CN107952326B - Street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponic plant and electrostatically purifying air - Google Patents

Street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponic plant and electrostatically purifying air Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107952326B
CN107952326B CN201711177827.XA CN201711177827A CN107952326B CN 107952326 B CN107952326 B CN 107952326B CN 201711177827 A CN201711177827 A CN 201711177827A CN 107952326 B CN107952326 B CN 107952326B
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air
water
electrostatically
street lamp
pipe
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CN107952326A (en
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贾虎
光明
吴大艳
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/017Combinations of electrostatic separation with other processes, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/74Cleaning the electrodes
    • B03C3/78Cleaning the electrodes by washing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S8/00Lighting devices intended for fixed installation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V33/00Structural combinations of lighting devices with other articles, not otherwise provided for
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2131/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems not provided for in codes F21W2102/00-F21W2121/00
    • F21W2131/10Outdoor lighting
    • F21W2131/103Outdoor lighting of streets or roads
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses a street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponics plants and electrostatically purifying air, and belongs to the field of air purification. The invention discloses a street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponically planting plants and electrostatically purifying air, which comprises an air purification mechanism and an electrostatic hydroponic mechanism which are arranged on a support, wherein the electrostatic hydroponic mechanism is arranged in the middle section of the support, and an electrode plate is arranged in a flowerpot liner of the street lamp and is used for electrostatically hydroponically planting the plants; the street lamp body is installed on the air purification mechanism, and the air purification mechanism comprises a shell for introducing outside air into the air purification mechanism to purify and ventilate, a cylindrical electrostatic purifier arranged on a chassis of the air purification mechanism, and a flying disc type electrostatic purifier arranged above the cylindrical electrostatic purifier. The invention realizes two-stage purification of air by the cylindrical electrostatic purifier and the flying disc type electrostatic purifier, and beautifies urban environment by matching with the water culture plants.

Description

Street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponic plant and electrostatically purifying air
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of air purification, in particular to a street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponics plants and electrostatically purifying air.
Background
At present, urban air pollution is a global problem. The international health organization publishes a report: atmospheric pollution is carcinogenic, and more seriously: how to treat the atmospheric pollution is a difficult problem in front of human beings.
Taking our country as an example, the influence range of particulate pollution on the air quality of cities in China is very wide, and the particulate pollution is the primary factor of air pollution of most cities, and in recent years, China takes a plurality of measures in the aspect of air pollution control, such as the calculation work of air pollutant capacity pushed across the country, so that the environmental air quality management level is greatly improved.
On the other hand, urban roads are places where air pollution is intensively generated, wherein pollution sources include a large amount of automobile exhaust and dust on the ground. The urban road is better than the urban blood vessels, has wide distribution and is communicated with all corners of the city, in Chinese patent specification CN201310096593, an air purification street lamp is disclosed, and specifically an air purification device arranged at the bottom of a lamp post comprises a shell, an air suction pump, a plurality of filter screens and a plurality of negative ion filters, wherein the filter screens are detachably connected on the inner wall of the shell, the negative ion filters are arranged between adjacent filter screens, the air suction pump is arranged below the filter screens and connected on the inner wall of the shell, so that the suction and air supply directions are consistent, the suction and air supply efficiency is high, and the air purification efficiency is improved. When the device is used in a city with serious air pollution, the filter screen is easy to be saturated and blocked, if the device is not cleaned in time, the aim of air purification is difficult to achieve, and the device does not have continuous usability.
Chinese patent application 2015109618907 discloses an urban road electrostatic dust removal street lamp system, which comprises a transformer substation and automatic dust removal street lamps uniformly arranged at intervals beside an urban road; all the automatic dust removal street lamps are connected in parallel through cables and then are connected with a transformer substation; the automatic dust removal street lamp comprises a lamp body, a stand column, a photoelectric conversion mechanism and a garbage collection mechanism, wherein the stand column is hollow and is permeable up and down, the stand column is in a cuboid structure in appearance, the bottom end of the stand column is fixed beside a street, and an automatic air guide mechanism, a self-cleaning high-voltage electrostatic dust collection mechanism, a water circulation type dust cleaning mechanism and a distribution box are sequentially arranged in the stand column from top to bottom; the photoelectric conversion mechanism is arranged at the top end of the upright post, the garbage collection mechanism is arranged outside an upper port of the upright post, and the distribution box is positioned at the bottom of the upright post; the scheme sprays water mist with static electricity to adsorb particle pollutants in the air, so that a large amount of water mist exists under the street lamp, and the street lamp cannot be normally used in the daytime.
In conclusion, the air purification device applied to the street lamp at present is mainly poor in purification effect and cannot effectively remove pollutants in air; in addition, the existing street lamp with the air purification device is poor in appearance appreciation and lacks of vitality due to the installation of the air purification device.
Disclosure of Invention
1. Technical problem to be solved by the invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of poor purification effect and poor ornamental value of an air purification device arranged on a street lamp in the prior art, and provides a street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponically culturing plants and electrostatically purifying air. The invention realizes two-stage purification of air by the cylindrical electrostatic purifier and the flying disc type electrostatic purifier, and beautifies urban environment by matching with the water culture plants.
2. Technical scheme
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme provided by the invention is as follows:
the invention discloses a street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponically planting plants and electrostatically purifying air, which comprises an air purification mechanism and an electrostatic hydroponic mechanism which are arranged on a support, wherein the electrostatic hydroponic mechanism is arranged in the middle section of the support, and an electrode plate is arranged in a flowerpot liner of the street lamp and is used for electrostatically hydroponically planting the plants; install the street lamp body on the air purification mechanism, this air purification mechanism includes:
the air exchange mechanism is used for introducing outside air into the shell of the air purification mechanism for purification;
the cylindrical electrostatic purifier is arranged on a chassis of the air purification mechanism, the upper side of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier is closed, and the cylindrical electrostatic purifier is used for primary air purification;
the frisby type electrostatic purifier is supported by the frisby bracket and is positioned above the cylindrical electrostatic purifier for secondary air purification.
As a further improvement of the invention, the air exchange mechanism comprises an air suction device which penetrates through the shell and is communicated with the outside, the inner end of the air suction device is connected with an air inlet of the air pump, an air outlet of the air pump is connected with an air injection pipe, an outlet of the air injection pipe is positioned in the annular cavity of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier, and an air outlet is arranged on the shell.
As a further improvement of the invention, the inner wall of the flying disc support is connected with a partition plate, the lower end of the partition plate is connected with the chassis, and an exhaust gap is reserved between the partition plate and the cylindrical electrostatic purifier.
As a further improvement of the invention, the upper end of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier is sealed by a large water mist sprayer, the middle part of the large water mist sprayer is connected with a water inlet pipe, and a drainage outlet is arranged on the chassis.
As a further improvement of the invention, the top of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier is provided with a small water mist sprayer which is used for spraying water mist to the flying disc type electrostatic purifier, and the chassis is provided with a drain outlet.
As a further improvement of the invention, a flow pipe is arranged between the isolation plate and the shell, a waste water collecting cavity is arranged at the bottom of the chassis, the drain outlet and the drain outlet of the flow pipe are both communicated with the waste water collecting cavity, and the bottom of the waste water collecting cavity is communicated with the support pipe.
As a further improvement of the invention, the electrostatic water culture mechanism comprises a flowerpot and a flowerpot liner connected with a support pipe, wherein the flowerpot liner is provided with a water culture groove, and a grid port for injecting water into the water culture groove is arranged on the support pipe; and a water culture water outlet is arranged on the pillar pipe and used for discharging water liquid overflowing from the water culture groove.
As a further improvement of the invention, the flowerpot liner mainly comprises a shell and electrode plates arranged on the inner wall of the shell, wherein the electrode plates comprise a copper anode plate and a zinc cathode plate which are arranged at intervals.
As a further improvement of the invention, the LED street lamp is arranged on the outer wall of the flowerpot, and the power supply generated by the electrode plate is used for supplying power to the LED street lamp.
As a further improvement of the invention, the device also comprises a water storage and supply mechanism, wherein the water storage and supply mechanism comprises a water storage tank and a water pump, and the water storage tank is used for collecting the sewage flowing out of the pillar pipe and the water injected by the water supply pipe; the water pump extracts water liquid in the reservoir and conveys water to the air purification mechanism through the water inlet pipe in the strut pipe.
3. Advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the technical scheme provided by the invention has the following beneficial effects:
(1) according to the street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponics plants and electrostatically purifying air, the air purification mechanism is used for introducing external air, primary air purification is realized through the cylindrical electrostatic purifier, secondary air purification is realized through the flying disc type electrostatic purifier after purification, the air purification effect is improved, pollutants in the air can be effectively removed, the device is combined with the street lamp, urban air can be filtered and dedusted, and urban air pollution is reduced; the electrostatic water culture mechanism can generate static electricity to promote plant growth, can absorb part of pollutants on one hand, and can green the environment and beautify the city on the other hand.
(2) According to the street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponically planting plants and electrostatically purifying air, the upper end of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier is sealed by the large water mist sprayer, the large water mist sprayer can spray water mist downwards, and when the cylindrical electrostatic purifier stops working, the large water mist sprayer is used for spraying water downwards, so that the aim of purifying air by using water mist can be achieved; meanwhile, the sprayed water mist can clean pollutants adsorbed on the guide rod of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier, so that the adsorption capacity of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier is recovered. Similarly, the small water mist sprayer has the same function when being matched with the flying disc type electrostatic purifier, and the air purification effect of the device during continuous work is greatly improved through the intermittent work matching of electrostatic purification and water mist purification, so that the device is suitable for urban dust removal.
(3) According to the street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponically planting plants and electrostatically purifying air, the electrostatic hydroponic mechanism can be used for planting plants, so that the urban environment is beautified, and meanwhile, the street lamp has a certain air purification capacity; in addition, the discharged sewage is used as a plant growth nutrient solution, and the sewage is purified to a certain extent; the electrode plate can generate a certain potential difference, is beneficial to plant growth, and improves the absorption capacity of the electrode plate on pollutants in water.
(4) According to the street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponics plants and electrostatically purifying air, the water storage and supply mechanism is adopted for supplying water, the used water is collected in the reservoir, the water in the reservoir is pumped by the water pump to supply water to the water mist sprayer, self circulation can be achieved, energy is saved, the environment is protected, and the street lamp meets the concept requirement of sustainable development of modern cities.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the whole structure of the air purifying street lamp according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an air purification mechanism;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a cylindrical electrostatic purifier;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a flying disc type electrostatic purifier;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the anode plate and the cathode plate;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the arrangement of the ventilation mechanism and the water mist spraying device;
FIG. 7 is a schematic top view of the internal structure of the air purification mechanism;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of an electrostatic water culture mechanism;
FIG. 9 is a schematic cross-sectional structure diagram of an electrostatic water culture mechanism;
fig. 10 is a schematic top view of the electrostatic hydroponic mechanism.
The reference numerals in the schematic drawings illustrate:
1. an air purification mechanism; 1-1, a shell; 1-2, a cylindrical electrostatic purifier; 1-2-1, a positive electrode ring; 1-2-2, a negative electrode ring; 1-2-3, rolling ceramic; 1-3, flying disc type electrostatic purifier; 1-3-1, an anode plate; 1-3-2, a cathode plate; 1-3-3, an insulating ring; 1-4, a flying disc support; 1-5, a flow tube; 1-6, a separation plate; 1-7, an air suction device; 1-8, an air pump; 1-9, a wind spraying pipe; 1-10, a large water mist sprayer; 1-11, small water mist sprayer; 1-12 and an air outlet; 1-13, a chassis; 1-14, a drainage port; 1-15, window panels; 1-16, solar cell slice; 1-17, street lamp body; 1-18 parts of a waste water collecting cavity; 1-19, floor drain;
2. a pillar; 2-1, a strut tube; 2-2, a water inlet pipe;
3. an electrostatic hydroponic mechanism; 3-1, a flowerpot; 3-2, a flowerpot inner container; 3-3, an electrode plate; 3-3-1, copper anode plate; 3-3-2 parts of zinc cathode plates; 3-4, a closure cover plate; 3-5, a water culture water outlet; 3-6, inner wall of electrode plate; 3-7, a gate opening; 3-8, water culture grooves; 3-9, LED street lamp;
4. a water storage and supply mechanism; 4-1, a water reservoir; 4-2, a water suction port; 4-3, a water pump; 4-4, a waste water collecting pipe; 4-5, a valve; 4-6, a hand wheel; 4-7, a drain pipe; 4-8, a filter screen; 4-9 parts of water supply pipe; 4-10, a control rod.
Detailed Description
For a further understanding of the invention, reference should be made to the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and examples.
Example 1
With reference to fig. 1, the street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponically culturing plants and electrostatically purifying air of the embodiment includes an air purification mechanism 1 installed on a pillar 2, street lamp bodies 1-17 are installed on the air purification mechanism 1, the pillar 2 is columnar, the interior of the pillar is a cavity structure, a housing 1-1 and a chassis 1-13 are arranged in the air purification mechanism 1, the chassis 1-13 is connected with the pillar 2, the housing 1-1 is covered on the chassis 1-13 in a hemispherical shape, and a cavity between the housing 1-1 and the chassis 1-13 is used for accommodating each purification component. The street lamp body 1-17 can be arranged on the shell 1-1 or the chassis 1-13, and has certain difference with the set height and the application scene. In the embodiment, the street lamp is mainly used as a road street lamp, so that the street lamp bodies 1-17 are arranged on the chassis 1-13. Two street lamp bodies 1-17 can be symmetrically arranged on the chassis 1-13, and can illuminate two sides.
The street lamp bodies 1-17 can be powered by commercial power, and can also be used in combination with solar energy for energy conservation. In the embodiment, the solar cells 1-16 are arranged on the outer wall of the shell 1-1, and when the sun shines, the solar cells 1-16 can store the generated power for the street lamp bodies 1-17 to use at night.
The section of the adopted hemispherical shell 1-1 is an arc-shaped surface, the middle part of the shell is arched upwards, the solar cells 1-16 are distributed at the periphery of the shell 1-1 in rows, the hemispherical structure of the shell can ensure that all parts can contact with sunlight to generate electricity, and meanwhile, rainwater or other sundries can be prevented from being attached to the surface of the shell, and the structure is reasonable.
Referring to fig. 2, the air purification mechanism 1 of the present embodiment further includes a ventilation mechanism, a cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2, and a flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3, where the ventilation mechanism is configured to introduce external air into the housing 1-1, perform primary air purification through the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2, and perform secondary purification through the flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3.
Referring to fig. 3, the cylindrical electrostatic cleaner 1-2 of the present embodiment is provided on the chassis 1-13 of the air cleaning mechanism 1, with the upper side thereof closed. The cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 comprises an anode ring 1-2-1 and a cathode ring 1-2-2 which are arranged up and down, wherein columnar guide rods are arranged on the anode ring 1-2-1 and the cathode ring 1-2-2, and the guide rods on the anode ring 1-2-1 and the cathode ring 1-2-2 are arranged in a staggered manner and are connected into a whole through insulating ceramics 1-2-3. Namely, the anode ring 1-2-1 and the cathode ring 1-2-2 are enclosed into a cylinder, a guide rod connected on the anode ring 1-2-1 is intersected with a guide rod connected on the cathode ring 1-2-2, the end part of the guide rod on the anode ring 1-2-1 is connected with the annular ring body of the cathode ring 1-2-2 through insulating ceramics 1-2-3, and the end part of the guide rod on the cathode ring 1-2-2 is connected with the annular ring body of the anode ring 1-2-1 through insulating ceramics 1-2-3. The insulating ceramics 1-2-3 can be arranged into a cylinder shape, and the end part of the insulating ceramics is provided with a sleeve opening which is convenient for connection and fixation. The insulating ceramic 1-2-3 is used for connecting a support guide rod to form a cylindrical whole, and can play an insulating effect to ensure that the two electrodes can work normally.
An electric field is formed between the guide rods of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2, and the electric field can adsorb particulate pollutants in the air, so that primary purification is realized. In addition, the cylindrical electrostatic cleaner 1-2 can ionize a part of the substances, charge them, and adsorb them while passing through the flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3. An air injection pipe 1-9 in the air exchange mechanism is positioned in the annular space of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2, and the air injected by the air injection pipe is purified by the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2.
In the embodiment, the flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3 is supported by the flying disc support 1-4 and is positioned above the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 for secondary air purification. Specifically, with reference to fig. 4 and 5, the flying disc type electrostatic cleaner 1-3 includes a comb-shaped anode plate 1-3-1 and a comb-shaped cathode plate 1-3-2, wherein the comb teeth of the anode plate 1-3-1 and the cathode plate 1-3-2 are inserted and fixed in an annular insulating ring 1-3-3. An electric field is formed between the anode plate 1-3-1 and the cathode plate 1-3-2, and the device can also be used for dust removal and purification of air. In order to increase the electric field area, the middle part of the flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3 after the anode plate 1-3-1 and the cathode plate 1-3-2 are inserted and combined is arched upwards.
Referring to fig. 6, the inner wall of the flying disc support 1-4 of the embodiment is connected with a partition plate 1-6, the lower end of the partition plate 1-6 is connected with a chassis 1-13, and an air exhaust gap is reserved between the partition plate 1-6 and the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2. The air exchange mechanism in the embodiment can be arranged on the chassis 1-13, external air can be introduced by an air pump and pumped into the inner cavity of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2, and due to the air pressure, the top of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 is closed, air flows outwards, and the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 can remove particle haze in the air; air enters the gap from the side wall and flows upwards along the partition plates 1-6, and can enter the outer cavity only through the flying disc type electrostatic purifiers 1-3, so that secondary purification can be realized by the flying disc type electrostatic purifiers 1-3. An air outlet 1-12 can be arranged on the shell 1-1, and the purified air can be discharged through the air outlet 1-12.
This embodiment is provided with static water planting mechanism 3 on pillar 2, and static water planting mechanism 3 is located pillar pipe 2-1 middle section position for plant the water planting plant. The electrostatic water culture mechanism 3 can be provided with flowerpots, electrode plates 3-3 and the like, and the plant growth is promoted by the generated static electricity. At present, a plurality of street lamp poles are hung with water culture plants, so that the street lamp poles have certain air purification effect, adsorb floating dust and beautify urban environment.
Example 2
With reference to fig. 6 and 7, the street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponics plants and electrostatically purifying air of the present embodiment is improved by: the upper end of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 is sealed by a large water mist sprayer 1-10, and the middle part of the large water mist sprayer 1-10 is connected with a water inlet pipe 2-2. The large mist sprayer 1-10 is used for spraying mist downwards for purifying air with mist. Specifically, the water inlet pipe 2-2 in the middle of the large water mist sprayer 1-10 can be connected with a water pump, and water is supplied to the large water mist sprayer 1-10 through the water pump. The edge part of the large water mist sprayer 1-10 covers the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2, and when spraying water mist, the water mist can wash the guide rod of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2, so that dust attached to the upper side of the guide rod is washed away. The chassis 1-13 is provided with a discharge port 1-14, the discharge port 1-14 is positioned in a cavity enclosed by the isolation plate 1-6, and water flow formed by gathering the water mist can be discharged through the discharge port 1-14.
In this embodiment, the cylindrical electrostatic cleaner 1-2 can be attached with a large amount of pollutants after being used for a long time, and if the cleaning is not performed in time, the electrostatic dust removal effect can be affected, the air purification efficiency can be reduced, and even the due functions can not be performed normally. The implementation can cut off the power supply of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 after the cylindrical electrostatic purifier works for a period of time, stop the electrostatic dust removal work, then start the large water spray sprayer 1-10 to spray water, and clean the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 by using water flow to ensure the normal work of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier. In addition, when spraying water smoke, can spray the air that gets into simultaneously, make pollutant wherein adsorbed by the water droplet to discharge together along with the water liquid that assembles, realize the water smoke and remove dust, realized water smoke air purification and electrostatic air purification's combination, can obtain better purifying effect moreover.
Example 3
But street lamp of static water planting plant and static air-purifying of this embodiment, its difference lies in: it is also possible to separately provide the small mist sprayers 1-11, the small mist sprayers 1-11 being provided on the cover plate of the cylindrical electrostatic cleaner 1-2 and being supplied with water through the water inlet pipe 2-2. The small water mist sprayers 1-11 spray water upwards to wash the flying disc type electrostatic purifiers 1-3, the falling water drops flow downwards along the guide rod, pollutants attached to the guide rod can be removed, the cleaning effect on the electrostatic purifiers can be achieved, meanwhile, water mist is sprayed to purify air, and air mist purification is achieved while the electrostatic purifiers are cleaned.
Furthermore, the large water mist sprayer 1-10 can be matched with the small water mist sprayer 1-11 for use, and the large water mist sprayer 1-10 sprays water downwards for cleaning the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2; the small water mist sprayers 1-11 are arranged on the large water mist sprayers 1-10 and used for spraying water upwards to clean the flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3, and the cleaning effect is better. The small water mist sprayers 1-11 can be arranged in a plurality of numbers, so that the spraying directions can be adjusted conveniently, and the flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3 can be cleaned fully.
After the small water mist sprayer 1-11 is used, a large amount of water enters the outside of the flying disc support 1-4, and therefore, a flow pipe 1-5 is provided between the partition plate 1-6 and the outer case 1-1, and the flow pipe 1-5 can be provided on the base plate 1-13 for discharging sewage.
In addition, by adopting the structural design, when the electrostatic purifier is cleaned, air sprayed by the air spraying pipes 1-9 firstly passes through the large water mist sprayers 1-10 for spraying, a water film is easily formed between the guide rod gaps, and when the air passes through the guide rod gaps, the water film is broken, so that the air is ensured to be fully contacted with purified water, and primary purification of the air is realized. After entering the gap between the partition board 1-6 and the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2, the air flows upwards, and when reaching the position below the flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3, the small water mist sprayer 1-11 sprays and purifies the air, so that secondary air purification is realized, and therefore, a two-stage purification effect can be achieved when water mist purification is utilized, and the air purification effect is guaranteed.
Example 4
But street lamp of static water planting plant and static air-purifying of this embodiment, its improvement lies in: the air exchange mechanism in the embodiment comprises an air suction device 1-7 which penetrates through a shell 1-1 and is communicated with the outside, the inner end of the air suction device 1-7 is connected with an air inlet of an air pump 1-8, an air outlet of the air pump 1-8 is connected with an air injection pipe 1-9, and an outlet of the air injection pipe 1-9 is positioned in an annular cavity of a cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2; and the shell 1-1 is provided with at least two air outlets 1-12, preferably 4 air outlets which are arranged at equal intervals.
Specifically, the air suction device 1-7 can be an air inlet pipe, and the air pump 1-8 sucks outside air through the air suction device 1-7 and then discharges the air into the inner cavity through the air injection pipe 1-9. Preferably, a filter screen may be provided at the inlet of the air suction device 1-7 to primarily filter the outside air to prevent some bugs, silk wadding, etc. from entering the device.
In addition, the air injection pipes 1 to 9 in this embodiment may be double-ended nozzles, that is, two air injection ports are led out from the main pipe in the middle, and the two air injection ports are opposite to each other to inject air to both sides. The spray pipe of the spray pipe 1-9 can be arranged into a curved structure, so that the spray pipe port faces the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2. Further, in order to improve the efficiency, a plurality of air exchange mechanisms can be arranged at equal intervals along the circumferential direction of the base plate 1-13, preferably, 4 air injection pipes can be arranged at 4 positions along the circumferential direction of the base plate 1-13, so that the air injection pipes 1-9 can work cooperatively.
It should be noted that in order to prolong the service life of the air pump 1-8 and avoid the corrosion of the sewage, a cover plate is arranged between the isolation plate 1-6 and the shell 1-1 to cover the air pump 1-8, and the flow pipe 1-5 passes through the cover plate and the chassis 1-13 to discharge the sewage. The cover plate can be obliquely arranged, one side close to the shell 1-1 is a lower end, and the inlet of the flow pipe 1-5 is positioned at the lowest position, so that drainage is facilitated.
Example 5
But street lamp of static water planting plant and static air-purifying of this embodiment, its improvement lies in: in the embodiment, the lower side of the chassis 1-13 is provided with a waste water collecting cavity 1-18, and the discharge port 1-14 and the discharge port of the flow pipe 1-5 are communicated with the waste water collecting cavity 1-18, so that the sewage after purifying the air enters the waste water collecting cavity 1-18. The bottom plate of the waste water collecting cavity 1-18 is an arc-shaped plate protruding downwards, the middle position is the lowest, the bottom plate is communicated with the pillar pipe 2-1, and sewage can enter the pillar pipe 2-1 to be discharged.
Furthermore, a floor drain 1-19 is arranged at the communication position of the waste water collecting cavity 1-18 and the pillar pipe 2-1, the floor drain 1-19 is provided with a gap which is reserved and can block partial deposited pollutants, a window is arranged on the bottom plate of the waste water collecting cavity 1-18, the window is sealed by a window plate 1-15, and the accumulated substances in the waste water collecting cavity 1-18 can be cleaned by opening the window plate 1-15 regularly.
Example 6
But street lamp of static water planting plant and static air-purifying of this embodiment, its improvement lies in: in the embodiment, the electrostatic water culture mechanism 3 comprises a flowerpot 3-1 and a flowerpot liner 3-2 which are connected with a support pipe 2-1, the flowerpot liner 3-2 is provided with a water culture groove 3-8, and a grid opening 3-7 for injecting sewage discharged by the air purification mechanism 1 into the water culture groove 3-8 is arranged on the support pipe 2-1; and a water culture water outlet 3-5 is arranged on the support pipe 2-1 and is used for discharging water liquid overflowing from the water culture groove 3-8.
A large cavity is formed by the flowerpot 3-1 in the embodiment in a surrounding mode to protect the inner flowerpot container 3-2, plants can be planted in the inner flowerpot container 3-2, and the inner flowerpot container 3-2 is internally provided with the electrode plate 3-3 for generating static electricity and promoting plant growth. The connection part of the flowerpot liner 3-2 and the support column tube 2-1 is provided with a grid opening 3-7, the grid opening 3-7 is positioned at the upper side of the flowerpot liner 3-2, the bottom of the grid opening 3-7 is provided with a closure cover plate 3-4, and the closure cover plate 3-4 blocks the support column tube 2-1. The water liquid flowing down the pillar pipe 2-1 is blocked by the closure cover plate 3-4, and then enters the water culture groove 3-8 through the grid opening 3-7 to be used as nutrient solution for plant growth.
The water culture water outlets 3-5 arranged at the joint of the flowerpot 3-1 and the strut pipe 2-1 are positioned at the upper side of the bottom wall of the flowerpot 3-1, the water culture water outlets 3-5 are arranged at intervals, the flowerpot liner 3-2 overflows along with the continuous injection of water flow, the overflowing water liquid enters the flowerpot 3-1 and then can flow into the strut pipe 2-1 again through the water culture water outlets 3-5. 2 or 3 or 4 electrostatic hydroponic mechanisms 3 may be provided according to the height of the pillar tube 2-1 without particular limitation.
Example 7
But street lamp of static water planting plant and static air-purifying of this embodiment, its improvement lies in: the flowerpot inner container 3-2 mainly comprises a shell and an electrode plate 3-3 arranged on the inner wall of the shell, wherein the electrode plate 3-3 comprises a copper anode plate 3-3-1 and a zinc cathode plate 3-3-2 which are arranged at intervals. The copper anode plate 3-3-1 and the zinc cathode plate 3-3-2 are vertically inserted into the flowerpot inner container 3-2, and the copper anode plate 3-3-1 and the zinc cathode plate 3-3-2 can be connected by adopting a connection mode similar to that of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2.
Due to the fact that corrosive substances exist in the sewage and become certain acidity, the copper anode plate 3-3-1 and the zinc cathode plate 3-3-2 are electrolyzed in the water to form a certain potential difference, and an electric field is formed spontaneously. The water culture grooves 3-8 are used for water culture plants, and can be plants which are good at absorbing haze and purifying air, such as chlorophytum comosum and ivy. The root of the plant can promote the growth under the action of the weak electric field of copper and zinc, and the absorption of some substances in the wastewater is accelerated. And the electricity can also be output after each pair of copper-zinc electrode plates are connected in series. Further, the LED street lamp 3-9 can be arranged outside the flowerpot 3-1, the LED street lamp 3-9 can be set as a colored lamp and used for decorating a lamp post at night, and electric energy generated by the electrode plate 3-3 can be used for supplying power to the small LED street lamp 3-9.
Example 8
But street lamp of static water planting plant and static air-purifying of this embodiment, its improvement lies in: the street lamp in the embodiment also comprises a water storage and supply mechanism 4, wherein the water storage and supply mechanism 4 comprises a water storage tank 4-1 and a water pump 4-3, and the water storage tank 4-1 is used for collecting sewage flowing out of the strut pipe 2-1 and water injected by a water supply pipe 4-9; the water pump 4-3 pumps water in the reservoir 4-1 and delivers the water to the air purification mechanism 1 through the water inlet pipe 2-2 in the pillar pipe 2-1.
As shown in figure 1, a support column tube 2-1 is fixed on the ground, the inner cavity of the support column tube is communicated with a waste water collecting tube 4-4, the water outlet of the waste water collecting tube 4-4 is connected to the side wall of the bottom of a reservoir 4-1, a drain pipe 4-7 is also connected to the bottom of the reservoir 4-1, a valve 4-5 is arranged on the drain pipe 4-7, the valve 4-5 is connected with an operating rod 4-10, the upper end of the operating rod is connected with a hand wheel 4-6, and the opening and closing of the valve 4-5 can be controlled through the hand wheel 4-6. When the valve 4-5 is opened, the sewage in the water reservoir 4-1 can be discharged. After the water is discharged, water can be injected into the water reservoir 4-1 through the water supply pipe 4-9.
Further, in the present embodiment, a filter 4-8 is disposed in the reservoir 4-1, the filter 4-8 is divided into an upper layer and a lower layer, and the meshes of the lower filter 4-8 may be larger than the meshes of the upper filter 4-8, so as to filter the dirt in the water layer by layer. The water suction port 4-2 of the water pump 4-3 is inserted into the water storage tank 4-1 and is positioned on the upper layer filter screen 4-8 to realize water supply circulation. The reservoir 4-1 also needs to be periodically opened for cleaning. There are various cleaning methods, such as coating the wall with acid solution for cleaning, and then washing with high-pressure water cavity to prevent the over-derivation of living things in the tank.
The embodiment also provides a method for purifying air by using the device, which comprises the following steps:
step 1, controlling a ventilation mechanism in an air purification mechanism 1 to start, sucking outside air by an air pump 1-8 through an air suction device 1-7, and then discharging the air into an inner cavity through an air spraying pipe 1-9.
The air spraying pipe 1-9 blows in outside air into the shell 1-1, so that dust attached to the inside of the mechanism can be removed, and the influence of the dust on the purification effect during the operation of the purifier is reduced.
Step 2, starting the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 and the flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3 in the air purification mechanism 1, blowing air into the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 through an air spraying pipe 1-9, wherein due to air pressure, the top of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 is closed, the air flows outwards, and the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 can remove pollutants such as particle haze and the like in the air to realize primary purification; air enters the gap from the side wall and flows upwards along the partition plates 1-6, and can enter the outer cavity only through the flying disc type electrostatic purifiers 1-3, so that secondary purification can be realized by using the flying disc type electrostatic purifiers 1-3.
And 3, allowing the purified air to enter an area between the partition plate 1-6 and the shell 1-1 and to be discharged from an air outlet 1-12 on the side wall of the shell 1-1. The air outlet 1-12 can be arranged at the side part of the shell 1-1, and the top part of the shell 1-1 is closed, so that the flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3 can achieve a better purification effect. Otherwise, the air is directly discharged from the air outlet at the top of the shell 1-1, and the edge part of the flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3 is not fully applied.
Step 4, during air purification, the solar cell pieces 1-16 on the shell 1-1 absorb solar energy to generate electricity, and the generated power is stored and can be used for the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 and the flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3; or stored in a battery and distributed and managed by the control system. The present embodiment mainly embodies the structural part, and details of the control part are not described again.
When the large water mist sprayer 1-10 and the small water mist sprayer 1-11 are installed, the method also comprises the step 5: the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 and the flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3 are respectively cleaned by using a large water mist sprayer 1-10 and a small water mist sprayer 1-11, and the process is as follows:
s1: after the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 and the flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3 work for a period of time, the power supply is cut off, and the electrostatic purification and dust removal work is stopped.
S2, starting the large water mist sprayer 1-10 and the small water mist sprayer 1-11 to spray water mist, starting water supply of the water inlet pipe 2-2, and cleaning the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2 by using water flow; when spraying water mist, the air sprayed by the air spraying pipe 1-9 is firstly sprayed by the large water mist sprayer 1-10, so that pollutants in the air are adsorbed by water drops and are discharged along with gathered water liquid, and primary purification of the air is realized.
S3, after entering the gap between the partition board 1-6 and the cylindrical electrostatic purifier 1-2, the air flows upwards, and when reaching the lower part of the flying disc type electrostatic purifier 1-3, the small water mist sprayer 1-11 sprays and purifies the air, so that secondary air purification is realized, and therefore, a two-stage purification effect can be achieved when water mist purification is utilized, and the air purification effect is guaranteed.
S4, the water mist is discharged through the discharge openings 1-14 and the flow pipes 1-5.
And S5, stopping water inflow after a certain time interval, and circulating according to the steps 1-4. The moisture in the electrostatic precipitator can be air-dried while blowing air in step 1. The water spraying time can be set to be 5-20 minutes, and preferably 10 minutes. The electrostatic dust removal time can be set to 3-8 hours, and can also be set according to the pollution degree and the specific requirements.
When the electrostatic water culture mechanism 3 is installed, the method further comprises the following step 6 after the step 5: sewage is injected into the waste water collecting cavity 1-18, filtered by the floor drain 1-19 and enters the pillar pipe 2-1, water liquid flowing down the pillar pipe 2-1 is blocked by the closure cover plate 3-4, and then enters the inner cavity of the flowerpot inner container 3-2 through the grid opening 3-7 to be used as nutrient solution for plant growth. The electrode plate 3-3 in the flowerpot liner 3-2 spontaneously forms an electric field in water to promote the absorption of plants to substances in the wastewater, so that the plant growth can be promoted, and the sewage can be purified.
When the water storage and supply mechanism 4 is installed, the method further comprises the step 7: the waste water is injected into a waste water collecting cavity 1-18, filtered by a floor drain 1-19, enters a pillar pipe 2-1 and finally flows into a reservoir 4-1 of a water storage and supply mechanism 4. The water storage and supply mechanism 4 collects water liquid discharged by the strut pipes 2-1, supplies water to the water mist sprayers again after filtering, namely, the water liquid is used as a water source for the large water mist sprayers 1-10 and the small water mist sprayers 1-11, and the recycling of purified water is realized.
The present invention and its embodiments have been described above schematically, without limitation, and what is shown in the drawings is only one of the embodiments of the present invention, and the actual structure is not limited thereto. Therefore, if the person skilled in the art receives the teaching, without departing from the spirit of the invention, the person skilled in the art shall not inventively design the similar structural modes and embodiments to the technical solution, but shall fall within the scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a street lamp of static water planting plant and static air-purifying, is including installing air purification mechanism (1) and static water planting mechanism (3) on pillar (2), its characterized in that: the electrostatic water culture mechanism (3) is arranged at the middle section of the support column (2), and an electrode plate (3-3) is arranged in the flowerpot inner container (3-2) and is used for electrostatically water culturing plants; install street lamp body (1-17) on air purification mechanism (1), this air purification mechanism (1) includes:
the air exchange mechanism is used for introducing outside air into a shell (1-1) of the air purification mechanism (1) for purification;
the cylindrical electrostatic purifier (1-2) is arranged on a chassis (1-13) of the air purification mechanism (1), and the upper side of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier is closed and is used for primary air purification; the upper end of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier (1-2) is sealed by a large water mist sprayer (1-10), the middle part of the large water mist sprayer (1-10) is connected with a water inlet pipe (2-2), and a drainage outlet (1-14) is formed in a chassis (1-13);
the flying disc type electrostatic purifier (1-3) is supported by the flying disc support (1-4), is positioned above the cylindrical electrostatic purifier (1-2) and is used for secondary air purification; the top of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier (1-2) is provided with a small water mist sprayer (1-11), and the small water mist sprayer (1-11) is used for spraying water mist to the flying disc type electrostatic purifier (1-3).
2. The street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponics plants and electrostatically purifying air as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the air exchange mechanism comprises an air suction device (1-7) which penetrates through a shell (1-1) and is communicated with the outside, the inner end of the air suction device (1-7) is connected with an air inlet of an air pump (1-8), an air outlet of the air pump (1-8) is connected with an air injection pipe (1-9), an outlet of the air injection pipe (1-9) is positioned in an annular cavity of the cylindrical electrostatic purifier (1-2), and an air outlet (1-12) is formed in the shell (1-1).
3. The street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponics plants and electrostatically purifying air as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the inner wall of the flying disc support (1-4) is connected with a partition plate (1-6), the lower end of the partition plate (1-6) is connected with a chassis (1-13), and an exhaust gap is reserved between the partition plate (1-6) and the cylindrical electrostatic purifier (1-2).
4. The street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponics plants and electrostatically purifying air as claimed in claim 3, wherein: a flow pipe (1-5) is arranged between the isolation plate (1-6) and the shell (1-1), a waste water collecting cavity (1-18) is arranged at the bottom of the chassis (1-13), the drainage outlet (1-14) and the drainage outlet of the flow pipe (1-5) are communicated with the waste water collecting cavity (1-18), and the bottom of the waste water collecting cavity (1-18) is communicated with the pillar pipe (2-1).
5. The street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponics plants and electrostatically purifying air as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the electrostatic water culture mechanism (3) comprises a flowerpot (3-1) connected with a support pipe (2-1) and a flowerpot liner (3-2), the flowerpot liner (3-2) is provided with a water culture groove (3-8), and a grid opening (3-7) is formed in the support pipe (2-1) and used for injecting water into the water culture groove (3-8); and a water culture drainage outlet (3-5) is arranged on the support pipe (2-1) and used for discharging water liquid overflowing from the water culture groove (3-8).
6. The street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponics plants and electrostatically purifying air as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the flowerpot liner (3-2) mainly comprises a shell and an electrode plate (3-3) arranged on the inner wall of the shell, wherein the electrode plate (3-3) comprises a copper anode plate (3-3-1) and a zinc cathode plate (3-3-2) which are arranged at intervals.
7. The street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponics plants and electrostatically purifying air as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the LED street lamp (3-9) is arranged on the outer wall of the flowerpot (3-1), and the power supply generated by the electrode plate (3-3) is used for supplying power to the LED street lamp (3-9).
8. The street lamp capable of electrostatically hydroponics plants and electrostatically purifying air as claimed in claim 7, wherein: the water storage and supply mechanism (4) is further included, the water storage and supply mechanism (4) comprises a water storage tank (4-1) and a water pump (4-3), and the water storage tank (4-1) is used for collecting sewage flowing out of the pillar pipe (2-1) and water injected by the water supply pipe (4-9); the water pump (4-3) extracts water in the reservoir (4-1) and conveys the water to the air purification mechanism (1) through the water inlet pipe (2-2) in the pillar pipe (2-1).
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FR3080908A1 (en) * 2018-04-29 2019-11-08 David Dadoun EXTERNAL AIR PURIFIER COMPRISING A HUMIDIFIER SYSTEM

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JP2005021777A (en) * 2003-06-30 2005-01-27 Nec Engineering Ltd Water-flow type air cleaner
CN205372322U (en) * 2016-01-18 2016-07-06 崔书林 Remove haze lamp pole
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