CN105546686B - Cities and towns purification of air layout system - Google Patents

Cities and towns purification of air layout system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105546686B
CN105546686B CN201510961883.7A CN201510961883A CN105546686B CN 105546686 B CN105546686 B CN 105546686B CN 201510961883 A CN201510961883 A CN 201510961883A CN 105546686 B CN105546686 B CN 105546686B
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China
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column
motor
air
dust
wind
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CN105546686A (en
Inventor
王震虎
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China Blue Environmental Technology Co., Ltd.
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Huanghe Science and Technology College
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/108Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering using dry filter elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/117Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering using wet filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/15Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means
    • F24F8/158Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means using active carbon
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/192Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by electrical means, e.g. by applying electrostatic fields or high voltages

Abstract

Cities and towns purification of air layout system, including transformer station, water stop and the automation dust arrester being uniformly arranged along interval by urban road;All automation dust arresters are connected after cable parallel connection with transformer station, and all automation dust arresters are connected after water supply line parallel connection with water stop;Automation dust arrester includes column, opto-electronic conversion mechanism and garbage collecting mechanism, column is hollow and penetrating up and down, column external form is in rectangular parallelepiped structure, column bottom is fixed on by road, is sequentially provided with automatic wind mechanism, high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case, dust cleaning machine structure and distribution box in column from top to bottom;The present invention is simple in construction, reasonable in design, by effectively rationally being layouted by urban road or in cell, effectively eliminates airborne dust and haze in city, reaches purifying city air.

Description

Cities and towns purification of air layout system
Technical field
The invention belongs to urban air field of purification, and in particular to a kind of cities and towns purification of air layout system.
Background technology
At present, atmosphere pollution is a global problem.WHO delivers report and claimed:Atmosphere pollution is carcinogenic, More seriously:How control atmosphere pollution is a problem of the pendulum in face of the mankind.
By taking China as an example, Particulate Pollution is very wide to the coverage of China's urban air-quality, is most urban airs The primary factor of pollution, in the last few years China take multinomial measure in terms of air pollution treatment, such as the whole nation carry out it is big Gas contaminant capacity calculation work, ambient air quality managerial skills are drastically increased, but due to Particulate Pollution degree Seriously, problem is complicated, and from the point of view of the variation tendency of Particulate Pollution, most city shows no signs of improvement.
In addition, the harmful substance composition that every country and local pollution control air include is not quite similar.China is much It is that haze harm aggravates that area's air quality, which deteriorates, and haze weather phenomenon increases.Haze, is the general designation of mist and haze, titanium dioxide Sulphur, nitrogen oxides and pellet this three is the main composition of haze, and the above two are gaseous contaminant, last Grain thing is only the arch-criminal for aggravating haze weather pollution.They are combined together with fog, allow sky moment to become dusky 's.Particularly contaminant particle of the diameter less than or equal to 2.5 microns is both a kind of pollutant in itself, is heavy metal again, polycyclic The carrier of the noxious materials such as aromatic hydrocarbons.Either rested on after sucking alveolar by people in alveolar, or it is huge into hematological system, harm Greatly, this is also the reason for pollution air is carcinogenic.
The content of the invention
The present invention is in order to solve weak point of the prior art, there is provided a kind of installation of rationally layouting by city, With regard to the cities and towns purification of air layout system that can reach purifying city air, reduce airborne dust and haze.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:Cities and towns purification of air layout system, including become Power station, water stop and the automation dust arrester being uniformly arranged along interval by urban road;All automation dust arresters are through electricity It is connected after cable parallel connection with transformer station, all automation dust arresters are connected after water supply line parallel connection with water stop;Automation removes Dirt device includes column, opto-electronic conversion mechanism and garbage collecting mechanism, and column is hollow and penetrating up and down, and column external form is in cuboid Structure, column bottom are fixed on by road, be sequentially provided with from top to bottom in column automatic wind mechanism, high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case, Dust cleaning machine structure and distribution box;Opto-electronic conversion mechanism is arranged on column top, and garbage collecting mechanism is arranged on column upper port Outside, distribution box are located at column bottom, opto-electronic conversion mechanism, automatic wind mechanism, high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case, dust cleaning machine structure It is connected respectively by wire with distribution box with garbage collecting mechanism, distribution box is connected by cable with transformer station;
Filtering dust collection mechanism is located in the column below automatic wind mechanism, and filtering dust collection mechanism includes filter frame and set Activated carbon filtration core on filter frame, filter frame are equipped with close to wind scooper lower port, filter frame front side and rear side Dovetail fin, column inwall are provided with dovetail groove, and by dovetail fin, horizontal slide is plugged in dovetail groove to filter frame from left to right It is interior, the groove in cylinder is equipped with the right side of two dovetail fins, for slot opening towards column inwall, groove is interior to be provided with positioning Ball, the diameter for positioning ball are less than the radius of groove, and positioning apical grafting between ball and groove inner wall has a compression spring, on the left of dovetail groove and Circular locating slot is offered on the cell wall on right side;Dovetail fin and dovetail groove outer surface are equipped with high-density polyethylene layer, mistake Filter frame is provided with the handle outside column;
Dust cleaning machine structure includes jet pipe, and jet pipe one end is connected through water supply line with water stop, and the jet pipe other end is connected with The water spray plate of hollow-core construction, water spray plate are located above high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case, and water spray plate lower surface is uniformly provided with quiet towards high pressure The shower nozzle of electric precipitation case.
Opto-electronic conversion mechanism includes solar panel and steering linkage, and be connected with that external form is rectangle at the top of column consolidates Determine frame, be provided with fixed plate at the top of fixed mount, fixed plate upper surface is fixed with support bar vertically upward, and supporting bar top passes through ball pivot Chain is hinged with solar panel bottom, and solar panel is obliquely installed, and support bar is provided with steering motor, steering motor Main shaft key is connected with steering drive disk, and steering linkage one end is hinged with turning to drive disk eccentric part, the steering linkage other end with too Positive energy cell panel edge is hinged;Solar panel is provided with sun-sensor, and batteries and control are provided with distribution box Device, solar panel, steering motor and controller are connected by wire with batteries respectively, batteries by cable with Transformer station is connected, and inverter, sun-sensor and steering motor difference are provided with the cable that batteries are connected with transformer station It is connected by signal line with controller.
Automatic wind mechanism is located on the column below opto-electronic conversion mechanism, and automatic wind mechanism is including wind guide motor and outside The primary filter screen frame that type is rectangle, primary filter screen frame are provided with screen pack, the outer profile size of primary filter screen frame with The size of column cross-section is identical, on the right side of primary filter screen frame by the first hinge on the right side of column upper end, the first bearing pin It is fixedly connected with primary filter screen frame, one end of the first bearing pin, which is connected with, renovates motor, primary filter screen frame bottom left Support is equipped with right side, is rotatably connected to driven pulley on the support on the left of primary filter screen frame, on the right side of primary filter screen frame Be rotatably connected to driving wheel on support, the center line of driving wheel and driven pulley and plane-parallel, coaxial biography on driving wheel Dynamic to be connected with removing motor, driving wheel is connected by belt and driven pulley, and belt outer surface is provided with Clean Brush for cleaning, Clean Brush for cleaning contacts with screen pack lower surface;Wind guide motor is located in the column below primary filter screen frame, wind guide motor main shaft Centrifugal impeller is connected with vertically upward, and entering between primary filter screen frame and wind guide motor is vertically provided with column Wind air guide structure, air intake air guide structure include up big and down small wind gathering cover and up-small and down-big wind scooper, centrifugal impeller and wind-guiding Motor is respectively positioned in wind scooper, and wind gathering cover upper port is close to primary filter screen frame bottom, wind gathering cover upper end edge and column inwall Between be provided with sealing ring.
High-pressure electrostatic precipitation case includes penetrating casing up and down, close to being provided with high pressure ionization at casing upper port on casing Plate, high-voltage dust-collecting positive plate and high-voltage dust-collecting negative plate, high-voltage dust-collecting positive plate and high pressure collection are vertically provided with casing The horizontally spaced setting of dirt negative plate.
Garbage collecting mechanism is located at primary filter screen frame and renovated below motor hinged place, and garbage collecting mechanism includes worm gear Worm decelerating machine, screw mandrel, sliding connecting base, refuse bag retainer ring and refuse bag;Column side vertically offers guiding Hole, column are provided with the limit switch of neighbouring pilot hole upper end, and column outer wall vertically offers two and is located at pilot hole The slide rail of both sides, worm-gear speed reducer are held within renovating in the column below motor, worm-gear speed reducer with it is spacing Switch is connected by wire, and screw mandrel is vertically rotatably connected in column, and worm-gear speed reducer passes through shaft coupling and silk Bar upper end is connected, and is threaded on the left of sliding connecting base on screw mandrel, and pilot hole is passed through on the right side of sliding connecting base and is slidably connected On two slide rails, it is hinged on the right side of sliding connecting base by the second bearing pin and refuse bag retainer ring, the second bearing pin is consolidated with refuse bag Determine ring to be fixedly connected, one end of the second bearing pin is connected with rubbish rotary electric machine, refuse bag open-mouth and refuse bag retainer ring Connection.
Column bottom surrounding is equipped with air outlet, and air-out wind scooper, air-out between all air outlets are provided with column Wind scooper is up-small and down-big conical structure, and distribution box is located in the column below air-out wind scooper;It is provided with and stores in distribution box Battery pack, jet pipe controlling switch, renovate motor switch, worm-gear speed reducer switch, rubbish rotary electric machine switch, wind guide motor Controlling switch, motor switch and high-pressure electrostatic precipitation switch are removed, renovate motor, worm-gear speed reducer, remove driving Motor and rubbish rotary electric machine are connected by wire with batteries respectively.
Using above-mentioned technical proposal, specifically used method of the invention is:Dust arrester will be automated by urban road And installation is arranged in urban cells, and be connected so automating dust arrester after water supply line parallel connection with water stop, institute There is automation dust arrester to be connected through cable and joint with transformer station;First under the drive of wind guide motor, centrifugal impeller first will Air to be clean is pumped into primary filter screen frame from column upper end, and primary filter screen frame filters larger object impurity, such as Leaf, trifling and plastics etc., then air to be clean is by entering filtering dust collection mechanism, filtering dust suction after primary purifying Activated carbon filtration core in mechanism adsorbs larger particles impurity, gaseous contaminant and harmful gaseous pollution in air to be clean Thing, then air to be clean enter in high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case, high voltage electric field, air to be clean are formed around high pressure ionization plate It is ionized in into high voltage electric field, the molecule in high voltage electric field in air to be clean is ionized as cation and electronics, electronics March on towards and grit is run into anode process, make grit is negatively charged to be adsorbed onto high-voltage dust-collecting positive pole plate surface, air to be clean is by more After profound purification by column bottom air outlet and discharged along air-out wind scooper appearance;Multiple circularly purifying, city Interior air becomes increasingly cleaner fresh;
In addition, the transformation of new energy solar energy is stored in batteries by solar panel, batteries are to renovate Motor, worm-gear speed reducer, wire motor and rubbish rotary electric machine provide electric energy;Opto-electronic conversion mechanism is adjusted by optical sensor Section makes the solar panel be towards the sun, specific adjusting method all the time:Solar panel is provided with sun-sensor, when too When positive sensor can't accept light irradiation, controller is passed data to even by signal line, controller receives letter Signal is fed back into steering motor after number, steering motor, which drives, turns to drive disk rotation, and steering drive disk eccentric part is be hinged to be turned Solar panel is pulled to rotate to pull bar, when sun-sensor receives light irradiation again, sun-sensor passes signal Pass controller, controller sends signal and stops steering motor work, by above adjusting method, solar panel court all the time To the sun;
When the rubbish impurity on primary screen pack frame is excessive, rubbish rotary electric machine switch can be first opened, rubbish rotates electricity Machine rotating opening refuse bag retainer ring, makes refuse bag retainer ring be in horizontality, then starts and renovates motor, with renovating motor Be hinged primary filter screen frame is outwards inverted around hinged place, and in Umklapp process, the rubbish impurity on primary filter screen frame is fallen into Into refuse bag, then start and remove motor, remove motor rotation and drive driving wheel to rotate, driving wheel passes through belt Driven pulley is driven to rotate, belt is provided with Clean Brush for cleaning, belt transmission, and Clean Brush for cleaning can clean screen pack on primary filter screen frame On dust, dust dropped into refuse bag;When rubbish thing in the bag that removes rubbish, worm-gear speed reducer, worm gear can be started Worm decelerating machine drives screw mandrel radial direction rotation, and the sliding connecting base on screw mandrel moves downward along two slide rails, sliding connecting base one The refuse bag retainer ring of side connection falls, and can easily pour out the rubbish thing in refuse bag afterwards;
After a period of time is removed using the present invention, colony is largely micro- on high-voltage dust-collecting positive plate and high-voltage dust-collecting negative plate Trifle in the world matter, now open jet pipe controlling switch, the water of water supply line outwards sprays by shower nozzle, and clean high-voltage dust-collecting positive plate and High-voltage dust-collecting negative plate, sewage after cleaning by column bottom air outlet and discharged along air-out wind scooper appearance.
The invention has the advantages that:
(1)Primary filter screen frame carries out primary purifying to air to be clean first, mainly for some with inflow column The larger object impurity of interior gas, such as leaf, trifling and plastics etc., because set location is located on column during cleaning End, manually removing to bother, therefore the present invention drives upset refuse bag retainer ring using rubbish rotary electric machine, renovates electricity Machine drives the methods of upset primary filter screen frame, the rubbish incidental on primary filter screen frame is automatically fallen into refuse bag, and Drive Clean Brush for cleaning to clean the screen pack on primary filter screen frame by removing motor, prevent a large amount of micronic dusts from blocking Screen pack mesh;
(2)More further purified treatment, high-voltage dust-collecting positive pole are carried out to air to be clean using high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case Plate and high-voltage dust-collecting negative plate adsorb the micronic dust in air to be clean, when on high-voltage dust-collecting positive plate and high-voltage dust-collecting negative plate When micronic dust absorption is too many, periodically high-voltage dust-collecting positive plate and high-voltage dust-collecting negative plate can be rinsed;
(3)Make full use of solar energy new energy and rotate electricity to renovate motor, worm-gear speed reducer, wire motor and rubbish Machine provides electric energy, and unnecessary electricity is stored in batteries, and direct current is converted into alternating current by inverter, By cable, most electric energy sends transformer station at last, to supply user's use, fully efficiently utilizes solar energy, environmental protection and saving;
(4)Sun-sensor can sense sunshine irradiation, when sun-sensor can't accept light irradiation, even by Signal line passes data to controller, and controller receives feeds back to steering motor, steering motor band after signal by signal Turn rotates to drive disk, turns to the be hinged steering linkage of drive disk eccentric part and pulls solar panel to rotate, sun sensing Think highly of new when receiving light irradiation, signal is passed to controller by sun-sensor, and controller, which sends signal, to be stopped turning to electricity Machine works, and by above adjusting method, solar panel towards the sun, fully receives solar energy all the time;
(5)Filter frame is slidably connected at column inwall using oat tail groove structure, when changing activated carbon filtration core, only need to Outer pulling handle is replaceable, and dovetail fin and dovetail groove outer surface are equipped with high-density polyethylene layer, high-density polyethylene in addition Alkene layer is used to make filter frame be sealedly connected on column inwall, and positioning ball is connected in locating slot in the presence of compression spring, The active carbon filter core being conveniently replaceable on filter frame.
In summary, the present invention it is simple in construction, it is reasonable in design, by effectively by urban road or in cell rationally Layout, effectively eliminate airborne dust and haze in city, reach purifying city air.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure distribution figure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that dust arrester is automated in the present embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing at A in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is Fig. 3 dextrad view;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the present embodiment mesohigh electrostatic precipitation case;
Fig. 6 is that the structural representation that dust collection mechanism is connected with column is filtered in the present embodiment.
Embodiment
As shown in figures 1 to 6, cities and towns purification of air layout system of the invention, including transformer station 1, water stop 2 and along city The automation dust arrester 57 that interval is uniformly arranged by road;It is all automation dust arresters 57 after the parallel connection of cable 38 with power transformation Stand 1 connection;All automation dust arresters 57 are connected after the parallel connection of water supply line 39 with water stop 2, automate dust arrester 57 Including column 3, opto-electronic conversion mechanism and garbage collecting mechanism, column 3 is hollow and penetrating up and down, and the external form of column 3 is in cuboid knot Structure, the bottom of column 3 are fixed on by road, are sequentially provided with automatic wind mechanism, filtering dust collection mechanism, height in column 3 from top to bottom Press electrostatic precipitation case, dust cleaning machine structure and distribution box 35;Opto-electronic conversion mechanism is arranged on the top of column 3, garbage collecting mechanism It is arranged on the outside of column upper port, distribution box 35 is located at the bottom of column 3, opto-electronic conversion mechanism, automatic wind mechanism, high-pressure electrostatic Dust cleaning case, dust cleaning machine structure and garbage collecting mechanism are connected by wire with distribution box 35 respectively, and distribution box 35 passes through cable 38 are connected with transformer station 1.
Dust cleaning machine structure includes jet pipe 24, and the one end of jet pipe 24 is connected through water supply line 39 with water stop 2, and jet pipe 24 is another End is connected with the water spray plate 25 of hollow-core construction, and water spray plate 25 is located between high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case and filtering dust collection mechanism, water spray The lower surface of plate 25 is uniformly provided with the shower nozzle 26 towards high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case.
Opto-electronic conversion mechanism includes solar panel 4 and steering linkage 49, and the top of column 3 is connected with external form and is rectangle Fixed mount 45, the top of fixed mount 45 is provided with fixed plate 46, and the upper surface of fixed plate 46 is fixed with support bar 40 vertically upward, supports The top of bar 40 is hinged by spherical hinge 47 and the bottom of solar panel 4, and solar panel 4 is obliquely installed, on support bar 40 Provided with steering motor 56, the main shaft key of steering motor 56, which is connected with, turns to drive disk 48, and the one end of steering linkage 49 drives with turning to The eccentric part of disk 48 is hinged, and the other end of steering linkage 49 is hinged with the edge of solar panel 4;Solar panel 4 is provided with Sun-sensor 50, distribution box 35 are provided with batteries and controller, solar panel 4, steering motor 56 and controller It is connected respectively by wire with batteries, batteries are connected by cable 38 with transformer station 1, in batteries and transformer station The cable 38 of 1 connection is provided with inverter, and sun-sensor 50 and steering motor 56 are connected by signal line and controller respectively Connect.
Batteries, sun-sensor and inverter are prior art, not shown in figure;
Controller is prior art, not shown in figure, can use the existing dress such as PLC or single-chip microcomputer or integrated circuit Put.
Automatic wind mechanism is located on the column 3 below opto-electronic conversion mechanism, and automatic wind mechanism includes the He of wind guide motor 6 The primary filter screen frame 5 that external form is rectangle, primary filter screen frame 5 are provided with screen pack, the outline chi of primary filter screen frame 5 It is very little identical with the size of the cross section of column 3, on the right side of primary filter screen frame 5 by the first hinge on the right side of the upper end of column 3, the Not shown in one bearing pin figure, the first bearing pin is fixedly connected with primary filter screen frame 5, and one end of the first bearing pin, which is connected with, renovates Motor 7, the bottom left of primary filter screen frame 5 and right side are equipped with support 8, the company of rotation on the support 8 in the left side of primary filter screen frame 5 It is connected to driven pulley 9, is rotatably connected to driving wheel 10 on the support 8 on the right side of primary filter screen frame 5, driving wheel 10 and driven pulley 9 And plane-parallel, coaxial be connected with removes motor 11 to center line on driving wheel 10, and driving wheel 10 passes through skin Band is connected with driven pulley 9, and the outer surface of belt 12 is provided with Clean Brush for cleaning 13, and Clean Brush for cleaning 13 connects with screen pack lower surface Touch;Wind guide motor 6 is located in the column 3 of the lower section of primary filter screen frame 5, and the main shaft of wind guide motor 6 is connected with centrifugation leaf vertically upward Wheel 14, the air intake air guide structure being vertically provided with column 3 between primary filter screen frame 5 and wind guide motor 6, air intake Air guide structure includes up big and down small wind gathering cover 15 and up-small and down-big wind scooper 52,6 equal position of centrifugal impeller 14 and wind guide motor In in wind scooper 52, the upper port of wind gathering cover 15 is close to the bottom of primary filter screen frame 5, the upper end edge of wind gathering cover 15 and the inwall of column 3 Between be provided with sealing ring 53.
Filtering dust collection mechanism is located in the column 3 below automatic wind mechanism, and filtering dust collection mechanism includes filter frame 17 With the activated carbon filtration core 18 being located on filter frame 17, filter frame 17 is close to the lower port of wind scooper 52, before filter frame 17 Side and rear side are equipped with dovetail fin 19, and the inwall of column 3 is provided with dovetail groove 54, and filter frame 17 is by dovetail fin 19 from left-hand Right horizontal slide is plugged in dovetail groove 54, and two right sides of dovetail fin 19 are equipped with the groove 41 in cylinder, and groove 41 is opened Mouth is towards the inwall of column 3, and groove 41 is interior to be provided with positioning ball 42, and the diameter of positioning ball 42 is less than the radius of groove 41, positioning ball 42 Apical grafting has a compression spring 43 between the inwall of groove 41, and circular locating slot is offered on the cell wall on the left side of dovetail groove 54 and right side 55;Dovetail fin 19 and the outer surface of dovetail groove 54 are equipped with high-density polyethylene layer 44, and filter frame 17, which is provided with, is located at column 3 Outside handle 16.
High-pressure electrostatic precipitation case includes penetrating casing 20 up and down, close to being provided with high pressure at the upper port of casing 20 on casing 20 Ionization plate 21, high-voltage dust-collecting positive plate 22 and high-voltage dust-collecting negative plate 23 is vertically provided with casing 20, high-voltage dust-collecting is just The 23 horizontally spaced setting of pole plate 22 and high-voltage dust-collecting negative plate.
Garbage collecting mechanism is located at primary filter screen frame 5 and renovated below the hinged place of motor 7, and garbage collecting mechanism includes snail Worm and gear reductor 27, screw mandrel 28, sliding connecting base 30, refuse bag retainer ring 31 and refuse bag 32;The side of column 3 is along Vertical Square To pilot hole 36 is offered, column 3 is provided with the limit switch 51 of the neighbouring upper end of pilot hole 36, and the outer wall of column 3 is vertically Two slide rails 37 for being located at the both sides of pilot hole 36 are offered, worm-gear speed reducer 27 is held within renovating the lower section of motor 7 In column 3, worm-gear speed reducer 27 is connected with limit switch 51 by wire, and screw mandrel 28 is vertically rotatably connected on vertical In post 3, worm-gear speed reducer 27 is connected by shaft coupling with the upper end of screw mandrel 28, and the left side of sliding connecting base 30 is threaded in silk On bar 28, the right side of sliding connecting base 30 is through pilot hole 36 and is slidably connected on two slide rails 37, the right side of sliding connecting base 30 It is be hinged by the second bearing pin and refuse bag retainer ring 31, not shown in the second bearing pin figure, the second bearing pin and refuse bag retainer ring 31 It is fixedly connected, one end of the second bearing pin is connected with rubbish rotary electric machine 29, the open-mouth of refuse bag 32 and refuse bag retainer ring 31 connections.
The bottom surrounding of column 3 is equipped with air outlet 33, and the air-out wind scooper between all air outlets 33 is provided with column 3 34, air-out wind scooper 34 is up-small and down-big conical structure, and distribution box 35 is located in the column 3 of the lower section of air-out wind scooper 34; Batteries, jet pipe controlling switch are provided with distribution box 35, renovates motor switch, worm-gear speed reducer switch, rubbish rotation Motor switch, wind guide motor controlling switch, motor switch and high-pressure electrostatic precipitation switch are removed, renovate motor 7, worm gear snail Bar reductor 27, removing motor 11 and rubbish rotary electric machine 29 are connected by wire with batteries respectively.
The present invention specifically used method be:Will automation dust arrester 57 cloth in urban road side and urban cells Installation is put, and is connected so automating dust arrester 57 after the parallel connection of water supply line 39 with water stop 2, all automation dedustings Device 57 is connected through cable 38 and joint with transformer station 1;First under the drive of wind guide motor 6, centrifugal impeller 14 will first be treated only Change air to be pumped into primary filter screen frame 5 from the upper end of column 3, primary filter screen frame 5 filters larger object impurity, such as sets Leaf, trifling and plastics etc., then air to be clean is by entering filtering dust collection mechanism, filtering vacuum cleaner after primary purifying Activated carbon filtration core 18 on structure adsorbs larger particles impurity, gaseous contaminant and harmful gaseous pollution in air to be clean Thing, air to be clean are entered in high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case after further purification, and the surrounding of high pressure ionization plate 21 forms high pressure Electric field, air to be clean, which enters in high voltage electric field, to be ionized, and the molecule in high voltage electric field in air to be clean is ionized as just Ion and electronics, electronics, which marches on towards, runs into grit in anode process, makes grit is negatively charged to be adsorbed onto the surface of high-voltage dust-collecting positive plate 22, Air to be clean after deeper purification by the bottom of column 3 air outlet 33 and outwards arranged along the appearance of air-out wind scooper 34 Go out;Multiple circularly purifying, city incity air become increasingly cleaner fresh;
In addition, the transformation of new energy solar energy is stored in batteries by solar panel 4, batteries are to renovate Motor 7, worm-gear speed reducer 27, wire motor and rubbish rotary electric machine 29 provide electric energy;Opto-electronic conversion mechanism passes through optics Sensing regulation makes the solar panel 4 be towards the sun, specific adjusting method all the time:Solar panel 4 passes provided with the sun Sensor 50, when sun-sensor 50 can't accept light irradiation, controller is passed data to even by signal line, is controlled Device processed receives feeds back to steering motor 56 after signal by signal, and steering motor 56, which drives, to be turned to drive disk 48 and rotate, and is turned to and is driven The be hinged steering linkage 49 of the eccentric part of Moving plate 48 pulls solar panel 4 to rotate, and sun-sensor 50 receives light again During irradiation, signal is passed to controller by sun-sensor 50, and controller, which sends signal, to be stopped steering motor 56 and work, by with Upper adjusting method, solar panel 4 is all the time towards the sun;
When the rubbish impurity on primary screen pack frame 5 is excessive, it can first open rubbish rotary electric machine 29 and switch, rubbish rotates The rotating opening refuse bag retainer ring 31 of motor 29, makes refuse bag retainer ring 31 be in horizontality, then starts and renovates motor 7, The primary filter screen frame 5 be hinged with renovating motor 7 outwards inverts around hinged place, in Umklapp process, on primary filter screen frame 5 Rubbish impurity is dropped into refuse bag 32, is then started and is removed motor 11, is removed motor 11 and is rotated drive driving wheel 10 rotate, and driving wheel 10 drives driven pulley 9 to rotate by belt 12, and belt 12 is provided with Clean Brush for cleaning 13, and belt 12 is driven, clearly Clean hairbrush 13 can clean the dust on primary filter screen frame 5 on screen pack, and dust is dropped into refuse bag 32;When the bag that removes rubbish In 32 during rubbish thing, worm-gear speed reducer 27 can be started, worm-gear speed reducer 27 drives the radial direction rotation of screw mandrel 28, screw mandrel 28 On sliding connecting base 30 moved downward along two slide rails 37, the side of sliding connecting base 30 connection refuse bag retainer ring 31 under Fall, can easily pour out the rubbish thing in refuse bag 32 afterwards;
When the activated carbon filtration core 18 on filter frame 17 adsorbs a large amount of micronic dusts, replaceable activated carbon filtration core 18, tool Gymnastics conduct, original state position ball 42 by the apical grafting of compression spring 43 in right positioner groove 55, then slowly pulling to the left Handle 16, the dovetail fin 19 on filter frame 17 slide in and out along dovetail groove 54, and positioning ball 42 slowly rolls out right positioner groove 55 and rolled to the left under the drive of dovetail fin 19, operator contacts effect of the positioning ball 42 in compression spring 43 by feel Under fall into left positioner groove 55, stop drag handle 16, take out the activated carbon filtration core 18 of failure, the activated carbon mistake more renewed Filter core 18, handle 16 is then promoted, resets filter frame 17, dovetail fin 19 and the outer surface of dovetail groove 54 are equipped with high density Polyethylene layer 44, high-density polyethylene layer 44 are used to make filter frame 17 be sealedly connected on the inwall of column 3;
After a period of time is removed using the present invention, colony is big on high-voltage dust-collecting positive plate 22 and high-voltage dust-collecting negative plate 23 Micronic dust impurity is measured, now opens the controlling switch of jet pipe 24, the water of water supply line 39 is outwards sprayed by shower nozzle 26, and cleans high pressure collection Dirt positive plate 22 and high-voltage dust-collecting negative plate 23, sewage after cleaning by the bottom of column 3 air outlet 33 and along air-out wind scooper 34 appearances discharge.
The present embodiment is not that the shape to the present invention, material, structure etc. make any formal limitation, every according to this hair Any simple modification, equivalent change and modification that bright technical spirit is made to above example, belongs to the technology of the present invention side The protection domain of case.

Claims (6)

1. cities and towns purification of air layout system, it is characterised in that:It is including transformer station, water stop and uniform along interval by urban road The automation dust arrester of setting;All automation dust arresters are connected after cable parallel connection with transformer station, and all automations remove Dirt device is connected after water supply line parallel connection with water stop;Automation dust arrester includes column, opto-electronic conversion mechanism and rubbish Collecting mechanism, column is hollow and penetrating up and down, and column external form is in rectangular parallelepiped structure, and column bottom is fixed on by road, in column Automatic wind mechanism, high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case, dust cleaning machine structure and distribution box are sequentially provided with from top to bottom;Opto-electronic conversion mechanism Column top is arranged on, garbage collecting mechanism is arranged on the outside of column upper port, and distribution box is located at column bottom, opto-electronic conversion machine Structure, automatic wind mechanism, high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case, dust cleaning machine structure and garbage collecting mechanism pass through wire and distribution box respectively Connection, distribution box are connected by cable with transformer station;
Filtering dust collection mechanism is located in the column below automatic wind mechanism, and filtering dust collection mechanism includes filter frame and was located at Activated carbon filtration core in filter frame, filter frame are equipped with dovetail close to wind scooper lower port, filter frame front side and rear side Fin, column inwall are provided with dovetail groove, and by dovetail fin, horizontal slide is plugged in dovetail groove filter frame from left to right, and two The groove in cylinder is equipped with the right side of bar dovetail fin, for slot opening towards column inwall, groove is interior to be provided with positioning ball, positioning The diameter of ball is less than the radius of groove, and positioning apical grafting between ball and groove inner wall has compression spring, dovetail groove left side and right side Circular locating slot is offered on cell wall;Dovetail fin and dovetail groove outer surface are equipped with high-density polyethylene layer, filter frame The handle being provided with outside column;
Dust cleaning machine structure includes jet pipe, and jet pipe one end is connected through water supply line with water stop, and the jet pipe other end is connected with hollow The water spray plate of structure, water spray plate are located above high-pressure electrostatic precipitation case, and water spray plate lower surface, which is uniformly provided with towards high-pressure electrostatic, removes The shower nozzle of dirt case.
2. purification of air layout system in cities and towns according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Opto-electronic conversion mechanism includes the sun Energy cell panel and steering linkage, column top are connected with the fixed mount that external form is rectangle, fixed plate are provided with the top of fixed mount, Gu Fixed board upper surface is fixed with support bar vertically upward, and supporting bar top is hinged by spherical hinge and solar panel bottom, too Positive energy cell panel is obliquely installed, and support bar is provided with steering motor, and the main shaft key of steering motor is connected with steering drive disk, turns to Pull bar one end is hinged with turning to drive disk eccentric part, and the steering linkage other end is hinged with solar panel edge;Solar energy Cell panel is provided with sun-sensor, and batteries and controller, solar panel, steering motor and control are provided with distribution box Device processed is connected by wire with batteries respectively, and batteries are connected by cable with transformer station, in batteries and power transformation The cable connected of standing is provided with inverter, and sun-sensor and steering motor are connected by signal line with controller respectively.
3. purification of air layout system in cities and towns according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Automatic wind mechanism is located at photoelectricity On column below switching mechanism, automatic wind mechanism includes the primary filter screen frame that wind guide motor and external form are rectangle, just Level filtering screen frame is provided with screen pack, and the outer profile size of primary filter screen frame is identical with the size of column cross-section, primary mistake On the right side of filter screen frame by the first hinge on the right side of column upper end, the first bearing pin is fixedly connected with primary filter screen frame, and first One end of bearing pin, which is connected with, renovates motor, and primary filter screen frame bottom left and right side are equipped with support, primary filter net It is rotatably connected to driven pulley on support on the left of frame, driving wheel is rotatably connected on the support on the right side of primary filter screen frame, actively The center line of wheel and driven pulley is and plane-parallel, coaxial on driving wheel to be connected with removing motor, driving wheel It is connected by belt and driven pulley, belt outer surface is provided with Clean Brush for cleaning, and Clean Brush for cleaning contacts with screen pack lower surface; Wind guide motor is located in the column below primary filter screen frame, and wind guide motor main shaft is connected with centrifugal impeller, column vertically upward The air intake air guide structure being inside vertically provided between primary filter screen frame and wind guide motor, air intake air guide structure include Up big and down small wind gathering cover and up-small and down-big wind scooper, centrifugal impeller and wind guide motor are respectively positioned in wind scooper, on wind gathering cover Port is provided with sealing ring close to primary filter screen frame bottom between wind gathering cover upper end edge and column inwall.
4. purification of air layout system in cities and towns according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:High-pressure electrostatic precipitation case includes upper Under penetrating casing, close to high pressure ionization plate is provided with casing upper port on casing, high pressure collection is vertically provided with casing Dirt positive plate and high-voltage dust-collecting negative plate, high-voltage dust-collecting positive plate and the horizontally spaced setting of high-voltage dust-collecting negative plate.
5. purification of air layout system in cities and towns according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Garbage collecting mechanism is positioned at primary Filtering screen frame and renovate below motor hinged place, garbage collecting mechanism include worm-gear speed reducer, screw mandrel, sliding connecting base, Refuse bag retainer ring and refuse bag;Column side vertically offers pilot hole, and column is provided with neighbouring pilot hole upper end Limit switch, column outer wall vertically offers two slide rails for being located at pilot hole both sides, and worm-gear speed reducer is solid It is scheduled in the column renovated below motor, worm-gear speed reducer is connected with limit switch by wire, and screw mandrel is along vertically Direction is rotatably connected in column, and worm-gear speed reducer is connected by shaft coupling with screw mandrel upper end, spiral shell on the left of sliding connecting base Line is connected on screw mandrel, and pilot hole is passed through on the right side of sliding connecting base and is slidably connected on two slide rails, on the right side of sliding connecting base It is hinged by the second bearing pin and refuse bag retainer ring, the second bearing pin is fixedly connected with refuse bag retainer ring, one end of the second bearing pin Rubbish rotary electric machine is connected with, refuse bag open-mouth is connected with refuse bag retainer ring.
6. purification of air layout system in cities and towns according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Column bottom surrounding is equipped with out Air port, it is up-small and down-big conical structure that air-out wind scooper, air-out wind scooper between all air outlets are provided with column, Distribution box is located in the column below air-out wind scooper;Batteries, jet pipe controlling switch are provided with distribution box, motor is renovated and opens Pass, worm-gear speed reducer switch, rubbish rotary electric machine switch, wind guide motor controlling switch, removing motor switch and height Electrostatic precipitation switch is pressed, motor, worm-gear speed reducer, removing motor and rubbish rotary electric machine is renovated and passes through wire respectively It is connected with batteries.
CN201510961883.7A 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 Cities and towns purification of air layout system Active CN105546686B (en)

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CN106677607A (en) * 2017-03-07 2017-05-17 济南诺方电子技术有限公司 Road raising dust automatic cleaning fence
CN113324311A (en) * 2021-06-22 2021-08-31 工谷环保科技(浙江)有限公司 Indoor self-circulation bidirectional fresh air system with air purification capacity

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