CN105804945A - Integrated photovoltaic-wind-rainwater power generation method - Google Patents

Integrated photovoltaic-wind-rainwater power generation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105804945A
CN105804945A CN201610202806.8A CN201610202806A CN105804945A CN 105804945 A CN105804945 A CN 105804945A CN 201610202806 A CN201610202806 A CN 201610202806A CN 105804945 A CN105804945 A CN 105804945A
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China
Prior art keywords
wind
power generation
photovoltaic
umbrella
support
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Granted
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CN201610202806.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105804945B (en
Inventor
贾虎
孙文斌
吴芳辉
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/007Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with means for converting solar radiation into useful energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/008Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with water energy converters, e.g. a water turbine
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • H02S10/12Hybrid wind-PV energy systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2220/00Application
    • F05B2220/70Application in combination with
    • F05B2220/706Application in combination with an electrical generator
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/14Extreme weather resilient electric power supply systems, e.g. strengthening power lines or underground power cables
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction

Abstract

The invention discloses an integrated photovoltaic-wind-rainwater power generation method and belongs to the field of new energy power generation. An integrated power generation device adopted by the method comprises a photovoltaic-rainwater power generation unit and a wind power generation mechanism, and wind power, solar energy and rainwater are utilized for generating power. The power generation method includes the steps of (1) signals are acquired; (2) work modes are judged according to the acquired signals; (3) an executing signal is sent, and an umbrella-shaped opening and closing mechanism conducts corresponding actions according to the executing signal; (4) a tail wing of the wind power generation mechanism is used for judging the wind direction, and a fan impeller rotates to enable a wing power generator to generate power; and (5) electric energy generated by photovoltaic power generation, rainwater power generation and wind power generation is rectified through a rectifier and then stored in a storage battery so as to be used by power supply equipment. Solar energy, wind energy and rainwater are used for generating power, the integrated power generation device can normally work under different weather environments, the energy utilization rate is increased, practicability is high, and application and popularization are facilitated.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of new energy power generation, more particularly, it relates to a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integration is sent out Method for electrically.
Background technology
Solar energy, wind energy etc. are as the new forms of energy of environmental protection, inexhaustible.Global energy worsening shortages, Under the background that environment goes from bad to worse, solar energy, wind energy, as the clean energy resource of a kind of sustainable use, cause the height of each side Pay close attention to.
In recent years, China's photovoltaic industry is sent out rapidly under the promotion of country's Larger Engineering Projects, popularization plan and international cooperative project Exhibition.As the direction of energy development from now on, solar energy, wind energy are as new forms of energy, and having is not affected by power supply, do not consumes routine The feature such as just can use as long as electric energy is sunny, therefore suffer from the extensive concern of people, free from environmental pollution because of it again, and Being referred to as Green Product, operation expense is cheap, and whole system is run to be and automatically controlled, it is not necessary to human intervention, several Do not produce maintenance cost.But existing solar electrical energy generation is plane due to solar panel major part, and setting angle is Changeless, solar panel cannot sorption enhanced sunlight fully, generated energy can not be guaranteed, it is difficult to sustainable utilization, And common device of solar generating cannot utilize rainwater to generate electricity.Accordingly, it would be desirable to take new technical scheme to solve State problem.
The technical scheme being correlated with about the technical scheme of generation of electricity by new energy is open, such as China Patent No.: ZL201420431568.4, authorized announcement date: on February 4th, 2015, invention and created name is: a kind of solar street light, should Application case discloses a kind of solar street light, and including lamp stand, described lamp stand is provided with at least one illuminating lamp, described lamp stand upper End is provided with solar panel, and solar panel is opening up horn-like structure, solar panel and lamp stand it Between be provided with reinforcing plate, be provided with small opening bottom solar panel, and communicate with inside lamp stand, the vertical section of lamp stand is provided with rainwater TRT, the side of lamp stand is provided with electrical energy storage device.Solar panel is set to horn-like structure by this patent formula, So along with the rotation of the sun, the light-receiving area of solar panel is big, rainy rainwater-collecting can also be entered lamp stand simultaneously Interior impact power generation apparatus by rainwater, utilizes the gravitional force of rainwater to generate electricity.Although the program can shine upon Orientation differences Time be maintained at generating state, but due to the tapered distribution of TRT, it is possible to accept the limited area shined upon.
And for example Chinese Patent Application No.: 201320158483.9, the applying date: on April 2nd, 2014, invention and created name is: A kind of energy automatic supplying equipment, including solar panel body, windmill, electric pole, street lamp, described solar panel is originally Body is located on electric pole and is electrically connected with street lamp;Described windmill be located on solar panel body and with solar panel this Body electrically connects, and belongs to the technical field of energy source use.Although this patent formula can utilize wind energy and solar energy simultaneously, but the sun Energy plate generating area is little, and wind-power electricity generation is affected relatively big by wind direction, and generating efficiency has much room for improvement.
Summary of the invention
1. invention to solve the technical problem that
It is an object of the invention to the deficiency overcoming energy utilization rate in prior art relatively low, it is provided that a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater Generating integrated electricity-generating method, utilizes solar energy, wind energy and rainwater to generate electricity, all can normally work under different weather environment, Improve the utilization rate to the energy, it is simple to promote the use of.
2. technical scheme
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme that the present invention provides is:
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation the method for the present invention, utilizes photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated apparatus Generating electricity, generating integration device includes control system, and the photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater being arranged on supporting mechanism And wind generator set, its electricity-generating method is:
1) humidity induction device, in photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater carries out signals collecting, and will gather signal and send to controlling Device;
2), controller be operated mode decision according to moisture signal, if the moisture signal of humidity induction device is judged to the rainy day, Then umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is in and folds collection water state;Otherwise it is in deployed condition;Controller sends and performs signal accordingly;
3) if umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism receives folds execution signal, expansion link driving mechanisms control umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, and collects Rain-impact hydrogenerator carry out rain water electricity generating;If umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism receives expansion and performs signal, expansion link drive mechanism Controlling umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism to launch, photovoltaic module utilizes solar energy to carry out photovoltaic generation;
4) wind generator set gathers wind direction by empennage, and under wind-force effect, the surfaces of revolution of fan blade is vertical with wind direction, fan blade Rotation makes wind turbine power generation;
5), photovoltaic generation, rain water electricity generating and the produced electric energy of wind-power electricity generation are through rectifier rectification, and electric energy is stored in electric power storage In pond, electricity supply and use equipment uses.
As further improvement of the present invention, described wind generator set includes wind-driven generator, fan blade and empennage, passes through The surfaces of revolution that empennage controls fan blade is vertical with wind direction;Described wind-driven generator is by generator support and second in supporting mechanism Support is connected, and wind-driven generator is rotationally connected with generator support.
As further improvement of the present invention, described fan blade is arranged in the rotating shaft of wind-driven generator, and empennage is by empennage even Bar is fixed on the housing of wind-driven generator, and the panel of empennage is perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade and is vertically arranged.
As further improvement of the present invention, described photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater includes photovoltaic module and umbrella shape opening-closing machine Structure, under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism deployed condition, photovoltaic module accepts sunlight and generates electricity;At umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism collapse state Under, forming rainwater-collecting mouth, collected rainwater generates electricity through hydrogenerator.
As further improvement of the present invention, described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism includes umbrella stand center-pole, folding drive mechanism, upper pressure Contracting sleeve, lower compression sleeve, compression spring and base for fixing umbrella, described base for fixing umbrella is slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole, lower compression Sleeve, compression spring and upper compression sleeve are sleeved on umbrella stand center-pole the most successively, and upper compression sleeve and umbrella stand center Bar fixes;Being respectively connected with support wire on described lower compression sleeve and upper compression sleeve, folding driving mechanisms control base for fixing umbrella is upper and lower Motion realizes gathering and the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism.
As further improvement of the present invention, described photovoltaic module includes mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly and flexible thin-film solar group Part, the support wire in described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is provided with waterproof cloth;Waterproof cloth side upwards is provided with the fexible film sun Energy assembly, described mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly is arranged on the outer rim of waterproof cloth by pull slide bar or knuckle mode;Described monocrystal silicon Solar components is provided with, with on flexible thin-film solar assembly, the humidity induction device electrically connected with control system middle controller.
As further improvement of the present invention, described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is by guide support and the first support in supporting mechanism Hinged;Described folding drive mechanism includes that expansion link, described first support and the second support are oppositely arranged, expansion link one end and the Two supports are hinged, and the telescopic end of expansion link is connected with base for fixing umbrella, and this base for fixing umbrella is slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole, flexible Bar drive mechanism is electrically connected with the controller, and is swung by expansion link driving mechanisms control guide support.
As further improvement of the present invention, described base for fixing umbrella is slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole by inner sliding sleeve, at umbrella stand At least 5 base water inlets are formed between base outer perimeter and inner sliding sleeve;Base for fixing umbrella lower end connect have mozzle, this mozzle with The water delivery sleeve pipe being arranged on guide support coordinates and dredges current and enter the internal cavities of guide support.
As further improvement of the present invention, two hinged legs of described guide support are guide support outlet, this water conservancy diversion Water flow pipes connection in support outlet and the first support;The outlet of described water flow pipes leads to the water wheels of hydrogenerator, current Impact water wheels rotate and generate electricity.
As further improvement of the present invention, described control system also includes commutator and controller, solar energy, wind-force, water Power is generated electricity and is stored in controller passes to accumulator after being rectified, and is powered to electrical equipment by accumulator.
3. beneficial effect
The technical scheme using the present invention to provide, compared with prior art, has the advantages that
(1) a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the present invention, can utilize solar energy under fair weather Generate electricity with wind energy, may utilize wind energy and rainwater generates electricity in the rainy day, it is ensured that electrical equipment all can under different weather Normal work;
(2) a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the present invention, in wind generator set by empennage even Bar connects empennage, and empennage panel is perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade and is vertically arranged, and adds empennage by empennage connecting rod And the distance between electromotor, in the case of having wind, empennage panel wind-engaging power impact can turn to the position parallel with wind direction, this Time fan blade the surfaces of revolution vertical with wind direction, there is bigger windward side, the rotating speed making fan blade is maximum, and wind power generation efficiency is High;
(3) a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the present invention, set photovoltaic module is positioned at umbrella shape and opens Closing mechanism, the flexible thin-film solar assembly used can invest waterproof cloth surface by note, it is possible to folds and folds;In umbrella shape folding Under the state of mechanism deploying, there is bigger light energy absorption face, and can by the gradient of expansion link regulation umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, Improve the utilization rate of solar energy;
(4) a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the present invention, when umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, Define rainwater-collecting mouth, this rainwater-collecting mouth opening upwards, collected rainwater enters guide support by base water inlet, Finally impact water wheels rotate and generate electricity, it is ensured that device also is able to normal power generation in the rainy day and uses.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is photovoltaic-wind-force in the present invention-rain water electricity generating integrated apparatus overall structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is photovoltaic-wind-force in the present invention-rain water electricity generating integrated apparatus concrete structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the distributed architecture schematic diagram of solar components on umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of base water inlet in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the positional structure schematic diagram of upper and lower compression sleeve in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is mozzle and the position relationship schematic diagram of water delivery sleeve pipe in the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the internal structure schematic diagram of water delivery sleeve pipe in the present invention;
Fig. 9 is water delivery sleeve pipe and the attachment structure schematic diagram of umbrella stand center-pole in the present invention;
Figure 10 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of guide support and the first hinged seat in the present invention;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of expansion link in the present invention;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of hydrogenerator in the present invention.
Label declaration in schematic diagram: 1, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater;11, mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly;12, flexible Thin film solar assembly;121, rainwater-collecting mouth;13, pull slide bar;141, umbrella stand center-pole;142, upper compression sleeve; 143, lower compression sleeve;144, compression spring;145, support wire;15, base for fixing umbrella;151, base water inlet;152, interior Sliding sleeve;153, mozzle;16, guide support;161, guide support outlet;17, the first hinged seat;171, the first hinge Spindle;18, water delivery sleeve pipe;181, center-pole connecting plate;182, fair water sleeves;2, wind generator set;21, wind-force is sent out Motor;22, fan blade;23, wheel hub;24, empennage;25, empennage connecting rod;26, generator support;3, supporting mechanism; 31, main strut;32, the first support;33, water flow pipes;34, the second support;35, expansion link;351, expansion link outer tube; 352, expansion link inner tube;353, the second hinged seat;354, the 3rd hinged seat;355, expansion link drive mechanism;36, structure Strengthen bar;4, base;41, base cabinet;42, hydrogenerator;421, water wheel motor bearing;43, commutator;44、 Controller;45, accumulator;46, drain pipe.
Detailed description of the invention
For further appreciating that present disclosure, the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Embodiment 1
In conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the present embodiment, including photovoltaic generation- Power generation apparatus by rainwater 1, supporting mechanism 3, wind generator set 2 and control system, the photovoltaic generation-rainwater in the present embodiment is sent out Electric installation 1, wind generator set 2 are each attached on supporting mechanism 3, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 and wind-driven generator The electric energy that structure 2 is converted is stored in the accumulator 45 of control system and powers for other electrical equipments.
Supporting mechanism 3 in the present embodiment includes main strut the 31, first support 32 and the second support 34, the first support 32 and Two supports 34 are arranged on the upper end of main strut 31, and both are oppositely arranged, and wind generator set 2 is arranged on the second support 34, Photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 is arranged on the first support 32, in order to strengthen structure, at the second support 34 and main strut 31 Between be provided with structure strengthen bar 36.
In conjunction with Fig. 2, the wind generator set 2 in the present embodiment includes wind-driven generator 21, fan blade 22 and empennage 24, logical Crossing empennage 24, to control the surfaces of revolution of fan blade 22 vertical with wind direction.More specifically, fan blade 22 is by wheel hub 23 and wind-force Electromotor 21 is connected, and wind-driven generator 21 is connected with the second support 34 in supporting mechanism 3 by generator support 26, and Wind-driven generator 21 is rotationally connected with generator support 26, makes wind-driven generator 21 to rotate by relative generator support 26, Can adjust the surfaces of revolution of fan blade 22 according to wind direction, this surfaces of revolution is the periphery that fan blade 22 is formed when rotating.
In order to reach bigger wind power generation efficiency, fan blade 22 is arranged in the rotating shaft of wind-driven generator 21, and empennage 24 passes through Empennage connecting rod 25 is fixed on the housing of wind-driven generator 21, and the panel of empennage 24 be perpendicular to fan blade 22 the surfaces of revolution and It is vertically arranged.Empennage connecting rod 25 adds the distance between empennage 24 and wind-driven generator 21, is equivalent to add the arm of force, even if There is less wind-force, wind-driven generator 21 also can be promoted to rotate and adjust surfaces of revolution orientation.The present embodiment is the panel of empennage 24 It is perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade 22 and is vertically arranged, on the one hand, can have bigger lifting surface area by being vertically arranged;Another Aspect, empennage panel is perpendicular to fan blade 22, when wind-force promotes empennage 24 parallel with wind direction, the surfaces of revolution of fan blade 22 with Wind direction is vertical, has bigger windward side, and fan blade 22 rotating speed is the fastest, and generating efficiency is the highest.
Embodiment 2
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation the method for the present embodiment, its basic structure is same as in Example 1, its Difference is: the photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 of the present embodiment includes photovoltaic module and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, in umbrella shape Under open-and-close mechanism deployed condition, photovoltaic module accepts sunlight and generates electricity;Under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism collapse state, form rain Water collection port 121, collected rainwater generates electricity through hydrogenerator 42.
Specifically, in conjunction with Fig. 3, umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism include umbrella stand center-pole 141, folding drive mechanism, upper compression sleeve 142, Lower compression sleeve 143, compression spring 144 and base for fixing umbrella 15.Described base for fixing umbrella 15 is slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole 141, As shown in Figure 6, lower compression sleeve 143, compression spring 144 and upper compression sleeve 142 are sleeved in umbrella stand the most successively On core bar 141, and upper compression sleeve 142 fixes with umbrella stand center-pole 141, prevents it from sliding up and down and causes whole mechanism Cannot launch.Support wire 145, folding driving mechanisms control umbrella it is respectively connected with on described lower compression sleeve 143, upper compression sleeve 142 Frame base 15 moves up and down and realizes gathering and the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism.
As shown in Figure 4, the photovoltaic module in the present embodiment includes mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 and flexible thin-film solar assembly 12, the support wire 145 in described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is provided with waterproof cloth, arranges according to the structure of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, rainproof Cloth may select different set-up modes, can be common waterproof material, it is possible to for elastomeric material or by stacking arrange can Folding up and down.Waterproof cloth side upwards is provided with flexible thin-film solar assembly 12, and waterproof cloth is divided into eight by support wire 145 Block, flexible thin-film solar assembly 12 is arranged on every piece of waterproof cloth, and every piece of flexible thin-film solar assembly 12 is by fexible film Solaode band divides multirow to be attached on waterproof cloth composition, and time actually used, concrete line number and rainproof cloth number can be according to actual needs Select.Using serial or parallel connection mode to connect between flexible thin-film solar assembly 12, the present embodiment is preferably coupled in series.
Described mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 is arranged on the outer rim of waterproof cloth, when umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, and adjacent support wire 145 The most intermarginal spacing inherently reduces, and is therefore provided with pull slide bar 13, mono-crystalline silicon solar group between adjacent support wire 145 top Part 11 is arranged on pull slide bar 13, can control pull slide bar 13 by support wire 145 and shortens or elongate, mono-crystalline silicon solar group The length of part 11 folds the spacing on rear adjacent support wire 145 top equal to umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, folds shape at umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism Under state, each mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 will not interfere.Mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 is also classified into eight pieces of generating sheets and arranges Coupled in series between waterproof cloth outer rim, generating sheet.Mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 is produced with flexible thin-film solar assembly 12 Raw electric energy is transmitted after confluxing, and stores to accumulator after over commutation.
It should be noted that be provided with humidity inductive on mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 with flexible thin-film solar assembly 12 Device, the controller that perceptual signal is transferred in control system by induction installation, then the corresponding signal that performs of controller issue drives Dynamic umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism launches or folds, it is achieved Based Intelligent Control.
Embodiment 3
In conjunction with Fig. 3, a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the present embodiment, its basic structure and embodiment 2 Identical, its difference is: in the present embodiment, the set-up mode of mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 is different, mono-crystalline silicon solar group Part 11 is made up of left and right two parts, the flexible folding in mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 middle part, forms one by knuckle mode Individual angle, is similar to triangle both sides sum more than the 3rd limit principle.It should be noted that the length of mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 Spend identical with the spacing on adjacent support wire 145 top, it is ensured that after umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism launches, mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 is opened up completely Open.When umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, adjacent support wire 145 top spacing reduces, mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly about 11 two parts Avoiding interference with towards the direction bending contrary with umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, not affecting umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism launches or folds, the most not The hands affecting rainwater is collected.The design of this structure has bigger light-receiving area relative to embodiment 2, and generating efficiency is higher.
Embodiment 4
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation the method for the present embodiment, its basic structure is same as in Example 2, its Difference is: described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is hinged with the first support 32 in supporting mechanism 3 by guide support 16, institute Stating folding drive mechanism and include expansion link 35, expansion link 35 one end is hinged with the second support 34, the telescopic end of expansion link 35 with Base for fixing umbrella 15 is connected, and this base for fixing umbrella 15 is slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole 141, by expansion link drive mechanism 355 Control guide support 16 to swing.
More specifically, expansion link 35 includes expansion link outer tube 351 and expansion link inner tube 352, as shown in figure 11, flexible Being provided with expansion link drive mechanism 355 on bar outer tube 351, expansion link drive mechanism 355 electrically connects with controller 44, by stretching Contracting bar drive mechanism 355 controls expansion link inner tube 352 and stretches.Additionally, expansion link outer tube 351 by the 3rd hinged seat 354 with Second support 34 is connected, and expansion link inner tube 352 is connected with base for fixing umbrella 15 by the second hinged seat 353.When expansion link inner tube 352 when stretching out, and guide support 16 can swing to the right, and base for fixing umbrella 15 is pushed upwardly simultaneously, and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism launches; When expansion link inner tube 352 folds, guide support 16 swings to the left, until stopping when being in vertical position, now rainwater-collecting Mouth 121 is the most upward, it is simple to rainwater-collecting.
Embodiment 5
In conjunction with Fig. 4, Fig. 5, a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method of the present embodiment, its basic structure and reality Executing example 4 identical, its difference is: in umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, and base for fixing umbrella 15 is by inner sliding sleeve 152 and umbrella stand center Bar 141 is slidably connected, and is connected by grid between inner sliding sleeve 152 in base for fixing umbrella 15 periphery, forms base between grid Water inlet 151, in order to ensure water velocity, at least 5 base water inlets 151, the present embodiment on a base for fixing umbrella 15 In be provided with 8.Base for fixing umbrella 15 lower end connects mozzle 153, and this mozzle 153 is connected with base water inlet 151. Mozzle 153 lower end coordinates with the water delivery sleeve pipe 18 being arranged on guide support 16 and dredges current and enter in guide support 16 Portion's cavity.
More specifically, seeing Fig. 8, Fig. 9, water delivery sleeve pipe 18 includes center-pole connecting plate 181 and fair water sleeves 182, in Core bar connecting plate 181 is arranged at equal intervals along water delivery sleeve side walls, and the inner side of center-pole connecting plate 181 is solid with umbrella stand center-pole 141 Even.Adjacent center-pole connecting plate 181 forms flowing water entrance, and current can enter the internal cavities of guide support 16.Set Fair water sleeves 182 is positioned at water delivery sleeve pipe 18 upper end, and its inwall radius differs 0.5~1.3mm with mozzle 153 outer edge radius.When When base for fixing umbrella 15 is snapped down to bottommost, as it is shown in fig. 7, mozzle 153 can be easily inserted in fair water sleeves 182, Er Qieqi Bound fraction adds structural strength, when wind-force is bigger, can alleviate the infringement to center-pole connecting plate 181, form dual company Connecing, it is ensured that the stability of structure, service life is long.
Seeing Figure 10, two hinged legs of described guide support 16 are guide support outlet 161, on the first support 32 Being provided with the first hinged seat 17, this first hinged seat 17 is picked up the ears to be arranged in parallel by two and is formed, two pick up the ears between part with first The inner chamber of frame 32 communicates.The first jointed shaft 171 it is transversely provided with, two hinged legs of guide support 16 on first hinged seat 17 Block the first jointed shaft 171, and guide support outlet 161 connects with the water flow pipes 33 in the first support 32, water flow pipes The outlet of 33 leads to the water wheels of hydrogenerator 42, and water impact water wheels rotate and generate electricity, it is achieved that utilize rainwater to carry out sending out Electricity.
Embodiment 6
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation the method for the present embodiment, its basic structure is same as in Example 5, its Difference is: be connected with the base cabinet 41 in base 4 bottom main strut 31;Control system and hydrogenerator 42 are equal It is arranged on base cabinet 41 internal.Described control system includes commutator 43 and controller 44, solar energy, wind-force, waterpower institute Generating stores after being rectified device 43 rectification in controller 44 passes to accumulator 45, is supplied to electrical equipment by accumulator 45 Electricity.Hydrogenerator 42 is arranged on main strut 31 bottom, makes water wheels relative with water flow pipes 33, it is simple to hydroelectric generation.At base Casing 41 sidewall is additionally provided with drain pipe 46, and this drain pipe 46 connects the discharge outlet of hydrogenerator 42, is discharged by rainwater.For Prevent hydrogenerator 42 from making moist and damaging, as shown in figure 12, water wheel motor bearing is set bottom hydrogenerator 42 421, to protect hydrogenerator 42.
Above example is not limited to cited content, between each scheme can organic assembling according to actual needs, for being given above The apparatus structure gone out, its concrete using method is:
1), humidity induction device carries out signals collecting in photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1, and will gather signal and send to controlling Device 44;
2), controller 44 is operated mode decision according to moisture signal, if there being the moisture signal of humidity induction device to be judged to rain My god, then umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is in collection water state;Otherwise it is in deployed condition.Herein for accurately determining whether to rain, permissible Set multiple humidity induction device and jointly carry out weather judgement, if there being the moisture signal of 6 humidity induction devices to be judged to the rainy day, Then start to perform corresponding operating.
3) if umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism receives folds execution signal, expansion link drive mechanism 355 controls umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism and folds, The rain-impact hydrogenerator collected carries out rain water electricity generating;If umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism receives expansion and performs signal, expansion link drives Mechanism 355 controls umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism and launches, and photovoltaic module utilizes solar energy to carry out photovoltaic generation.
Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is received to catchmenting in state procedure, and expansion link drive mechanism 355 controls expansion link inner tube 352 and bounces back, umbrella Frame base 15 near expansion link 35 1 side oscillation, works as guide support to umbrella stand center-pole 141 basal sliding, guide support 16 16 when being positioned at vertical position, and mozzle 153 snaps in fair water sleeves 182, can carry out rainwater-collecting;Collected rainwater is by base Water inlet 151 enters mozzle 153, then enters guide support 16 inner chamber between center-pole connecting plate 181, then through leading Stream support outlet 161 enters water flow pipes 33, and the water wheels finally flowing out impact hydrogenerator 42 generate electricity, after utilization Rainwater is discharged by drain pipe 46.
During umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism launches, expansion link drive mechanism 355 controls expansion link inner tube 352 and stretches out, base for fixing umbrella 15 To umbrella stand center-pole 141 top slide, guide support 16 is to away from expansion link 35 1 side oscillation, and waterproof cloth launches, monocrystal silicon Solar components 11 and flexible thin-film solar assembly 12 can accept luminous energy and carry out photovoltaic generation.
4), wind generator set 2 be in generating state at any time, gather wind direction by empennage 24, fan blade under wind-force effect The surfaces of revolution of 22 is vertical with wind direction, and fan blade 22 rotates and makes wind-driven generator 21 generate electricity.
5), photovoltaic generation, rain water electricity generating and the produced electric energy of wind-power electricity generation are through commutator 43 rectification, and electric energy is stored in storage In battery 45, electricity supply and use equipment uses.
The present invention can utilize solar energy and wind energy to generate electricity under fair weather, may utilize wind energy and rainwater carries out sending out in the rainy day Electricity, it is ensured that all can be normally carried out power generation operation under different weather, improve the utilization rate of the energy, it is simple to promote the use of, Meet the policy requirements of national development new forms of energy.
Schematically being described the present invention and embodiment thereof above, this description does not has restricted, shown in accompanying drawing yet Simply one of embodiments of the present invention, actual structure is not limited thereto.So, if those of ordinary skill in the art Enlightened by it, in the case of without departing from the invention objective, design the knot similar to this technical scheme without creative Structure mode and embodiment, all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method, it is characterised in that: utilize photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating one Body gasifying device generates electricity, and generating integration device includes control system, and is arranged on the photovoltaic generation on supporting mechanism (3) -power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) and wind generator set (2), its electricity-generating method is:
1), the humidity induction device in photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) carries out signals collecting, and general's collection signal transmission To controller (44);
2), controller (44) is operated mode decision according to moisture signal, if the moisture signal of humidity induction device is judged to Rainy day, then umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is in and folds collection water state;Otherwise it is in deployed condition;Controller (44) sends corresponding execution Signal;
3) if umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism receives folds execution signal, expansion link drive mechanism (355) controls umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism and folds, The rain-impact hydrogenerator collected carries out rain water electricity generating;If umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism receives expansion and performs signal, expansion link drives Mechanism (355) controls umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism and launches, and photovoltaic module utilizes solar energy to carry out photovoltaic generation;
4) wind generator set (2) gathers wind direction, the surfaces of revolution of fan blade (22) under wind-force effect by empennage (24) Vertical with wind direction, fan blade (22) rotates and makes wind-driven generator (21) generate electricity;
5), photovoltaic generation, rain water electricity generating and the produced electric energy of wind-power electricity generation are through commutator (43) rectification, and electric energy is stored In accumulator (45), electricity supply and use equipment uses.
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Wind generator set (2) includes wind-driven generator (21), fan blade (22) and empennage (24), is controlled by empennage (24) The surfaces of revolution of fan blade (22) is vertical with wind direction;Described wind-driven generator (21) is by generator support (26) and the machine of support The second support (34) in structure (3) is connected, and wind-driven generator (21) is rotationally connected with generator support (26).
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Fan blade (22) is arranged in the rotating shaft of wind-driven generator (21), and empennage (24) is fixed on wind by empennage connecting rod (25) On the housing of power generator (21), and the panel of empennage (24) is perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade (22) and is vertically arranged.
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) include photovoltaic module and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism deployed condition, Photovoltaic module accepts sunlight and generates electricity;Under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism collapse state, form rainwater-collecting mouth (121), received Collection rainwater generates electricity through hydrogenerator (42).
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism include umbrella stand center-pole (141), folding drive mechanism, upper compression sleeve (142), lower compression sleeve (143), Compression spring (144) and base for fixing umbrella (15), described base for fixing umbrella (15) is slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole (141), under Compression sleeve (143), compression spring (144) and upper compression sleeve (142) are sleeved on umbrella stand center-pole (141) the most successively On, and upper compression sleeve (142) fixes with umbrella stand center-pole (141);Described lower compression sleeve (143) and upper wedging ring Being respectively connected with support wire (145) on cylinder (142), folding driving mechanisms control base for fixing umbrella (15) moves up and down and realizes umbrella shape folding The gathering of mechanism and expansion.
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described Photovoltaic module includes mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly (11) and flexible thin-film solar assembly (12), in described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism Support wire is provided with waterproof cloth on (145);Flexible thin-film solar assembly (12) it is provided with in waterproof cloth side upwards, described Mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly (11) is arranged on the outer rim of waterproof cloth by pull slide bar (13) or knuckle mode;Described monocrystal silicon It is provided with on solar components (11) and flexible thin-film solar assembly (12) and is electrically connected with control system middle controller (44) The humidity induction device connect.
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is hinged with the first support (32) in supporting mechanism (3) by guide support (16);Described folding drives Mechanism includes that expansion link (35), described first support (32) are oppositely arranged with the second support (34), expansion link (35) one end Hinged with the second support (34), the telescopic end of expansion link (35) is connected with base for fixing umbrella (15), this base for fixing umbrella (15) Being slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole (141), expansion link drive mechanism (355) electrically connects with controller (44), by flexible Bar drive mechanism (355) controls guide support (16) and swings.
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: described Base for fixing umbrella (15) is slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole (141), in base for fixing umbrella (15) periphery by inner sliding sleeve (152) And form at least 5 base water inlets (151) between inner sliding sleeve (152);Base for fixing umbrella (15) lower end connects mozzle (153), This mozzle (153) coordinates with the water delivery sleeve pipe (18) being arranged on guide support (16) and dredges current and enter guide support (16) internal cavities.
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: described Two hinged legs of guide support (16) are guide support outlet (161), this guide support outlet (161) and first Water flow pipes (33) connection in support (32);The outlet of described water flow pipes (33) leads to the water of hydrogenerator (42) Wheel, water impact water wheels rotate and generate electricity.
A kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rain water electricity generating integrated power generation method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute Stating control system and also include commutator (43) and controller (44), solar energy, wind-force, waterpower are generated electricity after being rectified through control Device processed passes to storage in accumulator (45), is powered to electrical equipment by accumulator (45).
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