CN106112659B - The upper of chamfering machine, discharging processing method and upper, discharging processing unit (plant) and chamfering machine - Google Patents

The upper of chamfering machine, discharging processing method and upper, discharging processing unit (plant) and chamfering machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106112659B
CN106112659B CN201610693178.8A CN201610693178A CN106112659B CN 106112659 B CN106112659 B CN 106112659B CN 201610693178 A CN201610693178 A CN 201610693178A CN 106112659 B CN106112659 B CN 106112659B
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China
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fixture
shaft
discharge
pipe fitting
transmission belt
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CN106112659A (en
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尹高平
赵峰
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ZHUZHOU KAIFENG INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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ZHUZHOU KAIFENG INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/03Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of endless chain conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D79/00Methods, machines, or devices not covered elsewhere, for working metal by removal of material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/14Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting co-ordinated in production lines
    • B23Q7/1405Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting co-ordinated in production lines with a series disposition of similar working devices

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of the upper of chamfering machine, discharging processing method and upper, discharging processing unit (plant) and chamfering machines, wherein upper, discharging processing method is one band transmission of setting, three or three or more lower fixtures are arranged on the transmission belt of band transmission, the upper discharge position of pipe fitting will be set as at the one end on transmission belt top, it will be set as the Working position of pipe fitting at the other end on transmission belt top, sets transmission belt lower area to the discharge position of pipe fitting;When processing, under the drive of transmission belt, each lower fixture is successively so cycled through to upper discharge position by upper discharge position to Working position to discharge position again, so that three feeding of pipe fitting, processing and discharging steps are completed at the same time on same transmission belt.The present invention greatly improves the processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine.

Description

The upper of chamfering machine, discharging processing method and upper, discharging processing unit (plant) and chamfering machine
Technical field
It works the present invention relates to a kind of working method of pipeline end facing machine and using the pipeline end facing machine of this working method Component and pipeline end facing machine more particularly to a kind of the upper of chamfering machine comprising the workpiece, discharging processing method and upper, discharging Processing unit (plant) and chamfering machine.
Background technique
The malleable cast iron pipe fittings such as straight pipe, tee tube and elbow need to carry out it tack before factory to guarantee quality.Generally Using chamfering machine to malleable cast iron pipe fitting carry out tack, the processing efficiency of chamfering machine be an influence malleable cast iron pipe fitting benefit it is important because Element, processing efficiency is higher, and malleable cast iron pipe fitting yield is higher, and benefit is bigger, and many producers very focus on improving the processing effect of chamfering machine Rate.
In many factors for influencing chamfering machine processing efficiency, feeding, processing and the speed of discharging of pipe fitting how are improved It is very crucial to the processing efficiency for improving chamfering machine.In the actual work, applicant to the feeding of pipe fitting, processing and discharging this Three aspects have carried out improvement trial many times, such as some patent documents of following some references:
Patent document one, application publication number CN103551639A, the middle promulgated by the State Council that application publication date is on 2 5th, 2014 Bright patent discloses a kind of full-automatic malleable cast iron pipe fitting chamfering machine, including rack and PLC controller, and the support in the rack is arranged in For being fixed the grip device of workpiece, for workpiece to be transported to the folder from the material-supporting device when expecting device, processing Have the feed device on device, the power head device for workpieces processing, the material-supporting device, feed device, moves grip device Power head device is connected with the PLC controller electrical control, and the grip device includes the support plate being arranged in the rack Cylinder;The clamp supporting plate for being provided with discharge port being connected with the piston of the support plate cylinder;Setting is supported in the fixture Lower clamp cylinder on plate and positioned at discharge port side;The lower fixture being divided into two parts, a part of the lower fixture and institute The piston for stating lower clamp cylinder is connected, and another part is arranged on the clamp supporting plate and is located at discharge port in addition Side;Press cylinder in the rack is set;The upper fixture being connected with the piston of the press cylinder;In the rack Be provided with grip device guide rail, the clamp supporting plate bottom is provided with guide groove, the grip device by the guide groove with it is described Grip device guide rail cooperation in rack is slidably connected.
Patent document two, application publication number CN104907879A, the middle promulgated by the State Council that application publication date is on September 16th, 2015 Bright patent discloses a kind of versatile pipeline end facing machine feeding device, including being used for multiple pipes positioned at chamfering machine side Part successively send at the upper discharge position of chamfering machine feeding mechanism and be arranged on the chamfering machine for by multiple by successively It send to the pipe fitting at the upper discharge position of chamfering machine and is sent into the manipulator processed in chamfering machine, the feeding mechanism includes feeding Rack, the chain conveying mechanism being arranged in the rotary shafts and the multiple pipe fittings being arranged on the chain conveying mechanism are flat Head feeding supporting plate, the pipe fitting tack feeding supporting plate include the main support of poppet body, two ends for distinguishing support tubes Block and secondary supporting block one, the main supporting block are arranged on the side of the poppet body, also open on the side of poppet body There is adjustment through-hole one, the pair supporting block one includes adjustment block one, studdle, lock screw one and locking nut one, described Studdle includes threaded shank and the screw rod prong portion that is arranged on described threaded shank one end, is provided in the adjustment block one more A threaded hole;The adjustment through-hole one that the lock screw one passes through in poppet body is screwed into a threaded hole of adjustment block one In, so that adjustment block one is connected in poppet body, the threaded shank of the studdle passes through locking nut one and is screwed into tune It is locked after in another threaded hole of monolith one by locking nut one, so that studdle is connected in adjustment block one, It is provided with main prong portion in the main supporting block, the two ends of pipe fitting are respectively put into the main prong portion of main supporting block and pair supports In the screw rod prong portion of block one, so that pipe fitting is supported with the state that the center of circle of its two ends is in same level Get up.
Patent document three, application publication number CN204366591U, application publication date are that the China on June 3rd, 2015 is real A kind of pipe fitting device for discharging is disclosed with new patent, the pipe fitting device for discharging includes the discharging that one end is arranged in upper fixture Fixed plate, the locating part being arranged in the discharging fixed plate other end, stripper;One end of the stripper passes through discharging Plate connector is rotatably connected in the other end of the discharging fixed plate, and the other end of the stripper is located at upper discharge position Between Working position and its can be in contact with the pipe fitting moved between upper discharge position and Working position, the stripper it is another Outer one end can be rotated around the rotating joint of described stripper one end towards Working position side, pass through the stripper and limit Part, which is in contact, is construed as limiting the position limiting structure of the other end discharge position side rotation upward of the stripper.
In patent document one, applicant is mainly to improve in terms of these three from feeding, processing and discharging;Special In sharp document two, applicant is mainly to improve in terms of feeding;In patent document three, applicant is mainly from discharging What aspect improved.
But after above-mentioned improvement, although the processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine is improved to some extent, but applicant Think, the space that the processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine also further increases.
To sum up, a kind of the upper of chamfering machine, discharging processing method and upper, discharging processing unit (plant) and chamfering machine how are designed, is made Its processing efficiency that can on the basis of existing technology, further increase pipeline end facing machine is technical problem urgently to be solved.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is in view of the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of chamfering machine Upper, discharging processing method and upper, discharging processing unit (plant) and chamfering machine, have done further changed on the basis of existing technology Into to greatly improve the processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution used in the present invention are as follows: a kind of upper, the discharging processing side of chamfering machine Method, the upper, discharge method are one band transmissions of setting, and three or three or more lower fixture settings are passed in belt On the transmission belt of motivation structure, the upper discharge position of pipe fitting will be set as at the one end on transmission belt top, in addition by transmission belt top It is set as the Working position of pipe fitting at one end, sets transmission belt lower area to the discharge position of pipe fitting;When processing, passing Under the drive of dynamic band, each lower fixture is successively so recycled to upper discharge position by upper discharge position to Working position to discharge position again Pass through, so that three feeding of pipe fitting, processing and discharging steps are completed at the same time on same transmission belt.
Preferably, transmission belt is intermittent movement formula state, when transmission belt stops mobile, by discharge position be moved through Lai Lower fixture is moved at discharge position, and a pipe fitting to be processed is in place in the lower fixture at upper discharge position, thus Carry out feeding operation;By upper discharge position be moved through Lai lower fixture be moved at Working position, control be located at Working position at Upper fixture moves down, and matching with the lower fixture being located at Working position will be positioned to be processed in the lower fixture at Working position Pipe fitting clamps, then controls the power head with cutter head and move close to lower fixture at Working position, thus to clamped Pipe fitting to be processed carries out tack, and after the completion of tack, the power head reverse movement with cutter head returns to original position, upper fixture reverse movement It unclamps and original position is returned to the clamping of the pipe fitting in fixture under being located at Working position, to complete process operation;Process operation;By Working position is moved through the lower fixture come and is moved at discharge position, under the action of by inertia and gravity, is moved to discharging The pipe fitting processed in lower fixture at position is thrown out of from being moved in the lower fixture from discharge position, to complete discharging Operation, wherein feeding operation, process operation and discharging operations are completed at the same time;
After feeding operation, process operation and discharging operations are completed at the same time, control transmission belt moves again, so that on Lower fixture at discharge position is mobile towards Working position, and the lower fixture at Working position is mobile towards discharge position, at discharge position Discharge position is mobile upward for lower fixture, to repeat above-mentioned feeding operation, process operation and discharging operations.
Preferably, the lower fixture is set as three, and three lower fixtures are placed equidistant on the belt, i.e., under adjacent The perimeter of transmission belt between fixture is equal.
Preferably, band transmission is driven using sprocket wheel chain, and transmission belt is chain, and band transmission includes setting In the left support seat in chamfering machine rack and right support seat, the support plate being arranged between left support seat and right support seat, rotation It is connected to the shaft one between left support seat and right support seat, the shaft being rotatably connected between left support seat and right support seat Two, the drive sprocket one, drive sprocket two and the driven sprocket one being fixed in shaft two that are fixed in shaft one and driven Sprocket wheel two and the electric machine being fixed on left support seat or right support seat;Pass through between drive sprocket one and driven sprocket one The cooperation transmission connection of chain one passes through the cooperation transmission connection of chain two, electric machine between drive sprocket two and driven sprocket two It is rotated for drive shaft one, three or three or more lower fixtures are fixed between chain one and chain two, when three or three When a above lower fixture is moved to Working position from upper discharge position, three or three or more lower fixtures are in contact with support plate And three or three or more lower fixtures can be moved along support plate.
Invention additionally discloses a kind of uses to work according to upper, the discharging processing method of chamfering machine as described above Upper, discharging processing unit (plant), including belt rotating mechanism and the lower fixture being arranged on the transmission belt of belt rotating mechanism, lower fixture Be set as three or three or more, band transmission include the left support seat being arranged in chamfering machine rack and right support seat, The shaft that support plate between left support seat and right support seat is set, is rotatably connected between left support seat and right support seat One, the shaft two between left support seat and right support seat, the driving wheel one being fixed in shaft one and driving wheel are rotatably connected on Two, the driven wheel one and driven wheel two that are fixed in shaft two and the motor being fixed on left support seat or right support seat dress It sets;By the cooperation transmission connection of transmission belt one between driving wheel one and driven wheel one, pass through between driving wheel two and driven wheel two The cooperation transmission connection of transmission belt two, electric machine are rotated for drive shaft one, and three or three or more lower fixtures are fixed in Between transmission belt one and transmission belt two, under the drive of transmission belt one and transmission belt two, three or three or more lower fixture energy Successively pass through again to the such loopy moving of upper discharge position along support plate from upper discharge position to Working position to discharge position.
Preferably, it is provided with guide block in the support plate, is provided in the bottom of each lower fixture and is matched with guide block Guide groove is matched by the guide block and guide groove, so that under the drive of transmission belt one and transmission belt two, three or three Above lower fixture successively can be recycled so to upper discharge position along support plate from upper discharge position to Working position to discharge position again Movement passes through.
Preferably, the top of support plate, length direction of the guide block along transmission belt one and transmission belt two is arranged in guide block It is arranged and guide block includes the guide block two positioned at the guide block one of upper discharge position side and positioned at Working position side, the width of guide block two Match with the channel widths of lower clamp base, the width of guide block one is less than the width of guide block two.
Invention additionally discloses a kind of chamfering machines, including being used to successively send multiple pipe fittings to tack positioned at chamfering machine side Feeding mechanism at the upper discharge position of machine and be arranged in chamfering machine rack for successively being sent multiple to chamfering machine Pipe fitting at discharge position is sent into the manipulator processed in chamfering machine, and the feeding mechanism includes rotary shafts, is arranged in institute The multiple pipe fitting tack feeding supporting plates stating the chain conveying mechanism in rotary shafts and being arranged on the chain conveying mechanism are put down Head machine further includes the upper fixture cylinder for being arranged in chamfering machine rack and being located at Working position, and upper fixture is arranged in upper fixture gas On the piston rod of cylinder, under the action of upper fixture cylinder, upper fixture can be mobile towards the lower fixture being located at Working position, to make The clamping of the pipe fitting in the lower fixture at Working position will be located at by obtaining upper fixture and capable of matching with the lower fixture being located at Working position, The chamfering machine further includes according to upper, discharging processing unit (plant) as described above, and pipe fitting is sent to by manipulator, discharging processing fills It sets in the lower fixture being located at upper discharge position.
Preferably, the chain conveying mechanism include the drive sprocket being rotatably connected on by shaft three in rotary shafts, The driven sprocket being rotatably connected in rotary shafts by shaft four and the driving motor being arranged in rotary shafts;Driving motor It is rotated for drive shaft three, drive sprocket and driven sprocket are arranged with the state that its sagittal plane is parallel to horizontal plane, actively Sprocket wheel is connected with driven sprocket by chain interoperation, and multiple pipe fitting tack feeding supporting plates are fixed in the chain of chain conveying mechanism On;
Drive sprocket side and be located at drive sprocket medium position be provided with shaft mounting hole one, in shaft mounting hole One bottom is provided with tapped through hole one, one end of shaft three is inserted into shaft mounting hole one so that drive sprocket with turn Axis three is connected, and one end of jacking screw one passes through tapped through hole one and is in contact with one end end face of shaft three;
Driven sprocket side and be located at driven sprocket medium position be provided with shaft mounting hole and, in shaft mounting hole Two bottom is provided with tapped through hole two, one end of shaft four is inserted into shaft mounting hole two so that driven sprocket with turn Axis four is connected, and one end of jacking screw two passes through tapped through hole two and is in contact with one end end face of shaft four.
Preferably, the side of the upper fixture is provided with Anti-blockage mechanism, Anti-blockage mechanism include link block, pressure spring and Jacking block;The side of upper fixture is arranged in link block, and one end of pressure spring is connect with link block, and the other end and jacking block of pressure spring connect It connects, the folder of the pipe fitting in the lower fixture at Working position will be located at when upper fixture can be matched with the lower fixture being located at Working position When tight, jacking block is in contact with pipe fitting, and pressure spring is in press fitting state.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: three feeding of pipe fitting, processing and discharging steps by being integrated in by the present invention It is completed at the same time on same transmission belt, i.e., when the lower fixture for being located at upper discharge position carries out pipe fitting feeding, is located at Working position Fixture carry out tack processing, while be located at discharge position pipe fitting carry out pipe fitting discharging, greatly shorten pipe fitting in this way Process time, greatly improve the processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine.When discharging, add inertia will using the gravity of pipe fitting itself What the pipe fitting completed the process was thrown away from lower fixture, the generation for the phenomenon that gets stuck is avoided down, to improve pipeline end facing machine Processing efficiency.Three lower fixtures are placed equidistant on the belt, control transmission belt that can be more accurate drives lower fixture mobile Distance, thus position when fixture stops mobile under more accurate control.By to support plate in upper, discharging processing unit (plant) On guide block be designed, both be convenient for the movement of lower fixture on the supporting plate, in turn ensure lower fixture processing when stationarity, from And improve the precision of pipe fitting processing.It is set by drive sprocket to chain conveying mechanism in chamfering machine and driven sprocket Meter can be applicable in the pipe fitting of processing different size, to further mention by adjusting the height of drive sprocket and driven sprocket The high versatility of pipeline end facing machine.By the way that Anti-blockage mechanism is arranged in the upper fixture of pipeline end facing machine, avoids and get stuck The generation of phenomenon further improves the processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is upper, discharging processing method schematic illustration in the embodiment of the present invention 1;
After Fig. 2 is upper, discharging processing unit (plant) removes left support seat, right support seat and electric machine in the embodiment of the present invention 1 Schematic perspective view;
Fig. 3 is upper, discharging processing unit (plant) schematic perspective view in the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 4 is the sectional perspective structural schematic diagram being located at lower fixture two in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the overlooking structure diagram that the support plate of guide block is provided in the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 6 is the schematic perspective view of chamfering machine in the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 7 is the schematic perspective view of chain conveying mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 8 is to be located at part at drive sprocket and axial along shaft three in the chain conveying mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention 1 Schematic cross-sectional view;
Fig. 9 is the partial structural diagram being located at upper fixture in the embodiment of the present invention 2;
Figure 10 is upper, discharging processing method schematic illustration in the embodiment of the present invention 3;
In figure: 1. transmission belts, 2. lower fixtures one, 3. lower fixtures two, 4. lower fixtures three, 5. upper fixtures, 6. have The power head of cutter head, 7. left support seats, 8. right support seats, 9. support plates, 10. shafts one, 11. shafts two, 12. motors Device, 13. transmission belts one, 14. transmission belts two, 15. pipe fittings, 16. photoelectric sensors, 17. guide blocks, 171. guide blocks one, 18. guide groove, 19. lower clamp bottom boards, 20. lower chuck bodies, 21. chamfering machine racks, 22. manipulators, 23. rotary shafts, 24. chain conveying mechanism, 25. pipe fitting tack feeding supporting plates, 26. upper fixture cylinders, on 27., discharging processing unit (plant), 28. Shaft three, 29. drive sprockets, 30. shafts four, 31. driven sprockets, 32. driving motors, 33. chains, 34. shafts peace Fill hole one, 35. tapped through holes one, 36. jacking screws one, 37. link blocks, 38. pressure springs, 39. jacking blocks, 40. lower fixtures Four.
Specific embodiment
Further details of elaboration is done to technical solution of the present invention in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
Embodiment 1: in the present embodiment three lower fixtures upper is arranged, discharging processing unit (plant) illustrates: such as Fig. 1 and Shown in Fig. 2, a kind of upper, the discharging processing method of chamfering machine, the upper, discharge method are one band transmissions of setting, will Three lower fixtures are arranged on the transmission belt 1 of band transmission, and the feeding of pipe fitting will be set as at the one end on 1 top of transmission belt Position A will be set as the Working position B of pipe fitting, set 1 lower area of transmission belt at the other end on 1 top of transmission belt The discharge position C of pipe fitting;When processing, under the drive of transmission belt 1, each lower fixture is successively by upper discharge position to Working position It is so cycled through to upper discharge position again to discharge position, so that three feeding of pipe fitting, processing and discharging steps are same It is completed at the same time on one transmission belt.
Three patent documents mentioned in present context technology were applicant in former applied patent, although also can Processing efficiency is improved, but applicant thinks that the amplitude that processing efficiency improves also is not very greatly, if carried out to it further It improves, the processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine still has the space further increased.Therefore, applicant sends out by careful research It is existing, upper, discharging processing method in patent document one (CN103551639A) are as follows: lower fixture is first moved to upper discharge position and is carried out Feeding after the completion of feeding, controls lower fixture and pipe fitting to be processed is driven to be moved to Working position, then control upper fixture and push under Fixture cooperation clamps pipe fitting, then processes to pipe fitting, after processing is completed, then controls upper fixture and moves up the folder unclamped to pipe fitting Tightly, it then controls lower fixture and drives machined complete pipe fitting discharge position is mobile upward together, since lower fixture is separate structure, In mobile process, controls lower fixture and separate, so that the pipe fitting of machined completion falls discharge from lower fixture, it is machined After the pipe fitting discharge of completion, lower fixture moves back again to the feeding of discharge position progress next time.As it can be seen that in this patent document In, when the feeding of pipe fitting, processing and discharging are to separate to complete, a pipe fitting needs successively to have carried out feeding, processing and discharging After three steps, next pipe fitting could be operated, i.e., when previous pipe fitting is operated, the latter pipe fitting is located always In wait state, the process time of pipe fitting is thus extended, reduces the processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine.
A kind of feeding device mainly is devised in patent document two (CN104907879A), pipe fitting to be processed is sent Enter into lower fixture, but thereon, discharging processing method or and patent document one (CN103551639A) in upper, discharging processing Method be it is the same, what feeding, processing and the discharging of pipe fitting were separately completed, i.e., when previous pipe fitting is operated, the latter pipe Part is constantly in wait state.
A kind of pipe fitting device for discharging mainly is devised in patent document three (CN204366591U), when tack processes Cheng Hou, the pipe fitting completed the process is during discharge position is mobile upward under the drive of lower fixture, using adding in upper fixture Stripper be in contact with the pipe fitting completed the process, fallen so that the pipe fitting completed the process be transferred to from mobile lower fixture, The discharging of completion pipe fitting, but what the feeding of pipe fitting, processing and discharging were separately completed, i.e., when previous pipe fitting is operated, after One pipe fitting is constantly in wait state.
And matched by three lower fixtures of setting with conveyer belt in the present embodiment, so that the feeding of pipe fitting, processing and unloading Expect that three steps are completed at the same time on same transmission belt, i.e., when the lower fixture for being located at upper discharge position carries out pipe fitting feeding, position Fixture at Working position carries out tack processing, while the pipe fitting for being located at discharge position carries out the discharging of pipe fitting, so significantly The process time for shortening pipe fitting, greatly improve the processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine.It is tested repeatedly by applicant, one The process time of a pipe fitting can be improved 3s till now by original 12s, and processing efficiency has been increased to original four times.
In the present embodiment, three lower fixtures are respectively that lower fixture 1, lower fixture 23 and lower fixture 34, transmission belt 1 are Intermittent movement formula state moves and stops movement repeatedly.When transmission belt 1 stops mobile, by discharge position C Be moved through come lower fixture 1 be moved at discharge position A, by a pipe fitting (not shown) to be processed be in place in In lower fixture 1 at upper discharge position A, to carry out feeding operation;By upper discharge position A be moved through Lai lower fixture 23 it is mobile To Working position B, the upper fixture 5 that control is located at Working position B is moved down, with 23 phase of lower fixture being located at Working position B Cooperation clamps the pipe fitting (not shown) to be processed being located in the lower fixture 23 at Working position B, then controls with knife The cutter head in one direction is only shown in the power head 6(figure of head) lower fixture 23 at Working position B is moved close to, thus Tack carried out to clamped pipe fitting to be processed, after the completion of tack, the reverse movement of power head 6 with cutter head returns to original position, on The reverse movement of fixture 5, which is unclamped, returns to original position to the clamping of the pipe fitting in the lower fixture two being located at Working position B, to complete to add Work operation;By Working position B be moved through Lai lower fixture 34 be moved at discharge position C, in the effect by inertia and gravity Under, the pipe fitting processed that is moved in the lower fixture three at discharge position C is from the lower fixture 34 being moved to from discharge position C In be thrown out of, to complete discharging operations, wherein feeding operation, process operation and discharging operations are completed at the same time;
After feeding operation, process operation and discharging operations are completed at the same time, control transmission belt 1 moves again, so that Lower fixture 1 at upper discharge position A is mobile towards Working position B, and the lower fixture 23 at Working position B is mobile towards discharge position C, Discharge position A is mobile upward for lower fixture 34 at discharge position C, to repeat above-mentioned feeding operation, process operation and discharging behaviour Make.In the tack processing of pipe fitting, pipe fitting clamped with the cooperation of lower fixture since upper fixture needs to push, when processing After moving up at upper fixture, often there is a phenomenon where pipe fittings to be clamped in lower fixture, referred to as gets stuck down, and get stuck phenomenon under generation Afterwards, the pipe fitting completed the process can not just carry out discharging from lower fixture, so that the processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine is affected, and this It is that inertia is added to throw away the pipe fitting completed the process from lower fixture using the gravity of pipe fitting itself when carrying out discharging in embodiment , the generation for the phenomenon that gets stuck is avoided down, to improve the processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine.
Three lower fixtures are placed equidistant on the belt, i.e., the perimeter of the transmission belt between adjacent lower fixture is equal , fixture 23 and lower fixture under the perimeter L 1=of the transmission belt between lower fixture 1 and lower fixture 23 in the present embodiment The perimeter L 3 of transmission belt under the perimeter L 2=of transmission belt between 34 between fixture 34 and lower fixture 1.Work as transmission in this way When band stops operating, three lower fixtures are just located in discharge position A, Working position B and discharge position C and design in advance Some specific location, can the more accurate control transmission belt distance that drives lower fixture mobile, thus more accurate control Make position when lower fixture stops mobile.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, invention additionally discloses a kind of uses processes according to the upper of chamfering machine as described above, discharging Upper, the discharging processing unit (plant) that method works including belt rotating mechanism and are arranged on the transmission belt 1 of belt rotating mechanism Lower fixture, lower fixture is set as three or three or more, and band transmission includes the left branch being arranged in chamfering machine rack Support seat 7 and right support seat 8, be arranged between left support seat 7 and right support seat 8 support plate 9, be rotatably connected on left support seat 7 Shaft 1 between right support seat 8, is fixed in the shaft 2 11 being rotatably connected between left support seat 7 and right support seat 8 It driving wheel one and driving wheel two in shaft 1, the driven wheel one being fixed in shaft 2 11 and driven wheel two and is fixed in Electric machine 12 in left support seat 7 or right support seat 8;It is passed between driving wheel one and driven wheel one by the cooperation of transmission belt 1 Dynamic connection, by the cooperation transmission connection of transmission belt 2 14 between driving wheel two and driven wheel two, electric machine 12 turns for driving Axis 1 rotates, and three lower fixtures are fixed between transmission belt 1 and transmission belt 2 14, in transmission belt 1 and transmission belt two Under 14 drive, three lower fixtures can be such to upper discharge position again from upper discharge position to Working position to discharge position along support plate Loopy moving passes through.When the upper fixture pushing being located at Working position is matched with lower fixture clamps pipe fitting, support is utilized Plate supports lower fixture, can guarantee that clamped pipe fitting will not shake, to ensure that pipe fitting in tack processing in this way Processing quality.
In the present embodiment, band transmission is driven using sprocket wheel chain, and transmission belt 1 and transmission belt 2 14 are Chain, driving wheel and driven wheel are all made of sprocket wheel, driving wheel and driven wheel and are arranged with it radial and normal to horizontal plane.
Left support seat 7 and right support seat 8 are connected in chamfering machine rack by what connecting screw can be removably mounted, when needing to process When the pipe fitting 15 of different model, connecting screw is removed, upper, discharging processing unit (plant) is entirely removed, is replaced, is improved logical The property used.In left support seat 7 or right support seat 8 and it is located at the photoelectric transfer being additionally provided at upper discharge position A for fixture under incuding Sensor 16, when a lower fixture is moved at upper discharge position, control electric machine stops operating, so that a lower fixture It is placed exactly in discharge position, another lower fixture is placed exactly in Working position, and a remaining lower fixture is placed exactly in and unloads Discharge position.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, it is provided with guide block 17 in the support plate 9, is provided with and leads in the bottom of each lower fixture The guide groove 18 that block 17 matches is matched by the guide block 17 and guide groove 18, so that in transmission belt one and transmission belt two Drive under, three lower fixtures can successively along support plate from upper discharge position to Working position to discharge position again to upper discharge position such as This loopy moving passes through.
Each lower fixture includes the lower lower chuck body 20 clamp bottom board 19 and be arranged on lower clamp bottom board 19, pipe fitting It is placed in lower chuck body 20, under being connected to that lower chuck body 20 can be removably mounted on clamp bottom board 19, is in the present embodiment Together by screw connection, lower fixture is designed to the separate structure of dismounting by the present embodiment, is managed when needing replacing processing When the model of part, directly lower chuck body can also be removed and replaced, and do not have to will entirely upper, discharging processing unit (plant) from flat It is removed in head machine rack, the processing efficiency of the present embodiment is improved while improving the present embodiment versatility.Guide groove 18 is arranged On the bottom of lower clamp bottom board 19, by screw by lower clamp bottom board 19 be connected between transmission belt one and transmission belt two to On the belt by the connection of lower fixture.
The top of support plate 9 is arranged in guide block 17, and the guide block 17 is along the length side of transmission belt 1 and transmission belt 2 14 To setting and guide block 17 includes the guide block 2 172 positioned at the guide block 1 of the side upper discharge position A and positioned at the side Working position B, The width of guide block 2 172 and 18 width of guide groove of lower clamp base match, and the width of guide block 1 is less than guide block 2 172 Width, the length direction of guide block are the length direction of transmission belt one and transmission belt two.In this way, making fixture movement instantly When at upper discharge position A, there is gap between the guide groove and guide block one of lower fixture, convenient for the movement of lower fixture, fixture is moved instantly When moving Working position B progress tack processing, guide groove and the guide block two of lower fixture match, thus using in two pairs of guide block processing Lower fixture play fixed function, ensure that lower fixture processing when stationarity, thus improve pipe fitting processing precision.
As shown in fig. 6, invention additionally discloses a kind of chamfering machine, including be located at chamfering machine side for by multiple pipe fittings according to It is secondary send to the feeding mechanism at the upper discharge position A of chamfering machine and be arranged in chamfering machine rack 21 for successively being given multiple Pipe fitting to the upper discharge position A of chamfering machine is sent into the manipulator 22 processed in chamfering machine, and the feeding mechanism includes sending Expect rack 23, the chain conveying mechanism 24 being arranged in the rotary shafts 23 and is arranged on the chain conveying mechanism 24 Multiple pipe fitting tack feeding supporting plates 25, chamfering machine further include be arranged in chamfering machine rack 21 and be located at Working position B at it is upper Clamp cylinder 26, upper fixture 5 are arranged on the piston rod of upper fixture cylinder 26, under the action of upper fixture cylinder 26, upper fixture 5 Can be mobile towards the lower fixture being located at Working position B, so that upper fixture can match with the lower fixture being located at Working position B The pipe fitting in the lower fixture at Working position will be located at by, which closing, clamps, and the chamfering machine further includes according to upper, discharging as described above Pipe fitting is sent to, is located in the lower fixture at upper discharge position A in discharging processing unit (plant) 27 by processing unit (plant) 27, manipulator 22. Patent document two in the application background technique can be used in manipulator and pipe fitting tack feeding supporting plate, and (application publication number is CN104907879A manipulator and pipe fitting tack feeding supporting plate in).
As shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, the chain conveying mechanism includes being rotatably connected in rotary shafts 23 by shaft 3 28 Drive sprocket 29, driven sprocket 31 in rotary shafts 23 is rotatably connected on by shaft 4 30 and is arranged in rotary shafts 23 On driving motor 32;Driving motor 32 is rotated for drive shaft 3 28, and drive sprocket 29 and driven sprocket 31 are with its diameter The state setting of horizontal plane is parallel to face, drive sprocket 29 and driven sprocket 31 are cooperatively connected by chain 33, multiple pipe fittings Tack feeding supporting plate 25 is fixed on the chain 33 of chain conveying mechanism;
Drive sprocket 29 side and be located at drive sprocket 29 medium position be provided with shaft mounting hole 1, in shaft The bottom of mounting hole 1 is provided with tapped through hole 1, and one end of shaft 3 28 is inserted into shaft mounting hole 1 to make It obtains drive sprocket 29 to be connected with shaft 3 28, one end of jacking screw 1 passes through the one of tapped through hole 1 and shaft 3 28 End end face is in contact;Driven sprocket side and be located at driven sprocket medium position be provided with shaft mounting hole and, in shaft The bottom of mounting hole two is provided with tapped through hole two, and one end of shaft four is inserted into shaft mounting hole two so that driven chain Wheel is connected with shaft four, and one end of jacking screw two passes through tapped through hole two and is in contact with one end end face of shaft four.In this way, When because pipe fitting specification it is different, when needing to adjust drive sprocket and driven sprocket height, so that it may directly jack screw by rotation One realizes with jacking screw two, to further improve the versatility of chamfering machine in the present embodiment.
In the present embodiment, card slot one is provided on the inner peripheral surface of shaft mounting hole one and in the axial direction of shaft three (not shown) is provided on the outer peripheral surface of shaft three and in the axial direction of shaft three fixture block one matched with card slot one (not shown), when one end of shaft three is inserted into shaft mounting hole one, fixture block one is inserted into card slot one and card slot one Match so that drive sprocket can only be moved up and down along the axial direction of shaft three, and cannot circumferentially rotating along shaft three, Here, card slot one can also be arranged on the outer peripheral surface of shaft three, fixture block one is arranged in the inner peripheral surface of shaft mounting hole one On.Two (not shown) of card slot is provided on the inner peripheral surface of shaft mounting hole two and in the axial direction of shaft four, in shaft It is provided on four outer peripheral surface and in the axial direction of shaft three one (not shown) of fixture block matched with card slot one, works as shaft When three one end is inserted into shaft mounting hole one, fixture block one is inserted into card slot one and is matched with card slot one so that drive chain Wheel can only be moved up and down along the axial direction of shaft three, and cannot circumferentially rotating along shaft three herein can also be by card slot two It is arranged on the outer peripheral surface of shaft four, fixture block two is arranged on the inner peripheral surface of shaft mounting hole two.
Embodiment 2: as shown in figure 9, compared with Example 1, the difference is that: it is arranged in the side of the upper fixture 5 There is Anti-blockage mechanism, Anti-blockage mechanism includes link block 37, pressure spring 38 and jacking block 39;The one of upper fixture 5 is arranged in link block 37 One end of side, pressure spring 38 is connect with link block 37, and the other end of pressure spring 38 is connect with jacking block 39, when upper fixture can add with being located at The lower fixture at the station place of setting will match when will be located at the clamping of the pipe fitting in the lower fixture at Working position, and jacking block 39 connects with pipe fitting Touching, pressure spring 38 are in press fitting state.In the tack processing of pipe fitting, cooperate with lower fixture by pipe fitting since upper fixture needs to push It clamps, therefore, after completing the process upper fixture and moving up, often theres is a phenomenon where pipe fitting is clamped in upper fixture, referred to as upper to block Expect, after the phenomenon that gets stuck in generation, the pipe fitting completed the process can not just carry out discharging from lower fixture, to affect pipe fitting tack The processing efficiency of machine, the present embodiment in upper fixture by being arranged Anti-blockage mechanism, when completing the process, when upper fixture moves up, Under the reset response of pressure spring, pipe fitting is opened using jacking block, so as to avoid the generation for the phenomenon that above gets stuck, further improves pipe The processing efficiency of part chamfering machine.
Embodiment 3: as shown in Figure 10, compared with Example 1, the difference is that: lower fixture on the belt is set There are four altogether, fixture 1, lower fixture 23, lower fixture 34 and lower fixture 4 40 are respectively descended.Wherein, lower fixture 1 is located at upper At discharge position A, lower fixture 23 is located at Working position B, and lower fixture 34 and lower fixture 4 40 are respectively positioned at discharge position C.
To sum up, three feeding of pipe fitting, processing and discharging steps by being integrated on same transmission belt together by the present invention When complete, i.e., when the lower fixture for being located at upper discharge position carries out pipe fitting feeding, fixture at Working position carries out tack and adds Work, while the pipe fitting for being located at discharge position carries out the discharging of pipe fitting, greatly shortens the process time of pipe fitting in this way, greatly Improve the processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine.When discharging, using the gravity of pipe fitting itself add inertia by the pipe fitting completed the process from It is thrown away in lower fixture, avoids down the generation for the phenomenon that gets stuck, to improve the processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine.It will be under three Fixture is placed equidistant on the belt, and control transmission belt that can be more accurate drives the mobile distance of lower fixture, thus more smart Position when fixture stops mobile under quasi- control.By being designed to guide block upper, in discharging processing unit (plant) in support plate, Both it is convenient for the movement of lower fixture on the supporting plate, in turn ensures the stationarity when processing of lower fixture, to improves pipe fitting processing Precision.It is designed by drive sprocket to chain conveying mechanism in chamfering machine and driven sprocket, it can be by adjusting master The height of movable sprocket and driven sprocket processes the pipe fitting of different size to be applicable in, to further improve the logical of pipeline end facing machine The property used.By the way that Anti-blockage mechanism is arranged in the upper fixture of pipeline end facing machine, the generation for the phenomenon that gets stuck is avoided, is further mentioned The high processing efficiency of pipeline end facing machine.
Above embodiments are used for illustrative purposes only, rather than limitation of the present invention, the technology people in relation to technical field Member without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, can also make a variety of changes or convert, therefore is all equivalent Technical solution also should belong to protection scope of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention should be limited by each claim.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of chamfering machine, including being used to successively send multiple pipe fittings to the upper discharge position of chamfering machine positioned at chamfering machine side Feeding mechanism and be arranged in chamfering machine rack for successively being sent multiple to the pipe fitting at the upper discharge position of chamfering machine It is sent into the manipulator processed in chamfering machine, the feeding mechanism includes rotary shafts, is arranged in the rotary shafts Chain conveying mechanism and the multiple pipe fitting tack feeding supporting plates being arranged on the chain conveying mechanism, chamfering machine further include setting Upper fixture cylinder in chamfering machine rack and at Working position, upper fixture are arranged on the piston rod of upper fixture cylinder, Under the action of upper fixture cylinder, upper fixture can be mobile towards the lower fixture being located at Working position, so that upper fixture can be with Lower fixture at Working position, which matches, will be located at the clamping of the pipe fitting in the lower fixture at Working position, it is characterised in that: The chamfering machine further includes upper, discharging processing unit (plant), and pipe fitting is sent to, is located at upper material position in discharging processing unit (plant) by manipulator It sets in the lower fixture at place;
Upper, the discharging processing unit (plant), including belt rotating mechanism and the lower folder being arranged on the transmission belt of belt rotating mechanism Tool, lower fixture are set as three or three or more, band transmission include the left support seat being arranged in chamfering machine rack and Right support seat, the support plate being arranged between left support seat and right support seat, be rotatably connected on left support seat and right support seat it Between shaft one, the shaft two being rotatably connected between left support seat and right support seat, the driving wheel one that is fixed in shaft one With driving wheel two, the driven wheel being fixed in shaft two one and driven wheel two and be fixed on left support seat or right support seat Electric machine;By the cooperation transmission connection of transmission belt one between driving wheel one and driven wheel one, driving wheel two and driven wheel two it Between by transmission belt two cooperation transmission connection, electric machine for drive shaft one rotation, three or three or more lower fixtures It is fixed between transmission belt one and transmission belt two, under the drive of transmission belt one and transmission belt two, under three or three or more Fixture can successively pass through to the such loopy moving of upper discharge position along support plate from upper discharge position to Working position to discharge position again; It is provided with guide block in the support plate, the guide groove matched with guide block is provided in the bottom of each lower fixture, is led by described Block and guide groove match, so that under the drive of transmission belt one and transmission belt two, three or three or more lower fixture energy Successively pass through again to the such loopy moving of upper discharge position along support plate from upper discharge position to Working position to discharge position;In left branch On support seat or right support seat and it is located at the photoelectric sensor being additionally provided at upper discharge position for incuding lower fixture, is pressed from both sides when under one When tool is moved at discharge position, control electric machine stops operating, so that a lower fixture is placed exactly in discharge position, Another lower fixture is placed exactly in Working position, and a remaining lower fixture is placed exactly in discharge position;Guide block setting exists The top of support plate, the guide block is arranged along the length direction of transmission belt one and transmission belt two and guide block includes being located at upper discharge position The guide block one of side and guide block two positioned at Working position side, the channel widths phase of the width of guide block two and lower clamp base Match, the width of guide block one is less than the width of guide block two;
The chain conveying mechanism includes the drive sprocket being rotatably connected in rotary shafts by shaft three, by four turns of shaft The dynamic driven sprocket being connected in rotary shafts and the driving motor being arranged in rotary shafts;Driving motor is used for drive shaft Three rotations, drive sprocket and driven sprocket are parallel to the state setting of horizontal plane, drive sprocket and driven chain with its sagittal plane Wheel is connected by chain interoperation, and multiple pipe fitting tack feeding supporting plates are fixed on the chain of chain conveying mechanism;In drive sprocket Side and be located at the medium position of drive sprocket and be provided with shaft mounting hole one, it is logical to be provided with screw thread in the bottom of shaft mounting hole one One end of shaft three is inserted into shaft mounting hole one so that drive sprocket is connected with shaft three, jacks spiral shell by Kong Yi One end of silk one passes through tapped through hole one and is in contact with one end end face of shaft three;Driven sprocket side and be located at driven chain The medium position of wheel is provided with shaft mounting hole two, tapped through hole two is provided in the bottom of shaft mounting hole two, by the one of shaft four End is inserted into shaft mounting hole two so that driven sprocket is connected with shaft four, and one end of jacking screw two passes through screw thread Through-hole two is in contact with one end end face of shaft four;
Card slot one is provided on the inner peripheral surface of shaft mounting hole one and in the axial direction of shaft three, on the outer peripheral surface of shaft three And the fixture block one matched with card slot one is provided in the axial direction of shaft three or on the inner peripheral surface of shaft mounting hole one and edge It is provided with fixture block one in the axial direction of shaft three, is provided on the outer peripheral surface of shaft three and in the axial direction of shaft three and fixture block one The card slot one matched;
Card slot two is provided on the inner peripheral surface of shaft mounting hole two and in the axial direction of shaft four, on the outer peripheral surface of shaft four And the fixture block two matched with card slot two is provided in the axial direction of shaft three or on the inner peripheral surface of shaft mounting hole two and edge It is provided with fixture block two in the axial direction of shaft four, is provided on the outer peripheral surface of shaft four and in the axial direction of shaft three and fixture block two The card slot two matched.
2. chamfering machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the side of the upper fixture is provided with Anti-blockage machine Structure, Anti-blockage mechanism include link block, pressure spring and jacking block;The side of upper fixture, one end of pressure spring and connection is arranged in link block Block connection, the other end of pressure spring are connect with jacking block, when upper fixture can be matched with the lower fixture being located at Working position by position When the pipe fitting in lower fixture at the Working position clamps, jacking block is in contact with pipe fitting, and pressure spring is in press fitting state.
CN201610693178.8A 2016-08-19 2016-08-19 The upper of chamfering machine, discharging processing method and upper, discharging processing unit (plant) and chamfering machine Active CN106112659B (en)

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CN106493417B (en) * 2017-01-12 2018-03-13 吉林大学 Automate light-wall pipe mouth of pipe precise machining device and method
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