CN105804945B - A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method - Google Patents

A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105804945B
CN105804945B CN201610202806.8A CN201610202806A CN105804945B CN 105804945 B CN105804945 B CN 105804945B CN 201610202806 A CN201610202806 A CN 201610202806A CN 105804945 B CN105804945 B CN 105804945B
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wind
photovoltaic
umbrella
force
close
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CN105804945A (en
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贾虎
孙文斌
吴芳辉
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/007Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with means for converting solar radiation into useful energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/008Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with water energy converters, e.g. a water turbine
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • H02S10/12Hybrid wind-PV energy systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2220/00Application
    • F05B2220/70Application in combination with
    • F05B2220/706Application in combination with an electrical generator
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/14Extreme weather resilient electric power supply systems, e.g. strengthening power lines or underground power cables
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of photovoltaic wind-force rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method, belong to field of new energy generation.Generating integration device used herein includes photovoltaic generation rainwater power generator, wind generator set, is to be generated electricity using wind-force, solar energy and rainwater, electricity-generating method is:1) signal acquisition;2) operating mode judgement is carried out according to collection signal;3) send and perform signal, umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is acted accordingly according to signal is performed;4) wind generator set gathers wind direction by empennage, and fan blade rotation makes wind turbine power generation;5) photovoltaic generation, rain water electricity generating and electric energy produced by wind-power electricity generation pass through rectifier rectification, and electricity supply and use equipment uses in storage battery power storage.The present invention is generated electricity using solar energy, wind energy and rainwater, which can work normally under different weather environment, improve the utilization rate to the energy, highly practical, easy to promote the use of.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of new energy power generation, more specifically to a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating one Body elelctrochemical power generation method.
Background technology
Solar energy, wind energy etc. are inexhaustible as environmentally protective new energy.It is increasingly short in global energy Lack, under the background of environment worsening, solar energy, wind energy cause each side as a kind of clean energy resource of sustainable use Pay high attention to.
In recent years, China's photovoltaic industry is under the promotion of national Larger Engineering Projects, popularization plan and international cooperative project Develop rapidly.As the direction of energy development from now on, as new energy, having influences from power supply, does not consume for solar energy, wind energy As long as conventional electric energy, sunny the features such as using, therefore get more and more people's extensive concerning, and because it does not pollute ring Border, and it is referred to as green product, operation expense is cheap, and whole system operation is to automatically control, without artificial dry In advance, it is nearly free from maintenance cost.But existing solar power generation is plane since solar panel is most of, and install Angle is changeless, and solar panel can not fully sorption enhanced sunlight, generated energy cannot be guaranteed, it is difficult to hold It is continuous to utilize, and common device of solar generating can not be generated electricity using rainwater.Therefore, it is necessary to take new technical solution To solve the above problems.
Technical solution on generation of electricity by new energy has relevant technical solution and discloses, such as China Patent No.: ZL201420431568.4, authorized announcement date:On 2 4th, 2015, invention and created name was:A kind of solar street light, this application Case discloses a kind of solar street light, including lamp stand, and the lamp stand is equipped with least one headlamp, the upper end of the lamp stand Equipped with solar panel, and solar panel is in opening up horn-like structure, between solar panel and lamp stand Equipped with reinforcing plate, solar panel bottom is equipped with leakage hole, and with being communicated inside lamp stand, the vertical section of lamp stand is sent out equipped with rainwater Electric installation, the side of lamp stand are equipped with electrical energy storage device.Solar panel is arranged to horn-like structure by the patent formula, So with the rotation of the sun, the light-receiving area of solar panel is big, while rainy rainwater-collecting can also be entered lamp Impact power generation apparatus by rainwater, is generated electricity using the gravitional force of rainwater in bar.Although the program can shine upon orientation Generating state is maintained at during change, but due to the tapered distribution of power generator, the limited area shined upon can be received.
And for example Chinese Patent Application No.:201320158483.9 the applying date:On April 2nd, 2014, invention and created name are: A kind of energy automatic supplying equipment, including solar panel body, windmill, electric pole, street lamp, the solar panel body It is electrically connected on electric pole and with street lamp;The windmill be arranged on solar panel body on and with solar panel sheet Body is electrically connected, and belongs to the technical field of energy source use.Although the patent formula can utilize wind energy and solar energy, the sun at the same time Energy plate generating area is small, and wind-power electricity generation is had a great influence by wind direction, and generating efficiency has much room for improvement.
The content of the invention
1. technical problems to be solved by the inivention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the shortcomings of that energy utilization rate is relatively low in the prior art, there is provided a kind of photovoltaic-wind Power-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method, is generated electricity using solar energy, wind energy and rainwater, the equal energy under different weather environment Normal work, improves the utilization rate to the energy, easy to promote the use of.
2. technical solution
To reach above-mentioned purpose, technical solution provided by the invention is:
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the present invention, utilizes photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating one Body makeup, which is put, to generate electricity, and generating integration device includes control system, and the photovoltaic generation-rain being arranged on supporting mechanism Water power generator and wind generator set, its electricity-generating method are:
1), the humidity induction device in photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater carries out signal acquisition, and collection signal is sent To controller;
2), controller carries out operating mode judgement according to moisture signal, if the moisture signal of humidity induction device is determined as Rainy day, then umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism be in fold collection water state;Otherwise it is in unfolded state;Controller sends corresponding execution signal;
3), if umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, which receives, folds execution signal, telescopic rod driving mechanisms control umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, The rain-impact hydrogenerator of collection carries out rain water electricity generating;If umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism receives expansion and performs signal, telescopic rod drives Dynamic mechanism controls umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism expansion, photovoltaic module carry out photovoltaic generation using solar energy;
4) wind generator set gathers wind direction by empennage, and the surfaces of revolution of fan blade is vertical with wind direction under wind-force effect, Fan blade rotation makes wind turbine power generation;
5), photovoltaic generation, rain water electricity generating and electric energy produced by wind-power electricity generation pass through rectifier rectification, and power storage is existed Electricity supply and use equipment uses in storage battery.
As further improvement of the present invention, the wind generator set includes wind-driven generator, fan blade and empennage, Control the surfaces of revolution of fan blade vertical with wind direction by empennage;The wind-driven generator passes through in generator support and supporting mechanism Second support be connected, and wind-driven generator and generator support are rotatablely connected.
As further improvement of the present invention, the fan blade is arranged in the shaft of wind-driven generator, and empennage passes through Empennage connecting rod is fixed on the housing of wind-driven generator, and the panel of empennage is vertically arranged perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade.
As further improvement of the present invention, the photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater includes photovoltaic module and umbrella Shape open-and-close mechanism, under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism unfolded state, photovoltaic module receives sunlight and generates electricity;In umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism Under collapse state, rainwater-collecting mouth is formed, collected rainwater generates electricity by hydrogenerator.
As further improvement of the present invention, the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism include umbrella stand center-pole, opening and closing driving mechanism, Upper compression sleeve, lower compression sleeve, compression spring and base for fixing umbrella, the base for fixing umbrella are slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole, under Compression sleeve, compression spring and upper compression sleeve are sleeved on umbrella stand center-pole successively from the bottom to top, and upper compression sleeve and umbrella Frame center-pole is mutually fixed;Support wire, opening and closing driving mechanism control umbrella stand are respectively connected with the lower compression sleeve and upper compression sleeve Base, which moves up and down, realizes the gathering and expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism.
As further improvement of the present invention, the photovoltaic module includes mono-crystalline silicon solar component and fexible film too It is positive can component, be provided with waterproof cloth in the support wire in the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism;Set in the upward side of waterproof cloth flexible Thin film solar component, the mono-crystalline silicon solar component are arranged on the outer rim of waterproof cloth by pull slide bar or dog-ear mode; The mono-crystalline silicon solar component is with being both provided with what is be electrically connected with controller in control system on flexible thin-film solar component Humidity induction device.
As further improvement of the present invention, the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism passes through the in guide support and supporting mechanism One stent is hinged;The opening and closing driving mechanism includes telescopic rod, and the first support is oppositely arranged with second support, telescopic rod one End is hinged with second support, and the telescopic end of telescopic rod is connected with base for fixing umbrella, which slides with umbrella stand center-pole connects Connect, telescopic rod driving mechanism is electrically connected with the controller, and is swung by telescopic rod driving mechanisms control guide support.
As further improvement of the present invention, the base for fixing umbrella is slidably connected by inner sliding sleeve and umbrella stand center-pole, At least five base water inlet is formed between base for fixing umbrella periphery and inner sliding sleeve;Base for fixing umbrella lower end is connected with diversion pipe, this is led Flow tube and the water delivery casing being arranged on guide support coordinate and dredge the internal cavities that current enter guide support.
As further improvement of the present invention, two hinged legs of the guide support are guide support water outlet, The guide support water outlet is connected with the water flow pipes in first support;The water outlet of the water flow pipes leads to the water of hydrogenerator Wheel, water impact water wheels are rotated and generated electricity.
As further improvement of the present invention, the control system further includes rectifier and controller, solar energy, wind Power, waterpower generate electricity can be rectified after pass in storage battery and store through controller, by storage battery to power supply for electrical equipment.
3. beneficial effect
Using technical solution provided by the invention, compared with prior art, have the advantages that:
(1) a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the invention, can utilize under fair weather Solar energy and wind energy generate electricity, and can be generated electricity in the rainy day using wind energy and rainwater, ensure that electrical equipment in different weather It can work normally down;
(2) a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the invention, passes through in wind generator set Empennage connecting rod is connected with empennage, and empennage panel is vertically arranged perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade, is increased by empennage connecting rod Added the distance between empennage and generator, in the case where there is wind, empennage panel be affected by the wind can turn to it is parallel with wind direction Position, the surfaces of revolution of fan blade is vertical with wind direction at this time, has larger windward side, makes the rotating speed of fan blade maximum, wind-force Generating efficiency highest;
(3) a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the invention, set photovoltaic module are located at Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, used flexible thin-film solar component can note invest waterproof cloth surface, can fold and fold;In umbrella In the state of the expansion of shape open-and-close mechanism, there is larger light energy absorption face, and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism can be adjusted by telescopic rod Gradient, improve the utilization rate of solar energy;
(4) a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the invention, folds in umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism Under state, rainwater-collecting mouth is formd, the rainwater-collecting mouth opening upwards, collected rainwater is entered by base water inlet leads Stent is flowed, water wheels rotation is finally impacted and generates electricity, ensure that device also being capable of normal power generation use in the rainy day.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated apparatus overall structure diagram in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated apparatus concrete structure schematic diagram in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the distributed architecture schematic diagram of solar components on umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structure diagram of base water inlet in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the positional structure schematic diagram of upper and lower compression sleeve in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the position relationship schematic diagram of diversion pipe and water delivery casing in the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the internal structure schematic diagram of water delivery casing in the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of water delivery casing and umbrella stand center-pole in the present invention;
Figure 10 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of guide support and the first hinged seat in the present invention;
Figure 11 is the structure diagram of telescopic rod in the present invention;
Figure 12 is the structure diagram of hydrogenerator in the present invention.
Label declaration in schematic diagram:1st, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater;11st, mono-crystalline silicon solar component;12nd, it is soft Property thin film solar component;121st, rainwater-collecting mouth;13rd, pull slide bar;141st, umbrella stand center-pole;142nd, upper compression sleeve; 143rd, lower compression sleeve;144th, spring is compressed;145th, support wire;15th, base for fixing umbrella;151st, base water inlet;152nd, inner sliding sleeve; 153rd, diversion pipe;16th, guide support;161st, guide support water outlet;17th, the first hinged seat;171st, the first articulated shaft;18th, it is defeated Jacket pipe;181st, center-pole connecting plate;182nd, fair water sleeves;2nd, wind generator set;21st, wind-driven generator;22nd, fan blade; 23rd, wheel hub;24th, empennage;25th, empennage connecting rod;26th, generator support;3rd, supporting mechanism;31st, main strut;32nd, first support; 33rd, water flow pipes;34th, second support;35th, telescopic rod;351st, telescopic rod outer tube;352nd, telescopic rod inner tube;353rd, the second hinged seat; 354th, the 3rd hinged seat;355th, telescopic rod driving mechanism;36th, structure enhancing bar;4th, base;41st, base cabinet;42nd, water wheels are sent out Motor;421st, water wheel motor bearing;43rd, rectifier;44th, controller;45th, storage battery;46th, drainpipe.
Embodiment
To further appreciate that present disclosure, the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Embodiment 1
With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the present embodiment, including photovoltaic Power generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1, supporting mechanism 3, wind generator set 2 and control system, photovoltaic generation-rain in the present embodiment Water power generator 1, wind generator set 2 are each attached on supporting mechanism 3, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 and wind-power electricity generation The power storage that mechanism 2 is converted is other power supply for electrical equipment in the storage battery 45 of control system.
Supporting mechanism 3 in the present embodiment includes main strut 31, first support 32 and second support 34,32 He of first support Second support 34 is arranged on the upper end of main strut 31, and both are oppositely arranged, and wind generator set 2 is arranged on second support 34 On, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 is arranged in first support 32, for enhancing structure, in second support 34 and main strut Structure enhancing bar 36 is provided between 31.
With reference to Fig. 2, the wind generator set 2 in the present embodiment includes wind-driven generator 21, fan blade 22 and empennage 24, leads to Crossing empennage 24 controls the surfaces of revolution of fan blade 22 vertical with wind direction.More specifically, fan blade 22 is sent out by wheel hub 23 and wind-force Motor 21 is connected, and wind-driven generator 21 is connected by generator support 26 with the second support 34 in supporting mechanism 3, and wind-force is sent out Motor 21 is rotatablely connected with generator support 26,21 relative generator stent 26 of wind-driven generator is rotated, can be according to wind To the surfaces of revolution of adjustment fan blade 22, which is the periphery formed when fan blade 22 rotates.
In order to reach larger wind power generation efficiency, fan blade 22 is arranged in the shaft of wind-driven generator 21, empennage 24 It is fixed on by empennage connecting rod 25 on the housing of wind-driven generator 21, and the panel of empennage 24 is perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade 22 And it is vertically arranged.Empennage connecting rod 25 adds the distance between empennage 24 and wind-driven generator 21, equivalent to adding the arm of force, even if There is less wind-force, also wind-driven generator 21 can be promoted to rotate and adjust surfaces of revolution orientation.Panel of the present embodiment empennage 24 It is vertically arranged perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade 22, on the one hand, there can be larger forced area by being vertically arranged;It is another Aspect, empennage panel is perpendicular to fan blade 22, when wind-force promotes empennage 24 parallel with wind direction, the surfaces of revolution and wind of fan blade 22 To vertical, there is larger windward side, 22 rotating speed of fan blade is most fast, generating efficiency highest.
Embodiment 2
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation the method for the present embodiment, its basic structure and 1 phase of embodiment Together, its difference is:Photovoltaic generation-the power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 of the present embodiment includes photovoltaic module and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, Under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism unfolded state, photovoltaic module receives sunlight and generates electricity;Under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism collapse state, Rainwater-collecting mouth 121 is formed, collected rainwater generates electricity by hydrogenerator 42.
Specifically, umbrella stand center-pole 141, opening and closing driving mechanism, upper compression sleeve are included with reference to Fig. 3, umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism 142nd, lower compression sleeve 143, compression spring 144 and base for fixing umbrella 15.The base for fixing umbrella 15 is slided with umbrella stand center-pole 141 to be connected Connect, as shown in fig. 6, lower compression sleeve 143, compression spring 144 and upper compression sleeve 142 are sleeved in umbrella stand successively from the bottom to top On core bar 141, and upper compression sleeve 142 is fixed with 141 phase of umbrella stand center-pole, prevent it from sliding up and down and cause whole mechanism without Method is unfolded.Support wire 145, opening and closing driving mechanism control umbrella stand are respectively connected with the lower compression sleeve 143, upper compression sleeve 142 Base 15, which moves up and down, realizes the gathering and expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism.
As shown in figure 4, the photovoltaic module in the present embodiment includes mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 and flexible thin-film solar Component 12, is provided with waterproof cloth in the support wire 145 in the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, according to the structure setting of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, Different set-up modes may be selected in waterproof cloth, can be common waterproof material, or elastic material or is made by being stacked It being capable of upper and lower folding.It is provided with flexible thin-film solar component 12 in the upward side of waterproof cloth, support wire 145 is by waterproof cloth etc. It is divided into eight pieces, flexible thin-film solar component 12 is arranged on every piece of waterproof cloth, and every piece of flexible thin-film solar component 12 is by soft Property thin-film solar cells band divides multirow to be attached on waterproof cloth to form, and specific line number and waterproof cloth block number can bases in actual use Actual needs makes choice.It is coupled between flexible thin-film solar component 12 using serial or parallel connection mode, the present embodiment is preferred For coupled in series.
The mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 is arranged on the outer rim of waterproof cloth, when umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, adjacent support Intermarginal spacing inherently reduces outside silk 145, therefore pull slide bar 13 is equipped between adjacent 145 top of support wire, and monocrystalline silicon is too Positive energy component 11 is arranged on pull slide bar 13, can control pull slide bar 13 to shorten or elongate by support wire 145, the monocrystalline silicon sun The length of energy component 11 is equal to the spacing that umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds rear 145 top of adjacent support wire, is folded in umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism Under collapse state, each mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 will not interfere.Mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 is also classified into eight pieces of power generations Piece is arranged on waterproof cloth outer rim, coupled in series between power generation sheet.Mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 and flexible thin-film solar component It is transmitted, is stored after over commutation to storage battery after electric energy confluence produced by 12.
It should be noted that it is both provided with humidity on mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 and flexible thin-film solar component 12 Perceptual signal is transferred to the controller in control system by sensing device, sensing device, and then controller issue is corresponding performs Signal driving umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism expansion folds, and realizes intelligent control.
Embodiment 3
With reference to Fig. 3, a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method, its basic structure and the reality of the present embodiment It is identical to apply example 2, its difference is:The set-up mode of mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 is different in the present embodiment, and monocrystalline silicon is too Positive energy component 11 is made of left and right two parts, and the flexible folding in 11 middle part of mono-crystalline silicon solar component, passes through dog-ear mode Shape is more than the 3rd side principle in an angle, similar to the sum of triangle both sides.It should be noted that mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 length is identical with the spacing on adjacent 145 top of support wire, ensures mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 after the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism It is fully expanded.When umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, adjacent 145 top spacing of support wire reduces, and mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 is left Right two parts are avoided interference with towards the direction bending opposite with umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, are not influenced the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism or are received Close, while the hand for not influencing rainwater is collected.This structure design has the light-receiving area of bigger, power generation effect relative to embodiment 2 Rate higher.
Embodiment 4
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation the method for the present embodiment, its basic structure and 2 phase of embodiment Together, its difference is:The umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is cut with scissors by guide support 16 and the first support 32 in supporting mechanism 3 Connect, the opening and closing driving mechanism includes telescopic rod 35, and 35 one end of telescopic rod is hinged with second support 34, the telescopic end of telescopic rod 35 It is connected with base for fixing umbrella 15, which is slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole 141, passes through telescopic rod driving mechanism 355 Control guide support 16 is swung.
More specifically, telescopic rod 35 includes telescopic rod outer tube 351 and telescopic rod inner tube 352, as shown in figure 11, flexible Telescopic rod driving mechanism 355 is provided with bar outer tube 351, telescopic rod driving mechanism 355 is electrically connected with controller 44, by flexible Bar driving mechanism 355 controls telescopic rod inner tube 352 flexible.In addition, telescopic rod outer tube 351 passes through the 3rd hinged seat 354 and second Stent 34 is connected, and telescopic rod inner tube 352 is connected by the second hinged seat 353 with base for fixing umbrella 15.When telescopic rod inner tube 352 is stretched out When, guide support 16 can be swung to the right, while base for fixing umbrella 15 is pushed upwardly, the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism;When in telescopic rod When pipe 352 folds, guide support 16 is swung to the left, is stopped when in vertical position, at this time 121 lucky court of rainwater-collecting mouth Upward, easy to rainwater-collecting.
Embodiment 5
With reference to Fig. 4, Fig. 5, a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the present embodiment, its basic structure Same as Example 4, its difference is:In umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, base for fixing umbrella 15 passes through in inner sliding sleeve 152 and umbrella stand Core bar 141 is slidably connected, and is connected between 15 periphery of base for fixing umbrella and inner sliding sleeve 152 by grid, bottom is formed between grid Seat water inlet 151, in order to ensure water velocity, at least 5 base water inlets 151 on a base for fixing umbrella 15, the present embodiment In be provided with 8.15 lower end of base for fixing umbrella is connected with diversion pipe 153, which is connected with base water inlet 151.Lead 153 lower end of flow tube coordinates with the water delivery casing 18 being arranged on guide support 16 and dredges current into the inside of guide support 16 Cavity.
More specifically, center-pole connecting plate 181 and fair water sleeves 182 are included referring to Fig. 8, Fig. 9, water delivery casing 18, in Core bar connecting plate 181 is set at equal intervals along water delivery sleeve side walls, and the inner side of center-pole connecting plate 181 and umbrella stand center-pole 141 are solid Even.Adjacent center-pole connecting plate 181 forms flowing water entrance, and current can enter the internal cavities of guide support 16.Set Fair water sleeves 182 are located at 18 upper end of water delivery casing, its inner wall radius differs 0.5~1.3mm with 153 outer edge radius of diversion pipe.When When base for fixing umbrella 15 is snapped down to bottommost, as shown in fig. 7, diversion pipe 153 can be easily inserted in fair water sleeves 182, and it is tied Close part and add structural strength, when wind-force is larger, the infringement to center-pole connecting plate 181 can be mitigated, form dual connection, It ensure that the stability of structure, service life length.
Referring to Figure 10, two hinged legs of the guide support 16 are guide support water outlet 161, in first support 32 On be provided with the first hinged seat 17, which picks up the ears to be arranged in parallel by two forms, two pick up the ears between part and first The inner cavity of stent 32 communicates.The first articulated shaft 171, two hinged legs of guide support 16 are transversely provided with first hinged seat 17 The first articulated shaft 171 is blocked, and guide support water outlet 161 is connected with the water flow pipes 33 in first support 32, water flow pipes 33 Water outlet lead to the water wheels of hydrogenerator 42, water impact water wheels are rotated and generated electricity, realized and generated electricity using rainwater.
Embodiment 6
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation the method for the present embodiment, its basic structure and 5 phase of embodiment Together, its difference is:31 bottom of main strut is connected with the base cabinet 41 in base 4;Control system and hydrogenerator 42 are arranged inside base cabinet 41.The control system includes rectifier 43 and controller 44, solar energy, wind-force, waterpower Generate electricity to be rectified after 43 rectification of device to pass in storage battery 45 through controller 44 and store, supplied by storage battery 45 to electrical equipment Electricity.Hydrogenerator 42 is arranged on 31 lower part of main strut, makes water wheels opposite with water flow pipes 33, easy to hydroelectric generation.In base member case 41 side wall of body is additionally provided with drainpipe 46, which connects the discharge outlet of hydrogenerator 42, and rainwater is discharged.In order to prevent Hydrogenerator 42 makes moist and damages, and as shown in figure 12, water wheel motor bearing 421 is set in 42 bottom of hydrogenerator, to protect Protect hydrogenerator 42.
Above example is not limited to cited content, between each scheme can according to being actually needed organic assembling, for Upper given apparatus structure, its specific application method are:
1), humidity induction device carries out signal acquisition in photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1, and collection signal is sent To controller 44;
2), controller 44 carries out operating mode judgement according to moisture signal, if the moisture signal for having humidity induction device is sentenced It is set to the rainy day, then umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is in collection water state;Otherwise it is in unfolded state.Here in order to accurately determine whether under Rain, can set multiple humidity induction devices and carry out weather judgement jointly, if the moisture signal for having 6 humidity induction devices judges For the rainy day, then start to perform corresponding operating.
If 3), umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, which receives, folds execution signal, telescopic rod driving mechanism 355 controls umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism to receive Close, the rain-impact hydrogenerator of collection carries out rain water electricity generating;If umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism receives expansion and performs signal, telescopic rod Driving mechanism 355 controls the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, and photovoltaic module carries out photovoltaic generation using solar energy.
Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is received into state procedure of catchmenting, and telescopic rod driving mechanism 355 controls telescopic rod inner tube 352 to return Contracting, base for fixing umbrella 15 work as water conservancy diversion to 141 basal sliding of umbrella stand center-pole, guide support 16 to close to 35 1 side oscillation of telescopic rod When stent 16 is located at vertical position, diversion pipe 153 is caught in fair water sleeves 182, can carry out rainwater-collecting;Collected rainwater is the bottom of by Seat water inlet 151 enters diversion pipe 153, and then from entering 16 inner cavity of guide support between center-pole connecting plate 181, then process is led Flow stent water outlet 161 and enter water flow pipes 33, the water wheels of finally outflow impact hydrogenerator 42 generate electricity, the rain after utilization Water is discharged by drainpipe 46.
During the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, telescopic rod driving mechanism 355 controls telescopic rod inner tube 352 to stretch out, umbrella stand bottom Seat 15 is to 141 top slide of umbrella stand center-pole, and guide support 16 is to away from 35 1 side oscillation of telescopic rod, waterproof cloth expansion, monocrystalline Silicon solar component 11 and flexible thin-film solar component 12 are subjected to luminous energy and carry out photovoltaic generation.
4), wind generator set 2 is in generating state at any time, and wind direction is gathered by empennage 24, the fan blade under wind-force effect The surfaces of revolution of wheel 22 is vertical with wind direction, and the rotation of fan blade 22 makes wind-driven generator 21 generate electricity.
5), photovoltaic generation, rain water electricity generating and electric energy produced by wind-power electricity generation pass through 43 rectification of rectifier, and power storage Electricity supply and use equipment uses in storage battery 45.
The present invention can be generated electricity under fair weather using solar energy and wind energy, and wind energy and rainwater can be utilized in the rainy day Generate electricity, ensure that can be normally carried out power generation operation under different weather, improve the utilization rate of the energy, easy to promote Use, meet the policy requirements of national development new energy.
Schematically the present invention and embodiments thereof are described above, this describes no restricted, institute in attached drawing What is shown is also one of embodiments of the present invention, and actual structure is not limited thereto.So if common skill of this area Art personnel are enlightened by it, without departing from the spirit of the invention, are not inventively designed and the technical solution Similar frame mode and embodiment, are within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method, using photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated apparatus into Row power generation, generating integration device includes control system, and the photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating being arranged on supporting mechanism (3) Device (1) and wind generator set (2), it is characterised in that:Its electricity-generating method is:
1), the humidity induction device in photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) carries out signal acquisition, and collection signal is sent To controller (44);
2), controller (44) carries out operating mode judgement according to moisture signal, if the moisture signal of humidity induction device is determined as Rainy day, then umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism be in fold collection water state;Otherwise it is in unfolded state;Controller (44), which is sent, accordingly performs letter Number;
If 3), umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, which receives, folds execution signal, telescopic rod driving mechanism (355) control umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is received Close, the rain-impact hydrogenerator of collection carries out rain water electricity generating;If umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism receives expansion and performs signal, telescopic rod Driving mechanism (355) control umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism expansion, photovoltaic module carry out photovoltaic generation using solar energy;
4) wind generator set (2) gathers wind direction by empennage (24), the surfaces of revolution and wind of fan blade (22) under wind-force effect To vertical, fan blade (22) rotation makes wind-driven generator (21) generate electricity;
5), photovoltaic generation, rain water electricity generating and electric energy produced by wind-power electricity generation pass through rectifier (43) rectification, and power storage is existed Electricity supply and use equipment uses in storage battery (45).
A kind of 2. photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Wind generator set (2) includes wind-driven generator (21), fan blade (22) and empennage (24), and fan blade is controlled by empennage (24) (22) the surfaces of revolution is vertical with wind direction;The wind-driven generator (21) passes through in generator support (26) and supporting mechanism (3) Second support (34) is connected, and wind-driven generator (21) is rotatablely connected with generator support (26).
A kind of 3. photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Fan blade (22) is arranged in the shaft of wind-driven generator (21), and empennage (24) is fixed on wind-power electricity generation by empennage connecting rod (25) On the housing of machine (21), and the panel of empennage (24) is vertically arranged perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade (22).
A kind of 4. photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) include photovoltaic module and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, in umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism unfolded state Under, photovoltaic module receives sunlight and generates electricity;Under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism collapse state, rainwater-collecting mouth (121), institute are formed Rainwater is collected to generate electricity by hydrogenerator (42).
A kind of 5. photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is described Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism include umbrella stand center-pole (141), opening and closing driving mechanism, upper compression sleeve (142), lower compression sleeve (143), Compression spring (144) and base for fixing umbrella (15), the base for fixing umbrella (15) are slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole (141), lower compression Sleeve (143), compression spring (144) and upper compression sleeve (142) are sleeved on umbrella stand center-pole (141) successively from the bottom to top, And upper compression sleeve (142) is mutually fixed with umbrella stand center-pole (141);The lower compression sleeve (143) and upper compression sleeve (142) On be respectively connected with support wire (145), opening and closing driving mechanism control base for fixing umbrella (15), which moves up and down, realizes the receipts of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism Hold together and be unfolded.
A kind of 6. photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is described Photovoltaic module includes mono-crystalline silicon solar component (11) and flexible thin-film solar component (12), in the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism Support wire is provided with waterproof cloth on (145);The upward side of waterproof cloth is provided with flexible thin-film solar component (12), the list Crystal silicon solar component (11) is arranged on the outer rim of waterproof cloth by pull slide bar (13) or dog-ear mode;The monocrystalline silicon sun Can component (11) be both provided with flexible thin-film solar component (12) be electrically connected with controller in control system (44) it is wet Spend sensing device.
A kind of 7. photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is described Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is hinged by the first support (32) in guide support (16) and supporting mechanism (3);The folding driving machine Structure includes telescopic rod (35), and the first support (32) is oppositely arranged with second support (34), telescopic rod (35) one end and second Stent (34) is hinged, and the telescopic end of telescopic rod (35) is connected with base for fixing umbrella (15), the base for fixing umbrella (15) and umbrella stand center Bar (141) is slidably connected, and telescopic rod driving mechanism (355) is electrically connected with controller (44), passes through telescopic rod driving mechanism (355) Guide support (16) is controlled to swing.
A kind of 8. photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:It is described Base for fixing umbrella (15) is slidably connected by inner sliding sleeve (152) and umbrella stand center-pole (141), in base for fixing umbrella (15) periphery and interior cunning At least five base water inlet (151) is formed between set (152);Base for fixing umbrella (15) lower end is connected with diversion pipe (153), this is led Flow tube (153) and the water delivery casing (18) being arranged on guide support (16) coordinate and dredge current into guide support (16) Internal cavities.
A kind of 9. photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:It is described Two of guide support (16) hinged legs be guide support water outlet (161), the guide support water outlet (161) and first Water flow pipes (33) connection in frame (32);The water outlet of the water flow pipes (33) leads to the water wheels of hydrogenerator (42), current Impact water wheels are rotated and generated electricity.
A kind of 10. photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute State control system and further include rectifier (43) and controller (44), solar energy, wind-force, waterpower generate electricity after being rectified through control Device passes to storage in storage battery (45), by storage battery (45) to power supply for electrical equipment.
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