CN107983050A - A kind of electrostatic depuration and water mist air purifier - Google Patents

A kind of electrostatic depuration and water mist air purifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107983050A
CN107983050A CN201711177826.5A CN201711177826A CN107983050A CN 107983050 A CN107983050 A CN 107983050A CN 201711177826 A CN201711177826 A CN 201711177826A CN 107983050 A CN107983050 A CN 107983050A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
electrostatic
water
electrostatic cleaner
water mist
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Granted
Application number
CN201711177826.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107983050B (en
Inventor
贾虎
唐园
高艳
冯本珍
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/06Spray cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/017Combinations of electrostatic separation with other processes, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/40Electrode constructions
    • B03C3/41Ionising-electrodes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/40Electrode constructions
    • B03C3/45Collecting-electrodes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of electrostatic depuration and water mist air purifier, belong to air purification field.A kind of electrostatic depuration and water mist air purifier of the present invention, including air purifying mechanism, ventilation mechanism in the air purifying mechanism, is purified for outside air to be incorporated into the shell of air purifying mechanism;Tubular electrostatic cleaner therein is arranged on the chassis of air purifying mechanism, and side seal closes thereon, is purified for main air;Flying disc type electrostatic cleaner is supported by flying disc stent, above tubular electrostatic cleaner, is purified for secondary air;Set fine spraying unit is used for tubular electrostatic cleaner and/or flying disc type electrostatic cleaner water spray.The present invention is coordinated by the intermittent work of electrostatic depuration and mist purification, greatly improves air purification effect during the continuous sex work of the device, is used suitable for air purification dedusting.

Description

A kind of electrostatic depuration and water mist air purifier
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of air purification, more specifically to a kind of electrostatic depuration and water mist air purification Device.
Background technology
Atmosphere pollution, haze weather, have become biosphere " killer ".Haze be float the particulate such as PM2.5 in air, The particles such as dust, aerosol, in the weather conditions such as certain humidity, temperature, the weather phenomenon produced under metastable state. With " killer " as human health, the haze weather that particularly PM2.5 particles produce, seriously affects mankind's body and mind for atmosphere pollution Health and Living, it has also become threaten one of major casualty of human society health.Haze disaster, caused by being Atmospheric Long-term pollution As a result.In order to reduce the infringement of air pollution on human health when house is lived, air purifier is increasingly becoming family Necessity.
Mainly finely ground particles, pathogenic microorganism, volatile organic matter etc. pollutant existing in room air at present, Endanger air purification method that the health of people uses now mainly by filtering, adsorbing, electrostatic precipitation, ozone oxidation disappear Poison, negative oxygen ion etc..Filtration method can effectively remove particulate matter, smog, dust etc., but can not remove the volatility in air Organic matter.Pollutant ionization, absorption in air, its efficiency of dust collection can be depended on electric field strength by electrostatic precipitator.But , it is necessary to periodic cleaning during electrostatic cleaner surface attachment dust used at present, otherwise very big performance air purification effect.
Find that clarifier is mist purification mostly at present by retrieval, remove the particulate pollutant in air, also there is utilization The scheme of light catalytic purifying, but it is not ideal enough to the clean-up effect of air.Such as Chinese Patent Application No.:2017101529622, Shen Please day:On March 15th, 2017, the patent formula disclose a kind of haze water-washing cleaning cartridge, including hollow housing and setting Water tank, mixing, washing storehouse and control storehouse in housing;Water tank is located at housing bottom, inside sets water circulating pump and purification of water quality list Member;Mixing, washing position in storehouse inside sets hollow cylindrical cylindric washer, adsorbing sphere, washing is filled inside cylindric washer in housing central section Cylinder top is equipped with multiple nozzles, and cylindric washer bottom is equipped with the refluxing opening connected with water tank;Position in storehouse is controlled inside to set wind in housing upper Machine and control unit, water circulating pump, purification of water quality unit and wind turbine and control unit are electrically connected.
A kind of urban road electrostatic precipitation road lamp system is disclosed in Chinese patent application 2015109618907, including is become Power station and the automation dedusting street lamp being uniformly arranged along interval by urban road;All automation dedusting street lamps are after cable parallel connection It is connected with substation;It is hollow including lamp body, column, opto-electronic conversion mechanism and garbage collecting mechanism, column to automate dedusting street lamp And it is penetrating up and down, column external form is in rectangular parallelepiped structure, and column bottom is fixed on by road, is equipped with successively from top to bottom certainly in column Dynamic wind guiding mechanism, automatically cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust-collecting mechanism, water circulation type dust cleaning machine structure and distribution box;Opto-electronic conversion mechanism is set Put in column top, garbage collecting mechanism is arranged on the outside of column upper port, and distribution box is located at column bottom;Program jet band There is the particulate pollutant in the water mist absorption air of electrostatic, cause to have a large amount of water mists under street lamp, be unable to normal use daytime.
The content of the invention
1. technical problems to be solved by the inivention
It is an object of the invention to overcome, the clean-up effect of air cleaning unit in the prior art is poor, the effective time is short Deficiency, there is provided a kind of electrostatic depuration and water mist air purifier, the present invention pass through the interval of electrostatic depuration and mist purification Sex work coordinates, and greatly improves air purification effect during the continuous sex work of the device, is used suitable for air purification dedusting.
2. technical solution
To reach above-mentioned purpose, technical solution provided by the invention is:
A kind of electrostatic depuration and water mist air purifier of the present invention, including air purifying mechanism, the air purification Mechanism includes ventilation mechanism, is purified for outside air to be incorporated into the shell of air purifying mechanism;
Tubular electrostatic cleaner, is arranged on the chassis of air purifying mechanism, and side seal closes thereon, net for main air Change;
Flying disc type electrostatic cleaner, is supported by flying disc stent, above tubular electrostatic cleaner, for secondary air Purification;
Fine spraying unit, for tubular electrostatic cleaner and/or flying disc type electrostatic cleaner water spray.
As further improvement of the present invention, the ventilation mechanism includes the air suction device being in communication with the outside through shell, Air suction device the inner is connected with air pump air inlet, and air pump exhaust outlet connection blast pipe, the outlet of blast pipe is located at tubular electrostatic depuration In device annular chamber, and air outlet is set on the shell.
As further improvement of the present invention, the flying disc rack inner wall is connected with isolation board, the isolation board lower end with Chassis connects, and air draft gap is left between isolation board and tubular electrostatic cleaner.
As further improvement of the present invention, the tubular electrostatic cleaner includes positive polar circle setting up and down and bears Polar circle, is provided with column guide rod on positive polar circle and anode circle, and positive polar circle is staggered with the guide rod on anode circle, and by exhausted Edge ceramics are linked to be entirety.
As further improvement of the present invention, the flying disc type electrostatic cleaner includes the positive plate and cathode of pectination Plate, the broach of anode plate and cathode plate mutually plug together, and are fixed in the insulated ring of annular.
As further improvement of the present invention, the fine spraying unit is included installed in tubular electrostatic cleaner upper end Big fine spraying unit, at the top of the big fine spraying unit closed tube shape electrostatic cleaner, be connected with the middle part of big fine spraying unit into Water pipe.
As further improvement of the present invention, the fine spraying unit includes being installed at the top of tubular electrostatic cleaner Small fine spraying unit, the small fine spraying unit are used for flying disc type electrostatic cleaner water spray.
As further improvement of the present invention, the flow tube on chassis is provided through between the isolation board and shell, every There is discharge port between plate and tubular electrostatic cleaner, which is opened on chassis.
As further improvement of the present invention, the tray bottom is provided with wastewater collection chamber, discharge port and flow tube Discharge outlet is connected with wastewater collection chamber.
As further improvement of the present invention, wastewater collection bottom of chamber portion is provided centrally with floor drain, water inlet pipe and ground The mouth of a river is omitted in printing with water accumulating and supplying mechanism to be connected.
3. beneficial effect
Using technical solution provided by the invention, compared with prior art, have the advantages that:
(1) a kind of electrostatic depuration and water mist air purifier of the invention, set air purifying mechanism are used to introduce Extraneous air, realizes that main air purifies, air passes through flying disc type electrostatic cleaner again after purification by tubular electrostatic cleaner Realize that secondary air purifies, improving air purification effect can effectively go out pollutants in air;Set water mist spray Device can water spray, when tubular electrostatic cleaner and flying disc type electrostatic cleaner are stopped, sprayed using fine spraying unit Jetting mist, is equally reached the purpose of mist purification air;Meanwhile institute's water spray can clean tubular electrostatic cleaner And/or flying disc type electrostatic cleaner, its is recovered adsorption capacity, air when greatly improving the continuous sex work of the device is net Change effect.
(2) a kind of electrostatic depuration and water mist air purifier of the invention, tubular electrostatic cleaner is by positive polar circle and anode Guide rod on circle mutually plugs together to be formed, and electric field is formed between guide rod;Flying disc type electrostatic cleaner by two pectinations electrode plate Plug together to be formed, electric field is formed between broach, since gap is smaller between two-stage, there is stronger pollutant adsorption capacity.
(3) a kind of electrostatic depuration and water mist air purifier of the invention, set tubular electrostatic cleaner upper end are used Big fine spraying unit closing, the big fine spraying unit can downward water spray, when tubular electrostatic cleaner is stopped, profit Sprayed water downwards with big fine spraying unit, set small fine spraying unit coordinates with flying disc type electrostatic cleaner, and electrostatic is net Two-step purification effect can be reached with mist purification by changing, and can either achieve the purpose that mist purification air, and being capable of wash bowl The pollutant adsorbed on shape electrostatic cleaner guide rod, makes it recover adsorption capacity, contributes to the raising of air purification effect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of air-purification type street lamp of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of air purifying mechanism;
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of tubular electrostatic cleaner;
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of flying disc type electrostatic cleaner;
Fig. 5 is the fit structure schematic diagram of positive plate and minus plate;
Fig. 6 is the setting structure schematic diagram of ventilation mechanism and fine spraying unit;
Fig. 7 is air purifying mechanism internal structure schematic top plan view.
Label declaration in schematic diagram:
1st, air purifying mechanism;1-1, shell;1-2, tubular electrostatic cleaner;1-2-1, positive polar circle;1-2-2, anode circle; 1-2-3, edge rolling ceramics;1-3, flying disc type electrostatic cleaner;1-3-1, positive plate;1-3-2, minus plate;1-3-3, insulated ring;1- 4th, flying disc stent;1-5, flow tube;1-6, isolation board;1-7, air suction device;1-8, air pump;1-9, blast pipe;1-10, big water mist spray Device;1-11, small fine spraying unit;1-12, air outlet;1-13, chassis;1-14, discharge port;1-15, luffer boards;1-16, solar energy Cell piece;, road lamp body;1-16, wastewater collection chamber;1-17, floor drain;2nd, pillar;2-1, supporting tube;2-2, water inlet pipe.
Embodiment
To further appreciate that present disclosure, the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of electrostatic depuration and water mist air purifier of the present embodiment, including air purifying mechanism 1, air Shell 1-1 and chassis 1-13 is equipped with purification mechanism 1, shell 1-1 is covered on the 1-13 of chassis into hemispherical, shell 1-1 and chassis Cavity between 1-13 is used to accommodating each purifying part, including ventilation mechanism, tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2, flying disc type electrostatic are net Change device 1-3 and fine spraying unit.
The section of hemispherical shell 1-1 is arcwall face used by the present embodiment, and middle part is arched upward upwards, solar battery sheet 1-16 divides row to be arranged in shell 1-1 peripheries, its hemispherical dome structure can ensure that each several part can touch sunlight and generate electricity, together When rainwater or other debris can be avoided to be attached to case surface, it is rational in infrastructure.
With reference to Fig. 2, the air purifying mechanism 1 of the present embodiment further includes ventilation mechanism, tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 and flying disc Type electrostatic cleaner 1-3, ventilation mechanism is used to ambient atmos be incorporated into shell 1-1, then by tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 carries out main air purification, then carries out secondary purification by flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3.
With reference to Fig. 3, the tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 of the present embodiment is arranged on the chassis 1-13 of air purifying mechanism 1, its Close upside.Tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 includes positive polar circle 1-2-1 and anode circle 1-2-2 setting up and down, in positive polar circle 1-2- Column guide rod is provided with 1 and anode circle 1-2-2, positive polar circle 1-2-1 is staggered with the guide rod on anode circle 1-2-2, and leads to Cross insulating ceramics 1-2-3 and be linked to be entirety.I.e. positive polar circle 1-2-1 and anode circle 1-2-2 surrounds cylindrical shape, connects on positive polar circle 1-2-1 The guide rod connect intersects with the anode circle 1-2-2 guide rods being connected, and the guide rod end on positive polar circle 1-2-1 passes through insulating ceramics 1- 2-3 is connected with the annular body of anode circle 1-2-2, and the guide rod end on anode circle 1-2-2 is by insulating ceramics 1-2-3 and just The annular body of polar circle 1-2-1 is connected.Insulating ceramics 1-2-3 could be provided as cylinder, its end set running-on, easy to even Connect fixation.On the one hand insulating ceramics 1-2-3 is used to connect support guide rod, form a tubular entirety, on the other hand can rise To insulation effect, ensure that two electrodes can work normally.
Electric field is formed between the guide rod of tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2, which can adsorb the particulate pollutant in air, So as to fulfill first class purification.In addition, tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 can also ionize moieties, make its powered, in its warp Adsorbed when crossing flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3.Blast pipe 1-9 in ventilation mechanism is located at the ring of tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 In shape space, its air sprayed is purified by tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2.
Flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3 is supported by flying disc stent 1-4 in the present embodiment, positioned at tubular electrostatic cleaner 1- 2 tops, purify for secondary air.Specifically, the positive plate of pectination is included with reference to Fig. 4, Fig. 5, flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3 1-3-1 and minus plate 1-3-2, positive plate 1-3-1 are mutually plugged together with the broach of minus plate 1-3-2, and are fixed on the insulated ring of annular In 1-3-3.Electric field is formed between positive plate 1-3-1 and minus plate 1-3-2, is equally applicable to dedusting and purifying air.In order to increase Arch upward upwards at flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3 middle parts after field area, positive plate 1-3-1 and minus plate 1-3-2 are plugged together.
With reference to Fig. 6, the present embodiment flying disc stent 1-4 inner walls are connected with isolation board 1-6, isolation board 1-6 lower ends and chassis 1-13 connections, air draft gap is left between isolation board 1-6 and tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2.Ventilation mechanism in the present embodiment can To be arranged on the 1-13 of chassis, ambient atmos can be introduced with air pump, are pumped into tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 inner cavities, Due to air pressure reason, and tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 top seals, air outwards flow, and tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 can be gone Except the particle haze in air;Air is entered in gap from side wall, is flowed up along isolation board 1-6, only by flying disc Type electrostatic cleaner 1-3 can enter exocoel, and then allow and realize double purification using flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3. Air outlet 1-12 can be set on shell 1-1, and purified air can be discharged by air outlet 1-12.
Fine spraying unit in the present embodiment, it is arranged at the top of tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2, for net to tubular electrostatic Change device 1-2 or flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3 water sprays, or it is quiet to tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 or flying disc type at the same time Electroclarifier 1-3 water sprays.
With reference to Fig. 6, Fig. 7, fine spraying unit includes the flood installed in tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 upper ends in the present embodiment At the top of mist sprinkler 1-10, the big fine spraying unit 1-10 closed tube shape electrostatic cleaners 1-2, in big fine spraying unit 1-10 Portion is connected with water inlet pipe 2-2.Big fine spraying unit 1-10 is used for downward water spray, for mist purification air.Specifically, greatly Water inlet pipe 2-2 in the middle part of fine spraying unit 1-10 can be connected with water pump, be supplied water by water pump to big fine spraying unit 1-10.Greatly Fine spraying unit 1-10 marginal portions cover tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2, and during water spray, water mist can wash away tubular electrostatic The guide rod of clarifier 1-2, is washed the dust of its upside attachment.Discharge port 1-14, the excretion are set on the 1-13 of chassis Mouth 1-14 is located in isolation board 1-6 institutes enclosure cavity body, and water mist converges the current to be formed and can be discharged by discharge port 1-14.
Tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 after long-term use, can adhere to a large amount of pollutants in the present embodiment, if clear not in time Wash, it will influence its electrostatic precipitation effect, reduce its air purification efficiency, or even prevent its due function from normally playing. This implementation can disconnect its power supply after tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 works one end time, stop electrostatic precipitation work, then Start big fine spraying unit 1-10 water sprays, tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 is cleaned using current, ensures that it being capable of normal work Make.In addition, in water spray, the air of entrance can be sprayed at the same time, pollutant therein is adsorbed by water droplet, and with remittance Poly- aqueous is discharged together, realizes water mist dust-removing, realizes water mist air purification and electrostatic air cleaning combination, and can Obtain more preferable clean-up effect.
With reference to Fig. 6, Fig. 7, the fine spraying unit of the present embodiment includes being installed on the small water at the top of tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 Mist sprinkler 1-11, which is arranged on the cover board of tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2, and passes through water inlet pipe 2- 2 supply water.Small fine spraying unit 1-11 sprays water upwards, can wash away flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3, the water droplet fallen is along guide rod Flow down, can also remove the pollutant adhered on guide rod, be equally reached the cleaning performance to electrostatic cleaner, meanwhile, spray Jetting mist can purify air, while electrostatic cleaner is cleaned, realize to air mist purification.
Further, big fine spraying unit 1-10 and small fine spraying unit 1-11 can be also used cooperatively, big water mist spray Device 1-10 sprays water downwards, for cleaning tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2;Small fine spraying unit 1-11 is installed on big fine spraying unit 1- It is more preferable for upward spraying-rinsing flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3, cleaning performance on 10.Small fine spraying unit 1-11 can be set Put multiple, be conveniently adjusted its injection direction, flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3 is sufficiently cleaned.
After small fine spraying unit 1-11, a large amount of aqueous can be entered on the outside of flying disc stent 1-4, therefore, isolated The flow tube 1-5 of chassis 1-13 is provided through between plate 1-6 and shell 1-1, flow tube 1-5 can be arranged on the 1-13 of chassis, For discharging sewage.
In addition, using the structure design, while being cleaned to electrostatic cleaner, the air of blast pipe 1-9 ejections The spray of big fine spraying unit 1-10 is first passed around, and moisture film is easily formed between guide rod gap, air is passed through between guide rod During gap, moisture film is worn out, ensure coming into full contact with for air and purified water, realize the first class purification to air.Air enters isolation Behind gap between plate 1-6 and tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2, flow up, when reaching below flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3, Small fine spraying unit 1-11 carries out spray cleaning at this to air, realizes that secondary air purifies, so as to ensure net using water mist Also two-step purification effect can be reached during change, ensure the effect of air purification.
With reference to Fig. 3, ventilation mechanism includes the air suction device 1-7 being in communication with the outside through shell 1-1, air suction device in the present embodiment 1-7 the inners are connected with air pump 1-8 air inlets, and air pump 1-8 exhaust outlets connection blast pipe 1-9, the outlet of blast pipe 1-9 is located at tubular In electrostatic cleaner 1-2 annular chambers;And air outlet 1-12, air outlet 1-12 at least two are set on shell 1-1, it is preferably 4 spaced sets.
Specifically, air suction device 1-7 can be air inlet pipe, and air pump 1-8 is pumped into extraneous air by air suction device 1-7, then Expelled air into by blast pipe 1-9 into inner cavity.Preferably, filter screen can be set in the entrance of air suction device 1-7, tentatively Outside air is filtered, prevents some insects, silk wadding etc. from entering in device.
In addition, the blast pipe 1-9 in the present embodiment could be provided as double end jet pipe, i.e., draw two by the main body tube at middle part Air nozzle, two air nozzles are opposed, to two side spray wind.The jet pipe of blast pipe 1-9 could be provided as curved arcuate structure, make air nozzle Towards tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2.Further, in order to improve efficiency, multiple ventilation mechanisms can be made circumferential along chassis 1-13 Equidistantly arrangement, it is preferable that 4 can be set, then in chassis 1-13 circumferentially 4 blast pipe 1-9 its can be made to cooperate with work Make.
What deserves to be explained is in order to extend the service life of air pump 1-8, corrosion in water is avoided, the present embodiment is in isolation board Cover plate is set between 1-6 and shell 1-1, covers air pump 1-8, flow tube 1-5 is through cover plate and chassis 1-13, for discharging sewage. Cover plate can be obliquely installed, and the side close to shell 1-1 is lower end, and flow tube 1-5 entrances are located at extreme lower position, easy to the row of drainage Stream.
Further, as shown in fig. 1, the present embodiment is provided with wastewater collection chamber 1-16 on the downside of the 1-13 of chassis, excretion The discharge outlet of mouth 1-14 and flow tube 1-5 is connected with wastewater collection chamber 1-16, the sewage after purification air is received into the waste water Collect chamber 1-16.The bottom plate of wastewater collection chamber 1-16 is downwardly convex arc panel, and medium position is minimum, and with pillar 2 Supporting tube 2-1 is connected, and sewage can enter supporting tube 2-1 and discharge.
Further, floor drain 1-17, floor drain 1-17 are set in the communicating position of wastewater collection chamber 1-16 and supporting tube 2-1 There is interval to leave blank, be capable of the pollutant of stop portions deposition, window offered on wastewater collection chamber 1-16 bottom plates, with luffer boards 1- 15 seal the window, and periodically opening luffer boards 1-15 can clear up the deposit in wastewater collection chamber 1-16.The water outlet of floor drain 1-17 Mouth is connected with water inlet pipe 2-2 in pillar 2 with water accumulating and supplying mechanism.
As operation instruction, this gives a kind of specific water accumulating and supplying mechanism, water accumulating and supplying mechanism includes storing Pond and water pump, cistern are used for the sewage for collecting supporting tube outflow;Water pump extracts aqueous in cistern, passes through supporting tube 2-1 Interior water inlet pipe 2-2 conveys water to air purifying mechanism 1.It is possible to further set effluent treatment plant in cistern, only Change sewage, which can be smell photocatalysis purifier either strainer purifier etc., and realizing the circulation of water makes With.
The present embodiment additionally provides a kind of method that practical device carries out air purification, its process is as follows:
Ventilation mechanism first starts in step 1, control air purifying mechanism 1, and air pump 1-8 is pumped into extraneous by air suction device 1-7 Air, then expelled air into by blast pipe 1-9 into inner cavity.
Blast pipe 1-9 is blown into outside air into shell 1-1, is capable of the dust of the interior attachment of removal mechanism, reduces clarifier Influence of the dust to clean-up effect during work.
Step 2, start tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 and flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3 startups in air purifying mechanism 1, Blast pipe 1-9 is blown into air into tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2, due to air pressure reason, and is sealed at the top of tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 Close, air outwards flows, and tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 can remove the pollutants such as the particle haze in air, realize that level-one is net Change;Air is entered in gap from side wall, is flowed up along isolation board 1-6, only by flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3 Exocoel can be entered, and then secondary purification is realized using flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3.
Step 3, purified air enter region between isolation board 1-6 and shell 1-1, and from shell 1-1 side walls Air outlet 1-12 is discharged.Air outlet 1-12 can be arranged on shell 1-1 sidepieces, shell 1-1 top seals, easy to flying disc type electrostatic Clarifier 1-3 can reach preferable clean-up effect.Otherwise air is directly discharged from shell 1-1 top outlet inlets, and flying disc type is quiet Electroclarifier 1-3 marginal portions are using insufficient.
Step 4:Using big fine spraying unit 1-10 and small fine spraying unit 1-11 respectively to tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 and Flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3 is cleaned, and process is as follows:
S1:After tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 and flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3 work a period of times, cut off the power, stop Electrostatic depuration dedusting works.
S2, the big fine spraying unit 1-10 of startup and small fine spraying unit 1-11 water sprays, water inlet pipe 2-2 water supply starts, Tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2 is cleaned using current;In water spray, the air that blast pipe 1-9 sprays first passes around The spray of big fine spraying unit 1-10, makes pollutant therein be adsorbed by water droplet, and is discharged together with the aqueous of convergence, realizes To the first class purification of air.
After S3, air enter the gap between isolation board 1-6 and tubular electrostatic cleaner 1-2, flow up, reach flying disc When below type electrostatic cleaner 1-3, small fine spraying unit 1-11 carries out spray cleaning at this to air, realizes that secondary air is net Change, so as to ensure also reach two-step purification effect when using mist purification, ensure the effect of air purification.
S4, water mist are discharged by discharge port 1-14 and flow tube 1-5.The water of water accumulating and supplying collect supporting tube 2-1 discharges Liquid, after filtering, supplies water, i.e., as big fine spraying unit 1-10's and small fine spraying unit 1-11 to fine spraying unit again Water source, realizes recycling for purified water.
Stop water inlet after S5, separated in time, circulated according still further to step 1~4., can when drying in step 1 Air-dry the moisture in electrostatic cleaner.The atomized water spray time can be set 5~20 minutes, be preferably 10 minutes.The electrostatic precipitation time May be set to 3~8 it is small when, according to pollution level, can also be set according to specific needs.
Schematically the present invention and embodiments thereof are described above, this describes no restricted, institute in attached drawing What is shown is also one of embodiments of the present invention, and actual structure is not limited thereto.So if common skill of this area Art personnel are enlightened by it, without departing from the spirit of the invention, are not inventively designed and the technical solution Similar frame mode and embodiment, are within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of electrostatic depuration and water mist air purifier, including air purifying mechanism (1), it is characterised in that:The air Purification mechanism (1) includes
Ventilation mechanism, is purified for outside air being incorporated into the shell (1-1) of air purifying mechanism (1);
Tubular electrostatic cleaner (1-2), is arranged on the chassis (1-13) of air purifying mechanism (1), side seal closes thereon, for one Level air purification;
Flying disc type electrostatic cleaner (1-3), is supported by flying disc stent (1-4), above tubular electrostatic cleaner (1-2), Purified for secondary air;
Fine spraying unit, for tubular electrostatic cleaner (1-2) and/or flying disc type electrostatic cleaner (1-3) water spray.
2. a kind of electrostatic depuration according to claim 1 and water mist air purifier, it is characterised in that:The ventilation mechanism Including the air suction device (1-7) being in communication with the outside through shell (1-1), air suction device (1-7) is inner to be connected with air pump (1-8) air inlet Connect, air pump (1-8) exhaust outlet connection blast pipe (1-9), the outlet of blast pipe (1-9) is located at tubular electrostatic cleaner (1-2) ring Shape intracavitary, and air outlet (1-12) is set on shell (1-1).
3. a kind of electrostatic depuration according to claim 1 and water mist air purifier, it is characterised in that:The flying disc stent (1-4) inner wall is connected with isolation board (1-6), which is connected with chassis (1-13), isolation board (1-6) and cylinder Air draft gap is left between shape electrostatic cleaner (1-2).
4. a kind of electrostatic depuration according to claim 3 and water mist air purifier, it is characterised in that:The tubular is quiet Electroclarifier (1-2) includes positive polar circle (1-2-1) and anode circle (1-2-2) setting up and down, in positive polar circle (1-2-1) and anode Column guide rod is provided with circle (1-2-2), positive polar circle (1-2-1) is staggered with the guide rod on anode circle (1-2-2), and passes through Insulating ceramics (1-2-3) is linked to be entirety.
5. a kind of electrostatic depuration according to claim 3 and water mist air purifier, it is characterised in that:The flying disc type is quiet Electroclarifier (1-3) includes the positive plate (1-3-1) and minus plate (1-3-2) of pectination, positive plate (1-3-1) and minus plate (1- Broach 3-2) mutually plugs together, and is fixed in the insulated ring (1-3-3) of annular.
6. a kind of electrostatic depuration according to claim 3 and water mist air purifier, it is characterised in that:The water mist spray Device includes the big fine spraying unit (1-10) installed in tubular electrostatic cleaner (1-2) upper end, the big fine spraying unit (1-10) At the top of closed tube shape electrostatic cleaner (1-2), water inlet pipe (2-2) is connected with the middle part of big fine spraying unit (1-10).
7. a kind of electrostatic depuration according to claim 3 and water mist air purifier, it is characterised in that:The water mist spray Device includes being installed on the small fine spraying unit (1-11) at the top of tubular electrostatic cleaner (1-2), the small fine spraying unit (1-11) For to flying disc type electrostatic cleaner (1-3) water spray.
A kind of 8. electrostatic depuration and water mist air purifier according to claim 6 or 7, it is characterised in that:The isolation The flow tube (1-5) of chassis (1-13) is provided through between plate (1-6) and shell (1-1), isolation board (1-6) and tubular electrostatic are net There is discharge port (1-14) between change device (1-2), which is opened on chassis (1-13).
9. a kind of electrostatic depuration according to claim 8 and water mist air purifier, it is characterised in that:Chassis (the 1- 13) bottom is provided with wastewater collection chamber (1-16), the discharge outlet of discharge port (1-14) and flow tube (1-5) with wastewater collection chamber (1-16) is connected.
10. a kind of electrostatic depuration according to claim 9 and water mist air purifier, it is characterised in that:The waste water is received Collection chamber (1-16) bottom centre is provided with floor drain (1-17), water inlet pipe (2-2) and floor drain (1-17) discharge outlet and water accumulating and supplying machine Structure is connected.
CN201711177826.5A 2017-11-23 2017-11-23 Electrostatic purification and water mist air purifier Active CN107983050B (en)

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CN112316607A (en) * 2020-10-19 2021-02-05 中科院过程工程研究所南京绿色制造产业创新研究院 Particulate matter circulating removal device and removal method

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