CN105994139A - Vertical-circulation ecological breeding method of broilers and medicinal earthworms - Google Patents

Vertical-circulation ecological breeding method of broilers and medicinal earthworms Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105994139A
CN105994139A CN201610337056.5A CN201610337056A CN105994139A CN 105994139 A CN105994139 A CN 105994139A CN 201610337056 A CN201610337056 A CN 201610337056A CN 105994139 A CN105994139 A CN 105994139A
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medicinal
parts
lumbricus
vermiculture
broiler
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CN105994139B (en
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宋兆霞
杨海蓉
张亮
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Xuzhou Jia Nong Agricultural Development Co., Ltd.
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Lianyungang Hengtu Farming Development Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/0332Earthworms
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention provides a vertical-circulation ecological breeding method of broilers and medicinal earthworms. The method comprises the following steps of S1, constructing a breeding rack which is provided with an upper broiler breeding cage and a lower medicinal earthworm breeding pot; S2, preparing a culture medium in the medicinal earthworm breeding pot; S3, broadcast sowing ryegrass seeds into the culture medium in the medicinal earthworm breeding pot in the step S2, and topdressing calcium superphosphate and ammonium bicarbonate; S4, culturing the medicinal earthworms, namely putting medicinal earthworm larvae into the culture medium in the medicinal earthworm breeding pot in the S2 for breeding; and S5, screening out hypogenetic or weak medicinal earthworms in the medicinal earthworm breeding pot, grinding and mixing the hypogenetic or weak medicinal earthworms with the ryegrass which is planted in the step S3, and putting the mixture into the broiler breeding cage for broiler eating, and taking out medicinal earthworms which are well developed and robustly growing to prepare medicinal materials. By adopting the method, materials, energy and space can be sufficiently utilized, the yield and quality of the broilers and medicinal earthworms can be effectively improved, the economical benefit is increased, and ecological environmental protection is realized.

Description

A kind of stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of broiler and medicinal Lumbricus
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural livestock and poultry cultivation field, particularly relate to a kind of abundant profit achieving material, the energy and space With, broiler and the yield and quality of medicinal Lumbricus can be effectively improved, not only improve economic benefit but also the broiler of ecological, environmental protective and medicine With the stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of Lumbricus.
Background technology
Over nearly 20 years, broiler industry is fastest-rising industry in China's animal husbandry development, is also in domestic meat industry Market Orientation and the highest industry of large-scale degree, become the effective strength promoting China's meat products to increase.Through for many years Develop rapidly, China has become as the second-biggest-in-the-world broiler production state after the U.S., and it is total that Carnis Gallus domesticus is consumed in China resident Proportion shared in consumption of meat improves constantly, and becomes the second largest consumption of meat product being only second to Carnis Sus domestica.Although broiler overall consumption Measure at the forefront in the world, but compared with World Developed Countries, the domestic consumption figure level of Carnis Gallus domesticus per capita is relatively low, only the 1/5 of the U.S. With the 1/3 of Brazil, and the proportion that China's Carnis Gallus domesticus consumption accounts for consumption of meat remains on relatively low.Quickly increase at population, urbanization Accelerate with process of industrialization, under a series of social background such as the fast development of food and restaurant service industry, it is anticipated that following China Carnis Gallus domesticus Consumption demand growth potential is the hugest.
But, the development of China broiler industry still suffers from many risks and challenge, on feedstuff, the aquaculture cost such as artificial Rising, broiler epidemic disease takes place frequently and complexity and control difficulty strengthen, product antibiotic, heavy-metal residual outstanding problem etc., seriously Have impact on the sustainable development of China's broiler production so that China's broiler product property is low, even has edible safety risk, I State's broiler Products Trade Chinese medicine is residual and Illegal addition event happens occasionally, and not only damages China's broiler product in international market Reputation, makes developed country as by arranging " technology barriers ", improves examination criteria, increase Testing index, limit China's broiler Outlet;And also result in domestic consumer's worry to broiler Safety of Food Quality, this situation if changed the most as early as possible, China's meat Chicken product also will lose domestic consumption market.
Making great efforts to reduce broiler production cost, raising broiler production efficiency and broiler product quality is to meet domestic broiler to disappear Take demand, improve China's broiler competitiveness in the international market, promote the inevitable approach of China's broiler outlet.Poultry ecologic breeding refers to By using kind of avian disease control, hatching process standardized administration, biological feedstuff, microbial ecological agent care procedure, immune programme for children, a life The series techniques such as state cultivation, control of microorganisms, offal treatment, it is ensured that broiler health grows, reduce the use of antibiotic, thus Produce the cultural method of the chicken meat product of safety, noresidue, be the only way of Chicken industry sustainable development.
Lumbricus, also known as cricket earthworm, Pheretima, is under the jurisdiction of Annelida Oligochaeta, is a kind of bisexualism, allogamous dynamic Thing.Lumbricus is a kind of multifunctional bio resource, and in Lumbricus body, 70% is all protein, is high-quality high protein source.In Lumbricus body also Containing the multiple enzyme with antibacterial action, the wherein polypeptide of liquid extraction, there are growth promotion and antibacterial effect, biological agriculture can be developed Medicine, biological veterinary, biological organic fertilizer etc., its added value of product is high, environmental protection.Lumbricus can also be researched and developed plurality kinds of health care food and move Thing albumen feedstuff, it is possible to reduce cost, improves product quality.Therefore, Lumbricus is a kind of low cost, reliable animal of highly effective and safe Albumen.
Vermiculture originates from New Zealand and the U.S. the earliest, and the vermiculture of China was started to walk from late 1970s, but Development is quickly.Lumbricus is used as Chinese crude drug-Pheretima the earliest, and along with the economic and development of science and technology, the range of application of Lumbricus is more Come the biggest.As being applied to environmental protection, the farming animals disposal of three wastes, turn waste into wealth, form benign cycle;Improvement soil, fertile field;Suppression The disease of crops;Lumbricus can be processed into Lumbricus powder, earthworm liquid, health product simultaneously, and wormcast can also do fertilizer.Earthworm Earthworm is low as a kind of aquaculture cost, rich in nutritive value, yield high and good in economic efficiency animal, has the biggest reality Meaning and promotion prospect.At present many countries developed and establish begin to take shape vermiculture enterprise, such as the U.S., day Basis, Canada, Britain, Italy, Spain, Australia, India, Philippine etc., the vermiculture of China is the most in the ascendant.
And broiler breeding use of the prior art, the Excreta of broiler simple compost or directly arrange after being mostly collected Put, not only waste the energy, also pollute environment simultaneously, in the cultivation of medicinal Lumbricus the most of the prior art, Lumbricus yield The best, production cost is higher, it is impossible to meet actual demand.If a kind of broiler and the stereo circulating of medicinal Lumbricus therefore can be developed Ecological cultivation method, can make full use of broiler production Excreta, and broiler Excreta is the good feedstuff of Lumbricus, and Lumbricus Or the feed additive that broiler is splendid, had the most both made full use of and can cultivate material, the energy and space, and can be effectively improved broiler And the yield and quality of medicinal Lumbricus, the hormone of broiler production and using of antibiotic can be reduced, not only improve economic benefit but also Ecological, environmental protective, therefore has important development potentiality.
Summary of the invention
For solving technical problem present in background technology, the present invention proposes a kind of broiler and the stereo circulating of medicinal Lumbricus Ecological cultivation method, it is achieved that making full use of of material, the energy and space, can be effectively improved broiler and medicinal Lumbricus yield and Quality, had not only improve economic benefit but also ecological, environmental protective.
A kind of broiler of present invention proposition and the stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of medicinal Lumbricus, comprise the steps:
The stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of a kind of broiler and medicinal Lumbricus, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
S1, building frame for cultivating, upper strata is broiler breeding cage, and lower floor is medicinal vermiculture basin;
The preparation of culture medium in S2, medicinal vermiculture basin: straw, Caulis et Folium Oryzae slag and Testa Fagopyri Esculenti are cleaned 3-4 time, controls water 100- 140min, is then placed on 110-130 DEG C of mesohigh sterilization 20-30min, puts into interpolation Semen Maydis flour, bean cake, bran after being cooled to room temperature Skin, Testa oryzae, vinasse, Radix Dauci Sativae powder, starch meat, bone meal, fish flour, rapeseed cake, Folium Cucurbitae, fluorspar powder, pond sludge soil, sodium humate, life Organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, nitrogenous fertilizer and potash fertilizer, then pulverize with pulverizer, after 8-12 mesh sieve, is subsequently adding yeast powder and carries out sending out Ferment, obtains culture medium in medicinal vermiculture basin in 24-26 DEG C of fermentation 2-4d;
S3, culture medium is broadcasted sowing in the medicinal vermiculture basin of S2 ryegrass seed, and impose calcium superphosphate and carbon ammonium;
S4, medicinal Lumbricus are cultivated: put into by medicinal Lumbricus larva and support in culture medium in the medicinal vermiculture basin in S2 Growing, Lumbricus larva injected volume is 0.3-0.8kg/m2, controlling temperature and be 24-26 DEG C, pH is 6-8, and control humidity is 20-30%;
S5, dysplasia in medicinal vermiculture basin or thin and weak medicinal Lumbricus are filtered out and plants, in S3, the rye (Secale cereale L.) obtained Broiler breeding cage supply eaten by broilers rendered to by grass after being pulverized and mixed, will physically well develop, and the medicinal Lumbricus of robust growth takes out system Standby medical material.
In S1, described medicinal vermiculture basin height 1-1.5m, long 40-60m, bottom width 2m, lower bottom width 3.5m on trapezoid cross section, At medicinal vermiculture basin top laying water pipes, described aqueduct offering hole for water spraying, hole for water spraying is periodically sprayed water, medicine It is 65-85% by vermiculture basin humidity.
In S2, in medicinal vermiculture basin, the raw material of culture medium includes by weight: straw 40-60 part, Caulis et Folium Oryzae slag 30-50 Part, Testa Fagopyri Esculenti 2-8 part, Semen Maydis flour 1-4 part, bean cake 2-5 part, wheat bran 3-6 part, Testa oryzae 1-4 part, vinasse 2-5 part, Radix Dauci Sativae powder 3-5 Part, starch meat 1-4 part, bone meal 2-5 part, fish flour 3-5 part, rapeseed cake 1-4 part, Folium Cucurbitae 2-6 part, fluorspar powder 1-4 part, pond sludge soil 3-6 part, sodium humate 2-5 part, biological organic fertilizer 3-9 part, phosphate fertilizer 2-5 part, nitrogenous fertilizer 1-4 part, potash fertilizer 2-5 part, yeast powder 3-6 Part.
In S2, in medicinal vermiculture basin, the raw material of culture medium includes by weight: straw 45-55 part, Caulis et Folium Oryzae slag 35-45 Part, Testa Fagopyri Esculenti 3-7 part, Semen Maydis flour 2-3 part, bean cake 3-4 part, wheat bran 4-5 part, Testa oryzae 2-3 part, vinasse 3-4 part, Radix Dauci Sativae powder 3.5-4.5 part, starch meat 2-3 part, bone meal 3-4 part, fish flour 3.5-4.5 part, rapeseed cake 2-3 part, Folium Cucurbitae 3-5 part, fluorspar powder 2-3 part, pond sludge soil 4-5 part, sodium humate 3-4 part, biological organic fertilizer 4-8 part, phosphate fertilizer 3-4 part, nitrogenous fertilizer 2-3 part, potash fertilizer 3-4 Part, yeast powder 4-5 part.
In S2, in medicinal vermiculture basin, the raw material of culture medium includes by weight: straw 50 parts, Caulis et Folium Oryzae slag 40 parts, buckwheat Testa Tritici 5 parts, Semen Maydis flour 2.5 parts, bean cake 3.5 parts, 4.5 parts of wheat bran, 2.5 parts of Testa oryzae, vinasse 3.5 parts, Radix Dauci Sativae powder 4 parts, starch meat 2.5 parts, bone meal 3.5 parts, fish flour 4 parts, rapeseed cake 2.5 parts, Folium Cucurbitae 4 parts, fluorspar powder 2.5 parts, pond sludge soil 4.5 parts, humic acids 3.5 parts of sodium, biological organic fertilizer 6 parts, 3.5 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 2.5 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, 3.5 parts of potash fertilizer, yeast powder 4.5 parts.
In S3, the amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 20-40g/m2
In S3, the amount of applying of calcium superphosphate is 15-35g/m2, the amount of applying of carbon ammonium is 8-14g/m2
Upper strata, by building frame for cultivating, is set to broiler breeding cage by the present invention, and lower floor is set to medicinal vermiculture basin, passes through Excreta during growth of meat chicken is put into the growth supplying Lumbricus in vermiculture dish, and by plantation rye grass for meat Chicken food use, rye grass is withered can be as the feedstuff of Lumbricus, the dysplasia grown or thin and weak Lumbricus supply eaten by broilers, meat Excreta in chicken growth course can be effectively improved yield and the quality of Lumbricus, and Lumbricus is as broiler chicken feed additive also simultaneously Improve yield and the quality of broiler, the Excreta in Lumbricus growth course can also effective purifying aquaculture environment, there is deodorization Effect.The invention comprehensively utilizes the material of broiler breeding, the energy and space, be greatly improved broiler and the yield of Lumbricus and product Matter, had not only improve economic benefit but also ecological, environmental protective.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail, it should be appreciated that embodiment is served only for this is described Bright rather than be used for limiting the invention, any made on the basis of the present invention amendment, equivalent etc. is all at this In bright protection domain.
Embodiment 1
A kind of broiler of present invention proposition and the stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of medicinal Lumbricus, comprise the steps:
S1, building frame for cultivating, upper strata is broiler breeding cage, and lower floor is medicinal vermiculture basin, and the most medicinal vermiculture basin is high 1.25m, long 50m, bottom width 2m, lower bottom width 3.5m on trapezoid cross section, in medicinal vermiculture basin top laying water pipes, water delivery Offering hole for water spraying on pipeline, hole for water spraying is periodically sprayed water, and medicinal vermiculture basin humidity is 75%;
The preparation of culture medium in S2, medicinal vermiculture basin: by weight by 50 parts of straws, 40 parts of Caulis et Folium Oryzae slags and 5 parts of Testa Fagopyri Esculentis Clean 3 times, control water 120min, be then placed on 120 DEG C of mesohigh sterilization 25min, after being cooled to room temperature, put into 2.5 parts of Semen Maydiss of interpolation Face, 3.5 parts of bean cake, 4.5 parts of wheat brans, 2.5 parts of Testa oryzaes, 3.5 parts of vinasses, 4 parts of Radix Dauci Sativae powder, 2.5 portions of starch meat, 3.5 parts of bone meal, 4 Part fish flour, 2.5 parts of rapeseed cakes, 4 parts of Folium Cucurbitae, 2.5 parts of fluorspar powders, 4.5 parts of pond sludge soil, 3.5 parts of sodium humates, 6 parts of biologies have Machine fertilizer, 3.5 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 2.5 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer and 3.5 parts of potash fertilizer, then pulverize with pulverizer, after 10 mesh sieves, be subsequently adding 4.5 parts Yeast powder ferments, and obtains culture medium in medicinal vermiculture basin in 25 DEG C of fermentation 3d;
S3, broadcasting sowing ryegrass seed in culture medium in the medicinal vermiculture basin of S2, the amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 30g/ m2, and imposing calcium superphosphate and carbon ammonium, the amount of applying of calcium superphosphate is 25g/m2, the amount of applying of carbon ammonium is 11g/m2
S4, medicinal Lumbricus are cultivated: put into by medicinal Lumbricus larva and support in culture medium in the medicinal vermiculture basin in S2 Growing, Lumbricus larva injected volume is 0.55kg/m2, controlling temperature is 25 DEG C, and pH is 7.0, and controlling humidity is 25%;
S5, dysplasia in medicinal vermiculture basin or thin and weak medicinal Lumbricus are filtered out and plants, in S3, the rye (Secale cereale L.) obtained Broiler breeding cage supply eaten by broilers rendered to by grass after being pulverized and mixed, will physically well develop, and the medicinal Lumbricus of robust growth takes out system Standby medical material.
Embodiment 2
A kind of broiler of present invention proposition and the stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of medicinal Lumbricus, comprise the steps:
S1, building frame for cultivating, upper strata is broiler breeding cage, and lower floor is medicinal vermiculture basin, and the most medicinal vermiculture basin is high 1m, long 60m, bottom width 2m, lower bottom width 3.5m on trapezoid cross section, at medicinal vermiculture basin top laying water pipes, water-supply-pipe Offering hole for water spraying on road, hole for water spraying is periodically sprayed water, and medicinal vermiculture basin humidity is 65%;
The preparation of culture medium in S2, medicinal vermiculture basin: by weight by 40 parts of straws, 50 parts of Caulis et Folium Oryzae slags and 2 parts of Testa Fagopyri Esculentis Clean 4 times, control water 100min, be then placed on 130 DEG C of mesohigh sterilization 20min, after being cooled to room temperature, put into 4 parts of Semen Maydiss of interpolation Face, 2 portions of bean cake, 6 portions of wheat brans, 1 portion of Testa oryzae, 5 portions of vinasses, 3 portions of Radix Dauci Sativae powder, 4 portions of starch meat, 2 portions of bone meal, 5 portions of fish flour, 1 portion of dish Seedcake, 6 parts of Folium Cucurbitae, 1 part of fluorspar powder, 6 parts of pond sludge soil, 2 parts of sodium humates, 9 parts of biological organic fertilizers, 2 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 4 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer With 2 parts of potash fertilizer, then pulverize with pulverizer, after 12 mesh sieves, be subsequently adding 3 parts of yeast powders and ferment, in 26 DEG C of 2d that ferment Obtain culture medium in medicinal vermiculture basin;
S3, broadcasting sowing ryegrass seed in culture medium in the medicinal vermiculture basin of S2, the amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 20g/ m2, and imposing calcium superphosphate and carbon ammonium, the amount of applying of calcium superphosphate is 35g/m2, the amount of applying of carbon ammonium is 8g/m2
S4, medicinal Lumbricus are cultivated: put into by medicinal Lumbricus larva and support in culture medium in the medicinal vermiculture basin in S2 Growing, Lumbricus larva injected volume is 0.8kg/m2, controlling temperature is 24 DEG C, and pH is 8.0, and controlling humidity is 20%;
S5, dysplasia in medicinal vermiculture basin or thin and weak medicinal Lumbricus are filtered out and plants, in S3, the rye (Secale cereale L.) obtained Broiler breeding cage supply eaten by broilers rendered to by grass after being pulverized and mixed, will physically well develop, and the medicinal Lumbricus of robust growth takes out system Standby medical material.
Embodiment 3
A kind of broiler of present invention proposition and the stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of medicinal Lumbricus, comprise the steps:
S1, building frame for cultivating, upper strata is broiler breeding cage, and lower floor is medicinal vermiculture basin, and the most medicinal vermiculture basin is high 1.5m, long 40m, bottom width 2m, lower bottom width 3.5m on trapezoid cross section, in medicinal vermiculture basin top laying water pipes, water delivery Offering hole for water spraying on pipeline, hole for water spraying is periodically sprayed water, and medicinal vermiculture basin humidity is 85%;
The preparation of culture medium in S2, medicinal vermiculture basin: by weight by 60 parts of straws, 30 parts of Caulis et Folium Oryzae slags and 8 parts of Testa Fagopyri Esculentis Clean 3 times, control water 140min, be then placed on 110 DEG C of mesohigh sterilization 30min, after being cooled to room temperature, put into 1 part of Semen Maydis of interpolation Face, 5 portions of bean cake, 3 portions of wheat brans, 4 portions of Testa oryzaes, 2 portions of vinasses, 5 portions of Radix Dauci Sativae powder, 1 portion of starch meat, 5 portions of bone meal, 3 portions of fish flour, 4 portions of dishes Seedcake, 2 parts of Folium Cucurbitae, 4 parts of fluorspar powders, 3 parts of pond sludge soil, 5 parts of sodium humates, 3 parts of biological organic fertilizers, 5 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 1 part of nitrogenous fertilizer With 5 parts of potash fertilizer, then pulverize with pulverizer, after 8 mesh sieves, be subsequently adding 6 parts of yeast powders and ferment, obtain in 24 DEG C of fermentation 4d Culture medium in medicinal vermiculture basin;
S3, broadcasting sowing ryegrass seed in culture medium in the medicinal vermiculture basin of S2, the amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 20g/ m2, and imposing calcium superphosphate and carbon ammonium, the amount of applying of calcium superphosphate is 35g/m2, the amount of applying of carbon ammonium is 8g/m2
S4, medicinal Lumbricus are cultivated: put into by medicinal Lumbricus larva and support in culture medium in the medicinal vermiculture basin in S2 Growing, Lumbricus larva injected volume is 0.8kg/m2, controlling temperature is 24 DEG C, and pH is 8.0, and controlling humidity is 20%;
S5, dysplasia in medicinal vermiculture basin or thin and weak medicinal Lumbricus are filtered out and plants, in S3, the rye (Secale cereale L.) obtained Broiler breeding cage supply eaten by broilers rendered to by grass after being pulverized and mixed, will physically well develop, and the medicinal Lumbricus of robust growth takes out system Standby medical material.
Embodiment 4
A kind of broiler of present invention proposition and the stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of medicinal Lumbricus, comprise the steps:
S1, building frame for cultivating, upper strata is broiler breeding cage, and lower floor is medicinal vermiculture basin, and the most medicinal vermiculture basin is high 1.1m, long 55m, bottom width 2m, lower bottom width 3.5m on trapezoid cross section, in medicinal vermiculture basin top laying water pipes, water delivery Offering hole for water spraying on pipeline, hole for water spraying is periodically sprayed water, and medicinal vermiculture basin humidity is 68%;
The preparation of culture medium in S2, medicinal vermiculture basin: by weight by 45 parts of straws, 45 parts of Caulis et Folium Oryzae slags and 3 parts of Testa Fagopyri Esculentis Clean 4 times, control water 1100min, be then placed on 125 DEG C of mesohigh sterilization 22min, after being cooled to room temperature, put into 3 parts of Semen Maydiss of interpolation Face, 3 parts of bean cake, 5 parts of wheat brans, 2 parts of Testa oryzaes, 4 parts of vinasses, 3.5 parts of Radix Dauci Sativae powder, 3 portions of starch meat, 3 parts of bone meal, 4.5 parts of fish flour, 1 Part rapeseed cake, 6 parts of Folium Cucurbitae, 1 part of fluorspar powder, 6 parts of pond sludge soil, 2 parts of sodium humates, 8 parts of biological organic fertilizers, 3 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 3 parts Nitrogenous fertilizer and 3 parts of potash fertilizer, then pulverize with pulverizer, after 11 mesh sieves, be subsequently adding 4 parts of yeast powders and ferment, in 25.5 DEG C Fermentation 2.5d obtains culture medium in medicinal vermiculture basin;
S3, broadcasting sowing ryegrass seed in culture medium in the medicinal vermiculture basin of S2, the amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 35g/ m2, and imposing calcium superphosphate and carbon ammonium, the amount of applying of calcium superphosphate is 18g/m2, the amount of applying of carbon ammonium is 13g/m2
S4, medicinal Lumbricus are cultivated: put into by medicinal Lumbricus larva and support in culture medium in the medicinal vermiculture basin in S2 Growing, Lumbricus larva injected volume is 0.4kg/m2, controlling temperature is 25.5 DEG C, and pH is 6.5, and controlling humidity is 28%;
S5, dysplasia in medicinal vermiculture basin or thin and weak medicinal Lumbricus are filtered out and plants, in S3, the rye (Secale cereale L.) obtained Broiler breeding cage supply eaten by broilers rendered to by grass after being pulverized and mixed, will physically well develop, and the medicinal Lumbricus of robust growth takes out system Standby medical material.
Embodiment 5
A kind of broiler of present invention proposition and the stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of medicinal Lumbricus, comprise the steps:
S1, building frame for cultivating, upper strata is broiler breeding cage, and lower floor is medicinal vermiculture basin, and the most medicinal vermiculture basin is high 1.5m, long 40m, bottom width 2m, lower bottom width 3.5m on trapezoid cross section, in medicinal vermiculture basin top laying water pipes, water delivery Offering hole for water spraying on pipeline, hole for water spraying is periodically sprayed water, and medicinal vermiculture basin humidity is 85%;
The preparation of culture medium in S2, medicinal vermiculture basin: by weight by 60 parts of straws, 30 parts of Caulis et Folium Oryzae slags and 8 parts of Testa Fagopyri Esculentis Clean 3 times, control water 140min, be then placed on 110 DEG C of mesohigh sterilization 30min, after being cooled to room temperature, put into 1 part of Semen Maydis of interpolation Face, 5 portions of bean cake, 3 portions of wheat brans, 4 portions of Testa oryzaes, 2 portions of vinasses, 5 portions of Radix Dauci Sativae powder, 1 portion of starch meat, 5 portions of bone meal, 3 portions of fish flour, 4 portions of dishes Seedcake, 2 parts of Folium Cucurbitae, 4 parts of fluorspar powders, 3 parts of pond sludge soil, 5 parts of sodium humates, 3 parts of biological organic fertilizers, 5 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 1 part of nitrogenous fertilizer With 5 parts of potash fertilizer, then pulverize with pulverizer, after 8 mesh sieves, be subsequently adding 6 parts of yeast powders and ferment, obtain in 24 DEG C of fermentation 4d Culture medium in medicinal vermiculture basin;
S3, broadcasting sowing ryegrass seed in culture medium in the medicinal vermiculture basin of S2, the amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 40g/ m2, and imposing calcium superphosphate and carbon ammonium, the amount of applying of calcium superphosphate is 15g/m2, the amount of applying of carbon ammonium is 14g/m2
S4, medicinal Lumbricus are cultivated: put into by medicinal Lumbricus larva and support in culture medium in the medicinal vermiculture basin in S2 Growing, Lumbricus larva injected volume is 0.3kg/m2, controlling temperature is 26 DEG C, and pH is 6.0, and controlling humidity is 30%;
S5, dysplasia in medicinal vermiculture basin or thin and weak medicinal Lumbricus are filtered out and plants, in S3, the rye (Secale cereale L.) obtained Broiler breeding cage supply eaten by broilers rendered to by grass after being pulverized and mixed, will physically well develop, and the medicinal Lumbricus of robust growth takes out system Standby medical material.
In May, 2016, by the broiler described in embodiment 1-embodiment 5 and the stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of medicinal Lumbricus Being applied in the cultivation of reality, cultivation broiler kind is gu-shi chicken, and breeding earthworm kind is LUMBRICUS children's earthworm, arranges blank Group, blank group is the independent cultivation of broiler and Lumbricus, and environment is identical with embodiment 1-embodiment 5 with feedstuff injected volume. The broiler of embodiment 1-5 and Lumbricus are delivered for sale after all raising 48 days and gather, and weigh broiler and Lumbricus respectively, statistics volume increase Amount, the data such as table 1 below that broiler and Chinese medicine Lumbricus feeding experiment obtain.
The data obtained according to above-mentioned table 1, it appeared that use the solid of broiler of the present invention and medicinal Lumbricus to follow After broiler and Lumbricus are fed by ring ecological cultivation method, the yield of broiler and Lumbricus has all obtained significant raising.
The above, the only present invention preferably detailed description of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art in the technical scope that the invention discloses, according to technical scheme and Inventive concept equivalent or change in addition, all should contain within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a broiler and the stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of medicinal Lumbricus, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
S1, building frame for cultivating, upper strata is broiler breeding cage, and lower floor is medicinal vermiculture basin;
The preparation of culture medium in S2, medicinal vermiculture basin: straw, Caulis et Folium Oryzae slag and Testa Fagopyri Esculenti are cleaned 3-4 time, controls water 100- 140min, is then placed on 110-130 DEG C of mesohigh sterilization 20-30min, puts into interpolation Semen Maydis flour, bean cake, bran after being cooled to room temperature Skin, Testa oryzae, vinasse, Radix Dauci Sativae powder, starch meat, bone meal, fish flour, rapeseed cake, Folium Cucurbitae, fluorspar powder, pond sludge soil, sodium humate, life Organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, nitrogenous fertilizer and potash fertilizer, then pulverize with pulverizer, after 8-12 mesh sieve, is subsequently adding yeast powder and carries out sending out Ferment, obtains culture medium in medicinal vermiculture basin in 24-26 DEG C of fermentation 2-4d;
S3, culture medium is broadcasted sowing in the medicinal vermiculture basin of S2 ryegrass seed, and impose calcium superphosphate and carbon ammonium;
S4, medicinal Lumbricus are cultivated: put into by medicinal Lumbricus larva and support in culture medium in the medicinal vermiculture basin in S2 Growing, Lumbricus larva injected volume is 0.3-0.8kg/m2, controlling temperature and be 24-26 DEG C, pH is 6-8, and control humidity is 20-30%;
S5, dysplasia in medicinal vermiculture basin or thin and weak medicinal Lumbricus are filtered out and plants, in S3, the rye (Secale cereale L.) obtained Broiler breeding cage supply eaten by broilers rendered to by grass after being pulverized and mixed, will physically well develop, and the medicinal Lumbricus of robust growth takes out system Standby medical material.
The stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of broiler the most according to claim 1 and medicinal Lumbricus, it is characterised in that S1 In, described medicinal vermiculture basin height 1-1.5m, long 40-60m, bottom width 2m, lower bottom width 3.5m on trapezoid cross section, medicinal Lumbricus Cultivation pot top laying water pipes, described aqueduct offers hole for water spraying, and hole for water spraying is periodically sprayed water, medicinal vermiculture Basin humidity is 65-85%.
The stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of broiler the most according to claim 1 and 2 and medicinal Lumbricus, it is characterised in that In S2, in medicinal vermiculture basin, the raw material of culture medium includes by weight: straw 40-60 part, Caulis et Folium Oryzae slag 30-50 part, Semen Fagopyri Esculenti Skin 2-8 part, Semen Maydis flour 1-4 part, bean cake 2-5 part, wheat bran 3-6 part, Testa oryzae 1-4 part, vinasse 2-5 part, Radix Dauci Sativae powder 3-5 part, starch Meat 1-4 part, bone meal 2-5 part, fish flour 3-5 part, rapeseed cake 1-4 part, Folium Cucurbitae 2-6 part, fluorspar powder 1-4 part, pond sludge soil 3-6 part, Sodium humate 2-5 part, biological organic fertilizer 3-9 part, phosphate fertilizer 2-5 part, nitrogenous fertilizer 1-4 part, potash fertilizer 2-5 part, yeast powder 3-6 part.
4. according to the broiler described in any one of claim 1-3 and the stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of medicinal Lumbricus, its feature Being, in S2, in medicinal vermiculture basin, the raw material of culture medium includes by weight: straw 45-55 part, Caulis et Folium Oryzae slag 35-45 part, Testa Fagopyri Esculenti 3-7 part, Semen Maydis flour 2-3 part, bean cake 3-4 part, wheat bran 4-5 part, Testa oryzae 2-3 part, vinasse 3-4 part, Radix Dauci Sativae powder 3.5- 4.5 parts, starch meat 2-3 part, bone meal 3-4 part, fish flour 3.5-4.5 part, rapeseed cake 2-3 part, Folium Cucurbitae 3-5 part, fluorspar powder 2-3 Part, pond sludge soil 4-5 part, sodium humate 3-4 part, biological organic fertilizer 4-8 part, phosphate fertilizer 3-4 part, nitrogenous fertilizer 2-3 part, potash fertilizer 3-4 part, ferment Female powder 4-5 part.
5. according to the broiler described in any one of claim 1-4 and the stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of medicinal Lumbricus, its feature Being, in S2, in medicinal vermiculture basin, the raw material of culture medium includes by weight: straw 50 parts, Caulis et Folium Oryzae slag 40 parts, Testa Fagopyri Esculenti 5 parts, Semen Maydis flour 2.5 parts, bean cake 3.5 parts, 4.5 parts of wheat bran, 2.5 parts of Testa oryzae, vinasse 3.5 parts, Radix Dauci Sativae powder 4 parts, starch meat 2.5 Part, bone meal 3.5 parts, fish flour 4 parts, rapeseed cake 2.5 parts, Folium Cucurbitae 4 parts, fluorspar powder 2.5 parts, pond sludge soil 4.5 parts, sodium humate 3.5 parts, biological organic fertilizer 6 parts, 3.5 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 2.5 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, 3.5 parts of potash fertilizer, yeast powder 4.5 parts.
6. according to the broiler described in any one of claim 1-5 and the stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of medicinal Lumbricus, its feature Being, in S3, the amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 20-40g/m2
7. according to the broiler described in any one of claim 1-6 and the stereo circulating ecological cultivation method of medicinal Lumbricus, its feature Being, in S3, the amount of applying of calcium superphosphate is 15-35g/m2, the amount of applying of carbon ammonium is 8-14g/m2
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