CN106071415A - A kind of blood fat reducing, somatotrophic compound feed of tilapia - Google Patents

A kind of blood fat reducing, somatotrophic compound feed of tilapia Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106071415A
CN106071415A CN201610581410.9A CN201610581410A CN106071415A CN 106071415 A CN106071415 A CN 106071415A CN 201610581410 A CN201610581410 A CN 201610581410A CN 106071415 A CN106071415 A CN 106071415A
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China
Prior art keywords
vitamin
tilapia
parts
feed
culture medium
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Pending
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CN201610581410.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄燕华
胡俊茹
王国霞
赵红霞
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Guangdong Fishtech Fisheries Science & Technology Co ltd
Institute of Animal Science of Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Guangdong Fishtech Fisheries Science & Technology Co ltd
Institute of Animal Science of Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Application filed by Guangdong Fishtech Fisheries Science & Technology Co ltd, Institute of Animal Science of Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Guangdong Fishtech Fisheries Science & Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN201610581410.9A priority Critical patent/CN106071415A/en
Publication of CN106071415A publication Critical patent/CN106071415A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of blood fat reducing, somatotrophic tilapia feed, described feedstuff is by bean cake, black soldier flies larva culture medium, rapeseed cake, cottonseed meal, flour, Oleum Glycines and feed additive composition.Wherein, feed additive contains phosphatide oil, dalcium biphosphate, mineral batch mixing, vitamin batch mixing, vitamin c phosphate, choline and Sal.This feedstuff is reducing while bean cake usage amount, can not only improve the survival rate of tilapia, and can reduce the fat content of tilapia further, thus improves the nutritive value of tilapia.

Description

A kind of blood fat reducing, somatotrophic compound feed of tilapia
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of fodder, particularly to a kind of blood fat reducing, somatotrophic tilapia feed.
Background technology
Tilapia has that growth is fast, specification is neat, the bodily form good, dressing percentage is high, strong adaptability, stabilization characteristics of genetics, harvesting rate Advantages of higher, is FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation) (FAO) emphasis one of the fish species of promoting cultivation.Add up according to FAO, the most in the world Have 85 countries and regions cultivating tilapias, global tilapia yield about 5,440,000 tons in 2014, China's yield more than 1,600,000 tons, It is sure to occupy tilapia the first big producing country.
Bean cake is the high-quality protein source material of aquatic animal, and the consumption in juvenile tilapia feedstuff may be up to 45%, closely Nian Lai, is occupied high impact by bean cake price, and bean cake addition in feed formula is limited.On the other hand, how to reduce and throw something and feed Fat content in commercial feed tilapia body, increases muscle ratios, and improved-type body index is urgent in actual production solution Problem.
Summary of the invention
The invention aims to avoid using tradition bean-dregs feed to cause tilapia body fat content too high for a long time Problem, it is provided that a kind of feed formulation for tilapia prepared containing black soldier flies larva culture medium.
The technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of blood fat reducing, somatotrophic tilapia feed, described feedstuff is by bean cake, black soldier flies larva culture medium, rapeseed cake, cottonseed meal, face Powder, Oleum Glycines and feed additive composition.In described tilapia feed, feed additive contains phosphatide oil, dalcium biphosphate, ore deposit Material batch mixing, vitamin batch mixing, vitamin c phosphate, choline and Sal.
Preferably, containing bean cake 19.3~29.8 parts in every 100 parts of tilapia feeds, black soldier flies larva culture medium 11.5~ 34.6 parts, rapeseed cake 10 parts, cottonseed meal 15 parts, flour 17.13~28.69 parts, Oleum Glycines 0.44~1.48 parts, the rest is feedstuff and add Agent.
Preferably, described feed additive provides phosphatide oil 1 part, dalcium biphosphate 1.5 for every 100 parts of tilapia feeds Part, mineral batch mixing 0.5 part, vitamin batch mixing 0.1 part, vitamin c phosphate 0.03 part, 0.2 part of choline, Sal 0.2 part.
Preferably, every kilogram of mineral batch mixing contains: Ca 230 g, K 36 g, Mg 9 g, Fe 10 g, Zn 8 g, Mn 1.9 g, Cu1.5 g, Co 0.25 g, I 0.032g, Se 0.05g.
Preferably, every kilogram of vitamin premix contains: vitamin A 3,200 000 IU, vitamin D31600 000 IU, vitamin E 16 g, vitamin K 4 g, vitamin B14 g, vitamin B2 8 g, vitamin B64.8 g, nicotinic acid 28 g, Calcium pantothenate 16 g, folic acid 1.28 g, inositol 40 g, vitamin B120.016 g, biotin 0.064 g.
Preferably, black soldier flies larva culture medium is~to remain after 10 days as culture medium cultivation black soldier flies larva 6 with peanut residue Remaining peanut residue and the secretions of larva, Excreta through the wriggling heat production of black soldier flies larva itself at symbiosis and inoculating microbe Natural decomposition and fermentation effect under prepare, and dry the goods of gained.Described remaining peanut residue be former culture medium 8~ 12%.Black soldier flies larva culture medium contains thick protein 21.70%, crude fat 0.52%, ash 8.2%.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: utilize the forage feed tilapia containing black soldier flies larva culture medium, on the one hand can Substantially to reduce tilapia body fat content, on the other hand, also improve the survival rate of tilapia.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated, but is not limited thereto.
Comparative example tilapia conventional feed formula
The formula of a kind of tradition tilapia feed, by bean cake 35 parts, rapeseed cake 10 parts, cottonseed meal 15 parts, 34.47 parts of flour, Oleum Glycines 2 Part, phosphatide oil 1 part, dalcium biphosphate 1.5 parts, multivitamin 0.1 part, several mineral materials 0.5 part, vitamin c phosphate 0.03 part, 0.2 part of choline, Sal 0.2 part, in parts by mass.
Wherein, every kilogram of mineral batch mixing contains: Ca 230 g, K 36 g, Mg 9 g, Fe 10 g, Zn 8 g, Mn 1.9 g, Cu1.5 g, Co 0.25 g, I 0.032g, Se 0.05g.
Wherein, every kilogram of vitamin premix contains: vitamin A 3,200 000 IU, vitamin D31600 000 IU, Vitamin E 16 g, vitamin K 4 g, vitamin B14 g, vitamin B2 8 g, vitamin B64.8 g, nicotinic acid 28 g, general Acid calcium 16 g, folic acid 1.28 g, inositol 40 g, vitamin B120.016 g, biotin 0.064 g.
Randomly selecting health, specification unanimously, original body mass is (2.30 ± 0.02) g tilapia, random point of 4 groups, often Organizing 25 tails, feedstuff of throwing something and feeding respectively, throwing of being satiated with food every day raises 2 times (9:00,16:00), and every day entry throws the amount of raising, death condition, water temperature. Illumination is lamp, the uninterrupted aeration of whole day 24 h, water temperature 27.0~30 DEG C, ammonia nitrogen < 0.02 mg/L, pH value 7.2- 7.8, raising experiment 8 weeks by a definite date, after raising experiment terminates, fasting 24 h.It is calculated with the tilapia of this diet, survival Rate is 91.00 ± 4.44, and liver body ratio (%) is 2.29 ± 0.16, and crude fat content (%) is 6.28 ± 0.19.
Embodiment 1 compound feed of tilapia formula (1)
A kind of blood fat reducing, the formula of somatotrophic tilapia feed, by bean cake 29.8 parts, black soldier flies larva culture medium 11.5 parts, dish The dregs of rice 10 parts, cottonseed meal 15 parts, 28.69 parts of flour, 1.48 parts of Oleum Glycines, phosphatide oil 1 part, dalcium biphosphate 1.5 parts, multivitamin 0.1 part, several mineral materials 0.5 part, vitamin c phosphate 0.03 part, 0.2 part of choline, Sal 0.2 part, in parts by mass.
Wherein, black soldier flies larva culture medium is~to remain after 10 days as culture medium cultivation black soldier flies larva 6 with peanut residue Peanut residue and the secretions of larva, Excreta through the wriggling heat production of black soldier flies larva itself at symbiosis and inoculating microbe Prepare under natural decomposition and fermentation effect, and dry the goods of gained.Described remaining peanut residue is the 8~12% of former culture medium. Black soldier flies larva culture medium contains thick protein 21.70%, crude fat 0.52%, ash 8.2%.
Testing according to the experimental technique of comparative example, be calculated with the tilapia of this diet, survival rate (%) is 94.00 ± 2.58, liver body ratio (%) is 2.14 ± 0.15, and crude fat content (%) is 5.13 ± 0.75.
Embodiment 2 compound feed of tilapia formula (2)
A kind of blood fat reducing, the formula of somatotrophic tilapia feed, by bean cake 19.3 parts, black soldier flies larva culture medium 34.6 parts, dish The dregs of rice 10 parts, cottonseed meal 15 parts, 17.13 parts of flour, 0.44 part of Oleum Glycines, phosphatide oil 1 part, dalcium biphosphate 1.5 parts, multivitamin 0.1 part, several mineral materials 0.5 part, vitamin c phosphate 0.03 part, 0.2 part of choline, Sal 0.2 part, in parts by mass.Heisui River Horsefly larva culture medium is with described in embodiment 1.
Testing according to the experimental technique of comparative example, be calculated with the tilapia of this diet, survival rate (%) is 96.00 ± 1.63, liver body ratio (%) is 1.47 ± 0.05, and crude fat content (%) is 4.47 ± 0.29.
Embodiment 3 compound feed of tilapia formula (3)
A kind of blood fat reducing, the formula of somatotrophic tilapia feed, by bean cake 24.5 parts, black soldier flies larva culture medium 23.1 parts, dish The dregs of rice 10 parts, cottonseed meal 15 parts, 22.91 parts of flour, 0.96 part of Oleum Glycines, phosphatide oil 1 part, dalcium biphosphate 1.5 parts, multivitamin 0.1 part, several mineral materials 0.5 part, vitamin c phosphate 0.03 part, 0.2 part of choline, Sal 0.2 part, in parts by mass.Heisui River Horsefly larva culture medium is with described in embodiment 1.
Testing according to the experimental technique of comparative example, be calculated with the tilapia of this diet, survival rate (%) is 91.00 ± 4.44, liver body ratio (%) is 1.63 ± 0.16, and crude fat content (%) is 4.94 ± 0.24.Detect this experiment further Group and the tilapia quality of comparative example, the tilapia relatively comparative example body weight of this formula forage that finds to throw something and feed adds about 10%.
After above it can be seen that with the addition of 11.5~34.6 parts of black soldier flies larva culture medium in every 100 parts of feedstuffs, While reducing bean cake usage amount, the survival rate of tilapia can not only be improved, and the fat of tilapia can be reduced further Fat content, thus improve the nutritive value of tilapia.
Above example only introduces the preferred case of the present invention, to those skilled in the art, without departing substantially from this Any obvious changes and improvements carried out in invention scope, are regarded as the part of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a blood fat reducing, somatotrophic tilapia feed, it is characterised in that: described feedstuff by bean cake, black soldier flies larva culture medium, Rapeseed cake, cottonseed meal, flour, Oleum Glycines and feed additive composition.
Tilapia feed the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described feed additive contains phosphatide oil, phosphoric acid Calcium dihydrogen, mineral batch mixing, vitamin batch mixing, vitamin c phosphate, choline and Sal.
Tilapia feed the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: containing bean in every 100 mass parts tilapia feeds The dregs of rice 19.3~29.8 parts, black soldier flies larva culture medium 11.5~34.6 parts, rapeseed cake 8~12 parts, cottonseed meal 10~20 parts, flour 17.13~28.69 parts, Oleum Glycines 0.44~1.48 parts, feed additive 3~4 parts.
4. according to the fish meal described in claims 1 to 3 any one claim, it is characterised in that: described feed additive Phosphatide oil 1 part, dalcium biphosphate 1.5 parts, mineral batch mixing 0.5 part, vitamin batch mixing is provided for every 100 parts of tilapia feeds 0.1 part, vitamin c phosphate 0.03 part, 0.2 part of choline, Sal 0.2 part.
5. according to the tilapia feed described in right 2, it is characterised in that: every kilogram of mineral batch mixing contains Ca 230 g, K 36 G, Mg 9 g, Fe 10 g, Zn 8 g, Mn 1.9 g, Cu1.5 g, Co 0.25 g, I 0.032g, Se 0.05g.
6. according to the tilapia feed described in right 2, it is characterised in that: every kilogram of vitamin premix contains vitamin A 3200 000 IU, vitamin D31600 000 IU, vitamin E 16 g, vitamin K 4 g, vitamin B14 g, vitamin B2 8 g, Vitamin B64.8 g, nicotinic acid 28 g, calcium pantothenate 16 g, folic acid 1.28 g, inositol 40 g, vitamin B120.016 g, biological Element 0.064 g.
Tilapia feed the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: black soldier flies larva culture medium is to use peanut residue conduct Culture medium cultivation black soldier flies larva 6~after 10 days remaining peanut residue and the secretions of larva, Excreta through black soldier flies larva The wriggling heat production of itself prepares under symbiosis and the natural decomposition of inoculating microbe and fermentation effect, and dries the goods of gained.
Tilapia feed the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: described remaining peanut residue is the 8 of former culture medium ~12%.
Tilapia feed the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: described black soldier flies larva culture medium contains crude protein Matter 21.70%, crude fat 0.52%, ash 8.2%.
CN201610581410.9A 2016-07-22 2016-07-22 A kind of blood fat reducing, somatotrophic compound feed of tilapia Pending CN106071415A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107787925A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-03-13 广州飞禧特生物科技有限公司 Black soldier flies larva cultivation separation drying equipment and method
CN108669358A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-10-19 广东省农业科学院动物科学研究所 A kind of improvement health, the somatotrophic compound feed for snakehead fish of powder containing worm
CN108740554A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-11-06 广州飞禧特生物科技有限公司 A kind of swamp eel mixed feed improved food conversion ratio, improve health
CN113974025A (en) * 2021-11-29 2022-01-28 华南农业大学 Method for breeding tilapia with crisp meat

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101473904A (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-07-08 中山大学 Tilapia feed formula

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101473904A (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-07-08 中山大学 Tilapia feed formula

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
乔永刚: "鱼类饲料中蝇蛆培养物替代鱼粉的研究", 《中国博士学位论文全文数据库-农业科技辑》 *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107787925A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-03-13 广州飞禧特生物科技有限公司 Black soldier flies larva cultivation separation drying equipment and method
CN107787925B (en) * 2017-11-23 2023-08-11 广州飞禧特生物科技有限公司 Black soldier fly larva breeding, separating and drying equipment and method
CN108669358A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-10-19 广东省农业科学院动物科学研究所 A kind of improvement health, the somatotrophic compound feed for snakehead fish of powder containing worm
CN108669358B (en) * 2018-03-28 2022-08-12 广东省农业科学院动物科学研究所 Health-improving and growth-promoting compound feed containing insect powder for raw fish
CN108740554A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-11-06 广州飞禧特生物科技有限公司 A kind of swamp eel mixed feed improved food conversion ratio, improve health
CN113974025A (en) * 2021-11-29 2022-01-28 华南农业大学 Method for breeding tilapia with crisp meat

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Application publication date: 20161109