CN100352381C - Water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method and device - Google Patents

Water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100352381C
CN100352381C CNB2005101065428A CN200510106542A CN100352381C CN 100352381 C CN100352381 C CN 100352381C CN B2005101065428 A CNB2005101065428 A CN B2005101065428A CN 200510106542 A CN200510106542 A CN 200510106542A CN 100352381 C CN100352381 C CN 100352381C
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water
vegetables
fruits
washing
dish basket
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CN1820661A (en
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王静华
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RUIHONG HEALTH ELECTRIC APPLICANCE CO Ltd GUANGZHOU
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a water-saving method for washing and sterilizing vegetables and fruits and a device thereof. A medium water level is adopted in the cleaning process, and spray washing is combined with water flow rolling cleaning. The bottom of a cleaning groove is provided with a backflow drainage outlet, a drainage pipe with a drainage valve, and a plurality of water spray holes, the bottom center of the cleaning groove is provided with a porous water spray axis column, a few rows of water spray holes are arranged in the side wall of the cleaning groove, and a side wall which is adjacent to the bottom is provided with a backflow water inlet. A water inlet of a backflow water pump is connected with the backflow drainage outlet, and a water outlet of the backflow water pump is connected with the backflow water inlet. A water inlet of a backflow water spray pump is connected with the backflow drainage outlet, a water outlet of the backflow water spray pump is connected with the bottom water spray holes, the side-wall water spray holes and the porous water spray axis column. When vegetables and fruits are cleaned, the backflow water pump is started, and a vegetable basket rotates along water flow directions; then, the center porous water spray axis column and a water spray outlet of the cleaning groove spray water flow and ozone bubbles for cleaning vegetables and fruits, a water level controller is used for setting different water levels, and water inflow, dehydration, water drainage and waste exhaust are carried out. The purpose of water-saving cleaning is achieved, and the defects of manual vegetable cleaning are overcome.

Description

Water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method and device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of disinfecting cleaning method and apparatus, refer in particular to a kind of water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method and equipment.
Background technology
People generally all are to carry out with manual type to the cleaning of vegetables and fruits, and one between the vegetables blade or fruit surface, and the supracutaneous earth of especially coarse vegetables and fruits, impurity etc. are difficult to clean up; Two are attached on the leaf or the residual toxicity of fruit surface can't be decomposed removal especially, and human long this ediblely contains the residual toxicity vegetables and fruits, and weight person has toxic reaction immediately, and the lighter then causes slow poisoning, corrodes health gradually, very harmful well imagining.Moreover certain areas run into cold snap, water electrode is ice-cold, clean the many inconvenience of vegetables, therefore because human because of when negative effect that development in science and technology caused makes that human beings'health is endured threat to the fullest extent, actively research and develop a kind of science and technology degrading pesticide residual hazard, sterilization, the vegetables and fruits disinfecting cleaning device of cleaning, allow vegetables and fruits pass through after the cleaning and immersion of this product, thoroughly clean up and the degrading pesticide residual hazard, make it the injury of human body is removed fully, and vegetables and fruits itself had fresh-keeping effect, inconvenience and not enough shortcoming when thoroughly improving mankind's cleaning vegetables and fruits safeguard that human health has greatest benefiting in fact.
Existing vegetable and fruit washing can be divided into continous way and batch (-type) by workflow, and continous way mainly is to utilize conveyer belt, perhaps utilizes the rotation of tilting cylinder to cause being washed moving ahead gradually of article, and this class device generally is used for a large amount of productions of serialization.General family uses and is batch (-type), batch (-type) fruit thinning rinsing maching is divided into scrubbing with current according to washing principle and washs, described scrubbing, usually be used in the surface harder fruit or vegetables, for example apple, potato etc., what most fruit thinning rinsing machings adopted is the current mode of washing, comprising water spray washing and current washing.
The water spray mode of washing example as:
The patent No. 200320103005, name is called the vegetable and fruit garment cleaners and it is characterized in that: urceolus loam cake inboard is equipped with ultraviolet lamp, by the pin deck inner core with some through holes is arranged on the wall on the rotating disk, the inner core upper end is built-in with the ring pipe with some holes, ring pipe communicates with water pump by the pipe in the rotating disk axis hole, the inner core upper end is equipped with the carrying handle of termination band transfer ear, and transfer ear links to each other by the lock pin of rope with the band spring.These facility have characteristics multi-functional and that utilization ratio is high.The porous ring pipe of bucket upper end was realized water by the porous ring pipe that pumps into top down in water pump of the present invention was communicated in by the pipe in the rotating disk axis hole, again by the aerial flushing of the ejection downwards vegetables and fruits of ring pipe.
The patent No. 200420040377, name is called pump ability of swimming vegetable and fruit washing and disinfecting machine, it comprises casing, motor, transmission mechanism, be provided with washing cavities, following device cavity in the casing, it is characterized in that: also be provided with water pump in the casing, the water pump import is communicated with washing cavities, and exit of pump is communicated with at least more than one water channel, and the outlet of above-mentioned water channel is located at washing cavities top.By adding water pump, produce the pump pressure current, current from bottom to top are pumped in water channel in washing basket or the washing cavities, form the waterfall current, thereby produce three-dimensional composite rotating current, current form vortex water flow in washing cavities or washing basket, fruit and vegetable are effectively washed, and cleaning performance significantly improves.
The patent No. 200420040376, name is called the vegetable and fruit washing and disinfecting machine, it comprises casing, motor, transmission mechanism, be provided with washing cavities in the casing, be provided with the washing basket in the washing cavities, the washing basket is inserted in the rotating shaft of transmission mechanism by the hole of its bottom, it is characterized in that: be provided with the impeller that stirs current between washing cavities bottom surface and washing basket bottom surface, above-mentioned impeller is contained in the rotating shaft.On the basis of washing the dish sterilizing machine originally, installed impeller additional, during washing, impeller is followed at a high speed, and rotation produces the pump pressure current, current from bottom to top are pumped in water channel in the washing basket, form the waterfall current, thereby produce three-dimensional compound current, especially the silt to the vegetables root has tangible developing result, and cleaning performance significantly improves.
In the current described in family expenses fruits and vegetables rinsing maching washings mainly is by rotating washing dish basket under water, make to be contained in the method that the fruits and vegetables in the dish basket are cleaned, and the type of drive of dish basket has manual, electronic and hydro powered.For example:
The patent No. is 03270241, and name is called vegetable washer, is a kind of vegetable washer with motor-driven dish basket.
The patent No. is 97211504, and name is called the vegetable washer that the processor for fruits and vegetable with washing function is a kind of manual rotation dish basket.
200410029835 of the patent No.s are called dredges the vegetables and fruits cleaning machine that the dish fruit washer provides a kind of hydro powered dish basket.It includes shell body, loam cake, inner core, vegetable basket, draining valve, its technical essential is: the medial cradle of shell is provided with an inner core, in inner core, be provided with the vegetable basket of a band limbers, bottom at vegetable basket is distributed with pump blade, also is set with a rotary power output shaft at vegetable basket bottom centre position; At least be provided with a vertical and outside recessed open channel on inner core, the top of this water channel also is connected with one makes water return the water spout of vegetable basket.Prototype experiment of the present invention, it is very desirable to wash dish, sterilization, drying functional effect, make vegetable and fruit clean original fresh and tender constant in back, avoided manual rubbing to wash the damage that the vegetable and fruit surface is caused, also removed in addition and be engaged in cleaning person's busy labor, and the harmful effect that is immersed in water for a long time of hand skin.Have simultaneously rational in infrastructure, easy to operate, time saving and energy saving, environmentally-friendly sanitary, long service life, characteristics such as applied range.
Above-mentioned various fruits and vegetables rinsing maching and the ubiquitous problem of mode of washing be,
1, water wasting water flow mode is particularly whenever washed once, and all requirement will be washed vegetables and fruits and be immersed in the washings, after washing after a while water is discharged, and the water that reinjects is to flooding the height of being washed vegetables and fruits, so repeatedly washing.For example a washing tube internal diameter is 50cm, and height is the vegetable and fruit washing machine of 50cm, the height of each water that injects be washing tube high 2/3, then each water consumption is about 0.13M 3, calculate to give a baby a bath on the third day after its birth time, then whenever wash one and plant vegetables and need water 0.39M 3, the water that is used to wash dish and fruit for a 3-4 mouth people's family every day is at least 1M 3Today using water wisely more and more poor in world's water resource is the major issue that concern descendants, so how a kind of fruit-vegetable cleaner of water-saving is provided is one of target of pursuing of the industry.
2, for water spray mode fruits and vegetables rinsing maching, existing for the cleaning difference of washing vegetables and fruits with the quilt of outer surface in inside, how to reduce inside and outside difference, shorten scavenging period, improve cleaning efficiency, also is the major issue that needs solution.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to above-mentioned deficiency, the high-efficiency water-saving formula vegetable and fruit washing method of a kind of degrading pesticide residual hazard, sterilization, cleaning is provided and realizes the vegetable and fruit washing device of this method at prior art.
Realize that technical scheme of the present invention is as follows.A kind of water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method, to be washed vegetables and fruits to put into the washing dish basket of vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device and clean, and described washing dish basket turns round around central shaft, it is characterized in that, its cleaning process adopts middle water level, clean and to combine with the revolution of rolling of jet douche and current, described jet douche is multi-faceted multi-angle from the center of being washed the vegetables and fruits heap, all around to being washed that vegetables and fruits wash and in conjunction with the revolution of being washed vegetables and fruits.
Described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method is characterized in that, described middle water level is to reach just to make to be washed the water level that vegetables and fruits float; The revolution of rolling of described current is to adopt around the current of washing dish basket central shaft rotation and making of forming in conjunction with the high-pressure injection backwater stream that is made progress by the bottom to be washed the vegetables and fruits revolution of rolling, and described washing dish basket is to adopt the high pressure backwater to flow the method that impulse washs dish basket bottom blade to realize around the central shaft revolution.
Described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method, it is characterized in that, before carrying out cleaning process, be provided with low water level jet douche step, described low water level is the water level that water level is lower than washing dish basket bottom, make the rotation of dish basket with high pressure backwater stream impulse washing dish basket bottom blade, with high-pressure injection backwater stream vegetables and fruits are carried out jet douche from basketry bottom, center and side simultaneously.
Described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method, it is characterized in that, described cleaning process, also further be included in the revolution of rolling of middle water level jet douche and current and be provided with that high water level soaks, the rotary current that rolls embathes step after the cleaning step, described high water level is that water level surpasses the height of being washed vegetables and fruits vegetables and fruits are flown in the water, forms the rotary current that rolls with high pressure backwater stream and high-pressure injection backwater stream the vegetables and fruits immersion is rolled.
Described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method, it is characterized in that, after cleaning process, be provided with the spray irrigation step, described spray irrigation step is under the low water level condition, when making the rotation of dish basket with high pressure backwater stream impulse washing dish basket bottom blade, make water intaking valve open, the running water of cleaning is sprayed vegetables and fruits from top to bottom.
Described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method is characterized in that, the pressure of described high pressure backwater stream or high-pressure injection backwater stream is adjusted according to the kind that is cleaned vegetables and fruits.
Described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method is characterized in that, is added with ozone in high-pressure injection backwater stream.
A kind of water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device of implementing the described method of claim comprises loam cake, housing and is located at base below the housing; Be provided with rinse bath in the housing, be provided with rotating dish basket in the groove, be provided with ozone generator and water pump in the base, be provided with water level controller in the rinse bath side; It is characterized in that:
Described bottom of rinse bath is provided with the backflow discharge outlet, is provided with drainpipe and a plurality of hole for water spraying of drain solenoid valve, and bottom centre is provided with the porous water-spraying jack-post, and sidewall is provided with many row's hole for water sprayings, also is provided with the recirculation water inlet near the sidewall of bottom;
One backflow water pump, its water inlet connect described backflow discharge outlet, and its delivery port connects described recirculation water inlet;
One jet water pump, its water inlet connect described backflow discharge outlet, and its delivery port connects described a plurality of bottoms hole for water spraying, arranges sidewall hole for water spraying and porous water-spraying jack-post more.
Described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device, it is characterized in that, described bottom of rinse bath is the annular groove of middle part projection, annular groove is provided with screen pack, described center porous water-spraying jack-post is located at described annular groove middle part high spot, a plurality of hole for water sprayings in described bottom be located at annular groove and middle part projection around.
Described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device is characterized in that, described water level controller is a tubular type magnetic float water level controller, which is provided with high, medium and low three level sensor coils.
Described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device is characterized in that, described dish basket is hubbed on the porous water-spraying jack-post of described rinse bath center, is provided with reflux blade along circumference at the bottom of dish basket basket, this reflux blade subtend recirculation water inlet.
Described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device, it is characterized in that: described center porous water-spraying jack-post has a water spray axle base, water spray axle base is fixed in the bottom of rinse bath center, and center porous water-spraying jack-post extends the bottom land below by water spray axle base and forms water inlet; The upper end of center porous water-spraying jack-post is a bullet, and cylinder is a hollow design from bottom to top, and the top is not run through, and the below water inlet is connected water inlet pipe; On the cylinder face, from top to bottom helical arrangement circular hole and/or flat hole.
Described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device is characterized in that: a plurality of hole for water sprayings of the described sidewall of being located at rinse bath and bottom land are the circular and/or flat holes of different angles.
Described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device is characterized in that: described dish basket is netted cylindrical structure, and from top to bottom the spaced flat horizontal stripe of multi-turn and several vertical bar are formed by multi-turn; The netted lid that dish basket lid is made up of a plurality of vertical sheet disc and ring, its inner surface is the arc of central dip; Dish basket and dish basket lid joint are provided with device for clamping.
Described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device is characterized in that: the CD-ROM drive motor of described backflow water pump and bath water pump is a variable speed driver.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1. use high low water level controller, adopt computer control, according to different cleaning steps, carry out high, medium and low water level jet douche, spray roll current flushing, immersion and spray irrigation, and advance the process of water, dehydration, draining, blowdown according to setting program, can reach the purpose of raising the efficiency, economizing on water and cleaning.
2. using high, medium and low water level when the flushing vegetables and fruits washes, when low water level starts reflux, the dish basket rotates, center porous water-spraying jack-post and clean cell wall, bottom land sprays powerful water column and ozone washes away vegetables and fruits, because of water level is lower than under the dish basket, water column ejection is not subjected to resistance, but has not only saved water but also strong flushing vegetables and fruits.
The current ozone bubbles can be accomplished the function of degrading sterilization and cleaning when 3. high water level reflux to clean.
4. a kind of particular design puts vegetables and fruits dish basket, the Applied Physics principle, central column withstands the center balance groove of dish basket lid, the design of dish basket bottom periphery has multiple reflux blade, the strength that produces when water column impacts blade is rotated the dish basket, reach current flushing vegetables and fruits, mud on the vegetables and fruits and impurity are rinsed out
5. adopt the most advanced and sophisticated single-point friction of lower resistance, reduce to turn round torsion,, impel the rotation of dish basket to produce centrifugal force vegetables and fruits are made processed with this special low-frictional force device.
6. when starting reflux, ozone gas is along with water impact is soluble in water, carries out disinfection and removes the residual toxicity on vegetables and fruits surface.
7. when cold snap, vegetables and fruits are because washing is very inconvenient, and this product can improve its inconvenient shortcoming fully, and the liberation both hands are easily washed dish.
8. this product is for highly using the scientific and technological product of physical principle, water and electric saving, Practical Benefit height.
9. the arcs of recesses design of dish basket lid can be immersed in the water vegetables and fruits of come-up when cleaning fully, reaches complete cleaning and degrading pesticide residual hazard.
In sum, the present invention is the good vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing machine of the practical economic worth of a tool height, improves the defective that hand washing inconvenience and existing washer are present in technical deficiency fully.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a washing methods flow chart of the present invention.
The three-dimensional exploded view of Fig. 2 the present invention creation.
The combination generalized section of Fig. 3 the present invention creation.
The specific embodiment
Fig. 1 is a washing methods flow chart of the present invention.Comprising: low water level jet douche, middle water level jet douche in conjunction with current roll that revolution is cleaned, high water level soaks the rotary current that rolls and embathes and spray clean each step.Succession partly be selected or be adjusted to each step of above-mentioned washing methods can for use according to the kind of being washed vegetables and fruits, dirt degree in concrete the application.
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of high-efficiency water-saving vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method, it mainly is to adopt the middle water level that is lower than general vegetables and fruits cleaning water level to clean, and adopt jet douche to clean the method that combines with current, in order to improve cleaning efficiency, make all be washed current and the injection that vegetables and fruits obtain equal chance, the special cleaning method that proposes a kind of rotary current that rolls is implemented to the purpose that the high-efficiency water-saving jet douche combines with the current cleaning thereby reach.
Middle water level of the present invention is to reach just to make to be washed the water level that vegetables and fruits float; Washed that vegetables and fruits obtain equal chance and by high efficiency, high-speed cleaning for making all, described jet douche is multi-faceted, multi-angle from the center of being washed the vegetables and fruits heap, is washed washing vegetables and fruits all around, and in conjunction with the revolution of being washed vegetables and fruits, described revolution of being washed vegetables and fruits is by to recirculation water pressurization, and specialized designs realizes the impact of blade in the recirculation water inlet of the blade of dish basket bottom via being right against; The revolution of rolling of described current is to adopt around the current of washing dish basket central shaft rotation and making of forming in conjunction with the high-pressure injection backwater stream that is made progress by the bottom to be washed the vegetables and fruits rotating current that roll,
Method of the present invention, before carrying out cleaning step, also can be provided with low water level jet douche step, for further using water wisely, employing is lower than the water level of washing dish basket bottom, make the rotation of dish basket with high pressure backwater stream impulse washing dish basket bottom blade, with high-pressure injection backwater stream vegetables and fruits are carried out jet douche from basketry bottom, center and side simultaneously.Its objective is the silt that washes out attached on the vegetables and fruits.Especially for potato, sweet potato, radish, carrot and the leafy vegetable of picture with more earth.
In described cleaning process, also further be included in the revolution of rolling of middle water level jet douche and current and be provided with that high water level soaks, the rotary current that rolls embathes step after the cleaning step, described high water level is that water level surpasses the height of being washed vegetables and fruits all vegetables and fruits are flown in the water, forms the rotary current that rolls with high pressure backwater stream and high-pressure injection backwater stream the vegetables and fruits immersion is rolled further the dirt on vegetables and fruits surface is washed.
After cleaning process, also can be provided with the spray irrigation step, described spray irrigation step is under the low water level condition, washing dish basket bottom blade with high pressure backwater stream impulse, when making the rotation of dish basket, make water intaking valve open, the running water of cleaning is from up to down sprayed vegetables and fruits by the water inlet nozzle.Described water inlet nozzle can be designed to flat-horn shaped, makes the water of ejection become fan-shaped, to strengthen spray area, raises the efficiency.
In above-mentioned high-pressure injection backwater stream, also can add ozone.Working is, one, the ozone function that can accomplish to degrade sterilization and clean itself; Two, the form with minute bubbles in pipeline of the ozone in the water under high pressure exists, in case enter sink, hydraulic pressure reduces, and minute bubbles increase rapidly and explosion, helps being washed the removal of vegetables and fruits surface thing dirt.
The pressure of described high pressure backwater stream and high-pressure injection backwater stream is adjusted according to the kind that is cleaned vegetables and fruits.
Fig. 2, the 3rd, as seen the three-dimensional exploded view of water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device provided by the present invention and cutaway view have figure, and vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device of the present invention comprises loam cake 01, housing 04 and base 05; Be provided with rinse bath 03 in the housing 04, be provided with dish basket 23 in the rinse bath 03, be provided with ozone generator 06 and water pump (comprising backflow water pump 08 and bath water pump 09) in the base 05, be provided with water level controller 13 at the bottom of the rinse bath and between the housing double wall.This rinse bath 03 bottom is the annular groove 19 of middle part projection, be provided with screen pack in annular groove 19, backflow discharge outlet 18 is arranged at the bottom of the groove, rinse bath 03 bottom is provided with the bottom hole for water spraying 20 of a plurality of angles, the rinse bath periphery is provided with the peripheral hole for water spraying 21 of a plurality of angles, and the center upwards is provided with center porous water-spraying jack-post 22 at the bottom of the rinse bath.Described center porous water-spraying jack-post is located at described annular groove middle part high spot, described a plurality of bottoms hole for water spraying be located at annular groove and middle part projection around.Be provided with recirculation water inlet 17 at the bottom of the rinse bath sidewall, there is running water water inlet 15 the rinse bath upper edge, and described running water water inlet 15 connects flat trumpet-shaped running water spray nozzle, makes the water of ejection become fan-shaped, to strengthen spray area, raises the efficiency.Be provided with ozone generating-device 06, air pump 07, bath water pump 09, backflow water pump 08, supply and drain water system 10, drain solenoid valve 11, sewage pipe 12 etc. in this base 05.The water inlet of described backflow water pump 08 connects the backflow discharge outlet 18 of rinse bath 03, and the delivery port of backflow water pump 08 connects the recirculation water inlet 17 of rinse bath; The water inlet of described bath water pump 09 connects the backflow discharge outlet 18 of rinse bath, and the delivery port of bath water pump 09 connects the center porous water-spraying jack-post 22 of rinse bath 03 and the water jet of bottom of rinse bath and sidewall.
Described center porous water-spraying jack-post 22 has a water spray axle base, and water spray axle base is fixed in rinse bath 03 bottom centre place, and center porous water-spraying jack-post extends the bottom land below by water spray axle base and forms water inlet; The upper end of center porous water-spraying jack-post is a bullet, and cylinder is a hollow design from bottom to top, and the top is not run through, and the below water inlet is connected water inlet pipe; On the cylinder face, from top to bottom helical arrangement circular hole and/or flat hole.A plurality of hole for water sprayings of the described sidewall of being located at rinse bath and bottom land are the circular and/or flat holes of different angles.
Be provided with water level controller 13, water intaking valve 14 in this casing 04.Described water level controller 13 is tubular type magnetic float water level controllers, which is provided with high, medium and low three level sensor coils, controls high, medium and low three kinds of working water levels as required.
Described dish basket 23 is hubbed on the described rinse bath center porous water-spraying jack-post 22, is provided with reflux blade 24 along circumference at the bottom of 23 baskets of dish baskets, this reflux blade 24 subtend recirculation waters inlet 17.When this dish basket lid 25 covers with dish basket 23, can fasten mutually, can not throw off during flushing.Center, 23 end of dish basket is porose, can be placed in when putting into rinse bath on the porous water-spraying jack-post of center.
Described dish basket 23 is netted cylindrical structures, from top to bottom the spaced flat horizontal stripe of multi-turn and several vertical bar are formed by multi-turn, so the purpose of design is that the water that hole for water spraying sprayed of being convenient to the rinse bath sidewall enters in the dish basket 23, stopping water jet column when reducing the rotation of dish basket; The netted lid that this dish basket lid 25 is made up of a plurality of vertical sheet disc and ring, its inner surface is the arc of central dip; Dish basket and dish basket lid joint are provided with device for clamping.So that the vegetables and fruits of come-up are fully immersed in the water, water enters the purpose that reaches cleaning in the dish basket in the time of also can making spray.On body frame control panel 02, also be provided with computer control board, which is provided with cleaning, sterilization, dehydration supervisor, time and vegetables and fruits category setting key and start key.
In the icon specific embodiment, also be provided with a high water level gap 16 in rinse bath 03 upper edge, unnecessary water can be discharged automatically.
In the concrete enforcement of icon, the space that the water of the hole for water spraying of rinse bath 03, peripheral hole for water spraying 21, bottom hole for water spraying 20 can see through in the dish basket 23 be sprayed into cleaning vegetables and fruits in the dish basket.
The CD-ROM drive motor of described backflow water pump and bath water pump is a variable speed driver, can change the pressure of spray back water by the speed that changes the water pump CD-ROM drive motor, to adapt to of the different requirements of different types of vegetables and fruits to washing pressure, for example should not be too high for the used hydraulic pressure of leafy vegetable, otherwise to too big on the damage of leafy vegetable; The hydraulic pressure of then having relatively high expectations for the vegetables of root piece class.
The ozone gas that this ozone generator 06 produces is got through air pump 07, links bath water pump 09 through pipe and squeezes in the rinse bath with water through center porous water-spraying jack-post 22 and rinse bath sidewall hole for water spraying.
During low water level jet douche operation, running water pipe is connected to the water feed apparatus of casing 04, set cleaning model, press start key, microcomputerized controller will be opened water intaking valve 14, the water inlet 15 of clear water by the rinse bath upper edge, in the injection rinse bath, through water level controller 13, be controlled at the low water level flushing, backflow water pump 8 comes into operation, and water is squeezed into recirculation water inlet 17 via water pipe with water again after the pressurization and flowed into rinse bath by backflow discharge outlet 18 suction backflow water pump 08, this moment, water column directly impacted reflux blade 24, impel 23 rotations of dish basket, intake simultaneously, via water pipe water is injected center porous water-spraying jack-post 22 and peripheral hole for water spraying 21 and bottom hole for water spraying 20 again after the pressurization by recirculation water discharge outlet suction bath water pump 09.Because of anhydrous resistance in the groove, make the water column dynamics strong and water column is impacted vegetables and fruits in the dish basket by different angles, make attached to the dirt impurity on vegetables and fruits surface and rinse well, the water pipe that the ozone of ozone generator 06 generation is at the same time squeezed into bath water pump 09 by air pump 07 is soluble in water, in water pump is squeezed into rinse bath, a large amount of bubbles of its generation can make the residual toxicity on vegetables and fruits surface decompose and remove, and reach vegetables and fruits and tentatively clean.When setting-up time then, drain solenoid valve 11 is discharged water.
Middle water level is sprayed in conjunction with rolling the revolution cleaning operation, microcomputer starts, inject clear water, to middle water level, backflow water pump 8, bath water pump 09 and ozone generator 06 start, produce the flushing of current water column and also make the rotation of dish basket, it is that the vegetables and fruits revolution is rolled that the injection water of rotary water current and bottom forms the rotary current that rolls, the sink center and then a plurality of spray orifices ejection water columns of face vegetables and fruits are washed.Meanwhile, the ozone that air pump is produced ozone generator 06 adds the delivery outlet of bath water pump 09, the shower that makes ejection have fine and closely woven little ozone bubbles, and the flushing vegetables and fruits go out the function of dirt to sufficiently sterilised degrading pesticide district.When setting-up time then, drain solenoid valve 11 is discharged water.
High water level embathes operation, microcomputer starts, inject clear water to high water level, during the high water level full-water level, (if water level is too high, can drain automatically by gap 16), microcomputerized controller starts backflow water pump 08, bath water pump 09 and ozone generator 06 automatically, produces the rotation of current water column developing result and dish basket and makes full-water level deep layer soaking and washing.Xian's vegetables and fruits that backwash that water does not stop, ozone bubbles is dissolved into the function that fine and closely woven minute bubbles reach the sufficiently sterilised degrading pesticide fully.When setting-up time then, drain solenoid valve 11 starts drainings,
Spray is operated towards Xian, microcomputer starts, and water intaking valve 14 is injected water by water inlet 15, produces spray towards Xian's mode, sewage is not stopped to discharge, clear water does not stop to inject, and at this moment, backflow water pump 8 still continues hydraulic pressure is gone out, impact dish basket reflux blade 24, the rotation that the dish basket does not stop, bath water pump 09 also still continues hydraulic pressure is produced the unboiled water post towards vegetables and fruits, reaches clean effect and cleaning for the second time.When the time then moves and stops, water is drained.
Finish when setting cleaning procedure, drain solenoid valve 11 starts draining, water is drained into low water level, and in reflux blade 24 lower edges, the clear water that retains makes backflow water pump 08 continue action, water column impacts reflux blade 24 rotates dish basket 23, produce centrifugal force, water is got rid of reach vegetables and fruits dehydration purpose, after setting dewatering time and arriving, microcomputerized controller starts drain solenoid valve 11 automatically drains the water in the rinse bath totally, finishes cleaning process.
The present invention is real according to the above to be the water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device of the practical economic worth of a very tool, and it has brought vegetables and fruits to clean revolution to the mankind.

Claims (14)

1, a kind of water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method, to be washed vegetables and fruits to put into the washing dish basket of vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device and clean, and described washing dish basket turns round around central shaft, it is characterized in that, its cleaning process adopts just to have made is washed the middle water level that vegetables and fruits float, clean and to combine with the revolution of rolling of jet douche and current, described jet douche is multi-faceted multi-angle from the center of being washed the vegetables and fruits heap, all around to being washed that vegetables and fruits wash and in conjunction with the revolution of being washed vegetables and fruits; The revolution of rolling of described current is to adopt around the current of washing dish basket central shaft rotation and making of forming in conjunction with the high-pressure injection backwater stream that is made progress by the bottom to be washed the vegetables and fruits revolution of rolling, and described washing dish basket is to adopt the high pressure backwater to flow the method that impulse washs dish basket bottom blade to realize around the central shaft revolution.
2, water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, before carrying out cleaning process, be provided with low water level jet douche step, described low water level is the water level that water level is lower than washing dish basket bottom, make the rotation of dish basket with high pressure backwater stream impulse washing dish basket bottom blade, with high-pressure injection backwater stream vegetables and fruits are carried out jet douche from dish basket bottom, center and side simultaneously.
3, water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described cleaning process, also further be included in the revolution of rolling of middle water level jet douche and current and be provided with that high water level soaks, the rotary current that rolls embathes step after the cleaning step, described high water level is that water level surpasses the height of being washed vegetables and fruits vegetables and fruits are flown in the water, forms the rotary current that rolls with high pressure backwater stream and high-pressure injection backwater stream the vegetables and fruits immersion is rolled.
4, water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, after cleaning process, be provided with the spray irrigation step, described spray irrigation step is under the low water level condition, when making the rotation of dish basket with high pressure backwater stream impulse washing dish basket bottom blade, make water intaking valve open, the running water of cleaning is sprayed vegetables and fruits from top to bottom.
According to each the described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method in the claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that 5, the pressure of described high pressure backwater stream or high-pressure injection backwater stream is adjusted according to the kind that is cleaned vegetables and fruits.
6, according to each the described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method in the claim 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, in high-pressure injection backwater stream, be added with ozone.
7, a kind of water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device of implementing the described method of claim 1 comprises loam cake, housing and is located at base below the housing; Be provided with rinse bath in the housing, be provided with rotating dish basket in the groove, be provided with ozone generator and water pump in the base, be provided with water level controller in the rinse bath side; It is characterized in that:
Described bottom of rinse bath is provided with the backflow discharge outlet, is provided with drainpipe and a plurality of hole for water spraying of drain solenoid valve, and bottom centre is provided with the porous water-spraying jack-post, and sidewall is provided with many row's hole for water sprayings, also is provided with the recirculation water inlet near the sidewall of bottom;
One backflow water pump, its water inlet connect described backflow discharge outlet, and its delivery port connects described recirculation water inlet;
One jet water pump, its water inlet connect described backflow discharge outlet, and its delivery port connects described a plurality of bottoms hole for water spraying, arranges sidewall hole for water spraying and porous water-spraying jack-post more.
8, water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described bottom of rinse bath is the annular groove of middle part projection, annular groove is provided with screen pack, described center porous water-spraying jack-post is located at described annular groove middle part high spot, a plurality of hole for water sprayings in described bottom be located at annular groove and middle part projection around.
9, water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device according to claim 7 is characterized in that, described water level controller is a tubular type magnetic float water level controller, which is provided with high, medium and low three level sensor coils.
10, water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device according to claim 7 is characterized in that, described dish basket is hubbed on the porous water-spraying jack-post of described rinse bath center, is provided with reflux blade along circumference at the bottom of dish basket basket, this reflux blade subtend recirculation water inlet.
11, according to the described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device of claim 7, it is characterized in that: described center porous water-spraying jack-post has a water spray axle base, water spray axle base is fixed in the bottom of rinse bath center, and center porous water-spraying jack-post extends the bottom land below by water spray axle base and forms water inlet; The upper end of center porous water-spraying jack-post is a bullet, and cylinder is a hollow design from bottom to top, and the top is not run through, and the below water inlet is connected water inlet pipe; On the cylinder face, from top to bottom helical arrangement circular hole and/or flat hole.
12, according to the described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device of claim 7, it is characterized in that: a plurality of hole for water sprayings of the described sidewall of being located at rinse bath and bottom land are the circular and/or flat holes of different angles.
13, according to the described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device of claim 7, it is characterized in that: described dish basket is netted cylindrical structure, and from top to bottom the spaced flat horizontal stripe of multi-turn and several vertical bar are formed by multi-turn; The netted lid that dish basket lid is made up of a plurality of vertical sheet disc and ring, its inner surface is the arc of central dip; Dish basket and dish basket lid joint are provided with device for clamping.
14, according to the described water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing device of claim 7, it is characterized in that: the CD-ROM drive motor of described backflow water pump and bath water pump is a variable speed driver.
CNB2005101065428A 2005-07-07 2005-09-30 Water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method and device Expired - Fee Related CN100352381C (en)

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CN200520112487.9 2005-07-07
CNB2005101065428A CN100352381C (en) 2005-07-07 2005-09-30 Water saving type vegetable and fruit washing and sterilizing method and device

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