CN105617803A - Urban road electrostatic dust removal street lamp system - Google Patents

Urban road electrostatic dust removal street lamp system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105617803A
CN105617803A CN201510961890.7A CN201510961890A CN105617803A CN 105617803 A CN105617803 A CN 105617803A CN 201510961890 A CN201510961890 A CN 201510961890A CN 105617803 A CN105617803 A CN 105617803A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
motor
cleaning
dust
wind
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Granted
Application number
CN201510961890.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105617803B (en
Inventor
王震虎
陈永方
马志国
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China Blue Environmental Technology Co., Ltd.
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Huanghe Science and Technology College
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Priority to CN201510961890.7A priority Critical patent/CN105617803B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2221/00Applications of separation devices
    • B01D2221/16Separation devices for cleaning ambient air, e.g. air along roads or air in cities
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/06Polluted air
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2267/00Multiple filter elements specially adapted for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D2267/40Different types of filters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2279/00Filters adapted for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours specially modified for specific uses
    • B01D2279/40Filters adapted for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours specially modified for specific uses for cleaning of environmental air, e.g. by filters installed on vehicles or on streets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/66Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter
    • B01D46/68Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements
    • B01D46/681Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements by scrapers, brushes or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention relates to an urban road electrostatic dust removal street lamp system which comprises a transformer substation and automatic dust removal street lamps uniformly arranged along an urban road at intervals, wherein the automatic dust removal street lamps are connected with the transformer substation after being connected in parallel; each automatic dust removal street lamp comprises a lamp body, an upright column, a photoelectric conversion mechanism and a garbage collecting mechanism; the upright column is hollow and vertically through, the shape of the upright column adopts a cuboid structure, the bottom end of the upright column is fixed nearby the road, and an automatic air guide mechanism, a self-cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust collecting mechanism, a water circulating type dust cleaning mechanism and a power distribution box are arranged in the upright column from top to bottom in sequence; the photoelectric conversion mechanism is arranged at the top end of the upright column; the garbage collecting mechanism is arranged on the outer side of an upper port of the upright column; the power distribution box is positioned at the bottom of the upright column. The urban road electrostatic dust removal street lamp system provided by the invention is simple in structure and reasonable in design and effectively eliminates raised dust and haze in cities through effective and reasonable distribution nearby the urban road or in a community, thereby achieving the purpose of purifying urban air.

Description

Urban road electrostatic precipitation road lamp system
Technical field
The invention belongs to urban air field of purification, be specifically related to a kind of urban road electrostatic precipitation road lamp system.
Background technology
At present, atmospheric pollution is a global problem. WHO delivers report and claims: atmospheric pollution is carcinogenic, more seriously: how control atmosphere pollution is a pendulum difficult problem in face of the mankind.
For China, Particulate Pollution is very wide to the coverage of China's urban air-quality, it it is the primary factor of most urban air pollution, China took multinomial measure in air pollution treatment in the last few years, the atmosphere pollution capacity calculation work that such as whole nation is carried out, and drastically increased ambient air quality management level, but owing to Particulate Pollution degree is serious, problem is complicated, and from the variation tendency of Particulate Pollution, most city shows no signs of improvement.
It addition, the harmful substance composition that every country and local pollution control air comprise is not quite similar. It is that haze harm increases the weight of that China's many areas air quality worsens, and increasing occurs in haze weather phenomenon. Haze, is the general designation of mist and haze, and sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and pellet these three are mainly comprising of haze, and the above two are gaseous contaminant, and last particulate matter is only and increases the weight of the arch-criminal that haze weather is polluted. They and fog combine, and allow sky moment become dusky. Particularly the diameter contaminant particle less than or equal to 2.5 microns itself is a kind of pollutant, is again the carrier of the noxious substance such as heavy metal, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. After being sucked alveolar by people or rest in alveolar, or entering blood system, endanger huge, this is also the reason that contaminated air is carcinogenic.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is to solve weak point of the prior art, it is provided that a kind of by the installation of rationally layouting in city, just can reach purifying city air, reduce the urban road electrostatic precipitation road lamp system of airborne dust and haze.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that urban road electrostatic precipitation road lamp system, including transformer station and automatization's dedusting street lamp of being uniformly arranged along the other interval of urban road; All automatizatioies dedusting street lamp is connected with transformer station after cable parallel connection; Automatization's dedusting street lamp includes lamp body, column, opto-electronic conversion mechanism and garbage collecting mechanism, column hollow and penetrating up and down, column external form is rectangular structure, column bottom is fixed on by road, is sequentially provided with automatic wind mechanism, automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism, water circulation type dust cleaning machine structure and distribution box in column from top to bottom; Opto-electronic conversion mechanism is arranged on column top, garbage collecting mechanism is arranged on outside column upper port, distribution box is positioned at column bottom, opto-electronic conversion mechanism, automatic wind mechanism, automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism, water circulation type dust cleaning machine structure and garbage collecting mechanism are connected with distribution box respectively through wire, and distribution box is connected with transformer station by cable;
Automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism includes high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, guide ring and be positioned at the installation frame below high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder is positioned at below automatic wind mechanism, two pieces of fixed blocks being positioned at above high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder it are arranged with in column, installation frame is grid framework, installation frame is provided with electrode connecting plate vertically upward, electrode connecting plate and high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder are coaxially set, on electrode connecting plate, uniform vertical is provided with electrion pole plate, it is provided with in column and is arranged with two cleaning reducing motors, cleaning reducing motor is between installation frame and high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, the main shaft of cleaning reducing motor is connected with the first screw mandrel all vertically upward, first screw mandrel upper end is connected on fixed block each through bearing, first screw mandrel is positioned at high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, guide ring is threaded on two first screw mandrels, guide ring circumferential outer surface is provided with annular brush, annular brush and high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder contact internal walls,
Water circulation type dust cleaning machine structure includes jet pipe, sedimentation tank and clear water reserviors, sedimentation tank and clear water reserviors are positioned under the road ground of adjacent stud, sedimentation tank and clear water reserviors are arranged side by side, the outlet pass being interconnected it is provided with between sedimentation tank and the top of clear water reserviors, outlet pass place is provided with water strainer, sedimentation tank top side detachable is provided with cover plate, clear water reserviors top is provided with cleaning water pump, the water inlet of cleaning water pump extend in clear water reserviors, the outlet of cleaning water pump is connected with jet pipe one end, the jet pipe other end extend in column and is connected to the water spray plate of hollow-core construction, water spray plate is positioned at above high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, water spray plate lower surface is uniformly provided with the shower nozzle towards high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, jet pipe is provided with the electromagnetic valve for regulating injection flow rate outside column,
Column bottom surrounding is equipped with air outlet, it is provided with between all air outlets air-out wind scooper in column, air-out wind scooper is up-small and down-big conical structure, the water tray below air-out wind scooper it is provided with in column bottom, it is positioned at water tray bottom air-out wind scooper, having annular gap between water tray medial wall and edge, air-out wind scooper lower end, water tray is connected with sedimentation tank by connecting pipe.
Opto-electronic conversion mechanism includes solar panel and steering linkage, column top is connected to the fixed mount that external form is rectangle, fixed mount top is provided with fixing plate, fixing plate upper surface is fixed with support bar vertically upward, supporting bar top is by spherical hinge and solar panel bottom-hinged, solar panel is obliquely installed, support bar is provided with steer motor, the main shaft key of steer motor is connected to and turns to driving dish, steering linkage one end is with to turn to driving dish eccentric part hinged, and the steering linkage other end is hinged with solar panel edge; Solar panel is provided with sun-sensor, accumulator battery and controller it is provided with in distribution box, solar panel, steer motor and controller are connected with accumulator battery respectively through wire, accumulator battery is connected with transformer station by cable, the cable that accumulator battery is connected with transformer station is provided with inverter, sun-sensor and steer motor be connected with controller respectively through signal line.
Automatic wind mechanism is positioned on the column below opto-electronic conversion mechanism, the primary filter screen frame that automatic wind mechanism includes wind-guiding motor and external form is rectangle, primary filter screen frame is provided with drainage screen, the outer profile size of primary filter screen frame is equivalently-sized with column cross-section, on the right side of primary filter screen frame by the first hinge on the right side of column upper end, first bearing pin is fixing with primary filter screen frame to be connected, one end of first bearing pin is connected with renovates motor, primary filter screen frame bottom left and right side are equipped with support, support on the left of primary filter screen frame is rotatably connected to driven pulley, support on the right side of primary filter screen frame is rotatably connected to drivewheel, the centrage of drivewheel and driven pulley is all and plane-parallel, coaxial on drivewheel it is connected with removing drive motor, drivewheel is in transmission connection by belt and driven pulley, belt outer surface is provided with Clean Brush for cleaning, Clean Brush for cleaning contacts with drainage screen lower surface, wind-guiding motor is positioned at the column below primary filter screen frame, wind-guiding electric machine main shaft is connected to centrifugal impeller vertically upward, the air intake air guide structure between primary filter screen frame and wind-guiding motor vertically it is provided with in column, air intake air guide structure includes up big and down small wind gathering cover and up-small and down-big wind scooper, centrifugal impeller and wind-guiding motor are respectively positioned in wind scooper, bottom wind gathering cover upper port next-door neighbour's primary filter screen frame, between edge, wind gathering cover upper end and column inwall, it is provided with sealing ring.
Garbage collecting mechanism is positioned at primary filter screen frame and renovates below motor hinged place, and garbage collecting mechanism includes worm-gear speed reducer, the second screw mandrel, sliding connecting base, refuse bag retainer ring and refuse bag, column side vertically offers pilot hole, column is provided with the limit switch of contiguous pilot hole upper end, column outer wall vertically offers two slide rails being positioned at pilot hole both sides, worm-gear speed reducer is held within renovating in the column below motor, worm-gear speed reducer is connected by wire with limit switch, second screw mandrel is vertically rotatably connected in column, worm-gear speed reducer is connected by shaft coupling and the second screw mandrel upper end, it is threaded on the second screw mandrel on the left of sliding connecting base, pass pilot hole on the right side of sliding connecting base and be slidably connected on two slide rails, the second bearing pin is passed through hinged with refuse bag retainer ring on the right side of sliding connecting base, second bearing pin is fixing with refuse bag retainer ring to be connected, one end of second bearing pin is connected with rubbish rotary electric machine, refuse bag open-mouth is connected with refuse bag retainer ring.
Distribution box is positioned at the column below air-out wind scooper; It is provided with accumulator battery in distribution box, cleans pump switch, renovates motor switch, worm-gear speed reducer switch, rubbish rotary electric machine switch, wind-guiding motor control switch, remove drive motor switch and high-pressure electrostatic precipitation switch, renovate motor, worm-gear speed reducer, removing drive motor and rubbish rotary electric machine and be connected with accumulator battery respectively through wire.
Adopting technique scheme, the specifically used method of the present invention is: installing arranging in other around urban road for automatization's dedusting street lamp and urban cells, all automatizatioies dedusting street lamp is connected with transformer station through cable associating, first under the drive of wind-guiding motor, air to be clean is first drawn into primary filter screen frame from column upper end by centrifugal impeller, primary filter screen frame filters bigger object impurity, such as leaves, trifling and plastics etc., then air to be clean enters in automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism, electrion pole plate is negative pole, high voltage electric field is formed between electrion pole plate and high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, air to be clean enters in high voltage electric field and is ionized, in high voltage electric field, the molecule in air to be clean is ionized as cation and electronics, electronics marches on towards and runs into grit in anode process, make that grit is electronegative is adsorbed onto high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder surface, air to be clean discharges by the air outlet of column bottom and along air-out wind scooper appearance after deeper purification, repeatedly circularly purifying, incity, city air becomes more and more totally fresh,
Being stored in accumulator battery it addition, new forms of energy solar energy is changed by solar panel, accumulator battery provides electric energy for renovating motor, worm-gear speed reducer, wire motor and rubbish rotary electric machine, opto-electronic conversion mechanism is regulated by optical sensor and makes solar panel all the time towards the sun, concrete control method is: solar panel is provided with sun-sensor, when sun-sensor can't accept light irradiation, controller is passed data to even by signal line, signal is fed back to steer motor after receiving signal by controller, steer motor drives and turns to driving dish to rotate, the steering linkage turning to driving dish eccentric part hinged pulls solar panel to rotate, when sun-sensor receives light irradiation again, signal is passed to controller by sun-sensor, controller sends signal and stops steer motor work, by above control method, solar panel is all the time towards the sun,
When the rubbish impurity on primary drainage screen frame is too much, can first open rubbish rotary electric machine switch, rubbish rotary electric machine rotating opening refuse bag retainer ring, refuse bag retainer ring is made to be in level, then start and renovate motor, the primary filter screen frame hinged with renovating motor outwards reverses around hinged place, in Umklapp process, rubbish impurity on primary filter screen frame drops in refuse bag, then start and remove drive motor, remove drive motor and rotate drive drivewheel rotation, drivewheel is rotated by belt drive driven pulley, belt is provided with Clean Brush for cleaning, belt transmission, Clean Brush for cleaning can clean the dust on primary filter screen frame on drainage screen, dust drops in refuse bag, when rubbish thing in the bag that removes rubbish, worm-gear speed reducer can be started, worm-gear speed reducer drives the radially rotation of the second screw mandrel, sliding connecting base on second screw mandrel moves downward along two slide rails, the refuse bag retainer ring that sliding connecting base side connects falls, and can pour out the rubbish thing in refuse bag afterwards easily,
After using the present invention to remove a period of time, the a large amount of micronic dust impurity of colony on high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, now open cleaning reducing motor switch, first screw mandrel drives guide ring to move up and down, guide ring is provided with annular brush, annular brush sweeps up and down at high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder inwall, the dust of high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder inwall colony is removed with this, then cleaning pump switch is opened, extract the cleaning water in clear water reserviors and flow to shower nozzle through jet pipe under the drive of cleaning water pump, electromagnetic valve is for the flow of water in adjustable jet tube, cleaning water is outwards sprayed cleaning high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder by shower nozzle, sewage after cleaning flow to water tray along the air-out wind scooper upper surface of column bottom, and it is flow to sedimentation tank by water tray through connecting pipe, after deposition after a while, sedimentation tank internal upper part is clean cleaning water, cleaning water is flowed into clear water reserviors by outlet pass, standby to clean high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder at any time, additionally when the foreign material mud in sedimentation tank is too much, cover plate can be opened, clean out the foreign material mud in sedimentation tank in time.
The method have the advantages that
(1) first air to be clean is carried out primary purifying by primary filter screen frame, mainly for some with flowing into the bigger object impurity of gas in column, such as leaves, trifling and plastics etc., it is positioned at column upper end owing to arranging position during cleaning, remove manually and certainly will bother, therefore the present invention adopts rubbish rotary electric machine to drive upset refuse bag retainer ring, renovate the methods such as driven by motor upset primary filter screen frame, the rubbish incidental on primary filter screen frame is made to automatically fall in refuse bag, and drive Clean Brush for cleaning that the drainage screen on primary filter screen frame is cleaned by removing drive motor, prevent a large amount of micronic dust blocking drainage screen mesh,
(2) automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism utilizes electrostatic precipitation principle that air to be clean is carried out more further purified treatment, and when the micronic dust absorption of high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder is too many, cleaning reducing motor can be opened, guide ring is utilized to move up and down, annular brush starts to clean the dust of high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder inwall, cleaning pump switch can also be opened after cleaning, extract the cleaning water in clear water reserviors and flow to shower nozzle through jet pipe under the drive of cleaning water pump, outwards sprayed by shower nozzle, and clean high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, sewage after cleaning flow to water tray along the air-out wind scooper upper surface of column bottom, and it is flow to sedimentation tank by water tray through connecting pipe, after deposition after a while, sedimentation tank internal upper part is clean cleaning water, cleaning water is flowed into clear water reserviors by outlet pass, standby to clean high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder at any time, additionally when the foreign material mud in sedimentation tank is too much, cover plate can be opened, clean out the foreign material mud in sedimentation tank in time,
(3) making full use of solar energy new forms of energy provides electric energy for renovating motor, worm-gear speed reducer, wire motor and rubbish rotary electric machine, and unnecessary electricity is stored in accumulator battery, and by inverter, unidirectional current is converted to alternating current, transformer station is sent to by cable electric energy the most at last, to supply user's use, fully efficiently utilize solar energy, environmental protection and saving;
(4) sun-sensor can sense sunlight, when sun-sensor can't accept light irradiation, controller is passed data to even by signal line, signal is fed back to steer motor after receiving signal by controller, steer motor drives and turns to driving dish to rotate, the steering linkage turning to driving dish eccentric part hinged pulls solar panel to rotate, when sun-sensor receives light irradiation again, signal is passed to controller by sun-sensor, controller sends signal and stops steer motor work, by above control method, solar panel is all the time towards the sun, fully accept solar energy,
(5) water in reusable edible clear water reserviors rinses the dust on high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, sewage after cleaning flows in sedimentation tank, and after precipitation, in sedimentation tank, the cleaning water of top flows into clear water reserviors through outlet pass, recycling successively, abundant Appropriate application water source is self-supporting circulation flushing also.
In sum, present configuration is simple, reasonable in design, by rationally layouting in effective other at urban road or community, effectively eliminates airborne dust and haze in city, arrives purifying city air.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structure distribution figure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of automatization's dedusting street lamp in the present embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing at A place in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the dextrad view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism in the present embodiment;
Fig. 6 filters the structural representation that dust collection mechanism is connected with column in the present embodiment.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in figures 1 to 6, the urban road electrostatic precipitation road lamp system of the present invention, including transformer station 1 and automatization's dedusting street lamp 70 of being uniformly arranged along the other interval of urban road; All automatizatioies dedusting street lamp 70 is connected with transformer station 1 after cable 38 parallel connection; Automatization's dedusting street lamp 70 includes lamp body 71, column 3, opto-electronic conversion mechanism and garbage collecting mechanism, column 3 hollow and penetrating up and down, column 3 external form is rectangular structure, column 3 bottom is fixed on by road, be sequentially provided with automatic wind mechanism in column 3 from top to bottom, filter dust collection mechanism, automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism, water circulation type dust cleaning machine structure and distribution box; Opto-electronic conversion mechanism is arranged on column 3 top, garbage collecting mechanism is arranged on outside column upper port, distribution box 35 is positioned at bottom column 3, opto-electronic conversion mechanism, automatic wind mechanism, automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism, water circulation type dust cleaning machine structure and garbage collecting mechanism are connected with distribution box 35 respectively through wire, and distribution box 35 is connected with transformer station 1 by cable 38.
Automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism includes high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20, guide ring 21 and be positioned at the installation frame 22 below high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20, high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20 is positioned at below automatic wind mechanism, two pieces of fixed blocks being positioned at above high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20 72 it are arranged with in column 3, installation frame 22 is grid framework, installation frame 22 is provided with electrode connecting plate 23 vertically upward, electrode connecting plate 23 and high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20 are coaxially set, on electrode connecting plate 23, uniform vertical is provided with electrion pole plate 75, it is provided with in column and is arranged with two cleaning reducing motors 74, cleaning reducing motor 74 is between installation frame 22 and high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20, the main shaft of cleaning reducing motor 74 is connected with the first screw mandrel 73 all vertically upward, first screw mandrel 73 upper end is connected on fixed block 72 each through bearing, first screw mandrel 73 is positioned at high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20, guide ring 21 is threaded on two first screw mandrels 73, guide ring 21 circumferential outer surface is provided with annular brush 76, annular brush 76 and high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20 contact internal walls.
Water circulation type dust cleaning machine structure includes jet pipe 24, sedimentation tank 2 and clear water reserviors 59, sedimentation tank 2 and clear water reserviors 59 are positioned under the road ground of adjacent stud 3, sedimentation tank 2 and clear water reserviors 59 are arranged side by side, the outlet pass being interconnected it is provided with between the top of sedimentation tank 2 and clear water reserviors 59, it is not shown that outlet pass place is provided with water strainer, outlet pass and water strainer; Sedimentation tank 2 top side detachable is provided with cover plate 60, clear water reserviors 59 top is provided with cleaning water pump 39, the water inlet of cleaning water pump 39 extend in clear water reserviors 59, the outlet of cleaning water pump 39 is connected with jet pipe 24 one end, jet pipe 24 other end extend in column 3 and is connected to the water spray plate 25 of hollow-core construction, water spray plate 25 is positioned at above high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20, water spray plate 25 lower surface is uniformly provided with the shower nozzle 26 towards high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20, and jet pipe 24 is provided with the electromagnetic valve 61 for regulating injection flow rate outside column 3;
Column 3 bottom surrounding is equipped with air outlet 33, air-out wind scooper 34 between all air outlets 33 it is provided with in column 3, air-out wind scooper 34 is up-small and down-big conical structure, the water tray 57 below air-out wind scooper 34 it is provided with in bottom column 3, water tray 57 it is positioned at bottom air-out wind scooper 34, having annular gap between water tray 57 medial wall and edge, air-out wind scooper 34 lower end, water tray 57 is connected with sedimentation tank 2 by connecting pipe 58.
Opto-electronic conversion mechanism includes solar panel 4 and steering linkage 49, column 3 top is connected to the fixed mount 45 that external form is rectangle, fixed mount 45 top is provided with fixing plate 46, fixing plate 46 upper surface is fixed with support bar 40 vertically upward, support bar 40 top is by spherical hinge 47 and solar panel 4 bottom-hinged, solar panel 4 is obliquely installed, support bar 40 is provided with steer motor 56, the main shaft key of steer motor 56 is connected to and turns to driving dish 48, steering linkage 49 one end is with to turn to driving dish 48 eccentric part hinged, steering linkage 49 other end is hinged with solar panel 4 edge, solar panel 4 is provided with sun-sensor 50, distribution box 35 is provided with accumulator battery and controller, solar panel 4, steer motor 56 and controller are connected with accumulator battery respectively through wire, accumulator battery is connected with transformer station 1 by cable 38, the cable 38 that accumulator battery is connected with transformer station 1 is provided with inverter, sun-sensor 50 and steer motor 56 be connected with controller respectively through signal line.
Accumulator battery, sun-sensor and inverter are prior art, not shown;
Controller is prior art, not shown, it is possible to adopt PLC or the existing apparatus such as single-chip microcomputer or integrated circuit.
Automatic wind mechanism is positioned on the column 3 below opto-electronic conversion mechanism, the primary filter screen frame 5 that automatic wind mechanism includes wind-guiding motor 6 and external form is rectangle, primary filter screen frame 5 is provided with drainage screen, the outer profile size of primary filter screen frame 5 is equivalently-sized with column 3 cross section, on the right side of primary filter screen frame 5 by the first hinge on the right side of column 3 upper end, first bearing pin is not shown, first bearing pin is fixing with primary filter screen frame 5 to be connected, one end of first bearing pin is connected with renovates motor 7, primary filter screen frame 5 bottom left and right side are equipped with support 8, support 8 on the left of primary filter screen frame 5 is rotatably connected to driven pulley 9, support 8 on the right side of primary filter screen frame 5 is rotatably connected to drivewheel 10, the centrage of drivewheel 10 and driven pulley 9 is all and plane-parallel, on drivewheel 10, coaxial being connected with removes drive motor 11, drivewheel 10 is in transmission connection by belt and driven pulley 9, belt 12 outer surface is provided with Clean Brush for cleaning 13, Clean Brush for cleaning 13 contacts with drainage screen lower surface, wind-guiding motor 6 is positioned at the column 3 below primary filter screen frame 5, wind-guiding motor 6 main shaft is connected to centrifugal impeller 14 vertically upward, the air intake air guide structure between primary filter screen frame 5 and wind-guiding motor 6 vertically it is provided with in column 3, air intake air guide structure includes up big and down small wind gathering cover 15 and up-small and down-big wind scooper 52, centrifugal impeller 14 and wind-guiding motor 6 are respectively positioned in wind scooper 52, bottom wind gathering cover 15 upper port next-door neighbour's primary filter screen frame 5, between edge, wind gathering cover 15 upper end and column 3 inwall, it is provided with sealing ring 53.
Filter dust collection mechanism and be positioned at the column 3 below automatic wind mechanism, filter dust collection mechanism and include filter frame 17 and the activated carbon filtration core 18 being located on filter frame 17, filter frame 17 is close to wind scooper 52 lower port, it is equipped with dovetail fin 19 with rear side on front side of filter frame 17, column 3 inwall is provided with dovetail groove 54, filter frame 17 is slided by dovetail fin 19 level from left to right and is plugged in dovetail groove 54, article two, on the right side of dovetail fin 19, it is equipped with cylindrical groove 41, groove 41 opening is towards column 3 inwall, place kick 42 it is provided with in groove 41, the diameter of place kick 42 is less than the radius of groove 41, between place kick 42 and groove 41 inwall, apical grafting has compression spring 43, the cell wall on the left of dovetail groove 54 and right side all offers circular locating slot 55, dovetail fin 19 and dovetail groove 54 outer surface are equipped with high-density polyethylene layer 44, and filter frame 17 is provided with the handle 16 outside column 3.
Garbage collecting mechanism be positioned at primary filter screen frame 5 with 7 hinged places of renovating motor below, garbage collecting mechanism includes worm-gear speed reducer the 27, second screw mandrel 28, sliding connecting base 30, refuse bag retainer ring 31 and refuse bag 32, column 3 side vertically offers pilot hole 36, column 3 is provided with the limit switch 51 of contiguous pilot hole 36 upper end, column 3 outer wall vertically offers two slide rails 37 being positioned at pilot hole 36 both sides, worm-gear speed reducer 27 is held within renovating in the column 3 below motor 7, worm-gear speed reducer 27 is connected by wire with limit switch 51, second screw mandrel 28 is vertically rotatably connected in column 3, worm-gear speed reducer 27 is connected by shaft coupling and the second screw mandrel 28 upper end, it is threaded on the second screw mandrel 28 on the left of sliding connecting base 30, pass pilot hole 36 on the right side of sliding connecting base 30 and be slidably connected on two slide rails 37, the second bearing pin is passed through hinged with refuse bag retainer ring 31 on the right side of sliding connecting base 30, second bearing pin is not shown, second bearing pin is fixing with refuse bag retainer ring 31 to be connected, one end of second bearing pin is connected with rubbish rotary electric machine 29, refuse bag 32 open-mouth is connected with refuse bag retainer ring 31.
Distribution box 35 is positioned at the column 3 below air-out wind scooper 34; It is provided with accumulator battery in distribution box 35, cleans pump switch, renovates motor switch, worm-gear speed reducer switch, rubbish rotary electric machine switch, wind-guiding motor control switch, remove drive motor switch and high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case switch, renovate motor 7, worm-gear speed reducer 27, cleaning water pump 39, remove drive motor 11 and rubbish rotary electric machine 29 is connected with accumulator battery respectively through wire.
The specifically used method of the present invention is: installing arranging in other around urban road for automatization's dedusting street lamp 70 and urban cells, all automatizatioies dedusting street lamp 70 is connected with transformer station 1 through cable 38 associating, first under the drive of wind-guiding motor 6, air to be clean is first drawn into primary filter screen frame 5 from column 3 upper end by centrifugal impeller 14, primary filter screen frame 5 filters bigger object impurity, such as leaves, trifling and plastics etc., then air to be clean enters into filtration dust collection mechanism after primary purifying, the activated carbon filtration core 18 filtered on dust collection mechanism adsorbs the larger particles impurity in air to be clean, gaseous contaminant and harmful gaseous pollutant, air to be clean enters in automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism after purifying further, then air to be clean enters in automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism, electrion pole plate 75 is negative pole, high voltage electric field is formed between electrion pole plate 75 and high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20, air to be clean enters in high voltage electric field and is ionized, in high voltage electric field, the molecule in air to be clean is ionized as cation and electronics, electronics marches on towards and runs into grit in anode process, make that grit is electronegative is adsorbed onto high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20 surface, air to be clean discharges by the air outlet 33 of column 3 bottom and along air-out wind scooper 34 appearance after deeper purification, repeatedly circularly purifying, incity, city air becomes more and more totally fresh,
Being stored in accumulator battery it addition, new forms of energy solar energy is changed by solar panel 4, accumulator battery provides electric energy for renovating motor 7, worm-gear speed reducer 27, wire motor and rubbish rotary electric machine 29, opto-electronic conversion mechanism is regulated by optical sensor and makes solar panel 4 all the time towards the sun, concrete control method is: solar panel 4 is provided with sun-sensor 50, when sun-sensor 50 can't accept light irradiation, controller is passed data to even by signal line, signal is fed back to steer motor 56 by controller after receiving signal, steer motor 56 drives and turns to driving dish 48 to rotate, the steering linkage 49 turning to driving dish 48 eccentric part hinged pulls solar panel 4 to rotate, when sun-sensor 50 receives light irradiation again, signal is passed to controller by sun-sensor 50, controller sends signal stopping steer motor 56 and works, by above control method, solar panel 4 is all the time towards the sun,
When the rubbish impurity on primary drainage screen frame 5 is too much, can first open rubbish rotary electric machine 29 to switch, rubbish rotary electric machine 29 rotating opening refuse bag retainer ring 31, refuse bag retainer ring 31 is made to be in level, then start and renovate motor 7, the primary filter screen frame 5 hinged with renovating motor 7 outwards reverses around hinged place, in Umklapp process, rubbish impurity on primary filter screen frame 5 drops in refuse bag 32, then start and remove drive motor 11, removing drive motor 11 rotation drives drivewheel 10 to rotate, drivewheel 10 drives driven pulley 9 to rotate by belt 12, belt 12 is provided with Clean Brush for cleaning 13, belt 12 transmission, Clean Brush for cleaning 13 can clean the dust on primary filter screen frame 5 on drainage screen, dust drops in refuse bag 32, when rubbish thing in the bag 32 that removes rubbish, worm-gear speed reducer 27 can be started, worm-gear speed reducer 27 drives the radially rotation of the second screw mandrel 28, sliding connecting base 30 on second screw mandrel 28 moves downward along two slide rails 37, the refuse bag retainer ring 31 that sliding connecting base 30 side connects falls, and can pour out the rubbish thing in refuse bag 32 afterwards easily,
When the activated carbon filtration core 18 on filter frame 17 adsorbs a large amount of micronic dust, replaceable activated carbon filtration core 18, concrete operations are, original state place kick 42 is by compressing spring 43 apical grafting in right positioner groove 55, then handle 16 is slowly pulled to the left, dovetail fin 19 on filter frame 17 slides in and out along dovetail groove 54, place kick 42 slowly rolls out right positioner groove 55 and rolls to the left under the drive of dovetail fin 19, operator contacts place kick 42 by feel and falls in left positioner groove 55 in the effect of compression spring 43, stop drag handle 16, take out the activated carbon filtration core 18 lost efficacy, the activated carbon filtration core 18 more renewed, then handle 16 is promoted, filter frame 17 is made to reset, dovetail fin 19 and dovetail groove 54 outer surface are equipped with high-density polyethylene layer 44, high-density polyethylene layer 44 is used for making filter frame 17 be sealedly connected on column 3 inwall,
After using the present invention to remove a period of time, the a large amount of micronic dust impurity of colony on high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20, now open cleaning reducing motor 74 to switch, first screw mandrel 73 drives guide ring 21 to move up and down, guide ring 21 is provided with annular brush 76, annular brush 76 sweeps up and down at high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20 inwall, the dust of high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder 20 inwall colony is removed with this, open cleaning pump switch afterwards, extract the cleaning water in clear water reserviors 59 and flow to shower nozzle 26 through jet pipe 24 under the drive of cleaning water pump 39, electromagnetic valve 61 is for the flow of water in adjustable jet tube 24, cleaning water is outwards sprayed cleaning high-voltage dust-collecting positive plate 22 and high-voltage dust-collecting negative plate 23 by shower nozzle 26, sewage after cleaning flow to water tray 57 along air-out wind scooper 34 upper surface of column 3 bottom, and it is flow to sedimentation tank 2 by water tray 57 through connecting pipe 58, after deposition after a while, sedimentation tank 2 internal upper part is clean cleaning water, cleaning water is flowed into clear water reserviors 59 by outlet pass, standby to clean high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case at any time, additionally when the foreign material mud in sedimentation tank 2 is too much, cover plate 60 can be opened, clean out the foreign material mud in sedimentation tank 2 in time.
The shape of the present invention, material, structure etc. are not done any pro forma restriction by the present embodiment; every any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification above example made according to the technical spirit of the present invention, belongs to the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. urban road electrostatic precipitation road lamp system, it is characterised in that: include transformer station and the automatization's dedusting street lamp being uniformly arranged along the other interval of urban road; All automatizatioies dedusting street lamp is connected with transformer station after cable parallel connection; Automatization's dedusting street lamp includes lamp body, column, opto-electronic conversion mechanism and garbage collecting mechanism, column hollow and penetrating up and down, column external form is rectangular structure, column bottom is fixed on by road, is sequentially provided with automatic wind mechanism, automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism, water circulation type dust cleaning machine structure and distribution box in column from top to bottom; Opto-electronic conversion mechanism is arranged on column top, garbage collecting mechanism is arranged on outside column upper port, distribution box is positioned at column bottom, opto-electronic conversion mechanism, automatic wind mechanism, automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism, water circulation type dust cleaning machine structure and garbage collecting mechanism are connected with distribution box respectively through wire, and distribution box is connected with transformer station by cable;
Automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism includes high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, guide ring and be positioned at the installation frame below high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder is positioned at below automatic wind mechanism, two pieces of fixed blocks being positioned at above high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder it are arranged with in column, installation frame is grid framework, installation frame is provided with electrode connecting plate vertically upward, electrode connecting plate and high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder are coaxially set, on electrode connecting plate, uniform vertical is provided with electrion pole plate, it is provided with in column and is arranged with two cleaning reducing motors, cleaning reducing motor is between installation frame and high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, the main shaft of cleaning reducing motor is connected with the first screw mandrel all vertically upward, first screw mandrel upper end is connected on fixed block each through bearing, first screw mandrel is positioned at high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, guide ring is threaded on two first screw mandrels, guide ring circumferential outer surface is provided with annular brush, annular brush and high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder contact internal walls,
Water circulation type dust cleaning machine structure includes jet pipe, sedimentation tank and clear water reserviors, sedimentation tank and clear water reserviors are positioned under the road ground of adjacent stud, sedimentation tank and clear water reserviors are arranged side by side, the outlet pass being interconnected it is provided with between sedimentation tank and the top of clear water reserviors, outlet pass place is provided with water strainer, sedimentation tank top side detachable is provided with cover plate, clear water reserviors top is provided with cleaning water pump, the water inlet of cleaning water pump extend in clear water reserviors, the outlet of cleaning water pump is connected with jet pipe one end, the jet pipe other end extend in column and is connected to the water spray plate of hollow-core construction, water spray plate is positioned at above high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, water spray plate lower surface is uniformly provided with the shower nozzle towards high-voltage positive electrode dust-collecting cylinder, jet pipe is provided with the electromagnetic valve for regulating injection flow rate outside column,
Column bottom surrounding is equipped with air outlet, it is provided with between all air outlets air-out wind scooper in column, air-out wind scooper is up-small and down-big conical structure, the water tray below air-out wind scooper it is provided with in column bottom, it is positioned at water tray bottom air-out wind scooper, having annular gap between water tray medial wall and edge, air-out wind scooper lower end, water tray is connected with sedimentation tank by connecting pipe.
2. urban road electrostatic precipitation road lamp system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: opto-electronic conversion mechanism includes solar panel and steering linkage, column top is connected to the fixed mount that external form is rectangle, fixed mount top is provided with fixing plate, fixing plate upper surface is fixed with support bar vertically upward, supporting bar top is by spherical hinge and solar panel bottom-hinged, solar panel is obliquely installed, support bar is provided with steer motor, the main shaft key of steer motor is connected to and turns to driving dish, steering linkage one end is with to turn to driving dish eccentric part hinged, the steering linkage other end is hinged with solar panel edge, solar panel is provided with sun-sensor, accumulator battery and controller it is provided with in distribution box, solar panel, steer motor and controller are connected with accumulator battery respectively through wire, accumulator battery is connected with transformer station by cable, the cable that accumulator battery is connected with transformer station is provided with inverter, sun-sensor and steer motor be connected with controller respectively through signal line.
3. urban road electrostatic precipitation road lamp system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: automatic wind mechanism is positioned on the column below opto-electronic conversion mechanism, the primary filter screen frame that automatic wind mechanism includes wind-guiding motor and external form is rectangle, primary filter screen frame is provided with drainage screen, the outer profile size of primary filter screen frame is equivalently-sized with column cross-section, on the right side of primary filter screen frame by the first hinge on the right side of column upper end, first bearing pin is fixing with primary filter screen frame to be connected, one end of first bearing pin is connected with renovates motor, primary filter screen frame bottom left and right side are equipped with support, support on the left of primary filter screen frame is rotatably connected to driven pulley, support on the right side of primary filter screen frame is rotatably connected to drivewheel, the centrage of drivewheel and driven pulley is all and plane-parallel, coaxial on drivewheel it is connected with removing drive motor, drivewheel is in transmission connection by belt and driven pulley, belt outer surface is provided with Clean Brush for cleaning, Clean Brush for cleaning contacts with drainage screen lower surface, wind-guiding motor is positioned at the column below primary filter screen frame, wind-guiding electric machine main shaft is connected to centrifugal impeller vertically upward, the air intake air guide structure between primary filter screen frame and wind-guiding motor vertically it is provided with in column, air intake air guide structure includes up big and down small wind gathering cover and up-small and down-big wind scooper, centrifugal impeller and wind-guiding motor are respectively positioned in wind scooper, bottom wind gathering cover upper port next-door neighbour's primary filter screen frame, between edge, wind gathering cover upper end and column inwall, it is provided with sealing ring.
4. urban road electrostatic precipitation road lamp system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: garbage collecting mechanism is positioned at primary filter screen frame and renovates below motor hinged place, and garbage collecting mechanism includes worm-gear speed reducer, the second screw mandrel, sliding connecting base, refuse bag retainer ring and refuse bag, column side vertically offers pilot hole, column is provided with the limit switch of contiguous pilot hole upper end, column outer wall vertically offers two slide rails being positioned at pilot hole both sides, worm-gear speed reducer is held within renovating in the column below motor, worm-gear speed reducer is connected by wire with limit switch, second screw mandrel is vertically rotatably connected in column, worm-gear speed reducer is connected by shaft coupling and the second screw mandrel upper end, it is threaded on the second screw mandrel on the left of sliding connecting base, pass pilot hole on the right side of sliding connecting base and be slidably connected on two slide rails, the second bearing pin is passed through hinged with refuse bag retainer ring on the right side of sliding connecting base, second bearing pin is fixing with refuse bag retainer ring to be connected, one end of second bearing pin is connected with rubbish rotary electric machine, refuse bag open-mouth is connected with refuse bag retainer ring.
5. urban road electrostatic precipitation road lamp system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: distribution box is positioned at the column below air-out wind scooper; It is provided with accumulator battery in distribution box, cleans pump switch, renovates motor switch, worm-gear speed reducer switch, rubbish rotary electric machine switch, wind-guiding motor control switch, remove drive motor switch and high-pressure electrostatic precipitation switch, renovate motor, worm-gear speed reducer, removing drive motor and rubbish rotary electric machine and be connected with accumulator battery respectively through wire.
CN201510961890.7A 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 Urban road electrostatic precipitation road lamp system Active CN105617803B (en)

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CN103968320A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-08-06 无锡同春新能源科技有限公司 Street lamp device with photovoltaic power generation as power supply source and used for collecting fine particles in air
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN108180430A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-19 郑州艾莫弗信息技术有限公司 A kind of environment-friendly street lamp with air purification function
CN112619231A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-04-09 何光芹 New forms of energy dust collecting equipment

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