CN106136254B - Intelligent Korean pine seed fracturing machine - Google Patents

Intelligent Korean pine seed fracturing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106136254B
CN106136254B CN201610565437.9A CN201610565437A CN106136254B CN 106136254 B CN106136254 B CN 106136254B CN 201610565437 A CN201610565437 A CN 201610565437A CN 106136254 B CN106136254 B CN 106136254B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fracturing
frame
fixed disk
clamping
feeding
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CN201610565437.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106136254A (en
Inventor
洪庆
马立峰
安殿军
袁中山
阮立强
刘学龙
姜海波
曲跃军
刘影
李红莉
周冬跃
付静
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HEILONGJIANG PROV MUDANJIANG INSTITUTE OF FORESTRY
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HEILONGJIANG PROV MUDANJIANG INSTITUTE OF FORESTRY
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Priority to CN201610565437.9A priority Critical patent/CN106136254B/en
Publication of CN106136254A publication Critical patent/CN106136254A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts

Abstract

The invention provides an intelligent red pine nut fracturing machine capable of opening red pine nuts, which comprises: the frame, the feed mechanism of setting in the frame, rotary disk and fixed disk of feed mechanism below set up in the frame, the rotary disk is in the fixed disk top, the fixed disk is "concave" font, the fixed disk is cut apart into pan feeding district and fracturing district, the internal diameter of fixed disk comprises the circular arc of two different radiuses, the circular arc radius in pan feeding district is greater than the radius of fracturing district circular arc, connect with the curve between two circular arcs, set up the fracturing mechanism of fixed disk below in the frame, set up the clamping mechanism who corresponds with fracturing mechanism above the rotary disk in the frame, set up the transport mechanism below the fixed disk in the frame, the PLC control system of setting in the frame, set up the actuating mechanism in the frame. The upper and lower clamping heads arranged on the fracturing frame and the clamping frame can be well matched according to the shape of the red pine seeds, the working steps are that the red pine seeds are clamped and fixed firstly and then are fractured, and the mechanism can well ensure that the red pine seeds are fractured.

Description

Intelligent Korean pine seed fracturing machine
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of nut processing, and particularly relates to an intelligent Korean pine seed fracturing machine with high opening rate and low breakage rate.
Background
The red pine nut as food is mainly made into open pine nut, food kernel, pine nut oil, etc. The shell of the Korean pine seed is hard and irregular in appearance, and the opening of the Korean pine seed is still in a chemical opening mode of soaking the Korean pine seed in alkaline water until now; the physical mode of fully drying, adding water and drying to expand and open the opening is adopted; the manual opening mode of the semi-machine is extruded by a hand tool.
The opening modes have certain problems, and the chemical opening mode is easy to leave harmful substances on the pine nut shells to human bodies; the opening mode of soaking and drying the pine nuts by water is adopted, most of the openings opened when the pine nuts are soaked after being dried are recovered, the kernels are difficult to take out, and the taste of the kernels is also influenced when the kernels are soaked in the pine nuts after too long soaking time; the opening is formed by extruding with a hand tool, so that the time and the labor are wasted, the production cost is high, and the efficiency is low. In view of the above, the intelligent red pine nut fracturing machine is invented, and the problems in the existing opening methods can be effectively solved.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an intelligent Korean pine seed fracturing machine capable of opening Korean pine seeds.
The technical scheme adopted by the technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: the red pine nut fracturing machine of intelligence has: the fracturing device comprises a rack, a feeding mechanism arranged on the rack, a fracturing mechanism arranged below a fixed disk on the rack, a clamping mechanism arranged above a rotating disk on the rack and corresponding to the fracturing mechanism, a conveying mechanism arranged below the fixed disk on the rack, a PLC control system arranged on the rack and a driving mechanism arranged on the rack.
The feeding mechanism includes: the feeding device comprises a feeding box arranged on a frame, a material distributing rotary table arranged in the feeding box, a material distributing spoon arranged on the material distributing rotary table, and a material conveying guide pipe arranged on the side surface of the feeding box.
The fracturing unit includes below the fixed disk: the fracturing rack is arranged below the fixed disk on the rack, the fracturing air cylinder is arranged on the fracturing rack, the fracturing head ejector rod is arranged on the fracturing rack, the fracturing head and the adjusting spring are arranged on the ejector rod, and the fracturing head can rotate by a certain angle according to working conditions. And knurling the working surface of the fracturing head. The clamping mechanism includes: the clamping device comprises a clamping frame arranged above a rotating disc on a machine frame, a clamping cylinder arranged on the clamping frame, a locking beam arranged on the clamping frame, an ejector rod arranged in the locking beam on the clamping frame, a locking cylinder arranged on the side surface of the locking beam on the clamping frame and used for locking the ejector rod, a clamping head arranged on the lower part of the ejector rod and an adjusting spring. And knurling the working surface of the clamping head.
The rotary disk and the fixed disk are arranged below the feeding mechanism on the rack, the rotary disk is arranged above the fixed disk, the fixed disk is concave, the fixed disk is divided into a feeding area and a fracturing area, the inner diameter of the fixed disk is composed of two arcs with different radiuses, and the radius of the arc of the feeding area is larger than that of the arc of the fracturing area.
The drive mechanism includes: motor arranged on frame for driving mechanisms to operate
The transport mechanism includes: and (4) a conveyor belt.
The PLC control system includes: the PLC controller is arranged on the rack, the sensor is arranged on the rack, and the display screen is arranged on the rack.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the equipment can fracture 40 red pine seeds in each working cycle, can process about 30kg of red pine seeds per hour, and manually process about 1.5kg of red pine seeds per hour, which is more than 20 times of manual operation. Can greatly improve the production efficiency and the quality.
Drawings
4. The invention is further illustrated by the following figures and examples
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure perspective of an intelligent red pine nut fracturing machine
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a section of an intelligent Korean pine seed fracturing machine
FIG. 3 is a partial enlarged view of FIG. 2
FIG. 4 is a view showing the construction of a fixed disk and a rotating disk
FIG. 5 is a view showing the state of the clamping head of the small head of the Korean pine seed at the left side
FIG. 6 is a state diagram of the clamping head when the small head of the Korean pine seed is on the right
In the figure, 1, a frame, 2, a fracturing frame, 3, a fixed disc blanking port, 4, a clamping frame, 5, a feeding box, 6, a distributing spoon, 7, a distributing turntable, 8 a material conveying guide pipe, 9, a rotating disc, 10, a fixed disc, 11, a fracturing groove, 12, a pressing cylinder, 13, a fixed disc square hole, 21, a fracturing cylinder, 22, a fracturing frame, 23, a fracturing head ejector rod, 24, a fracturing head spring, 25, a fracturing head, 26, a sliding rail, 41, a locking beam, 42, a clamping ejector rod, 43, a locking cylinder, 44, a clamping head spring and 45, clamping and clamping heads are arranged in sequence, wherein the fracturing head is provided with a fracturing head groove, a fracturing groove, a
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the intelligent Korean pine seed fracturing machine comprises a frame, a feeding mechanism, a rotating disk, a fixed disk, a fracturing mechanism and a clamping mechanism. Referring to fig. 2, the rotating disk 9 is disposed to overlap the fixed disk 10, and the rotating disk 9 is located above the fixed disk 10. The feeding mechanism and the fracturing mechanism are symmetrically arranged along the edge of the fixed disk 10 or the rotating disk 9. Specifically, when the intelligent red pine nut fracturing machine is placed in the position shown in fig. 1, the feeding mechanisms are distributed on the left side and the front side of the fixed disc 10 or the rotating disc 9, and the fracturing mechanisms are distributed on the right side and the rear side of the fixed disc 10 or the rotating disc 9.
Referring to fig. 4, a plurality of fracturing grooves 11 are provided distributed annularly along the edge of the rotating disk 9. Referring to fig. 1, the feeding mechanism is provided with a plurality of material conveying conduits 8, and the material conveying conduits 8 correspond to fracturing grooves 11 on one side of the rotating disc 9 close to the feeding mechanism.
Referring to fig. 1, the feeding mechanism further includes a material distributing turntable 7 and a material distributing spoon 6, and the material distributing turntable 7 drives the material distributing spoon 6 to rotate. One end of the material conveying guide pipe 8 is close to the material distributing spoon 6, and the other end of the material conveying guide pipe is positioned above the fracturing groove 11.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3 again, the fracturing mechanism includes a clamping frame 4, a pressing cylinder 12, a clamping ejector rod 42, a fracturing frame 22, a fracturing cylinder 21, a fracturing head ejector rod 23, and a slide rail 26, wherein the pressing cylinder 12 is connected with the clamping frame 4, and the clamping frame 4 is located above the clamping ejector rod 42. Fracturing cylinder 21 is connected with fracturing frame 22, and fracturing frame 22 is installed on slide rail 26, and fracturing frame 22 is located fracturing head ejector pin 23 below.
With further reference to fig. 2, the fracturing mechanism further comprises a locking cylinder 43 and a locking beam 41, wherein the locking cylinder 43 is located on one side of the locking beam 41, and one end of the locking cylinder 43 penetrates through the wall of the locking beam 41.
Referring to fig. 3, 5 and 6, one end of the clamping ram 42 near the fracturing tank 11 is provided with a clamping head 45. A clamping head spring 45 is arranged between the clamping head 45 and the clamping mandril 42. One end of the fracturing head ejector rod 23 close to the fracturing groove 11 is provided with a fracturing head 25, and a fracturing head spring 24 is arranged between the fracturing head 25 and the fracturing head ejector rod 23. When the red pine nut fracturing head is used, the fracturing head 25 and the clamping head 45 can rotate along with the shape of the red pine nut when the clamping head 45 fractures the red pine nut.
Referring to fig. 1 and 4, a stationary plate drop port 3 is provided on the stationary plate 10. The fixed disc falling edge opening 3 is positioned between the fracturing area and the feeding area. Specifically, when the intelligent red pine nut fracturing machine is placed at the position shown in fig. 1 (the rotating disc 9 rotates clockwise during working), the fixed disc falling edge 3 is positioned between the fracturing mechanism on the rear side of the fixed disc 10 or the rotating disc 9 and the feeding mechanism on the left side of the fixed disc 10 or the rotating disc 9.
Specifically, the intelligent red pine nut fracturing machine has the following working process:
red pine nuts selected in a figure 1 are placed in a feeding box (5), a material distribution rotary table (7) rotates to drive a material distribution spoon (6) to rotate, the material distribution spoon (6) can contain one red pine nut in each material distribution spoon (6) in the process of passing through the feeding box (5), when the material distribution spoon (6) rotates to be close to a material conveying guide pipe (8), the red pine nuts automatically fall into the material conveying guide pipe (8), the red pine nuts fall into a fracturing groove (11) corresponding to a rotary disc (9) through the material conveying guide pipe (8), then the rotary disc (9) rotates 180 degrees to enable the red pine nuts to enter a fracturing area, the upper surface of each red pine nut corresponds to a fracturing head (25) below a clamping head (45), then a compaction air cylinder (12) pushes a clamping frame (4) to move downwards and simultaneously drives a compaction ejector rod (42) to move downwards to press and fix the red pine nuts, then a locking air cylinder (43) is started to lock the compaction ejector rod (42), then a fracturing cylinder (21) pushes a fracturing frame (22) to move upwards, the fracturing frame (22) is arranged on a sliding rail below the fracturing frame (26) and can move up and down, the fracturing frame (22) drives a fracturing head ejector rod (23) and a fracturing head (25) on the fracturing head ejector rod (23) to move upwards in a micro-motion mode to fracture the Korean pine seeds, all the components are reset to an initial state after fracturing, a rotating disc (9) rotates 180 degrees again to enter the next cycle, and the fractured Korean pine seeds fall to the bottom when passing through a fixed disc seed falling port (3). The top surface of the fracturing head (25) and the bottom surface of the rotating disk (9) are in the same plane through the square hole (13) on the fixed disk (10), so that the red pine nuts can be prevented from being clamped or falling off in the rotating process of the rotating disk (9). The rotary disk (9) is arranged above the fixed disk (10), the fixed disk (10) is concave, the fixed disk (10) is divided into a feeding area and a fracturing area, the inner diameter of the fixed disk (10) is composed of two arcs with different radiuses, the radius of the arc of the feeding area is larger than that of the arc of the fracturing area, the two arcs are connected by a curve, the radius of the feeding area is large so that Korean pine seeds can fall into the fracturing groove (11), and the radius of the fracturing area is small so that the effective Korean pine seeds can be fixed. The equipment does not need to consider the orientation of the big head and the small head of the Korean pine seeds falling into the fracturing groove (11) in the working process, the fracturing head (25) of the clamping head (45) can automatically form a certain angle according to the orientation of the big head and the small head of the Korean pine seeds to be matched with the big head and the small head of the Korean pine seeds, and knurling processing is carried out on the working faces of the upper clamping head and the lower clamping head. After the red pine nuts are fractured, the upper clamping head and the lower clamping head automatically reset under the action of the upper clamping head spring (44) and the lower clamping head spring (24). The starting and stopping of all the components are implemented by the PLC control system through the control of a sensor. The fracturing mechanism and the clamping mechanism of the equipment can be integrally replaced if a fault occurs, and the equipment can be used in a plug-and-play mode.
The specific implementation of the present invention is not limited by the above description, and the invention is within the scope of protection as long as the method concept and technical scheme of the present invention are adopted to make various insubstantial improvements or the concept and technical scheme of the present invention are directly applied to other occasions without improvement.

Claims (2)

1. Intelligence Korean pine seed fracturing machine, characterized by: comprising: the device comprises a rack, a feeding mechanism arranged on the rack, a rotating disk and a fixed disk which are arranged below the feeding mechanism on the rack, a fracturing mechanism arranged below the fixed disk on the rack, a clamping mechanism which is arranged above the rotating disk on the rack and corresponds to the fracturing mechanism, a conveying mechanism arranged below the fixed disk on the rack, a PLC control system arranged on the rack, and a driving mechanism arranged on the rack; the fracturing mechanism is arranged below the fixed disc, and the pressing mechanism is arranged above the rotating disc;
the feeding mechanism and the fracturing mechanism are symmetrically arranged along the edge of the fixed disc or the rotating disc; a plurality of fracturing grooves are annularly distributed along the edge of the rotating disc, the feeding mechanism is provided with a plurality of material conveying guide pipes, and the material conveying guide pipes correspond to the fracturing grooves on one side, close to the feeding mechanism, of the rotating disc;
the feeding mechanism further comprises a material distribution rotary table and a material distribution spoon, the material distribution rotary table drives the material distribution spoon to rotate, one end of the material conveying guide pipe is close to the material distribution spoon, and the other end of the material conveying guide pipe is located above the fracturing groove;
the fracturing mechanism comprises a clamping frame, a pressing cylinder, a clamping ejector rod, a fracturing frame, a fracturing cylinder, a fracturing head ejector rod and a sliding rail, wherein the pressing cylinder is connected with the clamping frame, and the clamping frame is positioned above the clamping ejector rod;
the fracturing cylinder is connected with the fracturing frame, the fracturing frame is arranged on the sliding rail, and the fracturing frame is positioned below the fracturing head ejector rod;
the fracturing mechanism and the clamping mechanism are provided with a clamping head and an adjusting spring which are arranged at the top end of the ejector rod, the adjusting spring is positioned between the clamping head and the ejector rod, the clamping head can rotate for a certain angle according to the shape of the red pine nut, the clamping head can be well matched with the red pine nut in shape, and the working face of the clamping head is subjected to knurling process treatment.
2. The intelligent red pine nut fracturing machine of claim 1, wherein: the rotary disk and the fixed disk are arranged below the feeding mechanism on the rack, the rotary disk is arranged above the fixed disk, the fixed disk is concave, the fixed disk is divided into a feeding area and a fracturing area, the inner diameter of the fixed disk consists of two arcs with different radiuses, the radius of the arc of the feeding area is larger than that of the arc of the fracturing area, the two arcs are connected by a curve, the radius of the feeding area is large so as to ensure that Korean pine seeds fall into a fracturing groove, and the radius of the fracturing area is small so as to ensure that effective Korean pine seeds are fixed; the fixed disk is provided with a fixed disk falling opening, and the fixed disk falling opening is positioned between the fracturing area and the feeding area.
CN201610565437.9A 2016-07-08 2016-07-08 Intelligent Korean pine seed fracturing machine Active CN106136254B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610565437.9A CN106136254B (en) 2016-07-08 2016-07-08 Intelligent Korean pine seed fracturing machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610565437.9A CN106136254B (en) 2016-07-08 2016-07-08 Intelligent Korean pine seed fracturing machine

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CN106136254A CN106136254A (en) 2016-11-23
CN106136254B true CN106136254B (en) 2020-06-12

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108497509B (en) * 2018-04-04 2021-10-08 于洋 Pistachio nut opening device based on vibration disc feeding
CN108464521A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-08-31 王影 Flesh pressure twists loose equipment in a kind of pomegranate fruit

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2770379Y (en) * 2005-03-10 2006-04-12 任勇 Crude chestnut opening machine
CN101700139A (en) * 2009-11-09 2010-05-05 卢春贵 Nut crusher
CN202190711U (en) * 2011-09-07 2012-04-18 吴春贵 Pine nut opening machine
CN103598662A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-26 湘潭大学 Self-adaptive pneumatic lotus seed edge opening machine
CN104872784A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-09-02 冯子丰 Novel nut summer fruit opening machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2770379Y (en) * 2005-03-10 2006-04-12 任勇 Crude chestnut opening machine
CN101700139A (en) * 2009-11-09 2010-05-05 卢春贵 Nut crusher
CN202190711U (en) * 2011-09-07 2012-04-18 吴春贵 Pine nut opening machine
CN103598662A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-26 湘潭大学 Self-adaptive pneumatic lotus seed edge opening machine
CN104872784A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-09-02 冯子丰 Novel nut summer fruit opening machine

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