CN105511525B - Plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device - Google Patents

Plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105511525B
CN105511525B CN201410493255.6A CN201410493255A CN105511525B CN 105511525 B CN105511525 B CN 105511525B CN 201410493255 A CN201410493255 A CN 201410493255A CN 105511525 B CN105511525 B CN 105511525B
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China
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plant growth
control module
crop
intelligent control
contrast experiment
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CN105511525A (en
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田立国
李猛
邹江涛
刘志奇
李玉爽
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Tianjin University of Technology
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Tianjin University of Technology
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Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device, for the crop growthing state under the conditions of exploratory development different growing environment.The plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment device includes two identical plant growth experimental boxs, two sets of crop growth information detection means and the part of control computer three;Humiture, intensity of illumination, gas concentration lwevel parameter in control computer regulating crop growth experimental box, while controlling the plant growth information under plant growth information detector collection different growing environment.This plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device has the level of informatization high, it is simple in construction, easy to operate the characteristics of, crop growthing state during crop growth environment Parameters variation can be detected in real time, and early stage basis is provided from laboratory research to practical application for the relation between crop growthing state and ambient parameter.

Description

Plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device, specifically tested using plant growth Case regulation produces the crop growth environment of different parameters, and plant growth information is gathered by plant growth information detector, with This is used for the affecting laws of exploratory development humiture, intensity of illumination, gas concentration lwevel Parameters variation to crop growthing state.
Background technology
With continuing to develop for scientific and technological and modern installations agricultural, the research of plant factor is by the wide of advanced country in the world General to pay attention to, various types of plant factors have obtained practical application.Plant factor is referred in facility by controlling crop Growing environment(Light, temperature, gas concentration lwevel, nutrient, moisture etc.)Cultivated, and to crop growth environment and fertility shape Condition is observed, engagement height environmental Kuznets Curves and growth prediction, the crops such as vegetables is carried out the cultivation of annual, planned production Facility, is the ultimate form of industrialized agriculture.
The growth course of crop needs the conditions such as certain specific temperature, humidity and illuminance, when environmental condition can not expire During sufficient above-mentioned requirements, they just stop growing, or even rotten, dead.And to obtain the optimum condition needed for plant growth, it is impossible to Individually statically consider a certain factor, and should synthetically influence and control of the research environment parameter to plant growth on the whole Problem.The factor of influence plant growth mainly has the factors such as illuminance, temperature, humidity and gas concentration lwevel, by studying this These factors preferably can be controlled by a little influences of the envirment factor to plant growth, so as to build suitable crop life Long suitable environment, promotes crop preferably to grow.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of exploratory development crop under the growing environment of different parameters Growth conditions rule contrast experiment's device, by adjusting the change of humiture, intensity of illumination, gas concentration lwevel parameter, Carry out Experimental comparison and draw the affecting laws of humiture, intensity of illumination, gas concentration lwevel Parameters variation to crop growthing state.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:A kind of plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device, including two phases Same plant growth experimental box, two sets of crop growth information detection means and the part of control computer three, each plant growth Experimental box includes intelligent control module, environmental parameter detection device and ambient parameter adjusting means, wherein ambient parameter detection dress Put and be connected with the input port of intelligent control module, ambient parameter adjusting means is connected with relay terminal row, relay terminal Arrange and be connected with the general purpose outputs mouthful of intelligent control module, intelligent control module passes through RS232 serial communication datas line and control Computer is connected;Crop growth information detection means is wherein often covered by three-dimensional bracket, data acquisition unit, information detecting unit group Into information detecting unit is connected by usb communication data wire with control computer.
Described environmental parameter detection device is by Temperature Humidity Sensor, gas concentration lwevel sensor and optical sensor group Into being separately mounted to the bottom, middle part and top of plant growth experimental box, wherein Temperature Humidity Sensor is serial by two-wire system Interface is connected with intelligent control module, two moulds of gas concentration lwevel sensor and optical sensor and intelligent control module Plan/numeral translation interface is connected.
Described ambient parameter adjusting means is by LED light source plate, thermoregulator, humidistat, gas concentration lwevel Adjuster and air regulator composition, wherein thermoregulator, humidistat, gas concentration lwevel adjuster and air Adjuster is connected with relay terminal row, and relay terminal is arranged to be connected with the general purpose outputs mouthful of intelligent control module, LED/light source Plate is connected with the PWM output port of intelligent control module.
Described plant growth information detector is made up of three-dimensional bracket, data acquisition unit, information detecting unit, data Collector is by two panels transparent organic glass clamping plate, circulation leaf chamber, LED/light source, leaf temperature sensor group into wherein the leaf chamber that circulates Gas circulation device is installed, data acquisition unit is fixed on three-dimensional bracket.
Described information detecting unit includes air pump, flowmeter, aerial temperature and humidity sensor, capnograph, number According to capture card, information detecting unit is connected by usb communication data wire with control computer.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is this plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's apparatus structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is this plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device context parameter detection device circuit theory diagrams.
Fig. 3 is this plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device context parameter adjustment control structural representation.
Fig. 4 is this plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device plant growth information detector structural representation.
Reference:1- experimental boxs;2-LED light source boards;3- refrigerators;4- heating rods;5- air ejector fans;6- air intake wind Fan;7- humidifiers;8- carbon-dioxide generators;9- Temperature Humidity Sensors;10- gas concentration lwevel sensors;11- illumination is sensed Device;12- relay terminals are arranged;13- intelligent control modules;14- detects crop;15- three-dimensional brackets;16- data acquisition units;161- Transparent organic glass clamping plate;162- circulation leaf chambers;163- leaf temperature sensors;164-LED light sources;17- gas circulation devices; 18- information detecting units;181- air pumps;182- flowmeters;183- aerial temperature and humidity sensors;184- capnographs; 185- data collecting cards;19-USB communication data lines;20-RS232 serial communication data lines;21- control computers.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described with example below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
This plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device is mainly used in the crop growth environment of exploratory development different parameters To the affecting laws of crop growthing state.
As shown in figure 1, the plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment device of the present invention includes two identical plant growths Experimental box 1, two sets of crop growth information detection means and the part of control computer 21 3, each plant growth experimental box 1 are wrapped Containing intelligent control module 13, environmental parameter detection device and ambient parameter adjusting means, wherein environmental parameter detection device is by temperature Humidity sensor 9, gas concentration lwevel sensor 10 and optical sensor 11 are constituted, and ambient parameter adjusting means is by LED light Source plate 2, thermoregulator, humidistat, gas concentration lwevel adjuster and air regulator composition;Ambient parameter is detected Device is connected with the input port of intelligent control module 13, and ambient parameter adjusting means is connected with relay terminal row 12, relay Device terminal block 12 is connected with the general purpose outputs mouthful of intelligent control module 13, and intelligent control module 13 passes through RS232 serial communications Data wire 20 is connected with control computer 21;Plant growth information detector is by three-dimensional bracket 15, data acquisition unit 16, information Detection unit 18 is constituted, and information detecting unit 18 is connected by usb communication data wire 19 with control computer 21.
As shown in Fig. 2 described environmental parameter detection device Temperature Humidity Sensor 9, the and of gas concentration lwevel sensor 10 Optical sensor 11 is constituted, for gathering the humiture in plant growth experimental box, gas concentration lwevel and intensity of illumination ginseng Number;Temperature Humidity Sensor 9 is connected by two-wire system serial line interface with intelligent control module 13, wherein clock pins SCK and data Pin DATA is connected with PC2, PC3 port of intelligent control module 13 respectively;Gas concentration lwevel sensor 10 and illumination sensing Device 11 is connected with two analog/digital conversion interfaces of intelligent control module 13, and wherein gas concentration lwevel sensor 10 is defeated Go out signal OUT with the PA1 interfaces of intelligent control module 13 to be connected, output signal OUT and the intelligent control mould of optical sensor 11 The PA2 interfaces of block 13 are connected.
As shown in Figure 3, described ambient parameter adjusting means by LED light source plate 2, thermoregulator, humidistat, Gas concentration lwevel adjuster and air regulator composition, wherein thermoregulator is made up of refrigerator 3 and heating rod 4, wet Degree adjuster be made up of humidifier 7, gas concentration lwevel adjuster is made up of carbon-dioxide generator 8, air regulator then by Air ejector fan 5 and air inlet fan 6 are constituted;Refrigerator 3, heating rod 4, air ejector fan 5, air inlet fan 6, humidifier 7, carbon dioxide Generator 8 is connected with relay terminal row 12 respectively, the output port PB1 of relay terminal row 12 and intelligent control module 13, PB2, PB3, PB4, PB5, PB6 are connected, the red control port RED of LED light source plate 2 and blue control port BLUE respectively with intelligence PWM output port PD2, PD3 of energy control module 13 are connected.
As shown in Figure 4, described plant growth information detector is examined by three-dimensional bracket 15, data acquisition unit 16, information Survey unit 18 to constitute, data acquisition unit 16 is by two panels transparent organic glass clamping plate 161, circulation leaf chamber 162, leaf temperature sensor 163rd, LED/light source 164 is constituted, wherein circulation leaf chamber 162 is provided with gas circulation device 17, a piece of blade of detection crop 14 is consolidated It is scheduled in circulation leaf chamber 162, data acquisition unit is fixed on three-dimensional bracket;Information detecting unit 18 is by air pump 181, flowmeter 182nd, aerial temperature and humidity sensor 183, capnograph 184, data collecting card 185 are constituted, the sky in circulation leaf chamber 162 Gas reaches flowmeter 182, aerial temperature and humidity sensor 183, titanium dioxide successively after being evacuated through air pump 181 by gas circulation device 17 In carbon analyzer 184, leaf temperature sensor 163, LED/light source 164, flowmeter 182, aerial temperature and humidity sensor 183, dioxy Change carbon analyzer 184 respectively with data collecting card 185 to be connected, so as to obtain the intensity of illumination of the detection blade surface of crop 14, leaf Piece temperature, aerial temperature and humidity, gas concentration lwevel information, data collecting card 185 are calculated by usb communication data wire 19 with control Machine 21 is connected.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device, including two identical plant growth experimental boxs, two sets of crops Growth information detection means and the part of control computer three, it is characterised in that:Each plant growth experimental box is controlled comprising intelligence Molding block, environmental parameter detection device and ambient parameter adjusting means, wherein environmental parameter detection device and intelligent control module Input port be connected, ambient parameter adjusting means and relay terminal row are connected, and relay terminal is arranged and intelligent control module General purpose outputs mouthful be connected, intelligent control module is connected by RS232 serial communication data lines with control computer;It is wherein every Set crop growth information detection means is made up of three-dimensional bracket, data acquisition unit, information detecting unit, and information detecting unit passes through Usb communication data wire is connected with control computer;
Described plant growth information detector is made up of three-dimensional bracket, data acquisition unit, information detecting unit, data acquisition Device is by two panels transparent organic glass clamping plate, circulation leaf chamber, LED/light source, leaf temperature sensor group into wherein circulation leaf chamber is installed There is gas circulation device, data acquisition unit is fixed on three-dimensional bracket;
Described information detecting unit includes air pump, flowmeter, aerial temperature and humidity sensor, capnograph, data and adopted Truck, information detecting unit is connected by usb communication data wire with control computer;
Air in circulation leaf chamber reaches flowmeter, aerial temperature and humidity by gas circulation device after being evacuated through air pump and sensed successively In device, capnograph, leaf temperature sensor, LED/light source, flowmeter, aerial temperature and humidity sensor, carbon dioxide point Analyzer is connected with data collecting card respectively.
2. plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described environment ginseng Number detection means is made up of Temperature Humidity Sensor, gas concentration lwevel sensor and optical sensor, is separately mounted to crop life Bottom, middle part and the top of long experimental box, wherein Temperature Humidity Sensor pass through two-wire system serial line interface and intelligent control module It is connected, gas concentration lwevel sensor and optical sensor are connected with two analog/digital conversion interfaces of intelligent control module.
3. plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described environment ginseng Number adjusting means is by LED light source plate, thermoregulator, humidistat, gas concentration lwevel adjuster and air regulator Composition, wherein thermoregulator, humidistat, gas concentration lwevel adjuster and air regulator and relay terminal are arranged It is connected, relay terminal row is connected with the general purpose outputs of intelligent control module mouth, LED light source plate and intelligent control module PWM output port is connected.
CN201410493255.6A 2014-09-25 2014-09-25 Plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment's device Active CN105511525B (en)

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CN109189128A (en) * 2018-09-14 2019-01-11 中国人民解放军空军航空医学研究所 A kind of environmental monitoring and automatic control device
CN109187478A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-01-11 魏泽林 A kind of automatic experimental provision of biological sample multimode
CN114080939B (en) * 2020-08-24 2023-10-10 立派特科股份有限公司 Fertility information collecting device

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CN2864669Y (en) * 2005-12-16 2007-01-31 浙江大学 Plant growth information acquiring device based on near infrared spectra
CN102106252B (en) * 2009-12-28 2012-03-28 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Display system suitable for comparing and observing growth of plant root systems
KR20130020377A (en) * 2011-08-19 2013-02-27 한국전자통신연구원 System and method for controlling cultivation of plant in greenhouse
CN202857423U (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-04-10 廖桂平 Double-room contrastive intelligent artificial environment crop growth test chamber
CN204102009U (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-14 天津职业技术师范大学 Plant growth infomation detection contrast experiment device

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