 mu, and breeding process includes Following steps:
(1) cleaning up the pond sterilization: before fry is put in a suitable place to breed, pond keeps the depth of water 10 centimetres, amounts to and carries out fishpond with quick lime 500 kilograms Disinfect.
(2) foster and apply fertilizer water quality: to fishpond water filling 1.0 meters, during water filling, water inlet filters with 80 mesh sieve tulles, every mu of water after 3 days The cattle manure double centner of fully fermentation is used in face.
(3) regulation pH value: using quick lime regulation and control water pH value is 7.8.
(4) fry is thrown in: after water filling, 7 sky and water qualitative changes are fertile, now breed fish fry, and described fry includes Carassius auratus summer flower and flathead Fish summer flower, wherein Carassius auratus summer flower 17500 tail, Aristichthys nobilis summer flower 2500 tail, 20000 tail altogether.
(5) shrimp Seedling is thrown in: after fry is thrown in 10 days, putting in a suitable place to breed in fishpond by Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus Seedling, the injected volume of shrimp Seedling is 30 kilograms.
(6) bait feeding: the input of bait is to throw in every day twice, uses floating pellet diet, and described buoyancy granule is raised In material, protein content is 30%, throw something and feed every time to eighty per cant satisfy, the fish of i.e. 80% has enough and leaves Feeding Area.
(7) regulating and controlling water quality: during water temperature less than 25 DEG C, supplements fresh water once to fishpond in every 10 days, during water temperature more than 25 DEG C, Within every 7 days, supplement fresh water once to fishpond, it is ensured that in fishpond, effective water level needs through 6 at 1.3-1.8 rice, supplementary fresh water It dry in the sun;A quick lime, each every mu of water surface 12-13 kilogram is used every 18-20 days.
(8) oxygen supplement measure: during water temperature more than 25 DEG C, open aerator 2-3 hour every afternoon, keeps water dissolved oxygen the lowest In 5 mg/litre.
(9) pasture and water are thrown something and fed: throwing in pasture and water in fishpond every 7 days, the injected volume of each pasture and water is every mu of 25-35 thousand Gram.
The present invention reasonably arranges in pairs or groups the proportioning of Carassius auratus and Aristichthys nobilis so that bait is fully used, it is possible to by superfluous bait Expect to digest through Aristichthys nobilis, it is to avoid environmental pollution;Finally by the shrimp Seedling thrown in, the bait of the excess thrown in is digested, keeps away Exempt from the waste of bait, the most also created bigger value, and maintain the ecological environment in fishpond and food chain;Pass through The input of pasture and water so that the Fish of cultivation are more nearly wild fish, the Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus of cultivation, close to wild Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus, carries The high meat of fish and shrimp, protects the ecological environment in fishpond simultaneously.

Claims (1)

1. a Carassius auratus and Aristichthys nobilis, the polyculture method of Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) cleaning up the pond sterilization: before fry is put in a suitable place to breed, pond keeps the depth of water 10 centimetres, carries out disinfection fishpond to fishpond with quick lime Carrying out cleans up the pond disinfects, and quick lime consumption is 100-120 kilogram of every mu of pond;
(2) foster and apply fertilizer water quality: to fishpond water filling 1.0-1.3 rice, during water filling, during water filling, water inlet filters with 80~100 mesh sieve tulles, 3 Cattle manure 100-150 kilogram of every mu of abundant fermentation used for ponds after it;
(3) regulation pH value: use quick lime regulation and control water pH value between 7.6-8.0;
(4) fry is thrown in: after water filling, the qualitative change of the 7-10 sky and water is fertile, now breeds fish fry, and described fry includes Carassius auratus summer flower and flathead Fish summer flower, and the input quality of Carassius auratus summer flower and Aristichthys nobilis summer flower is 8:1~10:1, and fry injected volume is 4000-5000 tail;
(5) shrimp Seedling is thrown in: putting in a suitable place to breed in fishpond by Freshwater Shrimp Exopalaemon modestus Seedling in fry is thrown in 2 weeks, the injected volume of shrimp Seedling is every mu of 5-7 Kilogram;
(6) bait feeding: the input of bait is to throw in secondary every day, uses floating pellet diet, in described floating pellet diet Protein content is 28%~32%, throw something and feed every time to eighty per cant satisfy, the fish of i.e. 80% has enough and leaves Feeding Area;
(7) regulating and controlling water quality: during water temperature less than 25 DEG C, supplements fresh water once to fishpond in every 10 days, during water temperature more than 25 DEG C, and every 7 It supplements fresh water once to fishpond, it is ensured that in fishpond, effective water level needs through 5-7 at 1.3-1.8 rice, supplementary fresh water It dry in the sun;A quick lime, each every mu of water surface 12-13 kilogram is used every 18-20 days;
(8) oxygen supplement measure: during water temperature more than 25 DEG C, open aerator 2-3 hour every afternoon, keeps water dissolved oxygen to be not less than 5 Mg/litre;
(9) pasture and water are thrown something and fed: throwing in pasture and water in fishpond every 5-10 days, the injected volume of each pasture and water is every mu of 20-50 thousand Gram.
CN201610687102.4A 2016-08-19 2016-08-19 Method for mixed culture of crucians, bighead carps and exopalaemon modestus Withdrawn CN106305509A (en)

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CN201610687102.4A CN106305509A (en) 2016-08-19 2016-08-19 Method for mixed culture of crucians, bighead carps and exopalaemon modestus

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106857338A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-06-20 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 A kind of crucian carp Hematopoietic Necrosis disease Synthetical prevention method
CN107258631A (en) * 2017-08-22 2017-10-20 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 A kind of crucian cultivation method being of high nutritive value

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283652A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-11 东台市旺通农业发展有限公司 Efficient ecological breeding method of giant freshwater prawns
CN103314897A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-09-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Efficient breeding method for crayfish in fresh water of rice field
CN103493763A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-01-08 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Carp and chub cultivation method
CN104705230A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-06-17 宁国市金东坊农业开发有限公司 Pond polyculture method of Tor brevifilis brevifilises and freshwater shrimps

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283652A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-11 东台市旺通农业发展有限公司 Efficient ecological breeding method of giant freshwater prawns
CN103314897A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-09-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Efficient breeding method for crayfish in fresh water of rice field
CN103493763A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-01-08 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Carp and chub cultivation method
CN104705230A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-06-17 宁国市金东坊农业开发有限公司 Pond polyculture method of Tor brevifilis brevifilises and freshwater shrimps

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106857338A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-06-20 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 A kind of crucian carp Hematopoietic Necrosis disease Synthetical prevention method
CN107258631A (en) * 2017-08-22 2017-10-20 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 A kind of crucian cultivation method being of high nutritive value

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Application publication date: 20170111