CN105698105B - A kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater - Google Patents

A kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater Download PDF

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CN105698105B
CN105698105B CN201610203048.1A CN201610203048A CN105698105B CN 105698105 B CN105698105 B CN 105698105B CN 201610203048 A CN201610203048 A CN 201610203048A CN 105698105 B CN105698105 B CN 105698105B
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wind
rainwater
photovoltaic
umbrella
power generation
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CN105698105A (en
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贾虎
邹勇
毛清华
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MAANSHAN AHUT INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
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MAANSHAN AHUT INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/72Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps in street lighting

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
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  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)
  • Wind Motors (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Microelectronics & Electronic Packaging (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of LED street lamps of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic wind-force rainwater, belong to field of new energy generation.The LED street lamp of the present invention includes photovoltaic generation rainwater power generator, supporting mechanism and LED light, further include wind generator set and control system, the photovoltaic generation rainwater power generator, wind generator set are each attached on supporting mechanism, and the power storage that photovoltaic generation rainwater power generator and wind generator set are converted is powered in the accumulator of control system for LED light;The wind generator set includes wind-driven generator, fan blade and empennage, and the surfaces of revolution that fan blade is controlled by empennage is vertical with wind direction.Technical scheme of the present invention is generated electricity using solar energy, wind energy and rainwater, can be worked normally under different weather environment, the utilization rate to the energy be improved, convenient for promoting the use of.

Description

A kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of new energy power generation, more specifically to a kind of integrated hair of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater The LED street lamp of electricity.
Background technology
Solar energy, wind energy etc. are inexhaustible as environmentally protective new energy.It is increasingly short in global energy It lacks, under the background of environment worsening, solar energy, wind energy cause various aspects as a kind of clean energy resource of sustainable use It pays high attention to.
In recent years, China's photovoltaic industry is under the promotion of national Larger Engineering Projects, popularization plan and international cooperative project It rapidly develops.As the direction of energy development from now on, as new energy street lamp, have is not influenced, no solar street light by power supply As long as the conventional electric energy of consumption, it is sunny the features such as, therefore get more and more people's extensive concerning, and because it does not pollute ring Border, and it is referred to as green product, the operation expense of solar street light is cheap, and whole system operation is automatic control System is not necessarily to human intervention, is nearly free from maintenance cost.However existing solar street light is due to solar panel major part For plane, and setting angle is changeless, and solar panel is unable to fully ground sorption enhanced sunlight, and generated energy obtains not To guarantee, the alternating current of part is needed to supplement using energy, and common solar street light can not be generated electricity using rainwater.Therefore, It needs that new technical solution is taken to solve the above problems.
Technical solution about generation of electricity by new energy has relevant technical solution and discloses, such as Chinese Patent Application No.: ZL201420431568.4, authorized announcement date:On 2 4th, 2015, invention and created name was:A kind of solar street light, this application Case discloses a kind of solar street light, including lamp stand, and the lamp stand is equipped at least one headlamp, the upper end of the lamp stand Equipped with solar panel, and solar panel is in opening up horn-like structure, between solar panel and lamp stand Equipped with reinforcing plate, solar panel bottom is equipped with leakage hole, and with communicated inside lamp stand, the vertical section of lamp stand is equipped with rainwater hair The side of electric installation, lamp stand is equipped with electrical energy storage device.The patent formula sets solar panel to horn-like structure, In this way with the rotation of the sun, the light-receiving area of solar panel is big, while can also rainy rainwater-collecting be entered lamp Power generation apparatus by rainwater is impacted in bar, is generated electricity using the gravitional force of rainwater.Although the program can shine upon orientation It is maintained at generating state when variation, but due to the tapered distribution of power generator, the limited area shined upon can be received.
For another example Chinese Patent Application No.:201320158483.9 the applying date:On April 2nd, 2014, invention and created name are: A kind of energy automatic supplying equipment, including solar panel ontology, windmill, electric pole, street lamp, the solar panel ontology It is electrically connected on electric pole and with street lamp;The windmill be set to solar panel ontology on and with solar panel sheet Body is electrically connected, and belongs to the technical field of energy source use.Although the patent formula can utilize wind energy and solar energy, the sun simultaneously Energy plate generating area is small, and wind-power electricity generation is affected by wind direction, and generating efficiency is to be improved.
Invention content
1. technical problems to be solved by the inivention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the lower deficiency of energy utilization rate in the prior art, a kind of photovoltaic-wind is provided The LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of power-rainwater, is generated electricity using solar energy, wind energy and rainwater, can be just under different weather environment Often work, improves the utilization rate to the energy, convenient for promoting the use of.
2. technical solution
In order to achieve the above objectives, technical solution provided by the invention is:
A kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater of the present invention, including photovoltaic generation-rain water electricity generating dress It sets, supporting mechanism and LED light, further includes wind generator set and control system, the photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater, Wind generator set is each attached on supporting mechanism, the electricity that photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater and wind generator set are converted It can be stored in the accumulator of control system and power for LED light;The wind generator set include wind-driven generator, fan blade and Empennage, the surfaces of revolution that fan blade is controlled by empennage are vertical with wind direction.
As further improvement of the present invention, the wind-driven generator passes through the in generator support and supporting mechanism Two holders are connected, and wind-driven generator is rotatablely connected with generator support.
As further improvement of the present invention, the fan blade is arranged in the shaft of wind-driven generator, and empennage passes through Empennage connecting rod is fixed on the shell of wind-driven generator, and the panel of empennage is vertically arranged perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade.
As further improvement of the present invention, the photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater includes photovoltaic module and umbrella Shape open-and-close mechanism, under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism unfolded state, photovoltaic module receives sunlight and generates electricity;In umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism Under collapse state, rainwater-collecting mouth is formed, collected rainwater generates electricity by hydrogenerator.
As further improvement of the present invention, the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism include umbrella stand center-pole, opening and closing driving mechanism, Upper compression sleeve, lower compression sleeve, compressed spring and base for fixing umbrella, the base for fixing umbrella are slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole, under Compression sleeve, compressed spring and upper compression sleeve are sleeved on umbrella stand center-pole successively from the bottom to top, and upper compression sleeve and umbrella Frame center-pole is mutually fixed;Support wire is respectively connected on the lower compression sleeve and upper compression sleeve, opening and closing driving mechanism controls umbrella stand Pedestal, which moves up and down, realizes the gathering and expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism.
As further improvement of the present invention, the photovoltaic module include mono-crystalline silicon solar component and fexible film too It is positive can component, be provided with waterproof cloth in the support wire in the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism;It is flexible in the upward side setting of waterproof cloth The outer rim in waterproof cloth is arranged by support wire for thin film solar component, the mono-crystalline silicon solar component;Downward in waterproof cloth Side is placed with LED light;It is both provided on the mono-crystalline silicon solar component and flexible thin-film solar component and control system The Photoinduction device and humidity induction device of middle controller electrical connection.
As further improvement of the present invention, the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism passes through the in guide support and supporting mechanism One holder is hinged;The opening and closing driving mechanism includes telescopic rod, and the first support is oppositely arranged with second support, telescopic rod one End is hinged with second support, and the telescopic end of telescopic rod is connected with base for fixing umbrella, which connects with the sliding of umbrella stand center-pole It connects, is swung by telescopic rod driving mechanisms control guide support.
As further improvement of the present invention, the base for fixing umbrella is slidably connected by inner sliding sleeve and umbrella stand center-pole, At least five pedestal water inlet is formed between base for fixing umbrella periphery and inner sliding sleeve;Base for fixing umbrella lower end is connected with diversion pipe, this is led Flow tube and the water delivery casing being arranged on guide support coordinate and dredge the internal cavities that flow enters guide support.
As further improvement of the present invention, two hinged stabilizer blades of the guide support are guide support water outlet, The guide support water outlet is connected to the water flow pipes in first support;The water outlet of the water flow pipes leads to the water of hydrogenerator Wheel, water impact water wheels are rotated and are generated electricity.
As further improvement of the present invention, the control system further includes rectifier and controller, solar energy, wind Power, waterpower generate electricity can be rectified after pass in accumulator and store through controller, powered to LED light by accumulator.
3. advantageous effect
Using technical solution provided by the invention, compared with prior art, have the advantages that:
(1) LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater of the invention, can utilize too under fair weather It is positive to generate electricity with wind energy, it can be generated electricity using wind energy and rainwater in the rainy day, ensure that LED light equal energy under different weather Enough normal works;
(2) LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater of the invention, passes through tail in wind generator set Wing connecting rod is connected with empennage, and empennage panel is vertically arranged perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade, is increased by empennage connecting rod Empennage between generator at a distance from, in the case where there is wind, empennage panel be affected by the wind can turn to it is parallel with wind direction Position, the surfaces of revolution of fan blade is vertical with wind direction at this time, has larger windward side, keeps the rotating speed of fan blade maximum, wind-force hair Electrical efficiency highest;
(3) a kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater of the invention, set photovoltaic module are located at umbrella Shape open-and-close mechanism, used flexible thin-film solar component can note invest waterproof cloth surface, can fold and fold;In umbrella shape In the state of open-and-close mechanism expansion, there is larger light energy absorption face, and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism can be adjusted by telescopic rod Gradient improves the utilization rate of solar energy;
(4) LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater of the invention, in the shape that umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds Under state, rainwater-collecting mouth is formd, the rainwater-collecting mouth opening upwards, collected rainwater enters water conservancy diversion by pedestal water inlet Holder finally impacts water wheels rotation and generates electricity, ensure that LED light also being capable of normal use in the rainy day.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the LED street lamp overall structure diagram of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the LED street lamp concrete structure schematic diagram of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the distributed architecture schematic diagram of solar components on umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of pedestal water inlet in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the positional structure schematic diagram of upper and lower compression sleeve in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the position relationship schematic diagram of diversion pipe and water delivery casing in the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the internal structure schematic diagram of water delivery casing in the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of water delivery casing and umbrella stand center-pole in the present invention;
Figure 10 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of guide support and the first hinged seat in the present invention;
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of telescopic rod in the present invention;
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of hydrogenerator in the present invention.
Label declaration in schematic diagram:1, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater;11, mono-crystalline silicon solar component;12, soft Property thin film solar component;121, rainwater-collecting mouth;13, LED light;141, umbrella stand center-pole;142, upper compression sleeve;143, under Compression sleeve;144, compressed spring;145, support wire;15, base for fixing umbrella;151, pedestal water inlet;152, inner sliding sleeve;153, water conservancy diversion Pipe;16, guide support;161, guide support water outlet;17, the first hinged seat;171, the first articulated shaft;18, water delivery casing; 181, center-pole connecting plate;182, fair water sleeves;2, wind generator set;21, wind-driven generator;22, fan blade;23, wheel hub; 24, empennage;25, empennage connecting rod;26, generator support;3, supporting mechanism;31, main strut;32, first support;33, water flow pipes; 34, second support;35, telescopic rod;351, telescopic rod outer tube;352, telescopic rod inner tube;353, the second hinged seat;354, third is cut with scissors Joint chair;355, telescopic rod driving mechanism;36, structure enhances bar;4, pedestal;41, base cabinet;42, hydrogenerator;421, water Turbin generator bearing;43, rectifier;44, controller;45, accumulator;46, drainpipe.
Specific implementation mode
To further appreciate that present disclosure, the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Embodiment 1
The LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of a kind of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater of the present embodiment combined with Figure 1 and Figure 2, including photovoltaic hair Electricity-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1, supporting mechanism 3, LED light, wind generator set 2 and control system, the photovoltaic hair in the present embodiment Electricity-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1, wind generator set 2 are each attached on supporting mechanism 3, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 and wind The power storage that power generator structure 2 is converted is powered in the accumulator 45 of control system for LED light.
Supporting mechanism 3 in the present embodiment includes main strut 31, first support 32 and second support 34,32 He of first support Second support 34 is arranged in the upper end of main strut 31, and the two is oppositely arranged, and wind generator set 2 is arranged in second support 34 On, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 is arranged in first support 32, for enhancing structure, in second support 34 and main strut Structure enhancing bar 36 is provided between 31.
Since LED light is illuminated simply by electric energy, installation position can both be provided separately within convenient for illumination First support 32 or second support 34 can also depend on other structures setting, be not particularly limited.
In conjunction with Fig. 2, the wind generator set 2 in the present embodiment includes wind-driven generator 21, fan blade 22 and empennage 24, is led to The surfaces of revolution for crossing the control fan blade 22 of empennage 24 is vertical with wind direction.More specifically, fan blade 22 is sent out by wheel hub 23 and wind-force Motor 21 is connected, and wind-driven generator 21 is connected by generator support 26 with the second support 34 in supporting mechanism 3, and wind-force is sent out Motor 21 is rotatablely connected with generator support 26, and 21 relative generator holder 26 of wind-driven generator is enable to rotate, can be according to wind To the surfaces of revolution of adjustment fan blade 22, which is the periphery formed when fan blade 22 rotates.
In order to reach larger wind power generation efficiency, fan blade 22 is arranged in the shaft of wind-driven generator 21, empennage 24 It is fixed on by empennage connecting rod 25 on the shell of wind-driven generator 21, and the panel of empennage 24 is perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade 22 And it is vertically arranged.Empennage connecting rod 25 increase empennage 24 between wind-driven generator 21 at a distance from, equivalent to increase the arm of force, even if There is smaller wind-force, wind-driven generator 21 can also be promoted to rotate and adjust surfaces of revolution orientation.Panel of the present embodiment empennage 24 It is vertically arranged perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade 22, on the one hand, can have larger forced area by being vertically arranged;It is another Aspect, empennage panel is perpendicular to fan blade 22, when wind-force promotes empennage 24 parallel with wind direction, the surfaces of revolution and wind of fan blade 22 To vertical, there is larger windward side, 22 rotating speed of fan blade is most fast, generating efficiency highest.
Embodiment 2
A kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater of the present embodiment, basic structure and 1 phase of embodiment Together, the difference is that:Photovoltaic generation-the power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 of the present embodiment includes photovoltaic module and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, Under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism unfolded state, photovoltaic module receives sunlight and generates electricity;Under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism collapse state, Rainwater-collecting mouth 121 is formed, collected rainwater generates electricity by hydrogenerator 42.
Specifically, in conjunction with Fig. 3, umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism includes umbrella stand center-pole 141, opening and closing driving mechanism, upper compression sleeve 142, lower compression sleeve 143, compressed spring 144 and base for fixing umbrella 15.The base for fixing umbrella 15 connects with the sliding of umbrella stand center-pole 141 It connects, as shown in fig. 6, lower compression sleeve 143, compressed spring 144 and upper compression sleeve 142 are sleeved in umbrella stand successively from the bottom to top On core bar 141, and upper compression sleeve 142 is fixed with 141 phase of umbrella stand center-pole, prevent it from sliding up and down and cause entire mechanism without Method is unfolded.Support wire 145 is respectively connected on the lower compression sleeve 143, upper compression sleeve 142, opening and closing driving mechanism controls umbrella stand Pedestal 15, which moves up and down, realizes the gathering and expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism.
As shown in figure 4, the photovoltaic module in the present embodiment includes mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 and flexible thin-film solar Component 12 is provided with waterproof cloth in the support wire 145 in the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, according to the structure setting of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, Different set-up modes may be selected in waterproof cloth, can be made for common waterproof material or elastic material or by being stacked It can be opened and closed up and down.The upward side of waterproof cloth is provided with flexible thin-film solar component 12, support wire 145 is by waterproof cloth etc. It is divided into eight pieces, flexible thin-film solar component 12 is arranged on every piece of waterproof cloth, and every piece of flexible thin-film solar component 12 is by soft Property thin-film solar cells band divides multirow to be attached on waterproof cloth to form, and specific line number and waterproof cloth block number can bases in actual use Actual needs is selected.It is coupled using serial or parallel connection mode between flexible thin-film solar component 12, the present embodiment is preferred For coupled in series.
The outer rim in waterproof cloth is arranged in the mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11, when umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, adjacent support Intermarginal spacing inherently reduces outside silk 145, therefore pull slide bar, the monocrystalline silicon sun are equipped between 145 top of adjacent support wire Can component 11 be arranged on the pull slide bar, the length of mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 folds rear adjacent equal to umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism The spacing on 145 top of support wire.Mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 is also classified into the setting of eight pieces of power generation sheets in waterproof cloth outer rim, power generation sheet it Between coupled in series.It is transmitted after mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 and electric energy confluence produced by flexible thin-film solar component 12, It is stored after over commutation to accumulator.
It is placed with LED light 13, i.e. LED street lamp in the downward side of waterproof cloth.The LED light 13 is arranged in mono-crystalline silicon solar Component 11 and flexible thin-film solar component 12, for the ease of fixation, which can be used LED light strip.It needs to illustrate It is that Photoinduction device and humidity inductive dress are both provided on mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 and flexible thin-film solar component 12 It sets, perceptual signal is transferred to the controller in control system by sensing device, and then the corresponding signal that executes of controller publication drives Dynamic umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism expansion folds, and the opening of control LED light 13, closing, realizes intelligent control.
Embodiment 3
A kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater of the present embodiment, basic structure and 2 phase of embodiment Together, the difference is that:The set-up mode of mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 is different in the present embodiment, mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 are made of left and right two parts, the 11 flexible folding in intermediate position of mono-crystalline silicon solar component, and shape in an angle, is similar to three The sum of angular both sides are more than third side principle.It should be noted that the length of mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 and adjacent support wire 145 The spacing on top is identical, and mono-crystalline silicon solar component 11 is fully expanded after ensureing the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism.When umbrella shape opens and closes When mechanism folds, 145 top spacing of adjacent support wire reduces, and 11 or so two parts of mono-crystalline silicon solar component bend and avoid doing It relates to, do not influence the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism or folds.
This structure design has the light-receiving area of bigger, generating efficiency higher relative to embodiment 2;But LED light 13 It is not easy to install, LED street lamp can be mounted in first support 32, meet self-generating illumination reel.
Embodiment 4
A kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater of the present embodiment, basic structure and 2 phase of embodiment Together, the difference is that:The umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is cut with scissors by the first support 32 in guide support 16 and supporting mechanism 3 It connects, the opening and closing driving mechanism includes telescopic rod 35, and 35 one end of telescopic rod is hinged with second support 34, the telescopic end of telescopic rod 35 It is connected with base for fixing umbrella 15, which is slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole 141, passes through telescopic rod driving mechanism 355 Guide support 16 is controlled to swing.
More specifically, telescopic rod 35 includes telescopic rod outer tube 351 and telescopic rod inner tube 352, as shown in figure 11, flexible Telescopic rod driving mechanism 355 is provided on bar outer tube 351, controlling telescopic rod inner tube 352 by telescopic rod driving mechanism 355 stretches Contracting.In addition, telescopic rod outer tube 351 is connected by third hinged seat 354 with second support 34, telescopic rod inner tube 352 passes through second Hinged seat 353 is connected with base for fixing umbrella 15.When telescopic rod inner tube 352 is stretched out, guide support 16 can be swung to the right, while umbrella stand Pedestal 15 is pushed upwardly, the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism;When telescopic rod inner tube 352 folds, guide support 16 is swung to the left, directly Stop when in vertical position, rainwater-collecting mouth 121 is lucky upward at this time, is convenient for rainwater-collecting.
Embodiment 5
In conjunction with Fig. 4, Fig. 5, a kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater of the present embodiment, basic structure It is same as Example 4, the difference is that:In umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, base for fixing umbrella 15 passes through in inner sliding sleeve 152 and umbrella stand Core bar 141 is slidably connected, and is connected by grid between 15 periphery of base for fixing umbrella and inner sliding sleeve 152, forms bottom between grid Seat water inlet 151, in order to ensure water velocity, at least 5 pedestal water inlets 151 on a base for fixing umbrella 15, the present embodiment In be provided with 8.15 lower end of base for fixing umbrella is connected with diversion pipe 153, which is connected with pedestal water inlet 151.It leads 153 lower end of flow tube and the water delivery casing 18 being arranged on guide support 16 coordinate and dredge the inside that flow enters guide support 16 Cavity.
More specifically, referring to Fig. 8, Fig. 9, water delivery casing 18 includes center-pole connecting plate 181 and fair water sleeves 182, in Core bar connecting plate 181 is arranged at equal intervals along water delivery sleeve side walls, and the inside of center-pole connecting plate 181 and umbrella stand center-pole 141 are solid Even.Adjacent center-pole connecting plate 181 forms flowing water entrance, and flow can enter the internal cavities of guide support 16.Set Fair water sleeves 182 are located at 18 upper end of water delivery casing, and inner wall radius differs 0.5~1.3mm with 153 outer edge radius of diversion pipe.When When base for fixing umbrella 15 is snapped down to bottommost, as shown in fig. 7, diversion pipe 153 can be easily inserted in fair water sleeves 182, and it is tied It closes part and increases structural strength, when wind-force is larger, the damage to center-pole connecting plate 181 can be mitigated, form dual connection, It ensure that the stability of structure, service life are long.
Referring to Figure 10, two hinged stabilizer blades of the guide support 16 are guide support water outlet 161, in first support 32 On be provided with the first hinged seat 17, which picks up the ears to be arranged in parallel by two forms, two pick up the ears between part and first The inner cavity of holder 32 communicates.The first articulated shaft 171, two hinged stabilizer blades of guide support 16 are transversely provided on first hinged seat 17 The first articulated shaft 171 is blocked, and guide support water outlet 161 is connected to the water flow pipes 33 in first support 32, water flow pipes 33 Water outlet lead to the water wheels of hydrogenerator 42, water impact water wheels are rotated and are generated electricity, realized and generated electricity using rainwater.
Embodiment 6
A kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater of the present embodiment, basic structure and 5 phase of embodiment Together, the difference is that:31 bottom of main strut is connected with the base cabinet 41 in pedestal 4;Control system and hydrogenerator 42 are arranged inside base cabinet 41.The control system includes rectifier 43 and controller 44, solar energy, wind-force, waterpower It generates electricity to pass in accumulator 45 through controller 44 after capable of being rectified 43 rectification of device and store, supplied to LED light 13 by accumulator 45 Electricity.The setting of hydrogenerator 42 keeps water wheels opposite with water flow pipes 33, is convenient for hydroelectric generation in 31 lower part of main strut.In base member case 41 side wall of body is additionally provided with drainpipe 46, which is connected to the discharge outlet of hydrogenerator 42, and rainwater is discharged.In order to prevent Hydrogenerator 42 makes moist and damages, as shown in figure 12, the setting water wheel motor bearing 421 in 42 bottom of hydrogenerator, to protect Protect hydrogenerator 42.
Above example is not limited to cited content, between each scheme can organic assembling according to actual needs, for Upper given apparatus structure, specific application method are:
1), Photoinduction device and humidity induction device carry out signal acquisition, and acquisition signal is sent to controller 44;
2), controller 44 carries out operating mode judgement according to moisture signal, if having more than the humidity of 6 humidity induction devices Signal is determined as the rainy day, then umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is in collection water state;Otherwise it is in unfolded state.Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism receive to In state procedure of catchmenting, telescopic rod driving mechanism 355 controls telescopic rod inner tube 352 and bounces back, and base for fixing umbrella 15 is to umbrella stand center-pole 141 basal slidings, guide support 16 is to close to 35 1 side oscillation of telescopic rod, when guide support 16 is located at vertical position, water conservancy diversion Pipe 153 is caught in fair water sleeves 182, can carry out rainwater-collecting;Collected rainwater enters diversion pipe 153 by pedestal water inlet 151, Then from 16 inner cavity of guide support is entered between center-pole connecting plate 181, enter water flow pipes using guide support water outlet 161 33, the water wheels of finally outflow impact hydrogenerator 42 generate electricity, and the rainwater after utilization is discharged by drainpipe 46.
During the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, telescopic rod driving mechanism 355 controls telescopic rod inner tube 352 and stretches out, umbrella stand bottom Seat 15 is to 141 top slide of umbrella stand center-pole, and guide support 16 is to far from 35 1 side oscillation of telescopic rod, waterproof cloth expansion, monocrystalline Silicon solar component 11 and flexible thin-film solar component 12 are subjected to luminous energy and generate electricity.
3), after moisture signal judges, controller 44 judges light intensity signal, if having more than 5 photoinduction dresses The light intensity signal set is determined as light source abundance, then LED light 13 is closed;Otherwise umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is in and folds shape State, LED light 13 are opened.
Operating mode in the mechanism a total of 4, if moisture signal is shown as the rainy day, light intensity signal is strong light, then is judged as Rain water electricity generating pattern works;If moisture signal is shown as the rainy day, light intensity signal is dim light, then is judged as rainy day power generation Night Work, LED light 13 works while power generation.Light intensity signal is strong light, then controller 44 controls photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 is photovoltaic generation pattern;If moisture signal is normal, light intensity signal is dim light, is judged as that Night, LED light 13 work.
4), wind generator set 2 is in generating state at any time, acquires wind direction by empennage 24, under the action of the wind fan blade The surfaces of revolution of wheel 22 is vertical with wind direction, 22 rotary electrification of fan blade.
5), electric energy produced by photovoltaic generation, rain water electricity generating and wind-power electricity generation passes through 43 rectification of rectifier, and power storage It is used for LED street lamp in accumulator 45.
When 45 electric power deficiency of accumulator, it is that LED light 13 is powered that can utilize resident's power supply;When electric power abundance, electric power storage Pond 45 can be to being converted into residential electricity consumption.
Also rotating device can be arranged inside photovoltaic generation header box in the combination that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, The rotating device is connected with umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, and controllable LED light is rotated in night operation.
The present invention can be generated electricity under fair weather using solar energy and wind energy, and wind energy and rainwater can be utilized in the rainy day It generates electricity, ensure that LED light can work normally under different weather, improve the utilization rate of the energy, make convenient for promoting With meeting the policy requirements of national development new energy.
Schematically the present invention and embodiments thereof are described above, description is not limiting, institute in attached drawing What is shown is also one of embodiments of the present invention, and actual structure is not limited to this.So if the common skill of this field Art personnel are enlightened by it, without departing from the spirit of the invention, are not inventively designed and the technical solution Similar frame mode and embodiment, are within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater, including photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater (1), support machine Structure (3) and LED light, it is characterised in that:Further include wind generator set (2) and control system, the photovoltaic generation-rainwater hair Electric installation (1), wind generator set (2) are each attached on supporting mechanism (3), photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) and wind-force The power storage that power generation mechanism (2) is converted is powered in the accumulator (45) of control system for LED light;The wind-driven generator Structure (2) includes wind-driven generator (21), fan blade (22) and empennage (24), and the rotation of fan blade (22) is controlled by empennage (24) Face is vertical with wind direction;
The wind-driven generator (21) is connected by generator support (26) with the second support (34) in supporting mechanism (3), and Wind-driven generator (21) is rotatablely connected with generator support (26);
Photovoltaic generation-the power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) includes photovoltaic module and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, in umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism exhibition Under open state, photovoltaic module receives sunlight and generates electricity;Under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism collapse state, rainwater-collecting mouth is formed (121), collected rainwater generates electricity by hydrogenerator (42).
2. a kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Fan blade (22) is arranged in the shaft of wind-driven generator (21), and empennage (24) is fixed on wind-power electricity generation by empennage connecting rod (25) On the shell of machine (21), and the panel of empennage (24) is vertically arranged perpendicular to the surfaces of revolution of fan blade (22).
3. a kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism include umbrella stand center-pole (141), opening and closing driving mechanism, upper compression sleeve (142), lower compression sleeve (143), Compressed spring (144) and base for fixing umbrella (15), the base for fixing umbrella (15) are slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole (141), lower compression Sleeve (143), compressed spring (144) and upper compression sleeve (142) are sleeved on successively from the bottom to top on umbrella stand center-pole (141), And upper compression sleeve (142) is mutually fixed with umbrella stand center-pole (141);The lower compression sleeve (143) and upper compression sleeve (142) On be respectively connected with support wire (145), opening and closing driving mechanism, which controls base for fixing umbrella (15) and moves up and down, realizes the receipts of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism Hold together and is unfolded.
4. a kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Photovoltaic module includes mono-crystalline silicon solar component (11) and flexible thin-film solar component (12), in the umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism Support wire is provided with waterproof cloth on (145);The upward side of waterproof cloth is provided with flexible thin-film solar component (12), the list The outer rim in waterproof cloth is arranged by support wire (145) for crystal silicon solar component (11);It is placed with LED in the downward side of waterproof cloth Lamp (13);Be both provided on the mono-crystalline silicon solar component (11) and flexible thin-film solar component (12) in control system The Photoinduction device and humidity induction device of controller electrical connection.
5. a kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is hinged by the first support (32) in guide support (16) and supporting mechanism (3);The folding driving machine Structure includes telescopic rod (35), and the first support (32) is oppositely arranged with second support (34), telescopic rod (35) one end and second Holder (34) is hinged, and the telescopic end of telescopic rod (35) is connected with base for fixing umbrella (15), the base for fixing umbrella (15) and umbrella stand center Bar (141) is slidably connected, and controlling guide support (16) by telescopic rod driving mechanism (355) swings.
6. a kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:It is described Base for fixing umbrella (15) is slidably connected by inner sliding sleeve (152) and umbrella stand center-pole (141), in base for fixing umbrella (15) periphery and interior cunning At least five pedestal water inlet (151) is formed between set (152);Base for fixing umbrella (15) lower end is connected with diversion pipe (153), this is led Flow tube (153) coordinates with the water delivery casing (18) being arranged on guide support (16) and dredges flow and enter guide support (16) Internal cavities.
7. a kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:It is described Two of guide support (16) hinged stabilizer blades are guide support water outlet (161), the guide support water outlet (161) with first Water flow pipes (33) connection in frame (32);The water outlet of the water flow pipes (33) leads to the water wheels of hydrogenerator (42), flow Impact water wheels are rotated and are generated electricity.
8. a kind of LED street lamp of the integrated power generation of photovoltaic-wind-force-rainwater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Control system further includes rectifier (43) and controller (44), and solar energy, wind-force, waterpower generate electricity after capable of being rectified through controller Storage in accumulator (45) is passed to, is powered to LED light by accumulator (45).
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