CN105656396B - A kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating - Google Patents

A kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105656396B
CN105656396B CN201610202893.7A CN201610202893A CN105656396B CN 105656396 B CN105656396 B CN 105656396B CN 201610202893 A CN201610202893 A CN 201610202893A CN 105656396 B CN105656396 B CN 105656396B
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water
rainwater
building
flat
umbrella
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CN105656396A (en
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袁银梅
李文科
贾虎
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/20Systems characterised by their energy storage means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S30/00Structural details of PV modules other than those related to light conversion
    • H02S30/20Collapsible or foldable PV modules
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/14Extreme weather resilient electric power supply systems, e.g. strengthening power lines or underground power cables
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of flat-topped building integrated systems of photovoltaic generation rain water electricity generating, belong to energy power field.The present invention arranges at least three composite generating set in flat-top building body top array;Photovoltaic generation rainwater power generator in the composite generating set is fixed on supporting mechanism, and photovoltaic generation rainwater power generator is generated electricity using sunlight or collection rainwater, and the power storage converted is in the accumulator of control system;Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism passes through the mechanism deploying generation mode different from folding realization in photovoltaic generation rainwater power generator;The outer eaves of the roof of flat-top building body raises up, and roof rainwater is made to flow down impact water wheels from building body water pipe and carries out hydroelectric generation.The present invention sets electricity generation system on roof, is generated electricity using solar energy, rainwater, can carry out power generation operation in fine day and rainy day, improve the utilization rate to the energy, highly practical, convenient for promoting the use of.

Description

A kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating
Technical field
The present invention relates to energy source utilizing electricity generating techn field, more specifically to a kind of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rainwater The integrated system of power generation.
Background technology
Solar energy, wind energy etc. are inexhaustible as environmentally protective new energy.It is increasingly short in global energy It lacks, under the background of environment worsening, solar energy, wind energy cause various aspects as a kind of clean energy resource of sustainable use It pays high attention to.
In recent years, China's photovoltaic industry is under the promotion of national Larger Engineering Projects, popularization plan and international cooperative project It rapidly develops.As the direction of energy development from now on, application of solar energy to housed device, having is not influenced by power supply, is not consumed As long as conventional electric energy, it is sunny the features such as, therefore get more and more people's extensive concerning, and because its is free from environmental pollution, and It is referred to as green product, operation expense is cheap, and whole system operation is to automatically control, several without human intervention Do not generate maintenance cost.However existing solar power generation is largely plane, and setting angle due to solar panel It is changeless, solar panel can not fully sorption enhanced sunlight, generated energy cannot be guaranteed, it is difficult to continue profit With, and common device of solar generating can not be generated electricity using rainwater.Therefore, it is necessary to take new technical solution to solve The certainly above problem.
Technical solution about generation of electricity by new energy has relevant technical solution and discloses, such as Chinese Patent Application No.: 201310119442.3 the applying date:On April 8th, 2013, invention and created name are:Integral solar energy roof electricity generation system, should Application case discloses a kind of integrated solar energy roof electricity generation system, including:Multiple solar panel groups, each solar energy Cell plate group includes:Multiple solar panels, thereon, lower edge splice successively, lateral margin be aligned in line, form the solar energy Cell plate group, multiple fixation kits are set at the splicing seams of the solar panel and multiple water deflectors, are fixedly installed on On the splicing seams of the upper surface of two pieces of adjacent solar panels, to cover the splicing seams, multiple sink parts, the sink part The surface on the roof is fixed on, and between two adjacent solar panel groups, with two adjacent solar cells Plate group is closely spliced, wherein, each sink part has a groove, for concentrating from two adjacent solar panel group streams Under rainwater and guide rainwater discharge roof and multiple supporting and fixing seats, be fixed on roof, for the solar panel Group connection, so as to which the solar panel group is fixed on roof.Although the program can utilize solar energy roof into Row power generation, but energy utilization rate is low, and the rainy day can not use.
For another example Chinese Patent Application No.:201320158483.9 the applying date:On April 2nd, 2014, invention and created name are: A kind of energy automatic supplying equipment, including solar panel ontology, windmill, electric pole, street lamp, the solar panel ontology It is electrically connected on electric pole and with street lamp;The windmill be set on solar panel ontology on and with solar panel sheet Body is electrically connected, and belongs to the technical field of energy source use.Although the patent formula can utilize wind energy and solar energy, the sun simultaneously Energy plate generating area is small, and wind-power electricity generation is affected by wind direction, and generating efficiency is to be improved.
Invention content
1. technical problems to be solved by the inivention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the shortcomings of that energy utilization rate is relatively low in the prior art, a kind of flat-topped building is provided With the integrated system of photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating, the structure of the system combination flat-topped building utilizes solar energy, wind energy and rainwater It generates electricity, can be worked normally under different weather environment, the utilization rate to the energy be improved, convenient for promoting the use of.
2. technical solution
In order to achieve the above objectives, technical solution provided by the invention is:
A kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating of the present invention, is set at the top of flat-top building body At least three composite generating set, the composite generating set array arrangement;The composite generating set includes photovoltaic generation-rainwater Power generator, supporting mechanism and control system, the photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater are fixed on supporting mechanism, photovoltaic Power generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater is generated electricity using sunlight or collection rainwater, and the power storage converted is in the storage of control system In battery;The outer eaves of the roof of flat-top building body raises up, and roof rainwater is made to flow down impact large size water wheels from building body water pipe The water wheels of generator carry out hydroelectric generation, and electric energy produced by large size hydrogenerator is produced electricl energy with composite generating set is jointly Power supply for electrical equipment.
As further improvement of the present invention, the building body water pipe is vertically arranged in the side wall of flat-top building body, Lou Tishui The water outlet of pipe leads to the water inlet of large size hydrogenerator;Large size hydrogenerator water outlet passes through bottom of the building drainpipe and water storage Pond connects, and rainwater, which is discharged in cistern, carries out secondary use.
As further improvement of the present invention, the control system includes rectifier and controller, solar energy, rainwater institute Power generation is passed in accumulator through controller after being rectified and is stored, and is powered by accumulator to other equipment.
As further improvement of the present invention, the photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater includes photovoltaic module and umbrella Shape open-and-close mechanism, under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism unfolded state, photovoltaic module receives sunlight and generates electricity;In umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism Under collapse state, rainwater-collecting mouth is formed, collected rainwater generates electricity by hydrogenerator.
As further improvement of the present invention, the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism include opening and closing driving mechanism, umbrella stand center-pole, Upper compression sleeve, lower compression sleeve, compressed spring and base for fixing umbrella, the base for fixing umbrella are slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole, under Compression sleeve, compressed spring and upper compression sleeve are sleeved on umbrella stand center-pole successively from the bottom to top, and upper compression sleeve and umbrella Frame center-pole is mutually fixed;Support wire, opening and closing driving mechanism control umbrella stand are respectively connected on the lower compression sleeve and upper compression sleeve Pedestal, which moves up and down, realizes the gathering and expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism.
As further improvement of the present invention, the photovoltaic module includes mono-crystalline silicon solar component and fexible film too It is positive can component, be provided with waterproof cloth in the support wire in the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism;It is flexible in the upward side setting of waterproof cloth Thin film solar component, the mono-crystalline silicon solar component are arranged on the outer rim of waterproof cloth by pull slide bar or dog-ear mode; The mono-crystalline silicon solar component is with being both provided with what is be electrically connected with controller in control system on flexible thin-film solar component Humidity induction device.
As further improvement of the present invention, the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism passes through the master in guide support and supporting mechanism Strut is hinged;The opening and closing driving mechanism includes telescopic rod and angle connecting rod, and telescopic rod one end is hinged with main strut, telescopic rod Telescopic end is connected by angle connecting rod with base for fixing umbrella, which is slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole, passes through telescopic rod Driving mechanisms control guide support is swung.
As further improvement of the present invention, the base for fixing umbrella is slidably connected by inner sliding sleeve and umbrella stand center-pole, At least five pedestal water inlet is formed between base for fixing umbrella periphery and inner sliding sleeve;Base for fixing umbrella lower end is connected with diversion pipe, this is led Flow tube and the water delivery casing being arranged on guide support coordinate and dredge the internal cavities that flow enters guide support.
As further improvement of the present invention, two hinged stabilizer blades of the guide support are guide support water outlet, The guide support water outlet is connected with the water flow pipes in main strut;The water outlet of the water flow pipes leads to the water of hydrogenerator Wheel, water impact water wheels are rotated and are generated electricity.
As further improvement of the present invention, the control system and hydrogenerator are arranged in base cabinet, The water inlet of hydrogenerator is connected with the water outlet of water flow pipes.
3. advantageous effect
Using technical solution provided by the invention, compared with prior art, have the advantages that:
(1) integrated system of a kind of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating of the invention, can under fair weather It uses solar energy for power generation, can be generated electricity in the rainy day using rainwater, ensure that electrical equipment can under different weather Normal work;In addition, rainwater collects at the top of building body again in composite generating set after once generating electricity, rainwater is through building Body water pipe impacts large size hydrogenerator and generates electricity, and rainwater is reused, and energy utilization rate improves;
(2) integrated system of a kind of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating of the invention, set photovoltaic module Positioned at umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, used flexible thin-film solar component can note invest waterproof cloth surface, can fold and fold; In the state of the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, there is larger light energy absorption face, and can umbrella shape folding be adjusted by telescopic rod The gradient of mechanism improves the utilization rate of solar energy;
(3) integrated system of a kind of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating of the invention is received in umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism In the state of conjunction, form rainwater-collecting mouth, the rainwater-collecting mouth opening upwards, collected rainwater by pedestal water inlet into Enter guide support, finally impact water wheels rotation and generate electricity, ensure that device also being capable of normal power generation use in the rainy day;
(4) integrated system of a kind of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating of the invention, in solar power generation and rain Between water hair point can automatic conversion, and different functions only can be achieved with by a device, saves materials'use, structure Ingenious, principle is simple, convenient for promoting the use of.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of building power generation integrated system in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is composite generating set overall structure diagram in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is composite generating set concrete structure schematic diagram in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the distributed architecture schematic diagram of solar components on umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structure diagram of pedestal water inlet in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the positional structure schematic diagram of upper and lower compression sleeve in the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the position relationship schematic diagram of diversion pipe and water delivery casing in the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the internal structure schematic diagram of water delivery casing in the present invention;
Figure 10 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of water delivery casing and umbrella stand center-pole in the present invention;
Figure 11 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of guide support and the first hinged seat in the present invention;
Figure 12 is the structure diagram of telescopic rod in the present invention;
Figure 13 is the structure diagram of hydrogenerator in the present invention;
Figure 14 is using the structure diagram of the supporting mechanism of branched structure in the present invention.
Label declaration in schematic diagram:1st, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater;11st, mono-crystalline silicon solar component;12nd, it is soft Property thin film solar component;121st, rainwater-collecting mouth;13rd, pull slide bar;141st, umbrella stand center-pole;142nd, upper compression sleeve; 143rd, lower compression sleeve;144th, compressed spring;145th, support wire;15th, base for fixing umbrella;151st, pedestal water inlet;152nd, inner sliding sleeve; 153rd, diversion pipe;16th, guide support;161st, guide support water outlet;17th, the first hinged seat;171st, the first articulated shaft;18th, it is defeated Jacket pipe;181st, center-pole connecting plate;182nd, fair water sleeves;2nd, opening and closing driving mechanism;21st, telescopic rod outer tube;22nd, in telescopic rod Pipe;23rd, angle connecting rod;24th, the second hinged seat;25th, telescopic rod driving mechanism;3rd, supporting mechanism;31st, main strut;32nd, first Frame;33rd, water flow pipes;34th, second support;41st, base cabinet;42nd, hydrogenerator;421st, water wheel motor bearing;43rd, rectification Device;44th, controller;45th, accumulator;46th, drainpipe;5th, flat-top building body;61st, building body water pipe;62nd, large size hydrogenerator;63、 Control cabinet;64th, bottom of the building drainpipe;71st, cistern;72nd, suction pump;73rd, drinking-water pipe;74th, overflow pipe;75th, sewer.
Specific embodiment
To further appreciate that present disclosure, the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Embodiment 1
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, a kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment, 5 top setting at least three composite generating set of body, the composite generating set array arrangement, composite generating set packet in flat-top building Include photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1, supporting mechanism 3 and control system, the photovoltaic generation in the present embodiment-rain water electricity generating dress 1 is put to be fixed on supporting mechanism 3, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 using solar energy or or collect rainwater generate electricity, control Rectifier and controller are provided in system processed, is converted for electric energy, the power storage converted is in the accumulator of control system It is other power supply for electrical equipment in 45.According to the length and width of flat-top building body 5, the number of composite generating set does not limit especially System, is the arrangement mode for employing 2x 4 shown in Fig. 1.The main purpose of arrangement is to optimize the space use of roof, each synthesis It will not influence each other between power generator.
The outer eaves of the roof of flat-top building body 5 raises up, and roof is made to collect a part of rainwater, and collected rainwater is from Lou Tishui The water wheels that impact large size hydrogenerator 62 is flowed down in pipe 61 carry out hydroelectric generation, electric energy produced by large size hydrogenerator 62 with Composite generating set is produced electricl energy jointly as power supply for electrical equipment.It is flowed for the ease of flow, the top building body water of flat-top building body 5 It is less than other positions at where 61 entrance of pipe.
Photovoltaic generation-the power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 of the present embodiment includes photovoltaic module and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, in umbrella shape folding Under mechanism deploying state, photovoltaic module receives sunlight and generates electricity;Under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism collapse state, rainwater collection is formed Collect mouth 121, collected rainwater generates electricity by hydrogenerator 42.
Embodiment 2
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of flat-topped building integrated system of photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment is tied substantially Structure is same as Example 1, the difference is that:The building body water pipe 61 of setting is vertically arranged in the side wall of flat-top building body 5, Lou Ti The water outlet of water pipe 61 leads to the water inlet of large size hydrogenerator 62;62 water outlet of large size hydrogenerator passes through bottom of the building draining Pipe 64 is connected with cistern 71, and rainwater, which is discharged in cistern 71, carries out secondary use.It is big in the large size hydrogenerator Number only with respect to model bigger for the hydrogenerator in composite generating set.
Electric power produced by large size hydrogenerator 62 is stored in the accumulator in control cabinet 63, is also set in the control cabinet 63 There are the electric energy such as rectifier, inverter, controller to convert control device, which is routine techniques, without being particularly described.In order to Enough that the water of discharge is reused, rainwater is not directly discharged into sewer by the present embodiment, but passes through 64 row of bottom of the building drainpipe Into cistern 71, can utilize suction pump 72 that the water in cistern 71 is extracted out, by drinking-water pipe 73 for field irrigation or It is other purposes.Since summer rainfall is compared with horn of plenty, flow overflows in order to prevent, and 71 top of cistern is provided with overflow pipe 74, the water outlet of the overflow pipe 74 is connected with sewer 75, can be automatically into sewer 75 when water is more in cistern 71 It overflows.
Embodiment 3
With reference to Fig. 4, a kind of flat-topped building integrated system of photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment is tied substantially Structure is same as Example 2, the difference is that:Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is included in opening and closing driving mechanism 2, umbrella stand in the present embodiment Core bar 141, upper compression sleeve 142, lower compression sleeve 143, compressed spring 144 and base for fixing umbrella 15.The base for fixing umbrella 15 with Umbrella stand center-pole 141 is slidably connected, as shown in fig. 7, lower compression sleeve 143, compressed spring 144 and upper compression sleeve 142 are under It is supreme to be sleeved on successively on umbrella stand center-pole 141, and upper compression sleeve 142 is fixed with 141 phase of umbrella stand center-pole, is prevented above and below it It slides and causes entire mechanism that can not be unfolded.Support wire 145 is respectively connected on the lower compression sleeve 143, upper compression sleeve 142, Opening and closing driving mechanism control base for fixing umbrella 15, which moves up and down, realizes the gathering and expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism.
As shown in figure 5, the photovoltaic module in the present embodiment includes mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 and flexible thin-film solar Component 12 is provided with waterproof cloth in the support wire 145 in the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, according to the structure setting of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, Different set-up modes may be selected in waterproof cloth, can be made for common waterproof material or elastic material or by being stacked It being capable of upper and lower folding.It is provided with flexible thin-film solar component 12 in the upward side of waterproof cloth, support wire 145 is by waterproof cloth etc. It is divided into eight pieces, flexible thin-film solar component 12 is arranged on every piece of waterproof cloth, and every piece of flexible thin-film solar component 12 is by soft Property thin-film solar cells band divides multirow to be attached on waterproof cloth to form, and specific line number and waterproof cloth block number can bases in actual use Actual needs is selected.It is coupled between flexible thin-film solar component 12 using serial or parallel connection mode, the present embodiment is preferred For coupled in series.
The mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 is arranged on the outer rim of waterproof cloth, when umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, adjacent support Intermarginal spacing inherently reduces outside silk 145, therefore pull slide bar 13 is equipped between adjacent 145 top of support wire, and monocrystalline silicon is too Positive energy component 11 is arranged on pull slide bar 13, pull slide bar 13 can control to shorten or elongate by support wire 145, the monocrystalline silicon sun The length of energy component 11 is equal to the spacing that umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds rear 145 top of adjacent support wire, is folded in umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism Under collapse state, each mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 will not interfere.Mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 is also classified into eight pieces of power generations Piece is arranged on waterproof cloth outer rim, coupled in series between power generation sheet.Mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 and flexible thin-film solar component It is transmitted, stores after over commutation to accumulator after electric energy confluence produced by 12.
It should be noted that it is both provided with humidity on mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 and flexible thin-film solar component 12 Perceptual signal is transferred to the controller in control system by sensing device, sensing device, and then controller publication is corresponding performs Signal driving umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism expansion folds, and can also Photoinduction device be set to be used cooperatively with humidity induction device, realized Intelligent control.
Embodiment 4
With reference to Fig. 4, a kind of flat-topped building integrated system of photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment is tied substantially Structure is same as Example 3, the difference is that:The set-up mode of mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 is different in the present embodiment, single Crystal silicon solar component 11 is made of left and right two parts, and the 11 flexible folding in intermediate position of mono-crystalline silicon solar component passes through folding Angle mode shape is more than third side principle in an angle, similar to the sum of triangle both sides.It should be noted that the monocrystalline silicon sun The length of energy component 11 is identical with the spacing on adjacent 145 top of support wire, ensures mono-crystalline silicon solar after the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism Component 11 is fully expanded.When umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, adjacent 145 top spacing of support wire reduces, mono-crystalline silicon solar group 11 or so two parts of part are avoided interference with towards the direction bending opposite with umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, do not influence umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism exhibition It opens or folds, while do not influence the collection of rainwater.This structure design has the light-receiving area of bigger, hair relative to embodiment 2 Electrical efficiency higher.
Embodiment 5
A kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment, basic structure is with implementing Example 3 is identical, the difference is that:The umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism passes through the main strut 31 in guide support 16 and supporting mechanism 3 Hinged, the opening and closing driving mechanism 2 includes telescopic rod and angle connecting rod 23, and telescopic rod one end is hinged with main strut 31, umbrella stand bottom Seat 15 is slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole 141, guide support 16 is controlled to swing by telescopic rod driving mechanism 25.
More specifically, telescopic rod includes telescopic rod outer tube 21 and telescopic rod inner tube 22, as shown in figure 12, outside telescopic rod Telescopic rod driving mechanism 25 is provided on pipe 21, controls telescopic rod inner tube 22 flexible by telescopic rod driving mechanism 25.In addition, it stretches Contracting bar outer tube 21 is articulated and connected by the second hinged seat 24 with main strut 31, and telescopic rod inner tube 22 passes through angle connecting rod 23 and umbrella stand Pedestal 15 is connected, and wherein 23 outer end of angle connecting rod and telescopic rod inner tube 22 is hinged, 23 inner end of angle connecting rod and base for fixing umbrella 15 It is fixedly connected.When telescopic rod inner tube 22 is stretched out, guide support 16 can be swung to the right, while base for fixing umbrella 15 is pushed upwardly, Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is unfolded;When telescopic rod inner tube 22 folds, guide support 16 is swung to the left, is stopped when being in vertical position Only, rainwater-collecting mouth 121 is lucky upward at this time, convenient for rainwater-collecting.
Embodiment 6
With reference to Figure 14, a kind of flat-topped building integrated system of photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment is tied substantially Structure is same as Example 5, the difference is that:Supporting mechanism 3 in the present embodiment includes main strut 31,32 and of first support Second support 34, first support 32 and second support 34 are the Liang Ge branches drawn by main strut 31, and the two is oppositely arranged, and is led It flows stent 16 and the main strut 31 in supporting mechanism 3 is hinged, telescopic rod is hinged with second support 34.The structure design and embodiment Have the function of identical in 4, only employ different supporting forms, telescopic rod is made, apart from bigger, to be easy to guide support 16 Control, the power of required offer is smaller during folding.
Embodiment 7
With reference to Fig. 5, Fig. 6, a kind of flat-topped building integrated system of photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment, base This structure is same as Example 5, the difference is that:In umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, base for fixing umbrella 15 by inner sliding sleeve 152 with Umbrella stand center-pole 141 is slidably connected, and is connected between 15 periphery of base for fixing umbrella and inner sliding sleeve 152 by grid, between grid Pedestal water inlet 151 is formed, in order to ensure water velocity, at least 5 pedestal water inlets 151 on a base for fixing umbrella 15, this 8 are provided in embodiment.15 lower end of base for fixing umbrella is connected with diversion pipe 153, the diversion pipe 153 and 151 phase of pedestal water inlet Connection.153 lower end of diversion pipe coordinates with the water delivery casing 18 being arranged on guide support 16 and dredges flow and enter guide support 16 internal cavities.
More specifically, referring to Fig. 9, Figure 10, water delivery casing 18 includes center-pole connecting plate 181 and fair water sleeves 182, in Core bar connecting plate 181 is set at equal intervals along water delivery sleeve side walls, and the inside of center-pole connecting plate 181 and umbrella stand center-pole 141 are solid Even.Adjacent center-pole connecting plate 181 forms flowing water entrance, and flow can enter the internal cavities of guide support 16.Set Fair water sleeves 182 are located at 18 upper end of water delivery casing, and inner wall radius differs 0.5~1.3mm with 153 outer edge radius of diversion pipe.When When base for fixing umbrella 15 is snapped down to bottommost, as shown in figure 8, diversion pipe 153 can be easily inserted in fair water sleeves 182, and it is tied It closes part and increases structural strength, when wind-force is larger, the damage to center-pole connecting plate 181 can be mitigated, form dual connection, It ensure that the stability of structure, service life is long.
Referring to Figure 11, two hinged stabilizer blades of the guide support 16 are guide support water outlet 161, in first support 32 On be provided with the first hinged seat 17, which picks up the ears to be arranged in parallel by two forms, two pick up the ears between part and first The inner cavity of stent 32 communicates.The first articulated shaft 171, two hinged stabilizer blades of guide support 16 are transversely provided on first hinged seat 17 The first articulated shaft 171 is blocked, and guide support water outlet 161 is connected with the water flow pipes 33 in first support 32, water flow pipes 33 Water outlet lead to the water wheels of hydrogenerator 42, water impact water wheels are rotated and generated electricity, realized and generated electricity using rainwater.
Embodiment 8
A kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment, basic structure is with implementing Example 7 is identical, the difference is that:31 bottom of main strut is connected with base cabinet 41;Control system and hydrogenerator 42 are equal It is arranged on inside base cabinet 41.The control system includes rectifier 43 and controller 44, and solar energy, wind-force, waterpower are sent out Electric energy is rectified after 43 rectification of device to pass in accumulator 45 through controller 44 and store, by accumulator 45 to power supply for electrical equipment. Hydrogenerator 42 is arranged on 31 lower part of main strut, makes water wheels opposite with water flow pipes 33, convenient for hydroelectric generation.In base cabinet 41 Side wall is additionally provided with drainpipe 46, which connects the discharge outlet of hydrogenerator 42, and rainwater is discharged.Water wheels in order to prevent Generator 42 makes moist and damages, as shown in figure 13, the setting water wheel motor bearing 421 in 42 bottom of hydrogenerator, to protect water Turbine generator 42.
Above example is not limited to cited content, between each scheme can organic assembling according to actual needs, for Upper given apparatus structure, specific application method are:
1), humidity induction device carries out signal acquisition, and acquisition signal is sent to controller 44;
2), controller 44 carries out operating mode judgement according to moisture signal, if having more than the humidity of 6 humidity induction devices Signal is determined as the rainy day, then umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is in collection water state;Otherwise it is in unfolded state.Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism receive to In state procedure of catchmenting, telescopic rod driving mechanism 25 controls telescopic rod inner tube 22 to bounce back, and base for fixing umbrella 15 is to umbrella stand center-pole 141 Basal sliding, guide support 16 is to close to one side oscillation of telescopic rod, when guide support 16 is located at vertical position, diversion pipe 153 It is caught in fair water sleeves 182, rainwater-collecting can be carried out;Collected rainwater enters diversion pipe 153 by pedestal water inlet 151, then From 16 inner cavity of guide support is entered between center-pole connecting plate 181, enter water flow pipes 33 using guide support water outlet 161, The water wheels of finally outflow impact hydrogenerator 42 generate electricity, and the rainwater after utilization is discharged by drainpipe 46.
During the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, telescopic rod driving mechanism 25 controls telescopic rod inner tube 22 to stretch out, base for fixing umbrella 15 to 141 top slide of umbrella stand center-pole, and guide support 16 is to far from one side oscillation of telescopic rod, and waterproof cloth expansion, monocrystalline silicon is too Positive energy component 11 and flexible thin-film solar component 12 are subjected to luminous energy and carry out photovoltaic generation.
3), electric energy produced by photovoltaic generation and rain water electricity generating is by 43 rectification of rectifier, and power storage in accumulator Electricity supply and use equipment uses in 45.
4), while composite generating set carries out rain water electricity generating, the rainwater at 5 top of flat-top building body passes through building body water pipe 61 It flows down, the water wheels of rain-impact large size hydrogenerator 62 generate electricity, and generate electricity the accumulator that can be stored in control cabinet 63 Middle electricity supply and use equipment uses.
It should be noted that control system and accumulator therein are the attachment of mechanical mechanism, position sets not office The specific location being limited in the present invention, the electric energy that can be also converted only with an accumulator to whole system are collected, do not have Especially limitation.
The present invention can use solar energy for power generation under fair weather, can be generated electricity in the rainy day using rainwater, protect Power generation operation can be normally carried out under different weather by having demonstrate,proved, and improve the utilization rate of the energy, convenient for promoting the use of, meet state The policy requirements of family's development new energy.
Schematically the present invention and embodiments thereof are described above, this describes no restricted, institute in attached drawing What is shown is also one of embodiments of the present invention, and practical structure is not limited thereto.So if common skill of this field Art personnel are enlightened by it, without departing from the spirit of the invention, are not inventively designed and the technical solution Similar frame mode and embodiment, are within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of flat-topped building integrated system of photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating, it is characterised in that:At the top of flat-top building body (5) At least three composite generating set, the composite generating set array arrangement are set;The composite generating set include photovoltaic generation- Power generation apparatus by rainwater (1), supporting mechanism (3) and control system, the photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) are fixed on branch On support mechanism (3), photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) is generated electricity using sunlight or collection rainwater, the electric energy converted It is stored in the accumulator (45) of control system;The outer eaves of the roof of flat-top building body (5) raises up, and building body water pipe (61) is perpendicular The straight side wall for being arranged on flat-top building body (5), the water outlet of building body water pipe (61) lead to the water inlet of large size hydrogenerator (62), The water wheels that roof rainwater flows down impact large size hydrogenerator (62) from building body water pipe (61) is made to carry out hydroelectric generation, large size water Electric energy produced by turbine generator (62) is produced electricl energy jointly with composite generating set as power supply for electrical equipment;
Photovoltaic generation-the power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) includes photovoltaic module and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, in umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism exhibition Under open state, photovoltaic module receives sunlight and generates electricity;Under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism collapse state, rainwater-collecting mouth is formed (121), collected rainwater generates electricity by hydrogenerator (42);The umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism by guide support (16) with Main strut (31) in supporting mechanism (3) is hinged;The umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism includes opening and closing driving mechanism (2), folding driving Mechanism (2) includes telescopic rod and angle connecting rod (23), and telescopic rod one end is hinged with main strut (31), and the telescopic end of telescopic rod passes through Angle connecting rod (23) is connected with base for fixing umbrella (15), which is slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole (141), passes through Telescopic rod driving mechanism (25) control guide support (16) is swung.
2. a kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating according to claim 1, feature exist In:Large size hydrogenerator (62) water outlet is connected by bottom of the building drainpipe (64) with cistern (71), and rainwater is discharged to storage Secondary use is carried out in pond (71).
3. a kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating according to claim 1, feature exist In:The control system includes rectifier (43) and controller (44), and solar energy, rainwater generate electricity after being rectified through controller It passes in accumulator (45) and stores, powered by accumulator (45) to other equipment.
4. a kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating according to claim 1, feature exist In:The umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism includes opening and closing driving mechanism (2), umbrella stand center-pole (141), upper compression sleeve (142), lower compression Sleeve (143), compressed spring (144) and base for fixing umbrella (15), the base for fixing umbrella (15) is slided with umbrella stand center-pole (141) to be connected It connects, lower compression sleeve (143), compressed spring (144) and upper compression sleeve (142) are sleeved on umbrella stand center-pole successively from the bottom to top (141) on, and upper compression sleeve (142) is mutually fixed with umbrella stand center-pole (141);The lower compression sleeve (143) and upper compression Support wire (145) is respectively connected on sleeve (142), opening and closing driving mechanism (2) control base for fixing umbrella (15), which moves up and down, realizes umbrella shape The gathering and expansion of open-and-close mechanism.
5. a kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating according to claim 1, feature exist In:The photovoltaic module includes mono-crystalline silicon solar component (11) and flexible thin-film solar component (12), the umbrella shape folding Waterproof cloth is provided in support wire (145) in mechanism;The upward side of waterproof cloth is provided with flexible thin-film solar component (12), the mono-crystalline silicon solar component (11) is arranged on the outer rim of waterproof cloth by pull slide bar (13) or dog-ear mode;Institute It states and is both provided on mono-crystalline silicon solar component (11) and flexible thin-film solar component (12) and controller electricity in control system The humidity induction device of connection.
6. a kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating according to claim 1, feature exist In:The base for fixing umbrella (15) is slidably connected by inner sliding sleeve (152) and umbrella stand center-pole (141), in base for fixing umbrella (15) outside At least five pedestal water inlet (151) is formed between week and inner sliding sleeve (152);Base for fixing umbrella (15) lower end is connected with diversion pipe (153), the diversion pipe (153) and the water delivery casing (18) being arranged on guide support (16) coordinate and dredge flow and enter water conservancy diversion The internal cavities of stent (16).
7. a kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating according to claim 6, feature exist In:Two of the guide support (16) are hinged stabilizer blade as guide support water outlet (161), the guide support water outlet (161) It is connected with the water flow pipes (33) in main strut (31);The water outlet of the water flow pipes (33) leads to the water of hydrogenerator (42) Wheel, water impact water wheels are rotated and are generated electricity.
8. a kind of integrated system of flat-topped building photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating according to claim 7, feature exist In:The control system and hydrogenerator (42) are arranged in base cabinet (41), the water inlet of hydrogenerator (42) It is connected with the water outlet of water flow pipes (33).
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CN104499531A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-04-08 重庆利贞元农林科技有限公司 Rainwater collection device
CN105443318A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-30 苏州华安普电力科技股份有限公司 Photovoltaic solar energy, wind power and rainwater generating integrated generating set
CN205453582U (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-08-10 安徽工业大学 Integrated system of flat top photovoltaic power generation - rainwater electricity generation for building

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103427711A (en) * 2012-05-20 2013-12-04 兰州理工大学 Roof power generation system with complementation between light and rain
CN102733474A (en) * 2012-07-10 2012-10-17 浙江大学 Environmentally-friendly method for additionally supplying water and power for building and system
CN104499531A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-04-08 重庆利贞元农林科技有限公司 Rainwater collection device
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CN205453582U (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-08-10 安徽工业大学 Integrated system of flat top photovoltaic power generation - rainwater electricity generation for building

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