CN103999813B - A kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device - Google Patents

A kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device Download PDF

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CN103999813B
CN103999813B CN201410242237.0A CN201410242237A CN103999813B CN 103999813 B CN103999813 B CN 103999813B CN 201410242237 A CN201410242237 A CN 201410242237A CN 103999813 B CN103999813 B CN 103999813B
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CN103999813A (en
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王连成
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Linquan Aidixing Education Consulting Co., Ltd
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王连成
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Abstract

A kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device belongs to aquaculture field, and it by doing isothermal holding to save the energy to breeding facility;Aquaculture constant temperature machine is that a best growth temperature is created in aquatic animal;Bottom interlayer micro-pore oxygenation can saturated oxygen supply, do not stay dead angle;Probiotics is utilized to control harmful bacteria, decompose the residual bait of feces;Utilize Maifanitum Adsorption of Heavy Metals, purify water;Coral sand is utilized to regulate pH value;Solve Eriocheir sinensis by dismountable punching division board and case lid to cut one another's throat problem。So there is good substrate, it is possible to reduce the generation of aquatic animal disease, laid a solid foundation for producing green non-pollution food;Suitable water temperature, saturated dissolved oxygen can improve the density of aquaculture of aquatic animal, improve survival rate and feed conversion rate, promotes aquatic animal growth, reduces the breeding production cycle。This device can be used for cultivating multiple aquatic products, and invests low, and cost performance is high, and general medium and small investors can accept。

Description

A kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device
One. technical field:
The present invention relates to aquaculture equipment, specifically a kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device。
Two. technical background:
It is known that along with the scarcity gradually of marine fishery resources, aquaculture has become as main fishery source。The efficiently aquaculture product kind such as Eriocheir sinensis, clam worm, Stichopus japonicus receives much attention, and everybody is how exploration adopts intensive culture to improve culture benefit, and indoor circulating water three-dimensional culture is subject to everybody gradually with incomparable advantage and pays close attention to。The growth of aquatic animal and cultivation water environment have close relationship, and aquatic animal has again respective life habit。
Eriocheir sinensis is an important breed variety, and cultural technique is highly developed at present。Crab cultivation requires that the Eriocheir sinensis of same size could be supported together, and otherwise, the internecine habit of Eriocheir sinensis makes survival rate be only capable of reaching less than 20%;Cultivation density is required, and 1000-1500 is only supported at most in every mu of pond, average every square meter Cultivated water just 2;Dissolved oxygen in aquaculture water is required preferably more than 8 mg/litre, it is impossible to lower than 5 mg/litre, be otherwise easily caused shell unsuccessful;Water temperature is required, and water temperature is when 15-26 DEG C, and food ration is big, and movable normal, growth is fast, and water temperature is not just ingested lower than 10 DEG C or higher than 32 DEG C of Eriocheir sinensiss, impact growth;The substrate of culturing pool requires excellent, and the substrate degenerated easily grows pathogenic bacteria, and Eriocheir sinensis easily catches an illness death;Use medicine in a large number to prevent and cure diseases, it is easy to cause drug residue, jeopardize food safety。The pollution of cultivation that current China coast coastal seawater is subject to industrial or agricultural in various degree and shallow sea exceeds standard, it is a common problem that heavy metal in sea water exceeds standard。
Present natural clam worm is fewer and feweri, and the demand of clam worm increases year by year。Owing to nutritive value and the commercial value of clam worm are very high, it it is a current popular breed variety。Clam worm thermophily is very strong, can survive for 0-50 DEG C, but just not reuptake bait, the also just not regrowth lower than 10 DEG C, will freeze to death lower than less than 0 DEG C。Clam worm grows quickly under preference temperature, just can form finished product less than half a year。The natural enemy of clam worm is a lot, and open-air atmosphere cultivation loss is very big, and when collecting product, cost of labor is too high。
Present breading sea cucumber seedlings mostly operates in indoor water mud sump, and manually burning boiler heats up to aquaculture water。Owing to cement pond is big, it is not easy to management, it is easy to causing dissolved oxygen bottom pond not enough, water temperature is unstable, causes that substrate worsens, and this needs again continually pond, increases labor intensity, is also easy to make sea cucumbers come to harm, and Stichopus japonicus is liable to illness, even dead。For preventing and treating diseases, it is necessary to use medicine, Hua Liaoqian in a large number in violation of rules and regulations, also result in Stichopus japonicus drug residue。The existence water temperature of Stichopus japonicus, at subzero 1.5 DEG C-30 DEG C above freezing, carries out Stichopus japonicus form at ginseng circle and natural waters, and when water temperature is lower than 2 DEG C, Stichopus japonicus is in hibernation-like state;Water temperature is when 10 DEG C-15 DEG C, and food ration is maximum;When 17 DEG C-19 DEG C, food ration is greatly reduced again;More than 20 DEG C, Stichopus japonicus enters aestivation。During aestivation, Stichopus japonicus does not eat motionless, there is also and causes the phenomenon lost weight because of hydropenia, and " water temperature " is Stichopus japonicus dormancy whether determiner。
In a word, the efficiently aquaculture product kind such as Eriocheir sinensis, clam worm, Stichopus japonicus has respective life habit, and water temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH value are relied on very strong by their growth, and quickly, condition is not suitable for growth retardation or sick to condition suitable growth。Current aquaculture of aquatic animal ubiquity water temperature is uncontrollable, dissolved oxygen is inadequate, is easily caused substrate and worsens, and aquatic animal is easily sick, easily causes drug residue, the problems such as water is seriously polluted, heavy metals exceeding standard。Both have impact on the specific yield of aquaculture, have impact on again the quality of aquatic products。
" the seawater circulation water cultivating system Optimum design of engineering structure " of Du Shouen, Qu Keming, Sang great He discusses a kind of advanced form that indoor seawater circulation water cultivation is industrialized culture, it is actively to control water environment and nutrition supply with industrialization means, can annual produce continuously, have water saving, energy-conservation, feed coefficient is low, the feature of high density healthy aquaculture, and does not produce sea environment to pollute。It typically requires the following equipment of outfit: culturing pool, automatically control Microfilter, water circulating pump, comprehensive organism filter tank, protein separator, aquaculture sandfiltration pot, ultraviolet ray disinfector, cool-heat-exchanger, pipeline dissolving device, automatic water monitor。Using the purpose automatically controlling Microfilter is remove float in water, including plankton, the broken bait of residue etc.;The purpose using Protein Skimmer is to remove ammonia nitrogen and organic substance;The purpose using aquaculture sandfiltration pot is to remove impurities in water;The purpose using ultraviolet ray disinfector is to kill noxious bacteria in water;The purpose using pipeline dissolving device is to improve oxygen in water;Using the purpose of automatic water monitor is that the salinity to aquaculture water, PH detect。Proved by practice repeatedly, it will be argued that the said equipment is really good!It is fully able to the needs meeting indoor industrially circulating water cultivation, but expensive, and general medium and small investors be can not accept。Some equipment can substitute use completely, so both accomplishes ecologic breeding, it is also possible to reduce investment outlay。
Three. summary of the invention:
The problem that it is an object of the invention to overcome the problems existed in above-mentioned aquaculture and industrial circulating water cultivating to need very high investment costs, and propose a kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device。
It is an object of the invention to be reached by following measure, a kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device, it includes box for breeding, shelf, biofilter, tank, water circulating pump, aquaculture constant temperature machine, aerator and connecting line thereof;It is characterized in that: described box for breeding piles up formation three-dimensional culture structure on described shelf, the length and width of described box for breeding are put along the length and width of described shelf, multiple described shelf laid parallels in room, dividing water inlet pipe, point appendix to stand on the two ends of shelf respectively with point drain pipe, each point of water inlet pipe is connected with main drainpipe with main appendix, each point of drain pipe with main water inlet tube, each point of appendix;Described box for breeding is by casing, the bottom interlayer formed with microwell plate at the bottom of casing, the inlet opening offered on dismountable punching division board and case lid and box body wall, osculum and gas transmission pore composition, it is characterized in that: described casing is cuboid, described casing adopts thickened heat insulation layer to make, aeration tube is laid at the bottom of described casing, described aeration tube covers microwell plate, bottom interlayer is formed at the bottom of described casing and between microwell plate, the mixture of one layer of medical stone granule: coral sand particulate quartz sand grains is laid above described microwell plate, the mixture of described medical stone granule: coral sand particulate quartz sand grains is splashed useful vaccine, described cabinet wall is provided with groove, described groove has draw-in groove and the straight trough two kinds being distributed in proportion, described straight trough is used for installing dismountable punching division board, described punching division board leaves otch in proportion, described otch intersects fixing for punching division board, described draw-in groove is positioned at the wide side of described casing, described draw-in groove top has appendix to bore a hole, described draw-in groove is used for installing appendix with appendix perforation, described appendix installs air volume regulating valve outside casing, described appendix is connected with aeration tube, described casing width side box wall crown center has dismountable press strip, described press strip two ends and casing are screwed, there is the grate installing case lid described press strip both sides, described grate is connected with case lid;There is the same side box body of appendix arranged above with inlet opening, elbow bend is installed in the case of described inlet opening, it is installed into Water gate valve outside the casing of described inlet opening, what have inlet opening has two osculums to side box wall bottom, aperture, inlet opening described in described osculum aperture ratio is big, water-level regulator is installed in one osculum case, elbow+straight tube is installed outside case, described water-level regulator is made up of the dismountable straight tube highly not waited slotting on elbow bend and filter cap, filter cap is installed in another osculum case, elbow and gate valve are installed outside case, described elbow is connected with straight tube with gate valve, described straight tube and straight tube meet at a point drain pipe;Described each point of drain pipe is connected with main drainpipe, described main drainpipe mouth leads to biofilter, and described main drainpipe mouth is equipped with removable filter bag, and breeding wastewater is carried out solid-liquid separation by described filter bag, described solid is stayed needs manually to change cleaning in filter bag, described liquid enters biofilter;Described biofilter is dug in underground and deep big again, described biofilter communicates with bottom tank, in described biofilter at the bottom of filtrate and pond between have thick punched-plate to separate a space, it is covered with aeration tube under described thick punched-plate, described aeration tube is connected with appendix, described appendix is connected with main appendix, equipped with non-return valve on described main appendix, described filter material for biological filter is successively by the bag filter of quartz sand grains medical stone granule: coral sand blend of granules whose, biological ball, filter cotton forms, described biological ball is splashed useful vaccine, water through filtration treatment enters tank, described biofilter is bigger than described tank, also the bag filter of quartz sand grains medical stone granule: coral sand granule it is covered with bottom described tank, described tank Chi Kou adds a cover;At the bottom of water inlet distance pond, described water circulating pump lower end, filter bag is farther out, water in described tank is squeezed into aquaculture constant temperature machine by water circulating pump by pipeline, equipped with non-return valve on described pipeline, described aquaculture constant temperature machine water is heated or refrigeration process reach preset temperature laggard enter main water inlet tube, water in described main water inlet tube enters a point water inlet pipe, and the water of described point of water inlet pipe enters casing by water inlet pipe gate valve;Oxygen-containing air is pressed into main appendix by described aerator, equipped with non-return valve on described main appendix, air in described main appendix enters a point appendix, equipped with air volume regulating valve on described point of appendix, air in described point of appendix enters the appendix in casing by air volume regulating valve, air in described appendix enters aeration tube, air in described aeration tube is emerged densely covered whole box bottom interlayer, the air of the described whole box bottom interlayer that gathers enters water body by the micropore on microwell plate, needs for Aquatic product growth of animal;
Box for breeding casing of the present invention adopts thickened heat insulation layer to make, and such casing is both solid, can reduce again water temperature and run off, save the energy better;
Casing of the present invention is cuboid, but is not limited to cuboid;
According to the higher principle of cost performance, the high preferably 1300mm*650mm*300mm of the long * width * of casing of the present invention;Shelf of the present invention are preferred: long 1400mm* width 650mm* height 1800mm, high score four layers, every layer of load-bearing 250kg;
The present invention is at the mixture of one layer of upper berth of box bottom interlayer microwell plate medical stone granule:, coral sand granule and quartz sand grains, thickness is preferably in about 30mm, so both created an imitative natural environment for aquatic animal, the heavy metal ion in medical stone granule: absorption water can be utilized again, medical stone granule: have bioactive macroelement and trace element simultaneously, dissolution, in water body, compensate for the mesotrophic deficiency of water body, it is ensured that the growth demand of aquatic animal;Utilize the alkalescence of coral sand granule, regulate the pH value of aquaculture water;
The present invention splashes useful vaccine and useful vaccine of splashing in described biological ball in the mixture of medical stone granule: coral sand particulate quartz sand grains, saturated dissolved oxygen supply is utilized to cultivate probiotics, suppress harmful bacteria, decompose feces and the residual bait of aquatic animal, purify water, reduce the generation of disease, lay a solid foundation for producing green non-pollution food, the preferred bacillus cereus of useful vaccine of the present invention;
The aeration tube of the present invention and aeration tube both can use nanometer aeration pipe, it is also possible to pricking hole oxygen row, it is preferable that nanometer aeration pipe;
Punching division board of the present invention preferred aperture about 10mm, thickness about 3mm;
Main water inlet tube of the present invention, main appendix all walk trench with main drainpipe, and described main water inlet tube, point water inlet pipe and main drainpipe, a point drain pipe preferably employ isothermal holding measure;
Biofilter of the present invention is dug in underground and deep big again, tank depth is about 1500mm, described biofilter communicates with bottom tank, in described biofilter at the bottom of filtrate and pond between have thick punched-plate to separate a space, it is covered with aeration tube under described thick punched-plate, described aeration tube is connected with appendix, described appendix is connected with main appendix, equipped with non-return valve on described main appendix, described filter material for biological filter is successively by the bag filter of quartz sand grains medical stone granule: coral sand blend of granules whose, biological ball, filter cotton forms, described biological ball is splashed useful vaccine, the water of described filtration treatment enters tank, described biofilter is bigger than described tank, both ratios are 2: 1, also the bag filter of quartz sand grains medical stone granule: coral sand granule it is covered with bottom described tank, described tank Chi Kou adds lid, at the bottom of water inlet distance pond, described water circulating pump lower end, filter bag is farther out, distance is about 500mm。
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: add heat-insulation layer by box for breeding casing and isothermal holding is done on intake-discharge pipe road and tank is added a cover, it is possible to reduce water temperature and run off, save the energy;It is that a best growth temperature is created in aquatic animal by aquaculture constant temperature machine;By bottom interlayer micro-pore oxygenation can saturated oxygen supply, do not stay dead angle;The mixture spreading one layer of medical stone granule: coral sand particulate quartz sand above microwell plate is that an imitative natural environment is created in aquatic animal, and useful vaccine of splashing wherein, utilize saturated dissolved oxygen supply to cultivate probiotics to control harmful bacteria, decompose the residual bait of feces, utilize medical stone granule: Adsorption of Heavy Metals, purify water, utilize coral sand granule to regulate pH value;The problems that cut one another's throat such as Eriocheir sinensis are solved by dismountable punching division board and case lid;The broken bait of residue etc. suspended in water is removed by the filter cotton above the filter bag of main drainpipe mouth and biofilter。So there is good substrate, it is possible to reduce the generation of aquatic animal disease, it is possible to without medicine, laid a solid foundation for producing green non-pollution food;Suitable water temperature, saturated dissolved oxygen can improve the density of aquaculture of aquatic animal, improve survival rate and feed conversion rate, promotes aquatic animal growth, reduces the breeding production cycle。So both improve the specific yield of aquaculture, improve again the quality of aquatic products。The present invention can be used for cultivating multiple aquatic products, and invests low, is only the half of existing industrial circulating water cultivating, and cost performance is high, and general medium and small investors can accept。
Before the present patent application, searched for by soopat, the application not seeing the similar present invention is inquired about by Baidu, also without open application in society, illustrates that the present invention has novelty。Oxygen supplement bottom current aquaculture, mostly adopts and throws in aeration stone, aeration tube at the bottom of culturing pool, and such oxygen supplement is uneven, it is easy to leaving dead angle, and the present invention adopts interlayer micro-pore oxygenation bottom box for breeding, dead angle uniformly, is not stayed in oxygen supplement;It is related at present stir, with medical stone powder, the report feeding fish, shrimp, Carnis Haliotidis in feedstuff, the immunity improving aquatic products just with Maifanitum that they introduce, and effect is fine, but utilizes Maifanitum Adsorption of Heavy Metals in aquaculture to purify water and all do not mention。Present invention can be extensively applied to aquaculture industry, according to disclosure, it is possible to very simply replicate and use。
Four. accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1. Multipurpose water Products Eco box for breeding structural representation: casing (1), aeration tube (2), microwell plate (3), bottom interlayer (1)-1., the mixture (4) of medical stone granule: coral sand particulate quartz sand granule, useful vaccine (5), draw-in groove (6)-1., straight trough (6)-2., appendix (7), appendix perforation (7)-2., punching division board (8), inlet opening (9), osculum (10), the osculum (10) of installation water-level regulator-1., the osculum (10) of installation filtration gate valve-2., otch [(15)]
Fig. 2. indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquaculture schematic flow sheet: shelf+box for breeding (ten)+(one), biofilter (two), tank (three), water circulating pump (four), water pipe non-return valve (four)-1., aquaculture constant temperature machine (five), aerator (six), trachea non-return valve (six)-1., main drainpipe (seven), point drain pipe (seven)-1., main water inlet tube (eight), point water inlet pipe (eight)-1., main oxygen catheter (nine), point appendix (nine)-1.
Fig. 3. Multipurpose water product cultivating case top view: casing (1), press strip (16), case lid (17), grate (18)
Fig. 4. water-level regulator structural representation: elbow bend (11)-1., straight tube (11)-2., filter cap (11)-3.
Fig. 5. filter gate valve structure schematic diagram: filter cap (13), gate valve (14)
Fig. 6. three-dimensional culture device side structure schematic diagram: box for breeding (), shelf (ten), main water inlet tube (eight), point water inlet pipe (eight)-1., main oxygen catheter (nine), point appendix (nine)-1., inlet opening (9), appendix perforation (7)-2.
Fig. 7. three-dimensional culture device side structure schematic diagram: box for breeding (), shelf (ten), main drainpipe (seven), point drain pipe (seven)-1., main water inlet tube (eight), point water inlet pipe (eight)-1., main oxygen catheter (nine), point appendix (nine)-1., elbow and gate valve (14), gate valve (19) of intaking, air volume regulating valve (7)-1.
Fig. 8. three-dimensional culture device side structure schematic diagram: box for breeding (), shelf (ten), main drainpipe (seven), point drain pipe (seven)-1., drainage valve (14), the osculum (10) of water-level regulator-1. is installed, the osculum (10) that filters gate valve is installed-2., elbow+straight tube (12)-1., elbow+straight tube (12)-2.
Fig. 9. biofilter and tank structure schematic diagram: main drainpipe (seven), main drainpipe mouth (seven)-2., biofilter (two), filter bag (two)-1., thick punched-plate (two)-2., aeration tube (two)-3., appendix (two)-4., the bag filter (two) of quartz sand medical stone granule: coral sand blend of granules whose-5., biological ball (two)-6., useful vaccine (two)-7., filter cotton (two)-8., tank (three), lid (three)-1., the bag filter (three) of quartz sand medical stone granule: coral sand granule-2., water circulating pump (four), water pipe non-return valve (four)-1., water circulating pump lower end water inlet (four)-2.
Five. specific embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
A kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device, it includes box for breeding [()], shelf [(ten)], biofilter [(two)], tank [(three)], circulating pump [(four)], aquaculture constant temperature machine [(five)], aerator [(six)] and connecting line thereof, it is characterized in that: described box for breeding [()] piles up formation three-dimensional culture structure on described shelf [(ten)], the length and width of described box for breeding [()] are put along the length and width of described shelf [(ten)], multiple described shelf [(ten)] laid parallel in room, point water inlet pipe [(eight)-1.], point appendix [(nine)-1.] stands on the two ends of shelf [(ten)] respectively with a point drain pipe [(seven)-1.], each point of water inlet pipe [(eight)-1.] and main water inlet tube [(eight)], each point of appendix [(nine)-1.] and main appendix [(nine)], each point of drain pipe [(seven)-1.] be connected with main drainpipe [(seven)], main water inlet tube [(eight)], point water inlet pipe [(eight)-1.] and main drainpipe [(seven)], point drain pipe [(seven)-1.] preferably employ isothermal holding, main water inlet tube [(eight)], main appendix [(nine)] same to main drainpipe [(seven)] all walks trench;Described box for breeding [(one)] is by casing [(1)], bottom interlayer that casing [(the 1)] end and microwell plate [(3)] are formed [(1)-1.], the inlet opening [(9)] offered on dismountable punching division board [(8)] and casing [(1)] wall, osculum [(10)] and gas transmission pore [(7)-2.] composition, it is characterized in that: described casing [(1)] in cuboid but is not limited to cuboid, described casing [(1)] adopts thickened heat insulation layer to make, casing of the present invention [(1)] preferably employs thickened heat insulation layer rotational moulding and forms, aeration tube [(2)] is laid at described casing [(the 1)] end, aeration tube [(2)] both can use nanometer aeration pipe, can also use and prick hole oxygen row, the preferred nanometer aeration pipe of the present invention, described aeration tube [(2)] is connected with appendix [(7)], described aeration tube [(2)] covers microwell plate [(3)], bottom interlayer [(1)-1.] is formed between described casing [(the 1)] end and microwell plate [(3)], described microwell plate [(3)] lays mixture [(4)] thickness about the 30mm of one layer of medical stone granule: coral sand particulate quartz sand granule above, the mixture [(4)] of described medical stone granule: coral sand particulate quartz sand granule is splashed useful vaccine [(5)], the useful vaccine [(5)] of the present invention is bacillus cereus preferably, described casing [(1)] inwall is provided with groove [(6)], described groove [(6)] has draw-in groove [(6)-1.] and the straight trough [(6)-2.] two kinds being distributed in proportion, described draw-in groove [(6)-1.] is positioned at the wide side of described casing [(1)], the circular arc that described draw-in groove [(6)-1.] is deep about 12mm, appendix perforation [(7)-2.] is arranged at described draw-in groove [(6)-1.] top, described draw-in groove [(6)-1.] bore a hole with appendix [(7)-2.] be used for appendix [(7)] is installed, described appendix [(7)] installs outward air volume regulating valve [(7)-1.] at casing [(1)], described straight trough [(6)-2.] deep 3mm width 5mm, described straight trough [(6)-2.] be used for dismountable punching division board [(8)] is installed, described punching division board [(8)] aperture 10mm left and right thickness about 3mm, described punching division board [(8)] leaves otch [(15)] in proportion, described otch [(15)] intersects fixing for punching division board [(8)];The wide side box wall crown center of described casing [(1)] has dismountable press strip [(16)], described press strip [(16)] two ends and casing [(1)] are screwed, there is the grate [(18)] of installation case lid [(17)] described press strip [(16)] both sides, and described grate [(18)] is connected with case lid [(17)];There is the same side box body [(1)] of appendix [(7)] arranged above with inlet opening [(9)], the elbow bend [(20)] of six points is installed in described inlet opening [(9)] case, the water inlet gate valve [(19)] of six points installed outward by described inlet opening [(9)] casing [(1)], what have inlet opening [(9)] has two osculums [(10)] to side box wall bottom, described in described osculum [(10)] aperture ratio, inlet opening [(9)] aperture is big, in one osculum [(10)-1.] case, water-level regulator [(11)] is installed, elbow+straight tube [(12)-1.] is installed outside case, described water-level regulator (11) is made up of the upper dismountable straight tube [(11)-2.] highly not waited and the filter cap [(11)-3.] of inserting of the elbow bend [(11)-1.] of one-inch half, another osculum [(10)-2.] case interior installation filter cap [(13)], the gate valve [(14)] of one-inch half is installed outside case, described gate valve [(14)] and elbow+straight tube [(12)-2.] be connected, described elbow+straight tube [(12)-1.] and elbow+straight tube [(12)-2.] meet at a point drain pipe [(seven)-1.], described each point of drain pipe [(seven)-1.] be connected with main drainpipe [(seven)], described main drainpipe mouth [(seven)-2.] is towards biofilter [(two)], described main drainpipe mouth [(seven)-2.] is equipped with dismountable filter bag [(two)-1.], described filter bag [(two)-1.] breeding wastewater is carried out solid-liquid separation, described solid is stayed in filter bag [(two)-1.] and is needed manually to change cleaning, described liquid enters biofilter [(two)], described biofilter [(two)] is dug in underground and deep big again, deep preferably about 1500mm, described biofilter [(two)] communicates with tank [(three)] bottom, in described biofilter [(two)] at the bottom of filtrate and pond between have thick punched-plate [(two)-2.] to separate a space, aeration tube [(two)-3.] it is covered with under described thick punched-plate [(two)-2.], described aeration tube [(two)-3.] and appendix [(two)-4.] be connected, described appendix [(two)-4.] be connected with main appendix [(nine)], equipped with non-return valve [(six)-1.] on described main appendix [(nine)], described biofilter [(two)] filtrate is successively by the bag filter [(two)-5.] of quartz sand grains medical stone granule: coral sand blend of granules whose, biological ball [(two)-6.], filter cotton [(two)-8.] composition also compacting, described various filtrates will first pass through cleaning before using, sterilization, use again after placing 12 hours, described biological ball during laying [(two)-6.] is splashed useful vaccine [(two)-7.], the useful vaccine of the present invention [(two)-7.] preferably bacillus cereus, lay various filtrate and want water filling, oxygen supplement, support water and throw in aquatic animal again in more than 24 hours, purpose is first to have cultivated probiotics, it is used for suppressing the breeding of harmful bacteria, lay a solid foundation for ecologic breeding, water through filtration treatment enters tank [(three)], described biofilter [(two)] is bigger than described tank [(three)], both are preferably 2: 1 at ratio, described tank [(three)] bottom is also covered with the bag filter [(three)-2.] of quartz sand grains medical stone granule: coral sand granule, aquaculture water can be filtered further, described tank [(three)] Chi Kou adds a cover [(three)-1.], described tank [(three)] the interior edema distance of positions from Chi Kou not higher than 20mm, filter bag at the bottom of described water circulating pump [(four)] lower end water inlet [(four)-2.] distance pond [(three)-2.] farther out, distance is preferably 500mm, the inner water of described tank [(three)] is squeezed into aquaculture constant temperature machine [(five)] by water circulating pump [(four)] by pipeline, equipped with non-return valve [(four)-1.] on described pipeline, described aquaculture constant temperature machine [(five)] water is heated or refrigeration process reach preset temperature laggard enter main water inlet tube [(eight)], the inner water of described main water inlet tube [(eight)] enters a point water inlet pipe [(eight)-1.], the water of described point of water inlet pipe [(eight)-1.] enters casing [(1)] by water inlet pipe gate valve [(19)];Oxygen-containing air is pressed into main appendix [(nine)] by described aerator [(six)], equipped with non-return valve [(six)-1.] on described main appendix, the inner air of described main appendix [(nine)] enters a point appendix [(nine)-1.], the inner air of described point of appendix [(nine)-1.] enters the appendix [(7)] in casing by air volume regulating valve [(7)-1.], air entrance aeration tube [(2)] that described appendix [(7)] is inner, described aeration tube [(2)] inner air is emerged densely covered whole casing [(1)] bottom interlayer [(1)-1.], the air of the described whole casing [(1)] bottom interlayer [(1)-1.] that gathers enters water body by the micropore on microwell plate [(3)], need for Aquatic product growth of animal。Ecologic breeding should be noted that some detailed problems: aquatic animal entrance box for breeding [(one)] is front first to disinfect by mistake disinfectant, also to disinfect before bait feeding。
Box for breeding [(one)] be designed to: long 1300mm* width 650mm* height 300mm。Shelf [(ten)] be designed to: long 1400mm* width 650mm* height 1800mm, high score four layers, every layer of load-bearing 250kg, and management is got up also more convenient, also makes equipment cost performance the highest。
Owing to most of aquatic animals just can cultivate at the water level of about 250mm, box for breeding [()] highly designs and is advisable at 300mm。
When needs cultivate Eriocheir sinensis, due to biology maximum individual swimming crab body width at 220mm, with punching division board [(8)], box for breeding [()] is divided into the space of 320mm*320mm, it is sufficient to meet the growth needs of big individual Eriocheir sinensis;With punching division board [(8)], box for breeding [()] is divided into the space of 210mm*210mm, it is possible to meeting the growth needs of bigger individual Eriocheir sinensis, fertile Eriocheir sinensis is comparatively suitable to bringing up temporarily。Box for breeding [(one)] is divided into the space of 16mm*16mm with punching division board [(8)], the Eriocheir sinensis of 3-4 about two is grown conveniently by this, it is possible to cultivate soft crab again。
When needs cultivate clam worm, it is possible to remove punching division board [(8)], utilize bottom to filter gate valve filter cap [(13)] gate valve [(14)], imitate the fluctuation of tide。Owing to cultivating at indoor circulating water, water temperature is controlled, may be set to the growth temperature that clam worm is best, adds dissolved oxygen and the bait supply of abundance, allows clam worm grow rapidly。During results product, only water inlet gate valve [(19)] need to being closed, bottom gate valve [(14)] is opened, and easily pulls out with dredger, and clam worm is very clean, does not also damage, and very laborsaving saves time again!Owing to cultivating at indoor circulating water, temperature-controllable, it is possible to annual produce continuously, within 1 year, gather in the crops several batches, indoor culture can thoroughly solve again clam worm natural enemy problem simultaneously, makes that the yields have increased considerably。
When needs breading sea cucumber seedlings, small size pond easily facilitates operation management, owing to adopting aquaculture constant temperature machine [(five)] to utilize electrical heating refrigeration and thermostatic control, thus can utilize flowing water and the stress of constant temperature water supply minimizing Stichopus japonicus;Box for breeding [(one)] bottom micro-pore oxygenation, breeding water body is made to have the dissolved oxygen of abundance, plus having cultivated probiotics, can feces at the bottom of decomposition box and residual bait, purify water, so there is no need to again pond, alleviate the amount of labour, allow sea cucumbers no longer sick, thus decreasing the use of medicine simultaneously。Stichopus japonicus is formed, owing to being Stichopus japonicus optimum growth temp 10 DEG C-15 DEG C by temperature constant, thus can avoid aestivation and the hibernation of Stichopus japonicus, pay no attention to disconnected production throughout the year, greatly shorten the artificial cultivation production cycle。Market input can be carried out according to the market demand, thus obtaining higher profit simultaneously。

Claims (10)

1. an indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device, it includes box for breeding, shelf, biofilter, tank, water circulating pump, aquaculture constant temperature machine, aerator and connecting line thereof;It is characterized in that: described box for breeding piles up formation three-dimensional culture structure on described shelf, the length and width of described box for breeding are put along the length and width of described shelf, multiple described shelf laid parallels in room, dividing water inlet pipe, point appendix to stand on the two ends of shelf respectively with point drain pipe, each point of water inlet pipe is connected with main drainpipe with main appendix, each point of drain pipe with main water inlet tube, each point of appendix;Described box for breeding is made up of inlet opening, osculum and the gas transmission pore offered on the bottom interlayer, dismountable punching division board and the case lid that are formed with microwell plate at the bottom of casing, casing and box body wall;Aeration tube is laid at the bottom of described casing, described aeration tube covers microwell plate, bottom interlayer is formed at the bottom of described casing and between microwell plate, the mixture of one layer of medical stone granule: coral sand particulate quartz sand grains is laid above described microwell plate, the mixture of described medical stone granule: coral sand particulate quartz sand grains is splashed useful vaccine, described cabinet wall is provided with groove, described groove has draw-in groove and the straight trough two kinds being distributed in proportion, described straight trough is used for installing dismountable punching division board, described punching division board leaves otch in proportion, described otch intersects fixing for punching division board, described draw-in groove is positioned at the wide side of described casing, described draw-in groove top has appendix to bore a hole, described draw-in groove is used for installing appendix with appendix perforation, described appendix installs air volume regulating valve outside casing, described appendix is connected with aeration tube, described casing width side box wall crown center has dismountable press strip, described press strip two ends and casing are fixed, there is the grate installing case lid described press strip both sides, described grate is connected with case lid, there is the same side box body of appendix arranged above with inlet opening, elbow bend is installed in the case of described inlet opening, it is installed into Water gate valve outside the casing of described inlet opening, what have inlet opening has two osculums to side box wall bottom, aperture, inlet opening described in described osculum aperture ratio is big, water-level regulator is installed in one osculum case, elbow+straight tube is installed outside case, filter cap is installed in another osculum case, elbow and gate valve are installed outside case, described elbow is connected with straight tube with gate valve, described straight tube and straight tube meet at a point drain pipe;Described each point of drain pipe is connected with main drainpipe, described main drainpipe mouth leads to biofilter, described main drainpipe mouth is equipped with dismountable filter bag, breeding wastewater is carried out solid-liquid separation by described filter bag, solid is stayed needs manually to change cleaning in filter bag, liquid enters biofilter, described biofilter is dug in underground and deep big again, described biofilter communicates with bottom tank, in described biofilter at the bottom of filtrate and pond between have thick punched-plate to separate a space, it is covered with aeration tube under described thick punched-plate, described aeration tube is connected with appendix, described appendix is connected with main appendix, equipped with non-return valve on described main appendix, described filter material for biological filter is successively by the bag filter of quartz sand grains medical stone granule: coral sand blend of granules whose, biological ball, filter cotton forms, described biological ball is splashed useful vaccine, water through filtration treatment enters tank, described biofilter is bigger than described tank, described tank Chi Kou adds a cover, at the bottom of water inlet distance pond, described water circulating pump lower end, bag filter is farther out, water in described tank is squeezed into aquaculture constant temperature machine by water circulating pump by pipeline, equipped with non-return valve on described pipeline, described aquaculture constant temperature machine water is heated or refrigeration process reach preset temperature laggard enter main water inlet tube, water in described main water inlet tube enters a point water inlet pipe, the water of described point of water inlet pipe enters casing by water inlet pipe gate valve;Oxygen-containing air is pressed into main appendix by described aerator, equipped with non-return valve on described main appendix, air in described main appendix enters a point appendix, equipped with air volume regulating valve on described point of appendix, air in described point of appendix enters the appendix in casing by air volume regulating valve, air in described appendix enters aeration tube, air in described aeration tube is emerged densely covered whole box bottom interlayer, the air of the described whole box bottom interlayer that gathers enters water body by the micropore on microwell plate, needs for Aquatic product growth of animal。
2. a kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described casing is cuboid, but is not limited to cuboid。
3. a kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the described preferred bacillus cereus of useful vaccine。
4. a kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described box for breeding casing adopts thickened heat insulation layer to make。
5. a kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described biofilter is bigger than described tank, and both ratios are 2: 1。
6. a kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: at the bottom of described water circulating pump lower end water inlet distance pond, bag filter is farther out, and distance is 500mm。
7. a kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described biofilter digs in underground and deeply again greatly, tank depth is 1500mm。
8. a kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described water-level regulator is made up of the dismountable straight tube highly not waited slotting on elbow bend and filter cap。
9. a kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is covered with the bag filter of quartz sand grains medical stone granule: coral sand granule bottom described tank。
10. a kind of indoor circulating water stereoscopic multipurpose aquatic products ecology rearing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described main water inlet tube, main appendix all walk trench with main drainpipe, described main water inlet tube, point water inlet pipe and main drainpipe, point drain pipe adopt isothermal holding measure。
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