CN105532554A - Ornamental crab culture system - Google Patents

Ornamental crab culture system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105532554A
CN105532554A CN201510938901.XA CN201510938901A CN105532554A CN 105532554 A CN105532554 A CN 105532554A CN 201510938901 A CN201510938901 A CN 201510938901A CN 105532554 A CN105532554 A CN 105532554A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
culturing pool
views
crab cultivating
sensor
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510938901.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
闻涛
Original Assignee
苏州蟹家族生态农业有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 苏州蟹家族生态农业有限公司 filed Critical 苏州蟹家族生态农业有限公司
Priority to CN201510938901.XA priority Critical patent/CN105532554A/en
Publication of CN105532554A publication Critical patent/CN105532554A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention relates to an ornamental crab culture system. The system is characterized by comprising a culture pond, a floating island, a water supply apparatus, a water discharge apparatus, an oxygen supply apparatus, a water quality monitoring apparatus and a monitoring device. The floating island is positioned above the water surface of the culture pond, and extends along the direction of the culture pond. The floating island comprises a frame, a floating body filling material, a planting cage and a support. The frame is composed of glass fiber-reinforced plastic pipes. The planting cage is arranged in the frame. The floating body filling material is arranged below the planting cage. According to the ornamental crab culture system, the floating island is arranged in the culture pond, and aquatic plants are planted in the floating island, such that culture pond water quality environment can be improved, and ornamental crab growth can be facilitated. With the water quality monitoring apparatus, the water quality environment in the culture pond can be monitored in a real-time mode. Once a certain indicator exceeds, an alarm device can be triggered to sound an alarm for reminding a staff to handle the problem.

Description

One views and admires crab cultivating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of ecologic breeding, particularly one views and admires crab cultivating system.
Background technology
Along with the raising of people's living standard, view and admire the object that crab becomes the raising of more and more family.But at present domestic for structure the ecologic breeding pool be also in the comparatively primary stage, Main Means be aquaculture model adjustment, by planting aquatic plants, put in a suitable place to breed the end dwell filter-feeding fish, optimize bait form and input mode promote overall water quality.Simple aquaculture model adjustment, often can not meet the demand of high-density breeding, also need to take water diversion and renewal for a long time, add the measure such as medicament, oxygenation aeration on this basis.Water diversion and renewal needs abundance, easily clean water source and, as changing water water source, there is the shortcomings such as water stabilization degree is poor, pollution transportation simultaneously; Add chemistry or microbial reagent and have that fund input is large, water quality easily repeatedly, have secondary pollution problems; It is high to there is energy consumption in artificial aeration, the high deficiency of disposal cost.Along with the mankind's improving constantly ecological requirements, market in the urgent need to a kind of efficient, environmental protection, safe and reliable view and admire crab cultivating system.
Summary of the invention
For solving above-mentioned Problems existing, one is the object of the present invention is to provide to view and admire crab cultivating system.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is:
One views and admires crab cultivating system, comprising: culturing pool, chinampa, water supply installation, drainage arrangement, oxygen supply device, water monitoring device;
Described culturing pool is the xoncrete structure of square, rectangle or circle, and the degree of depth of culturing pool is 0.6-1.2m;
Described chinampa is positioned at above the culturing pool water surface, direction along culturing pool is extended, and described chinampa comprises framework, buoyancy aid filler, plantation cage and support, and described framework is made up of cast, glass fiber reinforced plastic tubes, be provided with plantation cage in framework, below described plantation cage, have buoyancy aid filler;
Described water supply installation and oxygen supply device are arranged on culturing pool, are respectively culturing pool and provide water source and oxygen;
Described drainage arrangement is arranged on bottom culturing pool;
Described water monitoring device is positioned at culturing pool middle inside, monitors and gathers the water quality environment parameter of culturing pool inside, and by wireless network transmissions to watch-dog.
Separately have, lay layer of fine sand bottom described culturing pool, the particle diameter of described fine sand is 0.25-0.35mm.
And, plant any one in reed, aquatic India canna, water peanut, water chestnut, oenanthe stolonifera in described plantation cage.
Further, described buoyancy aid filler is any one in expanded polystyrene (EPS), tiny balloon filler, vermiculite, tire, plastic sheet, plant branch stem.
Meanwhile, described water monitoring device comprises temperature sensor, dissolved oxygen sensor, pH sensor, level sensor, salinity sensor and turbidity transducer.
Separately, described in view and admire crab cultivating system and be also provided with siren, once water monitoring device monitors out overproof water quality, watch-dog alert trigger device gives the alarm.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
(1) one provided by the invention views and admires crab cultivating system, in culturing pool, be provided with chinampa, planting aquatic plants in described chinampa, can improve the water quality environment of culturing pool, is suitable for the growth of viewing and admiring crab;
(2) one provided by the invention views and admires crab cultivating system, arranges water monitoring device, can monitor the water quality environment of culturing pool in real time, once a certain index exceeding standard, and alert trigger device gives the alarm, and reminds staff to process.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation viewing and admiring crab cultivating system of the present invention.
Wherein, 1 be culturing pool, 2 be chinampa, 3 be water supply installation, 4 be oxygen supply device, 5 be water monitoring device, 6 for drainage arrangement.
Embodiment
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, further describe below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, one views and admires crab cultivating system, comprising: culturing pool 1, chinampa 2, water supply installation 3, drainage arrangement 6, oxygen supply device 4, water monitoring device 5;
Described culturing pool 1 is the xoncrete structure of rectangle, and the degree of depth of culturing pool 1 is 0.8m;
Described chinampa 2 is positioned at above culturing pool 1 water surface, direction along culturing pool 1 is extended, and described chinampa 2 comprises framework, buoyancy aid filler, plantation cage and support, and described framework is made up of cast, glass fiber reinforced plastic tubes, be provided with plantation cage in framework, below described plantation cage, have buoyancy aid filler;
Described water supply installation 3 and oxygen supply device 4 are arranged on culturing pool 1, are respectively culturing pool 1 and provide water source and oxygen;
Described drainage arrangement 6 is arranged on bottom culturing pool 1;
Described water monitoring device 5 is positioned at culturing pool 1 middle inside, monitors and gathers the water quality environment parameter of culturing pool 1 inside, and by wireless network transmissions to watch-dog.
Separately have, lay layer of fine sand bottom described culturing pool 1, the particle diameter of described fine sand is 0.30mm.
And, plant water peanut in described plantation cage.
Further, described buoyancy aid filler is expanded polystyrene (EPS).
Meanwhile, described water monitoring device 5 comprises temperature sensor, dissolved oxygen sensor, pH sensor, level sensor, salinity sensor and turbidity transducer.
Separately, described in view and admire crab cultivating system and be also provided with siren, once water monitoring device 5 monitors out overproof water quality, watch-dog alert trigger device gives the alarm.
Embodiment 2
One views and admires crab cultivating system, comprising: culturing pool 1, chinampa 2, water supply installation 3, drainage arrangement 6, oxygen supply device 4, water monitoring device 5;
Described culturing pool 1 is foursquare xoncrete structure, and the degree of depth of culturing pool 1 is 0.6m;
Described chinampa 2 is positioned at above culturing pool 1 water surface, direction along culturing pool 1 is extended, and described chinampa 2 comprises framework, buoyancy aid filler, plantation cage and support, and described framework is made up of cast, glass fiber reinforced plastic tubes, be provided with plantation cage in framework, below described plantation cage, have buoyancy aid filler;
Described water supply installation 3 and oxygen supply device 4 are arranged on culturing pool, are respectively culturing pool 1 and provide water source and oxygen;
Described drainage arrangement 6 is arranged on bottom culturing pool 1;
Described water monitoring device 5 is positioned at culturing pool 1 middle inside, monitors and gathers the water quality environment parameter of culturing pool inside, and by wireless network transmissions to watch-dog.
Separately have, lay layer of fine sand bottom described culturing pool 1, the particle diameter of described fine sand is 0.25mm.
And, plant reed in described plantation cage.
Further, described buoyancy aid filler is tiny balloon filler.
Meanwhile, described water monitoring device 5 comprises temperature sensor, dissolved oxygen sensor, pH sensor, level sensor, salinity sensor and turbidity transducer.
Separately, described in view and admire crab cultivating system and be also provided with siren, once water monitoring device 5 monitors out overproof water quality, watch-dog alert trigger device gives the alarm.
Embodiment 3
One views and admires crab cultivating system, comprising: culturing pool 1, chinampa 2, water supply installation 3, drainage arrangement 6, oxygen supply device 4, water monitoring device 5;
Described culturing pool 1 is circular xoncrete structure, and the degree of depth of culturing pool is 1.2m;
Described chinampa 2 is positioned at above culturing pool 1 water surface, direction along culturing pool 1 is extended, and described chinampa 2 comprises framework, buoyancy aid filler, plantation cage and support, and described framework is made up of cast, glass fiber reinforced plastic tubes, be provided with plantation cage in framework, below described plantation cage, have buoyancy aid filler;
Described water supply installation 3 and oxygen supply device 4 are arranged on culturing pool 1, are respectively culturing pool 1 and provide water source and oxygen;
Described drainage arrangement 6 is arranged on bottom culturing pool 1;
Described water monitoring device 5 is positioned at culturing pool 1 middle inside, monitors and gathers the water quality environment parameter of culturing pool 1 inside, and by wireless network transmissions to watch-dog.
Separately have, lay layer of fine sand bottom described culturing pool 1, the particle diameter of described fine sand is 0.35mm.
And, plant water chestnut in described plantation cage.
Further, described buoyancy aid filler is vermiculite.
Meanwhile, described water monitoring device 5 comprises temperature sensor, dissolved oxygen sensor, pH sensor, level sensor, salinity sensor and turbidity transducer.
Separately, described in view and admire crab cultivating system and be also provided with siren, once water monitoring device monitors out overproof water quality, watch-dog alert trigger device gives the alarm.
One provided by the invention views and admires crab cultivating system, chinampa is provided with in culturing pool, planting aquatic plants in described chinampa, can improve the water quality environment of culturing pool, the breeding water after water circulation cultivation system process of the present invention: dissolved oxygen > 4mg/L; Ammonia nitrogen < 0.2mg/L; Suspension < 2mg/L; COD < 3mg/L, be suitable for the growth of viewing and admiring crab, and one provided by the invention views and admires crab cultivating system, water monitoring device is set, can monitor the water quality environment of culturing pool in real time, once a certain index exceeding standard, and alert trigger device gives the alarm, and reminds staff to process.
It should be noted that, above embodiment is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention and unrestricted.Although with reference to preferred embodiment to invention has been detailed description, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can modify to the technical scheme of invention or equivalent replacement, and not depart from the scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in right of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. view and admire a crab cultivating system, it is characterized in that, comprising: culturing pool, chinampa, water supply installation, drainage arrangement, oxygen supply device, water monitoring device;
Described culturing pool is the xoncrete structure of square, rectangle or circle, and the degree of depth of culturing pool is 0.6-1.2m;
Described chinampa is positioned at above the culturing pool water surface, direction along culturing pool is extended, and described chinampa comprises framework, buoyancy aid filler, plantation cage and support, and described framework is made up of cast, glass fiber reinforced plastic tubes, be provided with plantation cage in framework, below described plantation cage, have buoyancy aid filler;
Described water supply installation and oxygen supply device are arranged on culturing pool, are respectively culturing pool and provide water source and oxygen;
Described drainage arrangement is arranged on bottom culturing pool;
Described water monitoring device is positioned at culturing pool middle inside, monitors and gathers the water quality environment parameter of culturing pool inside, and by wireless network transmissions to watch-dog.
2. one according to claim 1 views and admires crab cultivating system, it is characterized in that, lays layer of fine sand bottom described culturing pool, and the particle diameter of described fine sand is 0.25-0.35mm.
3. one according to claim 1 views and admires crab cultivating system, it is characterized in that, plants any one in reed, aquatic India canna, water peanut, water chestnut, oenanthe stolonifera in described plantation cage.
4. one according to claim 1 views and admires crab cultivating system, it is characterized in that, described buoyancy aid filler is any one in expanded polystyrene (EPS), tiny balloon filler, vermiculite, tire, plastic sheet, plant branch stem.
5. one according to claim 1 views and admires crab cultivating system, it is characterized in that, described water monitoring device comprises temperature sensor, dissolved oxygen sensor, pH sensor, level sensor, salinity sensor and turbidity transducer.
6. one according to claim 1 views and admires crab cultivating system, it is characterized in that, described in view and admire crab cultivating system and be also provided with siren, once water monitoring device monitors out overproof water quality, watch-dog alert trigger device gives the alarm.
CN201510938901.XA 2015-12-16 2015-12-16 Ornamental crab culture system CN105532554A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106605609A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-03 庞倩媚 Low-cost ecologic culture system
CN106797880A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-06-06 深圳前海弘稼科技有限公司 A kind of nutrient solution pollution treatment method and relevant device
CN109089977A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-28 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑美水产生态养殖专业合作社 The high-yield cultivation method of steamed crab

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101766138A (en) * 2010-01-13 2010-07-07 苏州大学 Circulating-water aquaculture system and application thereof
CN201550500U (en) * 2009-12-04 2010-08-18 上海海洋大学 Movable emergency-avoiding plant floating platform for safety guarantee of crab aquaculture
CN102356760A (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-02-22 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Method of constructing water circulating system for shrimp-crab pond culture
CN104211259A (en) * 2014-09-16 2014-12-17 同济大学 Multifunctional ecological purification system for large-scale circulation breeding water
CN204120009U (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-01-28 天津市酉鑫藤农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of crab cultivation system
CN204762866U (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-11-18 江苏省淡水水产研究所 Self -purification formula circulating water culture of chinese mitten crab system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201550500U (en) * 2009-12-04 2010-08-18 上海海洋大学 Movable emergency-avoiding plant floating platform for safety guarantee of crab aquaculture
CN101766138A (en) * 2010-01-13 2010-07-07 苏州大学 Circulating-water aquaculture system and application thereof
CN102356760A (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-02-22 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Method of constructing water circulating system for shrimp-crab pond culture
CN104211259A (en) * 2014-09-16 2014-12-17 同济大学 Multifunctional ecological purification system for large-scale circulation breeding water
CN204120009U (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-01-28 天津市酉鑫藤农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of crab cultivation system
CN204762866U (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-11-18 江苏省淡水水产研究所 Self -purification formula circulating water culture of chinese mitten crab system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106605609A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-03 庞倩媚 Low-cost ecologic culture system
CN106797880A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-06-06 深圳前海弘稼科技有限公司 A kind of nutrient solution pollution treatment method and relevant device
CN109089977A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-28 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑美水产生态养殖专业合作社 The high-yield cultivation method of steamed crab

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Application publication date: 20160504