CN105706550A - Farmland plastic mulch lifter - Google Patents

Farmland plastic mulch lifter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105706550A
CN105706550A CN201610131784.0A CN201610131784A CN105706550A CN 105706550 A CN105706550 A CN 105706550A CN 201610131784 A CN201610131784 A CN 201610131784A CN 105706550 A CN105706550 A CN 105706550A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
film
drive
frame
cutting
mentioned
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610131784.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
毕新胜
明光
王志欢
蔡贺
张新超
段文献
王斌
曾小辉
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Shihezi University
Original Assignee
Shihezi University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shihezi University filed Critical Shihezi University
Priority to CN201610131784.0A priority Critical patent/CN105706550A/en
Publication of CN105706550A publication Critical patent/CN105706550A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B43/00Gatherers for removing stones, undesirable roots or the like from the soil, e.g. tractor-drawn rakes

Abstract

The invention relates to a farmland plastic mulch lifter, which comprises a traction frame, a rack, a gearbox, disc cutters, transverse film cutting devices, film pickup devices, film release devices, a film collecting device, a transverse film cutting device drive system, a film release device drive system, a film collecting device drive system, land wheels and a film collecting tank. The farmland plastic mulch lifter is characterized in that the traction frame is arranged at the front side of the rack; the gearbox is arranged on the rack at the rear side of the traction frame; the disc cutters are arranged at the lower part of a cross beam of the rack and at the rear side of the gearbox in rows at intervals; each transverse film cutting device is arranged at the rear side of the corresponding disc cutter; each film pickup device is arranged at the rear side of the corresponding transverse film cutting device; each film release device is arranged above the corresponding film pickup device; the film collecting device is arranged at the rear side of the film release devices; the film collecting tank is arranged at the rear side of the film collecting device; the land wheels are respectively arranged at two sides of the rack; the transverse film cutting device drive system, the film collecting device drive system and the film release device drive system are separately arranged on the rack. The farmland plastic mulch lifter disclosed by the invention has the characteristics of low in impurity rate of collected films, reliably works, high in collecting rate, good in contour following and the like, and is capable of meeting the requirement of plastic film residue recovery operation.

Description

A kind of farmland mulch recycling machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural land table used plastic collection Work machine, especially a kind of farmland mulch recycling machine, belong to talents for agri-mechanization field.
Background technology
Mulching planting technique is a kind of improvement and optimization crop growth environment, overcomes bad condition to affect, and obtains precocity, high yield, high-quality and efficient advanced agricultural planting technique.Mulching planting technique not only increases effective accumulated temperature, extends the trophophase of crop, and can play the effect suppressing weed growth;Can also effectively utilize land resource and water resource simultaneously, play the effect of Meteorological effect.Therefore, the film-mulching technique agricultural to development China, especially dry farming has important strategic importance.But owing to plastic film mulch and used mulch film year after year fail timely and effective recovery, serious " white pollution " to soil reclamation, cause that crop yield declines year after year, therefore used plastic collection becomes agricultural and needs a big important topic of solution badly.At present, farmland residual mulching film reclaims to have and manually picks up and machinery recovery two ways: manually pick up operation labor intensity bigger, inefficient, relatively costly;But although machinery reclaims and overcomes the shortcoming manually picked up, owing to existing agricultural mulching is very thin, thickness only has about 0.006mm ~ 0.008mm, tensile strength is low, very easily broken, and the workpiece pattern of existing machine for recycling mulch film tool mainly has the tooth-like collecting reel of expansion link, elastic claw type to pick up membrane element, shovel plays batch winder parts, gear tooth-type winder parts, toothed-chain type winder parts etc., these winder parts can only reclaim the mulch film of sheet, but can not effectively reclaim mulch film fragment.But, above type used plastic collection parts are when reclaiming large stretch of mulch film, the straw, plant branch and leaf, weeds and the earth comparision contents that contain in residual film are big, residual film is easily wound around winder workpiece, affect incomplete film-recovering machine and reclaim operation continuously, and used plastic collection rate is low, due to the rough problem on ground, after one-stop operation, ground still has a large amount of residual film to be retained in earth's surface, it is difficult to meet used plastic collection requirement.Therefore, develop one recovery residual film percentage of impurity demoulding low, easy, working performance is high and profiling good incomplete film-recovering machine in ground is significant.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of farmland mulch recycling machine, these facility have that the residual film percentage of impurity of recovery is low, reliable operation, net harvesting rate high and the feature such as ground profiling is better.
The present invention relates to a kind of farmland mulch recycling machine, including traction frame, frame, change speed gear box, disc cutter, horizontal film cutting apparatus, pick up film device, device for removing scum, winder device, horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system, device for removing scum drive system, winder device driving system, land wheel and film-collecting box, it is characterized in that traction frame is located on front side of frame, change speed gear box is located on rear side of traction frame in frame, disc cutter is internally provided with spring, and in a row interval is located at the crossbeam bottom of frame, on rear side of change speed gear box, horizontal film cutting apparatus is located on rear side of disc cutter, pick up film device and be located on rear side of horizontal film cutting apparatus, device for removing scum is located to be picked up above film device, winder device is located on rear side of device for removing scum, film-collecting box is located on rear side of winder device, land wheel is located at frame both sides, horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system, winder device driving system, device for removing scum drive system is respectively provided in frame, horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system is provided power by land wheel, winder device driving system and device for removing scum drive system are provided power by sprocket wheel by change speed gear box, described horizontal film cutting apparatus is by bent axle, linkage, cutter guide and horizontal cutting membrane knife composition, above-mentioned bent axle is located in frame by fixing seat, above-mentioned cutter guide is located at frame underside, above-mentioned horizontal cutting membrane knife is located at inside cutter guide, aforementioned link mechanism couples bent axle and horizontal cutting membrane knife, described picks up film device by picking up membrane support, spring, pick up membrane cylinder and pick up film spike-tooth composition, above-mentioned membrane support of picking up is connected in frame, above-mentioned spring is located at picks up membrane support inside middle portion, above-mentioned membrane cylinder of picking up is located at and picks up membrane support lower end, above-mentioned film spike-tooth of picking up is located at and picks up on membrane cylinder, described device for removing scum is made up of demoulding roller and demoulding hairbrush, above-mentioned demoulding roller is located to be picked up on the upside of film device, above-mentioned demoulding hairbrush is located at outside demoulding roller, described winder device is by blower fan, inhale film mouth and blown film mouth composition, above-mentioned blower fan is located in frame by fixing seat, above-mentioned suction film mouth is located on front side of blower fan, its port is located on the upside of device for removing scum and winder device intersection, above-mentioned blown film mouth is located on rear side of blower fan, its port is located on the upside of residual film collecting box.
Described disc cutter can be provided with zigzag disk cutting membrane knife.
The bent axle of described horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system can be provided with cam mechanism.
The described drive sprocket in device for removing scum drive system can be provided with V belt wheel.
Work process of the present invention is as follows: tractor is connected by traction frame and facility of the present invention, the change speed gear box of tractor motive power output shaft and facility of the present invention is connected, change speed gear box is connected with winder device driving system, device for removing scum drive system respectively by sprocket wheel, forms Complete working unit.During overall operation, tractor motive power output shaft couples change speed gear box, then pass through change speed gear box and couple the drive winder device work of winder device driving system and the drive device for removing scum work of device for removing scum drive system respectively, horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system is connected with land wheel, and its power drives horizontal film cutting apparatus work by land wheel.Disc cutter is fixed on the square handle of a knife of pin-and-hole and couples with the square tube backing pin being welded in frame, is provided with spring inside square tube, and backing pin, in order to have better profiling effect, is first pulled out during facility work by purpose, and mulch film is by disc cutter into strips subsequently.Along with the advance of facility, horizontal cutting membrane knife does reciprocating cutting motion by horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system in cutter guide, every a segment distance by mulch film transversely cutting.Picking up membrane cylinder adopts square tube to couple, and is provided with spring in the inside of connection place, increases profiling effect, and its operation power is to provide by picking up the friction between film spike-tooth and ground, picks up membrane cylinder and is collected by the mulch film being cut and picking up on film spike-tooth.When picking up the suction film mouth position that membrane cylinder turns to blower fan, the residual film brush picked up on film spike-tooth is fallen by the demoulding hairbrush of the high-speed rotation on device for removing scum, residual film is sucked conveying air channel from inhaling film mouth by the wind-force produced secondly by blower fan, then residual film is transported to blown film mouth along conveying air channel, finally fall in film-collecting box, be finally completed used plastic collection.
The present invention has that winder percentage of impurity is low, reliable operation, net harvesting rate high and the feature such as ground profiling is good, it is possible to meet used plastic collection job requirements.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the plan structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is for picking up film device structural representation.
Fig. 4 is the plan structure schematic diagram of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is horizontal film cutting apparatus side-looking structural representation.
Fig. 6 be Fig. 5 face structural representation.
Indicating 1 in figure is traction frame, and 2 is frame, and 3 is change speed gear box, 3 is bent axle, and 4 is linkage, and 5 is bent axle, 6 is horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system, and 7 is oil cylinder, and 8 for inhaling film mouth, 9 is blower fan, and 10 is blown film mouth, and 11 for unloading film swingle, 12 is film-collecting box, 13 is land wheel, and 14 is winder device driving system, and 15 is demoulding hairbrush, 16 is demoulding roller, 17 for picking up membrane cylinder, and 18 for picking up film spike-tooth, and 19 is device for removing scum drive system, 20 is cutter guide, 21 is horizontal cutting membrane knife, and 22 is disc cutter, and (23) are spring.
In figure, arrow represents the rotation direction of each moving component.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1: with reference to Fig. 1, embodiment for a kind of farmland mulch recycling machine, including traction frame (1), frame (2), change speed gear box (3), disc cutter (22), horizontal film cutting apparatus, pick up film device, device for removing scum, winder device, horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system (6), device for removing scum drive system (19), winder device driving system (14), land wheel (13) and film-collecting box (12), it is characterized in that traction frame (1) is located at frame (2) front side, change speed gear box (3) is located on traction frame (1) rear side frame (2), disc cutter (22) is internally provided with spring (23), and in a row interval is located at the crossbeam bottom of frame (2), change speed gear box (3) rear side, horizontal film cutting apparatus is located at disc cutter (22) rear side, pick up film device and be located on rear side of horizontal film cutting apparatus, device for removing scum is located to be picked up above film device, winder device is located on rear side of device for removing scum, film-collecting box (12) is located on rear side of winder device, land wheel (13) is located at frame (2) both sides, horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system (6), winder device driving system (14), device for removing scum drive system (19) is respectively provided in frame (2), horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system (6) is provided power by land wheel (13), winder device driving system (14) and device for removing scum drive system (19) are provided power by sprocket wheel by change speed gear box (3), described horizontal film cutting apparatus is by bent axle (5), linkage (4), cutter guide (20) and horizontal cutting membrane knife (21) composition, above-mentioned bent axle (5) is located in frame (2) by fixing seat, above-mentioned cutter guide (20) is located at frame (2) downside, above-mentioned horizontal cutting membrane knife (21) is located at cutter guide (20) inner side, aforementioned link mechanism (4) couples bent axle (5) and horizontal cutting membrane knife (21), described picks up film device by picking up membrane support, spring (23), pick up membrane cylinder (17) and pick up film spike-tooth (18) composition, above-mentioned membrane support of picking up is connected in frame (2), above-mentioned spring (23) is located at picks up membrane support inside middle portion, above-mentioned membrane cylinder (17) of picking up is located at and picks up membrane support lower end, above-mentioned film spike-tooth (18) of picking up is located at and picks up on membrane cylinder (17), described device for removing scum is made up of demoulding roller (16) and demoulding hairbrush (15), above-mentioned demoulding roller (16) is located at picks up on the upside of film device, above-mentioned demoulding hairbrush (15) is located at demoulding roller (16) outside, described winder device is by blower fan (9), inhale film mouth (8) and blown film mouth (10) composition, above-mentioned blower fan (9) is located in frame (2) by fixing seat, above-mentioned suction film mouth (8) is located at blower fan (9) front side, its port is located on the upside of device for removing scum and winder device intersection, above-mentioned blown film mouth (10) is located at blower fan (9) rear side, its port is located at film-collecting box (12) upside.
Embodiment 2: the present embodiment and embodiment 1 are distinctive in that described disc cutter (22) can be that film wheel cut by zigzag disk.
Embodiment 3: embodiment and embodiment 1 are distinctive in that the bent axle (5) of described horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system (6) can be cam mechanism.
Embodiment 4: the drive sprocket that the present embodiment and embodiment 1 are distinctive in that in described device for removing scum drive system (19) can be V belt wheel.

Claims (4)

1. a farmland mulch recycling machine, including traction frame (1), frame (2), change speed gear box (3), disc cutter (22), horizontal film cutting apparatus, pick up film device, device for removing scum, winder device, horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system (6), device for removing scum drive system (19), winder device driving system (14), land wheel (13) and film-collecting box (12), it is characterized in that traction frame (1) is located at frame (2) front side, change speed gear box (3) is located on traction frame (1) rear side frame (2), disc cutter (22) is internally provided with spring (23), and in a row interval is located at the crossbeam bottom of frame (2), change speed gear box (3) rear side, horizontal film cutting apparatus is located at disc cutter (22) rear side, pick up film device and be located on rear side of horizontal film cutting apparatus, device for removing scum is located to be picked up above film device, winder device is located on rear side of device for removing scum, film-collecting box (12) is located on rear side of winder device, land wheel (13) is located at frame (2) both sides, horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system (6), winder device driving system (14), device for removing scum drive system (19) is respectively provided in frame (2), horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system (6) is provided power by land wheel (13), winder device driving system (14) and device for removing scum drive system (19) are provided power by sprocket wheel by change speed gear box (3), described horizontal film cutting apparatus is by bent axle (5), linkage (4), cutter guide (20) and horizontal cutting membrane knife (21) composition, above-mentioned bent axle (5) is located in frame (2) by fixing seat, above-mentioned cutter guide (20) is located at frame (2) downside, above-mentioned horizontal cutting membrane knife (21) is located at cutter guide (20) inner side, aforementioned link mechanism (4) couples bent axle (5) and horizontal cutting membrane knife (21), described picks up film device by picking up membrane support, spring (23), pick up membrane cylinder (17) and pick up film spike-tooth (18) composition, above-mentioned membrane support of picking up is connected in frame (2), above-mentioned spring (23) is located at picks up membrane support inside middle portion, above-mentioned membrane cylinder (17) of picking up is located at and picks up membrane support lower end, above-mentioned film spike-tooth (18) of picking up is located at and picks up on membrane cylinder (17), described device for removing scum is made up of demoulding roller (16) and demoulding hairbrush (15), above-mentioned demoulding roller (16) is located at picks up on the upside of film device, above-mentioned demoulding hairbrush (15) is located at demoulding roller (16) outside, described winder device is by blower fan (9), inhale film mouth (8) and blown film mouth (10) composition, above-mentioned blower fan (9) is located in frame (2) by fixing seat, above-mentioned suction film mouth (8) is located at blower fan (9) front side, its port is located on the upside of device for removing scum and winder device intersection, above-mentioned blown film mouth (10) is located at blower fan (9) rear side, its port is located at film-collecting box (12) upside.
2. a kind of farmland mulch recycling machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described disc cutter (22) is zigzag disk cutting membrane knife.
3. a kind of farmland mulch recycling machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the bent axle (5) of described horizontal film cutting apparatus drive system (6) is cam mechanism.
4. a kind of farmland mulch recycling machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the described drive sprocket in device for removing scum drive system (19) is V belt wheel.
CN201610131784.0A 2016-03-09 2016-03-09 Farmland plastic mulch lifter Pending CN105706550A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610131784.0A CN105706550A (en) 2016-03-09 2016-03-09 Farmland plastic mulch lifter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610131784.0A CN105706550A (en) 2016-03-09 2016-03-09 Farmland plastic mulch lifter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105706550A true CN105706550A (en) 2016-06-29

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610131784.0A Pending CN105706550A (en) 2016-03-09 2016-03-09 Farmland plastic mulch lifter

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105706550A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106171069A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-12-07 吉林省农业机械研究院 A kind of farmland surface used plastic collection device
CN107624461A (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-01-26 张培坤 A kind of membrane uncovering device and take off film method
CN109168345A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-01-11 福建永顺机械有限公司 A kind of machine for recycling mulch film structure and recovery method
CN110178611A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-08-30 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Sugarcane film stripping machine and take off film method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106171069A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-12-07 吉林省农业机械研究院 A kind of farmland surface used plastic collection device
CN107624461A (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-01-26 张培坤 A kind of membrane uncovering device and take off film method
CN109168345A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-01-11 福建永顺机械有限公司 A kind of machine for recycling mulch film structure and recovery method
CN110178611A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-08-30 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Sugarcane film stripping machine and take off film method

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20160629

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication