CN105831778A - Washing device and operation method - Google Patents

Washing device and operation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105831778A
CN105831778A CN201610194920.0A CN201610194920A CN105831778A CN 105831778 A CN105831778 A CN 105831778A CN 201610194920 A CN201610194920 A CN 201610194920A CN 105831778 A CN105831778 A CN 105831778A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
cleaning
tank
shower nozzle
drip washing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610194920.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘朝红
杜宝亮
叶晓波
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao Haier Smart Technology R&D Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Qingdao Haier Smart Technology R&D Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qingdao Haier Smart Technology R&D Co Ltd filed Critical Qingdao Haier Smart Technology R&D Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610194920.0A priority Critical patent/CN105831778A/en
Publication of CN105831778A publication Critical patent/CN105831778A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L15/00Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware
    • A47L15/14Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware with stationary crockery baskets and spraying devices within the cleaning chamber
    • A47L15/18Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware with stationary crockery baskets and spraying devices within the cleaning chamber with movably-mounted spraying devices
    • A47L15/22Rotary spraying devices
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F17/00Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, wherein the washing action is effected solely by circulation or agitation of the washing liquid
    • D06F17/04Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, wherein the washing action is effected solely by circulation or agitation of the washing liquid solely by water jets

Abstract

The present invention discloses a washing device and an operation method. The device includes a box body, a water tank is arranged within the box body, and a cavity is formed between the boxy body and the water tank. Pluralities of air-entrapping spray-heads are distributed at the bottom of the water tank. Water inlets of the air-entrapping spray-heads are connected to an internal circulation water pump, a water inlet of the internal circulation water pump is connected to the water tank, and the internal circulation water pump is located within the cavity below the water tank. A multi-porous separation plate is arranged above the air-entrapping spray-heads in the water tank, and a sewage draining outlet is arranged at the bottom of the water tank. The device can effectively reduce labor intensity, improve the washing efficiency, save and utilize water resources, maintain the nutritional value and hygienic indexes of fruits and vegetables, and meet the demands of people for fresh and high-nutritional fruits and vegetables.

Description

A kind of cleaning device and operational approach
Technical field
The invention belongs to the cleaning equipment technical field of fruit and vegerable, dishes, small clothes etc., be specifically related to a kind of water saving, clean Degree is high, cleaning performance intuitively visible, when fruit and vegerable clean, do not hinder washing household device and the operational approach of fruit and vegerable epidermis.
Background technology
Fresh veterinary antibiotics is the source of nutrition such as the important vitamin of people, trace element, protein, but residual on fruit and vegerable The pesticide stayed and other harmful chemicals threaten health, cause the highest attention of people.Currently, at residual pesticide With harmful chemical removal aspect, clear water immersion known to ordinary people, saline soak, detergent immersion etc. can not be played Real degraded removal effect.The technology such as the commonly used ozone of fruit and vegerable cleaning equipment that at present businessman is sold or ultraviolet are for being harmful to The removal of material, but ozone itself has pungent abnormal flavour, it is possible to create the strong carcinogens such as bromate, and ultraviolet is inherently to people Body is harmful to.In addition, residual pesticide and harmful chemicals additive removal situation can not be showed by fruit and vegerable cleaning equipment intuitively Whether user, user unclear once purged fruit and vegerable reach safety criterion, and Consumer's Experience is bad.Fruit and vegerable cleaning process is usual Also can expend substantial amounts of water and manpower.Therefore, need to develop further in terms of residual pesticide and harmful chemical removal safety, Efficient new technique.
On fruit and vegerable cleaning way, the commonly used inside and outside twin-tub structure of fruit and vegerable cleaning equipment that current businessman is sold, utilize eddy flow Washing, its mechanism is similar to roller washing machine, and in i.e. relying on, the water rotated in drive bucket of bucket is according to the most repeatedly flowing Dynamic.These mode of washing current are single, flow to not orientation and main flow rule, and fruit and vegerable can move together to slow down along with current and wash away effect Really, cause cleaning weak effect.
Patent " a kind of fruit and vegerable deep clean processing equipment " (number of patent application: 201410473197.0) proposes a kind of fruit and vegerable The scheme of deep clean, is provided with at fruit and vegerable bottom of rinse bath and seethes shower nozzle and ozonator, and sidewall arranges rushing nozzle, and An additional ultraviolet light photocatalysis unit.The program is designed with contacting of beneficially ozone and water, improves residual pesticide and nuisance The oxidative degradation of matter, and water body can be carried out disinfection by photocatalysis further that driven by ultraviolet light.But, it is positioned at Fruit and vegerable bottom of rinse bath, vertically upward seethe shower nozzle and be positioned at fruit-vegetable clear washing trough top rushing nozzle design fruit and vegerable are cleaned Water in groove rotates, and its scavenging mechanism is still that the eddy flow washing of similar roller washing machine, cleans poor effect.Additionally, Although the program is provided with water circular treatment, district makes trough inner water can be recycled, but the lower level sensor being used for controlling water injection rate sets Seated position is higher so that minimum water injection rate is the biggest, weak effect of economizing on water when the fruit and vegerable negligible amounts that need to clean.
For fruit and the easily quilt such as Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, Rhizoma Dioscoreae such as Fructus Fragariae Ananssae, Fructus Mali pumilae, the berry of bunchiness and Fructus Vitis viniferae, Fructus Persicae that Maturity is high Under the vegetable of oxidation and the leaf vegetables such as Herba Spinaciae, high speed impact current that these fruit and vegerable eject at rushing nozzle and drum-type cyclonic action The probability causing broken skin to be damaged that collides is higher, easily causes nutrition leak and the secondary pollution problem of fruit and vegerable, food safety without Method is protected.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to make up present in prior art and product in drawbacks described above is several, and the present invention provides a kind of Economize on water, wash degree is high, do not hinder fruit and vegerable epidermis, cleaning performance visible washing household device scheme directly perceived, strong to reducing work Degree, improves cleaning efficiency, saves and utilizes water resource, keeps fruit vegetable nutrient to be worth and sanitary index, meets people to fresh, high The demand of nutrient fruit and vegetable.
A kind of cleaning device, including casing, is used for supporting whole cleaning device;Tank, is positioned at box house, described tank Side and bottom surface and casing between form cavity, described tank, as cleaning container, is used for holding article to be cleaned and cleaning and uses Water;Multiple aerating shower nozzles, are distributed on the bottom surface of tank, described aerating shower nozzle ejection gas-vapor mix body, are used for strengthening cleaning effect Really;Interior water circulating pump, in the cavity between bottom of gullet and casing, the water inlet connection water channel of described interior water circulating pump, Outlet connects aerating shower nozzle respectively, for the rinse water in tank being assigned in each aerating shower nozzle, it is achieved the water in tank Recycle;Porous barrier, is positioned at the top of tank aerating shower nozzle, places article to be cleaned on described porous barrier;Row Dirty mouth, is positioned at bottom of gullet, for being discharged by the cleaning waste water in tank.
In order to strengthen drip washing effect, the described tank sidewall near top is provided with organizes fountain head more, the water inlet of described fountain head Connecting drip washing water pump, the water inlet pipe that the water inlet connecting box of described drip washing water pump is external, described drip washing water pump is positioned at below tank In cavity.
In order to strengthen drip washing effect further, it is ensured that the coverage rate that output current are broad, described fountain head is shower nozzle of twitching one's mouth, described Shower nozzle of twitching one's mouth includes bottom attached portion two, globe joint two and the outlet of twitching one's mouth being sequentially connected with, and described bottom attached portion is detachable The sidewall being connected to described tank on, and be connected with drip washing pump outlet;Described globe joint can be level-vertical 90 ° In the range of and level tilt and rotate in the range of 15 °.
In order to strengthen cleaning performance, utilize electrolysis that residual pesticide and harmful chemical are degraded, described bottom of gullet The lateral symmetry of axis is distributed multiple electrolysis electrode, and described electrolysis electrode is elongated silver electrode, silver electrolysis electrode top It is silver nanostructured that part is furnished with arborization.
Further, described top is distributed the preparation method of the silver nanostructured silver electrolysis electrode of arborization and is: use The DC source of output voltage and output controlled current flow controls instrument as electro-deposition, using the platinum filament of diameter 1-2mm as auxiliary Electrode, the silver wire of diameter 1-2mm, as reference electrode, is inserted the nitric acid that concentration is 1-10mmol/L by saturated calomel electrode Silver and concentration are in the dodecyl sodium sulfate mixed aqueous solution of 0.05-0.5g/L, in-0.8V~0.8V running voltage under room temperature Under carry out constant potential electro-deposition, sedimentation time 300-1200s;Electro-deposition is above-mentioned with dehydrated alcohol and deionized water wash after completing Silver wire, and dry up with nitrogen.
In order to strengthen cleaning performance further, utilize photocatalysis that residual pesticide and harmful chemical are degraded, described Photocatalyst is coated on porous barrier;Described bottom of gullet is provided with the underwater lamp promoting light-catalyzed reaction.
In order to more intuitively clean result be presented to user, the described tank sidewall near bottom is provided with water quality monitoring electrode, The described water quality monitoring electrode control panel by circuit connecting box external body.
In order to strengthen the decay resistance of this device, and being readily cleaned, described tank uses surface to carry out anodized Aluminum alloy material.
In order to form the plentiful gas-vapor mix body that fountain type rises, form cavitation, described aerating shower nozzle institute at fruit and vegetable surfaces State aerating shower nozzle and include that bottom connection is first, globe joint one, the water stream channel with air-vent, outlet, parcel current are logical The overcoat in road, the connection of described bottom is first to removably connect with cleaning sink, and is connected by the outlet of water pipe with interior water circulating pump Connecing, the lower end of described globe joint one is connected first connection with bottom, and upper end is connected with water stream channel, and described globe joint can be around Centerline axis removably connects with water stream channel to 10-30 ° of rotation, described overcoat, and diameter and the height adjustable of described overcoat change.
Present invention also offers a kind of operational approach cleaning device, step is:
1) article to be cleaned are put into cleaning sink, be placed on porous barrier;Open water inlet pipe, switch on power, startup self-detection;
2) according to cleaning quantity, it is carried out on the control panel setting;
3) by starting button, drip washing water pump and fountain head are started working, and first treat article-cleaning and carry out drip washing, and make cleaning In tank, the water yield reaches aerating shower nozzle work institute water requirement, and drip washing water pump and fountain head quit work;
4) while drip washing water pump and fountain head quit work, interior water circulating pump and aerating shower nozzle are started working, underwater lamp and Electrolysis electrode is opened simultaneously, is carried out article, and passes through photocatalysis and electrolysis to residual pesticide and harmful Learn material to degrade;
5) with step 4) Tong Bu, water quality monitoring electrode works, and detects the residual pesticide concentration in water body in real time, institute Survey data result to be shown by the display lamp of different colours;
6) when water quality monitoring electrode output " safety " instruction, interior water circulating pump and aerating shower nozzle quit work, and sewage draining exit is beaten Open, discharge and clean waste water;
7) drip washing water pump and fountain head are started working, and the article on dividing plate carry out the drip washing of 1-100s, removes fruit and vegerable further Remained on surface waste water, drip washing water pump and fountain head quit work subsequently, and cleaning completes.
Compared with prior art, advantages of the present invention and good effect are:
1, the cleaning device in the present invention uses the design of single cleaning sink structure, parts without spin, changes conventional clean dress Putting the inside and outside twin-tub structure of employing, structure is simpler efficiently;
2, conventional clean device uses fixed shower nozzle, cleans current spray regime fixed single, it is impossible to uniform fold is whole Cleaning space, the article of diverse location are in differentiation wash environment, clean weak effect;Cleaning device in the present invention uses Aerating shower nozzle and shower nozzle of twitching one's mouth are provided with globe joint, can rotate freely in the range of certain angle, to the fruit and vegerable in cleaning sink, Dishess etc. carry out indiscriminate cover type cleaning;
3, the device that cleans in the present invention uses the rising aqueous vapor mixture of fountain type as the cleaning medium of fruit and vegerable, changes biography System cleans the cyclone water mold cleaning formula that device uses, and the most only needs a small amount of water can form the water body that expands of gas-vapor mix, and leads to In crossing, water circulating pump realizes recycling of rinse water, has significant water-saving result;The rising aqueous vapor mixture of fountain type makes Fruit and vegerable clean time be in suspended state, decrease the sharp impacts between fruit and vegerable and wall, fruit and vegerable and friction, reduce Fructus Fragariae Ananssae, The broken skin probability of the easy damaged fruit and vegerable such as berry, decreases nutrition leak, reduces the probability of food secondary pollution, and combination can Seeing that fruit and vegerable, dishes etc. are thoroughly cleaned by light photocatalysis technology and electrolysis water, plasma oxidation technology, wash degree is higher.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1, the present embodiment clean the front view of device;
Fig. 2, it is the top view (without porous barrier) cleaning device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3, it is the side view cleaning device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4, it is the structural representation of aerating shower nozzle in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5, it is the principle schematic of aerating shower nozzle in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6, it is the structural representation of shower nozzle of twitching one's mouth in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7, it is the structural representation of electrolysis electrode in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8, it is the schematic appearance cleaning device in Fig. 1;
Figure marks: 1, casing, 2, tank, 3, cavity, 4, aerating shower nozzle, 41, outlet, 42, overcoat, 43, spherical Joint one, 44, bottom connect first, 45, air-vent, 46, water stream channel, 5, underwater lamp, 6, electrolysis electrode, 7, Interior water circulating pump, 8, drip washing water pump, 9, shower nozzle of twitching one's mouth, 91, bottom union joint two, 92, globe joint two, 93, twitch one's mouth Outlet, 10, water quality monitoring electrode, 11, porous barrier, 12, blow-off pipe, 13, water inlet pipe.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, technical scheme is described in further detail.
Fruit and vegerable are carried out by the washing of existing fruit and vegerable cleaning equipment commonly used eddy flow and impact current drip washing mode, there is consumption The problem that the water yield is big, wash degree is the highest, and fruit and vegerable broken skin rate in cleaning process is higher, is easily caused nutrition leak and secondary is dirty Dye, food safety cannot be protected.In terms of residual pesticide and harmful chemical removal, existing ozone oxidation, ultraviolet Light sterilization may produce the strong carcinogens such as bromate, and human body is existed harm, and ultrasonic wave concussion technology is then along with noise pollution. Additionally, residual pesticide and harmful chemicals additive cannot be removed situation by existing product shows user intuitively, user is the most unclear Whether the once purged fruit and vegerable of Chu reach safety criterion, and Consumer's Experience is bad.
For achieving the above object, below with reference to illustrating the technical scheme that the present embodiment uses.
It is respectively shown in Fig. 1-3 and cleans the front view of device, top view and side view.Clean device by casing 1 and cleaning sink 2 two major parts are constituted, and casing 1 is used for supporting whole cleaning device;Tank 2 is positioned at box house, basin sidewall and water Forming cavity 3 between groove bottom and casing, described tank, as cleaning container, is used for holding article to be cleaned and water for cleaning. Several aerating shower nozzle 4 is distributed on cleaning sink 2 bottom surface, and described aerating shower nozzle produces the gas-vapor mix body of fountain type, is used for Strengthen cleaning performance;The water inlet of described aerating shower nozzle 4 connects interior water circulating pump 7, and described interior water circulating pump 7 is positioned at the bottom of tank In cavity between portion and casing, the water inlet connection water channel of described interior water circulating pump, for being assigned to the rinse water in tank In each aerating shower nozzle, it is achieved the water circulation use in tank;In described tank aerating shower nozzle be arranged over porous barrier 11, Described porous barrier is placed article to be cleaned;Described bottom of gullet is provided with sewage draining exit, for being arranged by the cleaning waste water in tank Go out.
The device that cleans in the present embodiment uses the rising aqueous vapor mixture cleaning medium as fruit and vegerable of fountain type, operationally Only need a small amount of water can form the water body that expands of gas-vapor mix, and realize recycling of rinse water by interior water circulating pump, have Significantly water-saving result;The rising aqueous vapor mixture of fountain type makes fruit and vegerable or other article be in suspended state when cleaning, and subtracts Lack the sharp impacts between fruit and vegerable and wall, fruit and vegerable and friction, reduce the broken skin probability of the easy damaged fruit and vegerable such as Fructus Fragariae Ananssae, berry, Decrease nutrition leak, reduce the probability of food secondary pollution.
Several electrolysis electrode 6 and several LED underwater lamp 5 are also distributed on tank 2 bottom surface of the present embodiment;Cleaning sink 2 sidewalls near bottom are provided with water quality monitoring electrode 10, and the sidewall near top is provided with several symmetrical fountain head 9. Drip washing water pump 8 it is additionally provided with in cavity below described tank, the water inlet pipe 13 that the water inlet connecting box of described drip washing water pump 8 is external, Multiple outlets connect fountain head 9 respectively;The clean water that the external world is inputted by described drip washing water pump distributes to fountain head, to cleaning Water filling fruit and vegerable are carried out drip washing in tank.Sewage draining exit bottom described cleaning sink connects blow-off pipe 12, described blow-off pipe 12 Wash water in tank can be discharged.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, described aerating shower nozzle 4 includes that bottom connects first 44, globe joint 1, with ventilative The water stream channel 46 in hole 45, outlet 41, the overcoat 42 of parcel water stream channel, connect first 44 and rinse water by bottom Groove 2 removably connects, and is connected with interior water circulating pump 7 outlet by water pipe, and preferably bottom union joint is threaded connector; The lower end of globe joint 1 is connected first 44 and connects with bottom, and upper end is connected with water stream channel 41, and described globe joint can Around centerline axis to 10-30 ° of rotation, in order to realize more preferable cleaning performance, preferred globe joint around centerline axis to 15 ° Rotate.The negative pressure that water stream channel 41 utilizes the outer high-velocity flow of outlet to be formed sucks the sky between water stream channel 41 and overcoat 42 Gas, can form the white of gas-vapor mix with a small amount of water and expand water body.Described overcoat removably connects with water stream channel 41, can To be to be threaded connection, described overcoat 42 has plurality of specifications, and the adjustable overcoat changing different-diameter or height into, by exchanging The overcoat 42 of different size can change the air capacity of suction, and overcoat is the biggest with the relative altitude of outlet, and the air of suction is more Many, the bubble that gas-vapor mix body comprises is the most, the most tiny, and cleaning performance is the best.Aerating shower nozzle forms the rich of fountain type rising Full water gas mixture, covering diameter is 0.1-0.2 rice, and height be 0.15-0.3 rice, therefore, according to the shape of cleaning sink and greatly Little, several aerating shower nozzles are rationally arranged, i.e. the fruit and vegerable on porous barrier can be carried out cover type cleaning.Fountain type rises The a large amount of bubbles contained in plentiful gas-vapor mix body, explode during bubble contact to fruit and vegetable surfaces, and explosion time moment produces high temperature This process (is referred to as cavitation in physics) by impacting with high pressure fruit and vegetable surfaces, makes the dirt rapid deterioration on fruit and vegerable.Fountain type Rise plentiful gas-vapor mix body drop return bottom cleaning sink, via interior water circulating pump water inlet enter in water circulating pump, again by Pump into the recycling of aerating shower nozzle, it is achieved water-saving result.The plentiful gas-vapor mix body that fountain type rises makes at the fruit and vegerable on dividing plate In suspended state, cleaning process decreases the sharp impacts between fruit and vegerable and frequently friction, reduces fruit and vegerable broken skin injury tolerance, preferably Ground retains nutrition, reduces the probability of secondary food pollution.
As shown in Figure 6, described fountain head 9 is preferably twitched one's mouth shower nozzle, including the bottom attached portion 2 91 being sequentially connected with, spherical Joint 2 92 and outlet 93 of twitching one's mouth, described bottom attached portion 2 91 is removably attachable on the sidewall of described tank, and It is connected with drip washing pump outlet;Preferably bottom attached portion 2 91 is threaded connector, and the mode of being threaded connection is fixed on On the sidewall of tank.Described globe joint 2 92 can be in the range of level-vertical 90 ° and level tilts 15 ° of scopes Interior rotation, it is ensured that the coverage rate that output current are broad.What described shower nozzle of twitching one's mouth was paired is arranged on cleaning sink in top On wall, symmetrical, for drip washing fruit and vegerable before fruit and vegerable cleaning, water filling in cleaning sink, clean latter end to fruit and vegerable at fruit and vegerable Carry out drip washing cleaning.
As it is shown in fig. 7, described electrolysis electrode 6 is elongated silver electrode, it is symmetrically distributed in axis bottom cleaning sink Both sides.It is silver nanostructured that preferred silver electrolysis electrode top is distributed arborization, have special sharp edges or tip, Nano level node and bigger specific surface area, and have and irregularly grow the hierarchical structure spread, this construction features makes Silver electrolysis electrode can contact more fully with rinse water.When silver electrolysis electrode is energized, water occurs electrolysis to produce a large amount of ultra micros Bubble, has bubble hydrogen also to have oxygen bubbles;High voltage can be assembled, at water body in the silver nanostructured sharp-pointed edge of dendroid or tip Middle electric discharge, induction water plasma produces, and significantly reduces the initial voltage exciting plasma reaction, and energy consumption is low.Deng Gas ions generated the various oxidation factor such as hydroxyl radical free radical last time at the contact surface of gas-liquid two-phase, and bubble hydrogen and the local of oxygen bubbles Electric discharge further increases the growing amount of oxidation factor, and the generation of oxidation factor is the most, residual pesticide and harmful chemical in water Degraded, microbial disinfection effect the best, further increase the wash degree of fruit and vegerable.
The preparation method that described top is distributed the silver nanostructured silver electrolysis electrode of arborization is as follows: use output electricity The DC source of pressure and output controlled current flow controls instrument as electro-deposition, using the platinum filament of diameter 1mm as auxiliary electrode, full With calomel electrode as reference electrode, the silver wire of diameter 1mm is inserted silver nitrate that concentration is 1-10mmol/L and concentration is In the dodecyl sodium sulfate mixed aqueous solution of 0.05-0.5g/L, under room temperature, under-0.8V~0.8V running voltage, carry out permanent electricity Position electro-deposition, sedimentation time 300-1200s.Electro-deposition uses dehydrated alcohol and the above-mentioned silver wire of deionized water wash after completing, and uses Nitrogen dries up, and prepares top by control sedimentation potential and silver electrolysis electrode that arborization silver nanostructured is distributed.
Described water quality monitoring electrode 10 is placed in cleaning sink bottom, near bottom, by the control of circuit connecting box external body Panel, it is possible to the concentration change situation of residual pesticide in monitoring water body in real time, Monitoring Data is by corresponding color on control panel Display lamp presents, and call user's attention fruit and vegerable clean state.The operation principle of water quality monitoring electrode is: meeting after organic agricultural chemicals degraded Produce phosphoric acid and alcohols, phosphoric acid or phosphate and generate phosphato-molybdic heteropolyacid with ammonium molybdate reaction, under aminoacid reduces, be changed into blueness Complex, it is light blue for making sample.The potential change signal produced at water quality monitoring electrode surface by measuring chemical reaction can obtain The concentration change situation of residual pesticide in water-outlet body, red expression residual pesticide level is higher, and yellow represents medium, green expression Fruit and vegerable safety.Cleaning dress in the present embodiment centers water quality monitoring electrode, can monitor the concentration of residual pesticide in water body in real time Level, and clean result is presented to user by display lamp, it is effectively increased Consumer's Experience.
Described underwater lamp 5 is positioned at bottom cleaning sink, starts with the work of aerating shower nozzle simultaneously, according to the difference of article-cleaning type, Described underwater lamp is the LED underwater lamp of color changeable, can build the fountain view of different color, meet users ' individualized requirement.
Described cleaning sink is interior, be arranged over the porous barrier of surface-coated visible light catalyst at aerating shower nozzle and underwater lamp, uses In placing the fruit and vegerable needing to clean or dishes etc.;Described photocatalyst is BiOI, CdS, doping type TiO2、WO3Or it is multiple Mould assembly visible-light photocatalyst.Underwater lamp irradiate under, the photocatalyst of porous barrier surface-coated can produce hydroxyl radical free radical, The oxygen activity groups such as superoxide radical, rapid deteriorating pesticide residue and other harmful chemicals.
The present embodiment can also arrange aerator at bottom of gullet, and described aerator includes air inlet pipe and gas spout, from Described air inlet pipe is passed through air or oxygen, discharges from gas spout, be mixed to form gas-vapor mix body with the rinse water in tank, Fruit and vegetable surfaces is formed cavitation, promotes the dirt rapid deterioration on fruit and vegerable.
The present embodiment cleans and also is adapted on the porous barrier in device placing dishes, vertically hanging small clothes, and fountain type rises Gas-vapor mix body does not results in medicated clothing fold, and therefore the cleaning device of the present embodiment also can be done washing as dish-washing machine or corrugationless medicated clothing Machine uses.
Described cleaning sink is metal material, and preferred version is aluminium alloy, is processed its surface by anode oxidation process, Form hydrophobic surface, be conducive to strengthening its decay resistance, and be readily cleaned.
The operational approach cleaning device of the present embodiment is:
1) article that will clean put into cleaning sink, are placed on porous barrier;Open water inlet pipe faucet, switch on power, Clean device startup self-detection.
2) according to cleaning task quantity, it is carried out on the control panel setting, the content such as scavenging period and pattern can be carried out Set.
3) by " beginning " button, drip washing water pump and fountain head are started working, and imposing a condition according to cleaning carries out drip washing to article, After water in cleaning sink reaches the inflow automatically controlled by system program, drip washing water pump and fountain head are automatically stopped work.
4) quitting work simultaneously at drip washing water pump and fountain head, interior water circulating pump and aerating shower nozzle are started working, water bottom LED lamp Open with electrolysis electrode simultaneously, article are carried out, and to residual pesticide and be harmful to by photocatalysis and electrolysis Chemical substance is degraded.
5) synchronize with step 4, water quality monitoring electrode works, and detects the residual pesticide concentration in water body in real time, is surveyed Data result is shown by the display lamp of different colours, and red expression residual pesticide level is higher, and yellow represents medium, green table Show fruit and vegerable safety.
6) when water quality monitoring electrode output " safety " instruction, interior water circulating pump and aerating shower nozzle quit work, and sewage draining exit is beaten Open, clean waste water and discharge through discharge outlet.
7), after cleaning waste water emptying, drip washing water pump and fountain head are started working, and the fruit and vegerable on dividing plate carry out the several seconds to tens of seconds Drip washing, remove further fruit and vegetable surfaces residual waste water, drip washing water pump and fountain head quit work subsequently.Clean device and send number Second buzzing, prompting cleaning completes.
Above example is only several in the several preferred implementation of the present invention, it is noted that the invention is not restricted to above-mentioned Embodiment;For the person of ordinary skill of the art, still the technical scheme described in previous embodiment can be repaiied Change, or wherein portion of techniques feature is carried out equivalent;And these amendments or replacement, do not make the basis of appropriate technical solution Matter departs from the spirit and scope of claimed technical solution of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. one kind is cleaned device, it is characterised in that
Including casing, it is used for supporting whole cleaning device;
Tank, is positioned at box house, forms cavity between side and bottom surface and the casing of described tank, and described tank is as clearly Wash container, be used for holding article to be cleaned and water for cleaning;
Multiple aerating shower nozzles, are distributed on the bottom surface of tank, described aerating shower nozzle ejection gas-vapor mix body, are used for strengthening cleaning Effect;
Interior water circulating pump, in the cavity between bottom of gullet and casing, the water inlet connection water channel of described interior water circulating pump, Outlet connects aerating shower nozzle respectively, for the rinse water in tank being assigned in each aerating shower nozzle, it is achieved the water in tank Recycle;
Porous barrier, is positioned at the top of tank aerating shower nozzle, places article to be cleaned on described porous barrier;
Sewage draining exit, is positioned at bottom of gullet, for being discharged by the cleaning waste water in tank.
A kind of cleaning device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include organizing fountain head more, be positioned at described tank On the sidewall at top, the water inlet of described fountain head connects the outlet of drip washing water pump, and the water inlet of described drip washing water pump is even Connecing the water inlet pipe outside casing, described drip washing water pump is positioned at the cavity below tank.
The most according to claim 2 a kind of clean device, it is characterised in that described fountain head is shower nozzle of twitching one's mouth, described in twitch one's mouth Shower nozzle includes bottom attached portion two, globe joint two and the outlet of twitching one's mouth being sequentially connected with, the dismountable company of described bottom attached portion It is connected on the sidewall of described tank, and is connected with drip washing pump outlet;Described globe joint can be in level-vertical 90 ° of scopes In and level tilt and rotate in the range of 15 °.
A kind of cleaning device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include multiple electrolysis electrode, be symmetrically distributed in The both sides of described bottom of gullet axis, described electrolysis electrode is elongated silver electrode, and silver electrolysis electrode top is distributed tree Dendritic classification is silver nanostructured.
A kind of cleaning device the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described top is distributed arborization silver nanoparticle The preparation method of the silver electrolysis electrode of structure is: use the DC source of output voltage and output controlled current flow as electro-deposition control Instrument processed, using the platinum filament of diameter 1-2mm as auxiliary electrode, saturated calomel electrode is as reference electrode, by diameter 1-2mm Silver wire insert the silver nitrate that concentration is 1-10mmol/L and the dodecyl sodium sulfate that concentration is 0.05-0.5g/L mixing water-soluble In liquid, under room temperature, under-0.8V-0.8V running voltage, carry out constant potential electro-deposition, sedimentation time 300-1200s;Electricity is heavy By dehydrated alcohol and the above-mentioned silver wire of deionized water wash after having amassed, and dry up with nitrogen.
A kind of cleaning device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include water quality monitoring electrode, be positioned at described water Groove is on the sidewall of bottom, and described water quality monitoring electrode passes through the control panel of circuit connecting box external body.
A kind of cleaning device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that coat photocatalyst on described porous barrier;Institute State bottom of gullet and be provided with the underwater lamp promoting light-catalyzed reaction.
A kind of cleaning device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described tank uses surface to carry out at anodic oxidation The aluminum alloy material of reason.
9. according to a kind of cleaning device described in any one of claim 1-8, it is characterised in that described aerating shower nozzle includes that bottom connects First, globe joint one, the water stream channel with air-vent, outlet, the overcoat of parcel water stream channel, described bottom connects First removably connect with cleaning sink, and be connected with the outlet of interior water circulating pump by water pipe, described globe joint one time End be connected first connection with bottom, upper end is connected with water stream channel, described globe joint can around centerline axis to 10-30 ° of rotation, Described overcoat removably connects with water stream channel, and diameter and the height adjustable of described overcoat change.
10. the operational approach cleaning device, it is characterised in that step is:
1) article to be cleaned are put into cleaning sink, be placed on porous barrier;Open water inlet pipe, switch on power, startup self-detection;
2) according to cleaning quantity, it is carried out on the control panel setting;
3) by starting button, drip washing water pump and fountain head are started working, and first treat article-cleaning and carry out drip washing, and make cleaning In tank, the water yield reaches aerating shower nozzle work institute water requirement, and drip washing water pump and fountain head quit work;
4) while drip washing water pump and fountain head quit work, interior water circulating pump and aerating shower nozzle are started working, underwater lamp and Electrolysis electrode is opened simultaneously, is carried out article, and passes through photocatalysis and electrolysis to residual pesticide and harmful Learn material to degrade;
5) with step 4) Tong Bu, water quality monitoring electrode works, and detects the residual pesticide concentration in water body in real time, institute Survey data result to be shown by the display lamp of different colours;
6) when water quality monitoring electrode output " safety " instruction, interior water circulating pump and aerating shower nozzle quit work, and sewage draining exit is beaten Open, discharge and clean waste water;
7) drip washing water pump and fountain head are started working, and the article on dividing plate carry out the drip washing of 1-100s, removes article further Remained on surface waste water, drip washing water pump and fountain head quit work subsequently, and cleaning completes.
CN201610194920.0A 2016-03-31 2016-03-31 Washing device and operation method Pending CN105831778A (en)

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CN106418599A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-02-22 内蒙古工业大学 Potato cleaning device
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CN107095323A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-08-29 成都森洁商贸有限公司 Blueberry purging system with anti-dewaxing function
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CN107823678A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-03-23 北京健租宝科技有限公司 A kind of daily sterilization of instruments management control system and control method
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CN108618660A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-09 京东方科技集团股份有限公司 A kind of cleaning device and its cleaning method
CN108652545A (en) * 2017-03-30 2018-10-16 李亚锐 A kind of dish-washing machine, electric cooker and combinations thereof
CN108835672A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-11-20 黄章溪 A kind of fruits and vegetables cleaning equipment of water conservation
CN108936749A (en) * 2018-09-26 2018-12-07 青岛鲜食科技有限公司 The fresh food cleaning machine of food service industry high-efficiency sanitary environmental protection
CN109043595A (en) * 2018-09-26 2018-12-21 青岛鲜食科技有限公司 It eats cleaning machine raw and cleans conveying device with sudden and violent gas
CN109198683A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-01-15 吴银洪 A kind of agricultural tuber and tuberous rooted vegetables cleaning equipment
CN109394024A (en) * 2017-08-18 2019-03-01 宁波方太厨具有限公司 A kind of cleaning machine
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CN116268445A (en) * 2023-03-31 2023-06-23 广州洗菜菜厨房设备有限公司 Fruit and vegetable cleaning and purifying machine adopting water hydroxyl technology

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CN107763834A (en) * 2016-08-19 2018-03-06 青岛海尔智能技术研发有限公司 A kind of bathtub
CN107763834B (en) * 2016-08-19 2020-11-06 青岛海尔智能技术研发有限公司 A kind of bathtub
CN106418375A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-22 贵州旭阳食品(集团)有限公司 Spraying device for salted pepper
CN106418599A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-02-22 内蒙古工业大学 Potato cleaning device
CN106418599B (en) * 2016-12-06 2019-08-16 内蒙古工业大学 A kind of potato cleaning device
CN107051006A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-08-18 北京京海宇通科技发展有限公司 Cleaning machine and cleaning method
CN108652545A (en) * 2017-03-30 2018-10-16 李亚锐 A kind of dish-washing machine, electric cooker and combinations thereof
CN108652545B (en) * 2017-03-30 2021-04-30 李亚锐 Dish washing machine, electric rice cooker and combination thereof
CN107095323A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-08-29 成都森洁商贸有限公司 Blueberry purging system with anti-dewaxing function
CN109394024A (en) * 2017-08-18 2019-03-01 宁波方太厨具有限公司 A kind of cleaning machine
CN109394024B (en) * 2017-08-18 2024-01-16 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Cleaning machine
CN107823678A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-03-23 北京健租宝科技有限公司 A kind of daily sterilization of instruments management control system and control method
CN108175348A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-06-19 浙江欧琳生活健康科技有限公司 A kind of high-pressure gas-liquid mixing, washing sink
CN108433122A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-08-24 科勒(中国)投资有限公司 A kind of cleaning device and the things system with the device
CN108523798B (en) * 2018-04-12 2021-10-15 广东美的厨房电器制造有限公司 A shower nozzle, shower nozzle subassembly, waterway system and dish washer for dish washer
CN108523798A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-09-14 广东美的厨房电器制造有限公司 For the nozzle of dish-washing machine, nozzle component, water circuit system and dish-washing machine
CN108618660A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-09 京东方科技集团股份有限公司 A kind of cleaning device and its cleaning method
CN108835672A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-11-20 黄章溪 A kind of fruits and vegetables cleaning equipment of water conservation
CN108936749B (en) * 2018-09-26 2024-02-06 青岛鲜食科技有限公司 Efficient, sanitary and environment-friendly fresh food cleaning machine for food industry
CN109043595A (en) * 2018-09-26 2018-12-21 青岛鲜食科技有限公司 It eats cleaning machine raw and cleans conveying device with sudden and violent gas
CN108936749A (en) * 2018-09-26 2018-12-07 青岛鲜食科技有限公司 The fresh food cleaning machine of food service industry high-efficiency sanitary environmental protection
CN109198683A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-01-15 吴银洪 A kind of agricultural tuber and tuberous rooted vegetables cleaning equipment
CN109984704A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-07-09 辽宁大学 Energy-saving magnetic force Hydrodynamic cavitation dish-washing machine
CN110477416A (en) * 2019-09-05 2019-11-22 北京大学 A kind of ultrasound plasma microvesicle pesticide residue cleaning machine and its cleaning method
WO2021093404A1 (en) * 2019-11-14 2021-05-20 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Dish washing device and dish washing method
CN111088632A (en) * 2020-01-07 2020-05-01 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Washing equipment and control method and washing method thereof
CN111088633A (en) * 2020-01-07 2020-05-01 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Washing chamber with spray washing mode
CN111850968B (en) * 2020-07-23 2023-06-16 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Washing equipment and control method thereof
CN114680350A (en) * 2020-12-31 2022-07-01 广东美的白色家电技术创新中心有限公司 Cleaning device
CN114680349A (en) * 2020-12-31 2022-07-01 广东美的白色家电技术创新中心有限公司 Cleaning device
CN114680348A (en) * 2020-12-31 2022-07-01 广东美的白色家电技术创新中心有限公司 Cleaning device
CN114680348B (en) * 2020-12-31 2023-11-03 广东美的白色家电技术创新中心有限公司 Cleaning device
CN113068851A (en) * 2021-04-09 2021-07-06 彭书利 A belt cleaning device for grape
CN114128902A (en) * 2021-10-08 2022-03-04 舒城圣桂食品有限公司 Intelligent disinfection system and disinfection method for semi-finished wild vegetable products
CN114128902B (en) * 2021-10-08 2022-11-29 舒城圣桂食品有限公司 Intelligent disinfection system and disinfection method for semi-finished wild vegetable products
CN116268445A (en) * 2023-03-31 2023-06-23 广州洗菜菜厨房设备有限公司 Fruit and vegetable cleaning and purifying machine adopting water hydroxyl technology

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